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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS,

PAGE

27

Tail piece to Detractor. Engraved by H. WHITE
Head piece to Envioso. Engraved by R. BRANS-

TON.

28

Tail piece to Envioso. Engraved by J. THOMP

SON

30

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34

39

Head piece to Flatterer. Engraved by J.

THOMPSON
Tail piece to Flatterer. Engraved by W. HUGHES
Head piece to Gamester. Engraved by W.

Hughes
Tail piece to Gamester. Engraved by R.

BRANSTON, Jun.
Head piece to Hypocrite. Engraved by J.

THOMPSON
Tail piece to Hypocrite. Engraved by H. White
Head piece to Impertinent. Engraved by J.

THOMPSON
Tail piece to Impertinent. Engraved by H.

WHITE
Head piece to Knave. Engraved by W. Hughes
Tail piece to Knave. Engraved by J. THOMP-

40 42

43

45

46

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49 51

Tail piece to Lawyer. Engraved by W. Hughes
Head piece to Moroso. Engraved by J. THOMP-

SON

.

52

Head piece to Newsmonger. Engraved by J.

THOMPSON
Tail piece to Newsmonger. Engraved by W.

HUGHES

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PAGE

60

Head piece to Opiniator. Engraved by J.

THOMPSON
Head piece to Projector. Engraved by W.

Hughes
Tail piece to Projector. Engraved by J. THOMP-

64

.

SON

66 67

Head piece to Quack. Engraved by C. Nesbit
Tail piece to Quack. Engraved by R. BRANSTON
Head piece to Rake. Engraved by Miss By-

70

FIELD

71 74

Tail piece to Rake. Engraved by W. Harvey
Head piece to Swearer. Engraved by J. THOMP-

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78

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Head piece to Traveller. Engraved by H.

WHITE
Tail piece to Traveller. Engraved by J. Thomp.

SON.
Head piece to Usurer. Engraved by J. THOMP-

81

.

SON

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Head piece to Wiseman. Engraved by J.

THOMPSON
Tail piece to Wiseman. Engraved by W.

Hughes
Head piece to Xantippe. Engraved by J.

THOMPSON
Tail piece
Head piece to Youth. Engraved by J. THOMP-

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SON

.

.

Head piece to Zany. Engraved by C. Nesbit.

96 99 xii

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.

PAGE

TON,

.

I 22

Tail piece to Youth. Engraved by R. BRANS

Jun. .
Tail piece to Usurer. Engraved by H. WHITE
Tail piece
Tail piece. Engraved by R. BRANSTON

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INTRODUCTION.

ON
N a certain rainy day in 1722, the

Artillery Ground at Finsbury, where, since the time of Samuel Pepys, it had been the practice to test great guns, and where, in later years, John Gilpin and other train-band captains of renown instructed their companies in the use of the half-pike and firelockwas the scene of an interesting experiment.

This was nothing less than the trial of a newlyinvented piece of ordnance of special design and pretensions. Judging by the contemporary description, it must have been a sort of exaggerated revolver, mounted on a tripod, and expelling its missiles through

a single long barrel from a breech of six or more chambers. This breech could be removed, and another substituted for it, containing, according to the taste and fancy of the artillerist, either round bullets for Christians or square bullets for unbelievers. The apparatus was also available for Granado shells.Its performance, from the account given in the London Journal for Saturday, 31 March, 1722, must have been highly satisfa£tory. 'Tis reported for certain,says this veracious print, that one man discharged it 63 times in seven Minutes, though all the while Raining ; and that it throws of either one large or sixteen Musquet Bullets at every Discharge, with very great force.

The name of this formidable engine of destrution, for which Letters Patent had been taken out a few years before (May, 1718), was Puckle's Machine ;and

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