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full of slander and gall; striking even at magis

trates, parents, friends, and cases that deserved pity. 34. After speaking he always laugh'd first, and gene

rally alone ; and whilst he drolld and scoff'd at the false steps of others, weary'd the company with

his own.

35. At length he met with his match, which mortified

him extreamly: For Buffoon, forsooth, could no more endure to be out fool'd, than Nero to be out

fiddled. 36. Father. Some use their wits as Bravoes wear

stellettoes, not for defence but mischief; or like Solomon's madman, cast firebrands, arrows, and

death, and say, Am not I in sport. 37. Few know how and when to throw out a pleasant

word, with such regard to modesty and respect, as not to transgress the bounds of wit, good nature,

or good breeding. 38.

All that's obscene, doth always give offence,

And want of decency, is want of sense.39. Liberties in conversation that pass the bounds of

good nature, honesty, and respect, degenerate into

scurrility, scandal, and ill manners. 40. Respect and complaisance forbid rallying the

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fair sex ; and for theirs to rally ours, is exposing

themselves to blunt repartees. 41. Persons of merit ought not to be rallyed, even

though some defect could be perceived amongst their vertues, because no mortal is perfect.

Young people should be spared, lest they be discouraged from coming into company of their betters—Want of experience pleads indulgence for

our first slips. 43 Old

age is too venerable for raillery, and should be reverenced. 44. To laugh at deformed persons is inhumane, it

not impious ; we are not our own carvers : what perfection the best have, is not the effect of their own care, but of divine goodness.

The unfortunate are subjects of compassion, not of raillery. 46. Raillery is only proper when it comes with a good

grace, in a manner which both pleases and instructs. 47. That which stirs up our Laughter, most com

monly excites our contempt; to please, and to

make merry, are two very different talents. 48.

Drolls and Buffoons, whilst they think to make sport for others, commonly become laughing-stocks

themselves, to all but those who pity them. 49.

He who thinks he is by his dignity above a jest,



and will not take a repartee, ought not to banter

others. 50. Scomms and derision unbridle fear, and make

the peasant brave the prince. 51. Augustus seeing one like himself, asked him, in

scoff, if his mother was never at Rome; the lad

answer'd, no, but my father was. 52. Utter nothing that may leave any ungrateful

impression, or give the least umbrage of a spiteful

intent. 53 He whose jests make others afraid of his wit,

had need be afraid of their memory. 54. It's more grievous to be ridicul'd than beaten.

Contempt pierces to the quick, and revenge stops at nothing; it hardens men into a brutal despising of death, so that they may see their enemies fall in company.

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55. Son. A Critic, wise enough, in his own con

ceit, to correct the magnificat, pretending to exquisite niceness, censur'd Cicero for being too

verbose, and Virgil for using rustic language. 56.

His large stock of ill-nature, and the malicious pleasure he took in fault-finding, made him never look upon any thing, but with a design of passing

sentence upon it. 57. Plato he told us, in a decisive tone, was neither

fertile nor copious--Aristotle neither solid nor substantial - Theophrastus neither smooth nor agreeable.



58. That Voiture was dull–Corneille a stranger to

the passions-Racine starch'd and affectedMoliere jejune - Boileau little better than

plagiary. 59. That Shakespear wanted manners-Ben. Johnson

a pedant-Congreve a laborious writerGarth but an indifferent imitator of Boileau. 60. That Dryden's Absolom and Achitophel wanted

vigour of thought, purity of language, and aptness and propriety of expression ; nor were many of the elisions to be allow'd, or accents and pauses

duly observed. 61. An instance being required, Criticone, who

had only dipp'd into that poem, scratched his head, and fell a cursing his memory.

Father. By a Critic was originally understood a good judge ; but now, with us, it signifies no more than an unmerciful fault-finder, two steps above

a fool, and a great many below a wiseman. 63. The laws of civility oblige us to commend what,

in reason, we cannot blame.-Men should allow others excellencies, were it but to preserve a

modest opinion of their own. But 64. It's the distemper of wou'd-be-thought-wits,

with an envious curiosity to examine, censure, and vilify others works, as if they imagin'd it gave 'em


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