The Politics of Ethnicity in Ethiopia: Actors, Power and Mobilisation Under Ethnic Federalism

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Lovise Aalen
BRILL, 22.06.2011 - 214 Seiten
Most governments in Africa, seeing the political mobilisation of ethnicity as a threat, have rejected the use of ethnic differences as an explicit basis for political representation. The one prominent exception is Ethiopia, which since 1991 has imposed a system of ethnic-based federalism that offers each ethnic group the right of ‘self-determination’. This book provides a detailed empirical study of this system at work in the complex multiethnic environment of southern Ethiopia. It finds that ethnic self-rule, in combination with the power politics of an authoritarian regime, has produced both intended and unintended outcomes. While arguably easing large-scale ethnic conflicts, it has led to ‘ethnicisation’ of local socioeconomic disputes and to sharper inter-ethnic and intra-ethnic divides, often to the disadvantage of historically marginalised groups.
 

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Inhalt

The Limits of Institutions in Multiethnic Societies
1
Federalism the Ethiopian Way
25
The Sidama and the Wolayta
55
Implementing SelfDetermination in a South Ethiopian Context
95
The Formation of Parties in Sidama and Wolayta
109
The Persistence of Discriminatory Practices under Ethnic Federalism
127
Chapter Seven Identities or Resources at Stake? Controversies on National SelfDetermination in Sidama and Wolayta
147
The Facets of Ethnic Federalism
179
References
195
Index
203
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Über den Autor (2011)

Lovise Aalen, Ph.D. (2008) in Political Science, University of Oslo, is Senior Researcher at Chr. Michelsen Institute, Norway. Her other publications include a wide scope of studies of Ethiopian politics, among them "Ethiopia since the Derg: A decade of Democratic Pretentions and Performance" (co-editor; Zed Books 2002).

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