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eminent surgeons in the U. S. recommende which was immediately employed, and to ing them to the public, among which are the facilities afforded by this in the frethe following, viz :

quent dressings now become necessary, I Certificate from John C. Warren, M. D. am ready to attribute the rapid recovery

of Boston, Principal of the Massachu- of the patient from her dangerous situation. setts Hospilal.

That the advantages of this invention Mr J. C. Jenckes having requested my may be widely extended, and suffering opinion of his Machine for raising the sick humanity be relieved from many of its and wounded from bed, I have examined burdens is the ardent desire of it, and found it well calculated for the

Your obedient servant, purpose. In order to test its practical util

JOHN LUMMUS, M, D. ity, I desired him to convey it to the Massachusetts General Hospital, and have re

Philadelphia, Nov. 8, 1325. peatedly employed it there ; particularly I have within the last few weeks in in a case of fractured thigh, accompanied two cases of compound fractures, near the with delirium, and sound it highly useful. ancle joint, used with the most decided Considering it therefore a valuable inven- benefit the " Alleviator” of Mr Jenckes. tion, I very heartily recommend it for the Without hesitation I pronounce it a very use of hospials, and for all private patients valuable contrivance. who may be in need of it.

WM. GIBSON, M. D., Professor of SurJOHN C. WARREN, Principal Mrss. gery in the University of Pennsylvania. Hospital. Boston, June 16, 1823.

Certificale from the Physicians and Sur.

geons of the New York Hospital. Lynn, 25th Feb. 1825. The undersigned Physicians and SurDR CHATE,—This comes to you by geons of the New York Hospital, having the hands of MR JENCKES, the inventor of examined and witnessed the application an apparatus for raising from the bed, of Mr John C. Jenckes' new invention of persons whose infirmities or injuries from a Machine for raising the sick from their fractures or other causes have usually beds, unite in recommending the same as rendered a long confinement necessary. peculiarly useful for the purposes for

MR JENCKES is furnished with numerous which it is intended. certificates from eminent surgeons, respec

DAVID HOSACK, M. D. ting the advantages of his machine, and

JOHN NELSON, M. D. in justice to his mechanical ingenuity

JOHN C. CHESSMAN, M. D. and philanthropic character, I subjoin an

JOHN WATTS, JR, M. D. account of an important case, in which I

VALENTINE MOTT, M. D, feel assured, the patient's life has been pre

WRIGHT POST, M. D. served by the assistance of this apparatus.

THOMAS COCK, M. D. R. T., a respectable lady, aged 55, un ALEX. H. STEVENS, M. D. usually corpulent, by a fall on the ice New-York, July 15, 1823, fractured the right thigh bone at the neck. The usual reduction and dressings were

Anatomical Preparations. attended to, and during the first two NINE elegant ANATOMICAL PREPweeks the patient appeared to do well. ARATIONS in WAX, made by H. WILIt was then discovered that by the contin. LIAMS, for sale at Auction, on the 30th ued pressure on the back and hips, inflam- inst, at the Hall over Mr Cunningham's mation had taken place and gangrene and Auction Room, in Milk-street, lately ocmortification were rapidly succeeding. cupied as the HUBARD GALLERY. The state of the fractured limb, the size The PREPARATIONS to be exhibited of the patient, and the nervous excitement the day previous, and on the day of sale. under which she laboured, precluded or Tickets of admission, 25 cents. The obrendered extremely inconvenient, the ne- ject of this arrangemeat is to prevent the cessary dressing to those diseased parts. great crowd of the citizens, which might The patient was rapidly sinking and in prevent those from purchasing who wish the opinion of an eminent surgeon who it. was called in consultation, there was but Tickets to be had at H. Williams's No. a faint prospect of her recovery. At this 1, School-street, and at the Hall door ; a critical period Mr JENCKES visited Lynn, cursory description of them in writing may bringing with him one of his machines, be seen at the Hall.

Published weekly, by John Cotton, Proprietor, at 184, Washington-St. corner of FranklinSt. to whom all communications must be addressed (post-paid). Price two dollars per annum, if paid in advance, but, if not paid within three months, two dollars and a half will be required, and this will, in no case, be deviated from.




TUESDAY, JUNE 6, 1826.

NO. 3.

Like every

For the Medical Intelligencer. and found it so plausible and inter-

esting, and so easy to be understood Elements of Phrenology, by CHARLES withal, that we have resolved to Caldwell, M. D. Professor of the recomiend it to our readers, with a Institutes of Medicine and Clinical reasonable expectation that they will Practice, in Transylvania Universi. be pleased with a science which ty. Lexington, Ky. Thomas T. opens such a wide field for interest. Skiliman. 1824.

ing inquiry, and whose principles

admit of such a diversity of applicaPhrenology, which of late has tion to human life and conduct. Like gained so many advocates and admi- every brauch of pbilosophy, it has rers abroad, is getting, we perceive, met with opposition. in our owo country to be a very discovery in science, from Galileo to popular and interesting braoch of Symmes, it has encountered a host natural science; and, whatever may of adversaries, who have at the outbe thought or said of it by those set raised their standard of rebellion, who bave never read a syllable up- and waged against it—a war of exteron the subject, who are ignorant of mination; and the vein of wit and its history, its nature, its principles ridicule has been exhausted in enand importance, we are bound to deavoring to prove it to be nothing confess that, those who have serious more than the abortive offspring of ly attended to it, have generally a warm imagination, uosusceptible of been enamored of the science, and any useful application to enlighten found it emiuently worthy of their the mind, or to accelerate its prostudy and commendation. Indeed, gress.” But the war of opposition its progress in this couotry has been has ceased the adversaries of the quite rapid, and it seems to be re- doctrine, having hastily thrown the connenuing itself with much force glove, without preparing their to the attention of the learned, the armour for defence, have now fallen candid and intelligent of all classes, prostrate, and are powerless. They as one of the most rational and inge- have reckoned without their host, Dious systems of the philosophy of and many of the vanquished, overmind, that has hitherto been suggest- come by the multitude of facts and ed to the world. For ourselves, we weight of experience, have sought have found it a very agreeable stu- alliance with this new system, and dy, and freely confess we think fa- are firm believers in its usefulness vorably of the science.

It is founded and truth. Every day, in fact, we upoo facts and observations, and as see them falling around us, and rising such, is worthy of the most attentive again to become zealous advocates aod candid examinatioo. At first of the doctrines which at first they view of the subject, we thought contended and railed against with so lightly of the doctrines of Gall and much bitterness and folly. Nor are Spurzheim-like many others, we these changes wrought with the were sceptical upon the subject-but medical profession alone, but among having devoted some attention to it, the most intelligent and observing of


all classes the lawyer, statesman, have read these authors, the more and divine. In fact, among all wbo we have been confused, and we feel have candidly examined the subject, ourselves indebted to Gall and Sporzthe observations of Gall and Spurz- heim for the only rational and comheim have been extended and con- prehensive ideas we have been able firmed ; and the various societies to obtain in reference to the philosowhich bare sprung up in different phy of mind. We reader our thanks, parts of Europe and this country, however, to Dr. Caldwell, the learnand the several courses of lectures ed and worthy Professor of Transylwhich have been given, for the vania University, and the autbor of avowed purpose of diffusing general the excellent treatise on phrenology information in regard to this science, which stands at the head of our by the collection of facts and obser- paper, and which is richly deserving vations, sufficiently prove that their a more extended notice than at preanticipations have not been altoge- sent we are able to give it. ther chimerical. • By setting the thank him for the lively exposition example of submitting every thing he has given of the system—for the to the test of observation and expe- able and satisfactory manner in which rience, they have dissipated much of he has defended it from hatred and the prejudice which has long reigned malice, and all uncharitableness--tor in the sciences, and which the strong- stilling the ridicule and prejudice est minds of the preceding centuries which the ignoraat and witling bave have not been able to resist. They been ready to indulge against il-for are now opposing to empiricism a revealing it more fully to the wise mass of knowledge and facts, against and simple, and rendering it a most which the errors adopted by the rational, agreeable, and fascinating vulgar, with an enthusiasm wbich, in study of the homan mind. former times, would have perpetu “This publication," says the auated their empire, have spent their thor in his introduction, “ is but little force in vain." lo a word, they more than a horn book on the subhave conceived a grand, beautiful, ject, being a mere digest of a few and ingenious theory of the buman lectures delivered by him in his intellect, which, far more clear and course of instruction on the institutes comprehensive than any system of of medicine. He prints it at the remetaphysics hitherto invented, is quest of his class, to whom it will Dow brought within the rea the serve as a remembrancer of what multitude, and entitled to special en- they have already heard, while it couragement froin its innumerable may indicate to others topics of inapplications to the phenomena of quiry, which, without some aid of Dature, the philosophy of human the kind, might not have occurred actions, and the practice of the arts. to them. He hopes it will not be

What system of metaphysics, we without its influence in achieving beg to know, has hitherto developed one object further. By making the a single intelligible, satisfactory idea, real priociples of the science better in relation to the phenomena of and more extensively knowo, and mind? Who that has written upon presenting them in the innocency it, from Locke to Stewart, from Aris- which rightfully belongs to them, it totle to Brown, has been able to will remove, or at least weaken, dissipate the gross darkness which conscientious scruples, and lead to overshadows this portion of natural honest research.”

On the whole, philosopby, and bring to light the we give it the passport of our aptrue nature and operations of the probation, and recommend it to our mind? We copfoss, the more we readers as a work of decided merit,


altogether worthy of the author's pointment was given to Dr Shippen, of distinguished reputation as a philoso- Philadelphia, aud Dr Turner was appointpher, moralist and physician, and ed Surgeon-general of the eastern depart-, alike reputable to bis head and his ability till near the close of the war. He

ment, which station be filled with great heart. It will do more, we believe, then returned to his family, and resumed tban any other work, to introduce his private practice. In this he continued into men's houses this new philosophy, with undiminished reputation till 1800, and we sincerely hope for its more

when finding bimself advancing in years, extended circulation, both at home country practice, he removed to New

and feeling the fatigues of extensive and abroad.

York, considering a city better adapted to

his period of life. His business here was For the Medical Intelligencet. soon respectable, and he was shortly after BIOGRAPHY.

appointed a surgeon to the staff of the Dr Philip TURNER, a very celebrated United States army, and was permanently operative surgeon, was born at Norwich, stationed on. York island, with the mediCon., 1740. At the age of 12, being left cal and surgical care of the troops in that

This station he held at his an orphan destitute of property, he was quarter. taken into the family, and under the pat- death, which occurred in the spring of ronage of Dr Elisha Tracey, of that town, 1815, in the 75th year of his age. He who deservedly stood high in the public

was interred with military honours. opinion, as a classical scholar, a practical

Dr Turner, though not an academical physician, and a man distinguished for his scholar, received a good early education, moral and social virtues.

and was naturally of a ready mind, with Here TURNER was treated with the much sprightliness and suavity of mankindness of a child, and at a suitable age

To these were united a handsome commenced his medical studies, under person, and pleasing address, with a kind the eye of his patron. In the year 1959, of intuitive capacity, peculiarly qualifyhe was appointed assistant surgeon to a

ing him for the profession of surgery. On provincial regiment, under General Am- this subject, his judgment was uncommonherst, at Ticonderoga. His handsome ly accurate, and with a firm mind, and person and pleasing address soon attract

a steady dexterity of hand, his operations ed the attention of the English surgeons,

were ably performed, and attended with by whom he was treated with much cour

an almost unparallelled success. Dr Shiptesy, and invited to witness many of their pen did him the konour to say, that neithcapital operations.

er in Europe or America had he ever seen It was from the information and prac

an operator that excelled him. In about tice he obtained in this school, that he twenty operations of lithotomy, it is said, laid the foundation of his future eminence that

all but two cases were perfectly sucas an operator. He continued with the cessful. Dr Turner is an instance of one army till after the peace of 1763, when rising to the highest professional eminence, he returned to the house of his benefactor, who never studied or travelled out of his (whose eldest daughter he soon after mar

own country. ried,) and settled in Norwich, as a practitioner of surgery. His practice and rep

SUSCEPTIBILITY OF IMPRESSION, utation were such, that at the breaking

Susceptibility of Impression is one out of the revolutionary war, he was unrivalled, as a surgeon, in the eastern sec.

of the most wonderful of the proper. tion of the country. During the first cam

ties of life. It is the capability of bepaigo, he was the first surgeon of the Con- ing influenced, and excited to action, necticut troops before Boston. He went by the application of certain agents with the army to New York in 1776, and

or causes. in consequence of the battles of Long Isl. irritability and excitability, and may

It has been called, also, and portunity was afforded him of displaying be considered as a simple kind of his professional talents as an operator, feeling, though unattended with corwhich gained him the highest character sciousness. The only proof we have with the army. In 1777, Dr Turner was nominated and the changes which parts undergo,

of the existence of tbis principle, is appointed by Congress Director-general, to superintend the general hospital, but in consequence of certain applications ou a motion for re-consideration, the ap- being made to them. This proper

ritable parts.

ty exists universally in all living be.' is greater in some parts than in oth. ings-plants, as well as animals, ers,—as the stomach compared with and in almost every part of them. the skin. The former is open to a parts of animals which are thus sus- number of impressions which the latceptible of impression when applica- ter is insensible to. Thus ipecacutions are made to them, are called ir. anha, taken into the stomach, pro

Almost all parts are duces an impression of which we are irritable, either entire, or in their com not distinctly conscious, but wbich is ponent parts. Thus, though bones, soon followed by violent action, yet cartilages, and tendons, are not ob- the same substance applied to the served to have any perceptible mo. skin produces no effect. The sustion excited in them by irritation, yet ceptibility differs with age; it is the individual parts of which they greater in young persons than ip old are composed, as blood-vessels, ab- opes; so that the same degree of stisorbents,&c., effect important changes mulus will produce a greater effect in their structures, which are thus in the former than in the latter. proved to be irrilable, i. e. suscepti. Hence, therefore, in the application ble of impression.

of agents to the body, we are not onThe applications, or causes which ly to take into account the force of make an impression, and excite emo- tbe impression, but the degree of sustion, in living beings, are termed ceptibility also. stimuli, or exciting powers. The The susceptibility of impression is impressions thus made, though fol- different in health and in disease. In lowed by action, we are not, in gen- some diseases, it is much increased ; eral, conscious of. Thus, the food in others, it is diminished : of the lat. excites the stomach, and the blood ter, we bave instances in brain affecthe heart and vessels, to perform tions. their respective actions, without our This property is greater in some being at all sensible or conscious of iodividuals iban in others; this is to such impressions being made. In be remembered in the administrathe same way, the most important tion of medicines. One person refunctions, those the most essential quires a double and treble dose of the to life, are carried on, without our same substance, to produce the same being conscious of the impression effect. Unfortunately, we have no being made, or our knowing, by any certain means of judging of the departicular feeling, what is going on gree of susceptibility possessed by in the system. In the same way, the different bodies. We give medicines causes of disease often act upon us to produce certain effects, but we insensibly: and we know nothing of are always doubtful whether these their application, till they have pro- effects will be produced. Someduced their effects, as in the case of times, from a previous knowledge of contagion, &c.

the individual, we are enabled to It is upon this principle, also, viz., judge in some degree, but never the susceptibility, irritability, or ex. without doubt. citability of the body, that medicines Both when in excess and when defigenerally act, for we seldom feel cient, susceptibility of impression prefirst impressions, and only become disposes to disease, though of differsensible to their more remote effects, ent kinds. When in excess, it disposes as in the case of bark, mercury, ar- to inflammation and spasın; when senic, &c.

deficient, it is attended with torpor This susceptibility of impression, and inaction, and their consequences. or irritability, is greater or less, ac It is influenced by medicines, and cording to various circumstances. It various other things. Tbus narcot

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