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accomplished, however, with but lit- operation will probably take part tle loss of blood, and was followed in the adhesive process which is go. with very little pain or irritation. ing on around it, and its mobility beThe wound was brought together come essentially impaired. and secured by adhesive sutures and The records of modern surgery straps and the bab bandaged and furnish abundant cause to doubt the extended by a splint. It united fa- assumed probability of the evils convourably by the first intention,--the templated in the first objection, and patient has been free from pain, and the very structure of the part seems the disease is probably permanently to us to furrish no small security cured.
against those presented in the secThis is another case in opposition ond. For, the very low degree of to the opinions which discourage the vitality enjoyed by the tendon, will similar treatment of such diseases, to probably prevent it from taking on wit, first, that the exposure of such the adhesive inflammation speedily, a portion of synovial surface to the and meantime, the theca will have air, and the violence of an operation, become reorganized, and its secre. will be likely to produce violent in- tion established before the tardy flammation in the part, and severe moving powers of the tendon can be constitutional irritation, and, second. rallied for the mischievous purpose. ly, that the tendon implicated in the
WHITE MUSTARD SEED.
Treated by distillation with water, it This remedy has been recently brought gives an essential oil; which discointo notice by a Mr or Dr J. T. of Lincoln vers the same acrimony that is found shire, Eng. A brief notice of this subject in the whole substance ; and shows has recently appeared in the Hallowell that the acrimony of this depends upGazette, which we present to our readers. on that.—The same substance con. Dr Cullen has the following pas
tains also a portion of mild oil, which sages respecting Mustard Seed, in his may be obtained by expression from work on the Materia Medica ; which the powdered seed, aod when this is is by many considered as the princi- done, the acrid parts are found in pal performance of this eminent wri- the paste that remains after the exter, and has been republished in pression of the mild oil. New York,
" In these seeds there is a large “ The seeds of this plant (says Dr portion of farinaceous matter, capaCullen) are the only part employ- ble of fermentation ; under which ed; and it has been common for the [fermentation] the volatile oil is purpose of medicine to distinguish more evolved, and shows its activity iwo kipds of it, the black and the more readily. Thence it is, that the white ; which (though they seem to fresh powder shows but little pungenbe of different species) hardly differ cy and a good deal of bitterness ; in their sensible qualities, and for wbereas, when it has been moistened every purpose may be indifferently with vinegar and set by for a day, it used.*
becomes considerably more acrid; 6 The seed contains a volatile part; (as is well known to those wbo prevery pungent to the smell and taste. pare mustard for the use of the ta
* It is doubted, by come, whether the two sorts of mustard known in this country (New England) do not differ from each other in medical properties,
ble).-This also applies particularly tard seed ; telling us as regards its to its external use.
preparations, that "it imparts its Mustard, thus, applied externally, taste and smell in perfection to has all the powers of the horse rad- aqueous liquors, whilst rectified spirish ; and I am much surprised that it, extracts extremely little of eiththe learned Professor Murray should er.” He informs us also, that " oil assert that mustard stimulates the of mustard by expression is prescribsystem less than the ordinary vesica- ed with success in the severest fits of tories : (that is, as I suppose, than the stone :” but adds, that “the oil cantharides.)
by expression is extremely mild.” 6 Mustard, io its powdered state, Dr Lewis, the chemist, in his Distaken internally, has all the powers pensatory, copies part of wbat Dr and effects of the other sitiquosæ ;* James had said before him. but they are here more active and Dr Duncan, the father, gives a genpowerful than in any other. * * eral list of the virtues of the mustard
“A practice (so far as I can learn) seed, in his Dispensatory. That of begon in this city about fifty years Dr Duncan, the son, is the first to noago, has since been very frequent. tice the method of swallowing the seed li consists in giving the mustard entire ;-in which he is followed by seed entire and unbruised, to the Dr John Redman Coxe, of Philadel. quantity of half an ounce, (or as phia, whose Dispensatory compremuch as an ordinary table-spoonful hends the improvements in the Diswill contain.) This does not prove pensatory of Dr Duncan the younger. heating in the stomacb, but stimu Dr Cullen and Dr James mention lates the intestinal caoal; and com- the employment of mustard seed inmonly proves laxative, or at least ternally by various practitioners in the supports the usual daily excretion.- continent of Europe ; and we sball It commonly increases the secretion next proceed to notice its recentem-' of the uripe ; but in this I have fre- ployment internally in England in its quently found it to fail.-- In giving unbruised state; after observing that it twice a day, (as our common prac- Dr Physick has used it in this form tice is,) I have not found it to stimu- in his own case with advantage, and late or heal the body. *
recommended it for trial to one of “ I cannot finish this subject with his patients. out observing two different opinions Tbe case of recent English prac. with respect to it. Professor Mur- tice to which we allude, is as ray says that mustard gives an agree- follows: able sensation in the stomach ; and, lo the month of June, 1822, a Linin the case of himself, a cheerfulness colnshire gentleman, (whose respectto the mind.
Lionæus ability is known to the writer of this gives a very contrary opinion. Too article) made use in his own case of considerable an employment of it (he the mustard seed in its unbruised says) brings on languor, and is un- state, merely with a view to open friendly to cheerfulness. I cannot his body; which being immediately vouch for the truth of either opinion.” succeeded by an improved state of Thus far Dr Cullen.
his general feelings, he gave the The celebrated Dr James, who medicine to the sick poor in his bas connected his name with a well peighbourhood, with equally happy known fever powder, has left also in effects. He then printed his obserhis Dispensatory a papegyric on mus- vations on the efficacy of this medi
* A family of plants, so named from having their seeds in pods of a certain form. + Dr Cullen was then (viz. 1795) writing in Edinburgh.
dne, on a single leaf of paper; in We have already spokon of tussis senilis, wbich form it has gone through eight and wig now propose a few remarks editions, of a thousand copies eacb; -practical remarks-on a species of pru.' and the result bas been, that a single rigo which attacks elderly subjects only. seed shop in London has at times sold When the complaint makes its appearto the amount of one bushel of the ance we have always reason to fear the seed daily.
remainder of our patient's life will be conWe must allow to our Lincolnshire stantly harassed by the intense itching gentleman the merit of zeal, in the which attenda it. As years however adegumeration which he makes of the
vance, and one improvement rises on anextensive powers of his remedy, other, our fears are gradually banished, which we shall immediately exhibit in an abridged and methodized form;
and the hope of affording relief brightens. iotending on our side to follow it up There are few diseases in which this fact with some general remarks, to lessen is so strongly exemplified as in prurigo
senilis. When Willan was living, scarce. our wonder at his assertions.
The medicine (he states) may be ly any attempt, further than ablution, was given where there is, 1st. A tend- made to cure this disease, because the ency of blood to the head, and head- chance of success was so exeeedingly fecache. 2d. Weakness of the eyes. ble ; but in our day we can do more, we 3d. Weakness of the voice, and can hope to effect a cure in more than hoarseness. 4th. Asthma, shortness half the cases which come to us. of breath, wheezing, cough, or oth This troublesome eruption is situated er affections of the chest. Stb. Af, most generally under the knees, on the fections of the stomach; as want of thighs, legs, and forearms. It is scarcely appetite, indigestion, oppression af
perceptible at first, and the only symptom ter eating, heart-buro, sickness, wind, of derangement is an inveterate itching, cramp, irritability, or costiveness. which accompanies the disease through6th. Debility, or other uneasiness
out. By this, the attention is more closein the body; and depression of spirits. 7th. Deficient perspiration. Sth. ly directed to the part affected, and small Affections in the urinary organs. 9th. pimples are discovered scarcely elevated, Disorders in the biliary system. 10th. and about the colour of the skin. As the Want of sleep. 1116. Colds, and a tops of some of these are scratched off, teodency to take cold. 12th. Rheu- a thin matter exudes, and concretes into matism, lumbago, cramps in the minute black scabs, and these scattered limbs, and rheumatic fever. 13th. papulæ, their peculiar colour, and the inDropsy in its different forms. 14th. tense itch which accompany them, Paralytic complaints. 15th. Cold- clearly indicate the nature of the disease. ness of the extremities. 16th. This affection is occasioned by the torpor Agues. 17th. Gouty complaints. of the circulation and a general want of 18th. Epilepsy. 19th. Scrofula.
activity in the extreme vessels. This 20th. Piles. "21st. St Aothony's fire. state of morbid dullness affords an oppor22d. The tic doloureux. 23d.
tunity for pediculi to be generated in the Worms, and some other affections of
skin, and to increase to a wonderful dechildren. 24th. Convalescent states, after fever and other great maladies gree, the obstinacy and the itching which (To be continued.)
characterize this species of prurigo.
Under these circumstances the afflicted
patient applies to us for a remedy, and There are a few complaints which are we may safely promise one chance in two, peculiar to persons advanced in life, and of entire relief. If there is reason to betheir general characteristic is obstinacy. lieve pediculi concealed in the skin,
a solution of the corrosive sublimate the patient was cured by trepanning, afexteroally applied--will prove Vectual ter labouring under the disease 14 years. in destroying them. But in all cases our Mr D. æt. 41, had been subject to fits first intention should be to give vigour to of epilepsy 14 years, and for the last ten, the system, and lessen cutaneous irritation. says the report, they had occurred so freTo effect the first purpose it is unnecessa-' quently as to disqualify him for business, ry for us to point out the efficient means. and have gradually increased in frequenFor diminishing cutaneous irritation there cy and violence. From their long continuare two remedies to which we wish to ance, his mind had become much impaired draw the attention of the faculty, as be- and be was fast approaching to a state of iding peculiarly well adapted to this com- iocy. It appears that he had received a plaint. One is a solution of the Extract blow on the head sometime previous to of Belladonna,-a drachm to half a pint these fits, which fractured the skull. Dr of water,--and the other an ointment com- Rodgers conceiving this to be the cause of posed of opium one drachm, subcarbonate these fits, recommended ap operation for his of soda or potass two 'drachms, and fresh relief; accordingly, assisted by Drs Mott hog's lard an ounce.---By means of one or and King, he removed the injured portion other of these local applications, and a of bone by the application of the trephine, general treatment which will give vigour and found a spicula of bone projecting in. to the whole frame, the most troublesome to the brain. Dr Rodgers adds, that nine of all the complaints which disturb the months after the operation he saw this tranquillity and peace of old age, may, in man in the street ; he stated that his memmany instances, be speedily overcome. ory had pearly recovered its usual strength,
and that there had been no return of the EPILEPSY.
fits. His health was so far restored as to An important and interesting case is re
be able to attend to his business without ported by Dr D. L, Rodgers in the New
any inconvenience. York Med. and Phys. Journal, in which
VARIETIES. DIMINUTION OF MORTALITY.-ADVAN- only 15 in 100 reached the age of sixty ; TAGES OF CIVILIZATION.-In the last sit- now, the number is raised to 24.-Thus, ting of the French Academy, (30th of Jan, it appears that the total number of deaths, vary,) M. Fourrier read a note by M. Be compared with the population, is very noiston de Chateauneuf, op the changes sensibly diminished. Formerly, the anwhich the laws of mortality have under- nual deaths were 1 to 30 ; now, they are gone within the last half century, from only as 1 to 39. The number of births is 1775 to 1825.
also found to have decreased. They are The result of these curious researches now only as 1 in 25 ; whilst formerly they is, that, whereas formerly, out of every amounted to 1 in 31.- A similar decrease 100 children born, 50 died within the two is observable in the number of marriages ; first years, not more than 38 5-10 now they formerly amounted to 1 in every 111 perish. It cannot be doubted that this persons : now they are reduced to 1 in important difference in the mortality of 135.-The fruitfulness of marriages has not infants is to be ascribed partly to vaccin- undergone any alteration; they yield, on ation, and partly to the improvement in an average, four children to a marriage. the condition of the labouring classes. The general result is this; marriages are The comparison is equally in favour of less frequent, and fewer children are born the present time as it regards all the oth- than formerly, in proportion to the popuer periods of life. Thus, in every 100 lation. Nevertheless, the population is children, 55 5-10 formerly died under the rapidly increasing ; because, of the childage of ten ; now, the mortality does not ren bom, a much larger proportion attain exceed 43 7-10. In the same number to maturity, and to old age. This circumof men, only 21 5-10 reached the age of stance affords a sufficient explanation of fisty; now 32 5-10 attain that age. Then, the diminution ia the number of marriages.
In fact, the greater is the mortality in a
TEMPERATURE OF THE EARTA.-M. country the greater is the number of mar- Orago communicated to the Institution riages, because the vacancies must be fill- of Fran the results of a great many exed up. On the other hand, in a country periments which he had tried to ascertain where the mortality is small, the inhabit- the temperature of the earth at different ants are less rich, and marriages less fre- depths from the surface ; according to quent, because the difficulty of finding which it appears, that the temperature inemployment and of obtaining the means creases in the proportion of one degree to of supporting a family is greater. From every hundred feet in depth. these facts we may draw the following conclusions ; that if a more perfect civili COMPOSITION OF THE ATMOSPHERE. zation increases population by diminishing -Mr Dalton states that there is a variathe causes of mortality, this increase of tion in the quality of oxygen in the atmospopulation becomes the cause of greater phere of about 0.45 per cent. The greatrelaxation of morals, by presenting obsta- est quantity was found on the 8th of cles to marriages. Thus it appears that January, 1825, when the wind was porththe number of foundlings in France bave east, and the barometer 30.9 inches ; the been tripled since the year 1780.
wind was moderate after three days calm
and gentle frost. The atmosphere then DEAF AND DUMB.-M. Majendie late- contained 21.15 per cent. of oxygen, ly read a case of deaf and dumb before while, in its general state, it yields only the Royal Institution of France; it was 2007 or 20-8 per cent. that of a boy, nine years of age, who was restored to hearing and speech by Dr De. It will be perceived that we have made Jeau, of Paris. This, however, is, we un another alteration in the form of the Inderstand, no novelty, as several cases of TELLIGENCER, in order to give more this description have, within these few room for communications, &c. We years, come under the care of Mr Curtis, shall reprint the articles contained in the the Surgeon to the Royal Dispensary for No. issued on Tuesday last, and consider diseases of the Ear, which have yielded the present as the first No. of Vol. IV. to his judicious and attentive treatment. All advertisements inserted in the INTEL
LIGENCER will be published on the covREPRODUCTION OF THE CRYSTALLINE er of the ATAENEUM. None will be admita Less.-M. Coquehean has laid before the ted except those connected with medicine. Royal Academy of Medicine of Paris, a paper, designed to prove, froni experi-, WEEKLY REPORT OF DEATHS IN BOSTON. ments made on young animals, such as
Consumption, 4-Intemperance, l-Inpuppies and young rabbits, that the crys; fantile, 1 -Quinsy, 1—Mortification, 1talline lens may be reproduced, provided Dropsy in the head, 2-Hooping Cough, it be extracted with care, and with the i-Drowned, 1--Lung Fever, 1--Old least possible injury to its capsule. If Age, 1–Accidental, 1 – Typhus Fever, 1 such be the fact, it is quite accordant Teething, 1-Childbed, i-Canker in with the opinion maintained by Professor the bowels, 1. Blainville respecting the nature of the lens, and the office of its capsule.
Jenckes' Patent Alleviator. Homax MONSTER.-At the Academy THE subscriber having made an arof Sciences, on the 7th of January, M. rangement for introducing this invaluable Geoffrey Saint-Hiliare presented a human Instrument in the city of Boston, any fanmonster, which had just been discovered ily who may have one of their number so in a collection of animal mummies, form- sick as to require the exertions of their ing part of a magnificent cabinet of anti- friends to lift them for any purpose, can quities recently imported from Egypt by be accommodated with the use of the Althai able artist and learned antiquary M. leviator by calling on Mr William HanPassalacquoa, This monster belongs to
COCK, No. 39, Market-street, or on Mr Ep. the class known by the name of amen MUND PARSONS, No. 10, Portland-street, cephalous, characterized by the nplete who has undertaken to put them up when privation of the brain and spinal marrow; and where they may be wanted, and atand is exceedingly interesting, first, as tend to the use of them. Any person contradicting the doctrine of the Cartesian wishing for further information, will please philosopher, that thought is generated in to apply as above. the braio ; and, secondly, is opposed to
JOHN C. JENCKES. the more recent theory of the origin of the Mr JENCKES has many Certificates, RETres in the cerebral or vertebral pulp. from the Medical Society, and from many