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logical Society for 1880-settled at Melbourne, co. poem of Riccaulton (the name is spelt Riccarton in Derby, some time between 1695 and 1750. Can Johnson) is in existence.

W. T. Lynn. any one tell me, or put me in the way of finding out, Blackheath. whence this branch of the family came ? Failing direct information, I should be grateful if some one

“ART FOR ART'S SAKE."—Will any of your would kindly recommend to me privately a trust- readers be good enough to inform me when and wortby record-searcher who might help me in the by whom the doctrine of " Art for art” was first matter. John WM. GARRETT PEGG. concisely formulated ?

DARCY LEVER. Chesham House, Chesbam Bois, Bucks.


your of the speciütor says that this phrase, as a witticism readers inform me of the exact position of this upon the Thirty-nine Articles, is to be found in court in the middle of the eighteenth century; the writings of Cardinal Newman. Is this correct? also if the same houses still exist; and what class I have been acquainted with the joke, such as it of tenants occupied them at the above-named is, for many years, but never thought it had such period?

A. W. GOULD. an illustrious origin, supposing it rather to have 10, Clive Road, West Hampstead.

been produced by some professional jester belonging

to the “religious press.” I doubt if any one can PIERRE DE ROŃSARD.—Did Pierre de Ronsard, find it in Newman's writings. the French poet, take holy orders late in life? Mr.

EDWARD 8. MARSHALL, M.A. Pater, in his article in Macmillan on 'Gaston de Hastings, Latour,' implies that he did not. Gustave Masson says positively, that he did. He certainly held

BAPTISMAL REGISTRY IN LIVERPOOL.-Can any ecclesiastical preferment.

one inform me what churches would be likely to A. HIPPISLEY SMITH.

have on their books the baptism of a person born Catwick Rectory, Hull.

in Liverpool early in the year 1828 ? [Pierre de Ronsard, or Ronsart, was Prieur de Saint

T. J. WILLSON. Cosme-en-l'Isle-lez-Tours, Titulaire de Croix-Val et de RED BOOK OF THE EXCHEQUER, in MS., conBellozans, and held other preferments. He was, however, a soldier, and we believe no priest. A Pierrre de taining the names of all those who beld lands per Ronsart, prêtre licencié ès-droits, juge aux assises royaulx baroniam in the reign of Henry II., with other du Mang, lived in 1498, and a second Pierre de Ronsart, matters pertaining to the nation before the Conprêtre, chanoine et archidiacre de Chateau-du-Loir, was quest. Wby called the Red Book? Is it written contemporary with the poet, being alive in 1580. It in red ink? Being a roll, it cannot bave a red cover. seems as if the identity of the last-named might have Where is this MS.; in the Museum or in the Rebeen confused with that of his more celebrated relative.]

cord Office ?

E. COBHAM BREWER. HERRICK.—Can any one point out allusions to this charming poet, “England's Oberon,” by eigh- last successful landing on any part of England by

INVASION OF ENGLAND.—The question of the teenth century writers ? They must, I imagine, be very scanty. Is not Herrick's Julia known, or

foreign soldiers is interesting. I have sometimes supposed to have been an imaginary person I thought that the march of the

four hundred What is the evidence on the point ?

Spanish soldiers from Newlyn to Penzance, when JONATHAN BOUCHIER.

Penzance was burnt, was the last, but I rather Ropley, Alresford, Hants.

think the French landed at Teignmouth under

Charles II. Of course the triumphant march of ALDERMEN BILLINGSGATE WARD. — Sir William III. from Brixham, in 1688, was no Thomas Adams, alderman of this ward, removed foreign invasion. There was a landing of the to Cornhill ward Sept. 16, 1646. Sir William French also in Wales at a later date. The history Peake, sheriff in 1660, was elected alderman of of the attempted invasions of England by foreign Billingsgate, probably in that year. The occupiers armies (successful or unsuccessful) would be interof the intervening fourteen years are much desired. esting just now in these days of naval manœuvres. JOHN J. STOCKEN.

W. S. L. S. 3, Heatbfield Road, Acton, W.

DOLLARS. —Please enlighten my ignorance as to THOMSON AND WINTER.'- In the account of how it was that Mrs. Sarah Battle came to play Thomson in the ninth edition of the 'Encyclopædia for dollars. Britannica' Prof. Minto says, “We have the poet's

" I once knew her forfeit a rubber (a five-dollar stake) own acknowledgment that the first hint of the because she would not take advantage of the turn-up Seasons' came from a striking dramatic poem by must have claimed by the diegraceful tenure of declaring

knave, which would have given it her, but which she Riccaulton, entitled 'A Winter's Day."" I should two for his heels." ;-Lamb's 'Essays,' “ Mrs. Battle's be glad to know where this statement of Thomson Opinions on Whist." is to be met with ; also whether any copy of the




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NICOLL FAMILY. -John Nicoll, one of the brilliant essay on Pitt; but there must be many clerks in the Bank of England in 1764, and after- allusions to " the heaven - born statesman in wards of the Court Lodge, Mountfield, Sussex, writers of the "Georgian era” which I should be died in 1788. Who was his father? Any facts glad to embody in my sketch, and for which I relating to his wife or children are also solicited. should be grateful.

E, WALFORD, M.A. E, H. W. Dunkin. 7, Hyde Park Mansions, N.W. Kidbrooke Park, Blackheath.

AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED.Praxedis, the Russian lady who was the second wife of the Emperor Henry IV., made certain know That where the fight is thickest, there is the

A pamphlet by Dr. Littledale concludes with "For we charges against her husband. Will some one tell king, or words to that effect. I quote from memory, me where I shall find a history of this case ? not possessing the pamphlet.

BLANCHE, Whether true or false, they were of political importance, though the subject is not of a kind suited to the columns of ‘N. & Q.'


Replies. Posts at Cross Roads.—What is the proper

NAMES OF DOGS. name of the posts that are placed at cross roads

(7th S. vi, 144.) with hands to show the way to places ? They are called in different parts of the kingdom sign-posts, man's Recreation,' fifth ed. (1706), p. 18, is given

Under the heading “Hunters' Terms”in 'Gentlcfinger-posts, direction-posts, in Devonshire spy- "A Catalogue of some general Names of Hounds posts, in 'Dr. Syntax' gụide-posts. This last is and Beagles." As only seven names out of ninety; perhaps the best name, but is seldom or never nine are included in your correspondents' list, I used.

R. C. A. P.

give the catalogue as it stands, merely, for con"THE PROTESTANT SCHOOLMASTER.'—Can any venience of study, making it strictly alphabetical:of your readers inform me whether there are extant

Banger, Beauty, Blewcap, Blueman, Boman, any copies of a little book called “The Protestant Bonny, Bouncer, Cæsar, Capper, Captain, Chanter, Schoolmaster, containing an Account of the Perse-Countess, Cryer, Damosel, Dancer, Daphne, Darcutions of the Protestants in Various Countries, ling, Dido, Driver, Drummer, Drunkard, Dutchess, illustrated with copper-plates. By Edward Clark, Fancy, Fidler, Flippant, Flurry, Faddle, Gallant, B.D. London, printed by T. B. for N. Crouch, at Gawdy, Hector, Jenny, Jewel, Jocky, Joler, Jollythe Seven Stars in Sweeting's Ally, near the Ex-boy, Juggler, Juno, Jupiter, Keeper, Kilbuck, change in Cornhill, 1680" ?

Lady, Lillups, Lilly, Lively, Lovely, Madam, Rich. G. W. HAMMOND. Maulkin, Merryboy, Mopsie, Motley, Musick, Rathmines Park.

Nacter, Nancy, Pleasant, Plunder, Pluto, Ranger,

Ranter, Rapper, Ratler, Ringwood, Rockwood, PINCHBECK.—Where can I find anything about Rover, Royal, Ruffler, -Ruler, Singwel, Soundwel, the man? I have what Nichols gives. He calls Spanker, Stately, Śweetlips, Tattler, Thisbe, him Christopher Pinchbeck, I think. Phillips, in Thunder, Tickler, Tidings, Touchstone, Touler, his 'Biog. Dict.,' gives only Thomas Pinchbeck, Tracer, Traveller, Troler, Trouncer, Truelips, Truecalls him an English mechanician, and says he love, Truescent, Truman, Trusty, Tryer, Tulip, died 1783. He usually furnishes some authority; | Tunewel, Venus, Violet, Vulcan, Wanton, Whipbut in this instance gives none.

ster, Winder, Wonder, Yerker, Younker. C. A. WARD.

Though your correspondents did not intend to Walthamstow.

include foxhounds, because their names are preSULLY - CHAMPAIGNE. I would like to know sumably modern, this old list may prove that where I can find an account of the family of Sully, many of the most popular present names can claim Champaigne, founded by William, grandson of a very fair antiquity, and may still be useful, as William the Conqueror, through Adela of Blois. the compiler intended it to be, "for such young The family is now extinct, but I can find no de gentlemen as in time may keep a kennel.” tailed account of it. F. S. D.


Your correspondents N. M. AND A. convey a WILLIAM Pitt.-As I have nearly completed wrong impression when they write that the names my long-promised 'Life of Pitt' for Messre. Allen's of hounds" are purely fancy designations." In one series of Statesmen," may I ask whether any of sense they may be so, but they are a great deal your readers can supply me with a few brief notes on In the first place, they are always disthe way in wbich he is mentioned by contemporary syllables or trisyllables, never more or less, and or later writers? I am acquainted with all that is accentuated on the first syllable. They are said about him in Gifford's, Tomline's, and Lord euphonious and well-sounding words, which come Stanhope's biographies, and also in Macaulay's freely from the tongue when uttered in the loudest


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voice.. Moreover, the names are chosen in relation That is to say, “One day the ten remaining beroes to parentage. The Rev. W. B. Daniel, who was, of the Fingalians were in Glen Coe (the valley of and still is, one of the highest authorities on this mist). There were five dogs in each man's hand, branch of sport, thus writes :

and 'these were the names of my hounds, Seang"Hounds are named when first put out (that is, when shlios, Busdubb, Mollacb, Torm, and Treun." sent out to 'walk'), and the usual mode is to name all Seangshlios means slender and smooth ; Busdubb, the whelps of one litter with the same initial letter as black muzzle ; Mollach, shaggy ; Torm, said to that of the dog that got, or the bitch who bred them.”

mean a flood or torrent (the word is now, I think, Daniel's 'Rural Sports,' vol. i. p. 68, London, 1801. Further, it is general to give the dog puppies

obsolete); Treun, valiant.

Bran and Luath are also names of dogs mennames with the same initial letter as their sire, and the tioned in old poems, the former word meaning bitches with that of their dam. This arrangement "mountain stream," and the latter "swift. facilitates the recollection of pedigree. Daniel,

E. R. after the foregoing passage, proceeds to give a list Glasgow. of the names of hounds which were adopted a century or more ago, and which are still in use Lightfoot. Gay, 'Poems,' 1753, vol. i. pp. 71 with scarcely any variation. The list numbers 104; Fables,' 1772, p. 53. nearly four hundred names, and they are divided

Ringwood. Gay, 'Fables,' 1772, p. 120. according to sex. For example, dog hounds would Roger. “Life of a Cat,' 1760, p. 173. be Ardent, Bluster, Conqueror, Dasher, while the

Shock. Gay, Poems,' 1752, vol. ii. p. 119. bitches would be Anxious, Bashful, Conquest,

Tray. Gay, Poems,' 1753, vol. i. p. 78.
Dextrous, &c.
S. JAMES A. SALTER. Yap. Gay, 'Fables,' 1772, p. 174.

W. C. B. “I send a greyhound to my Lord, from Mr. Maners, whose name is Menykyn; and a fayre young hownde

Gingler, Gouler (=, no doubt, to N. M. AND A.'s called Hurlle, with a lyance and collar." —John Husee Jowler), Tingler, Touler, Nipsey, Nipatatie. All to Honor, Viscountess Lisle, Nov. 6, 1537 ('Lisle Papers,' | dog-Dames from the Annandalo ballad ‘Brydevol. xii, art. 83).

kirk's Hunting.' Being away from my books, I am unable to give Cæsar, Luath. Burns's 'Twa Dogs.' exact references, but Lovel was a favourite name Maida. Sir Walter Scott's favourite hound. for a dog in the Middle Ages, and Venus for a Batty. Scott's ballad 'Christie's Will.' lady's lapdog (usually contracted to Veny) occurs Bawty or Batie. Jamieson’s ‘Dictionary,' &c. in several papers in the Spectator of Queen Anne's

GEO. NEILSON. day. For Crab a reference might have been added Glasgow. to the 'Two Gentlemen of Verona.'


I would add the following : Boatswain, Lord

Byron's dog at Newstead ; Maida, Sir Walter Your correspondents will find the work they wish Scott's favourite deerhound. But wby exclude

dogs in their non-zoological relations and the faithful dog of Ulysses, and other dogs of. their folk-lore” in a volume published at Nurem- classic fame? And if you include the names of berg in 1685. This little-known, but extremely deerbounds, why not those of foxhounds also ? interesting compilation of out-of-the-way informa

E. WALFORD, M. A. tion, the 'Cynographia Curiosa' of Christian 7, Hyde Park Mansions, N.W. Francis Paullinus, treats of their history in relation to sacred rites, satanic mysteries, in the bousehold

Some seventy years since (1815-18) Sir Pereand for hunting, for hatching eggs, for medical and grine Maitland was Governor of Upper Canada magical uses, as emblems on coins, military of Richmond) had two pet poodle-dogs, Flos and

His wife (a daughter of the Duke

(now Ontario). ensigns, &c. Appended are the treatises of Caius Ting. The northern part of the province, then all on the British dogs and an epistle of Meibomius. forest, was being surveyed for settlement. In the In fact, it embraces every imaginable topic except naming of the new townships Lady Maitland that treated of by your correspondents themselves, claimed the privilege of standing sponsor for two their names, in which they have opened an addi- of them. To-day Flos and Tiny are two rich and tional chapter towards the complete history of doge. populous townships of the county of Simcoe, OnWilliam Frazer, F.R.C.S.I. tario.

W. SHANLY. A few lines of an old Gaelic ballad containing

Montreal. the names of five dogs may perhaps be worthy of being inserted under this head :

I see you are attending to dogs' names now.

The gamekeeper or huntsman of a gentleman in Latha dhuinn a'n Gleann Cheo,

Lancashire was calling “Dashwood, Dashwood !” Deichnar-na bha beo dhe 'n Fbeinn, Bha caogad chu a'n lamb gach fir,

What do you call him Dashwood' for ?" said a Seangshlios, Busdubh, Mollacb, Torm 's Treun,

visitor. “My name is Dashwood." "Your name Bu sid ainm mo chuilean con,

Dashwood ? Well, then, I can tell you you are

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called after the best dog in all Lancashire." Mr. that trousers did not form a portion of their apparel. Dashwood's hand was in his pocket directly, and The old fashion books also seldom mention i hem, he could not offer less than å "gold one" after except to imply they were looked upon as an that.

P. P. innovation. i have many of these books, both

French and English; the earliest showing trousers ROWLANDSON (7th S. v. 487; vi. 6, 10, 93, 193). are French, 1822 and 1824. I think the caricature -MR. H. Beazant must be responsible for my of Gilray's mentioned by a previous correspondent, further trespassing on your pages respecting dated Jan. 1, 1800, represents only a temporary drawers—or trousers as they were first called—as an assumption of the garment. In La Belle Assemblée, article of female apparel. That they were but September, 1810, there is an engraving of a lady little worn by women till after 1820 I have in trousers with three frills, and in March, 1813, ascertained from those who lived at the time, and another, but in this case a thin robe is worn over, by but few girls previous to 1830, as I can well to disguise in some measure (as the text states) remember but a small number of those with whom their singularity. In Ackerman's Repository, May, I was acquainted adopted them. I also know, as 1811, is one of a young girl in a sbort dress and a singular fact, that many women strongly objected trousers, with a broad flounce at the bottom. to them, looked upon them with the greatest con- Great attention was bestowed on the trousers worn tempt, and would not allow their daughters to wear by young girls, sometimes being very elaborately them; that they were unhealthy, indelicate, some trimmed; but in case of mourning they were worn calling them even indecent; and that it was an with three very wide tucks only. outrage to dress girls up like a parcel of boys (at I went to a girls' school when nearly ten years that time boys wore nankeen trousers, often with old (1836), and often saw those girls who wore two or three tucks at the bottom). That they were leggings putting them on previous to going out for first worn for ornament, and not for comfort, is, I a walk. They were not always worn indoors, think, also certain, as they frequently consisted of being liable to get crumpled or soiled. There leggings only, tied at the knee. ` I know, also, they were but two girls who really wore drawers, the were liable to come down, either from careleness in majority neither. In confirmation of this statefastening them on or the breaking of a string; ment, I would refer to the Girl's Own Paper, and I have on more than one occasion seen a girl | Oct. 7, 1887, which entirely coincides with my with one legging only, the other deposited in her own recollection; and also to the 'Letters on Long reticule (pockets were not at that time in vogue) Frilled Trousers, published in the Englishwoman's till a favourable opportunity occurred for replacing Domestic Magazine between 1865 and 1874, espethe refractory garment. This objection was after- cially one from a rector's wife. This lady was wards got over by side pieces being added (the evidently one of those females to whom I previously garment still being in two portions) which buttoned referred, having the greatest horror of this mascuon to the bodice. This gradually gave place to the line garment. She says :present form, except they opened at the sides, and “Such tasteless, shapeless things as the girl's trousers buttoned front and back to the stays.

of thirty years ago were by no means universal, as I think these leggings must have been in the neither my sisters nor I have erer worn them; and at a mind's eye of Dickens when he wrote in Nicholas fashionable finishing school, where I was sent for two

years when about sixteen, certainly more than half the Nickleby' respecting the Infant Phenomenon, she young ladies did not wear drawers of any kind.” "was rather a troublesome companion, first the right

And also to another, headed 'Forgotten Lives,' sandal came down, then the left, and, these mis- who says:chances being repaired, one leg of the little white

“Those persons who, like myself, can remember the trousers was discovered longer than the other.” dress of girls thirty or forty years ago, will recollect all That these leggings were called trousers I know, girls wore low frocks and short sleeves ; no children, bạt in further proof quote from a letter written by except those of quite the higher class, wore drawers, or

& a lady some years ago :

trousers as they were called, and all stays laced behind

with wood busks for girls. Even then, you will generally "I did not wear drawers till I was married, in 1846, find the drawers were only put on, with other tinery, on but when young, I always wore long trousers. Thoy Sundays." tied round the knee under the garters, so a clean pair I think these point conclusively to leggings, as it were soon put on. Nearly every young girl of respectability wore them in those days till about fourteen, but is scarcely credible that girls would have been they were left off when long frocks were worn." allowed to run the risk, especially in winter, of Another also wrote me :

wearing drawers on one day in the week only. “My mother, over sixty, never wore drawers, nor were

I have encroached already too far on your valuthey worn, as a rule, when she was a girl at school. able space—it would take nearly a whole number Some few who were considered 'swell' wore them, but of N. & Q.’ to give extracts from and reference it was quite in the light of a novelty.”

to the books and illustrations bearing on the subWe have also only to look at the illustrations ject-and will conclude by quoting from 'Lady in the old children's books previous to 1825, to find Chesterfield's Letters to her Daughter':



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" I have worn skirts that dragged on the ground, supremacy rests with the rosemary, not with the and skirts that ended an inch above my ankles, and lavender. The former is curiously fastidiousable garments we have borrowed from the other sex, culture in my own garden- whereas no difficulty is showing the vandyked or frilled edges of those comfort- though I am not going to reveal the results of its and which all of us wear, and none of us talk about.” This quotation will not be found in the reprint found. (so far as my experience goes) in growing


HERBERT MAXWELL. of this work, it having been, I think unwisely, excluded.

Jas. B. Morris. COLOURS AS SURNAMES (7th S. vi. 208). -Red, Eastbourne,

in the form of Rudd, is a common surname, and It would appear that these articles of feminine like that of William Rufus, may be referred either apparel were worn in England, by actresses at to the hair or the complexion. Orange, as in the least, so early as the reign of Charles II. In a case of another William, may be unconnected with satire entitled 'The Lady of Pleasure,' ascribed to colour. Black, White, and Grey are ordinary “Sir George Etheridge, Knight,” printed in The colours of hair. I know a case in which two Miscellaneous Works of his Grace, George, late gentlemen of the same name in one city are comDuke of Buckingham,' 2 vols., London, 1707, monly distinguished by their hair as “Red F.” mention is made of Nell Gwynne's“ draw'rs”; but and "Grey F.” The common surname Green has had the allusion is too gross for literal transcription in a local origin—“John of the Green" originally. 'N. & Q. It is worthy of curious note that Qui- Yellow hair is commonly called red. If it were cherat, in his . Histoire du Costume en France,' usual for people to have blue or purple hair or writing of feminine fashions in the latter years of complexion by nature, no doubt we should have the reign of Louis XV., observes :

Blue and Purple as surnames. If I have missed Il y eut plus étrange encore que cela : c'est que the point of the query, it will be my turn to put on porter un caleçon (précaution dont usèrent quelques per- the " sackcloth and ashes"; but it seems to me sonnes en très-petit nombre) fut considéré comme un that the non-use of the names of the primary signe de meurs équivoques.'

colours, with the exception of red, as surnames is Possibly the uppopularity of this garment among sufficiently accounted for.

J. T. F. ladies“ comme il faut" was due to the fact that Winterton, Doncaster. the "caleçon” was necessarily worn by the "filles

MR. R. W. HACKWOOD wishes to be told of de l'Opéra” while on the stage. Drawers, however, surnames taken from primary and other colours. were very old items in the French female wardrobe. Red is familiar as Reed, or Reid ; and Mr. Lower

1 Henri II. made a special affectation of imitating says that Roy, which is so suggestive of roi when them in his own dress ; and this, again, may serve met with in the south, comes from the Gaelic, and to explain Brantôme's incidental remark that the really means red-haired. Roe is also sometimes court ladies of his time “ pour lors ne portaient Rufus, and Scarlett is perhaps so, too. 'Patropas de caleçons." There is much curious lore touch: nymica Britannica' records the occurrence of Blue ing this subject

, from Montaigne's 'Calzoni della in Scotland, and gives Blaauw,,,"a. somewhat Signora Livia' to the gauze "pujamas ” of Goya's recent introduction from Holland," which has the

Maja '; but Mrs. Grundy is all-powerful nowa-
days, and I would not willingly shock the feelings Lower's list, and so does Geele, for which we are again

same signification. Yellow likewise appears in Mr. of that awful female by further dilating on a topic indebted to the Dutch. Leaving the primaries, as which men-folk are supposed to know nothing about. Mr. Hackwood invites us to do, I can bear testi


mony to the existence of Orange, but the very ST. EBBE (7th S. v. 149, 278). --St. Ebba in the common colour surnames, such as Green, Brown, ninth century governed the great monastery of Grey, White, Gwyn, Black, need hardly be Coldingham, in Merch, or the marshes, a province enumerated. Grey is, however, sometimes of local in the shire of Berwick. This was at that time origin, for surnames, like other things, are not the largest monastery in Scotland, and had been always “what they seem.” St. SWITHIN. founded by another St. Ebba, who was sister to Saints Oswald and Oswi, Kings of Northumberland. found the surname of Yellow, borne by the infant

In the village of Heacham, Norfolk, is to be This saint and her companions cut off their noses schoolmistress, who hails from Cumberland. The and upper lips to protect their virginity from the surname Red probably survives in the older form Danish pirates. The infidels, enraged at their dis- of Reed.

H. I. appointment, set fire to the monastery, and these

Eastbourne. holy virgins died in the flames, spotless victims to their heavenly spouse. Their anniversaries are

We all of us know plenty of Reids, Reeds, and kept on April 2 and August 25. W. LOVELL.

Reads, and I believe it is generally agreed amongst

“the most touchy of mortals” that these are but LAVENDER Buso (oth S. vi. 125).— I agree with various forms of the old rede, or red. Mr. BardsSt. Swithin that the traditional test of marital ley records several instances of “Le Bleu”; but

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