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from the company generally by which the interruption was succeeded. Assuming the richest and most soothing of the Scottish tones, he exclaimed: •Be not angry, gentlemen; be not angry. Rather pity the lads than blame; for it was not the laugh of contempt, but the laugh of ignorance—and ignorance always claims your pity. Ken you not that the poor bairns have never been in Scotland ?'

“ At one of the half-yearly examinations at the Mill Hill school, the head master informed the examiners that he had been exceedingly tried by the misconduct and perverseness of a boy who had done something very wrong; and who, though he acknowledged the fact, could not be brought to acknowledge the magnitude of the offence. The examiners were requested to expostulate with the boy, and try if he could be brought to feel and deplore it. Dr. Waugh was solicited to undertake the task; and the boy was in consequence brought before him. “How long have you been at the school, my boy ? asked the Doctor.. · Four months, sir. “When did you hear from your father last? My father's dead, sir.' 'Aye! alas the day! I am very sorry to hear that. 'Tis a great loss, a great loss, that of a father. But God can make it up to you, by giving you a tender, affectionate mother. On this, the boy who had previously seemed as hard as a flint, began to soften. The Doctor proceeded: 'Well, laddie, where's your mother?'On her voyage home from India, sir.' • Aye! good news for you, my boy: do you love your mother ? 'Yes, sir.' * And do you expect to see her soon ? "Yes, sir.' Do you think she loves you?' 'Yes, sir, I'm sure of it.' Then think, my dear laddie, think of her feelings when she comes here, and finds that, instead of your being in favour with every one, you are in such deep disgrace as to run the risk of expulsion; and yet are too hardened to acknowledge that you have done wrong. Winna ye break your poor mother's heart, think ye? Just think o' that, my lad! The poor culprit burst into a flood of tears, acknowledged his fault, and promised amendment.”

But we must draw to a close this division of the memoir, and cannot do so in more appropriate language than by adopting the words of one of his friends and associates in these labours of love and mercy.

“Where, in this vast metropolis, shall we find an individual who combined so much that was energetic in action with so much that was kind and conciliatory in disposition and social intercourse? Where shall we find one institution, formed either to relieve the mere distresses of the body, or to alleviate the more painful maladies of the mind, that did not benefit, and that materially, by his public advocacy, or by the weight of his private character and influence? He was the habitual friend and unwearied supporter of hospitals, schools, penitentiaries, and of every other humane undertaking which went to diminish the amount of national misery and crime, and to augment the sum of national virtue and happi

ness.”

CHAPTER IV.

HIS FRIENDSHIPS.

Extracts from his correspondence, with remarks, viz. Letters

to a youth at college — to a young friend in India – to another, an emigrant to South Africa — to a friend ordained to the ministry. Readiness to assist country ministers. Visitation of the distressed and dying — anecdote. Letters of consolation: — to a mother bereaved of her child — to a father on the death of an only son—to a widowed mournerto the widow of a deceased friend - to a friend on the death of a parent — to a friend distressed-to a friend dying. Address at the funeral of Rev. Mr. Townsend. To a friend under misapprehension of his conduct. A good-humoured hint. Ordinary correspondence. Reminiscences of early days. Miscellaneous extracts. Descriptions of natural scenery. Advice to a young lady. Friendships with the high and the humble: old John Ker. His general character as a friend and companion—urbanity-talent for anecdotepleasantry—aversion from evil speaking—modesty-lettercheerfulness. Kindness to his predecessor's widow.

Much of a man's heart may be traced in his friendships; and it is a delightful proof of the wisdom and goodness of the Almighty, that while in friendship we enjoy a pure and sweet satisfaction, it presents us with a sphere for the most beneficial services. Religion is supposed, by those who know it not, to damp the ardour and to limit the enjoyments of friendship; but, in reality, its spirit of loye prompts to every kind office, and to or chiming in with the popular follies of the day, I know no church in which a good man might be more agreeably as well as beneficially engaged than in the Secession. The character of her ministers for learning and knowledge of Divine things, the general good behaviour of professors, the scriptural foundation of her doctrines and ecclesiastical polity, with her disinterested and generous appearance in behalf of a good cause against an enslaved body in the establishment, are very pleasant things indeed. But your own mind must pronounce the way in which you are to walk. Let your eyes be towards God for counsel and direction; and make the views of the Bible, and not the maxims of a degenerate world, your standard of judging."

Nothing can be more judicious than such counsels, or more necessary; for the pride of science is unwilling to bow to the Cross; and knowledge, especially in the young, puffeth up. If this letter evinces a strong partiality to the religious society with which he was connected, it must be remembered that the expression of this was necessary at that period, when dissent was likely to expose a young man to petulant ridicule. It is a proof how firmly Dr. Waugh was attached to the church to which he belonged, that he cherished and avowed such sentiments in a place where, at that time, he stood almost alone, and when he was far removed from the scenes where his fathers and brethren were striving together for the faith of the Gospel. The object of the letter was not to foster blind bigotry, but to lead his correspondent to “ prove all things, and to hold fast that which is

good.

Those of his young friends who went abroad, his heart followed with the most affectionate solicitude: he eagerly embraced every opportunity of writing to them; and his letters were not the gloomy suggestions of a monk — but cheerful, sagacious, and affectionate. To a youth in a strange land, where, amidst the cold civilities of general society, or the depressing influence of loneliness and solitude, the heart sighs for the voice of affection, counsels thus kind must have been peculiarly solacing: while the conviction of his wisdom and piety caused them to be received with the highest respect; and the idea that they came from his heart would open the whole soul to welcome their influence. Authority may awe, but love wins the heart.

We give the following specimens from letters written to a young man who had been brought up under his pastoral care, and who had gone to India in a medical capacity. The reader cannot but be struck with the suitableness of their counsels.

At sea, June 12, 1819. “ MY DEAR WILLIAM, “ Your account of your views and feelings in your last letter gave me much satisfaction, as it evinced a mind which change of scene and of society had not corrupted. I have always considered it as an indication of something good, when a young man, separated from his family, loves to look back on the days of youth, and innocence, and nature. Dr. Leyden’s ‘Scenes of Infancy,' on this account, have created a deep interest in the hearts of the good ; as · The Seasons,' by Thomson, had done before.

“ In your intercourse with the natives of Hindostan, you will see the baneful effects on a simple and tractable

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