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we should this day have been but a horde of ferocious savages.

“ In the last place, he took a view of the heathen world. He told us the heathen were still by far the majority of the race of man, — without Bibles, without useful arts and sciences, and almost without laws, human or divine; but this their extreme wretchedness we might in some measure relieve, and he called on us to do so according to our ability, by giving a little of our substance to support the cause of Christian missions, and by remembering them often in our prayers, so that the heathen may hear the name of the Lord, and all the kings of the earth bebold his glory.”

This report of one of his sermons, by a plain, unlettered pen, exhibits to the reader very clearly the means by which Dr. Waugh, in the advocacy of his great cause, reached so readily the hearts of his auditors, and caused even the most frugal of his careful countrymen to pour forth freely their offerings into the lap of Christian philanthropy. He carried with him to London contributions to the amount of 14201., collected almost exclusively in the churches of the Secession, and from the hands of the middle class and rustic population.*

* The following list of places where sermons were preached and contributions collected on this journey, may serve to illustrate the extent and success of these missionary ministrations :June 4, Dunbar.

June 7, Musselburgh. 5, Haddington.

8, Pennycuik.

In the years 1816, 1817, and 1818, Dr. Waugh made short tours for the cause of missions through different parts of England.

We insert the following graphic description, in a letter, dated Chester, August 24, 1816:

I slept at Oxford on Monday night, at Birmingham on Tuesday, and at Oswestry on Wednesday. We reached Llanfyllin, in Montgomeryshire, on Thursday at two o'clock. I preached a

June 9, Queensferry. | July 18, Alloa.
11, Edinburgh (three con 19, Dunblane.

24, Hawick.
13, Bathgate.

24, Selkirk. 14, Whitburn.

25, Galashiels. 15, East Calder.

26, Stow. 18, Glasgow (three con

27, Lauder. gregations).

30, Newtown. 18, Paisley.

30, Jedburgh. 22, Dunfermline.

31, Oxenham. 27, Inverkeithing. Aug. 2, Eckford. 28, Kinross.

6, Coldingham. 29, Newburgh.

6, Ayton. July 2, Aberdeen (two congre 8, North Berwick. gations).

9, East Linton. 6, Lochgelly.

10, Stockbridge. 6, Kirkaldy.

13, Coldstream. 7, Kennoway.

13, Dunse. 7, Dysart.

14, Kelso. 9, Dalkeith.

20, Stitchell. 12, Limekilos.

24, Wooler (two congre13, Borrowstownness.

gations). 14, Denny.

27, Tweedmouth. 16, Falkirk.

27, Horndean. 16, Stirling.

27, Berwick. 17, Kincardine (two con 30, Alnwick.

gregations), Sept. 3, Berwick (twice).

word in the afternoon in a field to a Welsh congregation, who most of them understood English. It was Stitchell Brae on a smaller scale. We met in the evening, and formed an Auxiliary Missionary Society for North Wales. We had a sermon in Welsh from Mr. Jones, to between twelve and eighteen hundred people. The singing was the most heart-touching I ever heard-wild and plaintive as · The Martyrs,' rising and falling like the hills around us, and pure from the heart, I believe, as the air which they breathe. Though I did not understand a single word of Mr. Jones's sermon, there was so much animation and feeling in his countenance and the tones of his voice, and such sympathetic concordance in the varied aspect of the congregation, that I could know when he was at the Cross, and when before the Lamb in the midst of the throne. Over the joys and griefs of the people he seemed to exercise entire sovereignty. Two or three times I apprehended that some of them, in the ecstasy of their hearts, would open aloud, as their manner sometimes has been, with the Hallelujah. We Saxons have really little more life than oysters, when compared with the holy vivacity and tender feeling of the Welsh. About 150 dined together after the two morning sermons — a most substantial dinner, and a ewemilk cheese as large almost as the upper millstone of Gordon mill, and all for eighteen-pence a-head. Bread and cheese were advertised by Dr. Lewes, professor of divinity, from the pulpit, for those who could not afford to pay any thing. The dinner served up in a large room, the oaken


pillars and joists of which seemed to have been cut down in Owen Glendower's days—the hero who could call spirits from the vasty deep. As to the scenery from Oswestry to Llanfyllin, in the vale of Llangadwyn and in Llangallan, of which I saw the entrance this morning, I dare not put down my feelings. You would think them wild and extravagant. A Welsh bard, and in his own bold and original language, before effeminacy of manners had enervated sounds — the vehicles of mighty conceptions, alone could paint the scene.”

In the summer of 1819 he made a second tour in Scotland, by appointment of the Missionary Society. In a letter to one of his daughters, Feb. 20, of this year, he says —" The Directors of the Missionary Society are some of them threatening to send your old father to the North this summer, to beg for our funds. We have given a cordial reception to the Edinburgh Society's deputation, and we hope our Scottish friends will perfect the union, by allowing us to gather the fragments north of the Tweed, after they themselves have • eaten the fat and drunk the sweet' in their own churches at home."

His labours, on this occasion, were not extended over such a wide field as on his former journey, but the collections in every place which he visited were liberal; and his heart was also greatly cheered by revisiting his native country and the scenes of his youth, for which, even at this advanced period of his life, he still cherished a most ardent attachment.

The following short note is addressed to a

relative in Scotland, whom he proposed to visit at the commencement of his labours :

London, June 2, 1819. “ I purpose to leave London for Berwick, by sea, on Wednesday or Thursday next week, and will try to reach Kinross on the 17th,—your fast day, I suppose. As this, however, is doubtful, you will deem it proper to arrange, with the leave of the eldership, inatters so that I may be allowed to plead the cause of my poor clients on the Sabbath night, or on the Monday. I should like to loiter among the bleatings of your fold for some time, but am engaged at Dunfermline on the 24th, to receive their blessing. My health has suffered considerably from extreme fatigue of late, and I long for a little rest at sea.

“Good Dr. Jerment died triumphantly on Wednesday last. I am just going to speak over his grave. May we, too, close our career honourably and well !”

"I go off in a

ttie, to Lesslie. wake. Myl


Kinross, June 22, 1819. “ I go off in a quarter of an hour, in company with Messrs. Hay and Beattie, to Lesslie. We visit the tomb of Michael Bruce, at Portmoak, over the lake. My lameness grows better. 221. 10s. on Sabbath night. All send their love. I am overwhelmed with letter writing. New invitations to every part; but I am at Coldstream on the 25th, and cannot, except to Dunbar, go back again beyond Lammermuir. Love to all.”

This journey, which proved to be his last to the land of his fathers, appears to have been enjoyed by him with extraordinary satisfaction. On arriving at Berwick he spent some little time in quiet domestic relaxation, to recruit his wearied frame, under the roof of his son John, who was

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