« ZurückWeiter »
ple; to variegate; to mark with strokes or touches I ne wist not what was adversitee, of different colors; to mark with red whelkes. Til I could fee ful high under the sky. About the peytrel stood the fome full hie,
Chaucer. The Squieres Tale. He wos of fome as flecked as a pie.
O noble, 0 worthy, Petro! glorie of Spaine!
Whom Fortune held so high in majestee,
Wel oughten men thy pitous deih complaine, Nor the grey morning from the ocean rise. Sandys.
Out of thy lond thy brother made thee flee; The grey-eyed morn smiles on the frowning night,
And, after, at a sege, by sotiltee Checkering the eastern clouds with streaks of light;
Thou were betraied, and lad unto his tent,
Wher as he with his owen hond slow thee,
Succeeding in thy regne and in thy rent.
Chaucer. The Monkes Tale. Flecked in her face, and with disordered hair,
But he wos not so hardy to abide Her garments ruffled, and her bosom bare. Dryden.
That bitter stownd, but turning quick aside
His light foot-beast, fled fast away for feare.
Spenser. FLECKEROE, a small island of Norway, near
Macduff is fled to England.
Shakspeare. Christiansand. A narrow strait, about four miles Were men so dull they could not see in length, runs between this island and the con
That Lyce painted ; should they flee tinent and forms an excellent harbour. Long.
Like simple birds into a net,
Waller. 8° 18' E., lat. 58° 4' N.
None of us fall into those circumstances of danger, FLECKNOE (Richard), an English poet in the reign of Charles II. more remarkable as the God alone ; none in all the world to flee to but him.
want, or pain, that can have hopes of relief but from object of Dryden's satire than for any works of
Tillotson, nis own. He is said to have been originally a In vain for life he to the altar fled; Jesuit. When Dryden lost the place of poet Ambition and revenge have certain speed. Prior. laureat, on the Revolution, it was conferred on
FLEECE, n. s. & v.a. 2. Sax. flyr, fles; Teut. Flecknoe, on which Dryden wrote a satiric poem FLEE'CED, adj. vlees; Lat. vellus. The entitled Mac-Flecknoe; one of the best written Flee'cy, adj.
wool of one sheep: to satires in our language, and from which Pope clip the fleece off a sheep. To strip, pull, or plunseems to have taken the hint for his Dunciad. der, as a sheep is robbed of his wool: having Flecknoe wrote some plays; but could never fleeces of wool; woolly. get more than one of them acted.
In an isle that called was Colchos, His works, however, are not altogether con- There was a Ram which that men mighten setemptible. They contain—Heroick Portraits, That had a Flees of Golde that shone so bright with other Miscellaneous Pieces, 1660, 8vo. and That no where was there soche an other sight. Sixty-nine enigmatic Characters, all very exactly
Chaucer. Legende Hypsipyle and Medea. drawn to the Life, from several persons, humors,
-therein all the famous history, and dispositions, Pleasant and Full of Delight, Of Jason and Medea was ywrit; 1665, 12mo.
Her mighty charmes, her furious loving fitt; FLEDGE, v. a. & adj. Dut. flederen, to fly. His gnodly conquest of the Golden Fleece ; Full-feathered ; able to fly; qualified to leave the His falsed fayth, and love too lightly flits; best: to furnish with wings; to supply with
The wond'rous Argo, which in venturous piece feathers.
First through the Euxine Seas bore all the flow of We did find
Spenser. The shells of fledge souls left behind.
And over all of purest gold was spread
Herbert. A trayle of yvie in his native bew;
For the rich metal was so coloured,
That wight who did not well avised it vew, Lay waving round. Milton's Paradise Lost. Would surely deem it to bee yvie trew : The birds were not as yet fledged enough to shift for
Low his lascivious arms adown did creepe, themselves.
L'Estrange's Fables. That themselves dipping in the silver dew The speedy growth of birds that are hatched in Their fleecy flowres they fearfully did steepe, nests, and fed by the old ones, till they be fledged and Which drops of chrystalls seemed for wantones to come almost to full bigness in about a fortnight, seems
Id. to me an argument of Providence.
As when two rams, stirred with ambitious pride, The sandals of celestial mould,
Fight for the rule of the rich fleeced fock, Fledged with ambrosial plumes, and rich with gold,
Their horned fronts so fierce on either side Surround her feet.
Pope's Odyssey. Do meet, that with the terror of the shock FLEE, v. n., pret, fled. This word is now at Astonied both stand senseless as a block. most universally written fly, though properly to
Faerie QueenE fly, fleogan, flew, is to move with wings, and Giving account of the annual increase flee, flean, to run away. They are now con Both of their lambs and of their woolly fleece. founded.-Johnson. Dr. Lowth has noticed that
Hubberd's Tale. our English Bible, generally so correct, has fallen So many days my ewes have been with young, into this confusion. To run from danger; to So many months ere I shall shear the fleece.
Shakspeare. have recourse to shelter. Behold this city is near to flee unto.
I am shepherd to another man,
Id. Truth is fled far away, and leasing is hard at hand. Sailors have used every night to hang fleeces ao
Esdras. wool on the sides of their ships, towards the wato
and they have crushed fresh water out of them in the You speak to Casca, and to such a man mornins,
Bacon's Natural History, That is no fleering tell-tale. Id. Julius Cæsar. Not all the fleecy wealth
Dares the slave That doth enrich these downs is worth a thought
Come bither, covered with an antick face,
Milton. To fleer and scorn ai our solemnity!
How popular and courteous; how they grin and Andromeda far off Atlantic seas.
fleer upon every man they meet!
Burton. Id. Paradise Lost. He shall generally spy such false lines, and such a Courts of justice have a small pension, so that they he shall be sure to have a cast of their eye to warn
sly treacherous fleer upon the face of deceivers, that are tempted to take bribes, and to fleece the people.
South. Let her glad valleys smile with wavy corn ;
Prior. Let fleecy flocks her rising hills adorn.
Do I, like the female tribe,
Think it well to fleer and gibe ? Swift. The good shepherd tends his fleecy care, Seeks freshest pasture, and the purest air;
FLEET, FLET, Flot, n. s. Are all derived Explores the lost, the wand'ring sheep directs.
from the Sax. fleor (Goth. flod), which signifies Pope. bay or gulph. A creek; an estuary; an arm of
the FLEECE, GOLDEN, in the ancient mythology,
sea; an inlet of water.
A provizicial word, was the skin and fleece of the ram upon which after which several streams in this country have
been named: derived from Saxon flora; it signifies Phryxus and Helle are said to have swum over the sea to Colchis; and which, being sacrificed
a company of ships; a navy. The French use to Jupiter, was hung upon a tree in the grove of flotte, and Swed. flota, in the same sense. Mars, guarded by two brazen-hoofed bulls, and This said, the whole fleet gave it their applause, a monstrous dragon that never slept; but was
And all assume your courage in your cause. taken and carried off by Jason and the Argo
Marvell. nauts. Some authors have endeavoured to show
Already were the Belgians on our coast, that this fable is an allegorical representation of
Whose fleet more mighty every day became
By late success, which they did falsely boast, some real history, particularly of the philo
And now by first appearing seemed to claim. sopher's stone. Others have explained it by the
Dryden. profit of the wool trade to Colchis, or the gold They have a very good way in Essex of draining which they commonly gathered there with fleeces lands that have land-foods or fleets running through in the rivers. See ARGONAUTS.
them, which make a kind of a small creek. FLEECE, GOLDEN, ORDER OF THE, a military
Mortimer's Husbandry. order instituted by Philip the Good, duke of Our prayers are heard, our master's fleet shall go Burgundy, 1427; thus named from a represen
As far as winds can bear, or waters flow. Prior. tation of the golden fleece, borne by the knights
The noblest captain in the British fleet on their collars. See diagram. The king of Spain,
Might envy William's lip those kisses sweet.
Gay. FLEET, adj., v. n. & v. a.
Island. fliotur ; FLEET'LY, udv. Sax flotan. Swift FLEET'NESS, n. s.
Sof pace; quick; nimble; active; light. To fly swiftly; to vanish ; to be in a transient state; to skim the water; to live merrily, or pass time away lightly.
Upon that shore he spied Atin stand ;
I take him for the better dog. as duke of Burgundy, is grand master of the
-Thou art a fool : if Echo were as fleet, order; the number of knights is fixed to thirty I would esteem him worth a dozen such. one. It is said to have been instituted on occa
Shakspeare sion of an immense profit which that prince
Many young gentlemen'Aock to him every day, and made by wool; though others will have a che- fleet the time carelessly as they did in the golden
Id. mical mystery couched under it, as that famous age, one of the ancients, which the adepts pretend to
How all the other passions fieet to air, be the secret of the elixir vitæ, written on the As doubtful thoughts, and rash embraced despair!
Id. skin of a sheep.
A wolf, who, hanged for human slaughter, FLEER, v. n. & n.s.? Saxon, flerdian, to
dven from the gallows did his fell soul fleet. Id. FLEER'ER, n. s. 3 trifle; Scot. fleardan.
O fleeting joys Skinner thinks it formed from leer; but the Icel.
Of Paradise, dear bought with lasting woe! flyre, is to joke. To mock; to gibe; to jest with
Milton. insolence and contempt; to leer.
He had in his stables one of the fleetest horses in
For fear, though fleeter than the wind, Shakspeare. Believes 'tis always left behind. Hulibras.
While I listen to thy voice, .
Woodstock park. He early entered the army, Chloris! I feel my life decay:
commanded a regiment of cavalry in 1644, and That powerful noise
afterwards held Bristol for the parliament. Calls my fleeting soul away.
Fleetwood at the battle of Worcester bore the So fierce they drove, their coursers were so fleet,
rank of lieutenant-general, and becoming allied That the turf trembled underneath their feet.
to the family of the protector, by marrying his Dryden.
daughter, after the decease of her first husband, As empty clouds by rising winds are tost, Their fieeting forms scarce sooner found than lost.
Ireton, was by him sent as lord deputy to IrePrior.
land. On the death of Cromwell he joined in He told us that the welkin would be clear inducing his son, Richard, to abdicate. He died When swallows fleet soar high and sport in air. at Stoke Newington shortly after the Restoration.
Gay. FLEETWOOD (William), a learned bishop of an Contemplate mortal! on thy flecting years, ancient family in Laucashire, born in the Tower See, with black train the funeral pomp appears. Id. of London, 1656; be distinguished himself during
Fleet implies, not only a company of ships king William III's reign, by his Inscriptionum of war belonging to a prince or state, but also Antiquarum Sylloge, by several sermons preached a number of trading ships employed in a parti- on public occasions, and by his Essay on Miracular branch of commerce. His Britannic ma- cles. He was designed by king William to a jesty's fleet is divided into three squadrons, viz. canonry of Windsor. The grant did not pass the red, the white, and the blue. When any of the seals before the
death; but the queen the admirals are invested with the command of gave it him, and he was installed in 1702. In a squadron or detachment of men of war, the 1707 he published, without his name, bis Chroparticular ships are distinguished by the colors nicon Pretiosum. In 1708 he was nominated of their respective squadron : i. e. the ships of by the queen to the see of St. Asaph. The the red squadron wear an ensign whose union change of the queen's ministry gave him much is displayed on a red field; the ensigns of the regret. In 1715 he published a pamphlet en. white squadron have a white field; and those of titled, The thirteenth chapter of the Romane the blue squadron a blue field ; the union being vindicated from the abusive senses put upon it. common to all three. The ships of war, there- In 1714 he was translated to the bishopric of fore, are occasionally annexed to any of the three Ely; and died in 1723, aged sixty-seven. He squadrons, or shifted from one to another. Of published several other sermons and tracts, and whatsoever number a fleet of ships of war is was a man of exemplary piety. composed, it is usually divided into three squa FLEMINGIANS, or FLANDRIANS, in eccledrons; and these, if numerous, are again sepa-siastical history, a sect of Anabaptists, who acrated into divisions. The admiral, or principal quired this name in the sixteenth century, because officer, commands the centre; the vice-admiral, most of them were natives of Flanders, by way or second in command, superintends the van of distinction from the Waterlandians. In conguard; and the operations of the rear are di- sequence of some dissensions among the Fleminrected by the rear admiral, or the officer next in gians relating to the treatment of excommurank. The disposition of a fleet, while proceed- nicated persons, they were divided into two ing on a voyage, will in some measure deperd sects, distinguished by the appellations of Flanon particular circumstances; as the difficulty of drians and Frieslanders, who differed from each the navigation, the necessity of despatch, accord- other in their manners and discipline. Many of ing to the urgency or importance of the expe- these in process of time came over to the modedition, or the expectation of an enemy in the rate community of the Waterlandians, and those passage. The most convenient order is probably who remained separate are still known by the to range it into three columns, each of which is name of old Flemingians or Flandrians; but parallel to a line close hauled, according to the they are comparatively few in number. These tack on which the line of battle is designed to be maintained the opinion of Menno with respect formed. This arrangement is more useful than to the incarnation of Christ; alleging that his any, because it contains the advantages of every body was produced by the creating power of the other form, without their inconveniences. The Holy Ghost, and not derived from his mother fleet being thus more enclosed will more readily Mary. See MENNONITES. observe the signals, and with greater facility form FLEMING (A), a poet of queen Elizabeth's into the line of battle; a circumstance which reign, whose history is little known. He was a should be kept in view in every order of sailing. voluminous original writer as well as translator. See Naval Tactics.
Among his most celebrated original works are FLEET, a noted prison in London, where per- A Grove of Graces, supplied with Plentie of sons are committed for contempt of the king and Plants, applicable to Pleasure and Profit; the his laws, particularly of his courts of justice; or Schoole of Skill; the Footepath to Felicitie ; a for debt. There are large rules and a warden Swarme of Bees, with their Honie and Honibelonging to the Fleet prison; which had its name combs, printed together in 1602, 12mo. The from the river or ditch, on the side whereof it Diamond of Devotion, 12mo. The Cundyt of stands.
Comfort, 12mo., and A Memorial of the Almes FLEʻETINGDISH, n. s. From feet and Deeds of William Lamb, Citizen of London. dish. A skimming bowl.
Fleming translated the Bucolics and Georgics of FLEETWOOD (Charles), a general of the Virgil, and some of Cicero's Orations, and parliamentary army in the civil wars, was the Alian's various Histories, into prose; and he son of Sir William Fleetwood, knight, ranger of was the editor of Holinshed's Chronicle.
FLEMMING, or FLEMMINGE (Richard), an of tobacco, and some tanneries. The position of English prelate, born at Croston in Yorkshire. the town, according to trigonometrical observaHe received his education at University College, tions, is, E. long. 9° 27' 40", and N. lat. 54° 47 Oxford, and in 1408 obtained a prebend in York. 18“. He was for a time a zealous defender of the
FLESH, n. . & v.a.) Saxon plesc, flæfc; doctrines of Wickliffe, but he afterwards became
Icel. and Teut. fleisch; a determined opponent of them. In 1442 he
Belg. vleesch ; Swed. was promoted to the bishopric of Lincoln, and FLESH'-DIET, flasch ; from Goth. lijk, soon after was sent deputy to the council of
FLESH'ED, adj. MS. leiki; Teut. leich; Constance, where he greatly distinguished him Flesh'-FLY, n. s.
Sax. lic, a carcass.self by his eloquence. Upon his return to Eng
Thomson. The musland he executed the decree of that assembly, in Flesh'less, adj. cular part of an anidigging up the bones of Wickliffe, and causing FLESH'INESS, n. 8. mal; animal food; anithem to be burned. After this he was nominated
FLESH'LY, adv. mal nature; near relaby the pope to the see of York; but, the king re
FLESH'-MEAT, n. S.
tion: in theology, gross fusing his consent, he was obliged to remain at
or worldly disposition, Lincoln. He founded Lincoln College, and died
gross or literal sense: in 1431.
to flesh is to initiate; FLEMYNG, or FLEMING (Robert), a Scottish
harden; glut; from the presbyterian minister, born at Bathens, in 1630
FLESH'Y, adv. sportsman's practice of and educated at St. Andrews. When about the feeding his hawks and dogs with the first game age of twenty-three he obtained a pastoral charge, that they take, or training them to pursuit by but at the Restoration went over to the continent, giving them the flesh of animals : fleshed is fat; and settled at Rotterdam, where he officiated to well-fed ; also initiated ; accustomed to: fleshithe Scottish congregation, and died in 1694. He ness, plumpness; fullness of flesh: fleshly, corwrote several tracts, but that by which he is best
poreal; animal; human; not celestial or spiriknown is a work entitled The Fulfilling of the tual: fleshment, eagerness arising from partial Scriptures.
success: fleshmonger, one who deals in flesh; a Flemyng, or Fleming (Robert), son of the pimp: flesh-quake, a tremor of the whole frame: above, was born in Scotland. He studied at the other compounds seem obvious in their Leyden and Utrecht, and became minister of an
meaning. English congregation at the former place, whence he removed to the Scottish church at Amster
For I myself desiride to be departed fro Crist for dam. Here he resided several years, and after- my britheren that ben my cosyns aftir the fleisch
that ben men of Israel. Wiclif. Romayns ix. wards went to London, where he officiated to the Scottish church in Lothbury, and was lecturer
The end of all flesh is come before me.
Genesis vi. 13. at Salter's Hall. He died in 1716. He was the author of several sermons and tracts; but,
Let not our hand be upon him; for he is our flesh.
Id. his principal work is entitled Christology, 3 vols.
All that the flesh-hook brought up the priest took. 8vo.
1 Sam. ii. 12. FLENSBOURG, a sea-port town of Denmark,
A spirit hath not flesh and bones. on the eastern coast of the duchy of Sleswick,
Luke xxiv. 39. is perhaps the most opulent and important place They that are in the flesh cannot please God. in the duchy. The streets are narrow, and the
Romans viii. 8. houses are constructed in a substantial and du
Understond ye that both he that selleth and he rable manner. It consists principally of one that byeth thinges spirituel, ben called Simoniactes very long street, the back of which looks towards be it by entel—be it by procuring or by fleshly the harbour, and on that side each house has a praier of his frendes—fleshly frendes or spiritual garden. On the right is the harbour, filled with frendes—fleshly, in two manners as by kindrede or vessels, and every way safe and convenient. It other frendes. Chaucer. The Persones Tale. is narrow close to the town, but the whole bay,
Corrupt manners in living, breed false judgment in called Flensbourg Wisk, is eighteen miles long, doctrine : sin and fleshliness bring forth sects and heand has a sufficient depth for large vessels, well resies.
Ascham, sheltered from wind by the neighbouring
The eternal Lord in fleshly shrine hills.
Enwombed was, from wretched Adam's line, The trade of this town is carried on principally To purge away the guilt of sinful crime.
Faerie Queene. with Norway, Denmark, and Sweden, and consists of brandy, grain, skins, provisions, wines, When strong passions or weak fleshliness and stuffs. The wines and stuffs are from France, Would from the right way seek to draw him wide, England, Spain, and America. The inhabitants He would, through temperance and steadfastness, trade also with Iceland, Greenland, and Finland. Teach him the weak to strengthen, and the strouz
Spenser. The number of commercial houses is from 120 to 130.
Name not religion, for thou lovest the flesh. In 1797 the number of sailors was 1597.
Shakspeare. There are no fewer than 200 establishments for
There is another indictment apon thee, for suffermanufacturing and distilling brandy, and these ing flesh to be eaten in thy house, contrary to the serve at the same time to fatten 4000 head of law.
Id. Henry IV. cattle, and as many of swine. The town also con As if this flesh, which walls about our life, tains several sugar refineries, forty manufactories were brass impregnable.
Id. Richard II.
Harry from curbed licence plucks
The most convenient diet is that of fleshments. The muzzle of restraint: and the wild dog
Floyer. shall flesh his tooth on every innocent.
Her leg being emaciated, I advised bathing it with
Shakspeare. flesh-broth, wherein bad been decocted emollient herbs. The kindred of him that hath been fleshed upon us;
Wiseman's Surgery. And he is bred out of that bloody strain,
Acidity in the infant may be cured by a flesh diet That bunted us in our familiar paths. Id. Henry V. in the nurse.
Arbuthnot on Aliments, I would no more endura
In this prodigious plenty of cattle and dearth of This wooden slavery, than I would suffer
human creatures, fleshmeat is monstrously dear. The flesh-fly blow my mouth. Id. Tempest.
Swift. Was the duke a fleshmonger, a fool, and a coward, And out they spoke for lots of flesh and blood, as you then reported him? Id. Measure for Measure. And who should die to be his fellow's food. Byron. Those fruits that are so fleshy, as they cannot make
Flesy, in anatomy,a compound substance,condrink by expression, yet may, make drink by mixture sisting of the various softer solids of the animal of water.
body, and so denominated in contradistinction And thou, my soul, which turn'st with curious eye
to bones. To view the beams of thine own form divine,
SkimKnow, that thou can'st know nothing perfectly,
FLET, participle passive of to fleet. While thou art clouded with this flesh of mine.
nied; deprived of the cream.
Davies. They drink flet milk, which they just warm.
Mortimer. We say it is a fleshy stile when there is much peri
FLETA, the name given to an unknown phrasis and circuit of words, and when with more writer who lived about the end of the reign of than enough it grows fat and corpulent.
Edward II. and beginning of Edward III., and Ben Jonson.
who, being a prisoner in the Fleet, wrote there They may, blood-shaken then,
an excellent treatise on the common law of Feel such a fleshquake to possess their powers,
FLETCHER, n.s. From Fr. fleche, an arNo harp e'er hit the stars.
Id. New Inn. row.
A manufacturer of bows and arrows. If he takes away the flesh-pots, he can also alter the It is commended by our fletchers for bows, next appetite. Taylor's Rule for Holy Living.
Mortimer's Husbandry. Nothing resembles death so much as sleep;
FLETCHER (Andrew), of Salton, a celebratYet then our minds themselves from slumber keep, ed Scotch political writer, was the son of Sir When from their fleshly bondage they are free. Robert Fletcher of Salton, and was born in 1653.
His father, on his death-bed, left the care of his A fair and juicy fleshiness.
education to Dr. (afterwards Bp.) Burnet, from Much ostentation, vain fleshly arm, And of frail arms, much instrument of war
whom he early contracted an ardent love of liBefore mine eyes thou'st set.
berty, and an aversion to arbitrary government. Id Paradise Regained.
Hence he readily took alarm at the despotic Belial, the dissolutest spirit that fell,
measures of Charles II., and being knight of the The sensualest ; and, after Asmodai,
shire for Lothian, at the time the duke of York The fleshliest incubus.
I. was commissioner, he openly opposed the design.s We mortify ourselves with fish ; and think we fare of that prince. He also assisted lord viscount coarsely, if we abstain from the flesh of other animals. Stair in framing the test act. On these accounts
he became peculiarly obnoxious to the duke; These princes finding them so fleshed in cruelty, as and was at last obliged to flee to Holland, to not to be reclaimed, secretly undertook the matter avoid prosecution. Being cited before the privy alone.
council and justiciary court, and not appearing, Of these he murders one ; he boils the flesh,
Dryden. And lays the mangled morsels in a dish.
he was declared an outlaw, and his estate confis
cated. In Holland he was consulted by the earl 'Tis then for nought that mother earth provides
of Argyle concerning the designs then in agitaThe stores of all she shows, and all she bides,
tion; and in 1681 came over to England, with a If men with fleshly morsels must be fed, And chaw with bloody teeth the breathing bread.
Mr. Baillie, to corcert matters with lord Russel.
Mr. Fletcher managed his part of the negociation
Id. Flesh should be forborn as long as he is in coats, or
with so much address, that administration could at least till he is two or three years old. Locke. find no pretext for seizing him: Baillie was, A complication of ideas together makes
however, condemned to death; and, although ofthe sin
up gle complex idea which he calls man, whereof white fered a pardon on condition of accusing his ur flesh-colour in England is one.
Id. friend, he persisted in rejecting the proposal with The sole of his foot is dat and broad, being very Hague, to promote the opposition to the arbi
indignation. In 1685 Mr. Fletcher went to the fleshy, and covered only with a thick skin; but very trary measures of James II.; but it does not apo fit to travel in sandy places.
It is a wonderful thing in fleshflies, that a fly-mag. pear that he possessed much of the confidence of got in five days space after it is hatched, arrives at its the party. He, however, joined the duke of full growth and perfect magnitude.
Id. Monmouth upon his landing, and received a Every puny swordsman will think him a good tame principal command under him. But the duke quarry to enter and flesh himself upon.
was deprived of his services by the following Government of the Tongue. occurrence:- Being sent upon an expedition, Fasting serves to mortify the flesh, and subdue the and not esteeming times of danger to be times of lusts thereof.
Smalridge's Sermons. ceremony, he had seized the horse of the mayor of