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of National Biography.' is too obvious to need statement. We trust that “I consider it the most valuable book of reference Mr. Foster, whose unwearied and honest labour in I have."—VERE L. OLIVER. genealogy is well known, will receive a proper “I am very delighted with the book, and conamount of support."-Spectator.
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ALFRED V. PATON. Mr. Foster's spirited efforts will win him grateful “I thank you very much for having brought out recognition, and we are anxious to give a task such a work so splendidly executed, and at so reasonable as he now undertakes all the publicity in our a price. The arrangement is lucid, the printing power.”—Notes and Queries,
good, and the binding in every way suitable. The “ Upon the extraordinary value of this great un- fund of information you give is beyond all concepdertaking for biographical and genealogical pur- tion.”—W. G. DIMOCK-FLETCHER. poses it is unnecessary to dwell.”-Academy.
"By the publication of these transcripts Mr. “The book arrived safely. Beautiful and inter. Foster is conferring a great boon on students of esting.”—THE BISHOP OF CHESTER.
recent academic history. However imperfect the “I wish to express my admiration of the manner biographical details and references he has added in which the book has been prepared and edited, may be, and however impossible it may be to keep and my appreciation of its great value and utility.“ free from error a book which comprehends so many
J. BELLAMY, Vice-Chancellor, &c. myriads of statements, if the book were (as it is “A magnificent book...... The · Alumni' will be not) no more than an alphabetical index of those of priceless service to all future workers at the who have matriculated at the University it woulo History of Oxford. We shall want the earlier be of inestimable value, and very unlikely to be transcripts badly as soon as the later ones are all ever superseded...... In helping him I felt I wa out.”-THE PROVOST OF QUEEN'S COLLEGE. helping all future students of the history of Os.
“ The accuracy is greater than I am used to find ford."-See Prefatory Note by THE PROVOST ON in books of reference."
QUEEN'S COLLEGE, Oxford Historical Society M. H. GREEN, Trin. Coll. Oxford. Publications, vol. ix. p. xx.
Oxford : PARKER & CO.; and 6, Southampton-street, Strand,
LONDON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1888.
words of Sir William Fraser, “I found myself in
a room, the remembrance of which will live so CONTENTS.-No 154.
long as the English language. It is 120 feet long, NOTES :-The Waterloo Ball, 441--
Ballads of the West of 64 broad, and about 13 feet high ; the floor smooth England, 442–Robert Burton, 443-- Battle of Agincourt enough to be danced on to-night.” Surnames, 444 - Verses on Fly-leat - Literary Parallel Kissing-Erratum-Egyptian Hierograms, 445—Walsingham Sir William tells us that this room answers preand the 'Arcana Aulica'—Epigram--Bleisho - Programme, cisely to the description given to him by the lady
who had been present at the ball; that it is immeQUERIES :-Cheese-making-- Rook of Martyrs, 446--Heraldic diately in the rear of the Duke of Richmond's
"There's a difference I ween"-Klaus Groth's Lecture in house ; that it stands in the Rue de la Blanche Eclogues-Amsterdam Bourse, 447—Bradford Family Ten-builder. We are further told that this room is London-Thos. Dray--Musical Taste in Birds--Workmen's isserie ; and that in 1815 it belonged to a coachnyson's J. 8. -Parkin-Liquid Gas-Archbishops of YorkThomas Lawson - Infants never Langh - Harvest Horn- capable of holding at least four hundred persons. Wyddelin – Mercury - Society of Kabbalists – Alope'
Shortly after the appearance of Sir William Beans in Leap-year, 448-Uncle-J. Hackman-Definition of
a Proverb-Judge Best--Biography-Authors Wanted, 449. Fraser's very straightforward and, to my mind, REPLIES :-Stroud as a Place-name, 449 The Printer's
convincing letter, a lady wrote to the Times, and Chapel, 450 — American Notes and Queries, 451-A Forty- pointed out that 'N. & Q.,' 4th S. iii. 261, conArst Child-Lestock, 452 - Parchment Wills - Dictionary tained a note by MR. C. W. BINGHAM, which Desiderata - English Grammars-Plague of London-Finnish Folk-tales, 453-Milton-Chaucer's Balade of Gentilnesse runs as follows:-Cromwell and Carlisle Cathedral—" Bring" and " Take"
“I had a recent opportunity of inquiring of a person, -Leases for 999 Years, 454-Cherries - Dr. A. Crombie Irish House of Commons-Tragedies concerning Mary Stuart than whom none was more likely to be informed, and - Rose, Thistle, and Shamrock, 455 - Prices of Books — | although he could not give me the number
of the house, Charles I.-Belgian Custom-Harleian Society, 456-Arms he appeared to me to identify it with that in the Rue in Abbotsbury Church-Note in Rogers's 'Italy'-"In his des Cendres. He said it was in a small street near the buttons "-Kinsmen -- Dicey-Sir S. Connock, 457–Tweenie Jardin Botanique, and leading out of the Rue de la - Cawsey-Author of Poem-Persian Peacock-Nonjurors - Blanchisserie ; and added that the room in which the Medicean Stars, 458.
ball was given was the gallery of a late coach-builder's NOTES ON BOOKS:-Nutt's 'Studies on the Holy Grail - shop, thus rather destroying the illusion of Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society.'
The window'd niche of that high hall.” Notices to Correspondents, &c.
This lady further refers us to Major Cotton's
little book, 'A Voice from Waterloo, where, at Notes.
p. 13, we are told that the Duchess of Richmond's
house was No. 9, Rue des Cendres, Boulevard THE WATERLOO BALL.
Botanique, near the Porte de Cologne. Thus it On Aug. 25 there appeared in the Times a letter, will be seen that we are in possession of corroborwritten by Sir William Fraser, which is worthy of ative evidence, gathered from fields wide apart. attention. Sir William tells us that, some time Bat, as might have been expected, grave objections before leaving England, he conversed with a lady were raised against Sir William Fraser's theory, who danced with his father at the Duchess of and, among others, Lord De Ros wrote to the Richmond's ball in June, 1815.. From the de- Times to say that his mother, who was present at scriptions given by that lady, Sir William was the Waterloo Ball, assured him that the room in induced to search for the Duke of Richmond's which the ball took place was on the ground floor, house in the Rue de la Blanchisserie at Brussels. and that its size did not by any means correspond After considerable trouble the site of that house with the dimensions of the room which Sir William was found in the Rue des Cendres. It is now Fraser has discovered—a fact which, Lord De Ros covered by a large hospital, one of whose wings says, is further proved by a ground-plan of the formed part of the duke's house. After examining Duke of Richmond's house in the possession of the garden behind this wing in vain for traces of a Lady De Ros. ball-room, Sir William observed, above the wall I think that a moment's consideration will of the hospital, the roof of a high building, which minimize the value of that ground-plan as evihe was told is the brewery of the Rue de la Blanch-dence. Here is no question of the size of the isserie. Oo inquiry at the brewery the proprietor Duke of Richmond's rooms. The ball was held said that he knew nothing anent a ball-room, and in a room belonging to a coach-builder adjacent on being further questioned as to how this brewery to the family residence. All the ground-plans in came into his possession, said that his father had Brussels would not throw light beyond their own purchased it from a coach-builder of the name of immediate spheres. I take it that the coachVan Asch. Here, then, was a clue. "Had the builder lent his room; that a covering was made coach-builder a depôt ?" inquired the visitor. to connect it with the Duke of Richmond's house ; “ Yes; a very large one. It is now my granary." and that, for one night only, the two edifices were Thereupon Sir William and the proprietor mounted practically joined. to the first floor of this granary, where, in the On Sept. 25 Dr. James Martin, of Wood view,
Portlaw, wrote to the Times, enclosing a copy of a Fraser in the Times (September), that the ball letter that he had received from the Lady Louisa which his mother had given, and at which he was Tighe, which I will give in full :
present, did “not take place at the residence of “Dear Dr. Martin, -In answer to your letter, I beg to the duchess, but in some sort of an old barn at the inform you that the ball was given in my father's house, * back or behind." Thus it will be seen that the and in the room which we used as our schoolroom, theory of Sir William Fraser is borne out by where we, the children, had our meals, and it was also strong contemporary evidence. I congratulate our playroom. The dancing was in the
room I mention. him on having made a discovery, and on settling I was allowed to sit up and see the ball...... The room was a long one, with several windows looking towards a point which has perplexed us long. the stables. It was a room on the ground floor, and the
RICHARD EDGCUMBE. dining room and my father's study all on the same floor, 33, Tedworth Square, S.W. but the dining-room and study looked out to the pretty garden, which reached the ramparts, and was extensive.
In that garden there was a house which seemed to be BALLADS AND SONGS OF THE WEST P a store for carriages. It was some way from the house,
ENGLAND. and concealed by large horse-chestnut troes and small sbrubs, but not used by our family, and I am quite certain It was usual about fifty years ago, in taverns the ball took place in our schoolroom, as I remember it in Devon and Cornwall, for certain men who were well, and all the sad scenes of wounded men brought into well known in their districts as famous song-men Brussels after the battle of Waterloo."
to be given free entertainment if they sang to Here, then, we have a real difficulty: Lady amuse the company gathered about the fire. A Louisa Tighe was in the Duke of Richmond few of these old song-men linger on toothless and house at the time of the ball, and so was Lady De decrepit, and from them I have begun to collect Ros, her sister. Both ladies have a distinct the traditional ballads and songs they sang recollection of the locale of the immortal scene, formerly. Some of them can neither read nor write. and yet they are not of one mind as to whether the profession—if so it may be called—was in many the ball took place in the Duke of Richmond's cases hereditary, and those who remain learned house or at a coach-builder's adjoining. I think most of their songs from their fathers. I have we may take it that the Lady De Ros would be collected already about eighty with their tanes, more likely to be accurate than her younger sister, and am comparing the latter with the melodies in who was still in the schoolroom. In April, 1884, Darfey, the Compleat Dancing Master,' and other I approached Lady De Ros through the Duke of early collections, so far with the result that I am Richmond, with a view to settling once and for convinced we had in the west of England an ever one of two very difficult Byronic points. I independent school of melody. I have, so far, had, of course, like every other gaping tourist, been able to track a very few tunes. I shall be been shown the "Salle de Reception” in the obliged if any of your readers can help me to trace Hôtel de Ville at Brussels, where, according to some of the ballads. I give one to begin with :those pests the town guides, I had been assured
THE MOWER. that the Dake of Brunswick's “prophetic ear"
As I walked out one morning, had caught the sound of his own doom. And yet
The fourteenth of July, I was not happy. Feeling sure that the Duchess
I met a maid, she ask'd my trade, of Richmond would not have given a ball in the
And thus I did reply : Hôtel de Ville, I determined to apply to a lady
" It is my occupation, love,
To journey up and down who was actually present on that occasion. On
With scythe upon my shoulder, for April 9, 1884, Lady De Ros very kindly wrote
To mow the meadows down." down the following words, which I shall treasure
She said, “ Thou lusty mower, all my life long :
There's work I trow for thee; “The ball given by my mother the Duchess of Rich
I'll find the task that thou dost ask mond, 15 June, 1815, took place in the Rue de la Blanch
If thou wilt follow me. isserie, where we lived, in the lower part of the town of
There is a pretty meadow Bruxelles. There was no park attached to it, but a
That's kept for thee in store, moderate-sized garden. Tho house had belonged to a
Besprent with dew, I tell thee true; coachmaker, and the warehouse in which he kept his
'I'was never mown before. carriages was converted into a long narrow room, in
"And in that gentle meadow which the ball took place. In 1868 I looked in vain for
Are neither hills nor rocks ; the house and the street, and, after many inquiries, was
I pray thee mow, and do not go told that the house had been pulled down, and the street
Until the hay's in pokes." no longer existed, or if it did its name was changed. “GEORGIANA DE Ros,"
I answered : " Lovely maiden,
With thee I cannot stay, It further appears, by the evidence of Lord
For I must go elsewhere to mow William Pitt Lennox, published by Sir William
Another field of hay.
"And if the grass be all cut down • Italics are mine.
'In the country where I go,
Then it may be I'll come to thee,
with the addition of “The second Edition, corI'll come thy bay to mow.
rected and augmented by the Author"; the same I'll come before the break of day, And if I be alive,
motto from Macrobius, below which is the arms of The herbage sweet about thy feet
the University of Oxford, with the letters AC. OX. Shall fall before the scythe.”
separated by the shield ; the imprint same as beNow summer days are over,
fore, but with the date 1624 ; title and dedication Now harvest too is o'er,
two leaves ; 557 pp.; index. British Musem The gallant mower 's far away,
pressmark 8408. I.
Third edition, folio.—Engraved title; two leaves
of verses, one dedication ; 646 pp.; four leaves of Alas, alas! the meadow grass
index; one leaf of errata; one leaf with imIs growing, growing still,
print of Henry Cripps. There is, I think, a copy It will be noticed that there is a confusion as to in the British Museum, but I have not a note of who speaks.
S. BARING-GOULD. the pressmark. The pressmark of the Bodleian
copy is M. 5. 2. Art. It is imperfect, wanting the
two leaves of verses. On the title is “Rob BurROBERT BURTON,
ton” in the author's handwriting. The copy in There is not, so far as I am aware, any accurate the Library of Lincoln College, Oxford, pressmark description of the various early editions of the G. viii. On the last board there is, in the author's * Anatomy of Melancholy.' This being the case, I hand :shall perhaps be doing a service by transcribing
"1628. Ex dono Rob, Burton authoris. the following memoranda for publication in 'N. &
Nunc opus est, tanta est insania transeat omnis Q: Much more might and ought to have been Mundus in Anticyras, gramen in Helleborum.
R. B." added. They are, however, I believe, trustworthy Anticyra was noted in ancient times for the belleso far as they go. All the books described have bore that grew there, which was reckoned a specific been personally inspected by me. I made these notes at a time when I had thoughts of issuing an
for madness. People used to go there who suffered annotated edition of that learned and amusing book. from mental complaints, in the hope of receiving The notes remain, perhaps for use at some future benefit from the medicinal plant. This is the first time by other hands than mine. I found that the edition which contains the engraved title. The work could not be carried out by any one, however plate is in much better condition than in any of the zealous or painstaking, who did not live in Lon- subsequent issues. don or at Oxford. The number of quotations is
Fourth edition.-Engraved title, verses concernvast beyond my powers of computation. No private ing it beginning “ The distinct squares”; dedicalibrary contains a quarter of the volumes Burton tion one leaf ; verses two leaves ; 722 pp.; index laid under contribution, and for an edition such as five leaves. On the back of last leaf, “Oxford printed I had in my mind it would have been necessary by John Lichfield Printer to the Famous Vni. that the references to all these should have been versity, for Henry Cripps And. Dom. 1632.” The verified.
British Museum copy (pressmark 715. i. 12) has First edition, 1621, 4to.
written on the title, "E. Lib. Tho. Gent Civ. Lond.
& Ebor 1735." “The Anatomy of Melancholy, what it is, with all the kindes, cavses, symptomes, prognostickes and severall
Fifth edition, 1638.--One leaf of verses ; encures of it. In three maine partitions, with their graved title; one leaf of dedication ; two leaves of seuerall Sections, Members, and Subsections. Pbilo- verses ; two leaves of synopsis ; 723 pp.; errata sophically, Medicinally, historically opened and cvt vp. on last page of index. British Museum pressmark By Democritus Junior. With a Satyrical Proface, con- 8408. 1. The copy in the library of Corpus Christi, ducing to the following Discourse. Macrob. meum, nihil meum. At Oxford Printed by John Lich- Oxford, has an inscription in Burton's hand, “Ex field and James Short, for Henry Cripps. Anno. Dom. dono Roberti Burton authoris 1638. mense Julio." 2621."
Sixth edition. — Frontispiece, at the bottom The title-page and dedication two leaves. There" London, printed & are to be sould by Hen. Crips are no verses following them. The conclusion to & Lodo. Lloyd at their shop in Popes head alloy the reader three unpaged leaves, dated “From my 1652"; dedication one leaf ; verses three leaves ; studie in Christ Church Oxon. Decemb 5. 1620”; 723 pp. On the last leaf of index is a notice that one page of errata; no index. The British Museum the author has died “since the last impression,” copy has the press mark C. 45. C., and an auto- signed “H. C.” The imprint at the end is dated graph inscription on the back of the dedication, 1651. British Museum pressmark 715. i. 13; * 1621 Ex dono Roberti Burton authoris Ædis Bodleian, Bliss. 2. 272. This copy has 1651 on huiusce alumpi.” The press mark of the Bodleian the engraved title, as well as at the end. In the copy is “Mason AA. 500."
Library of the University of Leiden there is a very Second edition, folio. —Titlo same as before, fine copy of this edition. It has 1652 on the title, and 1651 at the end, as is also the case with an be said that this is a passage which deserves inferior copy purchased at the Manwaring sale, annually to be read “upon St. Crispin’s Day," and Coleby Hall, Lincolnshire, about thirty-six years commemorative of it in the North of England ago, and now in my possession.
shoemakers used to have a holiday upon the recurSeventh edition, 1660.-On the engraved title rence of the day of the patron saint of the craft. is,
The Shakspearian estimate of the British loss "London, Printed for H. Cripps and are to be sold at cannot, of course, be correct, and is set much below his shop in Popes-head allie, and by E. Wallis at the the mark, which seems really to bave been about Hors-shoo in the Old Baley 1660."
1,000, or 1,500:There are two copies in the British Museum, Edward the Duke of York, the Earl of Suffolk, 715. 1. 14 and Grenville 19,650. There are also Sir Richard Ketly, Davy Gam, esquire: two copies in the Bodleian, L. 3. 14.; Jur. B. Subt. None else of name: and of all other men 202.
But five-and-twenty.—'Henry V.,' IV. viii. Eighth edition.
Macaulay has also a fine allusion to the anger of “ London Printed for Peter Parker, at the sign of the the British lion in his chivalrous poem the Legg & starr in Cornhill over against ye Royal Exchange
So glared he when at Agincourt in wrath he turned The engraved title is from a new plate, and badly
to bay, executed. The text is in double columns. There And crushed and torn beneath his feet the princely is a copy in the Royal Collection in the British Is it known who Davy Gam was, and whether his Museum, 40. f. 15.
The above is, I believe, the last of the old descendants are yet existing in Wales; or is he editions of the work. No reprint appeared in the rescued from oblivion by this solitary mention of last century, but there have been many issues in his name? Not only was Agincourt immortalized recent days. The work grew under its author's by Shakspeare, but one of his contemporaries, who hands. I have ascertained that the editions pub-him-in 1563–Michael Drayton, author of the
was also Warwickshire born, just one year before lished during his life do not any of them contain a complete text. Any future editor should make 'Poly-Olbion,' wrote a fine poem in sixteen stanzas the fifth or sixth edition the basis of his work, as
on the victory of Agincourt, and which is not these are perfect, and are freer from misprints than so generally known as it deserves to be. succeeding issues. To do the work properly, how
Nor has the other passage of British arms—the ever, it would be necessary in preparing the text death-charge of Balaclava-wanted a poet, even to have all the editions published during the our Laureate, who has sung 'The Charge of the author's lifetime consulted, as they contain various Light Brigade' in stirring numbers in one of the readings that it is important to note.
most spirited efforts of his muse. There is also For some reason (why I do not know) the first
& very fine march of the same name. So it is edition, in quarto, is considered a very rare book, “ familiar in our mouths as household words."
freshly remembered," and, like Agincourt, and fetches high prices when it occurs at sales. I think, however, it must be rather common, as I
JOHN PICKFORD, M.A. have seen many copies of it. On the other hand,
Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. the second edition (the only folio issue without the SURNAMES. The following passage I have engraved title) seems really very scarce. I have quoted from Mr. L. Lloyd's Scandinavian Adonly seen four copies of it.
ventures,' 1854. It may not impossibly throw
EDWARD PEACOCK. some light on the origin of a class of English surBottesford Manor, Brigg.
names concerning which there has been much
speculation, and more than one foolish guess has BATTLE OF AGINCOURT: Davy Gam.-Henry V. been accepted for truth in certain quarters :seems to have been one of the most popular sove- “Few of the Swedish peasants have surnames, and in reigns that ever reigned in England, and recently, Christian name in addition to their own. For example
consequence their children simply, take their father's on October 25, St. Crispin's Day, the memory was if the father's name be Sven Larsson, his sons', in con recalled of this “famous victory” and also of sequence, would be Jans or Nils Svens-son; and hi another instance of British_valour, the death- daughters', Maria or Eliza Svens-daughter. The con charge of the six hundred at Balaclava. Agincourt fusion that this system creates would be endless, were reminds us of the days wben“ England was but
not that in all matters of business the residence of the Aling, save for the crooked stick and grey goose to prevent the confusion that would otherwise arise, to
party is usually attached to his name. In the army, an wing." Shakspeare, in one of the finest passages common soldiers therefore are designated by fictitica of the historical plays, ' Henry V., IV. iii., has de- (generally monosyllabic) names; as, for instance, nam scribed the courage of Henry V. on the eve of the of birds, beasts, trees, &c."-I. 366n. great battle, which seems to have increased propor- I have occasionally, though but very rarely, me tionately with the difficulties it had to face. It may with “ daughter” as a name-ending in early Eng