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Detrabere et pellem, nitidus qua quifque per ora.
Cederet, introrsum turpis; num Laelius, et qui
Duxit ab oppreffa meritum Carthagine nomen,
VER. 97. W berber the darker'd room-Or wbitex'd walk) This is only a wanton joke upon the terms of his Original
Quisquis erit vitae color. Ver. 104. Will club their Tefters, &c.] The image is exceeding humourous, and, at the same time, betrays the injustice of their resentment in the very circumftance of their indulging it; as it shews the Poet had said no more of their avarice, tban what was true. Our Author's abundance of Wit has made his readers backward in acknowledging his talent for Humour. But the veins are equally rich; and the one flows with ease, and the other is always placed with propriety.
Ver. 105.-120. What? arm'd for Virtue, etc.] This is aot only superior to Horace, but equal to any thing in himself.
VER. 110. Lights of the Cburcb, or Guardians of the Laws ? Because juft Satire is an useful supplement to the sanctions of Law and Religion ; and has, therefore, a claim to the protection of those who preside in the adminiftration either of church or date.
Whether the darkend room to muse invite,
F. Alas young man! your days can ne'er be long,
life! P. - What? arm'd for Virtue when I point the pen, Brand the bold front of shameless guilty men; 106 Dash the proud Gamester in his gilded Car; Bare the mean Heart that lurks beneath a Star; Can there be wanting, to defend Her cause, Lights of the Church, or Guardians of the Laws? Could pension'd Boileau lath in honest strain Flatt'rers and Bigots ev'n in Louis' reign? Could Laureate Dryden Pimp and Fry'r engage, Yet neither Charles nor James be in a rage? And I nat' ftrip the gilding off a Knave, 115 Unplac'd, unpension’d, no man's heir, or slave?
VER. III. Could peafion'd Baileau-mCould Laureate Dryden] It was Horace's purpose to compliment the former times, and therefore he gives the virtuous examples of Scipio and Lælius; it was. Ms. Pope's, to satirize the present, and therefore he gives the vicious examples of Louis, Charles, and James. Either way the instances are equally pertinent; but in the latter they have rather greater force. Only the line,
Uni æquus virtuti atque ejus amicis, loses something of its spirit in the imitation; for the amici, rea ferred to, were Scipio and Lælius.
Ingenió ofenfi ? aut laeso dolaere Metello,
Quidquid sut ego, quamvis
VER. 129. And Hi, whose lightning, etc.] Charles Mordaunt Earl of Peterborow, who in the year 1705 took Barcelona, and in the winter following with only 280 horse and goo foot enterprized and accomplished the Conquest of Valentia.
VER. 133. Envy must own, etc.) Horace makes the point of honour to confift fimply in his living familarly with the Great,
I will, or perish in the gen'rous cause:
Envy must own, I live among the Great,
Cum magnis vixiffe invita fatebitur usque
Invidia.. Our poet, more nobly, in his living with them on the footing of an honest man. He prided himself in this fuperiority, 18 appears from the following words, in a letter to Dr. Swift, is To " have pleased great men, according to Horace, is a praise; but “ not to have hattered them, and yet not have displeased s them, is a greater," Let, vit, Jan. 12, 1723.
* nisi quid tu, docte Trebati, Diffentis.
T. 'Equidem nihil hinc diffingere poffum. Sed tamen ut nonitus caveas, ne forte negoti Incutiat tibi quid fanctarum inscitia legum :
“. Și mala condiderit in quem quis carmina, jus eft Judiciumque."
H. Efto, fiquis "mala. fed bona fi quis Judice condiderit laudatus CAESARE ? fi quis Opprobriis dignum laceraverit, integer ipse? T. Solventur risu tabulæ : tu missus abibis.
VER, 146. A man was bang'd, &c] Si mala condiderit-A great French Lawyer explains this matter very truly. “ L'Ariof stocratie est le Gouvernement qui proscrit les plus les Ouvrages “ satiriques. Les Magistrats y font de petits souverains, qui ne « sont pas assez grands pour mepriser les injures. Si dans la “ Monarchie quelque trait va contre le Monarque, il est fi haut " que le trait n'arrive point jusqu'à lui; une Seigneur Aristocra• stique en est percé de part en part. Aussi les Decemvirs, qui “ formoient une Aristocratie, punirent-ils de mort les Ecrits " Satiriques.” De L'Esprit des Loix, L. xii. c. 13.
VER. 150. Libels and Satires ! lawless things indeed! But grave Epifles, etc.). The legal objection is here more juftly and decently taken off than in the Original. Horace evades the force of it with a quibble,
Efto, fiquis mala; sed 'bona fi quis. But the Imitator's grave Epißles fhew the satire to be a serious reproof, and therefore juftifiable; which the integer ipse of the Original does not : for however this might plead in mitigation of the offence, nothing but their being grave Epifles could juftify the attack.
VER, 152, F, Indeed ?] Hor.