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predisposed ; and that there is no condi. The deaths among the women are in protion to which this rule so invariably ap- portion to those of the men as 50 to 54. plies, as in diseases of the lungs and air who continue in celibacy. In the coun

The married women live longer than those passages. Hence the great and sudden try, the mean term of the number of chil. changes of temperature to which our cli- dren produced by each marriage is 4 ; in: mate at this season is subject, should now towns the proportion is 7 for every two be avoided or guarded against with the marriages. The number of married wo

men is to the general number of individuutmost caution, and every means employ- als of the sex as 1 to 3! and the number ed to fortify the constitution, and protect of married men to that of all the indivithe delicate and important organs which duals of the male sex, as 3 to 5. The

number of widows is to that of the widowsuffered so severely and universally as ers as 3 to 1: but the number of widows did the lungs but a few months ago. Let who marry again is to that of widowers in those, then, who experience tickling in the same case, as 7 to 4. The individuals the throat, with small dry cough, take who inhabit elevated situations live long

er than those who reside in less elevated warning from these premonitory signs of places. The half of the individuals die approaching mischief, and avoid violent before attaining the age of 17 years. The exercise, and whatever occasions hurried number of twins is to that of ordinary respiration and fulness of the lungs; as

births as 1 to 65. According to calcula

tions founded on the bills of mortality, singing, playing on wind instruments,

one individual only in 3,126 attains the long and loud declamations, which in an age of 100 years. The number of births irritable state of the air passages have an

of the male sex is to that of the female evil tendency. With the view of preserv

sex as 96 to 95.-Edinburgh Phil. Journ. ing the important functions of the skin, flannels should be put on immediately, LINA.-The degree of Doctor of Medicine

MEDICAL COLLEGE OF SOUTH CAROand constantly worn till the weather be

was conferred, by the Medical Society of comes mild and settled in the spring; in South Carolina, on 26 gentlemen, recom-; addition to this, let the feet be kept warm

mended to them by the Faculty of the and dry. The best remedy, in the hands Medical College of South Carolina. We

discover from the catalogue of graduates, of those who are not physicians, to remove

that 7 were from Georgia ; i from St. irritation and tightness from the lungs, is James', Santee ; 1 from St. Matthews ; 1 the application of blisters to the breast, from Ireland ; 1, residence not mentioned, or the ointment of tart, antimony, which Professors are Di Holbrook, Dr Ramsay,

and 15 belonging to South Carolina. The should be persisted in as long as the in. Dr Dickson, Dr Prioleau, Dr Frost, Dr ternal affection remains.

Ravenel, Dr Elliott, and Dr Geddings. Our ordinary summer and autumnal The Medical Society, by whom the degrees complaints have not been, and are not at 20 dollars, for the best Latin or Greek

are conferred, offer annually a premium of present, as troublesome as formerly. Of Thesis or Dissertation. The Faculty have dysentery, we have had comparatively issued their third circular.-Med. Repos. little, and that of a milder form than usual. Choleras have been pretty much ANTIQUITY OF THE Cow Pox.- Origin as in former years, though if any thing, The Pope's physician. Dr Prela has in a

of the Small Por from the Cow Pox.-milder and less frequent.

particular work on this subject, endeav

oured to prove, especially by passages POPULATION, &c. -- In Great Britain, from Pliny and Celsus, that the cow-pox the number of individuals in a state to was known in the old world, under the bear arms, from the age of 15 to 60, is name boa, (signification of its origin from 2744,847. The number of marriages is the cow,) and has started the curious byabout 98,030 yearly ; and it has been re- pothesis, that from the effect of the boa marked, that in 63 of these unions there on the human frame, the small pox graduwere only 3 which had no issue. The ally developed itself, so that the present number of deaths is about 332,708 yearly, expulsion of this disease by the cow.pox, which makes nearly 25,502 monthly, is only a return of the latter to its origi6,398 weekly, 914 daily, and 40 hourly. nal state.

WEEKLY REPORT OF DEATHS IN BOSTON.

COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS.

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attend two full courses of all the Lectures Accidental, 1--Canker, 2-Consump- delivered in the College, before he can be tion, 4-Cancer, 1--Decline, 1-Dysen- admitted as a candidate for the Doctortery, 4-Dyspepsia, 1-Dropsy, 2-Infan- ate ; unless said Student shall have attile, I--Intemperance, 1-Inflammation, tended Lectures in this College prior to 1-Lung Fever, 2-Scald, 1-Unknown, the Session of 1822-3, or shall have 1-Stillborn, 3. Males, 11-Females, 12. attended one entire course of Lectures

delivered in some incorporated Medical AMERICAN MEDICAL BIOGRAPHY.

School or University
THIS contemplated work is in progress, three years with some respectable practi-

The candidate must also have studied
will be arranged and presented to the
public soon as materials can be collected.

the age of 21 years. Those gentlemen who will be kind enough the College and its first 'session in Novem

In announcing the new organization of to furnish materials for the work are res

ber next, the Board of Trustees believe pectfully requested to forward their communications to the publisher of this paper, sion and the Public will be fully realized,

that the high expectations of the Profesor to Dr Thacher, Plymouth, the intended

and sustained by the distinguished repuauthor, as soon as may be convenient.

tation and talents of the several GentleUNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF

men who have been appointed to fill the NEW-YORK,

respective professorships.

By order of the Board of Trustees, THE Trustees have the satisfaction to

JOHN WATTS, Jr. M. D., Pres. announce that the Honorable the NICOLL H. DEPING, M. D., Regist. Regents of the University have filled the vacant Professorships in this Institution,

MODERN PRACTICE OF PHYSIC. and that the College will be opened on

N the press, and will shortly be pubthe first Monday of November next, by an Address from the President. The respec- Washington-St., a new and greatly im. tive courses of Lectures in the following proved edition of the MODERN PRAC. order, viz.

TICE OF PHYSIC, by JAMES TEACHER, Joan AUGUSTINE SMITH, M. D. on Au- M. D. A. A. S. Author of the American alomy and Physiology.

New Dispensatory, and Observations on ALEXANDER H. STEVENS, M. D. on Hydrophobia. To this work is prefixed

the Principles and Practice of Surgery. an interesting history of the rise and proJAMES F. Dana, M. D. on Chemistry. gress of Medical Science in the United JOSEPH M. SMITH, M. D. on the Theo- States, detailing in the order of their res

ry and Practice of Physic and Clini- pective organization, an account of the
cal Medicina

Medical Schools, with the names of the
EDWARD DELAFIELD, M. D. on Obstet. Professors and number of students in

rics and the Diseases of Women and each, together with the expenses and Children.

terms of admission and graduation in the Joan B. Beck, M. D. on Maleria Med- sereral schools. In treating of the disica and Botany.

eases in this work, the author has conThe Trustees are assured that the seve sulted those European authorities which eral courses of instruction will be full and are considered of the highest standing at complete, and that the means of illustra- the present day; as Good, Parr, Thomas, tion will be ample.

Armstrong, &c. But, as relates to the The students who have already attend- epidemic and other diseases peculiar to ed Lectures in this Institution, are notified our own country, precedence has been that the changes which have taken given to American authors, as the most place in the College will not deprive correct and sure guides to American them of any privileges or facilities hereto practitioners. The author expresses a fore enjoyed.

confident hope that this work will be In conformity with the ordinances of found to comprise a mass of practical the Honorable the Regents, of the Uni- knowledge that will meet the approbation versity, and the Laws of the State of of the profession, and prove particularly New-York, every Student is required to useful to the young practitioner.

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Published weekly, by John Cotton, Proprietor, at 184, Washington-St. corner of FranklinSt. to whorn all communications must be addressed (post-paid). Price two dollars per annum, if paid in advance, but, if not paid within three months, two dollars and a half will be required and this will, in no case, be deviated from.-Advertisements, $ 1 per square.

JOHN G. COFFIN, M. D., EDITOR.

THE BEST PART OF THE MEDICAL ART, IS THE ART OF AVOIDING PAIN.

VoĻ. IV.

TUESDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1826.

NO. 23.

OF DRINKS.

extent, incompatible sensations, it is Continued from page 186.

probable that nature iotended that The next question to be considered the appetite for food should first be is, as to the most suitable period for satisfied, before a supply of drink taking liquids : and this is, in some becomes necessary; and if our food measure, answered by the preceding possesses that degree of succulence observations. By drinking before a which characterizes digestible ali . meal, we place the stomach in a very medt, there will be no occasion for unfit condition for the duties it has it. But, under any circumstances, to perform. By drinking during a the quantity taken should be small meal, we shall assist digestion, if ibe it is during the intervals of our solid solid matter be of a nature to require meals that the liquid pecessary for it; and impede it, if the quantity tak. the repair of our Auids shouid be en renders the mass too liquid. Those taken; and both theory and esperiphysicians, therefore, who have in- ence appear in this respect to consisted on the necessity of a total ab- form, and to demonstrate the advanstinence of liquid during a meal, ap- tage which attends a liquid repast pear to have forgotten that every about four or five hours after the general rule must be regulated by solid meal. At about this period the circumstances. The best test of its chyle has entered its proper vessels, necessity is afforded by the sensa- and is flowing into the blood, in or. tions of the individual, which ought der to undergo its fioal changes. not to be disregarded merely because Then it is that the stomach, having they appear in opposition !o some disposed of its charge, receives the preconceived theory. The valetu- wholesome draught with the greatdinarian who, without the feeling of est advantage; then it is that the thirst, drioks during a meal because blood, impregnated with new malehe bas heard that it assists digestion ; rials, requires the assistance of a diland be who abstains from liquid, in uent to complete their sanguification, opposition to this feeling, in conse- and to carry off the superfluous matquence of the clamor which the par- ter; and it is then that the kidneys tisans of a popular lecturer hare and the skin will require the aid of raised against the custom, will equal. additional water to assist the perly err, and contribute to the increase formance of their functions. The of the evil they so anxiously seek to common beverage of tea, or some obviate. Dr W. Philip has stated a analogous repast, originally suggestfact, the truth of which my own ex. ed no doubt by an instinctive desire perience justifies, that weating too for liquid at this period, is thus sancLast causes thirst; for tbe food being tioned by theory, while its advanswallowed without a due admixture tages are established by experience. of saliva, the mass formed in the sto WATER is unqnestionably the natų. mach is too dry." I may conclude ral beverage of map; but any objecthese remarks by observing, that as tion against the use of other beverbunger and thirst are, to a certain ages, founded on their artificial ori

23

gio, I should at once repel by the large towns, it derives some impreg. same argument which has been nation from the smoky and contamiadduced in defence of cookery. We nated atmosphere through which it are to consider man as he is, not as falls; and, if allowed to come in conhe might have been, had he never tact with the houses, will be found forsaken the rude path of nature. I to contain calcareous matter; in am willing to confess, that the more which case it ought never to be used simply life is supported, and the less without being previously boiled and stimulus we use, the better; and that strained. Hippocrates gave this adhe is happy who considers water the vice ; and M. Margraf, of Berlin, has best drink, and salt the best sauce :” shown the wisdom of the precaution but how rarely does a physician find by a satisfactory series of experiments a patient who has regulated his life 2. SPRING WATER, in addition to by such a maxim! He is generally the substances detected in rain wacalled on to reform stomachs, al- ter, generally contains a small porready vitiated by bad habits, and tion of muriate of soda, and frequentwhich cannot, without much disci. ly other salts : but the larger springs pline, be reconciled to simple and are purer than the smaller ones; and healthy aliment. Under such cir- those which occur in primitive councumstances, nothing can be more in- tries, and in siliceous rocks, or beds judicious, than abruptly to withdraw of gravel, necessarily contain the the accustomed stimuli, unless it can least impregnation. An important be shown that they are absolutely practical distinction has been founded injurious; a question it will be my on the fact, that the water of some duty to investigate hereafter. springs dissolves soap, while that of

The qualities of water differ es- others decomposes and curdles it : sentially, according to the source the former has been termed soft, the from which it has been obtained ; and latter hard, water. Soft water is a those accustomed to this beverage more powerful solvent of all vegetaare sensible to differences which ble matters, and is consequently to wholly escape the observation of be preferred for domestic as well as less experienced judges. How far medicinal purposes. The brewer the existence of foreigo matter in- knows well from experience, how jures its salubrity, has been a subject much more readily and copiously of much controversy: the truth, per- soft water will dissolve the extrachaps, lies between the extremes; tive matter of his malt; and the those who insist on the necessity of housewife does not require to be distillation for its purification, and told, that hard water is incapable of those who consider every description making good tea. Sulphate of lime of water as alike salubrious, are, in is the salt which generally imparts my opinion, equally remote from the quality of hardness to water; and truth. That the presence of minute it has been said that its presence will quantities of earthy matter can be sometimes occasion an uneasy sensa

a source of disease, appears tion of weight in a weak siomach. absurd ; while it would be highly The quantity of this salt varies copsidangerous to deny the morbid ten- derably; but, in general, it appears dency of water that holds putrescent that the proportion of five grains in a animal or vegetable matter in solu- pint of water, will constitute hardtion, or which abounds in mineral ness, unfit for washing with soap, and impregnation.

for many other purposes of domestic i. Rain WATER, when collected in use. Animals appear to be more the open fields, is certainly the pur- sensible of the impurities of water est natural water, being produced as Ihan man. Horses, by an instinctive it were by a natural distillation. sagacity, always prefer soft water; When, however, it is collected near and when, by necessity or inatten

come

tion, they are confined to the use of hence our old wells furnish much that which is hard, their coats be- purer water than those which are come rough and illconditioned, and more recent, as the soluble particles they are frequently attacked with are gradually washed away. Mr the gripes. Pigeons are also kuown Dalton observes, that the more any to refuse hard, after they have been spring is drawn from, the softer the accustomed to soft water.*

water will become. 3. RIVER WATER. This, being de 5. Snow WATER has been supposed rived from the conflux of numerous to be unwholesome, and in particular springs with rain water, generally to produce bronchucele, from the possesses considerable purity; that prevalence of this disease in the ibe proportion of its saline contents Alps: but it does not appear on what should be small, is easily explained principle its insalubrity can depend. by the precipitation which must be. The same strumous affection occurs cessarily take place from the union at Sumatra, where ice and snow are of different solutions : it is, however, never seen ; while, on the contrary, liable to hold in suspension particles the disease is quite unknown in Chili of earthy matter, which impair its and Thibet, though the rivers of transparency, and sometimes its sa- these countries are supplied by the lubrity. This is particularly the melting of the snow with which the case with the Seine, the Ganges, and mountains are covered. The same the Nile: but as the impurities, are, observations will apply to ice zater. for the most part, only suspended, The trials of Captain Cook, in his and not truly dissolved, mere rest or voyage round the world, prove filtration will therefore restore to its wholesomeness beyond a doubt; it its original purity. The chemist, in the high southern latitudes he therefore, after such a process, found a salutary supply of fresh wawould be unable to distinguish water ter in the ice of the sea.

66 This melttaken up at London from that pro- ed ice,” says Sir John Pringle, was cored at Hampton court. There ex- not only sweet

soft, and ists a popular belief, that the water wholesome as to show the fallacy of of the Thames is peculiarly adapted human reasoning, unsupported by for the brewery of porter; it is only experiments." When immediately necessary to observe, that such wa- melted, snow water contains no air, ter is never used in the Londoo brew- as it is expelled during the act of eries. The vapid taste of river, freezing, consequently it is remarkawhen compared with spring water,, bly vapid; but it soon recovers the depends on the loss of air and carbo- air it had lost, by exposure to the pic acid, from its long exposure. atmosphere. 4. WELL WATER is essentially the

(To be continued.) same as spring water, being derived from the same source ; it is, however, more liable to impurity from its BOSTON, TUESDAY, OCT. 24, 1826. stagnation slow infiltration :

Dr LIEBER, now in London, an able Hard water has certainly a tendency teacher of Gymnastics, is willing to come to produce disease in the spleen of certain to America to conduct a gymnasium, if his animals, especially in sheep. This is the case on the eastern side of the island of passage is paid, and he can receive 800 Minorca, as we are informed by Cleghorn. dollars’ salary, for the first year. If 1000

+ Dr Percival observes, that bricks har- dollars are offered, Dr Lieber will bring den the softest water, and give it an alu- with him Mr A. Baur, a student in theminous impregnation : the common prac- ology, as an assistant, which would be tice of lining wells with them is therefore "very improper, unless they be covered very advantageous to the pupils, as Mr with cement.

Baur presided, for several years, over the

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