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which Alexandria was built, but not to the right of pillars indicate the situation of the future of suffrage till long after the second Punic war. halls; and the rising partitions show the form of

FORMICA, in entomology, a genus of insects the intended passages. Upon the plan thus of the hymenoptera order, which have four feelers, traced, they continue building, till they have arwith cylindrical articulations placed at the tip of rived at a sufficient elevation. Masses of moisthe lip, which is cylindrical and membranaceous : tened earth are then applied at right angles to antelnæ filiform, a small erect scale between the the tops of the walls, on each side, and continued thorax and the abdomen; males and females in a horizontal direction till they meet in the with wings; neuters wingless. See Entomo- middle. The ceilings of the larger chambers are

completed in the same manner ; the workers beLa Marck explains the genus somewhat dif- ginning from the angle of the walls, and from the ferently, and by the adoption of his character, tops of the pillars which have been raised in the several of the Linnæan and Fabrician formicæ centre. The largest of these chambers, which are excluded. This writer lays down the essen- might be compared to the town-hall, and is fretial character as follows: antennæ filiform and quently more than two inches in diameter, is broken, the first joint very long; feelers unequal, completed with appareatly as much ease as the the anterior pair longer; mandibles strong; rest. This busy crowd of masons arriving in tongue short, concave and truncated. To this is every direction, laden with materials for the added, as a secondary character, that the abdo- building, hastening to avail themselves of the men is attached to the corselet by a pedicle, rain to carry on their work, and yet observing bearing a small scale, or vertical knob; and that the most perfect order in their operations, must of each species there are three kinds, males, fe- present the most interesting and amusing spectamales, and neuters, which latter are without cle. They raise a single story in about seven wings. The larva destitute of feet.

or eight hours, forming a general roof as a coverThe species, according to Fabricius, are above ing to the whole; and they go on, adding other ninety. See Ant: where we have described at stories, so long as the rain affords them facility some length the habits of this well-known insect. of moulding the materials. We shall, however, bere give a short account FORMIC ACID. It has long been known from Mr. Huber of the masonry and buildings that ants contain a strong acid which they occaof the brown ants :—Their nests are formed of sionally emit; and which may be obtained from parallel or concentric stories, each four or five the ants, either by simple distillation, or by infulines in height; the partitions being about half sion of them in boiling water, and subsequent a line in thickness, and built of such fine mate- distillation of as much of the water as can be rials that the interior appears perfectly smooth. brought over without burning the residue. After On examining each of these stories, we discover this it may be purified by repeated rectifications, chambers of different sizes, having long galleries or by boiling to separate the impurities; or after of communication. The ceilings of the larger rectification it may be concentrated by frost. species are supported by small pillars, sometimes The existence of this acid was first made known by slender walls, and in other cases by arches. by Mr. Ray, in a correspondence with Dr. Hulse. Some cells have but a single entrance ; others The doctor informed him that these insects, when have passages, which open from the story under- irritated, give out a clear liquid, which tinges neath. In other parts, still larger central spaces, blue flowers red; a fact which had been observed or halls, are met with, in which a great number by others. Hence it was found to be an acid, of passages terminate, like the streets and avenues which was tained by bruising the insects, by to a market-place. The whole nest often con- distilling them, and by infusing them in water. tains twenty of these stories above the level of The French chemists obtained the acid by bruisthe ground, and at least as many below it. The ing ants, and macerating them in alcohol. When use of this numerous series of rooms will appear the alcohol was distilled over, an acid liquor rein the sequel. The surface of the nest is co- mained, which saturated with lime, mixed with vered with a thicker wall, and has several doors, sulphuric acid, and distilled, yielded a liquid admitting, in the day-time, free ingress and that possessed all the properties of acetic acid egress. This species of ant is unable to bear This acid has been thought by some chemists, much heat. During the day, therefore, and par- and especially by Margraaf, to be acetic acid, or ticularly when the sun shines, their doors are at least to have a great analogy to vinegar; and closed ; and they either keep at home, or venture by others to be a mixture of acetic and malic out only through the subterraneous passages. acid. A minute examination of it, however, When the dew has given freshness to the nest, sufficiently proves, that it differs very essentially and softened the earthy materials on its surface, from both, whether separate or in conjunction, they begin to make their appearance above quite as much, indeed, as these differ from each ground. On the first shower of rain that occurs, other; it differs in its specific gravity, its effects the whole swarm are apprised of it, and imme- with alkalies, its metallic salts, and its affinities. diately resume their architectural labors. While Thouvenel, on the contrary, contended, that it some are engaged in moving the earth below, is very closely related to the phosphoric, or, as he others are employed in building an additional calls it, the microcosmic; but he has not stated story on the top; the masons making use of the in what the relation or analogy consists. Lister materials furnished by the miners. The plan of affirmed that he had extracted a similar acid from the cells and partitions is first traced in relief on wasps and bees; but Arvidson and Oehrn failed the walls, which are seen gradually to rise, leav- in making the attempt after him, nor has any one ing empty spaces between them. The beginnings been able to succeed since.


This acid has a very sour taste, and continues posed of a fine dry sand. In this he makes a pit liquid even at very low temperatures. Its spe- of the shape of a funnel, or an inverted hollow cific gravity is 1.1168 .at 68°, which is much If he intends the pit to be but small, he denser than acetic acid ever is. Berzelius finds, thrusts down his hinder part into the sand, and that the formiate of lead consists of 4696 acid, by degrees plunges himself backwards into it; and 14 oxide of lead; and that the ultimate and, when he has got into a certain depth, he constituents of the dry acid are hydrogen 2.84 + tosses out the loose sand which has run down carbon 32.40 + oxygen 64.76 = 100.

with his head, artfully throwing it off beyond the M. Dobereiner has recently succeeded (see edges of his pit. Thus he lies at the bottom of a Gilbert's Annales, xi. 107) in forming this acid small hollow, which is widest at the top, and artificially. When a mixture of tartaric acid, or comes sloping down to his body. But if he is to of cream of tartar, black oxide of manganese make a larger pit, more pains are required to and water is heated, a tumultuous action ensues, bring it to perfection. He first traces, in the carbonic acid is evolved, and a liquid acid distils surface of the sand, a large circle, which is the over, which, on superficial examination, was mis- erected base or mouth of the pit he is to make in taken for acetic acid, but which now proves to form of an inverted cone. He then buries himbe formic acid. This acid, mixed with concen- self in the sand near the edge of this circle, and trated sulphuric acid, is at common temperatures carefully throwing up the sand above him, with converted into water and carbonic oxide; nitrate his head, tossing it out beyond the circumference of silver or of mercury converts it, when gently of the circle. Thus he continues his work, running heated, into carbonic acid, the oxides being at down backwards in a spiral line all the way, and the same time reduced to the metallic state. carefully throws off the sand from above him, till With barytes, oxide of lead, and oxide of copper, he is come to the place of his rest, which is the it produces compounds having all the properties point or reverted apex of the hollow cone he has of the genuine formiates of these metals. If a formed by his passage. The length of his neck, portion of sulphuric acid be employed in the and the Hatness of his head, give him a power above process, the tartaric acid is resolved en- of using the whole as a spade, and throwing off tirely into carbonic acid, water, and formic acid; the sand with great ease; and his strength in this and the product of the latter is much increased. part is so great, that he is able to throw off a The best proportions are, two parts tartaric acid, quantity of it to six inches distance. This is a five peroxide of manganese, and five sulphuric power he exerts oftener, however, in throwing acid diluted with about twice its weight of away the remains of the animals he has fed upon, water.

that his den may not become frightful to others FORMICA-LEO, the ant-lion, in zoology, an in- of the same species, by seeing their fellows' carsect so called from its devouring great numbers cases about it. When this insect forms its pit in of ants. It is the caterpillar worm of a fly much a bed of pure sand, it is made and repaired with resembling the libellulæ or dragon-flies. It has, great ease: but where it meets with other subin its general figure, somewhat of the appearance stances among the sand, the labor becomes more of the wood-louse, so that some have mistaken itembarrassing. If, for instance, when the creaat first sight for that animal. It is of a dirty ture has half formed its pit, it comes to a grayish color, marked with black spots; and stone of some moderate size, it does not desert these also appear composed of many points when the work for this, but goes on, intending to reviewed with a microscope. Its body is com move that impediment at last. When the pit is posed of several rings, and has thence a wrinkled finished, the creature crawls backward up the look. It has six legs; four are joined to the side of the place where the stone is, and, getting breast, and the other two to a longer part, which its back under it, takes great pains and time to may be taken for its neck.

Its head is small get it on a true poise, and then begins to crawl and fiat, and it has two remarkable horns: these backwards with it up the edge to the top of the are about a sixth part of an inch long, and as pit, to get it out of the way. It is a very comthick as a hair: they are hard, hollow, and mon thing to see a formica-leo in this manner hooked at the end like the claws of a cat. At laboring at a stone four times as big as its own the origin of each of these horns, it has a clear body; and as it can only move backward, and and bright black eye, which sees very distinctly, the poise is hard to keep, especially up a slope and gives the creature notice to escape on sight of such crumbly matter as sand, which moulders of the smallest object. This creature is not able away from under its feet, and necessarily alters to hunt after its prey, nor to destroy large in- the position of its body, the stone very frequently sects; it can only draw into its snares such as falls down when near the verge, and rolls to the come near its habitation, and of these very few bottom. In this case the animal attacks it again are such as he can manage: all the winged kind in the same way, and often is not discouraged by are able to escape by flight; and the beetle kinds, five or six miscarriages of this kind; but attempts and others that have hard shells upon their bo- again, and at length gets it over the verge of dies, are of no use, as his horns cannot pierce the place. When it has done this, it does not them. The smallness of the ant, and the want of leave it there, lest it should roll in again; but wings in the neuters, make them the destined always pushes it farther on, till it has removed it prey of this devourer.

The manner in which he to a necessary distance from the edge of the pit. catches his prey is as follows :—He usually en When he has finished his pit, he buries himself camps under an old wall, that he may be shel at the bottom of it among the sand, leaving no tered from the injuries of the weather; and he part above ground but the tips of his two horns, always chooses a place where the soil is com- which he expands to the two sides of his pit. In

this condition he lies and waits for his prey. ther life or motion, till the perfect fly makes its When an ant, or any other insect chances to walk way out at a slit in the back. In this last state over the edges of his pit, its steps throw down a it much resembles the libellulæ or dragon-flies, little of the sand, which naturally running down common about our waters. The male couples to the bottom of the pit, gives the enemy notice with the female in this state only; and M. Pouof his prey; he then tosses up the sand which part, to whom the world is indebted for this covers his head, to bury the ant, and bring him curious description, is of opinion that the females down with its returning force to the bottom; lay only one egg; but this is very different from and as one such attempt cannot be sufficient to the course of nature in the other animals of the prevent the ant's escape, he throws more and same class. more sand upon him, till he by degrees brings FORMICHE, a cluster of small fishing islands, him down. All the endeavours of the ant to between the coast of Florence and Corsica. escape, when once it is within the verge of the They are in lat. 42° 40' N., and long. 10° 25' E. pit, are in vain; for as it attempts to climb, the FORMICATION, n. s. From Lat. formica, sand runs away from under its feet, it sinks the an ant. A sensation like that produced by the lower for every attempt. This motion of the creeping or biting of ants. sand also informs the enemy where it is, and One of the signs of this disorder (spasmas) is a directs him to throw up more sand in the right sense of formication. Hill's Medical Dictionary. place; which it does, till the poor ant falls to FORʻMIDABLE, adj.) Fr. formidable ; Lat. ihe bottom between its horns. It then plunges For'MIDABLENESS, n. s. formidabilis, à formithe points deep into the ant's body; and, having For'MIDABLY, adv. Sdo, to fear. 'Terrible; sucked all the juice out of the prey, it throws dreadful; tremendous; to be feared : the last is out the empty skin as far from the hole as it can. its most distinguishing meaning. It is applied This done, it mounts up the edges of its pit, and, to that which is apt to excite fear. The formidaif it has suffered any injury, repairs it with great ble acts neither suddenly nor violently: thus it care, and immediately buries itself again in the differs from dreadful, which is usually considered centre to wait for another meal. The borns of as its synonyme; for the dreadful may act viothis creature are its only organs for receiving lently, but not suddenly: thus the appearance of nourishment; it never brings any animal which an army may be formidable; that of a field of it has seized near to its head, but always holds it battle is dreadful. at the tip of the horns. They therefore plainly

Behold! e'en to remoter shores, serve as syringes, to draw into its stomach the

A conquering navy proudly spread; juices of the bodies of the insects it feeds upon: The British cannon formidably roars. neither is there any mouth or trunk, or any other

Dryden organ 10 be discovered about its head, which They seemed to fear the formidable sight, could answer the purpose of eating; the head And rolled their billows on, to speed bis fight. seeming only intended for throwing away the sand in forming the pit. The horns of this I swell my preface into a volume, and make it foranimal being so necessary to its life, nature has midable, when you see so many pages behind. provided for the restoring them in case of acci

Dryden's Æneid, Dedication. dents; and, if cut off, they are found to grow of their danger, than by a blind embracing it, to perish. .

They rather chust to be shewed the formidableness again.

Decay of Piety. When the formica-leo has lived a proper time

But let fancy muster up all the discouraging circum. in this state, it leaves its pit, and is only seen stances, and set them in the most formidable light, to drawing lines and traces on the surface of the bar your way to a supposed duty.

Mason. sand. After this it buries itself under the sur France continued not only powerful, but formidable, face; and there encloses itself in a fine web, in to the hour of the ruin of the monarchy. Burke. which it is to pass its transformation into the ARNOLD.-Rival! winged state. This case is made of a sort of

CÆSAR.--I could be one right formidable. silk which the creature spins in the manner of

Byron. Deformed Transformed. the spider, and of a quantity of the grains of sand FORMOSA, or Taiwan, an island in the Pacemented together by a glutinous humor which cific Ocean, about 100 miles east of Canton in flows from its pores. This case, however, would China, separated from the province of Fokien' be too harsh and coarse for the body of the crea- by a strait about sixty miles broad. Its most ture, and therefore it serves only for the outer productive portion is subject to the Chinese; covering to defend it from injuries; the creature who, however, knew not of its existence until spinning one of fine silk, of a beautiful pearl 1430. It is about eighty leagues long, and color within it, which covers its whole body. twenty-five broad. A long chain of mountains, When the creature has lain some time in this which runs from north to south, divides it into manner, it throws off its outer skin, with the two parts, the east and west. The Dutch formed eyes, horns, and every other part necessary to its an establishment in the west part in 1634, and life before, and becomes an oblong nymph, in built the fort of Zealand, which secured to them which a careful eye may trace the form of the the principal port of the island; but they were fly into which it is to be transformed. There driven thence in 1659 or 1661, by a celebrated may be seen, through its transparent covering, Chinese pirate, who made himself master of all new eyes, new horns, wings, and all the other the western part, which afterwards submitted in parts of the animal in its perfect state. This 1682 to the authority of the emperor Kang-He." nymph makes its way about half out of the shell, This western part of Formosa is divided into and remains in this condition, but without far- three distinct governments, all subordinate to the



governor of Tai-wan, the capital of the island, with trees, but the island is deficient in water. who is himself subject to the viceroy of the pro- Long. 16° 10' W., lat. 11° 29' N. vince of Fo-kien. This island presents extensive Formosa Bay, a bay on the eastern coast of and fertile plains, watered by a great number of Africa, immediately north of Melinda, and rivulets that fall from the eastern mountains. receiving a small river of the same name, in lat. The air is pure and wholesome, and the soil pro- 2° 45' S. duces in abundance corn and rice, with other FORMOSA, Cape, a cape on the coast of Magrain, and Indian fruits; such as oranges, ba- lacca, thirty miles south-east of Malacca. nanas, pine apples, guavas, papawa, cocoa-nuts; Formosa, Rio, one of the principal estuaries as well as many' of Europe. Tobacco, sugar, which open into the Gulf of Benin, has its mouth pepper, camphire, and cinnamon, are also com- about four miles wide, but does not afford above

The island has few wild animals, except twelve feet average depth of water. The country deer and monkeys, and it is without horses, for some distance up is entirely intersected with asses, or sheep. Bullocks are used in lieu of its branches. The navigation is also often imthe former for labor. The woods abound in peded by floating islands, covered with reeds. pheasants, heath cocks, wild pigeons, &c. The The banks are fertile, and covered with fine climate is healthy and temperate, but the island trees, but the air is extremely damp and unis subject to frequent earthquakes. One of these wholesome. The rise and early course of this happened. in 1782, that almost destroyed the river are unknown; according to Rechard, this island, and either sunk or damaged most of the stream is supposed to be the termination of the ships that were in the harbour.

Niger. No vessel should venture into its mouth Tai-wan is on the west coast, and is very popu- without a pilot. Long. 4° 20' E., lat. 5° 40' N. lous and rich, in all respects resembling the Chi FORMULA, or FORMULARY, a rule or model, nese cities of the Continent. It is defended by or certain terms prescribed or decreed by a fortress built by the Dutch, and still in good authority, for the form and manner of an act, repair. The harbour only admits vessels of eight instrument, proceeding, or the like. feet, and in general the other ports are also, Formula, in church history and theology, shoal, and the navigation obstructed by sands. signifies a profession of faith. The Chinese have sometimes a garrison of 10,000 Formula, in medicine, imports the constitumen on this island. The only natives who are tion of medicines, either simple or compound, allowed to live in the 'towns and villages, peo- both with respect to the prescription and conpled by the Chinese, are either slaves or domes- sistence. tics. The native islanders of this western part FORNELLA, a sea-port of Minorca, six miles have inore than forty villages, mostly situated from Mount Toro. The harbour is capable of towards the northern extremity, built after the containing the largest fleet of merehantmen, and Chinese manner, while those in the southern is defended by three forts. In the neighbourhood parts are merely earthen huts. The inhabitants is a small fishing place of the same name. of the eastern side of the island are described as

FORÔNICATE, v.a. Fr. fornicateur; Lat. savages, without regular government. In their

FORNICA’TION, n. S. fornicatio, fornir, an features and complexions they resemble the FORNICA’TOR, n. s. arch or vault; the usual Malays, but speak a language that has no affi FORNICA'TRESS, N. S. nity to any other. Their cabins are of bamboo, brothels. But some etymologists trace this word

place of the ancient without furniture; their cloathing only a piece to the Gr. Topvn, mepraw, to hire. To commit of cloth wrapped round the waist, and their food lewdness as distinguished from adultery; the one what they procure by the chase. They raise or- being committed with the unbetrothed, the other namental cicatrices on the skin to resemble trees, with the married. In the sacred writings the word flowers, and animals, and blacken their teeth. fornication is metaphorically applied to idolatry. Their religion is an idolatrous polytheism. They dispose of their dead in the same manner as the the harlot, because of thy renown, and pouredst out

Thou didst trust in thine own beauty, thou playedst islanders of the Pacific, exposing the bodies on stages. They are represented as courteous and thy fornications on every one that passed by.

Ezekiel xvi. 15. honest, but very implacable. This latter quality Another circumstance is this, whether it be don in the Chinese have experienced to their cost. fornication, or in advoutrie, or no; in manner of Some of the earlier settlers of that nation massa- homicide or non ; a horrible gret sinne, or smal; and cred the inhabitants of a village for the sake of how long thou host continued in sinne. some ingots of gold they saw there, and though

Chaucer. The Persones Tale. the natives set little value upon gold or silver, Bless me! what a fry of fornication is at the door. they could never be prevailed upon to forgive the

Shakspeare. atrocity. Their chief subsistence is derived from See you the fornicatress be removed ;

Id. the cattle they breed on the mountains, and the

Let ber have needful but not slavish means. fish they catch in the rivers and off the adjacent

A fornicator or adulterer steals the soul, as well as

Taylor. coasts. In 1805 some Ladrone pirates had ac

dishonours the body of his neighbour. quired possession of a great part of the south- adulteries ; for, if there were universal liberty, the in

The law ought to be strict against fornications and west coast of Formosa, which exported a great crease of mankind would be but like that of foxes at deal of grain to the province of Fo-kien in China.


Graunt, Formosa, an island in the Atlantic, near the

It is a new way to fornicate at a distance. Browne. western coast of Africa, about thirty miles long, Our Saviour warns us against these, as a kind of and eighteen broad, one of the Archipelago of spiritual fornication, and inconsistent with that purity the Bissagos. The soil is fertile, and covered of heart which his gospel requires.


FORNICATION (Lat. fornicatio), from the for- the writing, publishing, and circulation of which, nices in Rome, where lewd women prostituted whether out of frolic, or for some pitiful profit, themselves for money. Formerly court-leets had are productive of so extensive a mischief from so power to enquire of and punish fornication and mean a temptation, that few crimes within the adultery; in which courts the king had a fine reach of private wickedness have more to answer assessed on the offenders, as appears by the book for, or less to plead in their excuse. Indecent of Domesday. In 1650 not only incest and conversation and by parity of reason all the rest, wilful adultery were made capital crimes, but are forbidden by St. Paul, Eph. iv, 29. 'Let no also the repeated act of keeping a brothel, or corrupt communication proceed out of you, committing fornication, was (upon a second con- mouth; and again, Col. iii. 8. Put filthy comviction) made felony, without benefit of clergy. munications out of your mouth.' The invitation, But at the Restoration it was not thought proper or voluntary admission of impure thoughts, or to renew this law: and these offences have been the suffering them to get possession of the imagiever since left to the feeble coercion of a spirit- nation, falls within the same description, and is ual court. In the Scriptures, as Dr. Paley condemned by Christ, Matt. v. 28. "Whosoever observes, fornication is absolutely and peremp- looketh on a woman to lust after her, hath comtorily condemned. Out of the heart proceedeth mitted adultery with her already in his heart.' evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, Christ, by thus enjoining a regulation of the &c., these are the things which defile a man.' thought, strikes at the root of the evil.'— Moral These are Christ's own words; and one word Philosophy, vol. 1. from him upon the subject is final. The apostles FORRES, a royal borough of Scotland, in the are more full upon this topic. One well-known parish of the same name, which joins with Inverpassage in the Epistle to the Hebrews may suffice; ness, Fortrose, and Nairn, in electing a reprebecause, admitting the authority by which the sentative in parliament. It is a small well-built apostles wrote, it is decisive. “Marriage and the town, pleasantly situated on an eminence near bed undefiled is honorable amongst all men, but the Findhorn, about a mile from Findhorn Bay, whoremongers and adulterers God will judge;' and commands an extensive prospect. Ancient which was a great deal to say, at a time when it records speak of Forres as a town of considerwas not agreed even amongst philosophers that able note, so early as the thirteenth century. fornication was a crime.' The Scriptures gave It is governed by a provost, two bailies, arid no sanction,' adds this justly esteemed moralist dean of guild, annually elected; and contains 'to those austerities which have been imposed 2400 inhabitants. It has a grammar-school of upon the world under the name of Christ's great repute, besides several private schools. religion, as the celibacy of the clergy, the praise About 300 barrels of salmon are annually exof

perpetual virginity, the prohibitio concubitûs ported. Linen yarn is the chief manufacture. cum gravida uxore; but with a just knowledge Forres lies ten miles west of Elgin, and eight of

, and regard to the condition and interest of east of Nairn. About a mile from Forres, on the the human species, have provided in the mar- left hand side of the road, is a remarkable oberiage of one man with one woman an adequate lisk of the Gothic kind, and supposed to have gratification for the propensities of their nature, been erected in memory of the treaty between and have restrained them to that gratification. Malcolm II. and Canute the Great, in 1008. The avowed toleration, and in some countries the Others have imagined that it was erected in licensing, taking, and regulating of public bro- memory of the assassination of king Duff; and thels

, has appeared to the people an authorising this opinion is conceived to be strengthened by of fornication, and has contributed, with other the discovery of eight human skeletons laid along causes, so far to vitiate the public opinion, that a trench, in a little green mount close by the there is no practice of which the immorality is so obelisk, supposed to be the assassins of the king. little thought of, or acknowledged, although On the declivity of Cluny's Hill, looking towards there are few in which it can more plainly be Sweno's stone, there are obvious remains of exmade out. The legislators who have patronised tensive entrenchments. It is thus described by receptacles of prostitution, ought to have foreseen Mr. Cordiner, in a letter to Pennant :— In the this effect, as well as considered, that whatever first division, underneath the Gothic ornaments facilitates fornication, diminishes marriages. And at the top, are nine horses with their riders, as to the usual apology for this relaxed discip- marching forth in order : in the next is a line of line, the danger of greater enormities, if access to warriors on foot, brandishing their weapons, and prostitutes were too strictly watched and pro- appear to be shouting for the battle. The import

it will be time enough to look to that, of the attitudes in the third division is very after the laws and the magistrates have done their dubious, their expression indefinite. The figures utmost

. The greatest vigilance of both will do which form a square in the middle of the column no more than oppose some bounds, and some are pretty complex, but distinct; four serjeants difficulties to this intercourse. And, after all, with their halberts, guard a company, under these pretended fears are without foundation in which are placed several human heads, which experience. The men are in all respects the have belonged to the dead bodies piled up at the most virtuous in countries where the women are left of the division : one appears in the character most chaste. If fornication be criminal, all those of executioner, severing the head from another incentives which lead to it are access ary to the body; behind him are three trumpeters sounding crime; as lascivious conversation, whether ex- their trumpets, and before him two pairs of compressed in obscene, or disguised under modest batants, fighting with sword and target

. A troop phrases; also wanton songs, pictures, books; of horse next appears put to flight by infantry,


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