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explain when the marriage between the two families languages of Europe and Asia, e.g., in their“mutatook place, and whether the Alfoxton family ever tions” of consonants, in some of their inflexions, &c. bore the above coat ? Burke gives the bend as Has this problem been solved in recent researches in sable. Possibly the difference in the tincture may Celtic philology ? Also, have any connexions been have been an error on the part of the artist. The established between them and the agglutinative shield, which is surmounted by the martlet ar., on languages of Eastern Europe ? I know of Mr. cap of pretence the crest of Blake, is probably over Elton's writings, but I want to know what has one hundred years old, and bears the motto, been done recently by English or foreign philoMunera decusque laboris.” E. FRY WADE. logists to clear up the matter. Axbridge, Somerset.

W. S. LACH-SZYRXA. " ADVERBS WEAKEN ALL THE LINE.” — Would “FRIAR'S LANTHORN.”—This phrase in Milton's any reader of N. & Q.' kindly say where this line 'L'Allegro'(l. 82) is explained to mean a will-o'-theis to be found ?


wisp. Is there any legend regarding the connexion

of this night-fire with friars ? If so, what is the DAME DOROTHY HALL.-According to an Irish folk-lore on the matter ? JAMES D. BUTLER. funeral certificate (Add. MS. 4820, p. 355), “Dame

Madison, Wis., U.S. Dorothy Hall was married to Mr. Payly, of

Scotch Coal.—What is a Scotch coal ? Anthony and was interred in St. Michael's Church, Dublin, Walker, in his Lees Lachrymans, sive Comitis March the 5th, 1713–4." The arms displayed at Warwici Justa,' 1673, says :the funeral were : Gules, a chevron vair" between three martlets or (Bayly), impaling Arg., three Abner's scutcheon, and a rude pencil would have painted

“A rough herald would have found blots enough in talbots' heads, erased sable, between nine cross- it with staynant colours, or a Scotch coal. Yet nothing crosslets az. (Hall). I have endeavoured in vain to is mentioned but what' is commendable, and worthy identify this lady, and shall be glad of any clue praise.”—P. 25. your readers may be able to furnish me. There

Anon. appears to have been an Irish baronet named BROADSIDE.-I have a broadside headed The Bayly, of whom I can find no note in the baronet. Duumvirate.' Beneath the title appear two hands ages, viz., Sir Edward Bayly, of Tinny Park, co. clasped, and a ribbon bearing the motto, Wicklow, Bart. Will dated Oet. 10, 1741; had a juncti in uno. Underneath this, framed in two wife Dorothy, and children Edward, Lambert, ovals formed by an intertwined serpent with its Charles, Dorotby, Arabella, and Anne-Lucinda. tail in its mouth, are the portraits of two gentleThe arms of Hall above mentioned are on record as men, one wearing on his shoulder the ermine of a belonging to a family of the name at Hallow, co. peer's robe, the other in plain dress, with curled Worcester, in the Visitations of that county. wig, and the full jabot to his shirt showing. Be

G. W. M.

tween them, on the body of the serpent, “Nemo ALLUSION BY LORD CARNARVON.—Will any of Nos Impune Lacessit.” Under these portraits, in your readers oblige by giving the quotation from two lines :an old Italian poet, probably Dante, to which

O that they were wise, that they understood this, Lord Carnarvon alludes in his letter on open

That they would consider their latter end !

Deut. xxxii. 29. churches to the Archbishop of Canterbury ?


Then follows a view of the Tower of London, with

a scaffold, on which are a coffin, an executioner with WILLIAM LESLIE Hamilton.—Can any reader a raised axe, and a number of figures, two of them supply information concerning the father of William ecclesiastics. The scaffold is surrounded by a Leslie Hamilton, formerly Attorney General of the mounted guard three or four deep, and a vast conLeeward Islands and member of the Council at course of spectators. Am I right in supposing the Barbadoes ? He married Lady Isabella Erskine in print has reference to the execution of Lords 1770. She was married after Mr. Hamilton's death Balmerino and Kilmarnock? There is no date nor to John, fifteenth Earl of Glencairn, and having no any names, not even that of the printer ; but where issue the title became extinct. I know that the these should be the motto “ Honi soit qui mal y father of William Leslie Hamilton belonged to the pense.”

C. A. WHITE. family of Hamilton of Monkland.

Preston on the Wild Moors.

LITANY OF ST. DOMINIC.-In Lea's 'History CELTIC AND EUSKARIAN LANGUAGES.—Has any of the Inquisition,' vol. i. p. 283, we read of a certhing been recently done to trace the supposed tain Papal Bull by which every Dominican friar Euskarian or Basque element in the Celtic lan-was ordered to say daily after matins "seven guages? These are undoubtedly Aryan in their psalms and litanies of the Virgin and St. Dominic." main features, but still, in many points, both in The Litany of the Blessed Virgin is, of course, that grammar and in many roots, unlike the other Aryan commonly called the Litany of Loretto; but what

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is the Litany of St. Dominic? Is it possible that spondents enlighten me as to its meaning? Perthe rosary can be meant ? ANON. haps it means watcher.

W. BETHELL. PERJURY.-In vol. iv. of Blackstone's Com. mentaries,' fourth edition, p. 127, I find the follow

Replies. ing : "The punishment of perjury was anciently death ; afterwards banishment, or cutting out the

RIDDLES ON TREES. tongue." Can any of your correspondents do me

(76b S. vi. 28.) the favour to tell me when the punishment ceased

I have a manuscript copy of the verses that to be death?

H. W. C.

your correspondent asks for, but I have never yet Court Rolls of LITTLE COMPTON.-Can any seen them in print, and they are as follows. My of your readers favour me with any information copy is headed “ Tree-ology. respecting the Manor Court Rolls of Little Compton, What's the sociable tree,' and the dancing tree, a in the diocese of Gloucester, and more particularly

And the trees that is nearest the sea ; those dating from 1650 to 1750 ? R. E. L. The most yielding tree, 4 the busiest tree,

And the tree where ships may be ?
DAVID SETON, M.P. (SCOTLAND) FOR BURNTIS- The languishing tree, ? the least selfish tree, 8
LAND 1666-9.-Can any person give information And the tree that bears a curse;
about this David Seton ? Is this the same man as The chronologist's tree, 10 the fisherman's tree, 11
David Seton, burgess of Edinburgh 1661, and And the tree12 like an Irish nurse ?
David Seton, collector of cess, Burntisland, 1666 ?

R. S. M.

The tell-tale tree, 13 and the traitor tree, 14

And the tree15 that 's the warmest clad; W.S. Club, Edinburgh,

The layman's restraint, 16 and the housewife's tree, 17 HERALDIC.-I should feel obliged if any of your

And the treels that makes one sad ? readers could tell me to whom the following coat The tree19 that with death befrights you, belongs: 1 and 4, Or, a lion ramp.; 2 and 3, Ermine, The tree that your wants would supply, a mallet az.; over all a pretence, Arg., a chev. gu. The tree that to travel invites you, in chief two roundles, in base a cross crosslet

And the tree that forbids you to die? fitchée, a knight's helmet. Crest, lion séjant. What tree23 do the thunders resound to the skies, Answers can be sent direct, J. G. BRADFORD.

What brightens your house, does your mansion sus157, Dalston Lane, E.

tain 24

What urged the Germans in vengeance to rise, 25 *VERS DE SOCIÉTÉ.'— Who was the author of

And strike for the victor by tyranny slain 726 two volumes of miscellaneous poems bearing the above title ? The work bears the name of J. The tree that will fight, and the tree that obeys you,

And the tree29 that never stands still ; Ridgway as publisher. It has (proh! nefas) no The tree that got up, and the treel that is lazy, date, but must have been printed about 1820-30.

And the tree3 neither up nor down hill ? The title-pages of both volumes are copper-plate, with two views of (apparently) the author's rural The tree? to be kissed, and the dandiest tree, 34 home, and with the appropriate motto,


And that guides the ships to go forth ;35 lescens pennam admovi; senex dum perficerem

The tree36 of the people, the unhealthiest tree, 3

And the trees whose wood faces the north? factus sum."

E. WALFORD, M. A. 7, Hyde Park Mansions, N.W.

The trees in a battle, the tree40 in a fog,

And the treell that bids the joints pain ; BREAKER. —Is breaker another term for keeper? The terrible trees? when schoolmasters flog, The word occurs in the late Lord Cockburn's

And what of mother and child bears the name ?13 'Circuit Journeys,' just published by Mr. David The emulous tree, 44 the industrious tree, 45 Douglas, Edinburgh. At p. 57 he says:

And the tree46 that warms mutton when cold; "I never enter madhouses, but the new Lunatic The reddest brown tree47 and the reddest blue tree, 4s Asylum is very striking outside, and stands on a fine And what each must become ere be's old ?49 site. Wbile asking a little boy on the road some ques. tions about it, he used a word which it is to be hoped i Tea tree. Caper.

3 Beech.

5 Medlar. does not truly indicate the character of the internal

7 Pine.


10 Date. 11 Crab. treatment. Ho pointed out a man who was walking in

12 Honeysuckle.

14 Judas. a gallery as the breaker.' 'What do you call the

17 Broom.

19 Nightshade. breaker?' The man that breaks the daft folk,' A lad

20 Bread tree. beside us also used the term as familiar."

21 O-range.
22 O-live.

30 Rose. 31 Sloe. 32 Plane. The asylum referred to is, or was then, at Dum

33 Mistletoe.

35 Elm (helm). fries, and in the journal' breaker is printed in 37 Plague. 38 Southernwood. 39 — 40 Hazel. 41 Rue. italics. The expression seems to have struck Lord - Birch.

45 Cotton.

46 Ash. 47 Chest. Cockburn as peculiar. Can any of your corre- nut.




6 Bay.




15 Fir.






27 Box.


29 Aspen.


36 Poplar.


44 Ivy.




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The treacherous tree, 50 the contemptible tree, 5 Poacher' in the broadest of good " Zummerzet." And that to which wines are inclined ;52

The Lord Chief Justice readily replied with a song The tree that causes each townsman to flee,

(aot 'The Somersetshire Poacher,' but I forget the And what round fair ankles are twined 154

name) which concerned some outlaw of the Robin The tree55 that's entire, and the trees that is split, Hood class, in which the “Sheriff of NottinghamThe tree57 half given by doctors when ill ;

was frequently introduced and which he The tree58 that we offer to friends when we meet, rendered with great spirit and evident enjoyment. And the tree 59 we may use as a quill ?

The circumstance which more than anything else The tree60 that 's immortal, and the trees61 that are not, served to fix the whole scene so vividly in my And the tree62 that must pass through the fire ; memory was the—to me, who was then“

a very The tree63 that in Latin can ne'er be forgot,

young barrister”-startling and almost uncanny And in English we all most admire 781

coincidence that the two persons who were thus The Egyptian plague tree,65 the trees that is dear, engaged in singing these law-breaking and crimeAnd what round itself doth entwine ;67

abetting songs represented the judge who had just The trees that in billiards must ever be near,

come from the Taunton assizes, fresh from the trial And the trees that by Cockneys is turned into wine ! of the Hutchinses for the murder of a police constable

You will perceive by the above that about in a poaching affray (which excited considerable seventy different trees are mentioned, and I be interest in the neighbourhood at the time), and the lieve my copy to be complete. To these seventy senior counsel who was retained for their defence !

J. S. UDAL. I give forty-five of the names, and shall be pleased to learn the others from some of your corre

Inner Temple. spondents.


ARMS WANTED (7th 8. v. 507). The arms on Colchester.

the china plate are those of Jaffray, of Edinburgh The poem consists of fourteen verses, in which and of King's Wells, Scotland (see Papworth's seventy-two trees are referred to. I omitted to Ordinary,' 1874, p. 794). The crest and motto note the source from which I obtained it many are given in Burke's General Armory, under years ago, but if F. E. B. will furnish me with his **


G. L. G. address I will supply him with a copy, as well as the answer to each riddle.

The arms, Paly of six arg. and sa., on a fess of EVERARD HOME COLEMAN.

the first three mullets of the second, are those of 71, Brecknock Road.

Jaffray of King's Wells. See Burke's 'Armory,' [Other versions, differing in some respects, are sent and Scottish Arms,' by Stoddart. by various contributors. The above, which we have

LEO CULLETON. slightly altered by the aid of the others, is the longest.] "Post nubila Phoebus" is, according to Dielitz,

'Wahl und Denksprueche,' the device of a number “THE LINCOLNSHIRE POACHER'(7th S. vi. 26, 97). of persons, to wit, Prince Moritz of Nassau- I have not read the passage in the Generation Orange, who died 1625, of the families of Abrends, of Judges' to which St. Switain refers, but the Ahnfeldt, Baldasseroni, Cranworth, Gasquet, Jack, anecdote therein given relating to the late Lord Jaffray, Malsen, Noë, Pinkerton, Purvis, Rolfe, Chief Justice of England, Sir Alexander Cock Shieldham, and Tarleton. A footnote in Dielitz burn, was not quite correctly told. I myself was says it is taken from ‘Piers Ploughman's Vision' v., present upon the occasion, and have a distinct 12,908, and refers in most cases where used to the

FERNOW. recollection of the whole proceeding, for the reason coat armour. I will presently mention. That occasion is correctly [MR, E. F. WADE, MR. J. T. ABBOTT, MR. F. REDE stated as baving been his lordship’s last circuit in Fowke, and Mr. E. T. Evans reply to the same effect.] the West (now some ten years ago). It was on

CURIOUS SUPERSTITION (7th S. vi. 87).—In my grand night,” which for that time was held at Bristol, and the Lord Chief Justice was invited to schoolboy days, now seventy years past, I remember dine at the Bar mess to meet his old circuit. It fellows

in the island of Guernsey. I have no

this superstition being common among my schoolwas not, however, “ a very young barrister” who had the honour, or the “matchless coolness,"

reason to suppose it to be indigenous, or known to call upon the guest of the evening for a song, island. I am rather inclined to think that it came

among the aboriginal Norman population of the but a much more "senior junior," who had just from one of the southern counties, Hampshire, finished singing, in a most inimitable manner (as Dorsetshire, Devonshire, or Cornwall

, with all of he always did and does), 'The Somersetshire which, from very early times, Guernsey has had

commercial relations.

E. MOC 50 Cane (Cain).

54 Sandal.

56 Clove.
57 Bark.

58 Palm. 59 Cedar.
60 Amaranth.
62 Ash.

This was recorded in the early years of ‘N. & Q.; 69 68 Mace. Нор.

as I judge from finding it mentioned at p. 66 of

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Choice Notes : Folk-Lore,' where, however, it vision was the island of Lipari; St. Gregory's instands unaccompanied by reference to the parent formant, his friend Julian. volume.

St. SWITHIN. Various narratives in the 'Dialogues' have surThat no bastard could span his own wrist was

vived in popular tales. One example is the fully believed in at the Royal Military College Apollo by a Jew who, by way of charm, had made

nocturnal vision of demons in a ruined temple of when I entered, at the age of 12–13, in 1855. HAROLD MALET, Colonel.

on his forehead the Christian's sign. The cross

defends him from the company, who cry, “An Yorkshire schoolboys used to test one another empty vessel, but well sealed” (iii. 7). 4 person in the way and for the purpose mentioned more known to me heard a modern version of the tale, than twenty-five years ago, teste meipso.

with this form of the words, from maternal lips W. C. B.

some forty years ago (Limerick). In another EXTRACT FROM Parisu REGISTER (76 S. v. version, found at Clonmacnoise, the “vessel” has 367; vi. 37).- I think MR. Pigott is quite correct originated a barrel incident. in his extract of a marriage in church during the

That Charles Martel had become the subject of Commonwealth, for the person empowered to per- certain legends may be gathered from a passage of form the marriage service might be the rector of the Frodoard which is too long to give in full. parish. In this parish (Springthorpe) there is a lit,” says this writer,“ dans les écrits des Pères" notice in the register that John Hallifax, the that St. Eucherius, Bishop of Orleans, saw in an rector, was elected by the parishioners for this ecstasy the punishments endured in the other world purpose, and appeared before the commissioner by Charles Martel for his sacrilegious spoliations. (Christ. Wray) at Lincoln, and was appointed by Eucherius revealed this to St. Boniface, and to him to perform this service. I find marriages Fulrad, Abbot of St. Denis, Pepin's grand entered by him in the usual form. As he con

almoner :tinued to enter births, marriages, and deaths after “En effet, ceux-ci étant allés au lieu de la sépulture the Restoration, I suppose he conformed again, de Charles, et ayant ouvert son tombeau, il en sortit un true to the principle of holding his living what serpent; et le tombeau fut trouvé tout-a-fait vide, et ever changes might take place.

noirci comme si le feu y avait pris.”—Histoire de

l'Église de Rheims,' Guizot.Colln.,' v. p. 172. E. LEATON BLENKINSOPP.

Charles Martel has been conjectured to be the CHARLES MARTEL (7th S. v. 508).—In connexion original of the “Charles Quint” who, according to with this query it may be of interest to mention some versions, led the Mesnie furieuse. The crater that Wanley, in bis Wonders of the Little World' at Lipari seems to have been called Theodorici In(1678), p. 86, says that


D. F. "at the opening of the sepulcher of Charles Martel [D. F. also supplies an illustrative story which will be there was no part of his body to be found therein; but found in extenso, under the head 'Pull Devil, pull Baker,' instead thereof a serpent was found in the place. Vid. at 2nd S. iii. 316, and to which frequent reference, under Kornman de mirac, mortuorum, lib. 4, cap. 86, p. 35.” the head of Booty's Ghost,' is made in subsequent


series. ] Liverpool

KITE (7th S. v. 508).-The word "kite," used in Sismondi mentions the legend in his 'Histoire connexion with the employment of bicyclists at an de la Chute de l'Empire Romain,' chap. xvi. :- election, would seem to signify that the riders were

“C'est parce que le prince Charles ......fut le premier so many Sergeant Kites (see "The Recruiting entre tous les rois et les princes des Francs à séparer et Officer ') beating up recruits for their party. This diviser les biens des églises, que, pour cette seule cause, il is the sense in which it struck me when I read the est damné éternellement. Nous savons, en effet, que saint


in the newspaper. Eucherius, évêque d'Orléans, étant en oraison, fut enlevi

E. T. EVANS. au monde des esprits; et, parmi les choses qu'il vit et Used figuratively. R. S. CHARNOCK. que le Seigneur lui montra, il reconnut Charles exposé Vichy. aux tourments dans le plus profond de l'enfer."

The story can doubtless be found in that collec- HIGHLAND CLAYMORE (7th S. v. 49).- The tion of these visions made for the Philobiblon query is for place-name, “Echlin." Let me Society by M. Delepierre, called 'L'Enfer décrit suggest Achline Castle, a seat of the Campbells. par ceux qui l'ont vu.' S. A. WETMORE.

A. H. Seneca Falls, New York.

BISHOP LLOYD (76 S. vi. 8). —The writer of the I bave not met with a form of the legend in sketch of Hugo Lloyd's history was either careless which the suffering spirit is that of Charles Martel. or illiterate. It is thus in the epitaph (Wood, 'Hist. An early form (and to all appearance the parent and Ant. of Colleges and Halls,' p. 205, Óxford, form) is given in book iv. chap. xxx. of his Dia- 1786): “Hujus collegii socius ; Épiscopi Roffensis logues' by St. Gregory the Great, who died in 604. Cancellarius." He was Chancellor (not Bishop) of He tells it of King Theodoric. The place of the Rochester. There is more respecting him in Wood's



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'Athen. Oxon.,' t. i. col. 268, fol. 1691. See soils the parts of the paper that should remain also Boase's transcript of 'Registr. Univ. Oxon.' white. I have made grass rubbings from stones for the Ox. Hist. Society, p. 260, 1884.

with inscriptions and sculptures, such as knot

ED. MARSHALL work, &c., in low relief, from which photographs All particulars re Hugo Lloyd can be seen in for autotypes were taken, affording excellent illusvol. i. of Wood's 'Athen. Oxon.'' He was descended trations. I think, if I remember rightly, that in from a fine old family in Lleyd, a district of south Iceland, where grass is scarce, Mr. Baring-Gould Carnarvonshire, and the arms shown on the tablet took a rubbing by means of a German sausage. mentioned by your correspondent should be de- Inscriptions in relief (as bell inscriptions usually scribed thus : Az.,

a chev. between three dolphins are) can best be done with the black side of a bit hauriant ar., for Trahairn Goch, Lord of Comit- of new shoe-leather. I think the late Mr. Ellamaen in Lleyn, who was a direct descendant in combe was thei aventor of that plan, and many of the fifth degree of Rhys ap Tewdwr mawr, Prince us have since found that for bell inscriptions “there of South Wales in 1077, and founder of the second is nothing like leather."

J. T. F. royal tribe of Wales. The arms that are quartered

Winterton, Doncaster. -viz., Sa., a chev. between three fleur de lis ar.- I have obtained the best results with paperare those of Collwyn ap Tangno, Lord of Eivionydd, hangers' lining paper and a good pad of dock another district of South Carnarvonshire, who was leaves, or other vegetation, gathered on the spot. the founder of the fifth noble tribe of North Wales.

Ernest B. SAVAGE, F.S.A. Edw. H. OWEN, F.S.A. St. Thomas, Douglas, Isle of Man. Caernarvon.

G. N. will, I think, find the following a good, LOWESTOFT : St. Rook's Light (7th S. v. 346, and certainly an easy method of taking rubbings 411 ; vi. 32).—There can be, I think, no doubt of inscribed stones: Place a piece of paper on the that CUTHBERT BEDE's definition of the word stone, and with a handful of grass rub the paper pingle is correct. In Halliwell's 'Archaic Dic- well over, and an excellent impression will be protionary'pingle is described as "a small enclosure, duced. While on a visit to Jedburgh, about two generally long and narrow (north)”; and farther, years age, the person in charge of the abbey gave that pingler (generally from pingle) was a term of me an excellent rubbing, produced in this fashion, contempt applied to any inferior person or animal." of one of the inscriptions on an old tombstone. On the outskirts of this town, not far from the

JAMES SINTON. north bridge, is (or war, for I think it is now built 51, Avenell Road, Highbury, N. upon) a place known as “The Piogle," a strip of inferior land, cut off from the parish of St. Mar. It should be rubbed with a small piece of linen

Ordinary blacklead and paper, not too thick. garet (to which it belongs) by the river Soar and rag. The letters can be afterwards filled in with canal on two sides, and on the other by the parish Indian ink. A heel-ball may be used, but this is of All Saints. I well recollect it, years ago, as not so good a process when the letters are worn. lying by the bank of the river like a strip of mere

A. OLIVER. open waste, a sort of “no man's land.

Among our borough MSS. is a deed, dated 16 Richard II., of paper on the stone and using heel-ball.]

[COL, HAROLD MALET also suggests laying thin sheets " of grant and conveyance for ever, by Thomas Thornton, master of the Hospital of St. Leonard of HEATHENS (7th S. vi. 88).—The following exLeycestre, to Henry Sadderby and Richard Barowe tract from Hume’s ‘History of England,' chap. Ixi., of Leicestre, of a piece of land fenced round and contains an answer to the query of your correcalled 'Le Pyngulle,' lying beyond the north gate spondent Mr. A. Fels. From regard to space I of the said towy, near the water called Sore.” give the quotation in an abridged form :

WILLIAM KELLY, F.S.A. “ The republicans, being dethroned by Cromwell, were Leicester.

the party whose resentment he had the greatest reason RUBBING (7th S. vi. 88).- I have often used a contained two sets of men, who are seemingly of the

to apprehend. That party, besides the independents, wisp of grass, which should be pretty long and most opposite principles, but who were then united by a juicy, twisted up tight, and bent once on itself. similitude of genius and character. The first, and most Thus it forms a knobby end with which to rub. numerous, were the millenarians, or fifth monarcby men. It answers well with any tough thin white paper, than political liberty, wbo denied entirely the truth of

...... The second were the deists, who had no other object or with thin bleached calico; but for want of better revelation, and insinuated that all the various sects, so you may use any wall paper with the white side to heated against each other, were alike founded in folly you, or even newspaper. Grass will not work off and in error. Men of such daring geniuses were not Bo well on a very smooth polished stone ; but in contented with the ancient and legal forms of civil that case heel-ball answers, as on brasses.' Black- government,

but challenged a degree of freedom beyond

what they expected ever to enjoy under any monarchy. lead, rubbed on dry with a bit of soft leather, will Martin, Challoner, Harrington, sidney, Wildman, Nevil take an inscription, but it is very dirty to use, and were esteemed the heads of this small division. The

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