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Portlaw, wrote to the Times, enclosing a copy of a Fraser in the Times (September), that the ball letter that he had received from the Lady Louisa which his mother had given, and at which he was Tighe, which I will give in full :

present, did “not take place at the residence of Dear Dr. Martin, -In answer to your letter, I beg to the duchess, but in some sort of an old barn at the inform you that the ball was given in my father's house, * back or behind.” Thus it will be seen that the and in the room which we used as our schoolroom, theory of Sir William Fraser is borne out by where we, the children, had our meals, and it was also our playroom. The dancing was in the room I mention. him on having made a discovery, and on settling

I congratulate

strong contemporary evidence. I was allowed to sit up and see the ball....... The room was a long one, with several windows looking towards a point which has perplexed us long. the stables. It was a room on the ground floor, and the

RICHARD EDGCUMBE. dining room and my father's study all on the same floor, 33, Tedworth Square, S.W. but the dining-room and study looked out to the pretty garden, which reached the ramparts, and was extensive. In that garden there was a house which seemed to be

BALLADS AND SONGS OF THE WEST P a store for carriages. It was some way from the house,

ENGLAND. and concealed by large horse-chestnut trees and small shrubs, but not used by our family, and I am quite certain It was usual about fifty years ago, in taverns the ball took place in our schoolroom, as I remember it in Devon and Cornwall, for certain men who were well, and all the sad scenes of wounded men brought into well known in their districts as famous song-men Brussels after the battle of Waterloo."

to be given free entertainment if they sang to Here, then, we have a real difficulty. Lady amuse the company gathered about the fire. A Louisa Tighe was in the Duke of Richmond's few of these old song-men linger on toothless and house at the time of the ball, and so was Lady De decrepit, and from them I have begun to collect Ros, her sister. Both ladies have a distinct the traditional ballads and songs they sang recollection of the locale of the immortal scene, formerly. Some of them can neither read nor write. and yet they are not of one mind as to whether The profession—if so it may be called-was in many the ball took place in the Duke Richmond's cases hereditary, and those who remain learned house or at a coach-builder's adjoining. I think most of their songs from their fathers. I have we may take it that the Lady De Ros would be collected already about eighty with their tanes, more likely to be accurate than her younger sister, and am comparing the latter with the melodies in who was still in the schoolroom. In April

, 1884, Darfey, the Compleat Dancing Master,' and other I approached Lady De Ros through the Duke of early collections, so far with the result that 1 Richmond, with a view to settling once and for convinced we had in the west of England å ever one of two very difficult Byronic points. I independent school of melody. I have, so fa had, of course, like every other gaping tourist, been able to track a very few tunes. I shall b been shown the “Salle de Reception" in the obliged if any of your readers can help me to trgae Hôtel de Ville at Brussels, where, according to some of the ballads. I give one to begin with: those pests the town guides, I had been assured

THE MOWER. that the Duke of Brunswick's “prophetic ear"

As I walked out one morning, had caught the sound of his own doom. And yet

The fourteenth of July, I was not happy. Feeling sure that the Duchess

I met a maid, she ask'd my trade, of Richmond would not have given a ball in the

And thus I did reply : Hôtel de Ville, I determined to apply to a lady

“ It is my occupation, love,

To journey up and down who was actually present on that occasion. On

With scythe upon my shoulder, for April 9, 1884, Lady De Ros very kindly wrote

To mow the meadows down." down the following words, which I shall treasure

She said, “ Thou lusty mower, all my life long :

There's work I trow for thee; “The ball given by my mother the Duchess of Rich

I'll find the task that thou dost ask mond, 15 June, 1815, took place in the Rue de la Blanch

If thou wilt follow me. isserie, where we lived, in the lower part of the town of

There is a pretty meadow' Bruxelles. There was no park attached to it, but a

That's kept for thee in store, moderate-sized garden. The house had belonged to &

Besprent with dew, I tell thee true; coachmaker, and the warehouse in which he kept his

'Twas never mown before. carriages was converted into a long narrow room, in

"And in that gentle meadow which the ball took place. In 1868 I looked in vain for

Are neither hills nor rocks ; the house and the street, and, after many inquiries, was

I pray thee mow, and do not go told that the house had been pulled down, and the street

Until the hay's in pokes." no longer existed, or if it did its name was changed. “GEORGIANA DE Ros."

I answered: “Lovely maiden,

With thee I cannot stay, It further appears, by the evidence of Lord

For I must go elsewhere to mow William Pitt Lennox, published by Sir William

Another field of hay.

"And if the grass be all cut down • Italics are mine.

In the country where I go,

Then it may be I'll come to thee,

with the addition of “The second Edition, corI'll come tby bay to mow.

rected and augmented by the Author"; the same I'll come before the break of day, And if I be alive,

motto from Macrobius, below which is the arms of The herbage sweet about thy feet

the University of Oxford, with the letters AC. OX. Shall fall before the scythe.”

separated by the shield ; the imprint same as beNow summer days are over,

fore, but with the date 1624 ; title and dedication Now harvest too is o'er,

two leaves ; 557 pp.; index. British Musem The gallant mower 's far away,

pressmark 8408. I.
He cometh here no more.
And where he stays I cannot tell,

Third edition, folio.--Engraved title; two leaves
Away beyond the hill.

of verses, one dedication ; 646 pp.; four leaves of Alas, alas ! the meadow grass

index; one leaf of errata; one leaf with imIs growing, growing still,

print of Henry Cripps. There is, I think, a copy It will be noticed that there is a confusion as to in the British Museum, but I have not a note of who speaks.

S. BARING-GOULD. the pressmark. The pressmark of the Bodleian

copy is M. 5. 2. Art. It is imperfect, wanting the

two leaves of verses. On the title is “ Rob BurROBERT BURTON.

ton” in the author's handwriting. The copy in There is not, so far as I am aware, any accurate the Library of Lincoln College, Oxford, pressmark description of the various early editions of the G. viii

. On the last board there is, in the author's * Anatomy of Melancholy.' This being the case, I hand :shall perhaps be doing a service by transcribing "1628. Ex dono Rob, Burton authoris. the following memoranda for publication in 'N. &

Nunc opus est, tanta est insania transeat omnis Q: Much more might and ought to have been

Mundus in Anticyras, gramen in Helleborum.

R. B." added. They are, however, I believe, trustworthy so far as they go. All the books described have Anticyra was noted in ancient times for the hellebeen personally inspected by me. I made these

bore that grow there, which was reckoned a specific notes at a time when I had thoughts of issuing an from mental complaints, in the hope of receiving

for madness. People used to go there who suffered annotated edition of that learned and amusing book. The notes remain, perhaps for use at some future benefit from the medicinal plant. This is the first time by other hands than mine. I found that the edition which contains the engraved title. The work could not be carried out by any one, however plate is in much better condition than in any of the zealous or painstaking, who did not live in Lon- subsequent issues. don or at Oxford. The number of quotations is

Fourth edition.-Engraved title, verses concernvast beyond my powers of computation. No private ing it beginning “The distinct squares "; dedicalibrary contains a quarter of the volumes Burton tion one leaf; verses two leaves ; 722 pp.; index laid under contribution, and for an edition such as five leaves. On the back of last leaf, “Oxford printed I had in my mind it would have been necessary by John Lichfield Printer to the Famous Vni. that the references to all these should have been versity, for Henry Cripps Ann. Dom. 1632.” The verified.

British Museum copy (pressmark 715. i. 12) has First edition, 1621, 4to.

written on the title, "E. Lib. Tho. Gent Civ. Lond.

& Ebor 1735." “The Anatomy of Melancholy, what it is, with all the kindes, cavies, symptomes, prognostickes and severall

Fifth edition, 1638.-One leaf of verses ; en. cures of it. In three maino partitions, with their graved title ; one leaf of dedication ; two leaves of seuerall Sections, Members, and Subsections. Philo- verses ; two leaves of synopsis ; 723 pp.; errata sophically, Medicinally, historically opened and cvt vp.on last page of index. British Museum pressmark By Democritus Junior. With a Satyrical Preface, con- 8408. 1. The copy in the library of Corpus Christi, ducing to the following Discourse. Macrob. Omne meum, nihil meum, At Oxford Printed by John Lich- Oxford, has an inscription in Burton's hand, “Ex field and James Short, for Henry Cripps. Anno. Dom. dono Roberti Burton authoris 1638. mense Julio." 2621."

Sixth edition. — Frontispiece, at the bottom The title-page and dedication two leaves. There London, printed & are to be sould by Hen. Crips are no verses following them. The conclusion to & Lodo. Lloyd at their shop in Popes head alloy the reader three unpaged leaves, dated “From my 1652 "; dedication one leaf ; verses three leaves ; stadie in Christ Church Oxon. Decemb 5. 1620”; 723 pp. On the last leaf of index is a notice that one page of errata; no index. The British Museum the author has died "since the last impression,” copy has the press mark C. 45. C., and an auto- signed “H. C.” The imprint at the end is dated graph inscription on the back of the dedication, 1651. British Museum pressmark 715. i. 13;

1621 Ex dono Roberti Burton authoris Ædis Bodleian, Bliss. 2. 272. This copy has 1651 on huiusce alumpi.” The press mark of the Bodleian the engraved title, as well as at the end. In the copy is “Mason AA, 500."

Library of the University of Leiden there is a very Second edition, folio.—Titlo same as before, fine copy of this edition. It has 1652 on the title,


and 1651 at the end, as is also the case with an be said that this is a passage which des inferior copy purchased at the Manwaring sale, annually to be read “upon St. Crispin's Das, "=-* Coleby Hall, Lincolnshire, about thirty-six years commemorative of it in the North of Exis ago, and now in my possession.

shoemakers used to have a holiday upon the ro Seventh edition, 1660.-On the engraved title rence of the day of the patron saint of the erat. is,

The Shakspearian estimate of the British " London, Printed for H. Cripps and are to be sold at cannot, of course, be correct, and is set much te his shop in Popes-head allie, and by E. Wallis at the the mark, which seems really to have been abe. Hors-shoo in the Old Baley 1660."

1,000, or 1,500:There are two copies in the British Museum, Edward the Duke of York, the Earl of Suffok, 715. 1. 14 and Grenville 19,650. There are also Sir Richard Ketly, Davy Gam, esquire: two copies in the Bodleian, L. 3. 14.; Jur. B. Subt.

None else of name: and of all other men 202.

But five-and-twenty.—Henry V.,' IV. viii. Eighth edition.

Macaulay has also a fine allusion to the ange's “London Printed for Peter Parker, at the sign of the the British lion in his chivalrous poem Legg & starr in Cornhill over against ye Royal Exchange Armada ':1676."

So glared he when at Agincourt in wrath he tars The engraved title is from a new plate, and badly

to bay, executed. The text is in double columns. There and crushed and torn beneath his feet the prise is a copy in the Royal Collection in the British Is it known who Davy Gam was, and whether

hunters lay. Museum, 40. f. 15.

The above is, I believe, the last of the old descendants are yet existing in Wales; or i editions of the work. No reprint appeared in the rescued from oblivion by this solitary mentior last century, but there have been many issues in his name? Not only was Agincourt immortalir recent days. The work grew under its author's by Shakspeare, but one of his contemporaries, Ft hands. I have ascertained that the editions pub- was also Warwickshire born, just one year befor lished during his life do not any of them contain a

him-in 1563— Michael Drayton, author of the complete text. Any future editor should make 'Poly-Olbion,' wrote a fine poem in sixteen stars

: the fifth or sixth edition the basis of his work, as

on the victory of Agincourt, and which is Di these are perfect, and are freer from misprints than so generally known as it deserves to be. succeeding issues. To do the work properly, how.

Nor has the other passage of British arms ever, it would be necessary in preparing the text death-charge of Balaclava-wanted a poet, e to have all the editions published during the our. Laureate, who has sung The Charge of author's lifetime consulted, as they contain various Light Brigade' in stirring numbers in one of readings that it is important to note.

most spirited efforts of his muse. There is

So For some reason (why I do not know) the first a very fine march of the same name. edition, in quarto, is considered a very rare book, freshly remembered," and, like Aginc and fetches high prices when it occurs at sales. I

“familiar in our mouths as household words." think, however, it must be rather common, as I


Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. have seen many copies of it. On the other hand, the second edition (the only folio issue without the SURNAMES. - The following passage I ha engraved title) seems really very scarce. I have quoted from Mr. L. Lloyd's Scandinavian Ac only seen four copies of it.

ventures,' 1854. It may not impossibly thro

EDWARD PEACOCK. some light on the origin of a class of English su Bottesford Manor, Brigg.

names concerning which there has been muc

speculation, and more than one foolish guess he BATTLE OF AGINCOURT: Davy Gam.-Henry V. been accepted for truth in certain quarters :seems to have been one of the most popular sove

“Few of the Swedish peasants have surnames, and ir reigns that ever reigned in England, and recently, Christian name in addition to their own.

consequence their children simply take their father's , on October 25, St. Crispin's Day, the memory was if the father's name be Sven Larsson, his sons', in cm

For example recalled of this "famous victory” and also of sequence, would be Jans or Nils Svens-son; and bit another instance of British valour, the death- daughters', Maria or Eliza Svens-daughter. The com charge of the six hundred at Balaclava. Agincourt fusion that this system creates would be endless, were is reminds us of the days when “ England was but a party is usually

attached to his name. In the army

not that in all matters of business the residence of the fling, save for the crooked stick and grey goose to prevent the confusion that would otherwise arise, et wing." Shakspeare, in one of the finest passages common soldiers therefore are designated by fictitious of the historical plays, ' Henry V., IV. iii., has de- (generally monosyllabic) names; as, for instance, name: scribed the courage of Henry V. on the eve of the of birds, beasts, trees, &c.”—I. 366n. great battle, which seems to have increased propor- I have occasionally, though but very rarely, met tionately with the difficulties it had to face. It may with

“ daughter” as a name-ending in early Eag:



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lish documents. It has not, so far as I know, daughters, one of them married, standing in array ready survived in that position to the present time.

to receive us. We kissed the girls, but not the married ASTARTE.

ladies, and thereby greatly offended the latter, but Duval

[a French Protestant clergyman] apologized for our VERSES ON FLY-LEAF OF A HISTORY OF THE blunder, and explained to us that when saluting we must WINDSOR-CLIVE FAMILY.'—During a tour in South always kiss the senior lady first and leave the girls and

children to the last; after dinner it was considered suffi. Wales a few years ago I turned in one day at the cient to kies the hostess only in recognition of the hos“Clive Arms,” Caerphilly, for a rest and a meal, pitality received.” and picked up a book to amuse myself with Thereafter, he adds, he and all his travelling comHistory of the Windsor-Clive Family'-on the panions, with the exception of one who could not fly-leaf of which I found the following verses, be prevailed upon, complied most scrupulously which


be deemed worthy of preservation in with the rules of etiquette. 'N. & Q. They tell the story of a former traveller Bethlen moved in the best society in London. detained by stress of weather :

He was received by Charles II. " in publica solenni Unbroken solitude and misty gloom

audientia " surrounded by a throng of noblemen ; Reigned undisturbed in this well-furnished room, he called on the “Dux Eboracensis, Rupertus Whilst whistling wind, and never ceasing rain,

Palatinus Rheni,” and many noblemen of high Display their strength against the window pane,

rank. At Oxford he was entertained and made Sweet household literature within is scarce, The tables unadorned with prose or verse;

very much of by the professors, who, he informs And nought conspire to keep my brain alive,

us, spoke Latin with difficulty; In fact everybody Save this dull monograph of Windsor-Clive.

in England, he tells us, considered it a great tor. No matter where in future I may roam,

ture to be obliged to speak Latin, and he was O'er classic Greece, or catacombs of Rome,

therefore compelled to air his broken English, With shudd'ring thought, my niemory back will stray which he had picked up at Leyden under the To dull Caerphilly on a rainy day.

tuition of a poor Englishman. WM. Geo. FRETTON, F.S.A. I have known that passage relating to the cusCoventry.

tom of kissing for some time, but have hitherto

always treated it as a "traveller's tale.” Recently, LITERARY PARALLEL.— 'Richard II.,' I. iii.:- however, I found it again alluded to in a German 0, who can hold a fire in his hand

writer, who gives Erasmus of Rotterdam as his By thinking on the frosty Caucasus ?


L. L. K.
Or cloy the hungry edge of appetite
By bare imagination of a feast?

[See Erasmus on Kissing,' 6th S. vii. 69, 93, 116; viii. Or wallow naked in December snow

58; xi. 92.] By thinking on fantastic summer's heat?

ERRATUM IN INDEX TO SIXTH SERIES, VOL. XI., Compare the following passage from the Hak

AND GENERAL INDEX.-In the index to the Sixth damah to Saadya Gaon's 'Emupot ve-deot' (He- Series, under " Proverbs and Phrases,” the third brow philosophical work, beginning of tenth reference to Green Baize Road' should be 220 century) =

instead of 200. The same correction is necessary Let him who has no money imagine that his coffers in the index to vol. xi., Sixth Series; and under are full, and let him see how little this thought will profit him. Or if he is forty, let him think himself seventy,

“ Marshall, J.," should be added “Green Baize and what will he gain? Let him fancy himself satisfieå Road," 220.

W. E. BUCKLEY. with food when he is hungry, or that his thirst is quenched though he has not yet drunk, and what boots EGYPTIAN HIEROGRAMS ON ENGLISH PICTURES. it? Let him think that he is warmly clad when he is - One of the most familiar Egyptian hierograms really naked, or that his enemy is dead and no longer to is that of a globe with wings, with sometimes a be dreaded when he still lives, able to do him harm. rod entwined by two serpents—the caduceus of What good will these delusions do to him?"


Mercury. In Brydges's 'Peers of James I.,' p. 394,

there is an engraving of Charles Brandon, Duke of Kissing THE LADIES AN ENGLISH MODE of Suffolk, and his wife, Mary Tudor, sister of King SALUTATION.- Nicolaus de Bethlen, a pupil of Henry VIII. The lady holds this emblem in her Dr. Basire at Alba Julia, visited England during right hand, and it is surmounted by a cross bar the winter of 1663/4, and relates the following in resting on the serpents’ beads. From the extreme his 'Autobiography'*:

points of the bar depend little balls. Among the "Being unaware of the fact that it was customary in pictures at Longleat there is one of Francis I. and England to kiss the corner of the mouth of ladies by way his wife, Eleanor of Austria, in which the lady is of salutation, instead of shaking hands as we do in Hun- represented holding the same emblem slightly gary, my younger brother and I behaved very rudely on varied. The globe looks more like a pineapple or one occasion. We were invited to dinner to the house of a gentleman of high rank, and found his wife and three artichoke, and at the ends of the cross bar hang

what appear to be two little bells. It has been * Published at Pest in 1856, et seq.

suggested that in this picture it may be meant

ren be


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as an emblem of the Peace of Cambray ("La light would be regarded as a mark of honete
Paix des Dames"), which was concluded in 1529, Besides Sir Francis had a monument and an elab
the same year in which these two high personages rate epitaph in old St. Paul's, preserved in Dar
were married. But this explanation does not fit dale, which he would hardly have had if he
the other picture, because Charles Brandon and executors had no estate to administer.
Mary Tudor had nothing to do with the Peace of

Cambray, and were married fourteen years before

EPIGRAM.—The following has been, I belier it, viz., in 1515. The two pictures are very much alike as to the attitude of the parties, and in both published by Wordsworth, but the date has a of them there is a fool or jester in the background. 1726, St. James's Evening Post. It was speedily

been given for his appearance, viz., April 14-16 In the 'Harleian Miscellany,' vol. viii. p. 136

M (8vo. edition), is an article headed "The Quack's copied by the other newspapers :On the Bursar of S. John's College, Oxford, cutting

M Academy; or, Dunce's Direction,' in wbich (among

doron a fine row of trees,

4, others) this piece of instruction is given :

Indulgent Nature to each kind bestows “Secondly, like Mercury, you must alway carry a A secret instinct to discern its foes, Caduceus, or conjuring Japan in your hand, capped with

The goose, a silly bird, avoids the fox, a civet-box; with wbich you must walk with gravity as Lambs fly from wolves, and sailors steer from rocks;

th in deep contemplation upon the arbitrement between life

A rogue the gallows as his fate foresees, and death." And bears a like antipathy to trees.

TH Were Egyptian hierograms in fashion among the


fat ladies in Henry VIII.'s reign as mere ornaments,

BLEISHO. (See 76 S. vi. 347.)—I hope you: or had they any serious meaning ? J. E. J.

learned and valued correspondent MR. BRADLET Sir Francis WALSINGHAM AND THE 'ARCANA will not think me intrusive if I suggest that the AULICA.In N. & Q.,' 1• S. x. 290, there is an local authorities have imposed a fictitious name. interesting note on this little volume, ascribed to the place where he resides. We are familiar with Walsingham, at least as the translator. Thirty- the title of St. John of Bletsoe, or Bletshoe, but four years have elapsed since that note was written, in Burke's Armory' another spelling occurs,

a and in the interval the author of the original work, namely, Bletsho. I have no doubt that this was

bei said to have been written in French, may have the word originally intended to designate the road, been discovered. Is it now known who wrote it and theats by ieme mistakes thet

was changed into forte May it not have been Walsingham's own?..With Bletshon is a recognized name ; Bleisho seems the the exception of his numerous letters, printed in to be nonsense. Digges's Compleat Ambassador '(1655–1691), the

PROGRAMME. We write anagram, diagram only accredited writings of Sir Francis Walsingham are his brief essays entitled 'Anatomizing of Honesty, phonogram, telegram, cryptogram, monogram, &c Ambition, and Fortitude," printed amongst si Nay, in some recent scientific works gram ei

already found in lieu of gramme. Why not dis Robert Cotton's ‘Posthumia' in 1651, and reprinted in the Somers Tracts,' vol. i. These compartilhe two useless letters at the end of the wors Li .


L. L. K. It is quite possible that Walsingham wrote the

Queries. 'Arcana Aulica,' and it is in keeping with his subtle and politic character that he should repre- We must request correspondents desiring informatio. sent the work as a translation, or that he should on family matters of only private interest, to affix thoi

names and addresses to their queries, in order that thyears lead others to think so. Was not his motto, video

Answers may be addressed to them direct. et taceo ? There is a French translation of the 'Arcana Aulica,' rendered directly from the


CHEESE-MAKING. — There are certain utensil tirst copy, entitled '' Maximes Politiques de Walsing: used in cheese-making called chesford and chessel. ham, and published at Amsterdam in 1717. This I should be glad to know exactly what these are, is in the fourth volume of a work entitled “Memoires and whether any more likely derivation for them et Instructions pour les Ambassadeurs, ou Lettres et Negotiations de Walsingham, Secretaire d'Etat, they are respectively corruptions of cheese-fat and

can be suggested than the current conjecture that sous Elizabeth, &c. Traduit de l’Anglois. Seconde cheese well. The forms chessart, cheswirt, chizzard, Edition." Sir Francis died at his town house in Seething of chessford, and make its derivation from.cheessa

and kaisart are also given by Jamieson as variants Lane, London, April 6, 1590. Most biographers fat stili less likely. We want early instances for so poor that his friends were obliged to

all these words.

J. A. H. MURRAY. bury him in St. Paul's late at night in the most

The Scriptorium, Oxford. private manner.” But night funerals were pot unusual at this period, and were not necessarily an BOOK OF MARTYRS.—Will any one give me the it is to indication of poverty. To be interred by torch- title and date of a small, thin quarto book o

J. Dixon.

obta for




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