The Politics of Ethnicity in Ethiopia: Actors, Power and Mobilisation Under Ethnic Federalism
Most governments in Africa, seeing the political mobilisation of ethnicity as a threat, have rejected the use of ethnic differences as an explicit basis for political representation. The one prominent exception is Ethiopia, which since 1991 has imposed a system of ethnic-based federalism that offers each ethnic group the right of ‘self-determination’. This book provides a detailed empirical study of this system at work in the complex multiethnic environment of southern Ethiopia. It finds that ethnic self-rule, in combination with the power politics of an authoritarian regime, has produced both intended and unintended outcomes. While arguably easing large-scale ethnic conflicts, it has led to ‘ethnicisation’ of local socioeconomic disputes and to sharper inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic divides, often to the disadvantage of historically marginalised groups.
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The Limits of Institutions in Multiethnic Societies
Federalism the Ethiopian Way
The Sidama and the Wolayta
Implementing SelfDetermination in a South Ethiopian Context
The Formation of Parties in Sidama and Wolayta
The Persistence of Discriminatory Practices under Ethnic Federalism
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Abate Kisho Abaya actors Addis Ababa Amhara Amharic language approach to ethnicity argued Awassa ayle Bilate River central centralised chapter Chiatti claim communities conflict Constitution context created cultural Dale woreda Dawro Derg Derg’s dominant elders elections elite EPRDF Ethiopian federation ethnic federalism ethnic groups ethnic identities ethnic political mobilisation ethnic-based farm federal system Gamo hadicho Haile Selassie hierarchies higher clans hillancha historical Hizea House of Federation Humbo idir institutional interview issue kawona kebele Lake Abaya land language leaders liberation luwa marginalised groups Meles Zenawi Menelik’s multiethnic neighbours North Omo northern officials opposition organisation party’s pastoralists People’s Democratic policies regional government resettlement ruling party SEPDM SHPDO Sidama and Wolayta Sidama zone slaves SNNPRS social society Soddo songo southern Ethiopia Southern region struggle subgroups Tigrayan Tigre Malla tion TPLF traditional traditionally Wogagoda Wolayta and Sidama Wolayta zone wollabicho Yemericho Zuria