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sion. He was anxious that his students should improve in the Hebrew, and drew up a short Grammar and Vocabulary to aid them in their study of a language of such high importance to the right understanding of the Scriptures. He was among them as a father among his children: he loved them, and studied their good; and they loved him, and regarded his counsel. No time of the year was so pleasant either to the professor or the students as the two months of their attendance at the divinity hall.

On the last day of the session his advices were peculiarly solemn and impressive, as will appear from the following specimen, which has been kindly sent us by one of his pupils :—“Thinking this morning on your departure, two passages of Scripture came to my mind, and you would do well to take them into your serious consideration. · Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil ? One may be called to special service, may fill a public station in the church, may be a preacher, may go abroad into the world and address people on things of deep and everlasting importance, and yet be a devil; may be under the power of Satan, in a state of enmity against God, may be a traitor at heart, and act the part of an open traitor at last, may betray the Master he professed to serve, and come to shame and disgrace. Jesus knows all things; he searches the heart, and tries the reins of the children of men' : what state you are in, what are the reigning principles in your breasts, what are the motives you are influenced by, and what the ends you have in view; whether you are indeed what you profess, and what your outward appearance would indicate; all is known to him. To commend a Saviour one has no love for ; to preach a Gospel one does not believe; to point out the way to heaven, and never to have taken one step in that way; to enforce a saving acquaintance with religion, and to be an entire stranger to it one's-self, how sad, how preposterous! Tremble, O my soul, at the thought, still more at the thing! Better follow the meanest occupation, than enter into the holy ministry solely or chiefly to serve some secular, some selfish design. While I would be far from setting limits to the Divine sovereignty, I am afraid it but seldom happens that a person is converted after he has become a preacher. Was there a Judas, a devil among the twelve ?— what if there should be one for every twelve among you? Lord, is it I; is it I; is it I ?

“The other passage comes more closely home, and is still more alarming. “And five of them were wise, and five were foolish. Is it only onehalf of the number here present that are wise, that are truly serious, prudent, and thoughtful, wise unto salvation, that are savingly instructed in the mysteries of salvation, in the mysteries of the kingdom, in whom Christ is found, and in whose hearts he dwells by faith, who have felt his Gospel to be the power of God and the wisdom of God, who have taken him for their only Lord and King, and have given themselves unto him? Are there so many of an opposite character, foolish, mere nominal Christians, in the same state in which

you were born; who, whatever light you may have in your heads, have no saving grace in your hearts? And is the Bridegroom coming ? will he come quickly, come at an hour that ye think not? and shall they that are ready enter in and the door be shut, and you stand without and cry for admittance, but cry in vain? How dreadful the thought, how fearful the issue! I would be far, very far, from judging uncharitably of you ; but I know the deceitfulness of the human heart. Surely they who propose to undertake an office, the design of which is to win souls, had need to be convinced, deeply convinced, about their own souls.”

The most profound silence reigned while from these passages he addressed the students : all were dissolved in tears. The language, the tone, the general manner, every circumstance was calculated to make a deep impression.

This eminently faithful man, after labouring for twenty years with indefatigable zeal in training up the youth of the Associate Synod for the Christian ministry, died at Haddington, in 1787. With respect to his own ministry, it has been observed, that “though his learning was considerable, he never shewed it in the pulpit, except by bringing down the great truths of God to the level of common capacities.” He sometimes used to repeat to his acquaintances the saying of the great Usher, “it will take all our learning to make things plain.” It is the testimony of an English divine, who heard him for some time about the year 1770, that his grave appearance in the pulpit, and his solemn, weighty, and energetic manner of speaking, used to affect him very much. “ Certainly,” he adds, “ his preaching was close, and his address to the conscience pungent. Like his Lord and Master, he spake with authority and hallowed pathos, having tasted the sweetness and felt the power of what he delivered.”* In his own congregation, small as it was, a number claimed him for their spiritual father; and others acknowledged him to be the helper of their faith and joy. Nor was it only at home that he was instrumental in doing good to souls. In various parts of the country, where he had occasion to preach, there were seals of his ministry, who will be his joy and his crown in the day of Christ. We conclude our account of this truly great and good man, with the following extract from his “ Select Remains,” to which we are indebted for some of the above observations. “ Now, after near forty years preaching of Christ, and his great and sweet salvation, I think that I would rather beg my bread all the labouring days of the week, for an opportunity of publishing the Gospel on

* Dr. Waugh long afterwards used to mention the following anecdote of his venerable instructor, which had occurred within his own knowledge :- It happened that at some public solemnity, where “ an infidel blade” was one of the audience, Mr. Brown was preceded in ministerial duty by an ambitious young man, who delivered a very eloquent and florid address,—the old divine following in one equally remarkable for its simplicity and earnestness. “ The first preacher," said the sceptic to one of his friends,“ spoke as if he did not believe what he said : the latter, as if he was conscious that the Son of God stood at his elbow."

the Sabbath to an assembly of sinful men, than, without such a privilege, enjoy the richest possessions on earth. By the Gospel do men live, and in it is the life of my soul.” .

But to revert to the subject of this memoir: The conduct and character of Alexander Waugh, during the period of his studies at the University and divinity hall, are so well described in the following memoranda, with which we have been favoured by some of his most esteemed fellowstudents, that we cannot better convey a picture of the moral aspect of his mind at that time than in the words of the writers :

“ It was about 1773,” says one of his early friends, “ that our first acquaintance commenced, being my third year at the University, and his second. It was promoted by his great anxiety to acquire knowledge, by his open and unsuspicious character, and by that kindness of heart which was particularly conspicuous, and was his ornament through life. It cannot be supposed that we reasoned with sagacity on each other's characters; but it has been, and is, a pleasing reflection, that I then obtained, and I believe never lost, his affections. His amusements were always innocent, though lively; and if he at any time appeared to display inattention to the feelings of others, this proceeded solely from an exuberant flow of animal spirits, and never from insensibility to what others felt. One feeling I saw was strong in him: he was evidently actuated by an ardent desire to attain excellence; not a mere vulgar

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