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sengers, the Stockton and Darlington line, which Edition of the English Poets,” by Robert Bell, was opened for passenger traffic five years before Ballads, Songs, &c., of the Peasantry,' London, the Liverpool and Manchester. Its first passenger 1857, p. 216, he will see that the story in the carriage was the body of a stage coach fixed to a 'Generation of Judges' (p. 14) may very well be railway truck. The majority of the passengers on correct, for there is this note on ‘The Lincolnshire the day of opening had to content themselves with Poacher ':places in empty coal-waggons.

"This very old ditty has been transformed into the E. LEATON BLENKINSOPP. dialects of Somersetshire, Nothamptonshire, and LeiA collection of railway tickets would, half a

cestershire, but it properly belongs to Lincolnshire.”

ED. MARSHALL. century hence, be of some antiquarian interest. We have collections of postage stamps ad nauseam, I think the above is the correct title of this and why not tickets ? Has any attempt been made ditty, though it has been made to do duty for to form one! I can fancy that were an interest Lancashire, Leicestershire, and I believe several once aroused in the collection of tickets it would other shires. The earliest copy I have seen is in soon far outstrip that in postage stamps, for the a duodecimo pamphlet printed at Dublin. This simple reason that tickets are more costly and was reprinted, with one or two typographical more difficult to obtain. If any reader of N. &Q: errors, in the Midland Counties Historical Colhas commenced collecting, I shall be glad to com- lector, vol. ii. p. 320.

ANON, municate with him.

G. W. M. CHAFFER (7th S. vi. 7).

STORM=Frost (7th S. v. 448, 473). -Somewhat

analogous to this use of storm for frost is the use What do I care for the Doctor Seraphic,

of orage for wind of any kind, even for a light With all bis wordy chaffer and traffic ? "Golden Legend,' sect. vi. (p. 238, Albion ed.).

breeze, upon the Saône. Mr. P. G. Hamerton

twice notes this in 'The Saône : & Summer Is this such a quotation as Dr. MURRAY wants ? C. F. S. WARREN, M.A.

Voyage'; see pp. 58, 81. I quote from the latter

reference : Foleshill Hall, Coventry.

“The word 'orage' on the banks of the Saône has not CAAD PENNIES (70 S. vi. 7). For some account its usual French meaning...... In ordinary French it of Chad pennies and Chad farthings see a letter means a storm, generally a thunderstorm, but on the from Samuel Pegge, printed in the Gentleman's wind, even a light breeze. Our pilot called the faintest

Saône it means the south wind, and, by extension, any Magazine for June, 1788.

breezes 'l'orage,' which produces the oddest effect until EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. one is accustomed to it. The English reader may realize Hastings.

this by supposing that in some parts of England faint

breezes were always called thunderstorms by the inROYAL OFFERINGS AT THE FEAST OF THE habitants." EPIPHANY (7th S. v. 369; vi. 13).-In the year

St. SWITHIN. 1861 or 1862 I bad an opportunity of inspecting

In this county (Worcester) storm is invariably the Epipbaby offerings. After being offered they applied by the peasantry to rain, while thunder become the property of the Dean of the Chapel and lightning is always called a tempest. Royal. Dr. Tait then occupied that office, and it

W. M. M. was through him that I saw the offerings. There was a red pasteboard box, with a gilt star on the LOUVIMA, A NEW CHRISTJAN NAME (7th S. vi. lid. Inside were three small silk bags, one con- 6).-CUTHBERT Bede's note on this name reminds taining a few grains of incense, another a few me of similar Christian dames I have met with leaves of myrrh, and the other a small roll of while preparing the registers of St. Alphage, beaten gold such as is used by gilders. I have Canterbury,, for the press. In 1706 Louina never heard of any such change as your corre- Backer was baptized, where probably u=v. If so spondent St. SWITHIN mentions. It certainly the name is Lovina. In 1730 Lovevida Cooper would be an improvement if a gold coin were was christened, and in 1769 I find a Levina substituted for such a mere apology for gold as Cramp. Possibly the whole of these may be is that used. E. LEATON BLENKINSOPP.

variants of Lavinia. If not, the first and second

go far to prove that Sir Francis Knollys has “Paiz" ALFRED CROWQUILL" (7th S. vi. Darrowly escaped “appropriating." an invention of 26).-In works illustrated by Alfred Crowquill has the last century.

J. M. COWPER. 'Pickwick Abroad,' by G. W. M. Reynolds, pub- Canterbury. lished in 1839, now a rare book, beep included ?


“Pereant qui ante nos nostra dixerunt.” If CuthSt. Andrews, N.B.

BERT BEDE coined the name Mareli for one of his

fictitious heroines, a very similar name was coined "TAE LINCOLNSHIRE POACHER' (7th S. vi. 26). for a real person long before his facile and amusing -If St. SWITHIN will consult "The Annotated pen began to be exercised. A lady well known to


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visitors to Ventnor thirty or forty years ago, the Romulus, and considering the parallel name wife of the Rev. J. Noble Coleman, incumbent of Remus, given to Romulus's brother, or perhaps St. Catherine's Churcb, bore the name “Marella," other self, a confusion may have arisen, and the which was evidently formed in the same way by result have been the changes of Romnes into the combination of portions of two Christian pames. Ramnes, or rather Romnenses into Ramnenses. I can mention another example. When dining,

Julius STEGGALL. five-and-thirty years back, with that excellent 3, Queen Square, W.C. archæologist and accurate editor the late H, T. Riley, I met a young lady who, to my surprise,

KNIGHTED AFTER DEATH (7th S. v. 169, 235, answered to the name Marmary.” Asking my

392).- Was not Bishop Fisher made a cardinal host whether I heard the name aright, he told me

after his death ? E. LEATON BLENKINSOPP. that the young lady had been so called after her

Perhaps the following, which I take from the two godmothers, one of whom was named Martha, London Gazette of July 3, 1888, p. 3633, ought to and the other Mary, her own name combining the be added to Miss Busk's list :two.


The King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment).- Lieut. MAJOR-GENERAL Sir John Stuart (7th S. vi. Edgar. Piozi Wells (since deceased) to be captain vice

Brevet-Major A. Hunter D.S.O, seconded. Dated May 28).—The Annual Register for 1815 records the 23rd, 1888." death, on April 1, of

ONESIPHORUS. “Sir John Stuart, K.B., a Lieut.-Gen., and Lieut.-Gov. of Grenada. The title of Count of Maida was conferred

A GERMAN DICTIONARY OF PHRASE AND on him by the King of the two Sieilies on account of his FABLE (6th S. xi. 347, 455 ; 7th S. v. 255).-A gallantry in the battle of that name."

good book of the kind has just appeared, 'Die EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. Sprichwörtlichen Redensarten im Deutschen VolksReference Library, Hastings.

mund,' von Wilhelm Borchardt, Leipzig, BrockSir John Stuart died at Clifton on April 1, 1815,

haus, price 5 marks.


Hamburg, " where he had gone for the recovery of his health, which had been declining ever since his return HISTORIATED (7th S. v. 485).-—Is not rather too from Italy," and was buried in Bristol Cathedral. wide a meaning given to this word in your correSir John was a lieutenant-general in the army. spondent's note? There are several words used to The title of Count Maida was conferred upon him describe large ornamental initials, such as bloomby the sovereign of the Two Sicilies for gallant ing, flourished, floriated, pictorial, historiated, conduct in the field. See Gentleman's Magazine illuminated, scroll - work initials, &c. By hisfor April, 1815, p. 379.

G. F. R. B. toriated I have understood only initials containing

histories, whether from the book in which they are THE FIRST SERIAL NOVEL (7 S. v. 467).-I used or any other. The initials in the Bishops' have a very strong impression that I read the Bible representing Neptune, Apollo and Daphne, * Romance of the Forest' in the pages of the Jupiter and Leda, &c., might be called historiated, Ladies' Magazine when I was a boy.

and others in the book might be called floriated; E. LEATON BLENKINSOPP.

but most booksellers would simply call them allornaRAMNES (7th S. v. 449).—That this word should mental or woodcut, and only apply the term hisbe derived from Romulus seems rather far-fetched, toriated to painted initials in manuscripts contain

men and women. When the yet in some way a connexion between the two may ing small figures be pointed out, with no degree of certainty, of illuminations contain birds, insects, or grotesques, course, but as slightly possible.

they do not call them historiated. At least, such Varro ('De Lingua Latina') frequently asserts is my experience,

R. R. that Roma is derived from Romulus, and if this

Boston, Lincolnshire. derivation be accepted, the word Romanensis, Like MR. BUCKLEY I had noticed that hisfound as early as Cato's 'De Re Rastica,' and per- toriated does not appear in Annandale's edition of haps derived through Romanus, is indirectly de- Ogilvie, and about two years ago I sent Dr. Murrived from Romulus. From Romanensis might ray a quotation for the word from the Athenæum. come Ramnenses, whence, of course, Ramnes. No doubt historiated will duly appear in the 'New The above seems a long series of changes ; but, English Dictionary.'

JOHN RANDALL. taking into account the very long period between the foundation of Rome and the earliest written TITLE OF NOVEL (7th S. v. 488; vi. 15, 55). mention of the term Ramnes or Ramnenses, there –Tatton's inquiry is partly, but correctly, was room for much gradual variation in the word. answered by G. B. M. in giving the title of

A different connexion might be pointed out also. the novel as 'Outward Bound.' The author If Roma comes from Romulus, and Luceres from was Lieut. Edward Howard, who also wrote Lucumo, then Romnonses might be derived from 'Rattlin the Reefer,' both successful novels in their day. He was for some time sub-editor of its author calls an “Antiquarian Directory." It is a list the Metropolitan, under Capt. Marryat, who, of the various local archæological societies, and of such when the latter novel was first published, put his periodicals as are in whole or in part of an antiquarian

nature. We observe errors and omissions, but such things name on the title-page as editor. Howard died

are inseparable from a first attempt. whilst still a young man.

R. A. G. Edinburgh.

Philosophical Classics for English Readers.-Spinoza'

By John Caird, LL.D. (Blackwood & Sons), I read the novel for which Tarton inquires at a time when fiction of an order neither exalted por about the year 1831. Its name was, I am nearly lovely occupies so large a share of the attention of the

reading world, it is a hopeful sign that a work such as sure, Ardent Troughton, but it may bave had the one before us can be produced and find students who also Outward Bound' as a second title.

will undergo the labour of mastering it. We do not

HENRY H, GIBBS. mean to imply by this that Dr. Caird's Spinoza 'is & Aldenham House.

dull book-it is, indeed, absolutely the reverse ; but no

work dealing, as this does, with the deepest of philosoAUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (7th S. vi. phical problems can be light reading. What Spinoza's 69).

teachings really were has been a subject of hot conten

tion ever since the publication of The Ethios,' and the It was my duty to have loved the bighest, &c., is from Tennyson's "Guinevere,' about forty lines' from war still rages fiercely. Men see their own philosophy the end.


reflected in his pages, and are too often content to read

into them ideas which can never have been in the (Other contributors are thanked for replies to the author's mind. same effect.]

Though difficulties might be raised on almost every page, we are inclined to think that Dr. Caird has pre

sented a view of the great Dutch thinker as nearly corMiscellaneous.

rect as is now possible. Perhaps, however, he has not

allowed sufficient for the influence that mediæval Hebrew NOTES ON BOOKS, &o.

pbilosophy and the writings of Giordano Bruno had Records and Record Searching. A Guide to the Genealo- upon Spinoza

in the earlier stages of his career. Bruno's gist and the Topographer. By Walter Rye. (Stock.)

writings were to the men of his day exceedingly powerMR. RYE has been long known as a hard worker in ful intellectual stimulants. We think we can trace in the field of local history, He is something, how: Spinoza's methods that Bruno had greater influence over ever, more than this.

His exposure of the forged him than Dr. Caird allows. Of course, without wishing “Squire Papers' was a boon to the historian, and his in any way to depreciate the great Italian, it must be

Amy Robsart: a Brief for the Prosecution,' renders it admitted by all who have studied their works that almost certain that the good and innocent woman was Spinoza stands on a much higher level than Bruno. foully done to death. He has now conferred an addi. tional boon on students-favour not limited to one Cæsar in Kent : an Account of the Landing of Julius county or one class of inquiries. All our readers who Cæsar and his Batlles with the Ancient Britons. By have given time to working among records are aware that Rev. Francis T. Vine. Second Edition. (Stock.) it is more than half the battle to know where to search. The career of Julius Cæsar is of undying interest; every Time and money are constantly wasted by persons looking incident in his life that has come down to us has been for what they want among the wrong class of documents. discussed by historians. None of the classical writers The truth is often missed simply because there is no clue except Cicero and Virgil attracted so much attention at through the maze. Mr. Rye has felt this, no doubt, the revival of letters as did the Commentaries' of the keenly, and has prepared a handbook which, if carefully founder of the Roman Empire. They can never lose studied, will furnish an excellent guide not to the their interest for Englishmen, for in those pages is the beginner only, but to all, however experienced, whose first clear and distinct account of our own land. Cæsar, tastes lead them to examine minute historical and it is true, saw but little, and some things which he has genealogical facte. However assiduously we may have recorded are probably mistakes due to incorrect informaworked, none of us has an exhaustive knowledge of the tion. Yet we fondly dwell on the earliest picture of the various classes of evidence, in print and in manuscript, island which was to become England. which bear on historical subjects. Mr. Rye has, how- Mr. Vine is an enthusiastic student of this incident in ever, got together a mass of data which go very far our history. He seems to have read almost everything towards furnishing a sufficient guide to the whole of that bas been written concerning it. Dr. Maitland says course some parts of his work are more thorough than somewhere, when commenting on the works of Strype, others. He is far more at home with things secular than the ecclesiastical historian-we are quoting from memory with ecclesiastical concerns; but in every department -that he was a diligent student of manuscripts, but then there is much to be learned. The list of printed parish to him one manuscript was as good as another.' We fear registers which he gives, whether complete or not, will something very like this is the case with Mr. Vine. The be found very useful. We wish he had given a cata- Welsh traditions are quoted as if they could throw light logue of manor customals and extracts from manorial | on the career of the Roman conqueror. This is unforcourt rolls which have appeared in print. Of the latter tunate, for they are, as regards Cæsar, no more to be we remember two, Scotter and Bottesford, in the Ar trusted as true history than Ivanhoe'is for the times chæologia, and one, Hibbaldstowe, in the Journal of the of Richard I. Mr. Vine has given two useful maps, for Royal Archæological Institute. A complete list, too, of wbich we thank him. He has also disfigured his titlethe extracts from churchwardens' accounts and of the page with a copy of a battle-piece between Romans and books on the bells of the various counties would be of Britons of the year 1676. It is, of course, purely imagreat service. We trust when a new edition of Mr. ginary. The Roman standards are represented as flags Rye's book is called for, as we prophesy that it soon will with the double-headed eagle on them. Is it possible be, that he will give us these and various other addi-that Mr. Vine thinks this piece of mediæval heraldry tions. A very valuable part of the book consists of what was known to the contemporaries of the great Julius ?

THE Fortnightly opens with a long and spirited poem, length with ‘Preservation of Food.'- Woman's World by Mr. Swinburne, entitled “The Armada. Mr. Grant has a fine engraving of Gerard's portrait of Josephine, in Allen supplies a contribution on the vexed question of the Versailles Gallery. There are varied contributions •Genius and Talent.' Mr.J.E. C, Bodley sends an account by Miss Mathilde Blind, Miss F. Mabel Robinson, Miss of 'A Visit to President Brand.' General Viscount M. Sharman Crawford, and Miss Ella Hepworth Dixon. Wolseley, writing on Courage,' furnishes many interesting particulars concerning men still alive, and ventures,

A MOVEMENT has originated with the Elizabethan with a protest, to indicate the bravest of the brave. Mr. Literary Society to erect a monument to Christopher Procter's Capital and Culture in America,'arrests atten. Marlowe, who sleeps in an unmarked grave in Deptford tion. In the Nineteenth Century Dr. Jessopp asks, 'Who Churchyard. Those willing to assist may apply to the owns the Churches ?' His article is in part a defence of hon. sec., Mr. Jas. E. Baker, or the hon, treasurer, Mr. the work of the Society for the Protection of Ancient S. L. Leo, at Toynbee Hall, É. Buildings. Prof. Goldwin Smith concludes his · American Statesmen,' Dr. Burney Yeo weighs three separate

MR. WILSON GRAHAM has undertaken the compilation cures for Growing too Fat, and Malle. Blaze de Bury of the Chaucer glossary which was begun by the Chaucer depicts ' The Real Madame de Pompadour. Two papers of Chaucer as yet untouched should write to the Editor,

Society. Those ready to assist with extracts from works of much value are Workers' Songs and Tho Geo: Chaucer Society, 64, Mount Pleasant Road, Southampton, graphical Distribution of British Intellect.' The experi. ment indicated in the last is interesting, but not wholly The International Congress of Americanists will bold conclusive.-- Fragments of Book-Lore attracts in Mur. its seventh session in Berlin, October 5-12, under tbe ray's, in which Mr. Wakefield continues his '. Foun- honorary presidency of his Excellency the Minister of dation Stones of English Music.' An account is also State, Dr. Von Gossler, and the presidency of the Priry given of 'A Visit to the Paris Conservatoire.'-Lord Councillor, Dr. Reiss. The general secretary, Dr. Hell. Coleridge writes in Macmillan's on "John Campbell mann, invites adhesions at the offices of the secretariate, Shairp, Mr. Walter Pater's "Gaston de Latour 'is con- Berlin, S.W., Königgrätzer Strasse, 120, the subscription tinued, “Sir Francis Doyle's Poetry' is the subject of a (10 marks=10s.) including all the Congress publications, review, and Prof. Colvin writes on "Some Letters of The programmé embraces a varied list of subjects in the Keats.' -Mr. Foxall writes in Longman's on 'The Short-ethnography, prebistoric antiquities, and philology of comings of English Elementary Schools.' The most both the northern and southern portions of the American impressive and popular article is, however, that of Dr. continent. B. W. Richardson on The Storage of Life as a Sanitary Study.'-The English Illustrated has a reproduction of

Potices to Correspondents.
Gainsborough's picture · The Parish Clerk.' 'A Rugby
Ramble’ is very pleasingly illustrated. Mr. Traill is

We must call special attention to the following nolices : philosophically amusing in * Et Cetera.'-Mr. G. L. On all communications must be written the name and Apperson supplies to the Gentleman's 'Some Curiosities address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but of English Dictionaries.' The Rev. H. S. Fagan writes as a guarantee of good faith. on The Irish Exhibition,' and Mr. Garnet Smith on We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. • Gustave Flaubert.'-'Who wrote Dickens's Novels ?' is To secure insertion of communications correspondents the title of a skit in the Cornhill on the “great crypto- must observe the following rule. Let each note, query, gram. • The Peak of Teneriffe' and 'The Home of or reply be written on a separate slip of paper, with the Turkish Tobacco ' are readable.—The Second Armada,' signature of the writer and such address as he wishes to in Temple Bar, describes an imaginary battle between appear. Correspondents who repeat queries are requested an English fleet of the coming century and a supposed to head the second communication "Duplicate.” enemy. · Prof. Bonamy Price' is depicted by Mr. J. R. Mozley. Among the Bulgarians' has present interest. well-known work, as is also bis "Law Dictionary and

G. C. M.-Blount's Glossographia' is a thoroughly PART LVII. of Mr. Hamilton's Parodies contains Glossary of Obscure Words and Phrases. The first travesties of The Mummy'

of Horace Smith and works edition is dated 1656. Other editions followed in 1670, of Thackeray, Lytton, Mrs. Browning, &c.

1671, 1674, 1679, 1691, 1707, and 1719.

M.A.Oxon. (" Aye-mes").—These are surely the utterThe publications of Messrs. Cassell lead off with, The ances of sorrow or regret, such as “. Ay de mi” in Spanish Encyclopædic Dictionary, Part IV.,.. Parbuckle” to and, more familiarly, “ Áh, me !" in English. “Perclose.” An instance of the class of information supplied better than that given under “ Parish” cannot be wicke's Science Gossip.

W. H. L. (“ Plague of Earwigs").-Write to Harddesired. The entire history of the word and the thing is

ROTHERHITHE (“ Cortége")-We should have held, supplied.- Old and New London, Part XI., still hovers about the Royal Exchange and Cornbill, and has views with your informant, that the accent should be grave. of Lloyd's, Merchant Taylors',

Draper's Hall Gardens, It ie, however, acute in Littré and in the Dictionnaire &c.-Our Own Country, Part XLIII., opens with Lin- de 1'Académie Française,' 6ème édition. The subject coln, of which many views are given, and passes to the

is interesting. Great Glen of Scotland and the Caledonian Canal. A M. W, B. (“ Correct Quotation Wanted”).--You omit full-page representation of Oban is accompanied with the enclosure of wbich you speak, many pictures of Scottish castles, mountains, and CORRIGENDUM.-P. 72, col. 1, 1, 2 from bottom, for lakes. – King Henry VI., Part 1.,' opens in Cassell's “ Cavour” read Carver. Shakespeare, Part XXXI., and has a striking frontispiece

NOTICE of Joan of Arc. It has also some stirring pictures of Editorial Communications should be addressed to "The combats.-Naumann's History of Music, Part V., bas a Editor of Notes and Queries'"-Advertisements and finely executed facsimile of Tropus Tutilo Hodie Can Business Letters to “ The Publisher"-at the Office, 22, tandus,' from a tenth century MS. at Gall. The letter- Took's Court, Cursitor Street, Chancery Lane, E.C. press treats of the music of the Greeks, of which a We beg leave to state that we decline to return com. valuable account is supplied.- Part VIII. of the Dic-munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and tionary of Cookery, among other subjects, deals at some to this rule we can make no exception,




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