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with reverence and the rites of the Church provided mentioned by MR. MARSHALL. It utterly forbad for him. Had he neglected to do this, I make no usury by Jews, but one of its provisions was that doubt that he would have incurred ecclesiastical they should live “in the King's own cities and

A pauper's funeral, such as we read of Boroughs where the Chest of Chirographs of Jewry in books, and such as I have myself witnessed, are wont to be," and another permitted them to would have shocked the feelings of the men and buy houses and farms, and hold them for fifteen women of the Middle Ages, much as certain years. Milman explains that, usury being forheathen death customs do ours. Now that we bidden by this statute, with the object of forcing have a rural police, the duty of caring for dead the Jews to engage in ordinary traffic, they were bodies of this kind usually falls on them ; but I not satisfied with so comparatively unprofitable cannot doubt that if the policeman were to neglect a pursuit, but betook themselves to clipping the his duty the churchwarden would be bound, in coin, &c., on account of which practices the whole virtue of his office, to intervene.

of the Jews in the kingdom were arrested on one EDWARD PEACOCK. day. For the account of the treatment they re

ceived from the people and from the king, until STAFFORD HOUSE (7th S. v. 447).-The follow the time when that ill-treatment culminated in ing passage from Don Manoel Gonzales's Voyage their expulsion from the kingdom, I would refer to Great Britain, containing an Account of Eng. to the pages of Milman (immediately following land and Scotland,' may interest MR. WARD :

p. 258, already referred to), only remarking that “ That part of the town which is ly called the in relation to Milman's description of the effect of city of Westminster contains no more than St. Mar- the Act there must have been some mistake in the garet's and St. John's parishes, which form a triangle; reference, as will be seen on reading the

passage one side whereof extends from Whiteball to Peterborough House on Millbank; another side reaches from Peter again.

W. S. B. H. borough House to Stafford House, or Tart Hall, at the west end of the Park; and the third side extends from STEEL Pens (7th S. v. 285, 397, 496). —MR. Stafford House to Whitehall; the circumference of the DOBLE repeats, word for word, the passage from whole being about two miles."

Dr. Jessopp's Autobiography of Roger North' G. F. R. B.

which I quoted in N. & Q.' last year, on Oct. 15. The approximate date, though not the exact

J. Dixon. year, of the demolition of Tart Hall can be found in Old and New London,' by comparing vol. iv.

Death BELL (7th S. v. 348, 417).—The Ettrick p. 25 and vol. v. p. 47. MUS IN URBE.

Shepherd, with characteristic quickness of percep

tion regarding what touched the supernatural, THE STUDY OF DANTE IN ENGLAND (7th S. v. utilized the popular superstition about the death 85, 252, 431, 497).—MR. BOUCHIER is right in bell in his ‘Mountain Bard.' According to him, saying that Coleridge considered 'Guy Manner- however, the actual ringing of a bell is not indising' and Old Mortality' the best of Scott's novels. pensable in the process, but a mere singing in the At least, we have the authority of the Table ears is an adequate cause :Talk' for this assertion, for on the second page of "By the dead bell she says) is meant a tinkling in the that work we read, “I think ‘Old Mortality and ears, which our peasantry in the country regard as a 'Guy Mannering' the best of the Scotch novels." secret intelligence of some friend's decease. Thus this How ardent an admirer of Scott Coleridge was

natural occurrence strikes many with a superstitious

awe." we may infer from the following declaration, which

He nen is likewise to be found in the Table Talk ':

ates an anecdote showing how he

prevented his two maidservants from going out “When I am very ill indeed, I can read Scott's novels, one night after they had expressed their intention and they are almost the only books I can then read... of paying a visit at a distance contrary to his wish. cannot at such times read the Bible ; my mind reflects He secretly made a sound with a drinking-glass, on it, but I can't bear the open page.'

WILLIAM SUMMERS.

and then listened as the girls told each other that

they had heard the dead-bell, and agreed that on THE EXPULSION OF THE Jews By EDWARD I. no account they would venture over the threshold (7th S. v. 328, 492). -I am obliged to the various that night. “I would not go for all the world,” correspondents whose replies are given at the latter said the more demonstrative of the two. “I shall reference. It seems probable that there really was warrant it is my poor brother Wat. Who knows Do Act passed expressly decreeing the expulsion what these wild Irishes may have done to him?" of the Jews. I may point out that the Statute of In 'Marmion,' III. xiii., Scott introduces the superJewry, to which I am referred by the Rev. E. MAR- stition with striking effect in connexion with the BHALL, does not contain any such provision. It is troubled and restless mood of his hero. After given in the 'Statutes of the Realm,' at the refer- Fitz-Eustace sings his significant song of doom, ence mentioned, by Lingard, and its enactments Marmion and the Palmer bring matters to a point are well summarized by Milman, on the very page in these terms :

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“Is it not strange, that, as ye sung,

(7th 8. v. 469.) Seem'd in mine ear a death-peal rung,

0, utinam mores, &c.
Such as in nunneries they toll

Are not the lines referred to by MR, F. F. MOLINI E
For some departing sister's soul!
Say what may this portend I"-

misquotation (possibly owing to an error of the press)

from Martial,' book x. epigram xxxii, ?-
Then firet the Palmer silence broke
(The livelong day he had not spoke),

Ars utinam mores, animumque effingere posset,
“The death of a dear friend."

Pulchrior in terris nulla tabella foret,

which may be thus translated :Scott refers to Hogg in his note on the passage. Could limner's hand the mind and mann draw,

THOMAS BAYNE. The world a fairer picture never saw. A. C. S. Helensburgh, N.B.

No thought of sorrow, &c. Before I had heard anything about this super- Would this quotation from Goethe's · Faust' do for Me stition I had noticed on every occasion when I had T. R. PRICE's query? Prologue :been called to be many days near a death-bed that

Gieb ungebäudigt jeue Triebe, I heard the sound of a bell or clock which was

Das tiefe Schmerzenvolle Glück,

Des Hasses Kraft, die macht der Liebe, certainly not that of any in the house.

"A sure

Gieb meine Jugend neir zurück! sign of a death,” I was afterwards told by more Miss Swanwick’s translation :than one person, though whether they were of Give me unquelled those impulses to prove ;Scotch extraction or not I cannot now remember. Rapture so deep, its ecstasy was pain, I have since convinced myself that some bell or

The power of bate, the energy of love, clock next door, whose sound at other times one

Give me, oh, give me, back my youth again!

E, C. HULE. had not noticed, became audible during an hour of extra quiet and extra strained attention, and I

Octogesimus octavus mirabilis annus. called to mind that I had never been present at a

Lord Verulam, in his ' Essays,' on “Prophecies," has, in death in a detached house, whether here or in reference to the Armada, “ The prediction of Regio

montanus, Italy. Later, agaid, it has more than once happened Octogesimus octavus mirabilis annus, to me to notice a similar “mysterious” sound during was thought likewise accomplished in the sending of that illness when the sick person has not died, though great fleet, being the greatest in strength, though not in I will not say that the recollection of the omen did number, of all that ever swam upon the sea. The eight not give me an unnecessary pang of apprehension, prophetic metrical lines of which this is the third bave for more coincidences happen than can be ac-length. Regiomontanus (or John Müller) whose family

been given in 'N. & Q.,' 3rd S. xi, 476, 6th S. ix. 277, at counted for (6th S. x. 358 ; xi. 118). SEXAGEN- name was the subject of several communications in 342 ARIAN does not tell us (7th S. v. 348) whether the S. iv. 110, 178, 256, 277, was invited to Rome by Sixtus coincidence of a death followed the bell-ringing IV. to assist in the reformation of the calendar. He instance he narrates.

R. H. BUSK.

was bishop designate of Ratisbon by his appointment. 16, Montagu Street, Portman Square.

His death took place at Rome in 1476, when he was of

the age of forty. It is uncertain whether it was by While I am not desirous to alarm a SexAGEN- assassination or sickness. Regiomontanus was famous ARIAN, his question can be answered only in the for his skill in curious mechanism; 8o Sir T. Browno affirmative. The belief that a so-called spontaneous than his eagle?" ("R. M.,' p. 26, with Greenhill's note,

has, Who admires not Regio-Montanus his fly more ringing of a bell is a portentous omen is very far p. 250, Lond., 1881).

ED. MARSHALL, from being peculiar to Scotland, and must, I am

Octogesimus octavus mirabilis annus sure, be known to many readers of ‘N. & Q.' be- is quoted by Lord Bacon in his essay Of Prophecies' as sides myself.

H. J. MOULE.

the prediction of Regiomontanus. Who Regiomontanus Dorchester.

was, or what the occasion of the prediction, I cannot say.

C, S, H. AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (7th S. v.

* (7th S. v, 429, 499.) 389, 518). —

The lines, As for the women, though we scorn and flout 'em,

Our deeds still follow us, &c., We may live with, but cannot live without 'em. ascribed by a correspondent to Miss Evans, are, like many

Dryden, 'The Will,' V. iv. (H. E. Boho). another thing ascribed to her, but a réchauffé by either The above couplet, the first line varied thus,

a halting or plagiaristic memory. In this case it is That, let us rail at women, scorn and flout them, &c.,

doubtless the well-known line in Marc Anthony's speech is in the comedy by F. Reynolds mentioned by the Rev. that is the original. I remember, however, an earlier W. E. BUCKLEY at the latter reference; but instead of réchauffé (?) by Jeremy Taylor, but with an inversion of The Will,' the play is published under the title that it deeds are interred with their bones, it told that they

the second line, for instead of saying that men's good is played under, that of My Grandfather's Will.' The went before them to the throne of God, or some words comedy is in five acts, and Act III. (not V. as above) of similar import.

R, H, Busk. concludes with the couplet, though whether it be the playwright's own or a quotation (it is not marked as one)

(716 S. v. 449, 518.) may be, from the words which precede it, an open ques- Woo comes with manhood, as light comes with day. tion.

FREDK, ROLE.

The lines quoted by T. A. T. at the last reference are (We have been favoured with a copy of 'My Grand- not in Scott's 'Guy Mannering,' but there is a different father's Will,' containing the lines in question. ] version of them by Sir Walter in a 'Lullaby of an In

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fant,' of which the last two lines of the last stanza are lant little Wales " naturally has a fair share of Joneses these :

and Ap Johns, as also of Ap Edward, Ap Ellis, Ap Evan, Then hush thee, my darling, take rest while you may, Ap Richard, Áp Thomas, to say nothing of the AngliFor strife comes with manhood, and waking with day. cized forms of patronymic, Edwards, Evans, Hughes, Seo “Scott's Miscellaneous Poems,' p. 476 in the "Chandos Price, Pritchard, &c. American readers will seize upon Classics" ed., Warne & Co., 1868. FREDK, RULE. Thomas Washington, 1672, and we remark in both volumes

names which may be tracked in other parts of the North (7th 8. vi. 9.)

as well as in that officina gentium, Middlesex. Thus, the Sir John of Hyndford ! 'twas my blade

names of Calveley Calverley), Cokayne, Gerard, Lawton, That knighthood on thy shoulder laid.

Maire, Ratcliffe, Spencer, &c., will be found not only in Scott, 'Lady of the Lake,' v, 27. the Lancashire Inquisitions and Chester Wills, but JONATHAN BOUCHIER.

also in Foster's ' Durham Pedigrees' and in his . Visitation of Middlesex, 1663. The Sir William Cockaine, Knt., Citizen and Alderman of London, from whom

John Dicconson, Gent. (Inq. April 12, 1621, Lanc. Ing.,' Miscellaneous.

p. 233), bad purchased the reversion of lands in Walton

in le Dale, 1618, we take to have been the Sir William NOTES ON BOOKS, &0.

Cockain, of London, Knt., whose daughter Jane married Lancashire Inquisitions. Stuart Period, Part II., James Sheffield, Esq., of Kensington, eldest of the song 12-19 Jas. I. Edited by J. Paul Rylands, F.S.A., of Edmund, Earl of Mulgrave, by his second wife,

Treasurer, Record Society. (Printed for the Society.) Marian, daughter of Sir William Irving (* Vis. Middx. Index to the Wills and Inventories, Court of Probate, 1663,' p. 5). Sir William Cockaine appears also as lord

Chester, 1660-80. With Appendix of " Infra" Wills of the manor of Walton in le Dale (Lanc. Ing.,' p. 156,
(under 402.), Same Period. Edited by J, P. Earwaker, Jan. 13, 1619/20).
F.S.A., Honorary Secretary, Record Society. (Same
Society)

The Story of the Nations.--The Goths, from the Earliest The two volumes now under our notice are both in con.

Times to the End of the Gothic Dominion in Spain, tinuation of previous labours of the same editors in the

By Henry Bradley, (Fisher Unwin.) same useful field, in which both are honourably known. MR. BRADLEY is a man of wide and varied learning, and Of the former volume of 'Lancashire Inquisitions,' Stuart therefore well fitted to deal with a subject which, though Period, Part I., we spoke, at the time of its issue, in the fascinating, is at the same time one of extreme diffiterms which the careful work of Mr. Rylands appeared culty. Wo wish he had not been confined within limits to us to deserve. And we have only now to repeat our

80 Darrow, and that he had been permitted to give referhigh appreciation of such work, when done in the spirit ences to his statements. Although when under Mr. of the Record Society, a spirit which appears thoroughly Bradley's care we know ourselves to be in safe hande, to animate those of its editors whose volumes have from yet in reading his story there has hardly been a page on time to time come before us. The extreme value to which we have not longed to turn to his authorities. genealogists of the two classes of recordo bere dealt with, What was the original home of the Gothic race? Was inquisitions post mortem and wills and administrations, Alaric a mere savage, or had he received with Arianism needs no words of ours to set it in relief. Mr. Earwaker some sort of Christian culture? Is the picture of the tells us that his present volume constitutes an index to great Theodoric a true likeness, or are we dealing with a about eighteen thousand documents. Such a fact speaks fancy portrait, like the Cyrus of Xenophon ? Such ques. for itself, as well as for the society by whose agency it is tions as these cross our minds at every turn in dealing accomplished, and entitles Chancellor Christio and his with this marvellous history. They are queries which able fellow-workers to our best thanks for directing their can never be answered in a way which shall satisfy the energies into these most useful bypaths of historical re. critical intellect. The two preliminary chapters dealing search. Indeed, when we read of the Royalist Com- with the Gothic races before they became historical are position Papers for Lancashire, 1644–52, having already excellent. They condense all the knowledge we have, been transcribed for the society to an extent sufficient and do not confuse the mind with conflicting guesses. for two or three yearly volumes, we feel the interest The picture of Theodoric, too, is really very fine. His and the importance of the work undertaken by the crimes are not glossed over; but the great Arian king, society to be alike national and deserving of national the man who was for years, in all but name, the Emperor recognition. The volumes now before us, though not, of the West, stands before us as a noble barbarian, strivperhaps, likely to be supposed of more than local interest, ing with all his might after the best that he knew. We do, as a matter of fact, illustrate family bistory in every agree with Mr. Bradley in thinking that the murder of part of the United Kingdom. Taking some names at Odovacer has not come down to us with its details cor. random from both volumes, we are able to point to the rectly reported. With him, “we would fain hope that following facts as affirming our position. Thus, Manx. some of the circumstances of treachery and brutality men cannot but have an interest in John Christian, of have been exaggerated.” A cold-blooded murder of a Liverpool, 1687; Anglo-Irish family history may be guest by the hand of one who had so many of the nobler elucidated by John Burton, 1679, and Sarah Bushell, human virtues is at least improbable; and the additional spinster, 1665, both of Dublin, wbile the possible rela horror of the starving of Sunigilda, Odovacer's queen, to tion of the Lancashire and Cheshire Butlers who occur death in prison, one would fain trust is impossible. in the Chester wills to the great Irish house, might be Theodoric was an Arian, and as such he was but too worth investigating. Scottish hearts must warm at the likely to have falsehoods told of him by the orthodox, name of a Bruce and a Douglas, the latter of whom is, On the other hand, we must not measure his days by in the wills, somewhat oddly described, from a Chester ours. In that terrible time which intervened between point of view, as “ of Boston in the North of England.". the fall of the Western empire and its reconstruction by As a matter of latitude, we take Chester to be north of Charles the Great cruelties of the most revolting kind Boston. Besides these, we make a passing note of Cald- were so common that men's minds became hardened, well, Galloway, Lithgoe (i, e., Lithgow), and Sandilands and the good and virtuous seem to have tolerated deeds among names of interest for the Scottish reader. “Galo which our nature sbrinks from now.

Mr. Bradley is so accurate a writer that it is dan-tember following Nicholas writes to the Marquis of Or gerous to call in question any statement of his. We mond that Rosseter was among those who “will now althink, however, we have detected one slip. Speaking of tempt anything for the King to prevent the ruin of the the mission of Pope John I. to Constantinople, to inter- nation.” He was knighted very soon after the Restora. cede with the Eastern emperor for the Arians, he says tion, that “he achieved the distinction of being the only Roman pontiff who ever pleaded with a Catholic monarch A Dictionary of Lowland Scotch. By Charles Mackay,

LL.D. (Wbittaker & Co.) for the toleration of heretics,” Is there not evidence that in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the A HANDY dictionary of Lowland Scotch is necessarily Popes protested against the cruelties towards “ heretics” welcome. Apart from the vexed question of derivation, in Spain?

in regard to which Dr. Mackay speaks with a less assured The lack we suffer from the want of notes presses instances of use which is afforded is in itself of interest

utterance than in some previous works, the collection of upon us heavily when we come to the account of the and value. Under such words as "Sunkets," "Nugget," death of Theodoric. He was buried in a well-known marble tomb in a coffin of porphry, but his remains &c., however, some very startling views are enunciated. were not permitted to rest in peace. As the ashes of a Le Livre for July contains a long and an interesting heretic, they were cast forth, and no one knew wbat notice by M. Eugène A8se of 'Les Bourbons Bibliobecame of them. It 1854, it seeme, a skeleton in golden philes,' which is accompanied by an illustration by M. F. armour was found near the tomb, which there are Courboin containing five members of this illustrious reasons for believing were the bones of the great Goth. family. M. Roger Marx writes on "Les Estampes The golden armour was most of it destroyed, but some originales';

and M. Jean Richepin supplies an appreciaportions of the cuirass were recovered. We should tive criticism of. Toute la Lyre,' by Victor Hugo. much like to be referred to a full account of this inter

The catalogue of Mr. Richard Cameron, 1, St, David esting discovery. We trust the skeleton was preserved.

Street, Edinburgh, contains, among other desiderata, a

curious collection of chap-books and a fine set of ArCalendar of State Papers, Domestic Series, 1659-1660. chaica and Heliconia.

Edited by Mary Anno Everett Green. (Longmans &
Co.)

MR. HENRY FROWDE bas issued specimens of the series This volume includes the transactions of eleven months of reproductions of remarkable MSS, and exceptionally only, a short period, but one fraught with the gravest rare printed books contained in the Bodleian, which he interests to England and to the world. The Common- will shortly publish. The series will be of exceptional wealth, which had seemed so stablo when Oliver was interest and value. ruling, had on his death become unworkable Life was not extinct; but, like & whale stranded on a mud-bank,

A NEw edition of The Chameleon,' Mr. Dunphie's the colossal flounderings only showed the absolute weak delightful volume of essays, is already announced. ness of the organization which had been but a few MR. WM. CUDWORTH, the author of 'Round about months ago all-powerful. Sir George Booth's rising in Bradford,' has written ' A Life and Correspondence of favour of the king was a premature attempt. Booth Abraham Sharp, the Yorkshire Mathematician and was a man of high principle, who, in the early days of Astronomer.' The base of this is found in Sharp's the war, had zealously fought for the Parliament, but he correspondence with Flamsteed. The book will be had come to see, what all England discovered somewhat published by Messrs. Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & later than he, that the present Government was unwork- Rivington. able. He had recourse to arms too soon. The wild ad. venture went very near costing him his life, delayed the Restoration, and may probably have been one of the

Notices to Correspondents. causes why the Parliament consented to receive back the

We must call special attention to the following notices : exiled king without conditions. No one can write an account of these times for the future without consulting address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but

On all communications must be written the name and Mrs. Green's volume at every step in the narrative; but as a guarantee of good faith. it is of value for local as well as for general history. A glance down the columns of the index shows that there

We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. is not an important town of which mention is not made. To secure insertion of communications correspondents For the biography of the men of the Civil War time must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, these pages are simply invaluable. They seem to us to or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the be singularly free from errors and misprints. We have signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to looked out for them carefully, and have found but one. appear, Correspondents who repeat queries are requested The Col. Lilburne who was on April 8, 1660, "engaged to head the second communication • Duplicate." for Scotland” was not, as it is stated in the index, John, but his brother Robert. John, the patriot or fanatic, child").-See 7th 8. v. 486.

H. G. KEENE, Jersey (Baron Nathan de Rothsdied in August, 1657; Robert, the regicide and majorgeneral, lived till 1665. He was tried among the other

M. L. M. ("King Charles ").-Send address; wa regicides, but his life was spared, and, if we may trust have a letter for you. the inaccurate Noble, he died a prisoner in the Isle of St. R. HUDSON (“Childe Harold").-Anticipated. See Nicholas, near Plimouth. There are two interesting 7th S. v. 335. entries concerning Col. Rossiter of Somerby, who had been, as it was thought, an Independent of a somewhat Editorial Communications should be addressed to "The extreme type. Ho had fought for the Parliament at Editor of 'Notes and Querios'" - Advertisements and Naseby and in many other gallant actions, the most note: Business Letters to "The Publisher ”-at the Office, 22, worthy incident in his life being the scattering the wild Took's Court, Cursitor Street, Chancery Lane, E.C. Pontefract raiders under the command of Sir Philip We beg leave to state that we decline to return com. Monckton in 1648. In August, 1659, his fidelity to the munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and ruling powers was evidently doubtful, and in the Sep to this rule we can make ng exception,

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