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funeral, but went in a coach. could not imagine where it came Mr. Stanley discontinued his visits from, or pretend to say how it about that time. Mr. Stanley arose.

Exercise, he supposed, might have called on that day, but would tend to bring the hard subhe could not speak positively. stance to the surface, but nature The plaintiff's principal object in would, of course, have the same going to Hammersmith was to see effect ; if the mode of treatment the Duke of York's funeral ; he required that no probing should also thought the change of air take place, the same course would would do him good. During his be adopted whether there was a absence Mr. Stanley called twice. piece of bone in the knee-pan, or The plaintiff came back in a fort. a foreign substance. night from Hammersmith.

Re-examined-It would be imRe-examined-Mr. Stanley said possible to say, from the appearhe might take moderate exercise ance of the scar, if it was large as soon as he was able ; his son al- enough to admit the piece of Aint. ways pointed out the knee-pan as If that had been taken out in the the seat of pain.

first instance, the wound would Examined by the Judge-He have been healed when he first did not think Mr. Stanley had no

saw it. tice of the discharge in the plain Mr. Sergeant Taddy addressed tiff's knee.

the Jury for the defendant, and Mr. Charles Lilly is a Member called the following witnesses :of the College of Surgeons. He Sir Astley Cooper, Bart.-I was called in to attend the plain. have attended to the accounts tiff in September ; he found him given by the different witnesses, very feeble ; there was a hard and, having given the subject all moveable substance in the knee- the attention I am capable of, I pan near the surface. He exame cannot discover any want of skill ined it, and advised soothing poul- or attention on the part of Mr. tices to be applied and the patient Stanley ; and if I had discovered to be kept quiet. In a month his a hard substance under the same health was very much inproved, circumstances, my mode of treatand on examining the knee at the ment would have been the same end of the second month he found as Mr. Stanley's. The present the hard substance had advanced was a very doubtful case, and one 50 near the surface that one point which required great caution. of it had come through the wound. No man is more informed in anaHe enlarged the orifice, and ex- tomy than Mr. Stanley. Probing tracted the flint now produced, the wound at that time might have and afterwards removed a second destroyed life, or, at least, occapiece of flint ; a third portion sioned the loss of the limb; for came out in the dressing of the the smallest wound made in the knee. The pan was certainly not knee-joint, such as that made by fractured ; and if it had been bro- probing, might have destroyed ken, that could undoubtedly have life. I have seen an opening in been discovered.

that part less than that which Cross-examined—When first he might be made by a crow-quill, saw the knee, he thought the and such opening, to my knowhard substance was bone. He ledge, destroyed life in less than

a week. If an incision had been dangerous to be constantly remade, or probing used under these moving the bandages, and I should circumstances, he (the surgeon) say that the man who would frewould probably have opened the quently examine fracture, and reknee-joint in doing so, and in that move bandages for that purpose, way would have indicted some would be a very unskilful surgeon, serious injury upon the limb, and and extremely unfit to have the this latter mode of treatment ought care of a patient. not to have been followed under Mr. Sergeant Cross-- There such circumstances. A fall from was no fracture in this case ; I a horse would be likely to break therefore wish to know from the the patella, and it is the only way witness if, in case the patient freI have known longitudinal' frac- quently pointed out a part as the tions of the patella occur. The seat of pain, whether he (Sir A. natural process for a bard sub- Cooper) would not have examined stance (as in the present case) is that part a second time, in order to approach the surface of the to see if there was any thing which skin. I think Mr. Stanley a most required further consideration ? complete judge in such cases; and Sir A. Cooper-If I thought I if I had been in attendance upon could relieve pain by again exathe patient, I should not have va- mining the wound, I should do so ; ried the treatment in any way but I would examine a case of this from that followed by the de- kind, in the beginning, and, having fendant.

made up my mind on the nature Cross-examined--I consider my. of it, I would not vacillate in my self capable of saying what treat- opinion, or alter the general mode ment ought to be used in a case I of treatment. had not seen, supposing all the Re-examined-Mr. Stanley did circumstances are afterwards de- every thing a good surgeon could tailed to me. I have heard the do, and left nothing undone. This facts from Mr. Stanley before I is iny opinion, putting out of my came into court; he called on une mind all I have heard out of and mentioned the circumstances, Court, and judging only by the and I gave my opinion on his state. evidence adduced to-day. I must ment of the case ; but my opinion say that I came into Court with has been very much influenced by some doubt ; but it was the evithe evidence I have heard to day, dence of Mr. Lilly that made me and particularly by the clear and as firm as I am at present. distinct statement of Mr. Lilly. Mr. Brodie stated, that he is a I believe the knee-joint was not surgeon of St. George's Hospital. broken. If I had been called to He had been in Court since the attend a patient who coinplained opening of the case ; and, judging that a certain spot was the seat by the evidence alone, he was of constant pain, I should (if any convinced that Mr. Stanley had new circumstances occurred) look shown no want of skill or attenagain at the wound ; but, if I had tion. A fracture of the patella is made up my mind from the begin- not uncommon when a fall from a ning, from my knowledge of ana- horse has taken place. It would tomy I would not alter the mode not be easy, under the circumof treatment; it would be very stances, to distinguish a piece of

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bone from a foreign substance. plaintiff, he would have followed
If witness had been called in he the same mode of treatment used
would have followed the same by Mr. Stanley, against whom he
mode of treatment as that pursu- saw no cause of complaint on the
ed by Mr. Stanley, whom he con- ground of want of skill or attention."
sidered a skilful anatomist and Mr. Sergeant Cross having re-
experienced surgeon.

Cross-examined--If he had been Mr. Justice Burroughs sum-
employed to attend the patient, med up the case, and observed
he would have kept him as quiet that if the Jury were of opinion
as possible, and done every thing that the defendant had been defi-
to prevent inflammation. He does cient in point of skill, or negligent
not recollect any thing else he in his attention to the plaintiff,
would have done on the occasion. they must find a verdict for the
A person who saw the wound latter; but if they were of opin-
eight or nine months after the ac- ion due care had been used, and
cident, might be better able to proper talent exercised, the de-
judge of it than at first ; and a fendant was entitled to their ver-
surgeon who examined it three dict. Some of the first surgeons
hours after it occurred would see in Europe all agreed in saying
it to a disadvantage, as the part they would have done as Mr.
must then be considerably swol- Stanley had done ; and, what was
len. He heard several accounts remarkable, they all said it would
of this case.

The first was from have been dangerous to have made a friend of the plaintiff ; the se- an incision at the time ; but, concond from the defendant ; and the sidering the evidence of the very third froin Mr. Lilly. From all learned surgeons who were exhe heard on the subject, he did amined, the plaintiff's case was not think that any blame was at- extremely weak. If they (the tributable to Mr. Stanley. Jury) believed what these wit

Mr. Travers and Mr. Green, nesses said, he could not fancy but surgeons at St. Thomas's Hospi- their verdict would be for the tal, concurred in stating that the defendant. defendant had pursued a skilful The Jury, after retiring for an and proper course of treatment in hour, returned with a verdict for the present case, and that no the plaintiff.—Damages £30. blame could attach to him. Mr. Bell, an eminent surgeon,

IV. said the defendant had used all due skill and attention in the mode

FOREIGN of treatment above referred to.

JOURNALS. Cross-examined.Some doubt might have been caused in his On Certain Properties of Sulphur. mind by the pain not subsiding,

The effect of heat on sulphur and the hard substance not ad- in the first fusing it, but afterhering to the knee-pan after two wards causing diminution of Aluidimonths.

ty, in a certain degree proportionMr. Abernethy was next exa- ate to the temperature, has been mined, and he stated that if he long and generally kpown, as well had been called to attend the also as the peculiar soft state into


which the sulphur may be brought, a long time to produce this effect; by pouring it, when hot and thick- all depends upon temperature. ened, into cold water. M. Du- The only precaution necessary is, mas has been led to examine these to have abundance of water, and phenomena for the purpose of ac, to divide the sulphur into small quiring a precise and particular drops or portions, that the cooling knowledge of the effects and may be rapid. If it be poured in changes.

a mass, the interior cools slowly, Fused sulphur began to crystal- and acquires the ordinary hard lize between 226 and 228 deg. state. When the experiment is Its fusing point may be consider- well made at 446 deg., the suled as 226.4 deg. Between 230 phur may be drawn into threads and 284 deg. it is as liquid as a as fine as a hair, and many feet in clear varnish, and of the color of length. amber; at about 320 deg. it be

M. Dumas, in remarking upon gins to thicken, and acquire a red this curious effect of sudden coolcolor ; on increasing the heat, it ing, classes it with the similar becomes so thick that it will not effect which occurs with bronze. pour. This effect is most mark- Although difficult to assign the ed between 428 and 572 deg.: the exact cause, yet he notices that color being then a red brown. the tendency to crystallize can From 572 to the boiling point it evidently be traced as influential becomes thinner, but never so flu- over some of the appearances, id as' at 248 deg. The deep red- the hardness and opacity, for inbrown color continues until it stance, which always occur togeboils.

ther, when the crystalline state When the most fluid sulphur is is assumed ; whereas, when rapid suddenly cooled, it becomes brit. cooling has hindered crystallizatle, but the thickened sulphur, tion, the mass remains soft and similarly treated, remains soft, transparent, until it crystallizes, and more soft as the temperature which usually happens in twenty bas been higher. Thus at 230 or thirty hours.-Ann. de Chimie. deg., the sulphur was very liquid, and yellow ; and cooled suddenly Separation of Bismuth from Merby immersion in water, it became

cury. yellow, and very friable ; at 374 M. Serullas has pointed out a deg. it was thick, and of an or- striking instance of ihe separation ange color, but by cooling, be- of bismuth from mercury.

He came at first soft and transparent, says a twelve hundred thousandth, but soon friable, and of the ordi- and even less of bismuth, when vary appearance ; at 428 deg., it dissolved in mercury, may be sewas red and viscid, and when parated and rendered visible by cooled, soft, transparent, and of the addition of a certain quantity an amber color ; at the boiling of the amalgam of potassium and point it was a deep brown-red a little water. A black powder color, and when cooled, very soft, is observed to rise from the subtransparent, and of a red-brown stance of the metal, and is a mixcolor.

ture of bismuth and mercury in a It is not necessary, as is some very divided state ; it rises to the times stated, to heat the sulphur surface or adheres to the vessel.)

Copper, lead, tin and silver, plates, and is not deliquescent. are equally separated, but not so The soda salt has similar characpromptly, or so evidently to the ters, and the ammonia salt crys. eye, as bismuth ; for they are not tallizes in needles. These salts associated with divided mercury, abundantly precipitate the aceat the time of their separation, tate and muriate of iron, of a redlike the latter. With bismuth, brown color; they precipitate sula mere atom is rendered visible, phate and nitrate of zinc white ; and M. Serullas thinks that che- muriate of manganese slightly of mistry does not present a more a clear brown color ; barytic and delicate test than the amalgam strontian salts abundantly white; of potassium for bismuth in mer- being mixed with strong solutions cury.--Ann. de Chimie.

of muriate or acetate of lime, On a New Acid existing in Iceland they gradually produce an acidu

lar crystalline white precipitate ; Moss.

acetate of silver yields an abunThe reddish purple color which dant white precipitate, which does is produced by adding a decoction not change color in less than twenof Iceland moss to per-salts of ty-four hours : they do not precipiiron, has been attributed to the tate salts of glucina, magnesia, presence of_gallic acid, but is aluinine, uranium, nickel, copper, found by M. Pfaff to be occasioned cobalt, gold, or platina. This by a new acid body, which may substance has been named the libe separated in the following man- chenic acid, and is distinguished ner : A pound of the lichen cut from boletic acid by the different small is to be macerated in solu- character of its vapor, and by tion of carbonate of potass, until forming an insoluble salt with baall that is soluble is separated ; ryta.- Bull. Univ. the above quantity will neutralize two gros (about 120 grs.) of the

V. carbonate. The filtered liquor is

REPORT. to be precipitated by acetate of lead, and the brown precipitate

Bruised Hand. produced, when well washed, is

March 15th. -John Bullock, seato be diffused through water, and man, North-port, aged 38. Accident sulphuretted hydrogen passed happened on board vessel, an hour through it until all the lead is se- before he was brought into the Hosparated. The filtered liquor is pital. In reaching out his hand to acid, and by spontaneous evapora- put on a fender to prevent the vestion, yields dentritic crystals. The sel which had just arrived at the crystals, when heated, carbonize, wharf, from striking it, his hand was but produce no odor like that of caught between the vessel and the tartaric acid, and lime is left. If post of the wharf; the full force of they be dissolved, and acted upon his hand. The palm of the hand

the vessel being thus impelled against by alkaline carbonates, carbonate of lime is thrown down, and alka- ments torn up so as to have the ap

was very much injured, the integulive salts, containing the new ac- pearance of a tlap. A piece of the id, are produced.

thumb bone was broken at the joint, The potash salt crystallizes in and came out through the flesh; the quadrilateral prisms, needles or thumb being left supported only by


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