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rated from a much larger region, to which it in a direction from north 12 south as far as the previously belonged, and extends nearly thirty- point of Moel yr Accre in the parish of Llananthree miles in length, and, on the average, about mon, where, reaching a further county, they terten in breadth. It is 115 miles in circuit, and minate in the mountain Cefndu in the parish of contains a superficial area of 309 square milęs, Gwyddelwern. No passage is obtainable over no 197,760 square acres.

their heath clad summits, but by the few bwlchs When the Romans invaded Britain, the por- that are to be climbed for the purpose nearly tion of country forming the present county of two-thirds their height, except one opening Flint was comprised in the territory of the Ordo near Bodfari, where a road has been formed from vices. This county, or a certain portion of it, Holywell to Denbigh. The soil of these hills is was long designated under the appellation of of a commixture of clay and gravel, and the arTegangle, or Teigengle, a term that has been sup- gillaceous is the predominant portion. The posed to mean Fair England. After the subju- substrata of this elevated range principally congation of the Ordovices, this district was included sist of calcareous substances. among the portion of the island which constituted The other rivers of this district, as we have intithe region denominated Britania secunda. In mated, are not navigable. The Clwyd having the Saxon dynasty, the whole of what constitutes risen in Denbighsnire, and watered that county, the present county of Flint was brought under enters this in the vicinity of Bodfari, and, taking the domination of those strangers, immediately a northerly direction, empties itself into the Irish after the surrender of Chester to the arms of Sea. The Alun, which land-dives in the vicinity Egbert. It is now in the province of Canter- of Mold, has its fountain head in the same county; bury, and included in the two dioceses of St. and, after a singularly curious route through Asaph and Chester. For the purposes of the Flintshire, re-enters Denbighshire in its course administration of justice, it is placed in the cir- to form a confluence with the Dee. The Terrig, cuit visited by the chief justice of Chester and Wheler, Elwy, &c., form contributary streams his associate; and, for the sake of shrival and which furnish water for the demand of numerous subsidiary order, is divided into five hundreds, mills, and afford, for the table, a supply of varione city (St. Asaph), one borough (the county- ous and delicate fish. town of Flint), and three other market-towns The natural productions of this county are (Mold, Caerwis, and Holywell), and comprises more numerous and valuable than might be extwenty-eight parishes. This county gives the pected in a district of so limited an extent. Its title of earl, conjoined with the county palatine mineralogy has long been an interesting subject, of Chester, to the Prince of Wales; that of vis- and, at a very early period, Flint virtually became count to the family of Ashburton : Greddington a mining county. The mineral line has been is a newly created barony for the family of briefly pointed out by the accurate Pennant, Kenyon. Flintshire sends one member to par- who divides it into two parts, the highland and liament for the county, and one for Flint as the the lowland tracts. The former, he observes, county-town.

commences near Diserth, where the rocky ridge In a comparative view, though this cannot be called Dalor-guch impends over the fertile aracalled a mountainous country, yet both as to ble champaign lands of the Rhuddlan vale. The soil and surface it is considerably diversified. course southward runs through the parishes of Some of its ridges have rather sharp escarpments; Cwm, Tremeirchion, and Caerwys. The small but generally the bills fall in gentle slopes, de- valley of Bodfari occasions an interjacent break scending into fertile vales, through which mean- of continuity; part of the line is again found, der several pleasing and useful streams. From passing through Skeifiog and Nannerch; whence, the shore of the Dee, the only navigable stream, near the town of Mold, it makes a cousiderable the land suddenly rises for three or four miles in detour through the parish of Northop, and then fine equalities, consisting of an argillaceous soil exhibits its front to those of Halkin, Holywell, highly productive in corn and grass. Beyond Whiteford, Llanasa, Gwaenyscor, and Meliden. this, in the vicinity of Halken, a mountainous The second division is separated from the first tract runs for a considerable extent nearly parallel by a deep depression of the previously elevated with the river, the upper parts of which present line of country in the vicinity of Rnos Esmor; a sterile appearance; but the interior is incalcu- and numerous coal and other mines are often lably rich, abounding in minerals, lead, and found in the Hat surface, on the western side of calamine, interspersed with immense strata of the lower portion. With Mold Mountain the land limestone ; and the lower parts are diversified rises again, and the mineral tract takes a southwith well wooded dingles, that, coming from the erly course, as previously stated, through the cwms of the hills, open thetr embouchures to the adjacent county of Denbigh. The central and tide river. The northern part of the county is western parts of the former, extending from in general fat, particularly towards the sea; but Dalar-goch to Rhos Esmor, consist of calcareous yields excellent corn and grass. The eastern strata that produce limestone of excellent quality; part has a line of elevation whose escarpment and, in many instances, approximating to several faces the vale of Clwyd, and forms a bold" fron- kinds of foreign marble. On the eastern side of tier, well known under the denomination of the this tract the composite matter begins to alter, Clwydian Hill, the insolated summits of which, trapping, or rather changing into a mixed sort of Moel Arthur, Moel Fenlli, Moel y Famma, are silicious substance varying as to degrees of purity, onspicuous at

distance. These denominated chert. Below this, iz dark-looking form a chain of varied elevation, commencing at shivery shale, becoming friable when exposed to Prestatyn, on the estuary of the Dee, extending the atmosphere, commences near Rhos Esmor ;

an im

and so far as these decomposable strata occur in limestone strata in immense masses or rocks that larger or smaller quantities, lead ore is found. form the matrices of different ores, useful for Imunediately as the shale disappears, freestone various purposes, but especially for the manuexhibits capabilities for quarrying useful stone; facturing of porcelain and delft-ware : large and rich veins of coal lie subjacent, though at a quantities are sent to the Staffordshire and Shropgreat depth. The coal strata extend to the mar- shire potteries, where it is also used for commigin of the Dee estuary, under whose bed they nuting calcined Aints. Among other kinds of dip, the grass on the opposite side appearing spars, the curious double reflecting species, the again in the peninsulated tract

, constituting the crystallum, vel Spatum islandicum, is not unhundred of Wiral in Cheshire ; and further in frequently found. Petroleum, or rock oil, is the same north-easterly direction beyond the often met with in the limestone strata. Mersey in the county of Lancaster. The sud At Holywell is a fountain dedicated to St. den changes in the strata are as strikingly obser- Winifred, which was formerly believed to be vable, particularly near Nennerct, where the endowed with miraculous medicinal properties, transition is demonstrable at first sight; lime- but the celebrity of the well has suffered great stone rocks forming one side of the vale, and abatement of late years. It is chiefly distinguished ledges composed of shivery shale the other oppo- by its extreme coldness and purity. Part of Flintsing declivity. Both the limestone and chert shire affords good pasturage, together with large are of unknown depth; because neither the natu- harvests of excellent wheat, and other grain, ral fissures, nor the mineral veins that cross them which is principally exported to Liverpool. It in lines of general but various bearings,have hither- is also a considerable breeding county of small to been fathomed. The minerals of those tracts are black cattle. Formerly the inhabitants reared a lead ores of various kinds, and degrees of estimated vast number of bees, and made a liquor from the value; lapis calaminaris, and another species of honey, called metheglin. It is now not much zinc that forms in some processes a substitute used. The principal manufactures are of copper of calamine, known by the miners under the and brass, carried on to a large extent near denomination of black-jack. At one time a green Holywell. Here are made bolts, nails, sheathing lead ore was discovered in the Halken Moun- for vessels, and plates of all descriptions; as also tain, of such an obstinate tenacity as to resist copper pans of large dimensions, for the evapothe reductive force of a powerful blast-furnace ration of salt. These works were established in before it would give out its metal; which the year 1765, and belong to the mining comamounted to about thirteen hundred weight per panies of the island of Anglesea. The other ton. The gravel-ore found in what the miners manufactures are of cotton and pottery. denominate flats, that is, a loose stratum com Flint, in geography, the capital of Flintposed of sand and stones, consists of a kind of shire, in North Wales. It is commodiously seated bolders and tumblers, formed of a mineral on the river Dee; and though it is but a small rounded and polished on the surface by force of place it has a corporation, consisting of a mayor, agitating waters. The lumps are of various sizes, two bailiffs, and inferior officers. In conjunction from that of a hazel nut to pieces weighing several with Rhyddian,Overton, Cærwys, and Cærgerly, tons. The quality is nearly similar to the pot- this borough sends one member to parliament. ters' ore. Lapis calaminaris is found in great The voters, inhabitants paying scot and lot, are quantities, particularly on the eastern side of the about 1200; the returning officer is the mayor county. This generally lies in a matrix of lime- of Flint. It was formerly noted for its castle, stone or chert. It assumes various colors, viz. where Richard II. took shelter on his arrival from yellow, green, red, brown, or black, and is of Ireland; and where he was taken prisoner by different degrees of hardness, and much various the duke of Lancaster. This castle stands close surface: some is reticulated like corroded bones, to the sea on a rock, which in various parts and other kinds appear similar to indurated wax. forms several feet of its foundation. It covers Another species of zinc, pseudo-galena, or about three quarters of an acre, but is now in black-jack, is obtained in large quantities, and ruins. It is 204 miles north-west of Lonis now ascertained to be a fair substitute for cala- don, and twelve miles and a half W.N.W. of mine. The appearance is metalline, and the Chester. color generally a bluish-gray. Coals, it has FLIPP, n. s. A cant word. A liquor much been observed, are found in great plenty, and used in ships, made by mixing beer with spirits the coal district in this county extends in a and sugar. south-easterly direction, commencing at Llanasa, The tarpawlin and swabber is lolling at Madagasthrough the parishes of Whiteford, Holywell

, car, with some drunken sunburnt whore, over a can Flint, and Northop, terminating in Hawarden. of flip.

Dennis. The dip of the veins varies considerably, both as FLIP'PANT, adj. 2 A word of no great auto bearing and inclination; it is in general from Flip'Pantly, udv. Šthority, probably derived one yard in four to two in three. The beds are from flip-flap.-Johnson. From Goth. pleipin, also of different thicknesses, from two feet to five nimble. Thomson. It is applied only to speech, yards, producing coal of several qualities, use and signifies a nimble, flowing, prating, use of the ful in various branches manufacture; as well

tengue; pert; saucy; petulant. as answerable to the demands for culinary pur

Hyde's flippant stile there pleasantly curvels, poses. Canal coal, though not of the first kind, Still his sharp wit on states and princes whets; possesses a very desirable quality for lime-burning, Spain could not escape his laughter's spleen and is found in extensive beds. Chert, the None but himself inust choose the king and queen. Detrosilex of Cronstedt, here accompanies the


An excellent anatomist promised to dissect a wo So hardly he the flitted life does win, mar's tongue, and examine whether there may not Unto her native prison to return.

Id. be in it certain juices, which render it so wonderfully He stopt at once the passage of bis wind, voluble or flippant.

Addison. And the free soul to flitting air resigned. Dryden. Away with flippant epilogues. Thomson. Which fastened, by the foot, the flitting bird.

Id. Æneid. FLIRT, v. G., v. n. & n. s. , From Sax. flicFLIRTA’tion, n. s.

Fear the just gods, and think of Scylla's fate! !cerian; Gothic

Pope. fleira, flygra, to flutter. Skinner thinks it formed Changed to a bird, and sent to flit in air.

He flitted to and fro a dancing light, from the sound. To inove any instrument back

Which all who saw it followed wrong or right. wards and forwards rapidly; putting a lady's

Byron. face in quick motion; hence it has been applied to the state of the mind and feelings indicated Fr. fleche, floche.—Skinner. Icel. flyche, pro

FLITCH, n. s. Sax. flicce; Dan. flycke ; by such movement. Hence a flirt is one who bably from flaka (Goth. fla), to divide. The loves to attract notice; who holds out and employs this or any other signal for admiration. side of a hog salted and cured. It also means a young woman forward and pert. On birthdays, festivals, or days of state,

But heretofore 'twas thought a sumptuous tcast, The verb is likewise used in the sense of jeering A salt dry flich of bacon to prepare ; and gibing.

If they had fresh meat, twas delicious fare. Scurvy knave, I am none of his flirt gills ; I am

Dryden's Juvenl. none of his skains mates.

Shakspeare. He sometimes accompanies the present with a flitch Permit some happier man of bacon.

Addison. To kiss your hand, or flirt your fan. Dorset.

While he from out the chimney took Several young flirts about town had a design to cast A flitch of bacon off the hook, us out of the fashionable world.


Cut out large slices to te frycd. Surift. In unfurling the fan are several little flirts and vi

FLITTERMOUSE, n. s. Vespertilio; from brations, as also gradual and deliberate openings.

Ait and mouse. The bat; the winged mouse. Id. Spectator.

FLITTING, n. s. When waggish boys the stunted besom ply,

Sax. flit, scandal. An To rid the slabby parement pass not by

offence; a fault; a failure; a desert. Ere thou hast held their hands; some heedless flirt Thou tellest my flittings, put my tears into thy Will oversprcad thy calves with spattering dirt.


Psalms. Gay. FLIX, n. s. Corrupted from flax. Down; Before you pass the' imaginary sights,

fur; soft hair. While the spread fan o'ershades your closing eyes, With his lolled tongue he faintly licks his prey; Then give one flirt, and all the vision flies. Pope. His warm breath blows her flix up as she lies :

A muslin Aounce, made very full, would give a She trembling creeps upon the ground away, very agreeable flirtation air.

Id. And looks back to him with beseeching eyes.
Dick the scavenger

Dryder Flirts from his cart the mud in Walpole's face. FLOAT, v. n., v. Q., n. s. & adj. Sax. fleoat;

Swift. Love had made Catherine make each lover's fortune, face of the water; to be buoyant in any fluid,

Fr. flotter. See Fleet. To swim on the surUnlike our own half-chaste Elizabeth,

whether water or air: to cover with water; as to Whose avarice all disbursements did importune,

float a meadow: to let water into dock: to If History the grand liar ever saith The truth; and though Grief her old age might render buoyant on its surface, the ships that may shorten,

be laid up. The noun is applied to any body so Because she put a favourite to death;

contrived or formed as to swim on the water. Her vile ambiguous method of flirtation,

The statue of Venus, glorious for to see,
And stinginess, disgrace her sex and station.

Was naked, fleeting in the large see.

Chaucet. Knightes Tole. FLIT, v. n. & adj. ? Dan. flitter ; and from

At last far off they many islandes spy,

to fleet.
To remove; to

On every side floting the floodes among : ly away ; to flutter; to rove on the wing; to be Then said the knight, Lo! I the land descry : Heet or unstable ; swift; nimble. In Scotland, a

Therefore, old Syre! thy course doe thercunto apply.'

Srenser. Faerie Qucene. cant term for a clandestine abandonment of one

When the sea was calm all boats alike place for another to avoid the payment of rent. Shewed mastership in floating. Shakspeare. For whan that richesse shinech bright,

The hindrance to stay well is the extreme length Love recovereth ayen his light;

of a ship, especially if she be floaty, and want sharpAnd whan it failech he wol flit,

ness of way forwards.

Raleigh. And as she greveth so greveth it.

Thus Satan talking to his nearest mate, Chaucer. Romaunt of the Rose. With head uplift above the wave, and eyes How oft do they [angels] their silver bowers That sparkling blazed , his other parts besides leave,

Prone on the finod, extended long and large To come to succour us that succour want!

Lay floating many a rood.

Milton. How oft do they with goldeo pinions cleave

You will find this to be a very choice bait, someThe flitting skyes, like fying pursuivant,

times casting a little of it into the place where your

Walton. Against fowle feendes to ayd us militant.

float swims. Spenser. Faerie Queche. What divine monstere, O ye gods, were these His grudging ghost did strive,

That float in air, and fly upon the seas ! Dryden. With the frail desh; at last it flitted is,

A passage for the weary people make; Whither the souls do die of men that live amiss. With osier floats the standing water strow,

Id. Id. Of massy stones make bridges, if it Low.


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His rosy wreath was dropt not long before, of sheep, as distinguished from herds, which are Born by the tide of wine, and floating on the floor. of oxen. To gather in crowds, or large numbers


The heathen that had fled out of Judea came t Floating visions make pot deep impressions enough

Nicanor by flocks.

2 Mac. xiv. 14. to leave in the mind clear, distinct, lasting ideas.


A-morwe whan the day began to spring,

Uprose our hoste and wos our aller cok, Venice looks, at a distance, like a great town half

And gaderd us togeder in a flock, Poated by a deluge.

Addison on Italy.

And forth we riden, a litel more than pas Swift they descend, with wing to wing conjoined,

Unto the watering of Seint Thomas. Stretch their broad plumes, and float upon the wind.

Chaucer. Prologue to the Canterbury Tales.

Pope. Even all the nation of unfortunate Now smoaks with showers the misty mountain And fatall birds about them flocked were ground,

Such as by nature men abhorre and hate. And flouted fields lie undistinguished round. Id.

Spenser's Faerie Queene. Descending flames the dusky shrine illume,

She that bath a heart of that fine frame, Fire the wet wood, the sacred bull consume ;

To pay this debt of love but to a brother, Winged from the sea the gathering mists arise,

How will she love when the rich golden shaft And floating waters darken all the skies. Darwin.

Hath killed the flock of all affections else When slowly floating down the azure skies

That live in her. Shakspeure. Twelfth Night. A crimson cloud Aasbed on his startled sight,

Many young gentlemen flock to him every day, and Whose skirts gay sparkling with unnumbered dyes, fleet the time carelessly.

Shakspeare. Launched the long billowy trails of fickery light. Stilpo, when the people flocked about him, and that


one said, The people come wondering about you as if It is a pleasant voyage perhaps to float

it were to see some strange beast. No, saith he, it is Like Pyrrho, on a sea of speculation,

to see a man which Diogenes sought with his lanthorn But what if carrying sail capsize the boat ? at noon-day.

Bacon. You wise men don't know much of navigation.

The world's Great Light his lowly state hath blessed,

Byron. And left bis Heaven to be a shepherd base : The floating robe around him folding

Thousand sweet songs he to liis Pipe

addressed : Slow sweeps he through the columned aisle

Swift rivers stood, beasts, trees, stones ran apace, With dread beheld—with gloom beholding

And serpents flew to hear his softest strains ;
The rites that sanctify the pile.

He fed his flock where rolling Jordan reigns ;
Byron. The Bride of Abydos.

There took our rag3, gave us his robes, and bore our Float is also used for a quantity of timber pains.

Fletcher's Purple Island. bound together with rafters athwart, and put into

Russet lawns and fallows gray a river to be conveyed down the stream; and

Where the nibbling flocks do stray.

Milton. even sometimes to carry burdens down a river.

All these, and more, came flocking; but with looks

Id. Paradise Lost. FLOAT-Boards, boards fixed to water-wheels Downcast and damp. of under-shot mills, serving to receive the im- majesties service, as for making their fortunes.

People do not flock to courts so much for their pulse of the stream, whereby the wheel is car

L'Estrange. ried round. See Milk and Wheel. It is no

France has a a sheep by her, to shew that the riches advantage to have too great a number of float

of the country consisted chiefly in flocks and pasturage. boards; because, when they are all struck by

Addison. the water in the best manner that it can be brought For there is none to covet, all are full. to come against them, the sum of all the impulses The lion, and the libbard, and the bear will be but equal to the impulse made against Graze with the fearless flocks; all bask at noon one float-board at right angles, by all the water Together, or all gambol in the shade coming out of the penstock through the opening, Of the same grove, and drink one common stream.

Cowper. so as to take place on the float-board. The best rule in this case is, to have just so many, that FLOCK, n. s. From floccus ; Gr. plokog. A each of them may come out of the water as soon lock of wool. as possible, after it has received and acted with A house well-furnished shall be thine to keep, its full impulse. As to the length of the float- And, for a flock bed, I can shear my sheep. Dryden. board, it may be regulated according to the FLODDEN, FLOddon, or Flowden, a village breadth of the mill. See Mill.

of England, in Northumberland, on the Till, beFloat-Stone, a sub-species of the indi- tween the Glen and the Tweed, five miles north of visible quartz of Mohs., or spongiform quartz of Wooler. Near it the well-known battle of that Jameson. Color dirty white. In porous, mas name was fought, on the 9th September, 1513, besive, and tuberose forms, and dull internally. tween the Scots, under king James IV., and the Fracture coarse earthy : feebly translucent on English under the earl of Surrey. The command the edges. Soft, but its minute particles are as of the van was allotted to the earl of Huntley; hard as quartz. Rather brittle.. Feels meagre the earls of Lennox and Argyle commanded the and rough, and emits a grating noise when the Highlanders under James; and the earls of Crawfinger is drawn across it. Specific gravity 0.49 Its ford and Montrose led the body of reserve. The constituents are, silica 98, carbonate of lime 2. earl of Surrey gave the command of his van to It occurs in crusting flint, or in imbedded masses his son, the lord admiral; his right wing was in a secondary limestone at St. Ouen near Paris. commanded by his other son, Sir Edward How

FLOCK, n. s. & v. n Sax. flocc; Goth. and ard; and his left by Sir Marmaduke Constable. Teut. flock; Dan. flok, a multitude, à Gr. doxos, The rear was commanded by the earl himself, a trop. A company; usually, a company

of Dacres, and Sir Edward Stanley. Under birds or beasts; sometimes of men; but especially those leaders served the flower of all the nobility.


and gentry then in England. Lord Hume mourned over his body; and it appeared that he served under the earls of Crawford and Mon- had received two mortal wounds, one through trose, and Hepburn earl of Bothwel was in the the trunk with an arrow, and the other on the

The first motion of the English army was head with a ball. His coat of armour was preby the lord admiral, who suddenly wheeled to sented to queen Catharine, who informed her the right, and seized a pass at Milford, where he husband, then in France, of the victory over the planted his artillery so as to command the most Scots. The loss on both sides in this engagesloping part of the ascent where the Scots were ment is far from being ascertained ; though drawn up; and it did great execution. The Polydore Virgil, who lived at the time, mentions Scots had not foreseen this manæuvre; and it the loss of the English at 5000, and that of the put them into such disorder, that the earl of Scots at 10,000. Huntley found it necessary to attack the lord FLOG, v.a. Lat. flagrum. To lash; to whip; admiral; which he did with so much fury that to chastise. he drove him from his post; and the conse The schoolmaster's joy is to flog. Gay. quence must have been fatal to the English, had

FLOOD, n. s. & v.a. ? Saxon, flod; from not his precipitate retreat been covered by some squadrons of horse under the lord Dacres, which Goth. and Swed. flod; Belg. vloed; Fr. fot. A


S Sax. flopan, to flow; gave the lord admiral an opportunity of rallying and new forming his men. The earl of Surrey body of water; the sea; a river; a deluge; an now advanced to the front, so that the English inundation ; flow; flux; as opposed to ebb and army formed one continued line, which galled reflux: the swelling of a river by rain, or any

other cause.

In medical science, catamenia. the Scots with perpetual discharges of their artillery and bows. "The Highlanders, as usual, The verb signifies to deluge; to cover with water. impatient to come to a close fight, and to share Floodgate is an artificial means of admitting, or in the honor of the day, which they now thought excluding, water at pleasure: it is placed across their own, rushed down the declivity with their

a river, or a water-course, for this. purpose; used broad swords, but without order or discipline, generally, for whatever impedes, or introduces, and before the rest of the army, particularly the water, or any other fluid: it is sometimes used in division under loid Ilume, advanced to support

a metaphorical sense. them. Their impetuosity, however, made a con

And whanne he was putt out in the flood, the siderable impression upon the main battle of doughtfr of Pharao took him up and norischide him the English; and, the king bringing up the earl into hir a sone.

Wiclif. Dedis. of Bothwel's reserve, the battle became general

His dominion shall be also from the one sea to the and doubtful : but by this time the lord admiral, other, and from the flood unto the world's end. having again formed his men, came to the assist

Psalm lxxii. 8.

Wherefore, Lord Phæbus, this is my request, ance of his father, and charged the division under the earls of Crawford and Montrose, who (Do this miracle ; or do min herte brest), were marching up to support the Highlanders, which in the signe sbal be of the Leon,

That now next at this opposition among whom the king and his attendants were

As preyeth hire so gret a flood to bring, now fighting on foot; while Stanley, making a

That five fadome at the lest, it overspring circuit round the hill, attacked the Highlanders The highest rock in Armorike Bretaigne, in the rear.

Crawford and Montrose, not being And let this flood enduren yeres twaine. seconded by the Humes, were routed; and thus

Chaucer. The Frankeleines Tale. all that part of the Scottish army which was

Like a great water-flood that tombling low, engaged under their king, was completely sur From the high mountaines, threates to overthrow, rounded by the division of the English under With suddein fury, all the fertile playne, Surrey, Stanley, and the lord admiral. In this And the sad husbandman's long hope doth throw terrible situation, James acted with a coolness Adowne the streame, and all his vowes make vayne ; not common to his temper. He drew up his Nor bounds, nor banks, his headlong usine may men in a circular form, and their valor more sustayne.

Spenser's Faerie Queene. than once opened the ranks of the English, or Yet there the steel staid not ; but inly bate obliged them to stand aloof, and again have Deep in his flesh, and opened wide a red floodgate. recourse to their bows and artillery: The chief

Spencer. of the Scottish nobility made fresh attempts to You see this confluence; this great flood of visiters. prevail with James to make his escape while it

Shakspeare. was practicable; but he obstinately continued When went there by an age, since the great flood, the fight. He saw the earls of Montrose, Craw. But it was famed with more than with one mian?

I. ford, Argyle, and Lennox, fall by his side, with the bravest of his men lying dead on the spot;

What need the bridge much broader than the flood ?

1 Id. and, darkness now coming on, he himself was

By sudden floods, and fall of waters, killed by an unknown hand. The English were

Buckiugham's army is dispersed and scattered. ignorant of the victory they had gained; and

Id. Richard III. had actually retreated from the field of battle,

We seek to know the moving of each sphere, with a design of renewing it next morning. And the strange cause o’the' ebbs and floods of Nile. This disaster was evidently owing to the ro

Daries. mantic disposition of the king, and to the want

His youth, and want of experience in maritime ser. of discipline among his soldiers; though some vice, had somewhat been shrewdly touched, even writers have ascribed it to the treachery of lord before the sluices and floodgates of popular liberty Ilume. Many of James's domestics knew and were yet set open.


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