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correspondents would furnish particulars as to the L’Abbe.” He was a married man, and left issue phases through which the railway ticket has passed. in 1207. This is an instance of how the title beQuery when the present card tickets were first came perpetuated as a surname. See my tract on introduced ?

J. ELIOT HODGKIN. Ecclesiastical Surnames.' Richmond-on-Thames.

J. T. ABBOTT (retired F.S.A. Scot.).

Chelsworth House, Darlington. STEELE AND THE CHARTERHOUSE.—At p. 322 of the 'Report on the Earl of Dartmouth's Collection, THREE SOVEREIGNS IN ONE YEAR. — It has just published by the Historical MSS. Commission, been our privilege, with the whole civilized world, mention is made of the candidature of Sir Richard to watch with admiring sympathy the combination Steele for the Mastership of the Charterhouse, of heroism, fortitude, and sublime patience manivacant by the death of Dr. Thomas Burnet, author fested so simply and unostentatiously by the short of the ‘Sacred Theory of the Earth. As this inci. and suffering reign of the Emperor Frederick II. dent does not seem to be mentioned by most of Perhaps the rare fact of three sovereigns occupying Steele’s biographers, it may be worth while to call the same throne in succession in one year may attention to a letter from Steele himself on the deserve a record in 'N. & Q. If we except the subject to Mrs. Clayton, dated October 14, 1715, five days’ royalty of the baby king“ Jean premier," and printed in Mrs. Thomson's 'Memoirs of Vis- which intervened betwen the reigns of Louis X. countess Sundon,' second edition, vol. i. p. 53. and Philippe V., and the nominal reign of two Steele writes :

months of the young Prince Edward V., which " I will not proceed in the affair of the Charterhouse, intervened between Edward IV. and Richard III., except I have the direct promise of the majority; though we must, I think, go back more than 800 years for a had I not been influenced, as I am now, with the most like occurrence. In the terrible year 1066, when entire resignation to the rule you have given me, I should two great battles were fought on English soil, have taken a pleasure to perplex those who have a great three kings—all

, strangely enough, not only of mind to be artful, and of whom Providence has taken 80 great care, that it will not let them be anything at all, if different families but almost of different races, they are not honest, I sincerely assure you, that I do for Harold II. was at least half a Danenot seek this station upon any other lien but to do good occupied the throne in succession. The Confessor to others; and if I do not get it, you will see my op: died on January 5, and was buried the next dayposers repent that they would not let me be humble; for the Feast of the Epiphany—at his new Abbey of i shall then think myself obliged to show them what place among mankind I am really in, and how useful I Westminster, only “hallowed on Childermas-day can be to the family to whose service I have devoted my Dec. 28.”. Immediately after the funeral of King life and fortune."

Edward, Harold was crowned at Westminster ; bis C. E. DOBLE.

short reign terminated on October 14, the date of Oxford.

the battle of Hastings, or Senlac. William of ABBOTT Family: Armorial.-The following Normandy was crowned in the same abbey and by coat (unrecorded in any heraldic work) may be the same prelate who had crowned his rival on useful to your heraldic readers to add to their

Christmas Day in the same year.

C. G. BOGER. armories. It is also interesting as being the only

St. Saviour's, Southwark. example of such a bearing (that I am acquainted with), except the Penner and inkhorn brass. ORDER AGAINST GAMES.—The following is from Gales (!), a chevron between three ink our forthcoming edition of Vicary's 'Anatomie':horns (?) or, impaled on the brass of Sir Walter

1554. Order against May Games, Stage Plays, &c., in Mauntell, Knt., in Nether Heyford Church, North- London Streets.* amptonshire, for Elizabeth his wife, one of the (Journal 16, leaf 287, back, between 19 April and 22 May, daughters and heirs of John Abbot, Esq., 1487.

1 Mary, A.D. 1554.) In 15 Henry VI. (1436) there is a grant recorded My lorde Mayre, and his brethern the Aldermen of of the manors of Overcourt and Nethercourt, in this our moste drade and most benygne souerayn Ladie Daventry and Heyford, Northamptonshire, from the Quenes Citie and Chambret of London, on her hignes John Abbot, Esq., to Walt Mauntell

. It has long maner of person or persones do in any wyse from hens

behalf, do straightlye charge and commande, that no been a doubt in my mind whether the pears worn furthe make, prepare, or set furthe, or cause to be made by the Suffolk Abbots and Archbishop Abbot are or set furthe, eny maner of mayegames or moryce not corruptions of the ancient inkhorns.

dawnce, or eny enterludes or Stage playes, or sett vpp Another interesting and unrecorded (heraldic- ny maner of maye pole, or bucler playeng, in any opyn ally) Abbot coat is from the Abbaye de Gauffern, of eny people within the said Citie or the lib[er]ties

streat or place, or sounde eny drume for the gatheringe in Normandy, where we have a charter with the seal of “Ralph the Abbot”-viz., a knight in

* This Order implies, what we know is the fact, that armour, bearing a shield on his left arm, with two these Games and Plays had gone on in the streets or croziers in pale and a sword in his right hand, open

places. Vicary must have seen some such.

† The Chamberlain's office or Treasury says Dr. Sharpe: surrounded by the legend "Sigillum : Radulfi the City of London was called the King's chamber.


therof! And also, yf any suche maye pole be alredie Louise, Victoria, and Maud. It may be rememlatelie set vpp in any opon place within the Citie or bered that Sydney Smith invented a new name, lib[er]ties therof, that then the parisheners of the parishe where eny and eueryo suche maye pole ys set Sabe, for his daughter (Memoirs,' vol. i. p. 22). vpp, shall cause the same, withe convenient speade, to be I once invented a name, Mareli, which was intaken downe agayne/& no longre suffre them theare to tended as an amalgam of the names Mary Elizastande, not only vppon payne of ymprisonement, but also beth. I did this for the purposes of a little story, vpon suche further payne as the said lorde Mayor & in which the father of the baby girl has asked two Aldremen shall thinke meate and convenient/

God save the quene!

wealthy maiden aunts to be the two godmothers; 1557. The xxx day of May was a goly (goodly or and he proposes to call the baby Mary Elizabeth, jolly] Maygam in Fanch-chyrche strett, with drumes after the respective Christian names of the two and gunes and pykes ; and ix wordes (The Nine Worthies] aunts. Miss Mary Ricketts consents to this, and dyd ryd; and they had speches, evere man; and the promises to give her godchild a handsome present, morris dansse, and the sauden (Sultan), and a elevant Miss Elizabeth Meagrim will do the same, provided with the castyll; and the sauden and yonge morens [Moors] with targattes and darttes; and the Lord and that the baby is named Elizabeth Mary instead of the Lade of the Maye.'-Macbya's Diary, 1550-63, Mary Elizabeth. Miss Ricketts will not yield; p. 137, ed. 1848.

and at last the father finds a way out of the diffiThere are many Acts of Common Council against culty by inventing the amalgam Mareli, with which interludes, plays, &c. PERCY FURNIVALL. combination the two aunts are satisfied. This little Miss FootE, THE Famous ACTRESS. — The Carate of Cranston, with other Prose and Verse,'

tale was published in a six-sbilling volume, 'The following has been a piece of club history for the by Cuthbert Bede (Saunders, Otley & Co., 1862). last forty or fifty years, and distinguished men In the obituary of the Times, April 2, 1870, apnow living could be mentioned who love to tell it peared the following ;still. Miss Foote, the celebrated actress, had

“On the 30th ult, at Eastbourne Priory, near Midbecome the wife of Lord Harrington. Queen hurst, Mary Elizabeth (Mareli), third daughter of Adelaide having objected to this lady attending Francis and Martha Tallant, in hér ninth year. her Court, Lord Harrington waited upon the I conclude that the parents had read my story, and Premier, and very clearly conveyed his intention called their child Mareli as a pet name. of opposing the Reform Bill if such invidious exclu

CUTHBERT BEDE. sion should be extended to his wife. The threat told, and the Bill received Lord Harrington's sup- the many hackneyed quotations in use in political

THE VERIFICATION OF QUOTATIONS.-Among port. For half a century this story has obtained cur- matters is the well-known saying of Gustavus rency. Just as a counterfeit should be nailed when detected, it may be well to say that, inquiry having the little wisdom with which the world is

Adolphus's great Chancellor Oxenstjerna as to been made in the House of Lords, there is no evidence that Lord Harrington was present at any it as follows: “Nescis, mi fili, quam parvâ

governed.” Coleridge, in his "Table Talk,' quotes stage of the Reform Bill, viz., second reading, sapientiâ regitur mundus." Struck by the bad April 13, 1832; committee, May 7, 21, 22, 23, 24, Latinity of this, I had recourse to Chambers's and 30; report, June 1; third reading, June 4. The Cyclopædia,' and there I found it, "Nescis, mi Lords' Journals contain lists of the peers present on each day that the House sits ; and, so far as I fili, quantillâ prudentiâ homines regantur." Still can discover, Lord Harrington did not come to the unsatisfied, I consulted a distinguished friend, who House at all. Lady Ashley, who was lady-in-wait-Geflügelte Worte,' and there it ran, “Quantula

turned to a little German book of quotations, ing to Queen Adelaide and wife of the Vice-Chamberlain, denies that the countess in question was ever wards he lighted on a Latin essay of his own, when

sapientiâ regatur orbis.” But a day or two afterpresented at Court. "Lord Harrington invariably an undergraduate at Balliol College, Oxford, and

“ voted with the Tories," says Lord Sydney, to whom found yet another version, “I puer, nescis quan; the question was referred. This inquiry is one of many which the editing of O'Connell's correspond- and this reading was endorsed as correct by his

tulâ sapientiâ res orbis terrarum administrentur,” ence—soon, I hope, to appear-rendered necessary. tutor, an accomplished scholar, now a dignitary of

W. J. FirzPATRICK, F.S.A. Garrick Club,

the Church. I applied to one of the masters at

Eton, an undoubted authority, and he gave me LOUVIMA, A NEW CHRISTIAN NAME.-It is stated quite another rendering; and again another was in the newspapers—but it may not be correct; for, at hand, in which the variation was "gubernetur as Theodore Hook said to the credulous old lady, mundus.” Six various readings lay before me, Those rascally newspapers will say anything "- each one backed by an extremely respectable that Sir Francis Knollys, private secretary to authority. I determined to hunt it to its source, H.R.H. the Prince of Wales, has named his first and this 'Geflügelte Worte' informed me was born Louvima, which is an ingenious amalgam of Lundblad's 'Svensk Plutarch. I searched the the names of the three daughters of the Prince - Bodleian. The book was not there. Then the

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Library of the British Museum. They had portions in any of our numerous quotations for the word. Can of it, but not that I wanted. Then, through a any one say what was the nature of the vehicle friend, I invoked the aid of a Swedish scholar, called a chaise-marine, which is often mentioned Dr. H. Hagelin, wbo, at my instance, consulted during last century, and appears (1823) in 4 Geo. IV., first the library at Upsala, and finally ran it to c. 95 $ 19, “Nothing...... in......this Act......shall earth in the Royal Library at Stockholm; and any chaise-marine, coach, landau, here it appears in a different version from any of berlin”? (To anticipate ingenious suggestions, it is the preceding : Lundblad, “Svensk Plutark II.,' perhaps desirable to say that it was not a bathingStockholm, 1826, p. 95, “An nescis, mi fili, quan- coach.) Reply direct, please. tillâ prudentiâ regitur orbis.”

J. A. H. MURRAY. Wise was the remark of Dr. Routh, the late Oxford, venerable President of Magdalen, that he spent the last of his declining years “in verifying quota. and Fable," are pennies paid at the cathedral of

CHAD PENNIES, according to Brewer, 'Dict. P. tions.” But here the question will arise, Was it Lichfield, dedicated to St. Chad, on Whit Sunday, Dr. Routh who said this ; and did he express him in aid of the repairs. I should be glad to receive self in exactly these words ?

authentication or illustration of this statement, for JOHN RICE BYRNE,

which no authority is given. Also of the origin

of chad farthings, referred to by Halliwell (for Queries.

which we have one authentic quotation). We must request correspondents desiring information

J. A. H. MURRAY, on family matters of only private interest, to affix their

Oxford. names and addresses to their queries, in order that the answers may be addressed to them direct.

EGOTISM.-Littré, s.v. "Égotisme," says that the

origin of the intrusive t is a question for English CHAFFER.— Trench, in his Select Glossary scholars

. It would appear, however, that the word (ed. 1859, p. 32), says, “To chaffer is now to talk is really of French origin, for Addison, in Spectator, much and idly"; and Webster, Ogilvie, Cassell, &c., No. 562 (1714), says, “The Gentlemen of Port have this sense on the authority of Trench. 'Buł Royal.....branded this form of writing (in the first no examples of chaffer=chatter, jabber, have been person] with the name of an Egotism ; a figure not sent in by the readers for the Dictionary. Can to be found among the ancient rhetoricians." I any reader of ‘N. & Q.’inform me where the word to is to be found ; it does not appear to occur in

should be glad to learn where the passage referred is so used ?

J. A. H. MURRAY. Oxford.

any of the Port Royal treatises known to me.

The inserted t is presumably due to the analogy CHALLIS.—Can any one give me information as of some rhetorical or grammatical term, possibly to the name and origin of this fabric of silk and idiotisme; but perhaps the context of the passage worsted ? If Mr. Beck is right in the 'Drapers' in which the word first appears would settle the Dictionary,' that it was first introduced at Nor- question as to its formation. wich about 1832, one suspects that the name is

HENRY BRADLEY. the common English surname Challis. Some im- 11, Bleisho Road, Lavender Hill, S.W. provement seems to have been made on it in France in 1838, and I believe the name commonly throw light on the following difficulty?

MACREADY. - Can any of your contributors

In the passes as French, and is pronounced shally. So, first line of his Reminiscences,' Macready states at least, says Webster and English dictionaries which copy him. But Littré (who gives it in his that he was born in "Mary Street, Tottenham supplement only as challis

, chaly, chalys) knew Court Road, 3rd March, 1793.” Now, I can find

, po French origin for the word, and in French it po evidence that there ever was such a street. It looks rather like the English word adapted. Where is not shown in either the 1787 or the 1797 edition Webster (and his English copiers aforesaid) found of Cary's New and Accurate Plan of London and that there is a French word chaly, meaning

Westminster,' which gives this district in great

a fabric of goats' hair,” I cannot discover. Can any London and Westminster' (1799), which professes

detail, nor in Horwood's Plan of the Cities of one help me? We also want quotations before to show not only every street but every house 1849. Can Norwich correspondents help?


Some biographical notices give“ Charles Street, Oxford.

Fitzroy Square," as Macready's birthpl There

is, as every one knows, a Charlotte Street, FitzCA AISE-LONGUE: CHAISE-MARINE.—In a modern roy Square, but the nearest Charles Street is the dictionary I find the first of these entered as chaise- continuation of Goodge Street, which scarcely lounge (as a kind of " lounge ”). I should be glad comes within the Fitzroy Square region. Macto know whether this is a current vulgar corruption, ready's parents seem to have been domiciled in or merely a slip of the writer. It does not appear the parish of St. Pancras, for his sister, Letitia

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Margaret, was baptized at the parish church vain run through over fifty histories of the SorDecember 9, 1794 (born December 4), and he bonne and the Paris University in the hope of himself was baptized at the same church Janu- coming across the desired information. The former ary 21, 1796. The date of his birth is given in chapel was dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary the register as March 3, 1792, but this is doubtless on Oct. 21, 1347, St. Ursula's Day, hence the an error, as his own and all other testimony goes patronage of St. Ursula, under which it was placed. against it. The parish of St. Pancras, if I am not

J. A. RANDOLPH. mistaken, includes only a small portion of the 3, Walton Street, Lennox Gardens, S.W. Tottenham Court Road district, and does not include Charles Street. I am inclined to conjecture

HENRY IV. AND MARY DE BOHUN.—Can any that he was born in Charlotte Street, and that he one inform me in what year the Earl of Derby, himself confounded two female names, while his afterwards King Henry IV., carried off his wife, biographer mixed up “ Charles” and “ Charlotte." Mary de Bobun, from the custody of her brother

I am also unable to discover his mother's in-law, the Earl of Gloucester, at Pleshy ? maiden name. Her Christian names, according

C. P. W. to the St. Pancras register, were Christina Ann. CONFUCIUS.- The holy Kong-fu-tse, it is said, Perhaps her tombstone in Sheffield, where she being asked by his disciples, at the conclusion of died December 3, 1803, may give it.

one of his lectures, whether the whole duty of man WILLIAM ARCHER.

could be expressed in one word, answered, CerLETTING THE LIGHTNING OUT. In this part tainly; Shoo contains the whole duty of man.” I of Yorkshire it is considered prudent during a consult Morrison's ‘ Dictionary,' vol. ii., under the thunderstorm to leave the house door open, in sixty-first Radical, p. 144, and I find, "Shoo, to order to enable the lightning to get out if it should treat others as one would like to be treated oneself.” come in. Is this superstition general ?

Can some obliging Sinologue tell me anything more

ISAAC TAYLOR. about the meaning of this exceedingly interesting Settrington.

monosyllable ?

A. R. [The notion is widespread.]

BISHOP Hugo LLOYD.-I have a sketch made Eliza JANE CONROY.— I have a small volume, by the late Rev. C. Boutell from a mural slab bearon the title of which is written, To Eliza Jane ing a monumental brass in the ante-chapel of New Conroy, from her very sincere friend, Victoria, College, Oxford. The arms on the shield on this 1837."

Who was Eliza Jane Conroy? Is she brass are Quarterly, 1 and 4...a chev... between still living? I find that a Sir John Conroy was three dolphins embowed, those in chief affrontés... Equerry to the Duchess of Kent in 1830. Was 2 and 3...a chev... between three fleurs de lis... this young lady his daughter ?. Can any one give The inscription appended is “Hugo Lloydus, Episme information as to Her Majesty's early friend-copus Roffensis, 1601.” Who was this? No ship with Miss Conroy ?

H. F. H.

bishop of this name appears, so far as I can find, Bishops JACKSON AND LLOYD, OF OXFORD. in the list of Bishops of Rochester ; and although What is known of William Jackson during his there was a Bishop of Llandaff of the name, it was three years' episcopate ? I know the story of the nearly a century later. The first quarter of the see being offered to him on the recommendation of arms is not known to me as a coat of Lloyd, but his brother Cyril

, who had just declined it, “Try the second, with varying tinctures, is a not very Will, he'll take it”; and Bishop Wilberforce uncommon bearing of several Welsh families.

John WOODWARD. speaks of him as unlike the great Dean in everything."

Montrose, N.B. Of Bishop Lloyd, 1827-1829, though the tutor of TITLE OF BOOK OF Hymns.-Can any of your Keble, Pusey, Newman, and others of that band, readers tell us the title of a book of hymns to God there seems to be no account extant. He is and the saints that were, and, we believe, still are, casually mentioned in the 'Reminiscences of Oriel' sung by the French peasantry? We have a distinct and the 'Diocesan History, but that is all. As knowledge that there is such a book, but after he seems to have moulded the minds of those many inquiries have failed to ascertain its title. who started the Oxford movement, is it not singular

N. M. AND A. that no memoir of him should exist ? E. L. H. TEw, M.A.

CertifAGO, OR SERTIFAGO.-In the very inteHornsea Vicarage, East Yorkshire.

resting ‘Calendar of the Tavistock Parish Records,'

printed last year, these words are quoted as occurTHE SORBONNE. - Where can a description of ring on various occasions in the accounts for the the old chapel of the Sorbonne be found? The year 1538/9. The editor takes them to be equivalent accounts of the church now standing as built by to "grave”; but I should like to ask if your readers Cardinal Richelieu are numerous ; but I have in can furnish any similar instances of the use of the



word in this way, and whether there is not some servants of kings and queens, apparently steady, restriction to be understood as implied by it in re- faithful people, who remained long in their offices. gard to the kind of grave or burial-place intended.

S. F. O, I give two of the entries on p. 17 of the receipt by the wardens of the parish church of tell me who were the six friends of King Charles

DEATH OF CHARLES I.-Can any of your readers Tavistock :

who attended him to the scaffold, and what was Of Richard Tooker for the grave (sertifago) of his wife the souvenir which he gave to each of these friends ? vje viij«, for cross and bells viija. Of the said Richard If medals, are any of them to be seen in the

British Tooker for an anniversary viij". of the gift of John Glyn for his grave (certifago) or any other museum, and how ?

M. L. L. vi viij', for cross and bells xijd. They are indisputably connected with burials ; WESTMORLAND DIALECT.-At the end of A but an entry (in English) of a later date mentions, True Story of the Terrible Knitters e' Dent,' which “Receugd of Stephen a Bourne for his pytte and forms interchapter xxiv. of Southey's 'Doctor,' the palle, vie x4," so I venture to suggest that some- vol. vii. p. 94, is a note by the editor :thing special was intended by the use of “certi- “ There was another comical History intended for an fago."

W. S. B. H. Interchapter to the 'Doctor,' &c., of a runaway match to

Gretna Green by two people in humble life, but it was ROCKALL.—This little point of land, or rather not handed over to me with the MS, materials. It was stone, rises from a submerged plateau far away in taken down from the mouth of the old woman who was the Atlantic in about the latitude of the middle of sixty or seventy years."

one of the parties, and it would probably date back some the Hebrides. It appears in most modern maps Is anything known as to the present whereabouts with any pretension to detail, but I do not know of this MS.? It is not unlikely to be among Wordswhere to find any account of it. I wish some one worth's papers. Has Prof. Knight seen anything would answer the following questions: (1) Who

of it ?

Q. v. was its discoverer ? (2) What is its geological structure ? (3) Where shall I find a detailed de- AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED.scription of it


Love and sorrow twins were born

On a sunny show'ry morn; SERVANTS TO KINGS AND QUEENS : STAPLE

'Twas in pride of April weather FORD : FOUKE.—In St. Paul's Walden Church,

When it rained and shone together. Herts, is a small monument with two kneeling

HERBERT MAXWELL. figures between pilasters and under a pediment;

'Twas my blade and the following inscription appears beneath the

That knighthood on thy shoulder laid,

T. A. N. figures :

"Nigh to this place ly interred ye bodies of Henry Stapleford Gent., and Dorothy his wife. The said Henry

Replies. was servant to Queene Elizabeth King James and King Charleg vntill ye time of his death, and departed this lite

MARK LEMON. y xxxth of May Ano. Dni. 1631 and aged 76 yeares,” &c.

(7th S. v. 386, 478.) The arms on the shield under the pediment are given by Cussans as “Gyronny of twelve argent | Walford and H. G. K., it would seem to be a settled

In the light of the information afforded by MR. and sable.” In the register of burials for “ 1631, fact that Mark Lemon was not born at Hendon, 31 Mai,” is the entry of “Henry Stapleforde Yeo

but in the neighbourhood of Oxford Street, though man Bá Guarde to Queen Elizabeth King James at that point the authorities diverge, one asserting B.R. [sic]." Can any reader of ‘N. & Q.' help me that the name borne by him was assumed, the to any contemporary mention of Henry Staple- other that there was never any change, and further, ford ?

that his ancestors bearing that name are actually In Flamstead Church, Herts, about eight miles buried in Hendon churchyard, his father's Chrisin a straight line from St. Paul's Walden, is a tian name being Martin. There are members of monument generally similar to that in memory of

a family of Lemon buried at Hendon, as I menHenry Stapleford and his wife... Below a small tioned in a former communication, and, curiously effigy of a knight in armour kneeling at a desk is enough, the earliest of these is “Mr. Martin the following inscription :

Lemon," who died January 21, 1818, aged thirty“ Here lyeth the body of Sr Bartholomew Foyke, Knt, two, and in the same grave is interred “Mr. whoe served Kinge Edward, Queene Marye, and was Mi of the Household to Queen Elizabeth for many yeares, George Mark Lemon,” who died November 29, and to King James that now is; in memorye of whose 1831, aged thirty-seven. The adjoining grave vertuous lyfe (worthy eternall remembrance), Edward contains the remains of “Mr. Mark Lemon," who Fovke, gent, his brother, hath erected this monument. died December 12, 1820, aged sixty-three, and Obiit xixo Julii, 1604. Ætat, suæ 69."

“Mrs. Grace Lemon, wife of the above," who died I should be glad to find some mention of these | October 5, 1823, aged 63. What relation were

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