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LONDON, SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 1888.

B.-I. B. Heroick Education; or, Choice Maximes for

the Facile Training up of Youth. 1657. 12mo, CONTENTS.-N° 138.

Also, Of Education, &c. 1699. 12mo,

Baker, R. Remarks on the E, Language, 1779 and NOTES :- English Grammars, 121-Suppression of the Drama, 1799. 8vo.

122-8t. Pancras and Synnada-Quignon's Breviary, 123– Severity of Penal Code-Mr. Gladstone, 124–Solar Eclipse

Bales, P. Writing Schoolemaster, teaching Brachy- Lavender Bush - Assist - Pearls - Phonograph, 125 —

graphie, Orthographie, and Calligraphie. 1590. 4to. Missing MB.-Use of Spectacles-Mob-Mitten-Caravan- Barbour, J. An Epitome of G. Principles. Oxon., Byron's Town House, 126.

1668. 12mo. QUERIES :- Shanty-"Chante Pleures" - Pope's Villa

Barnes, Rev. W. A Philological G., grounded upon Bishop Latimer-Jack-ass-8. South-St. Andrews. Ward-E. London, 1854. 8vo. robe-Parodies of Scott's Prose, 127-'Gulliver's Travels

Early England and the Saxon English. London. Leighton Family-Loke - Oath Formula - Catawimple- Fcap. 8vo. A mort "=Much - Rhymes on Bird Notes - Longfellow Batchelor, T. Orthoepical Analysis of the E. LanPedigree, 128_Authors Wanted, 129.

guage. 1809. 8vo. REPLIES :- Practical Jokes in Comedy, 129_" Of a certain Bayly, Anselm. E. G. 1772. 8vo.

age " - Christabel - Clarendon Press, 180 - Glasses which Beattie, J. Theory of Language. 1788. 8vo. Flatter-Dead Men=Empty Bottles-Verification of Quota- Bell, J. System of E. G. Glasgow, 1769. 2 vols., tions-St. Lawrence-Street in Westminster-Cliffe Family, 12mo. 131 – A Beckett Family, 132 — “Natura nihil facit per saltum"-Ainsworth : Cruikshank-Certifago-Lord Fanny,

Bellum Grammaticale; or, the Grammatical Battel 133-Venables - Snead-Heraldic – Dual Origin of Stuart Royal, in reflection on the three E. Grammers, published Family-The · Brussels Gazette,' 134-Dedluck-Matthews in about a year last past. 1712. 8vo. Bible-Bishops Jackson and Lloyd, 135–Portraits in ‘Town Bertram, Charles. English-Danish Grammar. 1750. and Country Magazine'-M8. Book of Pedigrees-" Oddcome-shorts"-Rhyme Wanted - Volunteers in 1745, 138.m. hagen, 1749. 12mo.

Essay on the Style of the E. Tongue. CopenRadical Reform-Butter-scotch-Alton Castle-Lord Ruthven, 137—Cholyen8– Herbert Family-Relic of Witchcraft

Blair, D. Practical G. of the E. Language. 1809. 12mo. -Robinson Cruso, 138.

Also 1816. 18mo. NOTES ON BOOKS:- English Dialect Society Publications

Bobbit, A. Elements of E. G. 1833. 12mo. - Axon's 'Stray Chapters in Literature'-Denton's • Eng

Bosworth, Rev. J. Elements of Anglo-Saxon G. 1823. land in the Fifteenth Century'- - Journal of the Derbyshire Royal 8vo. Archæological Society.'

Compendious G. of the Anglo-Saxon Language. Notices to Correspondents, &c.

1826. 8vo.

Brightland J. E. G. 1712. 12mo.

Brinsley, John. Ludus Literarius ; or, the G. Schoole.

London, 1612; reprinted 1627. 4to,
Notes.

Brittain, Lewis. Rudiments of E, G, Louvain, 1778,

12mo. ENGLISH GRAMMARS.

Buchanan, Dr. On the Elegant and Uniform ProA collection of the names of some of the older nunciation of the E. Language.1766. 8vo. Later ed., English grammars, and of books more or less 1827 (?) interesting to the student of English grammar, was

Bucke. Classical E. G. 1829. 12mo.

Butler, Charles. E. G. Oxford, 1633.–See preface to made many years ago by Sir F. Madden, and is Johnson's Dict." His system of orthography is exempow in my possession. It is doubtless imperfect, plified in his 'Principles of Musick' (1636) and his but I think it may prove of some interest. I there-Feminin Monarchi; or, the Histori of Bees ''(1634). fore give it nearly as it was made. It was collected Callander [Jobn?]. Deformities of Dr. S. Johnson. by the simple process of_making cuttings from 1782. 8vo. booksellers catalogues. Few of the books men, style.] London, 1767. 12mo. Later, 1783.

Campbell, A. Lexiphanes. [Against Dr. Johnson's tioned are of very recent date. I have compared

Care, H. Tutor to True English. 1687. 8vo. the list with Lowndes's 'Bibliographer's Manual, Carew, Richard. Survey of Cornwall ; with an Epistle which fails to mention several of them. The concerning the excellencies of the E. Tongue. London, abbreviations “E.” and “G.” mean

1769. 4to. and “Grammar",

Casaubon, Meric. De Lingua Hebraica et de Lingua

Saxonica. London, 1650. 12mo. Adams, Rev. James. Euphonologia Linguæ Anglicanæ. Cassander, I, Criticisms on Tooke's Diversions of 1794, 8vo,

Purley. 1790. 8vo. The Pronunciation of the E. Language Vindi. Chapman, Rev. J. Rhythmical G. of the E. Language. cated from imputed Anomaly and Caprice. Edinburgh, 1821. ` 12mo. 1799. 8vo.

Churchill, 0. New G, of the E. Language. 1823. Adelung's Three Philological Essays. Translated from | 12mo. the German by A. F. M. Willich. 1798. 8vo.

Cleland, John. Way to Things by Words: an Attempt Anchoran, J. The Gate of Tongues Unlocked and at the Rétrieval of the Ancient Celtic. London, 1766, Opened. 1637. 8vo.-Given by Mr. Wheatley in his list 8vo. Also 1768-9. of Dictionaries,' but not with this date.

Cobbett, Wm. E. G. 1819 and 1826, &c. 12mo. Andrew, Dr. Institutes of Grammar. 1817. 8vo. Conjectural Observations on the Origin and Progress

Ascham, R. The Scholemaster. 1571. 4to.--A well- of Alphabetic Writing. 1772. 8vo. known book; the editions are numerous.

Cook's (Coote's ?] E. Schoolmaster. 1652. Ash, Dr. Introduction to Dr. Louth's E. G. 1807. Cooperi Grammatica Linguæ Anglicanæ. 1685. 1200. 12mo.

Coote, Charles. Elements of E, G. 1778 (1788 ?]. 8vo. A Comprehensive G. of the E. Tongue. Prefixed Coote, Edw. The E. School-master. 1636, 1658, 1665, to his . Dictionary,' 1776. 8vo.

1692, 1704, 4to.

"English"

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Croft, Herbert. Letter to the Princess Royal of Eng. Gardiner's E. G., Adapted to Different Classes of land, on the E. and German Languages. Hamburg, Learners. 1809. 12mo. 1797. 4to.

Grammar. Some New Essays of a Natural and ArtiCrombie, Alex. The Etymology and Syntax of the E. ficial Grammar.....for the Benefit of a Noble Youth (W. Language. 1802, 1809, 1830, 1838. 8vo.

Godolphin, Esq.). 1707. Folio.
Reply to Dr. Gilchrist on E. G. 1817. 8vo.

Short Introduction of G., generally to be used.
Davies, Rev. Edw. Celtic Researches. London, 1804. Cambridge, 1668.
Royal 8vo.

G. of the E. Tongue, with Notes, &c. 1711, Sro. Delamothe, G. The French Alphabet, &c. London, Also, n.d. 12mo. 1595. 8vo. 1631. 18mo.

G. of the E. Verb. 1815. 12mo, Devis, Ellin. Accidence ; or, First Rudiments of E. G. Two Grammatical Essays on a Barbarism in the 1786. 12mo.

E. Language. 1768. 8vo. Dictionnaire de la Prononciation Angloise. London, Greenwood, James. Essay towards a Practical E, G, 1781. 8vo.

1729, 1753. 12mo, Dissertation on the Beauties and Defects of the E. Grimm, Jacob. Deutsche Grammatik, Göttingen, Language. Paris, 1805. 12mo.

1822-37. 4 vols., 8vo. Dutch and E. Grammar. 1775. 12mo.

Groombridge, H. The Rudiments of the E. Tongue. Du Wes, Giles. An Introductorie for to Lerne to Bath, 1797. 8vo. Rede, to Pronounce, and to speak French Trewly. Gwilt, Joseph. Rudiments of a G, of the Anglo-Saxon London, by Nic. Bourman, n.d. [about 1540]. Also by Tongue. London, 1829, 8vo. J. Waley; also, by T. Godfray. Reprinted, together

WALTER W. SKEAT. with Palsgrave's · Dictionary,' at Paris, 1852. Elphinston, James. Analysis of the French and E.

(To be continued.) Languages. 1756. 2 vols., 12mo.

Principles of the E. Language. London, 1765. 2 vols., 12mo.

THE SUPPRESSION OF THE DRAMA DURING Propriety ascertained in her Picture; or, E.

THE PROTECTORATE AND COMMONWEALTH. Speech and Spelling, &c. 1787. 2 vols., 4to. E. Orthography Epitomized. London, 1790. 8vo.

According to Collier the latest recorded infracFifty Years' Correspondence between Geniuses of tion of the Acts (of 1642, 1647, and 1648) for the both Sexes. [In reformed spelling.] London, 1791-4. suppression of plays occurred at Witney, in Os. 8 vols., 12mo.

fordshire, when Mucedorus' was acted by strollMinniature of Inglish Orthography. 1795. 8vo. ing players on Feb. 3, 1653/4. The performance Elstob, Elizabeth. Rudiments of G. for the E. Saxon Tongue. London, 1715. 4to.

was interrupted by the fall of part of the floor, English, J. Observations on Mr. Sheridan's Disserta- which caused the loss of several lives. This tion concerning the E. Tongue, 1762. 8vo.

event is commemorated in Jobn Rowe’s TragiE. G., Royal; Reformed into a more easie Method. Comedia' (Collier, ' Annals of the Stage,' ii. 47, 1695. 12mo.

ed. 1879) E. Language, Observations upon the. N.d. [about

newg

The following references from the 1715]. 8vo.

prove

that Reflections on the ; being a Detection of many papers of the Protectorate seem to

perImproper Expressions, &c.' 1770. 8vo.

formances were frequently given in private up to Vulgarisms and Improprieties of. 1833. 12mo. the end of 1655 :E. Orthographie. Oxford, 1668. 4to.-Said to be by “ Dec, 30, 1654.-This day the players at the Red Owen Price (Wood, 'Ath. Ox.,' ii, 490).

Bull, being gotten into all their borrowed gallantry and E. Tongue, G. of the ; with the approbation of Bicker- ready to act, were by some of the souldiery despoiled of staff, 1711. 12mo.

all their bravery, but the souldiery carryed themselves E. Words, Vocabulary of; of dubious Accentuation. very civilly towards the audience.”—The Perfect Account, 1797. 8vo.

&c., Dec. 27-Jan. 3, 1654/5. Errors of Pronunciation...... by the Inhabitants of London and Paris, 1817. 8vo,

In Mercurius Fumigosus, No. 29, Dec. 13–20, Essay upon Literature : an Enquiry into the Antiquity 1654, p. 227, is a story of a company of young and Original of Letters. 1726. 8vo.

actors rehearsing a comedy; and there is also a Essay upon the Harmony of Language..... to Illustrate similar story in Mercurius Fumigosus, Feb. 7-14, that of the E. Language. 1774. 8vo.

Explanatory Treatise on the Subjunctive Mode. 1834. 1655, p. 294. Two other accounts of interrupted 8vo,

performances may be added :Familiar E. Synonymes Critically and Etymologically "Friday, Sept. 11, 1655. - This Day proved Tragical to Illustrated. 1822. 1200.

the Players at the Red Bull, their acting being against Fearn, Jo. Anti-Tooke : an Analysis of Language. an Act of Parliament the Soldiers secured the persons of London, 1824. 8vo.

some of them who were upon the Stage, and in the Tyring Fenner, Dudley. The Artes of Logike and Rhetorike. house, they seized also upon their Cloaths in which they Middleburgh, 1584. 4to.

acted, a great part whereof was very rich, it never fared Fisher and Tryon's New Spelling-Book. 1700. 12mo. worse with the spectators then at this present, for those

Forneworth, R. The Pure Language of the Spirit of who had monies paid their five shillings apeece, those Truth; or, Thee and Thou, &c. [Defence of Quaker who had none to satisfie their forfeits, did leave their Idiom.] 1656. 8vo.

Cloaks behind them, the Tragedy of the Actors and tho Free, Dr. John. Essay towards an History of the E. Spectators was the Comedy of the Soldiers. There was Tongue. London, 1749, 1773, 1788. 8vo.

abundance of the female sex who not able to pay 58. did French Alphabet (a Quaint Assemblage of Gram- leave some gage or other behind them, insomuch that matical Dialogues, in French and E.). 1639. 18mo. although the next day after the Fair was expected to be

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a new Faire of Hoods of Aprons and of Scarfs all which may add, did the Rev. Charles Kingsley in his their poverty being made known and after some check otherwise admirable ‘Hypatia.' So in this freefor their Trespasse, were civilly again restored to the dom with history at different Christian epochs owners."— Weekly Intelligencer, Sept. 11-18.

" Letter from Newcastle upon Tine, Jan. 10.—I here Wiseman and Kingsley must be admitted to have send you a piece of exemplary justice which as it sets a erred together. copy to other Majestrates of this Nation, so also cannot 2. Mr. White (p. 9) also mentions that old St. be unfitly thought communicable to you. On the 28 of Pancras Churchyard—which has, unhappily, beon, December, a cluster of lewd fellowes, adventuring to act at least in part, desecrated by a railway line, the a Comedy within the precincts and bounds of this Town; then Bishop

of London and the then Archbisbop of daring as it were authority, and outfacing justice; our vigilant magistrates hearing of it, resolved to set a boun Canterbury having given their sanction, the result dary to their sinful courses and clip the harvest of their being Act of Parliament powers for the desecration hopes; concluding such enormities, the proper nurseries -holds (or held) the ashes of Jeremy Collier (a. of impiety; and therefore they repair to the place, where having begun, Alderman Robert Johnson, Mr. Sheriff, purifier of the stage); of Mary Wollstonecraft, and divers godly men step in to see their sport, but their afterwards wife of Godwin, author of Political sudden approach often changed the scene, both of their Justice,' and mother of Mrs. Shelley; of the play and countenances, so that the interlude proving Corsican patriot General Paoli (for whom vide ominous, boded no less than a Tragedy to the Actors; turn- Life of Lord Minto,' by Nina, Countess of ing the play into a Tragi-Comedy; after they had done they Minto), and other distinguished persons.

I were apprehended and examined before the Mayor and other Justices of the Peace, and found guilty of being heard many years ago from a lady of my own common players of Interludes according to a statuto family, who was born and baptized (as many made in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, and according other members of my family have been) in St. to Law adjudged to be whipt, which accordingly Pancras, that old St. Pancras was the last parish was performed on the publick Market-place, where A great confluence of people thronged to see them act church in England where the Latin Mass was said the last part of their play, their robes of honour hanging after the Reformation. I have always doubted, in publick view.

and still doubt, this local tradition. If any of your "Therefore let the Nation know their names and more learned readers can on this point either inform habitations, that all that have converse with them mayor correct me, I shall be obliged. My present imlook upon them to be such as the law of the land hath concluded them to be, Rogues and Vagabonds, as fol. pression is that (as Mr. White states p. 9 and pp. loweth.

44-7) St. Pancras's graveyard in London was a John Blaiklock of Jesmond,

favourite place of sepulture since the Reformation John Blaiklock of Jesmond his son, both Papists. for Roman Catholics dying in London, since James Moorhead of Newcastle.

mortuary masses for such persons were of charity Edward Liddel of Jesmond, a Papist. James Edwards of Usebourn.

celebrated in the other church of St. Pancras in Thomas Rawkstraw of Newcastle.

Rome itself. Mr. White adds that there are seven Richard Byerly of Usebourn.

churches of St. Pancras in England, one in France, All whipt in Newcastle for Rogues and Vagabonds."-one in Germany (at Giessen, in Hesse Darmstadt), The Publick Intelligencer, Jan. 14-21, 1655/6.

and several in Italy, including the notable San C. H. FIRTH.

Pancrazio in Rome.

3. Mr. White states (p. 11) that St. Pancras ST. PANCRAS AND SYNXADA.

was born C. A.D. 293 at Sydnada, in Phrygia, & 1. A good popular lecture on St. Pancras, The place famous for its beautiful marble quarries," Boy Martyr under Diocletian,' was delivered (and and possibly visited by St. Paul. The magnificent afterwards published) by the Rev. Edward White, red or purple marble of Synnada (cf. the Italian minister of St. Paul's Chapel

, Hawley Road, Kentish marble pavonazzo) is mentioned by Claudian, ed. Town Road, in North łondon (J. Nisbét & Co., Jeep, vol. i. p. 197, 'In Eutrop.,' lib. ii. (xx.) :Berners Street ; Warren, Hall & Co., Camden Dives equis, felix pecori pretiosaque picto Town, 1856). Opposite the title-page, by special

Marmore, purpureis cædunt quod Syonada venis. permission of the vestry of St. Pancras, is figured Cf. also Strabo (p. 577), apud Jeep, who greatly * St. Pancras trampling upon Roman superstition." extols to datólov Evvvaðikoû lidov. The young saint is in the civil garb of a Roman

H. DE B. H. citizen, with shaven head and circular nimbus over it (with no cross inside the aureole), holding in his CARDINAL QUIGNON'S BREVIARY. (See 6th S. right hand the palm of martyrdom. He crushes a xii. 18.)—Besides the editions named in N. & Q.' figure symbolizing Paganism. Mr. White men and those spoken of in my reprint of the first text tions in his preface that the now deceased Cardinal of this breviary (Cambridge University Press, Wiseman, in his religious romance about the Dio- 1888), there is an edition, hitherto undescribed, cletian persecution of the Church, introduces a published at Lyons in 1536 by Vincentius de Porcharacter “Pancratius," adding justly that for tonariis. I came across a copy in the Bibliothèque literary purposes the cardinal took considerable de la Ville at Lyons during a visit there in April liberties with the actual tradition. So, in fact, I last. The title is, 'Breviarium | Romanum nuper

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| reformatum, in quo Sacræ Scri | pturæ libri, cut down a young cherry-tree would take away a probateque Sanctorum historie eleganter man's life” (p. 309). beneque dispositæ | leguntur.' The first two The same circumstance, but told in a very lines are in small Roman capitals, the first red, different form, is mentioned in ' Lives of Twelve the second black. Under the title is an oblong cut Eminent Judges,' by W. C. Townsend, Recorder of an angel bearing a shrine or tabernacle, on the of Macclesfield, published in 1846. The author right door of which is "Ave Maria"; on the left, died in 1850, just after being made a Q.C. Let "OPA' ELENA” (? gratia plena); under door, “Plus it be first noted that he is delineating the chaultra'

on the left side of_angel “P.M.,"; racter of Sir Francis Buller, a judge as able as on the right side "M.P." The legend round severe, and contrasting it, though favourably in the block is, “Vincentius de Portonariis de point of leniency, with that of Mr. Justice Tridono de Monte Ferrato." Under the woodcut Heath, his colleague and contemporary : is, "MDXXXVI.” The colophon is, “Excudebant “Mr. Justice Heath, for instance, who several years Lugd. Melchior et Gaspar Trechsel Fratres." after, left a man of infamous character for execution,

The book is printed in red and black Gothic under a particular statute, for cutting down a grove type, with double columns. I think it is an 8vo., dread penalty for offences against property, and the

of seventy young trees. Death appears to have been the but I do not feel confident as to the main direction calendar of larceny to have been marked with characters of the water-mark lines. The preface begins with of blood” (vol. i. p. 20). Cogitanti mibi,” which I fancy is the best short

Judge Heath died in 1816 and Sir Francis diagnosis of a Quignon of the first text from a Buller in 1800. Mr. Townsend, alluding to both Quignon of the second text, the preface of which judges, lays the blame on the age, and not on latter begins with “Breviarium Romanum." I the individuals who pronounced the sentence of could find no letters from the Pope or the King of the law. On the one hand Dr. Ingleby mentions France, as the other French editions have. The the offence as merely "cutting down a cherrytable of movable feasts runs up to the year 1568, tree"; whilst Mr. Townsend brands Pollo as the very year in which the use of Quignon was man of infamous character," and mentions his abolished by Pius V.

aggravated offence “cutting down a grove of The pagination begins, strange to say, with the seventy young trees.” It was presumably under a first page of the preface ; the Psalter on fol. 19 statute called the Black Act that Pollo was executed, recto ; the Dominicale on fol. 81 recto; the Sanc- which remained unrepealed in the statute book torale on fol. 442 recto. The last folio is 495. until 1827. Mr. Townsend has just been dis

In the few points of the text that I was able to cussing the case of Capt. Donellan, who was collate, this edition seemed to be descended from executed at Warwick in 1781 for poisoning his the first Roman edition rather than from the brother-in-law, Sir Theodosius Boughton. Sir Venice edition of the first text. The title, how. Francis Buller in this case had summed up ever, is the same as that of the Venice edition and with his mind evidently convinced of the prisoner's of the other French editions.

guilt, and always adhered to that conviction. J. WICKHAM LEGG.

JOHN PICKFORD, M.A. Braemar, N.B.

Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. SEVERITY OF THE ENGLISA PENAL CODE.-In DOES MR. GLADSTONE SPEAK WITH A PRO'N. & Q.,' 6th S. iii. 148, 313, 335, some notes VINCIAL ACCENT ?—Prominent public characters appeared on the capital punishment of juvenile have ever been exposed to attack, as the Chorus offenders, one in particular, by me, at p. 313, in the 'Ajax' of Sophocles says of that hero, mentioning the execution of a boy aged only twelve των γάρ μεγάλων ψυχών είς, years at Lancaster, named Abraham Charlesworth.

ουκ άν αμάρτοι

· κατά δ' άν τις εμού His crime was being concerned in setting fire to a τοιαυτα λέγων, ουκ αν πείθοι. factory at Westhoughton, in Lancashire, March 24,

προς γάρ τον έχονθ' ο φθόνος έρπει, 1812. The other day, perasing, a recently-published it is not surprising that he has not been exempt

and in the case of the modern English statesman book, the ' Essays 'of my late friend Dr. C. M. from the common fate. But it may be news to Ingleby, I came upon the following passage in a note in the essay 'A Voice for the Mute Crea- 1 many, as it certainly was to myself, to be told that tion,' which points out the severity of the penal Somerset Word-Book," lately issued by the Eng

he speaks with a provincial accent. In the West code " when George III. was king.". In the year lish Dialect Society, the compiler, Mr. T. F. 1814 Edward Pollo was hanged at the new gaol, Elworthy, says :Chelmsford, for cutting down a cherry-tree in a plantation at Kelvedon, in Essex, the property of and a Bristolian anywhere, even if he were not half so

"A real Taunton man I should know in Timbuctoo à Mr. Brewer. Mr. Justice Leath, who tried marked as Mr. Gladstone is by his native Lancashire."him, told him that "a man that would wilfully Preface, p. xiv.

6

as

ii. 9)

Considering his Scotch parentage on both sides, cracy there must be about Hitchin ; the district his early residence at Liverpool (a perfect colluvies cannot fail to present an interesting field of study gentium), his education at Eton and Oxford, and to others than those who have been fascinated by long contact with the world of London in all its Mr. Seebohn's discovery of the traces it bears of varieties for more than half a century, it seems the English open-field system. St. SWITHIN. strange that he could have retained much, if

any, of the true Lancashire as spoken by Tim Bobbin.

Assist USED AS A Noun.—This word is given This is one difficulty. Another arises from Mr. in the 'New English Dictionary,' and marked Elworthy's powers of discrimination, which, how- “rare.” There is a quotation for its use from Day, over strong and accurate as to Somersetshiro dia- 1607. The word is used by Middleton in The lects, may be at fault as to Lancashire. Be this Old Law,'I. i.:it may, there must be hundreds of persons, both in First Lawyer: For the women, for that they never public and private life, well acquainted with Mr. were defence to their country; never by counsel admitted Gladstone's modes and tone of speech, and also to the

assist of government of their country. competent judges of English pronunciation, who This play, was first printed in 1656, but in Hallicould confirm or refute Mr. El worthy's remarkable well's Dictionary of Old Plays' it is stated that criticism.

W. E. BUCKLEY.

“this drama was first acted in some form in 1599,

and Massinger perhaps made additions to it long THE SOLAR ECLIPSE ON OCTOBER 14, 1688.— afterwards.” Of. also Mr. A. H. Bullen's edition Now that so much is being said and is likely to of Middleton, vol. i. pp. xiv-v. be said about the great event which in the ap

F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. proaching autumn will have taken place two PEARLS. — Linnæus bad a secret to produce hundred years ago, it may be interesting to refer pearls, and he disposed of it to Bagge (24 B., to some remarks in Evelyn's 'Diary,' under date of Gottenburg for 18,000 copper dollars. In 1780 1688, October 14:

his heirs wished to sell the sealed receipt to the “The king's birthday. No guns from the tower as highest bidder. Dr. Stover says the secret is in usual. The sun eclipsed at its rising. This day signal the hands of Dr. J. E. Smith at London. Now for the victory of William the Conqueror against Harold, Linnæus, in his ‘Systema Naturæ,' writes, “Marnear Battel, in Sussex. The wind, which had been hitherto west, was east all this day. Wonderful expecta- garita. Testa excrescentia latere interiore, dum tion of the Dutch feet. Public prayers ordered to be exterius latus perforatur," so that he himself pubread in the churches against invasion."

lished in 1746 the secret that he sold in 1761. He On October 14 (corresponding to the 24th, must have forgotten the fact; and what a comment Gregorian style) in that year, an eclipse of the sun it is on the influence exercised on the world by the took place indeed, which was annular in South publication of philosophical works !

The philoAfrica, but no part of it was visible in Europe. sopher gets money for an open secret of twenty Evelyn's remark (which has been copied into years' standing, and a merchant can make money several books), that “the sun rose eclipsed," by buying it. Money might be got out of Boyle's

" would have been true had he been at the Cape of experiments even now.

C. A. WARD. Good Hope, but as he was in London, one can only

Walthamstow. suppose that the morning was very dark, and that,

THE PRONOGRAPH. — Now that the Edison having heard that an eclipse of the sun would take place on that day, he erroneously supposed that well to note where and to what extent its principle

phonograph has been so far perfected it may the darkness was due to it. W. T. Lynn.

has been anticipated. I have the following note, in Blackheath.

print, which may be of service to that end. UnLAVENDER BUSH.—The writer of an article on fortunately the date appended to it in MS. is Queen Natalie' (of Servia) in St. James's Gazette blurred, but I believe it is 1859 ; at all events it of Joly 16, 1888, finds occasion to remark :

can be easily ascertained or verified :According to the ordinary traditions of the matri

"M. l'Abbé Moigno read a paper before the British monial state, the husband, whether in hovel or in palace, Association describing

a new method of reproducing the ought to be master. There are cases notoriously where human voice and other sounds in such a manner as to be practice does not quite accord with accepted theory. The visible to the eye. The instrument by which this is lavender bush flourishes in many a cottage garden; and effected is called the Phonautograph; it is the invention instances may be cited in which, though the husband of a young Frenchman, M. E. L. Scott. The Phonautosat on the throne, the wife swayed the sceptre."

graph consists of a tube enlarged at one end in the same

manner as a trumpet in order to concentrate the sounds, So far back as 1st S. vi. 123, 'N. & Q.' bas it on which are conveyed through it to a thin membrane record that Hertfordshire folk have the fancy that tightly strained over the other end of the instrument. rosemary flourishes only " where the missis is This membrane carries affixed to it an excessively light master," but I do not recollect meeting with any produced by the action of the air upon the membrane.

style or pencil, which is put in motion by every vibration intimation that a lavender bush was fraught with Behind this style a band of paper covered with lampthe same significance. If it be so, what a gyneco- black is unrolled by clockwork; and as this band passes

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