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her less just at the edges, say nine or ten inches: is, that we could not go to the ridge, to see what however, call the mean depth fifteen inches. Be was beyond it.' I suspect there must be a delieving this to be (as I have every reason to scent, but over long and impassable wastes of suppose it is) the first appearance of the famous snow, and not in such a direction as would lead and true Ganges in daylight, we saluted her with direct to any plains, as the course to bring one to a bugle-march, and proceeded (having to turn a such plains would be to the north-east or north; little back to gain an oblique path) to the top of whereas the line of the river's course, or rather of the snow-bed, having ascended it to the left.' the ridge in front, was to the south-east, parallel

Captain Hodges afterwards gives the follow- to the run of the Himalaya, which is generally ing account of this bed or valley of snow, which from south-east to north-west. Immediately in gives rises to the Ganges. It appears that we front of the ridge no peaks were seen, but on its passed up it, somewhat more than a mile and a south-east flank, and at the distance of about half.-From our last station we could see on- eighteen miles, a large snowy peak appeared : so wards, as we estimated, about five miles, to that I think there can be no plain within a conwhere there seemed to be a crest or ridge of con- siderable distance of the south-east side of the siderable elevation, though low when compared ridge: if there be streams from its other side, with the great peak which flanked it. The ge- they must flow to the south-east. After all, I do neral slope of the surface of the snow valley was not know how we should have existed, if we had 7°, which was the angle of elevation of the crest, been able to go to the ridge, for we could not while that of the peak St. George, one of those have arrived there before night, and to pass the which flanked it to the left, was 17° 49'. In the night on these extensive snows, without firewood space we had passed over the snow bed, the or shelter, would have cost some of us our lives; Ganges was not to be seen; it was concealed, but of that we did not then consider much. We probably, many hundred feet below the surface. had only a few trusty men with us, and a short We had a fair view onward, and there was no allowance of grain for them, for this and the folsign of the river ; but I am firmly convinced that lowing day, and had sent orders to the people its first appearance in day is at the débouché I left at Gangotri, to make their way back towards have described. Perhaps, indeed, some of those Reital, leaving us what grain could be spared, various chasms and rents in the snow-bed, which and to forward on what they might meet, as I intersect it in all sorts of irregular directions, expected some from Reital, whence we were may occasionally let in the light on some part supplied during our absence from it, of altogeof the bed of the stream ; but the general linether twenty-eight days. I cannot suppose, that and direction of it could only be guessed at, as it by this way there can be any practicable or useis altogether here far below the broken snowy ful pass to the Tartarian districts, or doubtless surface. The breadth of the snow valley or bed is the people would have found it out, and used it, about a mile and a half, and its length may be six as they do that up the course of the Jahnaví.' and a half or seven miles from the débouché of The Ganges from the Gangoutri descends for a the river to the summit of the slope, which ter- considerable way among the mountains. This is minated our view; as to the depth of the snow, the B'hagirathá, or most sacred branch of it, but it is impossible to form a correct judginent, but the Dauli, being longer, should be considered, it must be very great. It may easily be ima- it is said by some writers, the principal source. gined, that a large supply of water is furnished From Hurdwar to Allahabad, where it receives at this season, by the melting of this vast mass the Jumna, its width is about a mile or a mile and in the valley, as well as by the melting of that of a quarter. After this junction its course is more the great peaks which bound it. From their winding, and its bed wider, until it is successively bases torrents rush, which, cutting their way un- swelled by the Goggra, the Soane, the Gunduck der snow, tend to the centre of the valley, and and several minor streams. The channel is now form the young Ganges, which is further aug- at the widest, which is sometimes three miles, mented by the waters which filter through the but it is often divided by islands. Before the inrents of the snow-bed itself. In this manner, all Aux of the Jumna some places are fordable ; but the Himalaya rivers, whose heads I have visited, for 500 miles above the sea, the depth, when and passed over, are formed; they all issue in a least, is as we have said about thirty feet. Previfull stream from under thick beds of snow, and ously to its junction with the ocean its breadth differ from the Ganges, inasmuch as their streams suddenly expands, and the current becomes so are less, and so are their parent snows. On our weak that it has not power to disperse the banks return down the snow valley, we passed nearer of mud and sand accumulated by the strong to its north side than in going up, and saw south wind, which render the principal streams a vėry considerable torrent cutting under it from too shallow to admit large vessels. The descent the peak; this was making its way to the centre. of the bed is nearly nine inches per mile, but the At times, we saw it through rents in the snow, windings of the river often reduce it to four. and at others, only heard its noise. As there About 200 miles in a direct line from the sea, must be several more such feeders, they will be or 300 by the course of the stream, the Delta ully sufficient to form such a stream as we ob- commences. That part of the Delta bordering served the Ganges to be at the débouché, in the on the sea consists of a labyrinth of creeks and space of six or seven miles. I am fully satisfied rivers, spreading over a space of coast for nearly hat, if we could have gone further, we should 200 miles, called the Sunderbunds, which are not have again seen the river, and that its ap- principally covered with marshes and jungles. Dearance at Mahádéva's Hair was the real and The Ganges is subject to periodical and importirst débouché of the B’hagirathá. All I regret ant inundations, both from the melting of the

snows on the southern declivities of the Himalaya great mountain Himavata ; her sister Ooma as chain, and from the heavy rains of the Monsoons. the spouse of Mehadeva, the destroying power. The whole height of this increase is reckoned at She is called Ganga on account of her flowing thirty-two feet. The rain begins to descend on through gang, the earth; she is called Jannari the mountains in April, and by the latter end of from a choleric Hindoo saint, whose devotions June the river has risen about six feet. The she interrupted on her passage to the sea, and, rainy season in the low country then sets in, and in a fit of displeasure, he drank her entirely up; the rise becomes more rapid, increasing from two but was afterwards induced, by the humble supor three inches a day, to five or six. By the lat- plications of the Devas (demi-gods), to discharge ter end of July, all the lower parts of Bengal, her by his ears. She is called Bhaghirathi from near the mouths of the Ganges and the Burram- the royal devotee Bhagaratha, who, by the intenpooter, are overflowed. One complete sea enve- sity and austerity of his devotions, brought ber lopes every thing for 100 miles in width, the from heaven to the earth, from whence she provillages and trees appearing here and there above ceeded to the infernal regions, to reanimate the the water.

ashes of some of his ancestors. She is called The velocity of this stream, when the water is Triputhaga, on account of her proceeding forat the lowest, is about three miles an hour, but ward in three different directions, watering the this is increased at other seasons; and the quan- three worlds--heaven, earth, and the infernal tity of water discharged in a second, when least, regions. According to the Brahminical myttohas been computed at 80,000 cubic feet. When logy, the sea, although dug before the descent of the river is full

, the quantity is double, and the the Ganges from heaven, is, by the Hindoos, velocity being increased in the proportion of supposed to have been empty of water.' three to five, the discharge is about 405,000 cubic GANGHON, T. . Fr. A kind of flower. feet per second. The medium discharge of the GA'NGLION, n. s. Gr. yayydiov. A tumor whole year has been stated at 180,000 cubic in the tendinous and nervous parts. feet. When the floods begin to subside, the Bonesetters usually represent every bone dislocated, waters are so charged with earth, that the quan- though possibly it be bat a ganglion, or other crede tity deposited is inconceivable. One instance is tumour or preternatural protuberance of some part of recorded, in which a branch was filled up in a a joint.

Wisent week nearly to a level with the adjacent coun Ganglion, in surgery, is a hard tubercle, getry, though it must have required a quantity of nerally moveable, in the external or internal materials equal to 900,000,000 solid feet. It part of the carpus, upon the tendons or Lizaalso frequently encroaches upon one of its banks, ments in that part; usually without any pam to and deposits the soil either in islands or on the the patient. opposite bank: it is stated that between Colgong GANGOUTRI, a noted place of Hindoo piland Sooty alone, more than 25,000 acres, or grimage, situated among the Himalaya Moudforty square miles, have been in this manner re- tains, in the northern province of Serinagur. moved. Between the mountains and the sea, Here the Ganges, running from the north by east, the Ganges is swelled by eleven large rivers is only fifteen or twenty yards broad, the current equal to the Thames, and some of them as large is moderate, and it is not in general more than as the Rhine. The whole of its course is three feet deep. Two miles higher up is the estimated at 1560 miles.

place commonly called the Cow's Mouth, or a * Although,' says Mr. Hamilton, the water of large stone in the middle of the river, which the the whole river from Gangoutri to Sagor is holy, water passes on each side, leaving only a small yet there are places more eminently sacred than piece above the surface, which the Hindoo fancia the rest, and to these pilgrims from a distance to bear the resemblance of the sacred anima. resort to perform their ablutions, and to take up On the bank nearly opposite is a temple, in which the water that is used in their ceremonies. The are two images representing the Ganges and the chief of these are the five Prayags, or holy junc- Bhaghirathi rivers. The Brahmins here divide tions of rivers, of which Allahabad is the princi- the bed of the river into three portions, for the pal, and by way of distinction named simply use of the pilgrims. One of these portions is Prayag. The others are situated in the province dedicated to Brahma, anotner to Vishnu, and of Serinagur, at the confluence of the Alacananda, the third to Seva. The performance of the pic with different small rivers, and are named Deva- grimage hither is supposed both to redeem the pagraya, Rudraprayaga, Carnaprayaga, and Nan- soul from troubles in this world, and to insure a daprayaga. The other sacred places are Hurdwar, happy transit through all the stages of transtiwhere the river first escapes from the mountains; gration which it may undergo. The water Uttara Janagiri, a short distance below Monghir taken hence is drawn under the inspection of a and Sagor Island, at the mouth of the Calcutta Brahmin, to whom a trifling sum is paid for the River, named by Europeans the Hoogly. Be- privilege, and it is afterwards offered up by, a sides its sanctity, the Ganges is much esteemed on the part of the pilgrim, at the temple of for its medicinal properties, and is on this account Baidyanath, a celebrated place of Hindoo wordrunk by many Mahommedans. In 1792 Abd ship in Bengal. The water of this river is said ul Hakeem, the reigning nabob of Shanoor, near to be here so pure, as neither to evaporate, por the west coast of India, although at the distance to become corrupted by being kept. The moanof more than 1000 miles from this river, never tains in the vicinity have a barren appearance, drank any other water.

the only tree produced being the Bhurjapatra. . In the Hindoo Mythology Ganga (the Gan GANGPOOR, a small independent town and ges) is described as the eldest daughter of the district of the province of Gundwana, situated in

1

grene ; Lat.

state.

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Bacon.

about the 22° of north latitude, and bounded on upon the great river Yang-Tse-Kiang. A great
the north by the British district of Chuta Nag- part of the space enclosed by the walls consists
poor, in Bahar. It was annexed to the Soubah of gardens, but the eastern quarter is composed
of Allahabad, during the reign of Aurengzebe, chiefly of dwelling houses, and the western of
but never in reality incorporated with his em- shops, which are well furnished, particularly with
pire. It is barren and mountainous. The chief porcelain, drapers and mercers' goods, horn-
river is the Soank, and the principal towns Gang- lanterns, caps, and trinkets. A considerable
poor and Padah.

number of shops also are in the suburbs. Long.
GANGRENE, n. s., v. a. & v. n. Fr. gan- 117° 20' E., lat. 31° 30'N.
Gan'Grenous, adj.

GANNAT, a town in the department of the
GAN'GRENATE, v. a.

gangrena; Allier, and the chief place of an arrondisseGr. γαγγραινα & γραεινω, comedo. Medicalment, France, pleasantly situated, but not well terms descriptive of the state and tendency to built. It has in its vicinity an alum mine, and a mortification, or death, in different parts of the mineral spring of deleterious quality: Populabody; and of appearances indicative of such tion 4100. Twenty-two miles north of Cler.

mont, and thirty-six south of Moulins. In cold countries, when men's noses and ears are

GANNET, or Soland goose.

See PELImortified, and, as it were, gangrened with cold, if CANUS. they come to a fire they rot off presently; for that the GANTELOPE, n. s.

The latter is a corfew spirits that remain in those parts, are suddenly Gan'tLET, n. s.

3 ruption of the former, drawn forth, and so putrefaction is made complete. and derived from Dut. gant, all, and loopen, to

run: a military punishment, in which the criThis experiment may be transferred unto the cure minal, running between the ranks, receives a lash of gangrenes, either coming of themselves, or intro- from each man. duced by too much applying of opiates.

Id. Natural History.

But wouldest thou friend, who hast two legs alone,
Wounds immedicable

Wouldst thou to run the gantlet these expose,
Rankle and fester, and gangrene

To a whole company of hob-nailed shoes ? Dryden.
To black mortification. Milton's Agonistes.

Young gentlemen are driven with a whip, to run

the gantlet through the several classes. Locke. Parts cauterized, gangrenated, siderated, and mor

GANTELOPE, IN Suips Of War, is executed tified, become black, the radical moisture or vital sulphur suffering an extinction.

in the following manner :- The whole ships' Browne's Vulgar Errours. crew are disposed in two rows, standing face to She saves the lover, as we gangrenes stay,

face on both sides of the deck, so as to form a By cutting hope, like a lopt limb, away. Waller. lane, whereby to go forward on one side, and Gangrened members must be lopped away,

return aft on the other; each person being furBefore the nobler parts are tainted to decay.

nished with a small twisted cord, called a knittle,

Dryden. having two or three knots upon it. The delinIf the substance of the soul is festered with these quent is then stripped naked above the waist, passions, the gangrene is gone too far to be ever cured : and ordered to pass forward between the two rows these inflammations will rage to all eternity.

of men, and aft on the other side a certain num.

Addison's Spectator. ber of times, rarely exceeding three, during which The blood, turned acrimoninus, corrodes the vessels, every person gives him a stripe as he runs producing hæmorrhages, pustules red, lead-coloured, along. In his passage through this painful black and gangrenous.

Arbuthnot on Aliments. ordeal, he is sometimes tripped up, and very A GANGRENE, is a very great and dangerous severely handled while incapable of proceeding. degree of inflammation, wherein the parts af- This punishment, which is called running the fected begin to corrupt. See Medicine, and gantlet, is seldom inflicted, except for such SURGERY.

crimes as will naturally excite a general antipathy GANG'WAY, n. s. Sax. gangwag. In a ship; among the seamen; as, on some occasions, the the several ways, or passages, from one part of culprit would pass without receiving a single it to the other.

blow. GANGʻWEEK, n. s. Gang and week. A GANTELOPE, in the land service.

When a term applied to rogation week, when processions soldier is sentenced to run the gantelope, the are made to lustrate the bounds of parishes. regiment is drawn out in two ranks facing each

GANJAM, a fertile district, town, and sea- other; each soldier, having a switch in his hand, port, of Hindostan, in Cicacole, constituting one lashes the criminal as he runs along naked from of the collectorships into which that province the waist upwards. While he runs, the drums was divided in the year 1803. The town is beat at each end of the ranks. Sometimes he situated on the north-eastern bank of a river, runs three, five, or seven times, according to the only navigable during the rainy season, but de- nature of the offence. The major is on horsefended by a small fort, which is a regular pen- back, and takes care that each soldier does his tagon, well fortified, and generally garrisoned by duty. sepoys. It is also the station of the civil judge, GANYMEDES, in mythology, a beautifui collector, and commercial resident of the dis- youth of Phrygia, son of Tros and brother to trict. Since the erection of the cotton manu- İlus king of Troy; or, according to Lucian, the factories, in England and Scotland, the trade of son of Dardanus. Jupiter was charmed with the port has much declined.

him, and, carrying him away, made him his cupGAN-KING-FOG, a town of China, the ca- bearer in the room of Hebe. Some say that he pital of the province of Kiangnan, and situated caused him to be carried away by an eagle, and

uthers affirm he was himself the ravisher under appoint; and informs them that, for the same the form of that bird. He deified this youth; purpose, the king hath appointed his sheriff of and to comfort his father made a present to him the same county to bring all the prisoners of the of some of those swift horses that the gods rode gaol and their attachments, before them at the upon.

day appointed. The justices of gaol-delivery GA’NZA, n. s. Span. gansa, a goose. A kind are empowered by the common law to proceed of wild goose, by a flock of which a virtuoso upon indictments of felony, trespass, &c., and to was fabled to be carried to the lun ir world. order to execution or reprieve : they may likeThey are but idle dreams and fancies,

wise discharge such prisoners, as on their trials And favour strongly of the ganza's. Hudibras. are acquitted, and those against whom, on pro

GAOL, n. s. & v. a. Fr. géole ; Welsh, clamation being made, no evidence has appeared; Gaol'-DELIVERY, n. s. géol; Spa. jaula; Ital. they have authority to try offenders for treason,

GaOʻLER, n. s. gaiola, cuiola ; all, per- and to punish many particular offences, by stahaps, from Lat. caveola, caveu. A prison : to

tute 2 Hawk. 24. 2. Hale's Hist. Placit. Cor. 35. confine in a prison : the keeper of a prison: the

GAOLERS. Sheriffs are to make such gaolers judicial process which evacuates the prison, for whom they will be answerable: but if there either by condemnation, or acquittal of the be any default in the gaoler, an action lies prisoners.

against him for an escape, &c., yet the sheriff is For he had yeven drinke his gayler som

most usually charged; 2 Inst. 592.

Where a Of a clarre made of a certain wine,

gaoler kills a prisoner by hard usage, it is felody; With narcotikes and opie of Thebes fine,

3 Inst. 52. No fee shall be taken by gaolers, That all the night, though that men wold him shake, but what is allowed by law, and settled by the The gailer slept; he mighte not awake.

judges, who may determine petitions against Chaucer. The Knightes Tale. their extortions, &c., 2 Geo. II. c. 22. Then am I the prisoner, and his bed my gaol. GAONS, a certain order of Jewish doctors, Shakspeare. King Lear.

who appeared in the East, after the closing of the Have I been ever free, and must my house

Talmud. The word gaons signifies excellent or Be my retentive enemy, my gaol ? Shakspeare.

sublime; as in the divinity schools we formerly I. we mean to thrive and do good, break open the had irrefragable, sublime, resolute, angelic, and gaols, and let out the prisoners.

Id.

subtile doctors. The Gaons succeeded the SetuThis is a gentle provost; seldom, when The steeled gaoler is the friend of men.

Id.

ræans, or Opines, about the beginning of the sixth Guoling vagabonds was chargeable, pesterous, and century; Chanan Meischtia was the head and of no open example.

Bacon.

first of the Gaons. He restored the academy of Then doth the' aspiring soul the body leave, Pandebita, which had been shut up for thirty Which we call death ; but were it known to all, years. What life our souls do by this death receive,

GAP, n. s.

Saxon, geapan; Goth. Men would it birth of gaol-delivery call. Davies. GAPE, v. n. gap. Primary sense, an I know not bow or why my surly gaoler,

GAPER, n. s. opening; and used in reHard as his irons, and insolent as power

GAP-TOOTHED, adj. ference to a variety of When put in vulgar hands, Cleanches,

GAT-TOOTHED. subjects, both literally Put off the brute.

Dryden's Cleomenes. and figuratively. One who opens his mouth; From the polite part of mankind she had been

stares vacantly and foolishly. To stop a gop is banished and immured, till the death of her gaoler.

to supply a deficiency; to stand in the gap is to Tatler.

expose himself for the protection of some one in Gaol. Every county has two gaols, one for danger. Gap-toothed, a person whose teeth are debtors, which may be any house where the widely separated from each other: gat-toothed sheriff pleases; the other for the peace and in Chaucer may be understood as debauchet, matters of the crown, which is the county gaol. from Fr. gate ; or, perhaps, gat-toothed may be If a gaol be out of repair, or insufficient, &c., simply goat-toothed. justices of peace, in their quarter-sessions, may

Gat-toothed wos she sothly for to say. contract with workmen for the rebuilding or re

Chaucer. Prologue to the Canterbury Tales pairing it: and by their warrant order the sum

See how he galpeth, lo, this dronken wight, agreed on for that purpose to be levied on the As though he wold us swallow anon aright. several hundreds, and other divisions in the coun- Hold close thy mouth, man. ty by a just rate, 11 and 12 Will. III. c. 19. See

Id. The Manciples Prolags. PRISON.

The former kings of England passed into them a GAOL-DELIVERY. The administration of jus- great part of their prerogatives; which though then is tice being originally in the crown, in former times was well intended, and perhaps well deserved, yet our kings in person rode through the realm once now such a gap of mischief lies open thereby, that

could wish it were well stopt.

Spender. in seven years, to judge of and determine crimes and offences ; afterwards justices in eyre were

The loss of that city concerned the Christian cos. appointed; and since, justices of assize and gaol- monweal : manifold miseries afterwards ensued by delivery, &c. A commission of gaol-delivery is the opening of that gap to all that side of Christendom. a patent, in nature of a letter from the king to

Each one demand, and answer to his part certain persons, appointing them his justices, or

Performed in his wide gup of time, since first two or three of them, and authorising them to de- We were dissevered. Shakspeare. Winter's Take. liver his gaol, at such a place, of the prisoner in If you violently proceed against him, mistaking his it: for which purpose it commands them to meet purpose, it would make a great gap in your boncur at such a place, at the time they themselves then

Id. King Lear.

May that ground gape, and swallow me alive, plainly. Population 8000. Tifty-six miles south
Where I shall knecl to him that slew my father. by east of Grenoble, and 426 south by east of

Shakspeare. Paris.
Seme men there are love not a gaping pig;

GAR, v. a. Isl. giera. To make. Obsolete, Some, that are mad, if they behold a cat. Id.

except

in Scotland.
The great horse-mussel, with the fine shell, doth
gape and shut as the oysters do.

But specially I pray the hoste dere!
Bacon's Natural History.

Gar us have mete and drinke, and make us chere The golden shower of the dissolved abbey-lands And we sal paien, trewely at the full. rained well near into every gaper's mouth. Carew.

Chaucer. The Reves Tale. To her grim death appears in all her shapes ;

Tell me, good Hobbinol, what gars thee greet ? The hungry grave for her due tribute gapes.

What! hath some wolf thy tender lambs ytorn ? Denham.

Or is thy bagpipe broke, that sounds so sweet? With terrours and with furies tu the bounds Or art thou of thy loved lass forlorne ? Spenser. And crystal wall of heaven; which, opening wide, GARAMA, in ancient geography, the capital Rolled inward, and a spacious gap disclosed

of the Garamantes in Libya Interior; near the Into the wasteful deep. Milton's Paradise Lost.

spring of the Cinyphus, now in ruins. It lay Others will gape to’ anticipate The cabinet designs of fate;

south of Gætulia, extending from the springs of

the Cinyphus, and the Gir, to the mountains Apply to wizards, to foresee What shall, and what shall never be, Hüdibras.

which form at the Vallis Garamantica (Pliny): There is not, to the best of my remembrance, one

or from the springs of the Bagrades to the lake vowel gaping on another for want of a cæsura in this Nuba (Ptolemy). poem,

Dryden.

GARAMOND (Claude), a very ingenious The reeve, miller, and cook, are distinguished from letter-founder, born at Paris; where he began, each other, as much as the mincing lady prioress and in the year 1510, to found his printing-types, the broad speaking gap-toothed wife of Bath. Id. free from all the remains of the Gothic, or (as it As callow birds,

is generally called) the black letter, and brought Whose mother's killed in seeking of the prey, them to such perfection, that in Italy, Germany, Cry in their nest, and think her long away;

England, and Holland, the booksellers, by way And at each leaf that stirs, each blast of wind, Gape for the food which they must never find. Id.

of recommending their books, distinguished the

types by his name; and in particular, the small What would become of the church if there were

Roman was by way of excellence known among none more concerned for her rights than this ? Who

the printers of these nations by the name of Gawould stand in the gap?

Lesley. Where elevated o'er the gaping crowd,

ramond's small Roman. By the special command Clasped in the board the perjured head is bowed,

of king Francis I. he founded three sizes of Greek Betimes retreat.

Gay’s Trivia. types for the use of Robert Stephens, who with Gaping or yawning, and stretching, do pass from them printed all his beautiful editions of the New man to man; for that that causeth gaping and stretch. Testament, and other Greek authors. He died ing is when the spirits are a little heavy by any

at Paris in 1561. vapour.

Arbuthnot. GARASSE (Francis), a remarkable jesuitical That all these actions can be performed by ali- writer, the author of that irreconcileable enmity ment, as well as medicines, is plain; by observing which so long subsisted between the Jesuits and the effects of different substances upon the Auids and Jansenists, was born at Angoulesme, in 1585, solids, when the vessels are open and gape by, a and entered the Jesuits' College in 1600. As he wound.

Id. The hiatus, or gap, between two words, is caused

had a quick imagination, a strong voice, and a by two vowels opening on cach other.

Pope.

peculiar turn to wit, he became a popular preacher She stretches, gapes, unglues her eyes,

in the chief cities of France; but distinguished And asks if it be time to rise.

Swift.

himself still more by his writings, which were His policy consists in setting traps,

bold, licentious, and produced much controIn finding ways and means, and stopping gaps. Id. versy. The most considerable in its consequence

Ah, Vice ! how soft are thy voluptuous ways was entitled La somme Theologique des veritez While boyish blood is mantling who can 'scape capitals de la Religion Chretienne; which was The fascination of thy magic gaze?

first attacked by the abbot of St. Cyran, who obA cherub-hydra round us dost thou gape,

serving in it a prodigious number of falsifications And mould to every taste thy dear delusive shape.

of the Scriptures and of the fathers, besides many Byron. Childe Harold.

heritical and impious opinions, conceived the GAP, a town and bishop's see of France, the honor of the church required him to undertake capital of the department of the Upper Alps. It a refutation. Accordingly he published a full stands in a deep funnel-shaped valley surrounded answer to it; while Garasse's book was also by barren mountains, though the soil in the under examination of the doctors of the Sorvicinity is rich, and is an ill built place, with bonne, by whom it was afterwards condemned. narrow streets and low houses. The museum of Garasse replied to St. Cyran; but the Jesuits its literary society contains a variety of curious were forced to remove their brother to a distance minerals, plants, and birds of the Alps. Here is from Paris ; where, probably weary of his inacalso a magnificent monument of the duc de Les- tive obscurity, when the plague raged at Poicdiguieres, too well known in the civil wars of tiers, in 163i, he begged leave of his superior to France. Gap is an ancient town, being mentioned attend the sick, in which charitable office he was under the name of Vapinum by Antoninus. It infected and died. was sacked and burnt in 1692 by the duke of GARB, n. S.

Fr. garbe. ; Ital. garbo ; Teut. Savoy, and which its present state shows but too garb. Dress; fashion ; external appearance. VOL. IX.

3 C

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