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a kerchief over her head, but in the North of Italy words éontr, moéréb (or mouéréb), which mean they are not all so particular, and all over Ger- uncle and aunt, also mean one's father's or mother's many, North and South ; certainly in Hungary, first cousin (male or female); whilst niz and nizez too, and I think also in Bohemia, I have noticed mean not only nephew and niece, but also the numbers of instances of women in church without child (male or female) of one's own first cousin any other "covering" but their hair. I have an (male or female).* The French, therefore, by this idea that I have seen the same in the south of addition of “à la mode de Bretagne” have obtained Spain, but my memory is not so distinct concerning four distinct expressions for four distinct relationthe custom of Spain as of Germany.
ships, and so have a great advantage over us, who
R. H. BUSK. have only the one expression, "first cousin once The writer of the article in All the Year Round removed,” for all these four relationships. must have omitted to record that all women in
F. CHANCE. Teneriffe who do not wear the “ mantilla" use the
Sydenham Hill. “panuella," i. e., a handkerchief of silk or cotton, In Brittany people have always been most and on the top of this the small sailor's hat, which tenacious of their claims of kindred; and in order upon entering a church is invariably removed. to strengthen the ties of blood and nature, they
EDWARD L. Penny, D.D., R.N. call by the same name the children of a brother THE WATERLOO Ball (7th S. vi. 441, 472).—I (nephews, nieces) and the children of a first cousin am willing to accept the assurance 'of LADY (cousin once removed). These relations are also Russell that there is no discrepancy in the state-called, in colloquial Frencb, "cousins remués de ments of the two ladies whose names were men- germains":tioned in my note. By the light given in LADY
Il a tant d'héritiers, le bon Seigneur Géronte, Russell's reply I understand exactly what Lady
Il en a tant et tant, que parfois j'en ai honte, De Ros meant by the words, “The Warehouse in
Des oncles, des neveux, des nièces, des cousins,
Des arrière-cousins remués des germains. which the Coachmaker kept his carriages was con
Regaard, 'Le Légataire,' I. i. verted into a long narrow room, in which the ball
In like manner the Latin word nepos, which took place.” The conversion of the warehouse into a sitting-room, which sitting room was converted tus and Quintilian to designate a grand-nephew :
means grandson, is not unfrequently used by Taciinto a ball-room, is the correct interpretation, doubt
DNARGEL. less. But what becomes of the evidence of Lord
Paris. William Pitt Lennox—“The ball did not take place at the residence of the Duchess, but in some
PROTESTANT AND PAPIST (7th S. vi. 464).-I sort of an old barn at the back or behind”? Or, am obliged to MR. RANDALL for his correction of again, his statement in writing, “ The ball was held a slip on p. 422. The Act 13 Geo. I., c. 28, was in the not extraordinarily spacious drawing-room passed in 1726, not 1728. of that mansion " ? In the interests of a large
Cuas. FREDC. HARDY. number of readers, let me ask LADY RUSSELL
Gray's Inn. to procure from the ground-plan of the Duke's Brussels residence the exact position, and as
DEATH WARRANTS (7th S. vi. 308, 474).-nearly as possible the dimensions of the converted MARSHALL is not quite right. At the assizes the
E. F. D. C. is altogether wrong, and the Rev. Ed. warehouse.
RICHARD EDGCUMBE. Mount Edgcumbe, Devonport.
order for execution was, and is, merely verbal. In
the Court of the Recorder of the City of London "Nièce (ONCLE) À LA MODE DE BRETAGNE" (and the practice was continued when that court (7th. S. vi. 447; and see 7th S. iv. 287).—The reason was merged in the Central Criminal) the Recorder why "Oncle (tante) à la mode de Bretagne" are reported to the king in person (not in council) the used of the first cousins (male and female respec
cases of the several prisoners, and received his tively) of one's father and mother, and “Neveu royal pleasure (4 BI. Comm., 404); and unless the (pièce) à la mode de Bretagne" are used of the king otherwise directed, the law took its course, children (male and female respectively) of one's the Recorder then issuing his warrant to the sheriff own first cousins (male or female), is simply that for the execution. But the king signed nothing. in the Briton language, and consequently in that By 1 Vict., c. 77, the peculiar practice of the part of Brittany where it is spoken (la Bretagne Recorder's court was put an end to; no report bretonnante), the use of the words corresponding was to be made to the Queen ; and the prisoners to our uncle, aunt, nephew, and niece is less were to receive sentence as at the assizes. strictly limited than in French and other languages. If Le Gonidec's French-Briton and Briton- * It will be noticed that Brittany uncles and aunts French dictionaries be consulted, but more espe, that Brittany nephews and nieces are of the same
are of the same generation as real uncles and aunts, and cially the former, s.vv. "Oocle," "Tante,” “Neveu," generation as real nephews and nieces, so that there is “Nièce," it will be found that the two Briton some logic, after all, in the Briton way of speaking.
The story of the death warrant for the Isle of the joints of the coffin in any part, thin plates of iron are Man is not probable, as the Queen exercises juris- disposed at all the joinings and corners in the inside, diction over the Isle of Man in council, and not in and a strip of iron is let in all round the edges of the top
and bottom, so as to resist the teeth of any saw, or chisel, person ; and then the necessary orders would be to cut it through. This useful invention has the sanction signed by the proper officers, and not usually by of the King's letters patent, granted 5th July, 1796." the Queen. But not being a Manx lawyer, I
J. F. MANSERGE. cannot speak positively.
They appear to have come into use about the STROUD AS A PLACE-NAME (7th S. vi. 187, close of the last century. In Southey's 'Common309, 357, 449). -Canon Taylor speaks of a Place Book,' ii. 780, it is stated that the patentee document in which he has "found e interchanged obtained an opinion from Dr. Jenner, of the Comwith a, e, ei, ai, and 0," &c. Will he kindly give mons, that they were not illegal. It is stated also us the reference? A list of documents in which that these coffios were first made in Yorkshire (ir. the spelling is at all widely variable would be of 386). EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. great service.
A PEDANT. Hastings. IRON COFFINS (7th S. vi. 388).- From there being table of fees from which he quotes. I have heard
Your correspondent does not give the date of the no reference to the case of Gilbert v. Buzzard that iron coffins were in use some eighty or ninety (3 Phill. 348) I presume that Mr. W. WINTERS is not acquainted with the excellent judgment of years ago, and that they were used to hinder “re
rurrection-men stealing" the bodies for dissection. Lord Stowell, before whom it came. It is in exact accordance with his opinion that the fee of 21. 28. This is borne out by a note attached
to Southey's is charged for an interment in an iron coffin. The unpleasant string of verses called 'The Surgeon's question of the lawfulness of using an iron coffin Warning' whicħ is dated 1798. It runs as fol
lows :came into question; and in the course of the judg. ment it is stated that while such coffins are not in
“Respecting the patent coffins herein mentioned......I themselves unlawful, the limit of their use is to be hereby declare that it is by no means my design to de
preciate that useful invention; and all persons to whom as follows:
this ballad shall come are requested to take notice, that “New cemeteries are to be purchased at an enormous nothing herein asserted concerning the aforesaid coffins is expense, and the whole environs of the metropolis would true, except that the maker and patentee lives in St. Mar. be surrounded by a circumvallation of churchyards (if tin's Lane.”—Poetical Works,' i vol, ed., 1853, p. 457. imperishable materials were in constant use). If, there
ANOS. fore, these iron coffins are to bring an additional charge upon parishes, they ought to bring with them a pro.
Iron coffins, called “mort safes,” were used in portionate compensation; upon all common principles of Scotland as a precaution against resurrectionists. estimated value, one must pay for the longer lease which After time had been allowed for the wooden coffin you actually take of the ground. If you wish to protect to decay the grave was reopened, and the mort safe your deceased relative by additional security, which will press upon the convenience of the parish, we do not taken out for further use. An extra charge was blame the purpose, nor reject the measure; but it is you, made for its use. I have seen two lying in neglected and not the parish, who must pay for that purpose. It churchyards, but they are almost things of the past, drew's, Holborn] to exhibit a table of burial fees for the does not date his extract. In Scotland they have remains only that I should direct the parish (St. An: having been broken up for old iron. MR. WINTERS consideration of the ordinary. Patent rights, and on which it seems these coffins are constructed," must be not been used for about fifty years. See Northern held by the same tenure as all other rights, ita utere tuo Notes and Queries, No. 9, p. 20; No. 10, p. 50. ut alienum ne lædas.' They must not infringe upon
A. W. CORNELIUS. HALLEN, rights more ancient, more public, and such as this court Alloa. is peculiarly bound to protect." Lord Stowell signed a table of fees for the parish ments to the Radcliffe family, Wright, in his
In Boreham Church, Essex, amongst the monuas Chancellor of the Diocese of London.
'History of Essex,' says :If the entry in question was made during the mains of various individuals. Some are cast in human
"In the vault are twelve coffins containing the redays when the “resurrection-men, such as that shape, with eyes, nose, mouth, &c. On six of them are “honest tradesman” Mr. Jeremiah Cruncher, the dates 1581-83–93, 1629-32-43." flourished, the following extract from the 'En
R. W. HACKWOOD. cyclopædia Londinensis, 8.v. “Coffia - maker," ,' "
ARCHBISHOPS OF YORK (7th S. vi. 448). It is to may explain what an iron coffin was :
be regretted that there is as yet no series of bioEamTo stop the progress of these nightly depredations graphies of the Archbishops of York worthy to rank servean dead, Mr. Gabriel Aughtie, of Cheapside, London, with Dean Hook's deservedly popular 'Lives of Martyrs.' . invented a coffin, which he contrives to fasten The festivdings and by screws that cannot be redrawn. the Archbishops of Canterbury. The only work Virgin Marg'rder to prevent the possibility of opening of the kind is the admirable Fasti Eboracenses,'
which, though bearing the name of a former Canon verses ; "Democritus Junior to the Reader,” pp. Residentiary of York, the Rev. W. H. Dixon, is 1-78; one leaf “Lectori male feriato. Tu vero substantially the work of a happily still living cavesis [sic, probably caveas], &c." "Heraclite Canon Residentiary of the same cathedral, one of fileas, &c." (five elegiac couplets); synopsis two our very ablest and most accurate historians, the leaves ; 723 pp.; table five leaves. Rev. James Raine. Of this, however, only the
C. F. S. WARREN, M.A. first volume has been published, bearing date Foleshill Hall, Coventry. 1863, and reaching no further than Archbishop Thoresby, who died in 1373. May we not call upon motto from Macrobius which MR. Peacock men
Referring to my folio Burton of 1624, for the the accomplished author to continue the work be bas tions, I see that it is the expressive sentence so admirably begun in illustration of the bistory of “Omne meum nihil meum,"
," with Macrobius the cathedral, in one of the chief seats of which the written over it. But I rather think that it is wise exercise of the present archbishop's patronage Burton's own composition after reading the introhas recently placed him, to the great satisfaction duction which Macrobius prefixes to his 'Saturnof all lovers of sound history?
alia,' or a quotation memoriter at the most. I EDMUND VENABLES.
have an abridgment of the 'Anatomy': "Melan'Fasti Eboracenses : Lives of the Archbishops choly as it proceeds from the Disposition and of York,' by Messrs. Dixon and Raine. Vol. i. Habit, the Passion of Love, and the Influence of has never been followed by vol. ii., and the record Religion, drawn chiefly from the celebrated work ends with Archbishop Thoresby, who died 1373. entitled Burton's Anatomy of Melancholy," LonIt is hoped that Canon Raine will not much longer don, 1801, pp. i-xii, 1-390, Ind. 397-420. It is leave half told the story of the primates bold who anonymous, with several tail-pieces like Bewick's. have presided in the northern province.
Can any one tell me anything about it?
ED. MARSHALL. This inquiry reopens a Yorkshireman's grief.
INFANTS NEVER LAUGH (7th S. vi. 448).—ProThe late W. H. Dixon, Canon Residentiary of testing against the falseness of the assertion with York, collected materials for the 'Lives of the whicho I am bound to head this paper, I would reArchbishops,' which, on his decease, passed into mark that the babies known to Olympiodorus must the hands of Canon Raine, whose long and unique have been vastly more precocious than those which work at the ecclesiastical records of York has lately came under Darwin's observation, if their state of received official recognition. The first volume, laughlessness (permit me the word) could be limited under the title of Fasti Eboracenses,' and bearing to anything like the first three weeks of life. The the names of W. H. Dixon and James Raine, ap. I modern scientist's experiences are recorded in ‘Expeared in 1863. Owing to the paucity of the col- | pression of the Emotions,' chap. viii., and it may lections made by Mr. Dixon for the early period, suffice to say here that one of his subjects smiled the whole of this volume was written by Mr. Raine, at the end of forty-five days, a second nearly at the and nineteen-twentieths of the materials were col- same age, a third somewhat earlier, and that the first lected by him. This involved a ten years' labour child was about two months old before the germ of which was simply " tremendous,” and which is cachinnation developed into sound, "a little bleatgraphically told in the editor's preface, as well as ing noise, which perhaps represented a laugh.” visible in his pages-pages crammed with thousands The character of the noise altered at the age of 113 of precise statements about an inconceivable num-days, and incipient laughter was recognizable. ber of persons, and all methodically arranged. The Another infant made dubiously hilarious sounds volume takes in the first forty-four bishops (627-after sixty-five days' experience of this troublesome 1373). But our unavailing regret is that it seems life.
St. SWITHIN. destined to remain a solitary monument--the first and the last.
W. C. B. I read this to a Devonshire woman, when she
instantly replied, “It is not for three weeks, but ROBERT BURTON (7th S. vi. 443).-My Burton's for six weeks after birth they do not laugh when 'Anatomy' is the seventh edition, as described by awake." I said, “Then they laugh when asleep?" MR. Peacock ; but over the imprint on the en; "No," she replied; “their eyes and mouths are graved title is pasted a slip bearing this second
HERBERT HARDY. one : "London | Printed for John Garway | And
Cullompton. are to be sold at the Signe of St. Pauls Church in Pauls Chaine | 1660." I have not removed LADIES IN PARLIAMENT (7th S. vi. 405).-J. B. S. this; but by holding the leaf up to a strong light I has misunderstood the records concerning the sitcan perceive that the original imprint was as given ting of abbesses in minor ecclesiastical councils. by MR. Peacock. The verses facing this title be- Ruling societies of nuns, they sat in that capacity gio "Ten (not the] distinct squares." The rest of and no other. No woman ever sat in the great the collation is: one leaf dedication; two leaves synods of the Church, which are, if at all, the nearest
analogues to the Parliament of Great Britain and “There is the same limitation as to time within which Ireland.
In fact, however, there is no analogy the marriage must be solemnized after licence granted wbatever between these cases.
as in the case of banns, that is, tbree calendar months.
The four abbesses After the expiration of three months from the calling of who were summoned to Parliament sat (if they did the banns, or the grant of the licence, if the marriage 80) because they held fiefs owing military service has not been solemnized, the banns must be published to the Crown, and could not be excused because again, or a new licence obtained.”-See Cripps's 'Laws they were incapable of war. They were bound to of the Church' (“Marriege "). appear by male proxies. The same occurred with A special licence, for solemnizing marriage at regard to the peeresses named by J. B. S., some of any time and any convenient place, seems to be whom were represented by their husbands. It is exempt from the above limitation ; but the writer in point here that a certain Gerbod, who is only says nothing as to this point. too well known in the discussion concerning the
W. E. BUCKLEY. parentage of Gundreda, wife of William de Warren,
SPRINGS IN ANGLESEY (7th S. vi. 489).-In the Earl of Surrey, was the official champion, or rather parish of Llandyfrydog are two wells, called leader of the troops, furnished by the great abbey Ffynnon Seiriol and Ffynnon Cybi, where those at St. Omer to the army of Flanders. His title
holy men are said to have beld religious conferences; was Avoué, and he was a proxy of the kind in the wells are midway between Holyhead and Priestquestion. The first of the crusading conquerors of holme Island, the retreats of the saints. St. Cybi Jerusalem thus described himself, not as king. founded a monastery at Holyhead in 380, and to
It appears that neither in current politics nor in him the church there is dedicated. Llandyfrydog ancient records has history yet repeated itself on is south-west of Dulas Bay, five miles from Amlwch this point.
and two from Llanerch-y-Medd. This statement concerning the summons to
H. G. GRIFFINHOOFE. peeresses has been referred to by various autho
34, St. Petersburg Place. rities ; but I have never seen a further fact noted
JEANNE DE CASTILLE (7th S. vi. 427). — The in connexion with it
, namely, that it was in respect following particulars are given in the official of Irish affairs that they were called, being all Catalogue regarding this picture :Irish landowners. Mary, Countess of Norfolk ;
“ Among the curious episodes mentioned by contemAlianora, Countess of Ormonde ; and Anne, Lady porary bistorians as illustrating the passionate and jeaLe Despenser, were summoned for the day on sous affection of this unfortunate lady for her husband, which Parliament met, a fortnight after Easter Philip the Beau, father of Charles V., is that of the (viz., A pril 11); Philippa, Countess of March ; frenzy which posseeded her through the admiration of Joan, Lady Fitzwalter ; Agnes, Countess of Pem- her husband for a young lady of the court, whose hair broke ; Marie de St. Po), Countess of Pembroke ; by female attendants, stripped, and bound hand and
was of exceptional beauty. Jeanne had the lady seized Margery (not Matilda) de Ros; and Katherine, foot, and then, herself, with a pair of large working Countess of Athole, were ordered to attend a week scissors, cut off the young lady's bair, and disfigured her later (Rot. Claus., 35 Edw. III.). The same ladies beauty.”,– Varillas, La Pratique de l'Education des
Princes.' were again summoned in the following year, also to attend a Council for Ireland ” (Ib., 36 Edw. III.).
The title of the picture, according to the CataHERMENTRUDE. logue, is 'The Vengeance of Jeanne la Folle.'
R. P. To the illustrations showing that the usurpation of male offices by women is not a modern craze
Latin MOTTO OVER THE PORCA OF A COUNTRY may be added the interesting fact, recorded in HOUSE (71h S. vi. 467). —In the suggested motto, Coke's 'Littleton' (326A), that “ Anne, Countess “Salve, vive, vale,” the word "i vive,” I confess, is of Pembroke, served the office of High Sheriff of of doubtful meaning and propriety ; and the word Westmoreland, and at the assizes at Appleby sat" vale” might be thought premature by those who in person with the judges on the Bench."
bad not yet passed the portal. Would it not W. J. Fitzpatrick, F.S.A. satisfy Hugo's wishes to place “Salve, veniens," Dublin.
on the outside, and “ Vale, abiens," on the inside,
of his door? That plan would suit the case of DEATH OF Clive (7th S. vi. 207, 293, 430).-It the coming as of the departing guest ; and it would is quite certain that Lord Clive died at his house furnish a motto of the desired two word " in Berkeley Square, and not, as Mr. W. P. BEACA limits in each case." JULIAN MARSHALL. states, “at his South Shropshire residence.”
E. Walford, M.A. “Salve, vive, vale” is very good ; and is quite
borne out by the “Vive valeque” of Horace. QUARTER LICENCE (7th S. vi. 367). —This is As Hugo asks for an alternative motto, I would obviously a phrase for describing an ordinary suggest, “Salve, gaude, vale,” though I doubt if it marriage licence, as distinguished from a special is any improvement.
E. WALFORD. licence :
7, Hyde Park, Mansions, N.W.
CARDINAL Quirnon's BREVIARY (6th S. xi. 448; the presence of French competition is largely due to the xii. 18; 7th S. vi. 123, 397). —There is an article enterprise of Mr. Nimmo, in the Church Times of Nov. 2 of the current year The Encyclopædic Dictionary. Vol. VII. Part II. which is evidently written by some one who knows (Cassell & Co.) some portions of the history of this book very tho. With the appearance of the present part of the ‘Enroughly.
cyclopædic Dictionary' the first issue of the work is completed. To private enterprise is owing, accordingly,
what is, in fact, a national labour. The ‘Encyclopædic iscellanedus.
Dictionary,' which so far as possible bas been carried up NOTES ON BOOKS, &0.
to date, contains fifty thousand words more than any The Reminiscences and Recollections of Capl. Gronow; words as the latest edition of Johnson. This, even, does
other English dictionary, and almost thrice as many being Anecdotes of the Camp, Court, Clubs, and Society, not give a full idea of its advantages and merite, seeing
1810-1860. 2 vols. (Nimmo.) It was a happy idea of Mr. Nimmo to collect into an emplary. Near six thousand pages of three columns each
that the amount of information supplied is no less exédition de luxe the pleasant, goesiping, and diverting reminiscences which Capt. Gronow spread over four series. issued with the last part, much curious and important
are occupied with the work. In the preface, which is Not wholly trustworthy as historical records are all the information with regard to the inception and execution matters Capt. Gronow relates. The style of relation has, of the task is supplied. As a record of enterprise boldly however, remarkable vivacity and charm, and the pic carried out and of painstaking and systematic labour this tures of our fathers or grandfathers which
he presents has much value. Our own tribute to the work is derived palpitate with actuality. Very much that he narrates, moreover, is strictly true, and his works are a mine of from personal use. It is always at hand for reference, information. Of Capt. Gronow, indeed, it may be said and it is a trustworthy and serviceable guide. How many as has been said of more important observers and chroni- questions sent to N. & Q.' might have been saved by a
At clers than he, indeed of most observers and chroniclers reference to its pages there are few who know. from Herodotus downwards—that when he speaks of the present and for very many years to come this is likely to things he has himself known he is wholly trustworthy, remain the most useful English dictionary, equally use. and that it is only when
he repeats what has been toiá ful to the scholar and in the bousehold. "Few, indeed, to him that his statements are to be taken with caution. formation that is not to be found
can be brought forward.
are the cases in which a word that does not appear or inBe bis merits of accuracy what they may, his effer: Those who have been principally responsible for the litevescence of style and his vividness of portraiture will secure him favour. Whether his work will last it is as 1876 the publication began, and who now sees the per
rary work are Dr. R. Hunter, the editor under whom in yet too early to state. To those who recall the days of fected work; Mr. J. F. Walker, M.A, and Mr. Wm. the regency bis book is one of the most delightful con. Harkness, F.I.C., for the chemistry articles; Mr. T. ceivable. These, however, are few. The world, in one Davies, F.G.S., for mineralogy and petrology; Sir Jobn respect at least, changes less than is supposed, and those Stainer for music; and Col. Cooper King for military who in these days constitute society are for the most matters. A happy idea hay, in fact, been carried to a part the descendants of those whom Capt. Gronow depicts. The world of to-day, then, can scarcely fail to be happy issue,
and all concerned are to be congratulated interested in the doings of its immediate ancestors. Not upon high and most useful accomplishment. In some res a few of the characters described, moreover, are of his spects, indeed, no dictionary contemplated or commenced
seems likely to supplant this work, torical importance, and the book is to be read side by side with history as well as with the novels of Thackeray The Gentleman's Magazine Library.--Literary Curiosities and Lever,
and Noles. Edited by A. B. G. (Stock.) If the book has any element of enduring popularity, "THE GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE LIBRARY" grows apace, the conditions under which it is published may well give all the volumes are really valuable contributions to hisit the best chance. The volumes are among the band. tory. The present one is in many respects the most somest that have issued from the modern press. Mr. serviceable of those that have yet appeared. There are Joseph Grego, to whom has been trusted the task of not many of us who are so bappy as to possess a set of illustration, has gone to contemporary sources, and has Sylvanus Urban from 1731 to 1868. Even to the few reproduced the quasi-satirical designs presenting indi who do these volumes will be useful. Among an over. viduals of note and fashion which were issued in the early whelming load of chaff the Gentleman's Magazine conyears of the century. The four wood engravings "exe. taing much grain ; but it is almost impossible to find cuted for the initial series have been retained, and the therein what you want at the moment, and quite imfifth, from a contemporary study in the possession of possible to be sure that something of great value
has not Capt. Gronow, has been re-engraved.”. In order to pre- been overlooked. When Mr. Gomme's series is complete serve uniformity, the twenty additional plates which Mr. we shall have collected in handy and well - indexed Grego has etched are finished in aquatint, an art which volumes all that is of permanent literary value in that bas since gone out of favour for book illustration. The long series. To make such a collection quite perfect is designs are all in two states—one on plate paper, proofs impossible; but the editor has arrived near enough to before letters, the other on Whatman paper, with titles perfection for all practical purposes. This volume is and coloured by band, These duplicate plates, well devoted to literary curiosities. It is a wide term, and known in France, are less familiar in England. Among includes very much. We trust that some of the parathose from whom the designs are taken are J. and R. graphs we had hoped to find there will soon appear in Cruiksbank, and Deighton, J. Doyle and D. Maclise another volume, with a somewhat different title. No among English artists, and Carle Vernet and P. L. Debu two persons agree exactly as to classification. So long court among French. Selection and execution are alike as all the grain be in good time garnered, we are in. judicious, and the work as a whole is a credit to English different as to the label of the back in which it is stored, enterprise and English art. A very short space will A reference to the index under many of the longer suffice to establish it as a bibliographical gem of the headings, such as “ Libraries,” “Manuscripts," and first water. That English books can claim attention in “London," will show how rich the present volume is in