« ZurückWeiter »
Nor did there want
And I ha' been choosing out of this skull Cornice or friese with bossy sculptures graven ;
From charnel-houses, that were full, The roof was fretted gold. Milton's Paradise Lost. From private grots, and public pits,
Polydore designed admirably well, as to the practi And frighted a sexton out of his wits. Jonson. cal part, having a particular genius for friezes.
Such a numerous host
Fled not in silence through the frighted deep,
With ruin upon ruin, rout on routs,
Millon. Frigʻate, n. s. À A small ship. Ships under
Cherubic watch, and of a sword the fame fifty guns are generally termod frigates. Used
Wide-waving, all approach far off to frighi, by Spenser to designate a diminutive vessel in
And guard all passage to the tree of life. Id. the water. Behold the water work and play
This will make a prodigious mass of water, and About her little frigat, therein making way.
looks frightfully to the imagination; 'uis huge and
Burnet. Faerie Queene. The treasure they sought for was, in their view,
Without aid ynu durst not undertake embezzled in certain frigals. Raleigh's Apology.
This frightful passage o'er the Stygian lake.
Drydca. On high-raised decks the haughty Belgians ride, Beneath whose shades our humble frigats yo.
You, if your goodness does not plead my cause, Dryden.
May think I broke all hospitable laws, Frigates are usually of two decks light And put your noble person in a fright.
To bear you from your palace-yard by mnight,
Id. built, designed for swift sailing. When smaller, with but one deck, they are called light frigates. in gross, and at a distance : things thus offered to the
The mind frights itself with any thing reflected on Those mounting from twenty to forty-four guns mind, carry the shew of nothing but difficulty. are esteemed excellent cruisers. The name was
Locke. formerly known only in the Mediterranean, and
The rugged bear's, or spotted lynx's brood, applied to a long. kind of vessel navigated in
Frighten the valleys and infest the wood. Prir. that sea with sails and oars. The English were
Then to her glass; and Belty, pray, the first who appeared on the ocean with these Don't I look frightfully to-day? Suis. ships, equipped for war as well as for commerce. Whence glaring oft with many a broadened orb,
Frigate-Built, denotes the disposition of the He frights the nations. Thomson's Au'uns. decks of such merchant ships as have a descent
His sense, he dare not trust (nor eyes, nor ears); of four or five steps from the quarter deck and And, when no other cause of fright appears, fore castle into the waist : in contradistinction to
Hiinself he much suspects, and fears his causeless
fears. those whose decks are on a continued line for the
Fletcher's Purple Island. whole length of the ship, which are called galley
FRIGHT, or terror. See FEAR. Sudden fear built.
is frequently productive of very remarkable FRIGATOON, a Venetian vessel commonly effects upon the human system. Of this many used in the Adriatic, built with a square stern, instances occur in medical writings. In general and without any fore-mast, having only a main the effects of terror are contraction of the mast, mizen mast, and a bow sprit.
small vessels and a repulsion of the blood in the FRIGEFAC'TION, n. s. Lat. frigus and large and internal ones: hence proceed general facio. The act of making cold.
oppression, trembling, and irregularity in the FRIGHT;v. a.& n. s. Sax. frigpran; Teut. motions of the heart; while the lungs are also Fright'EN, v. a. furcht, fear; Danish overcharged with blood. Frights often occasion FRIGHTFUL, adj. >fryght; implying a state
incurable diseases, as epilepsy, stupor, madness, FRIGHTFULLY, adv. of fear. To terrify; to
&c. We have also accounts of persons ahsoFright'FULNESS, n. s. disturb with fear; to lutely killed by terror, when in perfect health at shock with fear; to daunt; to dismay. This was the time of receiving the shock. Persons orin the old authors more frequently written af- dered to be led to execution, but with private fright, as it is always found in the Scripture. orders to be reprieved on the scaffold, have er. Fright is a sudden terror: to frighten is to shock pired at the block without a wound. Out of with dread : frightful, full of what causes fright many instances of the fatal effects of fear, the or apprehension. Johnson says it is a cant word following is selected as one of the most singular: among women for any thing unpleasing. -George Grochantzy, a Polander, who had enI pray you that ye take it not agrefe :
listed as a soldier in the service of the king of By God me mette I was in swiche mischefe,
Frussia, deserted during the war. A small party Right now that yet min herte is sore afright. was sent in pursuit of him, and, when he least
Chaucer. The Nonnes Preestes Tale. expected it, surprised him singing and dancing sho when that villayn he aviyed, which late among a company of peasants in an inn. This Affrighted had the fairest Florimell,
event so sudden, and so dreadful in its conse Full of fierce fury and indiguant hate
quences, struck him in such a manier, that To him he turned, and with rigor fell
giving a loud cry, he became altogether stupid Smote him so rudely on the pannikell
and insensible, and was seized without the least That to the chin he clefte his head in twaine.
resistance. They carried him away to Glocau, Spenser. Faerie Queene. Tetchy and wayward was thy infancy,
where he was brought before the council of war, Thy school days frightful, desperate, wild, and furious, and received sentence as a deserter. Ile suffered
himself to be led and disposed of, at the will of The herds
those about him, without uttering a word, Were strongly clam'rous in the frighted fields. or giving the least sign that he knew what had Id, Henry IV. happened or would happen to him.
mained im noveable as a statue wherever he was gains an ascendancy in the mind it becomes an placed, and was wholly passive with respect to insupportable tyranny, and renders life a burden. all that was done to him or about him. During The object of fear is evil; and to be exempt from all the time that he was in custody, he neither fear, or at least not enslaved to it, gives dignity to eat, nor drank, nor slept, nor had any evacua our nature, and invigorates all our faculties. Yet tion. Some of his comrades were sent to see there are evils which we ought to fear. Those that him; after that he was visited by some officers arise from ourselves, or which it is in our power of his corps, and by some priests; but he still to prevent, it would be madness to despise, and continued in the same state, without discovering audacity not to guard against. External evils, the least signs of sensibility. Promises, entrea- which we cannot prevent, or conld not avoid ties, and threatenings, were equally ineffectual. without a breach of duty, it is manly and honorIt was at first suspected, that those appearances able to bear with fortitude. Insensibility to were feigned; but these suspicions gave way, when danger is not fortitude any more than the init was known that he took no sustenance, and capacity of feeling pain can be called patience; that the involuntary functions of nature were in and to expose ourselves unnecessarily to evil is a great measure suspended. The physicians worse than folly, and very blameable presumpconcluded that he was in a state of hopeless tion. idiocy; and after some time they knocked off FRIGʻID), adj. Lat. frigidus, frigiditas. his fetters, and left him at liberty to go whither FRIGID'ITY, n. S. Cold; wanting warmth. he would. He received his liberty with the FRIGʻIDLY, adv. It is usually applied to the same insensibility that he had shown upon other FRIGʻIDNESS, n. s. human mind, body, and occasions; he remained fixed and immoveable; heart; thus it is dull, without fire of fancy, or inhis eyes turned wildly here and there without tellectual energy; impotent; destitute of animal taking cognizance of any object, and the muscles warmth; unaffectionate; not easily moved to of his face were fallen and fixed like those of friendship or love. a dead body. He passed nineteen days in this Driving at these as at the highest elegancies, which condition, without eating or any evacuation, and are but the frigidities of wit. died on the twentieth day. He had been some
Browne's Vulgar Errours. times heard to fetch deep sighs; and once he The boiling blood of youth hinders that serenity rushed with great violence on a soldier, who had which is necessary to severe intenseness; and the a mug of liquor in his hand, forced the mug frigidity of decrepit age is as much its enemy, hy rea
Glanville's Scepsis. from him, and having drunk the liquor with son of its dulling moisture. great eagerness let the mug drop to the ground. tolerable
, and in the frigid zones the colil would have
In the torrid zone the heat would have been inYet frights have been known to cure, as well as
destroyed both animals and vegetables. to cause diseases. Mr. Boyle mentions agues,
Cheyne's Philosophic Principles. gout, and sciatica thus cured. Among the lu. Of the two extremes, one would sooner pardon dicrous effects of fear, the following instance, phrenzy than frigidity.
Pupe. quoted from a French author, shows upon what If justice Philip's costive head slight occasions this passion may be sometimes Some frigid rhymes disburses, excited in a very high degree.
When Charles They shall like Persian tales be reaa, Gustavus was besieging Prague, a boor of most And glad both babes and nurses. Swift. extraordinary visage desired admittance to bis FRIGID ZONE. See Zone. tent; and, being allowed entrance, offered, by FRIGORIFIC, adj. Of the same derivation, way of amusing the king, to devour a whole hog and signifies causing cold. of 100 cwt. in his presence.
The old general,
Frigorifick atoms or particles mean thosc nitrons Konigsmark, who stood by the king's side, and salts which float in the air in cold weather, and occa who, soldier as he was, had not got rid of the
Quincy. prejudices of his childhood, hinted to his royal FRILAZIN, a class or rank of people among naster that the
peasant ought to be burnt as a the Anglo-Saxons, consisting of those who had sorcerer. 'Sir,' said the fellow, irritated at the been slaves, but had obtained their liberty, either remark, 'if your majesty will but make that old by purchase or otherwise. Though these were gentleman take off his sword and his spurs, I will in reality freemen, they were not considered as eat him immediately before I begin the hog' of the same rank and dignity with those who had Konigsmark (who had, at the head of a body of been born free, but were still in a more depenSwedes, performed wonders against the Austrians, dent condition, either on their former masters or and who was looked upon as one of the bravest on some new patrons. This custom the Anglomen of the age) could not stand this proposal, Saxons seem to have derived from their ancestors especially as it was accompanied by a most in Germany, among whom those who had been hideous and preternatural expansion of the made free did not differ much in point of dignity frightful peasant's jaws. Without uttering a or importance from those who continued in serword, the veteran suddenly turned round, ran vitude. This distinction, between those who had out of the court, and thought not himself safe been born free and those who enjoy freedom by until he had arrived at his quarters; where he descent from a long race of freemen, still prevails remained above twenty-four hours locked up in many parts of Germany; and particularly in securely, before he had got rid of the panic the original seats of the Anglo-Saxons. Many of which had so severely affected him. The inge- the inhabitants of towns and cities in England, in nious Dr. Beattie observes, in his Elements of that period, seein to have been of this class of Moral Science, that fear should not rise higher men, who were in a kind of middle state between than to make us attentive and cautious; when it slaves and freemen.
FRILL, v. n. Fr. frilleur. To quake or finches are generally allowed to be the best, both shiver with cold. Used of a hawk; as “the hawk for length and variety of song, ending with frills.'
several very fine notes. They are hardy, and FRINGE,n.s.&v.a. Fr. frange; Ital. frangia; will live almost upon any seeds. Belg. frange, of Goth. rens, rans ; whence rand, F. Canaria, the Canary bird, has a whitish the border of a shoe. Ornamental appendages body and bill, with the prime feathers of the wings added to dress or furniture; chiefly that which and tail greenish. The Canary bird, as found in adorns the edge or the extremity of any thing: the island from which it derives its name, is of a to fringe is thus to decorate: the eyelids are plain gray color, with the down at the base of the metaphorically said to be the fringes of the eyes. feathers blackish, the tail somewhat forked, and
Of silver wings he took a shining pair, the legs pale. It was originally peculiar to those Fringed with gold.
isles to which it owes its name. Though the anThose offices and dignities were but the facings or cients celebrate the isle of Canaria, for its multifringes of his greatness.
Wotton. tude of birds, they have not mentioned any in Either side of the bank, fringed with most beautiful particular. It is probable, then, that our species trees, resisted the sun's darts.
Sidney. Then from a cloud, fringed round with golden fires, second discovery of these isles in 1402. Belon,
was not introduced into Europt till after the Were timbrels heard, and Berecynthian choirs.
who wrote in 1555, is silent in respect to these Dryden.
birds: Gesner is the first who mentions then; The golden fringe even set the ground on fame, And drew a precious trail. Id. Flower and Leaf.
and Aldrovand speaks of them as rarities, obThe shadows of all bodies, in this light, were bor
serving that they were very dear on account of dered with three parallel fringes, or bands of coloured the difficulty attending the bringing them from light, whereof that which was contiguous to the shadow so distant a country, and that they were purwas broadest and most luminous ; and that which was chased by people of rank alone. They are remotest from it was narrowest, and so faint as not still found on the same spot to which we were easily to be visible.
Newton's Opticks. first indebted for the production of these charrHere, by the sacred bramble tinged,
ing songsters; but they are now become so nlMy petticoat is doubly fringed.
merous in our own country, that we are uoder FRINGILLA, in ornithology, a genus be no necessity of crossing the ocean for them. longing to the order of passeres. The hill is They are reared principally by the Germans and conical, straight, and sharp pointed. There are Italians, who are celebrated for their skill in imno less than 112 species comprehended under proving the note of these birds by tuition. Most this genus, distinguished principally by varieties of the Canary birds that are imported from the in their color. The following are the most Tyrol, have been brought up by parents instructed noted :
by the nightingale; but our English Canary birds F. amandava, the amaduvade bird, about the have commonly more of the tit-lark note. Those size of a wren. The color of the bill is of a dull brought from Germany are generally variegated red; all the upper parts are brown, with a mix or mottled, and are the least valued, because the ture of red; the under the same, but paler, the heat of the houses in that country renders the middle of the belly darkest; all the feathers of birds bred there tender and short-lived. German the upper wing-coverts, breasts, and sides, have birds seldom live above two or three years in this a spot of white at the tip; the quills are of a gray country : whereas the Canary birds bred in Engbrown; the tail is black; and the legs are of a land in the usual way are said to live eight, teu, pale yellowish white. It inhabits Bengal, Java, or fifteen years. The birds that come from the Malacca, and other parts of Asia ; and feeds on junction of the citril, the fiskin, and the goldmillet
finch, with a hen Canary bird, are generally F. cælebs, the chaffinch, has black limbs, and stronger than those from a cock and hen Canary the wings white on both sides, the first three bird. They sing longer; and their voice is more feathers of the tail are without spots, but the two sonorous and strong, but they are taught with chief ones are obliquely spotted. It has its name difficulty. The fiskin alone will breed with the from its delighting in chaff
. This species enter- Canary bird equally well, whether male or fetains us agreeably with its song very early in the male; the hen Canary bird produces likewise year, but towards the end of summer assumes a easily enough with the male goldfinch; not chirping note; both sexes continue with us the quite so easily with the male linnet; and it will
In Sweden the females quit that breed, though more reluctantly, with the males country in September, migrate in flocks into of the chaffinch, the yellow-hammer, and Holland, leaving their mates behind; aud return sparrow. Among a variety of other sorts, there n spring. Their nest is almost as elegantly con are two kinds of Canary birds much esteemed structed as that of the goldfinch, and of much among breeders; namely, those birds which the same materials, only the inside has the ad- are all yellow, called gay birds, and those dition of some large feathers. They lay four or which are mottled and have a yellow crown; five eggs of a dull white color, tinged and spotted called spangled, or fancy birds.
The fancy with deep purple. They are caught in plenty in breed are esteemed the strongest, and have the Alight-time; bu their nests are rarely found, boldest song. We find it stated in the Memoirs though they build in hedges and trees, and have of the Society of Natural History of Wetterau, young ones thrice a-year. They are seldom bred that a Mr. Schæpf of Gottorp, reared a featherfrom the nest, being not apt to learn another less Canary bird, woich continued living and in bird's song, nor whistle; so that it is best to good health for upwards of three years. leave the old ones to bring them up. The Essex F. cannabina, the greater red-pole, is rather
less than the common linnet, and has a blood- tolerable by many. The sparrow has no song, colored spot on the forehead, and the breast of only a chirp or two frequently repeated. This the male is tinged with a fine rose-color. It is a species is found every where throughout Europe; common fraud in the bird shops in London; and is also met with in Egypt, Senegal, Syria, when a male bird is distinguished from the fe- and other parts of Africa and Asia. male by a red breast, as in this species, to paint F. linaria, the less red-pole, is about half the the feathers, so that the deceit is not easily dis- size of the greater red-pole, and has a rich spot covered. These birds are frequent on our coasts ; of purplish red on the forehead: the breast is of and are often taken in flight time near London. the same color, but less bright. The female is
F. carduelis, the goldfinch, with the quill fea- less lively in color; has no red on the breast; thers red forwards, and the outermost without and the spot on the forehead is of a saffron hue. any spots; the two outermost are white in the This species is common in England; and lays four middle, as the rest are at the point. The young or five eggs of a bluish green, thickly sprinkled bird before it moults is gray on the head; and near the blunt end with small reddish spots. hence it is termed by the bird-catchers a gray- Pennant mentions an instance of this bird being pate. There is a variety of this species, called so tenacious of her nest, as to suffer herself to by the London bird-catchers a cheverel, from the be taken off by the hand; and when released manner in which it concludes its jerk. It is dis- she would not forsake it. This species is known tinguished from the common sort by a white about London by the name of the stone red pole. streak, or by two, sometimes three, white spots Whole flocks of them, mixed with the fiskin, under the throat. Their note is very sweet, and frequent places where alders grow, for the sake they are much esteemed on that account, as well of picking the catkins: they generally hang like as for their great docility. Towards winter, they the titmouse, with the back downwards; and in assemble in flocks; and feed on various seeds, this state are so intent on their work, that they particularly those of the thistle. They are fond may be entangled by dozens, by means of a twig of orchards, and often build in apple or pear smeared with birdlime fastened to the end of a trees. Their nests are very elegantly formed of long pole. This species seems to be plentiful fine moss, liverworts, and bents, on the outside; throughout Europe, from the extreme parts of lined first with wool and hair, and then with the Russia to Italy. It is very common in Greengosling or cotton of the sallow. The hen lays land, and in America it is likewise well known. five white eggs, marked with deep purple spots F. linota, the linnet, has the bottom of the on the upper end: and has two broods in the breast of a fine blood red, which heightens as year. When kept in cages they are commonly the spring advances. These birds are much esfed much on hemp seed, which they eat freely, teemed for their song. They feed on seeds of but which is said to make them grow black, different kinds, which they peel before they eat; and lose both their red and yellow. Gold- the seed of the linum, or fax, is their favorite tinches often attain the age of twenty years. food, from whence they derive their name. They They abound throughout Europe; and are breed among furze and white thorn: the outside also met with in Asia and Africa, but less com- of their nests is made with moss and hents, and monly.
lined with wood and hair. They lay five whitish F. domestica, the sparrow, has the prime fea- eggs, spotted like those of the goldfinch. They thers of the wings and tail brown, the body va are remarkable for their attachment to their riegated with gray and black, and a single white young, and the following instance is given by a streak on the wings. These birds are proverbi- Mr. Strang, of the Isle of Sanda, Orkney, in the ally salacious, and have three broods in a year. Edinburgh Philosophical Journal :-During the They are every where common about our houses, summer of 1818,' says Mr. Strang, 'my children where they build in every place they can find ad- having found a linnet's nest, containing four mittance; under the roof, corner of the brick- young ones nearly fledged, resolved to carry home work, or in holes of the wall. They make a slo- nest and brood, with the view of feeding and venly nest; generally a little hay ill put together, taming the young birds. The parent birds, at, but lined well with feathers; where they lay five or tracted by the chirping of their young, continued six eggs of a reddish white color, spotted with futtering around the children until they reached brown. They sometimes build in trees, in which the house. The nest was carried up stairs to the case they take more pains with the nest; and nursery, and placed outside the window.
The often expel the martins from theirs, to save the old birds soon afterwards made their appearance; trouble of constructing one of their own. Spar- approached the nest, and fed their family, withrows, from frequenting only habitations and out showing alarm. This being noticed, the parts adjacent, may be said to be chiefly fed from nest was soon afterwards placed on a table in the human industry, for, in spite of every precaution, middle of the apartment, and the window left they will partake with the. pigeons, poultry, &c. open. The parent birds came boldly in, and fed in the food thrown out to them, grain of all kinds their offspring as before. I was called up stairs being most agreeable to their taste, though they to witness this remarkable instance of strong pawill eat refuse from the kitchen of most kinds. rental attachment. To put it still further to the They are familiar but crafty, and do not so easily test, I placed the nest and young within a birdcome into a snare as many others. In autumn cage; still the old ones returned, entered boldly they often collect into flocks, and roost in num within the cage, and supplied the wants of their bers on the neighbouring trees, when they may brood as before; nay, towards evening, the pa be shot by dozens, or caught in great numbers at rent birds actually perched on the cage, regard night by a bat fowling net. The flesh is accounted iess of the noise made around them by several
children. This pleasing scene continued for se- beneath the trap, by pullmg away the stick veral days; when an unlucky accident put an end The females sing nearly as well as the males to it, to the great grief of my young naturalists. They are familiar, and, when once used to the The cage had been again set on the outside of climate, frequently live five or six years in a the window, and was unluckily left exposed to cage. They have been bred in Holland. one of those sudden and heavy falls of rain F. spinus, the siskin, has the prime feathers of which often occur in the Orkneys; the conse the wings yellow in the middle, and the first four quence was, that the whole of the young were chief tail feathers without spots; but they are drowned in the nest. The poor parents, who had yellow at the base, and black at the points. Mr. so boldly and indefatigably performed their duty, Willoughby says that this is a song bird; and continued hovering around the house, and look- that in Sussex it is called the barley bird, be ing wistfully in at the window for some days, cause it comes to them in barley seed time. It and then disappeared.'
visits these islands at very uncertain times, like F. montifringilla, the brambling, has a yellow the gross-beak, &c. It is to be met with in the bill tipt with black; the head, hind part of the bird-shops in London; and, being rather scarce, neck, and back, are black; the throat, fore part sells at a higher price than the merit of its song of the neck, and breast, pale rufous orange; deserves: it is known there by the name of the lower part of the breast and belly white; the aberdavine. It is very tame and docile; and is quill-feathers brown, with yellowish edges; the often kept and paired with the Canary bird, with tail a little forked; the legs gray. This species which it breeds freely. Dr. Kramer informs us migrates into England at certain seasons, but that this bird conceals its nest with great art; does not build. It is frequently found among and though there are infinite numbers of young chaffinches, and sometimes comes in vast flocks. birds in the woods on the banks of the Danube, They are also seen at certain times in vast clouds which seem just to have taken flight, yet no one in France, insomuch that the ground has been could discover it. quite covered with their dung, and more than FRINGY Bazar, a town in the district of 600 dozen were killed each night. They Dacca, Bengal, situated on the western bank of eat various seeds, but are particularly fond of the Dullasery, near its junction with the Megna beech mast. They are said to breed about Lux- River. This town was founded in 1666 by the emburg, making their nests on the tall fir-trees, nabob Shaista Khan, after the reduction of Chitcomposed of long moss without, and lined with tagong, for the residence of a colony of Indian
and feathers within : the ben lays four or Portuguese. Some of their descendants are still five eggs, yellowish and spotted; and the young to be found in the vicinity, but the greater numare fledged at the end of May. This species is ber of them have emigrated to Hooghly, and found more or less throughout Europe; and is other European settlements. During the rainy common in the pine forests of Russia and Si- season the waters of the rivers near swell to an beria, but those of the last are darker in color amazing extent. and less in size.
FRIPPERER, n. s. 7. Fr. fripper, fripperit; F. montiurn, the twite, is about the size of a Frip’pery, n. s. $ Ital. fripperia ; * from linnet. It has the feathers of the upper part of fraporre, cont. of Lat. infra ponere, to piece.'the body dusky; those on the head edged with Thomson. One who deals in old things vamped ash-color, the others with brownish-red; the up: hence frippery either signifies old cloaths, rump is pale crimson; the wings and tail are cast dresses fantastically decorated, or tattered dusky, the tips of the greater coverts and secon- rags. It was formerly applied to the place wbere daries whitish; the legs pale brown. The fe- such merchandise is disposed of. male wants the red mark on the rump. Twites We know what belongs to a frippery. Shakspeare, are taken in the flight season near London, along The tighting-place now seamens' rage supply. with linnets. The name seems to have been And all the tackling is a frippery. taken from their twittering note, and bird Poor poet ape, that would be thought our chief, catchers tell at some distance whether there be Whose works are even the frippery of wit; any twites among linnets, merely from this. From brocage is become so bold a thief, The twite is supposed to breed in the more nor As we, the robbed, leave rage, and pity it. thern parts of Britain.
Ben Jonson. F. Senegala, the Senegal finch, is a very little Lurana is a frippery of bankrupts, who Ey thithe
Horect. bigger than the wren. The bill is reddish, edged from Druina to play their after-game. all round with brown; on the ridge of the upper,
Ragfair is a place near the Tower of Loodna, and beneath the under mandible, is a line of where old cloaths and frippery are sold. brown quite to the tip: the upper parts of the FRISCH (John Leonard), an eminent natubody are of a vinaceous red color; the lower ralist of the last century, was born at Sultzbach parts, with the thighs and under tail-coverts, of in the Palatinate in 1666. He travelled tbmuch a greenish-brown; the hind part of the head and France and Switzerland, and then succeeded to neck, the back, scapulars, and wing coverts, are the preachership at Neusol, in Hungary; but, brown; the tail is black, and the legs are pale being persecuted, left the place, and became, gray. It inhabits Bengal, and feeds on millet. during the Turkish war, an interpreter. He The natives catch them by supporting a large finally settled at Berlin, where he was appointed hollowed gourd, bottom uppermost, on a stick, rector of the Gray Convent gymnasium. He with a string leading to some covered place, and was also chosen, through the recommendation of strewing under it some millet; the little birds, Leibnitz, a member of the Royal Academy of bastening in numbers to pick it up, are caught Sciences, and of the Imperial Academy of the