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Johnson's list of meanings, with a few superadded Out of; noting extraction. illustrations.

From high Meonia's rocky shores I came.

Of poor descent : Acætes is my name. Addison Away ; noting privation. Jubal first made the wilder notes agree,

Because of; noting the reason or motive of And Jubal tuned Musick's Jubilee ;

an act or effect. He called the echoes from their sullen cell,

David celebrates the glory of God from the consi. And built the organ's city where they dwell.

deration of the greatness of his works. Tillotson. Marvell. Musick's Empire.

You are good, but from a nobler cause ; Your slighting Zulema, this very hour

From your own knowledge, not from nature's lars, Will take ten thousand subjects from your power.

Dryden. .We sicken soon from her contagious care ;

Dryden. In fetters one the barking porter ty'd,

Grieve for her sorrows, groan for her despair.

Prior. And took him trembliug from his sovereign's side.

Relaxation from plcnitude is cured by spare diet,

Id. Clarissa drew, with tempting grace,

and from any cause by that which is contrary to it.

Arbuthnot on Aliments. A two-edged weapon from the shining case. Pope.

Out of; noting the ground or cause of any But ne'er from strife-captivity--remorse

thing From all his feelings in their inmost forceSo thrilled--so shuddered every creeping vein

By the sacred radiance of the sun,

The mysteries of Hecate, and the night; As now they froze before that purple stain.

Byron. Corsair.

By all the operations of the orbs,

From whom we do exist, and cease to be, Noting reception.

Here I disclaim all my paternal care. What time would spare from steel receives its date.

Shakspeare. Pope. They who believe that the praises which arise fros Noting procession, descent, or birth.

valour are superior to those which proceed from any The song began from Jove.

Dryden. other virtues, have not considered. Dryden. Thus the hard and stubborn race of man

What entertainment can be raised from so pitiful a From animated rock and flint began. Blackmore.

machine ? We see the success of the battle from the Succeeding kings rise from the happy bed. Irene. very beginning.

14. Noting transmission.

Tis true from force the strongest title springs, The messengers from our sister and the king.

I therefore hold from that which first made kings.

14. Shakspeare. This is the colony to plant his knaves

Not near to; noting distance.
From hence he picks and culls his murdering braves. His regiment lies half a mile at least

Marvell. South frum the mighty power of the king.
And from the summit of that craggy mound

Shakspeare. The perching eagle oft was heard to cry,

Noting separation or recession.
Or on resounding wings to shoot athwart the sky. To die by thee, were but to die in jest;

Beattie. From thee to die, were torture more than death. Noting abstraction or vacation.

Shakspeare. I shall find time

Hast thou beheld, when from the goal they start, From this enormous state, and seek to give

The youthful charioteers with heaving heart, Losses their remedies. Shakspeare. King Leur.

Rush to the race, and panting, scarcely bear,

The' extremes of feverish hope and chilling fear, With to following ; noting succession.

Id. Virgil. These motions we must examine from first to last, Noting exemption or deliverance. to find out what was the form of the earth. Burnet. And whos child that it was he bade hire hide He bid her from time to time be comforted. From every wight, for aught that may betide.'


Chaucer. The Clerkes Tale. Out of; noting emission.

From Jealousy's tormenting strife,

Prior. When the most high

For ever be thy bosom freed. Eternal Father, from his secret cloud

Noting absence. Amidst, in thunder uttered thus his voice.

Our father he hath writ, so hath our sister, Milton.

Of differences, which I best thought it fit, Then, pierced with pain, she shook her haughty To answer from our home. head,

Shakspeare. King Lear. Sighed from her inward soul, and thus she said. Noting derivation.


I lay the deep foundations of a wall,

And Enos, named from me, the city call. Noting progress from premises to inferences.

Dryder If the objection be not reinoved, the conclusion of

Since. Noting distance from the past. experience from the time past to the time present will

Bacon. not be sound and perfect.

The flood was not the cause of mountains, but there

Raleigh. This is evident from that high and refined morality, were mountains from the creation.

I bad from my childhood a wart upon one of my which shined forth in some of the ancient heathens.



The other had been trained up from his youth in Noting the place or person from whom a mes- the war of Flanders.

Clarendon. sage is brought.

Were there, from all eternity, no memorable as The king is coming, and I must speak with him tions done 'till about that time?

Tolon from the bridge.

The milk of tigers was bis infant food, -How now, Fluellan, cam'st thou from the bridge ? Taught from his tender years the taste of blood. Shakspeure. Henry V.


From among

Contrary to. Not in use.

If native power prevail not, shall I doubt Any thing so overdone is from the purpose of play. To seek for needful succour from without ing; whose end, both at the first and now, was and

Dryden is to hold, as 'twere, the mirrour up to nature.

From is sometimes followed by another pre
Shakspeure. Hamlet. position, with its proper case.
Do not believe,

From amidst.
That from the sense of all civility,

Thou too shalt fall by time or barbarous foes, I thus would play and trifle with your reverence.

Whose circling walls the seven famed hills enclose;

And thou, whose rival towers invade the skies,
Did you draw bonds to forfeit? Sign, to break ?
Or must we read you quite from what we speak,

And from amidst the waves with equal glory rise.

Addison. And find the truth out the wrong way?

Noting removal.

Here had new begun
Thrice from the ground she leaped. Dryden.

My wandering, had not he, who was my guide From is very frequently joined by an ellipsis Up hither, from among the trees appeared, with adverbs : as, from above, from the parts

Presence divine.

Milton's Paradise Lost. above ; from below, from the places below; of From beneath. which some are here exemplified.

My worthy wife our arms mislaid, From above.

And from beneath my head my sword conveyed. He, which gave them from above such power, for

Dryden's Æneid. miraculous confirmation of that which they taught,

From beyond. endued them also with wisdom from above, to teach

There followed him great multitudes of people that which they so did confirm.

from Galileo, and from beyond Jordan.

Matthew iv, 25.
No sooner were his eyes in slumber bound,
When, from above, a more than mortal sound

From forth. Invades his ears.

Dryden's Æneid. Young Aretus, from forth his bridal bower, From afar.

Brought the full laver o'er their hands to pour,

And canisters of consecrated flour.
Light demilances from afar they throw.

Pope's Odyssey.

From off. From beneath.

Knights, unhorsed, may rise from off the plain, With whirlwinds from beneath she tossed the ship

And fight on foot, their honour to regain. Dryden. And bare exposed the bottom of the deep. Dryden. An arm arises out of Stygian food,

The sea being constrained to withdraw from of Which, breaking from beneath with bellowing sound, certain tracts of lands, which lay till then at the bot

tom of it.

Woodward. Whirls the black waves and rattling stoues round.

Id. From out. From behind,

And join thy voice unto the angel-quire, Sce, to their base restored, earth, seas, and air, From out his secret altar touched with hallowed fire. And joyful ages from behind, in crowding ranks appear.

Milton. Dryden. The king with angry threatnings from out a winFrom far.

dow, where he was not ashamed the world should A ship of merchants, that fetches her wares from behold him a beholder, commanded his guard and far, is the good housewife of the commonwealth. the rest of his soldiers to hasten their death. Bp. Hall,

Sidney. Their train proceeding on their way,

Now shake, from out thy fruitful breast, the seeds From far the town and lufty towers survey. Of envy, discord, and of cruel deeds. Dryden.

Dryden's Æneid. From high.

Strong god of arms, whose iron sceptre sways Then heaven's imperious queen shot down from

The freezing North and hyperborean seas, high.


Terror is thine, and wild amazement, fung From hence. Here from is superfluous.

From out thy chariot, withers even the strong.

Dryden. In the necessary differences which arise from

From out of. thence, they rather break into several divisions than juin in any one public interest; and from hence have Whatsoever such principle there is, it was at the always risen the most dangerous factions, which have

first found out by discourse, and drawn from out of

Hooker. ruined the peace of nations.

the very bowels of heaven and earth.

From under.
From whence. From is here superfluous.
Wbile future realms his wandering thoughts de-

He, thougu blind of sight,

Despised, and thought extinguished quite,

With inward eyes illuminated,
His daily vision, and his dream by night,
Forbidden Thebes appears before his eye,

His fiery virtue roused

From under ashes into sudden flame. From whence he sees his absent brother Ay.

Milton's Agonistes. From where.

From within. From where high Ithaca o'erlooks the floods,

From within Brown with o'erarching shades and pendent woods,

The broken bowels, and the bloated skin
Us to these shores our filial duty draws.

A buzzing noise of bees his ears alarms.
Pope's Odyssey.

From without.
When the plantation grows to strength, then it is

FROME, a river of England, that rises from time to plant it with women as well as with men,

several springs in the south-west of Dorsetshire, that it may spread into generations, and not be and, running almost due west, passes, unde pierced from without.

Bacon. Frampton-bridge to Dorchester, and falls into a


bay of the English Channel, called Poolhaven, FRONDI'FEROUS, adj.

Latin frondifa near Wareham.

Bearing leaves. Frome, or FROME-SELWOOD, a town of Somer FRONT, n. s., v.a. &v. n. Fr. front; Lat. setshire, and one of the most considerable of this FRONT'ED, adj.

frons. Face and part of the country, which was anciently one FRONT'LESS, adj.

front both signify great forest, called Selwoodshire. Here is a the human countenance, and figuratively desiglarge handsome church, 150 feet long, and fifty- nate the particular parts of bodies, which bear four broad, comprising a nave, chancel, north some sort of resemblance to it, or to the foreand south aisles, four chapels, and a vestry-room, head. Crabb thus distinguishes their peculiar with a square embattled tower and an octagonal application: ‘Face is applied to that part of bospire, 120 feet high. There are likewise several dies which serves as an index or rule, and conmeeting-houses in the town, belonging to dif- tains certain marks to direct the observer; front ferent denominations of dissenters, two of which is employed for that part which is most promiare large handsome edifices. Near the bridge nent or foremost: hence we speak of the face of stands a free-school for twenty boys, and an a wheel or clock, the face of a painting, or the alms-house for widows; the latter is a handsome face of nature; but the front of a house or buildbuilding, and was erected, by subscription, in ing, and the front of a stage : hence likewise the 1720. Here is also an hospital for old men, a propriety of the expressions, to put a good face charity-school for boys, and an asylum for girls, to- on a thing; to show a bold front.' The verb gether with various Sunday-schools, which afford signifies to oppose directly, or face to face, in instruction to 2000 children. The chief manufac- the sense of confront; to stand opposed or over ture is broad and narrow cloth. Formerly against any place or thing; to stand foremost. more wire cards, for carding wool for the spin- Frontless is used in the sense of bare faced usners, were made at this place than in all the rest blushing impudence. of England, and there were no fewer than twenty

I front but in that file, master card-makers, one of whom employed 400 Where others tell steps with me. men, women, and children, in that manufactory

Shakspeare. Henry VIII at once. This town has been long noted for its fine ale, which is kept to a great age. It is thir- will walk lower: if they 'scape from your encounter,

You four shall front them in the narrow lane ; we teen miles south of Bath, and 105 west by south then they light on us.

Shakspeare. of London.



have pashed out of your gates FRO'MWARD, ), prep. Sax. fbam and beard. the very defender of them, think to front his revenges Away from; the contrary to the word towards. with easy groans ? Not now in use.

Some are either to be won to the state in a fast As cheerfully going towards as Pyrocles went fro and true manner, or fronted with some other of the ward fromward his death.

Sidney. same party that may oppose them; and so divide tbe The horizontal needle is continually varying to reputation.

Bacon's Eesys. wards East and West; and so the dipping or inclining Both these sides are not only returns, but parts of needle is varying up and down, towards or fromwards the front ; and uniform without, though severally the zenith.

Cheyne. portioned within, and are on both sides of a great FRONDESCENTIÆ Tempus, in botany, the and stately tower, in the midst of the front. Baca precise time of the year and month, in which each The access of the town was only by a neck of land: species of plants unfolds its first leaves. All our men had shot, that thundered upon them from plants produce new leaves every year; but all the rampier in front, and from the gallies tbat lay at do not renew them at the same time. Among

sea in flank. woody plants , the elder, and most of the honey. Upon the sharpest fronts of the most fierce. Daniel


His forward hand, inured to wounds, makes vay suckles; among the perennial herbs, the crocus and tulip are the first that push or expand

They stand not front to front, but each doch view

Creechen their leaves. The time of sowing the seeds The other's tail, pursued as they pursue. decides with respect to annuals. The oak and

Part fronted brigades form. Milton. ash are constantly the latest in pushing their 'Twixt host and host but narrow space was left, leaves; the greatest number unfold them in A dreadful interval! and front to front spring; the mosses and firs in winter. These Presented, stood in terrible array. striking differences seem to indicate that each

Id. Paradise Lost, species of plants has a temperature proper or

Next do the lawyers sordid band appear, peculiar to itself, and requires a certain degree of

Finch in the front and Thurland in the rear. heat to extricate the leaves from the buds. This


Palladius adviseth the front of his edifice should sa temperature, however, is not so fixed or constant

respect the South, that in its first angle it receive the as it may at first view appear. Among plants rising rays of the Winter's sun, and decline a luie of the same species, there are some more early from the winter setting thereof.

Breux. than others; whether that circumstance depends, The prince approached the door, as it most commonly does, on the nature of the Possessed the porch, and on the front above plants, or is owing to differences in heat, exposure, He fixed the fatal bough. Dryden's Eneida and soil. In general, it may be affirmed that

Thee, frontless man, we followed from afar, small and young trees are always earlier than Thy instruments of death and cools of war. larger or old ones. The pushing of the leaves

Dryder is likewise accelerated or retarded, according to For vice, though frontless, and of hardened face, the temperature of the season ; that is, according is daunted at the sight of awful grace. as the sun is sooner or later in dispensing the The square will be one of the most beautifal is degree of heat suitable to each species.

Italy wben this statue is erected, and a town house


built at one end to front the church that stands at the sea, but fronts another country; bordering ; con other.

Addison on Italy. terminous. One sees the front of a palace covered with painted Draw all the inhabitants of those borders away, or pillars of different orders.


plant garrisons upon all those frontiers about him. His front yet threatens, and his frowns command.

Spenser on Ireland.

I upon my frontiers here keep residence,
Strike a blush through frontless flattery. Pope. That little which is left so to defend. Milton.
Where the deep trench in length extended lay,

Yet had his temple high
Compacted troops stand wedged in firm array,

Reared in Azotus, dreaded through the coast
A dreadful front.


Of Palestine, in Gath and Askalon,
The patriot virtues that distend thy thought,

An Accaron and Gaza's frontier bounds.
Spread on thy front and in thy bosom glow.

Id. Paradise Lost.

A place there lies on Gallia’s utmost bounds, The high moon sails upon her beauteous way, Where rising seas insult the frontier grounds. Serenely smoothing o'er the lofty walls

Addison. Of those tall piles and sea-girt palaces,

Beyond the frontiers, his anxious view could disWhose porphyry pillars, and whose costly fronts, cover nothing, except the ocean, inhospitable deserts, Fraught with the orient spoil of many marbles, hostile tribes of barbarians of fierce manners and unLike altars ranged along the broad canal,

known language, or dependant kings who would Seem each a trophy of some mighty deed

gladly purchase the emperor's protection by the sacriReared up from out the waters.

fice of an obnoxious fugitive.

Gibbon. Byron. The Doge of Venice.

FRONTIERS are the extremes of a kingdom or They erred, as aged men will do ; but by country, which the enemies find in front when And by we'll talk of that; and if we don't they would enter it. They were anciently called 'Twill be because our notion is not high

marches. Of politicians, and their double front

FRONTINAC, Fort, a fortress of Canada, or. Who live by lies, yet dare not boldly lie. Byron.

the north-west side of Lake Ontario, three miles They reached the hotel : forth streamed from the

from its mouth, and 300 from Quebec. It was front door

taken from the French, in August 1759, by the A tide of well clad waiters; and around

British under colonel Bradstreet, though deThe mob stood, and as usual several score

fended by 110 men and sixty pieces of cannon, Of those pedestrian Paphians, who abound

In decent London, when the day light's o'er.

besides Indians.

FRONTINUS (Sextus Julius), an ancient Front, in architecture, denotes the principal Roman anthor, of consular dignity, who flouface or side of a building, or that presented to rished under Vespasian, Titus, Domitian, Nerva, their chief aspect or view. FROʻNTAL, n. s. Fr. frontale ; Lat. frontale. in Britain ; was made city prætor when Vespa

and Trajan. He commanded the Roman armies Any external form of medicine to be applied to sian and Titus were consuls'; and curator of the the forehead, generally composed among the an- aqueducts by Nerva, which occasioned his writing cients of coolers and hypnoticks.

De Aquæductibus Urbis Romæ. He wrote four We may apply intercipients upon the temples of books upon the Greek and Roman art of war; a mastick : frontales may also be applied. Wiseman. tract De re Agrariâ, and another De Limitibus.

The torpedo, alive, stupefes at a distance ; but These have been often separately printed; but after death produceth no such effect; which had were all collected in a neat edition at Amsterthey retained, they might have supplied opium, and dam, in 1661, with notes by Robert Keuchen. served as frontals in phrensies.

Browne. He died under Trajan. FRONTAL, FRONTLET, or brow-band, in the FRONTISPIECE, n. s. Fr. frontispice ; Lat. Jewish ceremonies, consists of four several pieces frontispicium, id quod in fronte conspicitur. That of vellum, on each of which is written some text part of any building or other body that directly of scripture. They are all laid on a piece of meets the eye. black calf's leather with thongs to tie it by. The With frontispiece of diamond and gold Jews apply the leather with the vellum on their Embellished, thick with sparkling orient gems foreheads in the synagogue, and tie it round the The portal shone. Milton's Paradise Lost head with the thongs.

Who is it has informed us that a rational soul can FROʻNTATED, adj. Lat. frons. In bctany, inhabit no tenement, unless it has just such a sort of

Locke. the frontated leaf of a Aower grows broader and frontispiece ?. broader, and at last perhaps terminates in a right beautiful black marble, streaked with white.

The frontispiece of the townhouse has pillars of a line: used in opposition to cuspated, which is,

Addison when the leaves of a flower end in a point. FROʻNTBOX, n. s. Front and box. The

FROʻNTLET, n. s. Fr. fronteau ; Lat. frons. box in the playhouse from which there is a direct A bandage worn upon the forehead. view to the stage.

They shall be as frontlets between thine eyes.

Deut. vi. 8.
How vain are all these glories, all our pains, How, now, daughter, what makes that frontlad
Unless good sense preserve what beauty gains ! on? You are too much of late i' the frown.
That men may say, when we the frontbox grace,

Behold the first in virtue, as in face. Pope. To the forehead frontlets were applied, to restrain

Wiseman's Surgery. FRONTIER, n. s. & adj. Fr. frontiere. The and intercept the influx. limit or utmost verge of any territory; the bor FRONTO (Marcus Cornelius), a Roman orator, der; properly that which terminates not at the preceptor to the emperor Marcus Aurelius and

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Lucius Verus. The former made him consul, and When the frost seizes upon wine, only the more erected a statue to his honor.

waterish parts are congealed; there is a mighty spiFRONTRO'OM, n. s. Front and room. An

rit which can retreat into itself, and within its own "partment in the fore part of the house.

compass lies secure from the freezing impression.

South If your shop stands in an eminent street, the front.

The rich brocaded silk unfold, rooms are commonly more airy than the backrooms; and it will be inconvenient to make the frontroom

Where rising flowers grow stiff with frosted gold. shallow. Moron.

Gay. FRONZELLA, one of the seventeen almost Behold the groves that shine with silver frost, inaccessible passes through the mountains of their beauty withered, aud their verdure lost. Vicenza, in Italy, commencing in the Valley of Brenta. It is the narrowest of them, and is so The Hours bad now unlocked the gate of day, covered by perpendicular rocks, 300 feet high,

When fair Aurora leaves her frosty bed, that a ray of the sun can scarcely penetrate into

Hasting with youthful Cephalus to play the pass, and the eye cannot perceive the sky.'

Unmasked her face, and rosy beauties spread :

Tithonus' silver age was much despised ; Yet this road (says, Dr. Oppenheim), is the

Ah! who in love that cruel law devised, easiest and most passable' of the seventeen,

That old love's little worth, and new too higbly - except during rain or snow, when it is the most

prized ?

Fletcher's Purple Island. perilous.' FRORE, adj.) Dutch bevrozen, frozen.

Tis the same landscape which the modern Mars FRORNE. Frozen. This word is not

Who marched to Moscow, led by Fame the Syren! used since the time of Milton.

To lose by one month's frost some twenty years 0, my heart-blood is well nigh frorne I feel,

Of conquest and his guard of grenadiers. Byron. And my galage grown fast to my heel.

Spenser's Past.

FROST, in physiology. Having under the The parching air

articles Cold, CONGELATION, and FREEZING, Burns frore, and cold performs the effect of fire. entered fully into the various phenomena of

Milton. freezing, we shall only here add a few miscellaFROST, n. 8. Sax. frost; Dan. Swed. neous observations on particular effects of frost. Fros'ted, adj. and Teut. frost; Belg.

Being derived from the atmosphere, (see MetzFROS'Tily, adv vrost. The last effect of OROLOGY), frost naturally proceeds from the upper FROST'INESS, n. s. cold; the power or act of parts of bodies downwards, as the water and the Fros'ty, adj. congelation; the appear

earth: : so, the longer a frost is continued, the ance of plants and trees sparkling with congela- thicker the ice becomes upon the water in ponds

, tion of dew: the adjective is applied to whatever and the deeper into the earth the ground is in appearance resembles this: the adverb is ap- frozen. In about sixteen or seventeen days plied not only to natural cold but to want of frost, Mr. Boyle found it had penetrated fourteen animal warmth, and to coldness of affection; inches into the ground. At Moscow, in a hard likewise to the head that is gray with age.

season, the frost will penetrate two feet deep in

the ground; and captain James found it peneHis eyen twinkeled in his bed aright, As don the sterres in a frosty night.

trated ten feet deep in Charlton Island, and the Chaucer. Prologue to Cant. Tales. water in the same island was frozen to the depth There they doe finde that godly aged sire, of six feet. Scheffer assures us, that in Sweden With snowy lockes adowne his shoulders shed; the frost pierces two cubits or Swedish ells into

As hoary frost with spangles doth attire the earth, and turns what moisture it finds there The mussy branches of an oke halfe ded.

into a whitish substance, like ice; and standing Spenser's Faerie Queene. waters to three ells, or more. The same author This is the state of man ; to-day he puts forth also mentions sudden cracks in the ice of the The tender leaves of hope, to-morrow blossoms

lakes of Sweden, nine or ten feet deep, and many And bears his blushing honours thick upon him; The third day comes a frost, a killing frost,

leagues long; the rupture being made with a And when he thinks, good easy man, full surely

noise not less loud than if many guns were dis

charged together. By such means, however, the His greatness is a ripening, nips his root, And then he falls. Shakspeare. Henry VIII. fishes are furnished with air; so that they are Where is loyalty ?

rarely found dead. In the northern parts of the If it be banished from the frosty head,

world the most compact bodies are affected by Where shall it find a harbour in the earth ? frost. Timber is often apparently frozen, and

Shakspeare. rendered exceedingly difficult to saw. Marl, Wbat a frosty spirited rogue is this !

Id. chalk, and other less solid terrestrial concretions, For all my blood in Rome's great quarrel shed, will be shattered by strong and durable frosts. For all the frosty nights that I have watched, Metals are contracted by frost, thus, an iron Be pitiful to my condemned sons.

tube twelve feet long, upon being exposed to the Titus Andronicus.

air in a frosty night, lost two lines of its length. The air, if very cold, irritateth the fame, and on the contrary, frost swells or dilates water maketh it burn more fiercely; as fire scorcheth in nearly one tenth of its bulk. Mr. Boyle made frosty weather.

several experiments with metalline vessels, exCourtling, I rather thou should't utterly

ceedingly thick and strong; which being filled Dispraise my work, than praise it frostily.

Ben Jonson. with water, close stopped, and exposed to the A gnat half-starved with cold and lunger, went out cold, burst by the expansion of the frozen fluid óne frosty morning to a bee-hive. L'Estrange. within them. Trees are often destroyed by frost,


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