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duke of Buckingham, in the style of Melan. being the birth place of William the Conqueror. Being permitted to retire to the continent, he It has a good trade in serges, linens, and lace; found protection from the abbé de Marolles, in with a famous fair held in Guibray, one of its France; where he formed an acquaintance with suburbs, which begius 28th Thermidor (Aug. Nanteuil. About 1650 he returned to England, 16th) and lasts a week. It is fifteen miles south and soon after married the sister of a captain by east of Caen. Population 14,000. Cround. By her he had two sons: Henry, who FALASHA, a people of Abyssinia, of Jewish was a bookseller, and William an engraver in origin, described by Mr. Bruce, who was at mezzotinto. He painted portraits from the life great pains to acquaint himself with their history. in crayons. He also painted in miniature; and According to the accounts he received, they are his performances were much esteemed. His the descendants of those Jews who came from spirits were broken by the dissipation of his son Palestine into Ethiopia, as attendants of Menilek, William; and a lingering consumption put an or David I., the son of the queen of Sheba by end to his life in 1691. He wrote a work on Solomon. They agree in the relations given by Drawing, Graving, and Etching.

the Abyssinians of that princess (See ETHIOPIA); FAPITOUR, n. s. Fr. faitard; or, as Minsheu but deny that the posterity of those who came thinks, a corruption of faiséur, i. e. a factor, or with Menilek ever embraced Christianity, as the doer, but the Norman Fr. has faitour regularly. Abyssinians say they did. They state that at A scoundrel; a rascal; a poltroon. Obsolete. the decline of the Jewish commerce, when the

To Philemon, false faitour, Philemon, ports of the Red Sea fell into the hands of other I cast to pay, that I so dearly bought.

nations, and no intercourse took place betwixt

Faerie Queeno. them and Jerusalem, the Jewish inhabitants Into new woes unweeting I was cast,

quitted the sea coasts and retired into the province By this false faitour.

Id. of Dembea. Here they carried the art of pottery FAKE, n. s. Among seamen. A coil of to a great degree of perfection, multiplied exrope.

ceedingly, and became very numerous and powFAKIRS, or FAQUIRS, oriental monks or erful, about the time the Abyssinians were confriars. The word is Arabic and signifies a poor verted to Christianity.

As this event was or peedy person. D'Herbelot regards it as syno- accounted by them an apostasy from the true nymous with dervise : and certainly in some religion, they now separated themselves from the Mahommedan countries the religious are called Abyssinians, and declared one Phineas, of the fakirs, in others dervises.

line of Solomon, their king.

Thus they say, These oriental monks are said to outvie the they have still a prince of the house of Judah for severity and mortification of the ancient Ancho- their sovereign. · About A. D. 960 Judith, queen rets. Some of them make a vow of continuing of this people, after extirpating the Abyssinian all their lifetime in one posture, and keep it ef- princes on Damo, assumed the sovereignty of fectually. Others never lie down; but continue the whole empire, which the Falasha retained in a standing posture for long periods of their for some time; but, their power being by degrecs lives, supported only by a stick, or rope under reduced, they were obliged to take up their arm-pits. Some mangle their bodies with sidence among the rugged mountains of Samen ; scourges and knives. They pretend to have one of which they chose for their capital, and conquered every passion, and triumphed over which has ever since been called the Jews' Rock, the world; and accordingly scruple not, as if in About A. D. 1600 they were almost entirely a state of innocence, to appear sometimes en- ruined by an overthrow from the Abyssinians, tirely naked. The people of the east are per- in which both their king and queen were slain; suaded of the virtue of the fakirs; notwithstand- since which time they have been in subjection to ing which, they are accused of committing the the emperors of that country, but are still gomnost enormous crimes in private.

verned by their own princes. One set or sect of fakirs, who do not practise When Mr. Bruce was in Abyssinia the Falasha. such severities, travel together, from village to were supposed to amount to about 100,000 efvillage, prophesying, and telling fortunes. They fective men. Gideon and Judith were the names make use of drums, trumpets, and other musical of the king and queen at that time. The laninstruments, to rouse themselves and their au- guage of this people is very different from the ditors to an artificial ecstasy: and their votaries Hebrew, Samaritan, or any other which the Jews are said to consult them in the most indecent ever spoke in their own country. On being inattitudes. They are so indulgent towards every terrogated concerning it, by Mr. Bruce, they living creature, that they suffer themselves to be said, that it was probably one of those spoken by Over-run with vermin, or stung by insects, with- the nations on the Red Sea, among whom they out the least reluctancy or complaint: but it is had settled at their first coming. They arrived more than probable, that they lull their senses in Abyssinia it is said speaking Hebrew, and by opiates in order to render themselves insensi- with the advantage of having books in that lanble to the excessive torments they undergo. guage; but had now forgot it, and were entirely The garment of the chief fakirs distinguishes them ignorant of the art of writing. At the time of from the rest. Some persons of considerable rank their leaving Judea they were in possession both in India have become fakirs : and D'Herbelot of the Hebrew and Samaritan copies of the law; estimates the number at about 2,000,000. but when their fleet was destroyed in the time of

FALAISE, a town of France, in Lower Nor- Rehoboam, and no farther communication with mandy, having still, in the ruins of its castle, Jerusalem took place, they were obliged to use one of the finest towers in France; famous for translations of the Scriptures, or those copies

their re


which were in the possession of the shepherds, who, are not gregarious; and the females are larger they say, were all Jews, before the time of Solo- than the males. The legs and feet are scaly;

On being asked, however, where the the claws large, strong, very sharp, and much shepherds got their copy, and being told, that, hooked. Gmelin divides this genus into four notwithstanding the invasion of Egypt by Nebu- sub-genera, or less divisions; which Kerr has chadnezzar, there was still a communication with reduced to three, by including the G. serpentarius Jerusalem, by means of the Ishmaelite Arabs in the second subgenus, because it has some rethrough Arabia, they frankly acknowledged that lation to the vultures. These three sub-genera they could not tell ; neither had they any memo- are, 1. Gypæti, bastard eagles; 2. Aquilæ, rials of the history either of their own or any Eagles; and 3. Falcones, falcons and hawks. other country; all that they believed in this case 1. The Gypæti comprehend nine species and being derived from mere tradition, their histories, two varieties which have the bill-hooked only if any existed, having been destroyed by the towards the point, and its base garnished with a famous Moorish captain, Gragné. (See Etui- beard of longish extended bristles This sub-genus opia). They say, that the first book of Scripture holds a middle rank between the vultures and they ever received was that of Enoch; and they eagles; the head is not so naked as in the former, place that of Job immediately after it, supposing and the bill not so much hooked as in the latter; that patriarch to have lived soon after the flood. like eagles they prey on living animals, but like They have no copy of the Old Testament in vultures they also devour dead carrion. Hence they the Falasha language, what they make use of have been hitherto ranked by some authors with being in that of Geez. This is sold to them by the one genus, and by others with the other. 2. the Abyssinian Christians, who are the only The Aquilæ comprehend forty-one species and scribes in that country. No difference takes seven varieties, which are larger in size than place about corruptions of the text; nor do the those of the third sub-genus, and have their legs Falasha know any thing of the Jewish Talmud, for the most part rough. They differ from the Targum, or Cabala.

gypæti in preying on living animals, while the FALCA'DE, n. s. Lat. falt, falcis. A latter prefer dead carcases. They can abstain Falca'ted, adj. sickle: a crooked motion long from food, though very voracious. Their

Falca'tion, n. s. or bend: hooked ; bent gastric juice is very acrid, yet they are killed by like a reaping-hook or scythe : crookedness. eating bread. 3. The Falcones are less in size The locusts have antennæ, or long borns before, naked. But in other respects, the limits between

than the aquilæ, and their legs are universally with a long falcation or forcipated tail behind. Browne.

The enlightened part of the moon appears in the the falcons and hawks, and the eagles, are by form of a sickle, or reaping-hook, which is while she means well ascertained. This sub-genus is moving from the conjunction to the opposition, or comprehends eighty-six species, and thirty-two from the new moon to the full ; but, from full to a varieties : making in all no fewer than 136 spenew again, the enlightened part appears gibbous, and cies, and forty-one varieties, in the whole genus. the dark falcated.

Harris. Of these (as our room permits us not to enumeA horse is said to make falcades when he throws rate the whole) we shall describe a few of the himself upon his haunches two or three times, as in

most remarkable : very quick curvets ; therefore a falcade is that action

1. F. æruginosus, the moor buzzard, greenish of the haunches and of the legs, which bend very low, when you make a stop and half a stop.

cere, a grayish body, the top of the head, nape Farrier's Dictionary.

of the neck, and legs, yellowish; is a native of FA'LCHION, n. S. Fr. fauchon ; Lat. falr: heaths; it never soars like other hawks; but

Europe, and frequents moors, marshy places, and A short crooked sword ; a scimitar.

commonly sits on the ground or on small bushes. I've seen the day, with my good biting falchion, It makes its nest in the midst of a tuft of grass I would have made them skip : I am old now.

or rushes. It is a very fierce and voracious

Shakspeare. Old falchions are new tempered in the fires;

bird ; and is a great destroyer of rabbits, young

wild ducks, and other water fowl. It also preys The sounding trumpet every soul inspires.

Dryden's Æneid.
What sighs and tears

2. F. apivorus, the honey buzzard of Ray, Hath Eugene caused ! how many widows curse

has black cere, yellow legs half naked, the head His cleaving falchion.

Philips. of an ash color, and having an ash-colored Have moments, hours, and days, so unprepared, stripe on the tail, which is white at the end. It That you might' brain them with their lady's fan ;' had its name from the combs of bees being And sometimes ladies hit exceeding hard,

found in its nest. It is a native of Europe, and And fans turn into falchions in fair bands,

feeds on mice, lizards, frogs, bees, &c. It runs And why and wherefore no one understands. Byron.

very swiftly. FALCO, in ornithology, a genus of birds, be 3. F. aquila chrysaetos, the golden eagle, longing to the order of accipitres. The characters weighs about twelve pounds, and is about three are these : The bill is hooked at the end, and feet long, the wings when extended measuring covered at its base with a cere, or naked mem seven feet four inches. The sight and sense of branous skin; the head is covered with feathers, smelling are very acute: the head and neck are which lie close on each other; the tongue is clothed with narrow, sharp-pointed feathers, of a often cleft. This is a rapacious carnivorous race deep brown color bordered with tawny; the of animals, feeding almost entirely on animal hind part of the head is of bright rust color. food; they are very quick-sighted ; generally fly These birds are destructive to fawns, lambs, kids, bigh, and build their nests in lofty places. They and all kinds of game; particularly in the breed


on fish.

ing season, when they bring a vast quantity of trussed his claws and carried them off; skimming prey to their young. Smith, in his history of slowly along the ground as he had come, till he Kerry, relates, that a poor man in that country disappeared behind a cliff. But being observed obtained a comfortable subsistence for his family, at his departure to look wistfully at the large during a summer of famine, out of an eagle's piece, which remained in the warm water, it was Dest, by robbing the eaglets of the food the old concluded that he would soon return; in expecones brought; whose attendance he protracted tation of which Mr. Bruce loaded a rifle gun beyond the natural time, by clipping the wings with ball, and sat down close to the platter by and retarding the flight of the former. In order the meat. It was not many minutes before le to extirpate these pernicious birds, there was came, and a prodigious shout was raised by the formerly a law in the Orkney isles, which entitled attendants,‘ Te is coming, he is coming !' enough every person that killed an eagle to a hen out of to have discouraged a less courageous animal. every house in the parish where it was killed. Whether it was not quite so hungry as at the Eagles seem to give the preference to the carcases first visit, or suspected something from Mr. of dogs and cats. Those who formerly made it Bruce's appearance, it made a small turn, and their business to kill these birds, fired the instant sat down about ten yards from him, the pan

with they alighted; for the eagle at that moment looks the meat being between them. In this situation about before she begins to prey. Yet, quick as Mr. Bruce fired, and shot him with the ball her sight may be, her sense of hearing seems through the middle of his body about two inches still more exquisite. If hooded crows or ravens below the wing, so that he lay down upon the happen to be nearer the carrion, and resort to it grass without a single Autter. Upon laying hold first, and give a single croak, the eagle instantly of his monstrous carcase, our author was not a repairs to the spot. These eagles are remarkable little surprised at seeing his hands covered and for their longevity, and for sustaining a long ab- tinged with yellow dust. Upon turning him stinence from food. Mr. Keysler relates, that upon his belly, and examining the feathers of his an eagle died at Vienna after a confinement of back, they produced a brown dust, the color of 104 years. This length of days seems alluded to the feathers there. This dust was not in small by the Psalmist, Thy youth is renewed like the quantities; for, upon striking his breast, the Eagle's.' One of this species, which was nine yellow powder flew in greater quantity than years in the possession of Owen Holland Esq. of froin a hair dresser's powder puff. The feathers Conway, lived thirty-two years with the gentle of the belly and breast, which were of gold color, man who made him a present of it; but what its did not appear to have any thing extraordinary age was, when the latter received it, from Ireland, in their formation, but the large feathers in the is unknown. The same bird also furnishes us shoulders and wings seemed apparently to be fine with a proof of the truth of the other remark; tubes, which upon pressure scattered this dust having once, through the neglect of servants, upon the finer part of the feather; but this was endured hunger for twenty-one days without any brown, the color of the feathers of the back. sustenance whatever. It is perhaps proper bere Upon the side of the wing, the ribs, or hard part to notice a very singular variety of the golden of the feather, seemed to be bare as if worn, or, eagle, described by Mr. Bruce, in his travels in in our author's opinion, were rather renewing Abyssinia; for, whether it properly belongs to themselves, having before failed in their function. this species or not, we do not find that it has been What is the reason of this extraordinary provias yet either arranged under any other, or ranked sion of nature, Mr. Bruce does not attempt to as a different genus.

Mr. Bruce says, it not determine. But, as it is an unusual one, it is only the largest of the eagle kind, but the largest probably meant, he thinks, for a defence against bird that flies. By the natives it is vulgarly the climate in favor of those birds, which live in called ahon duchen, or father long-beard. It is those almost inaccessible heights of a country, not an object of any chase, nor stands in need of doomed even in its lower parts to several months any stratagem to bring it within reach. Upon of excessive rain. This bird, from wing to wing, the highest top of mount Lamalmon, while Mr. was eight feet four inches; from the tip of his tail to Bruce's servants were refreshing themselves the point of his beak, when dead, four feet seven after their toilsome ascent, and enjoying the inches. He was remarkably short in the less, pleasure of a most delightful climate, eating being only four inches from the joining of the their dinner in the open air with several large foot to where the leg joins the thigh, and from dishes of boiled goat's flesh before them, this the joint of the thigh to the joining of his body noble bird suddenly made its appearance; he six inches. The thickness of his thigh was little did not stoop rapidly from a height, but came less than four inches; it was extremely muscular fying slowly along the ground, and sat down and covered with Alesh. His middle claw was close to the meat within the ring the men had about two inches and a half long, not very sharp made round it. A great shout, or rather cry of at the point, but extremely strong. From the distress, which they raised, made the bird stand root of the bill to the point was three inches and for a minute as if to recollect himself, while the a quarter, and one inch and three-quarters in servants ran for their lances and shields. His breadth at the root. A forked brush of strong attention was fully fixed upon the flesh. He put hair, divided at the point into two, proceeded his foot into the pan where was a large piece in from the cavity of his lower jaw at the beginning water nearly boiling; but, feeling the smart, he of his throat. "His eye was remarkably small in withdrew it, and forsook the picce which he held. proportion to his bulk, the aperture being There were two large pieces, a leg and a shoulder, scarcely half an inch. The crown of his head, anil lying upon a wooden platter; into these he the front where the bill and skull joined, were bald.

4, F. aquila fulvus, the tawny eagle or white so great toat the young eagles appeared no larger tailed eagle of Edwards, has the whole plumage than pigeons. After placing us in a secure situaof a dusky brown: the breast marked with trian- tion on a projecting ledge of the rock, that comgular spots of white, but which are wanting in manded a view of the scene of action, Tomson the British kind : the tail is white, tipt with left us, carrying his rope in his hand, and disapblack; but in young birds dusky, blotched with peared for upwards of half an hour; when, to white: the legs are covered to the toes with soft our great joy, we discovered him creeping on his rust-colored feathers. These birds inhabit Hud- hands and knees up the spiry fragment, on which son's Bay, and northern Europe as far as Dron- lay the unfledged eaglets; when, knowing he theim. They are found on the highest rocks of was then in our sight, he knelt on the top, and the Uralian chain, where it is not covered with looking towards us, waved his hat. At this time wood; but are most frequent on the Siberian, it was impossible to see the situation he was in where they make their nests on the loftiest rocks. without trembling for his safety; the slender They are inferior in size to the sea eagle; but are point of the rock on which be knelt was at least spirited, and docile. The Tartars train them for 800 feet above the surges of the Atlantic, which the chase of hares, foxes, antelopes, and even with unbroken violence were foaming beneath wolves. The use is of considerable antiquity; him. Yet he deliberately took from his pocket for Marco Polo, the great traveller of 1269, ob a cord, and tying the wings of the young birds, served and admired the diversion of the great who made some resistance with their bills and cham of Tartary; who had several eagles, which talons, he put them into a basket, and began to were applied to the same purposes. The Tartars descend, and in a few minutes the overhanging also esteem the feathers of the tail as the best for masses of stone hid him from our view. The pluming their arrows. This species is frequent old birds were in sight during the transaction, in Scotland; where it is cælled the black eagle, and made no attempt to defend their young; but, from the dark color of its plumage. It is very soaring about a quarter of a mile above, occadestructive to deer, which it will seize between sionally uttered a short shrill scream, very difthe horns; and, by incessantly beating it about ferent from their usual barking noise. Had they the eyes with its wings, soon makes a prey of the attempted a rescue, the situation of the climber harassed animal. The eagles in the isle of Rum would have been extremely dangerous, as the have nearly extirpated the stags that used to slightest deviation or false step would have preabound there. They generally build in clests of cipitated him into eternity, a misfortune that a rocks near the deer forests; and make great havoc few years since befel his brother on the same among them, the white hares, and the ptarmigans. spot, when in his company. Willoughby gives the following curious account • After waiting in a most painful state of susof the rest of this species. •In 1668, in the pense for near an hour, our climber suddenly woodlands near the river Darwent, in the peak made his appearance, and, laughing, presented of Derbyshire, was found an eagle's nest made his prize.' of great sticks, resting one end on the edge of a 5. F. aquila Groenlandicus, the falco fuscus rock, the other on two birch-trees; upon which of Latham, the dusky falcon of Pennant, or was a layer of rushes, and over them a layer of Greenland eagle, has dusky irides ; lead-colored heath, and upon the heath rushes again ; upon cere and feet; brown crown, marked with irrewhich lay one young one and an addle egg; and gular oblong white spots; whitish forehead, by them a lamb, a hare, and three heath poults. blackish cheeks; the hind part of the head and The nest was about two yards square, and had throat white; breast and belly of a yellowish no hollow in it.

white, striped downwards with dusky streaks; The following account of the capture of four the back dusky, tinged with blue; the ends of the young of this species, when about three weeks feathers lightest, and sprinkled over with a few old, is given by Mr. Bullock :- On the 10th of white spots

, especially towards the rump; the June, 1812, they were seen in their aëry on the wings of the same colors, variegated with white treinendous cliff called the West Craigs, in the and black; the upper part of the tail dusky Isle of Hoy (one of the Orkneys), the towering. crossed very faintly with paler bars, the under rocks of which rise to the perpendicular height side whitish. They inhabit all parts of Greenof 1200 feet from the sea. "About one-third of land, from the remotest hills to those which imthe way down this awful abyss a slender-pointed pend over the sea ; and are even seen on the rock prejected from the cliff, like the pinnacle of islands of ice remote from shore. They retire a Gothic building; on the extremity of this is a in the breeding season to the farthest part of the hollow, scarcely of sufficient size for the purpose country, and return in autumn with their young. for which these birds had fixed on it, i.e. as a place They breed in the same manner as the cinereous of security for rearing their young; the situation eagle, but in more distant places; and lay from was such as almost to defy the power of man to three to five eggs. The tail of the young is black, molest their habitation; yet with the assistance of with great brown spots on the exterior webs. a short slender rope made of twisted hogs' They prey on ptarmigans, auks, and all the small bristles, did the well-known adventurous climber, birds of the country. They have frequent disor Rocksman, Woolley Tomson,' traverse thé putes with the raven, but seldom come off victors; face of this frightful precipice, and for a trifling for the raven, on being attacked, flings itself on remuneration brought up the young birds. its back; and either by defending itself with its

• After a fatiguing scramble up the sides of the claws, or by calling, with its croaking, numbers mountains, we arrived at the place from whence of others to its help, obliges the eagle to retire. we could see the aëry beneath ; the distance was The Greenlanders use the skin for their inner

garinents ; the wings for brushes; the feet for varied with oval white spots; the primaries amulets; but seldom eat the flesh, unless com. dusky, the ends of the greater white; the breast. pelled by hunger.

and belly are of a deeper color than the rest 6. F. aquila haliætos, the balbuzard of Buf- of the plumage, streaked downwards with fon, the osprey of Pennant and Latham, or dull yellow; the tail is dark brown, tipped the fishing-hawk of Catesby, weighs three pounds with dirty white; the legs are feathered to the and a quarter; it measures from one tip of the feet, which are yellow. The length of the bird wing to the other five feet and a half, but is is two feet. This species is found in many parts hardly two feet long. The bill is black, with a of Europe, but not in Scandinavia; is frequent blue cere; the iris of the eye is yellow, and the in Russia and Siberia ; and extends even to crown of the head brown, with a mixture of Kamptschatka. It is less spirited than other wbite feathers; from each eye backwards runs a eagles, and is perpetually making a plaintive brown stripe; the back, wings, and tail, are of noise ; from which it was styled by the ancients a dark brown; the throat, neck, and belly, white; planga; and anataria, from its preying on ducks, the legs and feet are rough and scaly, and of a which Pliny describes with great elegance. Lib. pale blue color; the talons are black, and nearly X. c. 3. The Arabs used to train it for the of an equal size ; the feathers of the thighs, con- chase; but its quarry was cranes and other birds; trary to others of the hawk kind, are short, and the more generous eagle being flown at anteadbere close to them, for the more easily pene- lopes and various quadrupeds. This species was trating the water. Notwithstanding this bird is itself an object of diversion, and made the prey so persecuted by the bald eagle, yet it always of even so small a bird as the sparrow-hawk; keeps near its haunts. It is very quick-sighted, which would pursue it with great eagerness, and will see a fish near the surface from a great soar above, then fall on it, and, fastening with its distance, descend with prodigious rapidity, and talons, keep beating it about the head with its carry the prey with an exulting scream high into wings, till they both fell together to the ground. the air. Sometimes the bird perishes in taking Sir John Chardin saw this practised about, its prey; for, if it chances to fix its talons in an Tauris. overgrown fish, it is drawn under water before it 9. F. aquila milvus, the kite, is a native of , can disengage itself, and is drowned.

Europe, Asia, and Africa. This species gene7. F. aquila leucocephalus, the bald eagle of rally breeds in large forests or woody mountainCatesby and Latham, and the white-headed ous countries. Its nest is composed of sticks, eagle of Pennant, is ash-colored, with the head lined with several odd materials, such as rags, and tail white; the iris of the eye is white, over bits of Aannel, ropes, and paper. It lays two, which is a prominence covered with a yellow or at most three eggs; which, like those of other skin; the bill and cere are yellow, as well as the birds of prey, are much rounded and blunt at legs and feet ; and the talons are black. Though the smaller end. They are white, spotted with it is only three feet long, it weighs nine pounds, dirty yellow. Its motion in the air distinguishes is strong and full of spirit, preying on lambs, it from all other birds, being so smooth and even pigs, and fawns. They always make their nests that it is scarce perceptible. Sometimes it will near the sea or great rivers, and usually upon remain quite motionless for a considerable space; old pine or cypress trees, continuing to build at others glide through the sky without the least annually on the same tree till it falls Though apparent action of its wings; from thence dehe is so formidable to all birds, yet he suffers riving the old name of glede, from the Saxon them to build near his nest without molestation; glida. They inhabit the north of Europe, as particularly the fishing-hawk, herons, &c., which high as Jarisberg, in the south of Norway ; but all build on high trees. The nests are very large do not extend farther. They quit Sweden in and very fetid by reason of the relics of their flocks at the approach of winter, and return in. prey. Lawson says, they breed very often, laying spring. Some of them winter about Astrakan, again under their callow young; whose warmth but the greater part are supposed to retire into hatches the eggs. In

Bhering's Isle they make Egypt, being seen in September passing by Contheir nests on the cliffs nearly six feet wide and stantinople in their way from the north; and one thick; and lay two eggs in the beginning of again in April returning to Europe, to shun the July. This species inhabits Europe, but is more great heats of the east. They are observed in. common in America. It feeds also on fish. vast numbers about Cairo, where they are exThis, however, it does not procure for itself; tremely tame, and feed even on dates, probably but, sitting in a convenient 'spot, watches thé for want of other food. They also breed there'; diving of the osprey in the water after a fish, so that, contrary to the nature of other rapacious which, the moment it has seized, the bald eagle birds, they increase and multiply twice in the follows close after, when the osprey is glad to year; once in the mild winters of Egypt, and a Escape by dropping the fish from his bill; and second time in the summers of the north. They such is the dexterity of the eagle, that it often appear in Greece in the spring. In Britain they seizes the prey before it can fall to the ground. are found the whole year. Lord Bacon observes, Catesby says, the male and female are much that when kites Aly high, it portends fair and dry alike.

weather. Kerr enumerates three varieties of this 8. F. aquila maculatus, the spotted eagle of species, viz. the Siberian, Russian, and Jaic kites. Latham and Catesby, and crying eagle of Pen 10. F. aquila ossifragus, the osprey, or sea pant, has a dusky bill and yellow cere; the co- eagle, with yellow cere, and half-feathered lor of the plumage is a ferruginous brown; the legs; is about the size of a peacock; the feacoverts of the wings and scapulars are elegantly thers are white at the base, irun-colored in the

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