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mentions, that his supplications and intercessions at the funeral services of Mr. Hardcastle and of Dr. Bogue, and on some other public occasions, were so particularly appropriate and solemnly impressive, that they can scarcely be forgotten by any who heard them.
He was also “ mighty in the Scriptures,” and greatly excelled as a preacher of the word. By a long course of study and reflection, he was not only thoroughly acquainted with Divine truths in their various bearings and relations, but had made himself master of the poetry and history of the sacred writings, and knew how to render all these different resources available for the great purposes of instruction, impression, warning, and consolation. Agreeably to the practice of Scotland, he regularly expounded, during the morning service, a portion of Scripture; a mode of instruction which, when skilfully conducted, will furnish a minister with great facilities for leading his people into a clear and just view of the sentiments of the sacred writers, for arresting their attention by a variety of interesting topics, and for deducing important reflections, exhortations, or admonitions, peculiarly calculated to implant or cherish a life of piety in the soul. On the first Sabbath of his ministry in Wells Street, he commenced his labours by expounding a part of the Gospel of St. Luke, and lectured successively through all the books of the New Testament. In 1805 he somewhat varied his usual method, by lecturing each alternate Sabbath on the book of Psalms and on the Old Testament history, commencing with
that of Abraham, in which he continued till the year of his death. He closed his lectures on the Old Testament history in May 1827, with Ezra, x. 1-14; and on the Psalms, on the 24th of June the same year, with Psalm cxviii. 22, 23. In this department of public instruction he greatly excelled. With a mind richly furnished from the stores of general knowledge, he had deeply studied human nature in every variety of character; and in illustrating the great and leading doctrines of the Gospel, he knew how to approach it in all the different aspects which it assumed: while he was ever most faithful to the eternal interests of men, he had a winning method by which he conciliated their prejudices, and thereby secured an avenue to the conscience and the heart. His exposition of the book of Psalms shewed how deeply he entered into the spirit of these remarkable compositions, so wonderfully suited to every diversified condition and circumstance of the pious mind; and how carefully he had laboured to trace their connexion with the history of God's ancient church, or with the rising glories of Messiah's kingdom of righteousness and peace.
But his excellence as a lecturer shone forth with greatest lustre in Scripture history, and in the delineation of Scripture characters. Few men could exhibit with such striking effect the beautiful family pictures furnished us by the sacred writers, or render them so subservient to the high purposes of promoting domestic devotion, and of strengthening holy affection and confidence. He knew how to select, to combine, and to apply. His sketches were of the living, rather than of the dead : without any of the unfair means of romance, he brought back to view, with singular felicity, the men of former ages, and presented them to the notice of his hearers in the full array of human passions and of human conflict, each performing his part on the great theatre of life, and each opposing or subserving the great ends of the Divine government. He could mark the most minute bearings of a character, exhibit as important what an ordinary mind would have totally overlooked, and deduce those moral and Christian lessons which a less fertile imagination and a colder heart would have failed to recognise. There was a fine infusion of poetry and simple rural feeling in all his delineations. The scenery and the history of his native country had wrought themselves deeply into the very texture of his conceptions; and he knew not how to speak on any animating topic, human or divine, without einploying that beautiful and impressive imagery by which his mind was refined and elevated. Those who had the privilege of listening to his lectures on the history and character of Abraham, of David, of Paul, of John, and, above all, of Him “ who was fairer than the sons of men,” will be able, in some measure, to appreciate the justice of these remarks; though nothing that can be said will fully recall the rich peculiarities of a mind in which the best sympathies of human nature occupied such a distinguished place, and exerted such a salutary influence.
a taste for the classic writers, and much as he had cultivated almost every subject connected with sacred literature, never was a ministry more devoid of every thing like learned parade; and never was there one which more simply and uniformly presented the doctrine of Christ and him crucified to the view of men sinking and withering under the curse of sin. His sermons, in general, were distinguished by the strength and justness of their theological bearings; with him the trumpet was never permitted to give an uncertain sound. The love of God, the atonement of Christ, and the gracious and regenerating influences of the Divine Spirit, producing holiness of heart and life, were his darling themes, and imparted a distinct and unequivocal character to all his discourses. When he spoke of the love of God in Christ Jesus, it seemed as if a live coal from off the altar had touched his lips. In the pulpit, and particularly at the sacramental table, his whole soul was animated at the thought of Christ dying for the ungodly. Could a collection of his most striking sayings on this subject be made, it would prove at once the originality of his conceptions, and the glowing warmth of his piety. The system of theology which he had adopted led him to proclaim with equal fearlessness the doctrine of free grace to the chief of sinners through Jesus Christ, and the universal and eternal obligation of moral precepts on the whole family of man. He firmly believed that all evil was necessarily of the creature, and all good of the infinite Creator; he considered men as strictly responsible for all their
actions; and viewed the call of the Gospel as addressed, without exception, to every human being. Nothing was held by him in such deep abhorrence as that mode of preaching which tends to weaken and relax the sacred obligation of the Divine law on the heart and life. Many years ago, a very popular clergyman had preached a sermon at the annual meeting of the London Missionary Society, on the influences of the Spirit,-a sermon which certainly excited a considerable sensation through the church in which it was delivered. Dr. Waugh, whose general disposition was to praise, was silent. At length he said: “ I am always afraid when I hear any minister speak on the influences of the - Spirit without appealing to the Word of God: it
is a dangerous practice. I know not where a man will land who goes to sea without chart or compass. Never let us separate what God has united, and let all the evidences of the Holy Spirit's influence be decided by the Word of God.” Facts, years afterwards, justified these observations. That clergyman gradually went off into all the peculiarities of a school bordering on Antinomianism, and has left in his later writings a nidus which will spread the moral pestilence among his admirers and readers. On another occasion, a minister of real piety, though he entertained imperfect and unscriptural views of moral obligation, happened to be dining in company with Dr. Waugh at Mr. Hardcastle's table. This gentleman spoke of the beauty of St. Paul's epistle to the Ephesians, and of the enjoyment which he at that time experienced in the delivery