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Leather Coins - Ice - The Waterloo Ball - Don Saltero's

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LONDON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1888.

pencil or the crayon —Dryden's Dufresnoy. 2. A

drawing or design done with a pencil or crayon.” CONTENTS.-N 155.

It would appear, then (to answer my own query), NOTES :- Pastels, 461 – Dogs mentioned by Scott, 462-Pro- that crayons are the same as pastels--or pastils— testant and Papist, 463– Gospel of Barnabas! 464-Gal: rolls of coloured paste, so soft and friable that they licized English, 465 - Folk-lore - --Spellbinders - Inscriptions on Houses - Relics – Omniboats: may be blended by means of a leather stump or Electrolier, 466.

the delicate touch of the finger. The vehicle used QUERIES :- Children-Latin Motto-Dress of London Ap

prentice – Lord Lisle's Assassination - Highering- Thomas specially adapts itself to the representation of porLucas-Anagram on Voltaire -John, Earl of Wertheim- traits, with silks, laces, jewels, satins, furs, &c. Yeomanry Medal – Buonaparte's Habeas Corpus, 467 – Book The great English crayon-painter, Jobn Russell, of Jasher'- William Parry-English Poets-Hugh FraserMayor's Title--Burial of Horse with Owner- Monkey Island R.A., in his work ' Elements of Painting with - Collingwood - Eppingen - Saloop - Dominican Rule - Crayons' (Dublin, 1773), throughout speaks of Poetic References to Lincoln, 468-Burlingbrook-Anonymous Poem-Joseph Forsyth " Crito "-Authors Wanted,

crayons,"and not of“ pastels” or “pastils,” except

once, in section vi., “Of Rolling the Crayons, REPLIES :--Shakspeare, 469 -- Great Cryptogram: 470-A and Disposing them for Painting," when he Curious Dance round a Curious Tree'-Anne HathawayCaptain of the Achilles -- Wooden Walls-- Heraldic-Author says, “ The different composition of colours must of Work Wanted-Rowlandson, 471-Vaseline for Books be cut into a proper magnitude, after they are Coffee House, 472-Jack Drum's Entertainment'-Riddle

prepared, in order to be rolled into Pastils for Elsibeth Players — Boswell -- Friar's Lanthorn – "To join the convenience of using them.” He says that giblets,” 473-* Our Father " - Isaac D’Israeli – Death War- the best crayons for brilliant greens were made rant='The Star Chamber ’–Ball of Stonehouse-Drinking in Lausanne, in Switzerland, and were imported Health in Blood, 474 - Russia - Alumni Westmonasterienses,' 475—

Prototypes of Robinson Crusoe --Faroe Isles - by Mr. Bonhote, Hay's Court, Soho. In NewBurial.place of George I:-Vine in England...Abbey of Fesle, man's 'Catalogue,' 24, Soho Square, not many 476–Marriage Presents-Poison, 477- Mistakes in Dickens -R. Wyer Indian Pale Ale --- Lord Bateman – Lord years since, among the chalks and crayons are Chancellor Harcourt - Academic Heraldry, 478-Harleian “ Soft Swiss Crayons," "Finest Pastel Crayons," Society-Authors Wanted, 479.

and “Wolff's Creta Lævis Pencils." These were NOTES ON BOOKS:- English Dialect Society-Dodgson's

Curiosa Mathematica'-Scott's Berwick upon Tweed'- crayons enclosed in cedar, similar to lead pencils. Rodway and Watt’s Annals of Guiana '-Thomas's “St. They enabled the sketcher to depict the landscape Asaph.

before him, with deft rapidity, in the greens, blues,

reds, browns, and other colours that were presented Potes.

to the eye. I think that cases of these pencils of

assorted tints first appeared about the year 1845. PASTELS OR PASTILS.

At any rate, in 1847 and the two following years The autumn exhibition (1888) of the Grosvenor I took up the new fashion with avidity;

and I still Gallery has been the "first exhibition of pastels” possess several sketches that I made at Kenilworth in England; and the exhibition to be opened Castle and other places, drawn with these coloured Jan. 1, 1889, is to be “supplemented by an pencils known as “Creta Lævis.” Once, at the exhibition of English pastels by Russell and London Aquarium, I saw the performance of a others.” I would ask, What is meant by pastels ? peculiar artist, who was called the Lightning This is a query that has not yet been propounded Cartoonist "; and the startling landscapes and seain the pages of 'N. & Q.'; perhaps because every scapes that he most rapidly produced in coloured one knows. And I would further ask, Should chalks very much reminded me of the glaring not pastels be more properly written pastils ? effects in yellows, greens, reds, and blues that I According to Dr. Johnson, pastel is "an herb.” was wont to bring forth by the aid of " Creta Then he gives " Pastil, n.s. (pastillus, Lat. ; pas- Lævis.” My friend the Rev. J. G. Wood is perhaps tille, Fr.), a roll of paste. To draw with dry the only artist who, in his popular “sketch colours, make long pastils, by grinding red lead lectures,” knows how to use brilliant crayons with strong wort, and so roll them up like pencils, for the instruction as well as the amusement of the drying them in the sun'- Peacham on Drawing." crowded audiences who gaze on his huge black In N. Bailey's 'English Dictionary! (fourteenth canvas, and wonder what he is going to draw upon ed., 1751) I find “ Pastel, a plant called woad”; it. I think that the “Creta Lævis” pencils must and then, “ Pastil (pastille, F. of pastillus, L.), a have gone out of fashion, together with those cardCrayon for painting.” And he defines " Crayon, board" scrapetints," from which the amateur a Pencil of any sort of colouring Stuff

, made into artist, by aid of his penknife, could produce bis Paste and dried, for drawing in dry Colours on highlights—and they certainly were very high Paper, &c. F.” And Dr. Johnson says, Crayon, lights-and thrilling effects of snow and moonn.s. (crayon, Fr.), 1. A kind of pencil; a roll of light. paste to draw lines with. 'Let no day pass over In the large entrance hall of my present home, you without drawing a line ; that is to say, with among other paintings, hang eleven crayon porout working, without giving some strokes of the traits, life-size and half-length, of various members

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of my father's family in the last century. The For several of the names I am indebted to the largest and best is one of which I have had occasion Waverley Dictionary,' by May Rogers (Chicago, to speak in these pages, and therefore I will now 1879), a very useful and, so far as the information only say that it is the portrait of a clergyman, in contained in it is concerned, a very trustworthy wig, gown, bands, and chaplain's scarf, and that it book, but disfigured by very numerous misspellis the work of John Russell, R.A., and a very ings of names. It is a pity that the authoress, brilliant example of that once popular artist and who has otherwise taken great pains, and who pupil of Francis Cotes (1725-1770). Russell was seems to know the Waverley Novels almost by born in 1744, and died in 1806, and the picture heart, did not revise her proofs more carefully. in my possession (undated) was probably drawn Perhaps in later editions these errors have been between 1780 and 1790. Russell obtained his R.A.- corrected. My own copy is, I believe, the first ship in 1788, the year in which he made his crayon edition. portrait of R. E. Sheridan, ætat. 37, now in As I do not suppose my list is complete, your the National Portrait Gallery. I have seen in the correspondents can supply any omissions they may Louvre an exquisite specimen of Russell's crayons, notice. representing, life size, a bright little girl, looking Maida, stag-hound, the prototype of Bevis in to the spectator and holding up cherries with her Woodstock '; Bran, Nimrod, stag-hounds; Hamright hand, while she carries a basket of cherries let, Douglas, Percy, greyhounds; Camp, ballwith her left hand. In the Surrey Art Loan terrier; Spicey, terrier; Finette, setter.—Sir Exhibition, held at Guildford (Russell's birth. Walter's own dogs. place), June, 1884, the Large of Western Hall, Pandour.-Mr. Skene's dog, mentioned with Room No. 2, was mainly devoted to an exhibition Camp in 'Marmiop,' introduction to canto iv. of the “Work:s by John Russell, R.A.” It is said Yarrow, sheep-dog.–Marmion,' same reference that he exhibited in London 337 pictures. The as the last. one in my keeping has been in the possession of Stumab (i.e., Faithful); Lufra. —' Lady of the the family from the time when it was painted, and Lake.' has never been exhibited. Its dimensions are Ban, Buscar, deer-hounds ; Bran, greyhound. 22} in. by 17 in., and of course it is under glass, Waverley.' as are the ten other crayon portraits that now hang Wasp, terrier ; Mustard and Pepper, terriers ;

Plato, spaniel ; Yarrow, sheep-dog.–Guy ManSeven of these (19} in. by 15} in.) are by nering.' “Saunders,” dated 1750. Who Saunders was I Juno, setter.-'Antiquary.' do not know. He is said to have been residing at Killbuck. - Black Dwarf. Stourbridge, Worcestershire, when these portraits Elphin, spaniel (“ Ye ken our dog's name, and were painted, and the father, mother, two sons, it's no a common ano"). - Old Mortality.' and three daughters whom the seven pictures Lucy, spaniel.—'Rob Roy.' represent were living within five miles of Stour- Dustiefoot. - Heart of Midlothian.' bridge. The portraits are extremely good and Talbot, Teviot, deer-bounds.—'Bride of Lammerpleasing, and as fresh as though they had just moor.' come from the painter. Two other crayon por- Balder, wolf-dog; Fangs, "a sort of lurcher, traits of old ladies (18 in. by 13 in.) may possibly half mastiff, half greyhound.”—' Ivanhoe.' be by Saunders, but are unsigned and have no Wolf, stag-greyhound. - Abbot.' date. The last crayon portrait (also 18 in. by 13 in.) Bash, Battie, greyhounds ; Belzie, bulldog. has no name or date, and appears to be by a Fortunes of Nigel.' different artist and of an earlier period, as it repre- Talbot, Beaumont, boar-hounds. - 'Quentin sents a clergyman in wig, gown, and bands, who Durward.' died early in 1730. These eleven portraits of Neptune ; Thetis.— Redgauntlet.' members of one family afford a proof that in the Thryme, wolf-dog.—' Betrothed.' last century no little popularity was given to Roswal, stag-greyhound.—Talisman.' crayons, pastels, or pastils. COTHBERT BEDE. Bevis, wolf-dog. — Woodstock.'

Charlot, spaniel. — Fair Maid of Perth.'

Wolf-fanger, hound.—'Anne of Geierstein.' DOGS MENTIONED BY SIR WALTER SCOTT.

Camp figures in three of Scott's portraits, the (See Names of Dogs,' 7 8. vi, 144, 269, 374.) best known of which is that painted by Raeburn I have compiled the following list of the dogs— in 1808, representing Scott sitting under a ruined limiting myself to those who are distinguished by wall, with Hermitage Castle in the background, a name-mentioned in the life and writings of Sir a book in his band, and Camp—who I hope was Walter Scott, whose name is as proverbial as a not so fierce as he looks-at his feet. The frontis. dog-lover as that of Victor Hugo is as a "child- piece to the sixth volume of the 1869 edition of lover," as Tennyson calls him in his fine sonnet. Lockhart's 'Life of Scott'is a full-length portrait

in my hall.

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