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sheep strayed into the forest, and they went out The old witch then went away and joined the to seek it. They sought and sought in every direc-others, and the girl remained at home. She tried to tion, one going this way and one that, and the pick up the corn, but she soon saw it was impossible, third in another. Whilst they were seeking, a witch and went in her sorrow to the birch that grow over came up to the woman and changed her into a her mother's grave; there she wept bitterly-wept black sheep, taking the woman's form herself. The because her mother lay dead in the cold grave and witch then began to cry, “Old man! old man! I could no longer help her wretched daughter. While have found the sheep!” The old man thought it the poor girl eat weeping she heard her mother's was his wife, and so he went home with the old voice from the grave saying, “ Daughter! why witcb, rejoicing that the lost sheep was found. are you weeping?" " The witch has broken down

When they got home the old witch said, “Now, the fireplace and thrown a bushel of wheat among my little old man, you must kill that sheep, lest it the stones, and bade me put all in order by the get lost a second time." The old man, who was a evening," replied the girl; "and that is why I weep, very kind and obliging sort of man, only said, “All mother." Weep not,” said the mother, “but right"; but when the daughter heard that she take a twig from my branches and sweep over the rushed off to the sheep-fold and cried, "Mother, stones with it, and the corn and stones will at once they 're coming to kill you"; and the black sheep fly back to their places.” The girl did as she was answered, " If they do kill me do not eat any of commanded, and swept over the stones with the my flesh, but collect my bones and bury them in birch twig; and lo! the corn flew into its place the field."

and the stones all jumped into their places. The girl Then they came and killed the sheep, and the then went back to the birch and laid the twig on old witch made soup of its flesh and gave it to the her mother's grave. Her mother then told her to daughter to eat; but she remembered her mother's bathe herself on one side of the birch, to wash her. warning and ate none of it, but carried the bones self on the other, and to dress on the third side. out and buried them in a field. From the spot This the girl did, and she became so beautiful that where she placed them there grew up a strong and her equal was not to be found in the whole world. beautiful birch tree.* After some time the witch She also found there beautiful clothes and a had a daughter, and then she began to ill-use and splendid horse, whose hairs were alternately gold torment the man's daughter in every way. It so and silver. The girl dressed, mounted the horse, happened at that time that the king made a great and rode off to the king's palace. When she feast in his castle, and invited all —

arrived the king's son came up, fastened her horse He called high, he called low,

to a pillar, and led her to the palace. There she He called ricb, he called poor;

stayed the whole time by the side of the king's and said, "Fetch hither the maim and the blind.” son, and all the people stared at her and wondered The invitation at last came to the man's house. who she was and from what castle so beautiful a Then said the witch,“ You go on with my daughter, young girl could be; but no one know anything about and I will give your daughter a little work to do, só her. They then went to the table, and she sat at the that she may not find the time long." So the man bead of the table on the right hand of the king's son; took the witch's daughter and went to the palace; but the witch's daughter had to sit under the table but the witch broke down the fireplace and threw and gnaw her bits of bone. The king's son didn't a bushel of wheat among the stones, and said to the man's daughter, “If you don't gather all that János Kríza, and Népdalok és Mondák,! by János corn up and put it in its place and build the fire- Erdélyi., See also Finnish tale . Ei-niin-mita' ('Just place up again by the evening I will eat you up.”+ Kulkija Laiwa' (The Ship that can Suil on Land and

Nothing'), 'Satuja ja Tarinoita,' ii. 53; 'Maan, Meren,

Sea'), ib., ii, 22; and · Seppo Ilmarisen Kosinta' (Smith land, from Karesuanto. See also Hyltén Cavallius,'Svenska Ilmarinen's Courtship'), ib., i. 1; and ib., ii. 2, 29, and Folk Sagor,' 'Den lilla Guld-ekon '; Deutsche Volks- 33; also the Lapp stories 'Bondesönnen,'' Bæivekongen,' märchen,' bearbeitet von F. Hoffmann, Dresden, 1846, 'Gutten som tjente hos Kongen,' and 'Ruobba,'Jætten 'Aschenbrödel,' p. 73; Grimm, Nos. 21, 65, and 130, and og. Fanden,' in Friis ; Malagasy Isilakòlona, Folknotes Amongst the numberless variants other than above lote Journal, 1884, p. 130; Verhandlungen der gelehrten I may mention the Magyar The Three Princesses,' Estnischen Gesellschaft_zu Dorpat,' zweiter Band, Cinder Jack,' and 'The Widower and his Daughter.' drittes Heft, p. 76, Der Dankbare Fürstensohn'; WoyIt is interesting to note that I heard a nurse tell, a few cicki, Polnische Volksagen,''

Die Flucht '; Hylten Ca. years ago in Holderness, a very similar tale to that under vallius och Steffens, Svenska Folk Sagor,''Hafs. Firum'; consideration. Cf. also the well-known Cinderella stories. 'Samlade Smärre Berättelser af Č. F. Ridderstad,

Cf. the golden reed which grows out of the navel of Linköping, 1849, 'Agnete lille Dei'; Stokes, Indian the witch's daughter in this story infra.

Fairy Tales,'' The Rájá's Son,' pp. 163 and 180; Temple, For difficult tasks which hero or heroine must Legends of the Punjáb,'' Raja Rasåld,' p. 43; Thorpe, perform see Magyar stories 'Handsome Paul,''Cinder.Yule-tide Stories,' Svend's Exploits,' p. 353 ; Geldart, Jack,' The King and the Devil,' 'Fisher 'Joe,' &c. Folk-lore of Modern Greece,' The Snake, the Dog, and (the English text of these stories will be found in a the Cat,' p. 44; Folk-lore Journal, 1884, p. 13; Guberwork on Magyar folk-tales published by the Folk-lore natis, Zoological Mythology, i. 38; Ralston, 'Russian Society, and now in the press); vide • Vadrózeák,' by Folk tales,' the Water King,' p. 126.

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know any one was under the table, but thought Next morning the witch roused the man and it was a dog, and kicked her with his foot so said, “ Get up; the king's son invites us to the that her hand broke off. Then the man's daughter palace.” So the man got up, and the witch gave wished to leave, but the king's son had caused the him her daughter, saying, “ Take her with you, and door handle to be tarred ; and so the girl's ring I will give the other girl some work to do, so that stuck in the tar and she had not time to go back she may not feel lonely while we are away." Then, and fetch it, but rushed out, jumped on her horse, as before, the witch broke the fireplace down and and sprang over the castle wall. When she got poured a bowl of milk over the stones, and said, home she laid her beautiful clothes under the birch * If the milk is not in its bowl and the stones in and left them there, together with her horse, and their places by evening it will go ill with you." then went home and sat down on the bearth. 'Soon The girl went to the birch again, set all in order, the man and his wife came home, and the witch and then rode off to the king's palace. This time said to the girl,“ Ab! you poor miserable thing, the king's son stood waiting for her. When she sitting there and knowing nothing of how the people came he led her and stayed beside her all the day. have enjoyed themselves at the palace. The king's But the witch's daughter sat under the table, and son carried my daughter in his arms, but by accident while there had her eye kicked out. Every one he dropped her, and so broke herarm.” The girl knew wondered where the beautiful girl came from; but all about it, but sat silent as if she knew nothing. no one knew. This time the king's son had the

Next day the king's command came again that threshold tarred, and as the girl went out her gold all were to go to the castle. “Get up, old man, shoe stuck in the tar, and she was obliged to leave and dress yourself," said the witch; "the king's son it. When she got home she said to her mother, again invites you to the feast. Take my daughter “O mother! my shoe is at the palace.” “Never with you, and I will give the other girl a little mind that,” said the mother ; you shall have a work to do lest she should find the time long." better one when you need it." Soon the witch The man did so ; and the witch again broke down came home and said to her, “O you poor wretched the fireplace and threw a bushel of linseed among one! not to see what we saw at the palace. The the stones, bidding the man's daughter to put all king's son carried my daughter from room to room, in order by evening.

but by accident he let her fall and put her eye The poor girl began to weep, and went to the out; but you sit here and know nothing." " How birch. There she bathed as before, and found more can I know anything," said the girl," when I have splendid clothes and a finer horse than before. So to work at the hearth all day?" she took a twig from the birch and swept the The king's son again made a great feast at the stones with it, and lo! the linseed went back to palace and invited everybody to it, as he wished to its measure and the stones jumped into their ind out to whom the ring, the golden hair-band, places. The girl then set off for the king's palace. and the gold shoe belonged. The witch also got The king's son met her, tied her horse to a pillar, ready to go, and made her daughter a foot out of and led her to the festal hall. There she sat by his a battril, a new hand out of a baker's peel, and a side as she had done the day before, but the new eye of horse-dung, and then set off with her witch's daughter sat under the table and gnawed to the palace. her bone. Then the king's son, not knowing that When all the people had assembled the king's any one was under the table, kicked out again and son said that whomever the ring, the hair-band, and broke off one of her feet. When the man's daughter the shoe fitted she should be his bride. Every one rose to go home the king's son ordered the door- tried, but no one was successful. " The man's posts to be tarred. There the girl's gold hair-band daughter has not yet tried,” said the king's son; stuck and she hadn't time to take it, but swung “bring her also." So the girl was brought to the herself on to her horse and sprang over the castle palace, and the king's son handed her the ring, the walls. She left her horse and her beautiful clothes hair-band, and the gold shoe to try ; but the witch by the birch, and said, “O mother ! my golden came up and said, "Do not let her touch them, hair-band is at the palace, for some one had tarred she will dirty them in the ashes; give them to me, the door-posts, and it stuck in the tar.” Don't and I will try them on my daughter.” The king's trouble about that,” said the mother; “I will give son gave her the ring, and she chipped pieces off you a better one in its place." The girl then her daughter's finger till the ring fitted her ; and hastened home, and when the man and his wife in the same way the witch would not allow the returned from the palace she was sitting on the man's daughter to touch the hair-band or the shoe, hearth. Poor thing !" said the witch, "not to but chipped pieces off her daughter's head and feet have seen what we have seen at the king's palace. till they fitted. The king's son then had to take The king's son carried my daughter from room to her for his bride, and he followed her to the man's room, but by accident he let her fall and broke her house as he was asbamed to be married to such leg." The man's daughter said nothing, but sat in a bride at the palace. Yet after some time he silence on the hearth.

thought he had better take her home, and was

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just about to set off when the man's daughter came changed to a reindeer, and you have got the down from the top of the stove and pretended to witch's daughter in her place.". pass by to the cow-house. As she passed she said, “How can I get my wife back ?” asked the I Noble prince, don't take away my gold and king's son. “Give me the child,” said the forsilver." The king's son then recognized her, and tune-teller, "and I will go into the woods with took her with him as well as the witch's daughter, the cows to-morrow, and while there I will gather and set off for the palace. When they had gone leaves; perhaps the child will be quiet there." some distance they came to a river, into which the The king's son then took the fortune-teller with king's son tumbled the witch's daughter, and she bim to the palace and gave the child to her; but when became a bridge. The king's son and the man's the witch saw that she tried to prevent it, and said, daughter then passed over it, and went to the “Why are you sending your child into the wood ?” birch, where they got many precious gifts—three But the king's son ordered the fortune-teller to waggons full of gold, twice as much silver, and a take the child, saying that it would probably be splendid horse; the birch then vanished so that quiet there ; and so the witch was compelled to not even the place where it stood could be seen. let it go. The king's son and his bride then rode on to the When they got to the wood the fortune-teller palace. After some time the king's son's wife had saw a berd of reindeer feeding in a swampy place, à son, and this was told to the witch, who still and she sang to them :thought it was her daughter who lived at the Reindeer! reindeer ! feeding in the swamp, palace, and so she set off to take a godmother's Come, and take care of your child. gift to the child. When she came to the river she Come, and see the child you have borne: saw the bridge that spanned it, and a golden reed

For the witch's daughter has neither food nor drink, growing on it which had grown from her daughter's Then came a reindeer out of the flock and suckled

And cannot quiet its cries !* navel.* This she thought would do for a present the child, and took care of it all that day, and

in to her daughter's son, and was going to cut it when she heard a voice that said, ""o, mother, don't the evening the reindeer gave the child to the forcat me!” “You are there, then," said the witch. tune-teller and said, “Bring the child again to“Yes," replied the daughter, “I was pushed in

morrow and the day after to-morrow, for after that here and so became a bridge.” The witch then I must go far away with the rest of the herd.” took the bridge to pieces, and her daughter to fetch the child, and the witch tried to prevent

Next day the fortune-teller went to the palace came to life again. They then hastened off together to the palace. There the witch ob-her; but the king's son said, “Let it go to the tained permission to see the young mother, and wood again, that it may be quiet again to-night as changed her into a reindeer, putting her own

it was last night." So the fortune-teller put the daughter in her place. But the chilå began to child on her back and went into the woods and cry, and the witch's daughter had no milk to give the child and tended it all day, and it became so

sang as before. Then came the reindeer and suckled it. The child was then taken to another room, and they all tried to soothe it, but in vain ; it strong and beautiful that its like was not to be cried and wailed without ceasing. “ What's the found in the whole world. In the evening, when matter with the child that it is so restless ?” thought whether the reindeer could not by any means be

the fortune-teller came home, the king's son asked the king's son, and went to the fortune-teller to ask for advice.

changed to a woman again. “We'll try,” said the

„ old woman. Come with me to the woods in the “It's not your wifet who nurses the child," said the woman, “for she runs in the wood morning, and if the reindeer takes off its skin burn

it up." Next day they went to the wood, and * I heard a curious story, bearing on this common

when the reindeer came to the child the fortunefolk-lore incident, about a church near Hitchin the other teller said, “So you are going away to-morrow, day. An old lady is reported to have said, " If there is a and so I will never see you again ; let me comb God let six ash trees grow out of my grave after I am your hair before you go." The child's mother dead." "Now," said my informant," six large ash trees then took off her skin, and let the fortune-teller grow out of her grave, and have lifted or torn asunder comb her hair. Just then the king's son seized the the stones that her tomb is built of, and encircle, or even embed in themselves, the railing round it.”

skin and burned it. "I smell burning," said the The changed bride occurs in Magyar tales, e.g., mother, and looking round saw the king's son. The Three Oranges' (Erdélyi, ii. 4), The Widower and “Alas! alas! why did you do that? his Daughter,' and The Two Orpbans '; Gerle, Volksmärchen der Böhmen,' Prag, 1819. Die Goldene Ente? naked," said the child's mother, and changed her,

poor wretched one that I am, I am quite Asbjornsen and Moe, Norske Folkeeventyr,' • Buskebroden'; Grimm, Nos. 89, 135, and 193'; Kletke, self first into a tuft of flax, then into a battril, and Märchensaal aller Völker, Berlin, 1845, i. 167,

Rosette'; Friis, ' Lappiske Eventyr,' No. 4; Steere, * V. & Q.,' 7th S. ii. 105, ' Haccis ædne,' Friis, No. 4; Swahili Tales,' p. 398; and Denton, Serbian Folk- and . Merestä, nouisija Neito' ("The Maid who rose out lore,' p. 191.

of the Sea '), 'Satuja ja Tarinoita,' i., No. 8.

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next into a spinning-wheel; but the king's son at “There is also exported for this expedition from Dunonce destroyed each of them, and so she became a kirke and other places in the Netherlands under the

King of Spain's dominions, 80 shipps." woman again, and said,“Why do you do so ? Do you

W. LoveLL. wish the witch to kill me ?" “Don't fear that," said the king's son ; "she will never be able to “ SETTING THE THAMES ON FIRE.”—This prohurt you again.” And they all went to the palace. verbial expression has, from its first appearance in The king's son then ordered the witch's daughter 1865 (3rd S. vii. 239), been an object of interest to to be burnt, and ever after lived happily with his readers of 'N. & Q.'. Unfortunately, while philolovely bride.

W. HENRY JONES. logists were busy in hunting out the origin of the Mumby Vicarage, Alford.

saying, “a red herring' was drawn across the track in the shape of temse, a sieve. PROF. SKEAT

very pertinently asked (6th S. viii. 476), “Where SPANISI ARMADA.—Harleian 3786, No. 32:- can we find 'to set the temse on fire' in an old Remonstrance of the Spanish Armada, 1639, but for book ?" I hope we shall bear no more of this what duration is not yet known.

north-country word. In 1846 I was in Dublin, Their galeasses, gallions, and gallies

200 Shipps built after the English fashion. .. 120

and in conversation with my old friend Mr. (since 20 hulks, 20 pinks, 20 garnells

... 60 Sir W. R.) Wilde, about a certain over-rated map,

he said, "Ab! he'll never set the Liffey on fire." In all, 380

It seems that in other parts of the world also wellLand souldiers

60,000 Voluntary noblemen and gent.

800

known rivers are alluded to just as we allude to Private landemen

4,000

the Thames. MR. Sala (4th S. v. 101) suggested Saylors

13,000 that the phrase had originated in a poem by the Galley slavos

300 third Lord Thurlow, published in 1814. I cannot Lintalls of powder

9,000

give any very early quotation, but at least I can Poysned bullets for ordnance

42,000 Yellow bullets for wild fire

20,000

give one of 1776. In Foote's Trip to Calais,' Muskets, &c.

12,000 Act III., Lappelle says, in his broken FrenchPartijans...

10,000 Eoglish, " Matt. Minnikin, my lady, an honest Double cannon field pieces filed with old nails and burgoisé, that lives dans the cité, wo'n't set fire to broken from, with flood of carriages and their necessaries, the Thames, though he lives near the bridge.” both for sea and land service, without number; also

J. Dixon. there are 3,000 boards and armour musket proof. There is great provision for round bisketts, eggs, bacon, cheese, Miss FOOTE, COUNTESS OF HARRINGTON. (See 2 boxes birds, beaves, ferage, dates, lampe, paper for 7th S. vi. 6.)—Was Lord Harrington influenced in fuel, water, pouches, landthorns, lead, spades, mattocks, shovells, coalthropes, basketts.' Brass topps innumero making Miss Foote his countess by any desire to able.

offer reparation for an affront given by the previous " The names of the Commanders of the Fleet. Duke Lady Harrington to the audience of Drury Lane Albacyne, Duke Endisfisk, Duke Dadon, Marquess Dedall, Theatre and to Garrick when in the zenith of his Don Mitchell, Don Mashedula, Don Jugg, Don Dike fame? The incident, though probably a mere coDelay, Don Egmundu, with other Dons.

"With these the Archduke is to make with great force incidence, is sufficiently curious to deserve rescue and to be you all of this while, who is reported to have from the ephemeral pages of a defunct print, and a shipp thought to be cannon proof for his admirall. "This cometh with the Archduke Mavordly Spinola recent note. ' I send the original cutting :

to call for preservation in connexion with my the Younger, the Earle of Tuscan, and the Earl of Aquila, with 30,000 horses, to be transported in flat

"A Card from the Audience of Drury Lane Theatre bottoms boates. The second son of the Duke of Saxony

to Lady Harrington, is Admiral of ye Spanish Navy; Sir Rob, Dudley Vice- “ The Audience of Friday Night last, present every Admirall; Sir Griffin Marsham and Sir Guy Stanley, Thing, but their Respects, to Lady Harrington; they beCollonels of Regiments. Also there is one Nevill, who seech her Ladyship, the next Time she is pleased to come counts himself Earl of Westmoreland, who hath a great late to the Play, that she will not think herself intitled command.

to disturb their

Entertainment by a Kind of a snuffling The names of the citties that hath sent in shipps. Gabble to the Persons about her, which will the next From Aveires 20, from Valentia 20, from Lisbon 40, Time receive a more general Disapprobation than it did from Foome (Fiume) 50, from Cadiz and Marquez 20, last Friday. Nothing but the Beauty and Innocence from St. Levastius 20, from Naples 40, from Barcelona which were in her Ladyship’s Company, and Mr. Gar70; in toto, 280. There have arrived lately at Lisbon 30 rick's being upon the Stage, could have prevented the armed elephants from —; but for what purpose is Audience from returning her Insult in another Manner. not yet known.

"A, B. C. D. E. F, G, H, I. K., &c. &c. &c." "A coppie of a l're from Malligo, for this place is

W. J. FITZPATRICK. greater p'parason for Warr, the like hath not been in

Dublin. Spain, from whence the King is to have 1,000 tuns of wine and vineger, and likewise there is provided 1,000 THE SURGEON'S COMMENT.' (See 6th S. x. 226, barrells of small shott, 10,000 lintalls of powder, 60,000 297, 393.)—The following translation from the broaches or basketts of pynes (pygonoes), with an incredible number of spades, shovells, scoopes, mattocks, German, containing the same idea as “The Surand all other provisions for victualls, and also wild. geon's Comment,' may be found in an article on

FOR

Some Soldier Poetry,' by John Weiss, Atlantic I bave searched, or had searched, almost every enMonthly, July, 1862. The lines form part of a cyclopædia, dictionary, &c., I could think of, but song which is sung by a minstrel before battle :- no Spanish works. Will some one kindly help me ? Three faces does a surgeon wear :

H. DELEVINGNE.
At first God is not higher;

Castle Hill, Berkhampstead,
And when with wounds they illy fare,
He comes in angel's tire;

AMSTERDAM COFFEE-HOUSE.—Where was this
But soon as word is said of pay,

situated ? Is there any list of coffee-houses one How gracelessly they grieve him !

can refer to ? Any such list must necessarily be They bid his odious face away, Or knavishly deceive him.

imperfect; but nevertheless would be not a little useful.

C. A. WARD. Mr. Weiss says that the date and name of

Walthamstow. author are unknown ; but judging from the German, it was written after the time of Luther. It “ Cousin" “Niece.”—Can any of your is the production of some Meistersinger, who intro- readers give me examples of the word cousin being duced it into a 'History of Henry the Fowler' used for niece, say, in the seventeenth century or that was written by him in the form of a comedy. later?

BLANK. S. A. WETMORE. Semen Falls, New York.

EDWARD WILLIAMS, THE WELSH BARD.-On the fly-leaf of an old MS. volume of pedigrees and

conveyancing matter, containing nearly six hundred Queries.

pages, which was lent to me a few years ago, the We must request correspondents desiring information following is written :on family matters of only private interest, to affix their "A man's Pedigree not necessarily an honour. , I can names and addresses to their queries, in order that the trace my own pedigree for many generations (says Ed. answers may be addressed to them direct.

ward Williams, the Welsh Bard). I can prove that many

of my ancestors were men of rank and wealth and power; HALL-MARK.--Can any one give me an instance

and am determined to print the whole genealogy, for the

mere purpose of showing that the highest in rank were of this word being used to signify the assay-mark the lowest in moral worth, and that the greatest men on plate earlier than 1826 ? In that year an index among my forefathers were, out of all proportion, the to the first sixty-one volames of the Annual Register greatest scoundrels.” was published. Under “Forgery” a reference is Can any reader of 'N. & Q.? tell me who this given to a case, “ forgery of the ball-mark on plate,” worthy genealogist was; and if he carried his threat vol. xx. p. 168, 1777; but the entry really records into execution ? The entries in the book date from the conviction of a man for "counterfeiting the about 1780 to 1830. stamp of a lion used by the worshipful company of

W. H. SMITH, Major-General. Goldsmiths to mark gold and silver plate." I do REWE=Rowed.-In "A notable | & wonderfull not ask for information about the marks them.

Seafight | Between Two great & well-mounted selves, as I have Mr. Chaffers's excellent volume

Spanish Ships | And a small & not very well Hall-Marks on Gold and Silver Plate,' 1883; provyded | English Shipp i ...... At Amsterdam, ! what I wish to ask is when the present term “hall- | printed by George Veseler, Anno 1621,” 4to., black mark" first came into use. Its origin is obvious, letter, there is the following: the Spaniards “com; namely, that, inasmuch as all articles of gold and maunded the boat aboard, but she rewe from them." silver made in London bave to be assayed and Is there a later instance of the use of this form ? stamped at Goldsmiths' Hall, the assay-marks bave

H, HALLIDAY SPARLING. come to be called “hall-marks.” The term has become so popular that a facetious writer in the OPODELDOC. — Can any of 'N. & Q.' readers Quarterly Review, April, 1888 (p. 281), speaks of help me to the derivation of opodeldoc ? Littré the Council of Trent as “hall-marking" the Vul- defines it, but does nothing more. I have heard gate.

J. Dixon.

that it is an American term, though Mayne says that

it is an Oriental term, and Ogilvie that it is said to GENEROSI : ARMIGERI. - What is the exact have been invented by Mindererus. At present, of difference between the two? Guillim gives the course, it signifies a soap liniment. The first half arms of many generosi (gentlemen) as distinguished is, I should think, onòs, juice, the second might be from armigeri (esquires); but what_constituted Arabian. I shall be very grateful for any assistthe difference ? John E. T. LOVEDAY.

E. MANSEL SYmpson. SCARPINES.-In his Westward Ho' Kingsley BLAKE AND ST. ALBYN FAMILIES.- A painted several times speaks of the "scarpines” as an shield in my possession bears, Arg., a chev. between instrument of torture used in the Inquisition, ex- three garbs sa. (Blake), impaling Erm., on a bend ceeding all others in the agony produced. But he gu three bezants, intended, I believe, for St. gives no description, or even hint as to its nature. Albyn, of Alfoxton, co. Somerset. Can any one

ance,

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