Abbildungen der Seite



chants and negociants of the neighbouring king- parently endless continuation of convulsive ruin, doms, for transacting affairs and settling accounts. covered by the waters beneath the promontory. 4. The fairs of Riga, two in the year; in May Upon this region of desolation, on the shore, and September, much frequented by the English, enormous debris, either assuming the character Dutch, and French ships, as also from all parts of rude columnisation, or in a perfectly shapeof the Baltic. The best time for the sale of goods less mass, whose weight is calculated at from 4000 at Riga is during the fairs. Since the building to 5000 tous, are thrown together in all the savage of Petersburg, these fairs have suffered some di- sublimity of which we can conceive the wildest minution. 5. Fair of Archangel, during which scenes in nature capable. all the trade foreigners have with that city is The scene just now described is discovered managed. It holds a month, or six weeks, com- below the feet of the traveller, as he cautiously mencing in the middle of August. The Musco- paces along the brink of the precipice. The vite merchants attend here from all parts of that surface upon which he treads, upon examination, vast empire; and the English, Dutch, French, Swe- will be found to consist of a regular pavement, dish, Danish, and other ships iu the port of that formed of the extremities of enormous prismatic city, on this occasion, ordinarily amount to 300. masses, composing the precipice, perfectly deBut this is not a free fair as the rest are: The nuded and completely level. These prisms vary duties of exportation and importation are very in form; some are quadrilateral, and appear to strictly paid, and on a high footing. 6. The fair be composed of a congeries of smaller prisms, of St. Germain, near Paris, commencing the 3d aggregated in such a way as to suggest very obof February, and holding till Easter, though it is viously the clustered assemblage of shafts, which only free for the first fifteen days. 7. The fairs occur in the formation of a Gothic column. In of Lyons, which M. de Chesne, in his An- tracing the summit of this bold head, several tiquity of Cities, alleges, from a passage of Stra- natural curiosities are pointed out; the first, to bo, were established by the Romans; though the the west, is a fissure in the face of the precipice, fairs, as they now stand, are of a much later date. called Fhir Leith, or the Gray Man's Path: the There are three in the year, each lasting twenty entrance to the pass, at the top, is extremely days, and free for ever. They begin on Easter narrow; and formerly, a joint of green-stone, Monday, the 26th of July, and the 1st of De- which had fallen across it, formed a sort of nacember. 8. Fair of Guibray, a suburb of Fa- tural gate, through which the bold enquirer delaise, said to have been established by William scended; entering, next, a gradually expanding the Conqueror, who was born at Falaise. It passage, which leads to the chaotic heaps, at the commences on the 16th of August; and holds base of the great colonnade. The natural archififteen days free by charter, and longer by cus- trave has lately fallen down, and quite choked up tom. 9. Fair of Beaucaire, held partly in the the passage. There are one or two similar chasms city of that name, and partly in the open country, along the summit, which have frequently proved under tents, &c. It commences on the 22d of fatal to the cattle left pasturing upon the headJuly, and only holds for three days; yet it is the land. There are several places, along the brink greatest and most celebrated of all the fairs in of the precipice, where the guide directs his folthat part of Europe, both for the concourse of lowers to lie flat upon the ground, and cast the strangers from all parts of the world, and for the eye down perpendicularly to the foot of the cotraffic of all kinds of goods : the money returned lumn, a depth of 250 feet; this can be done in in these three days amounting sometimes to many places without the least danger. Some of about 6,000,000 of livres.

the columns are magnetical. Fara Hean, or Benmore, i.e. the Great Head, Near the highest point of Fair Head is an exas it is generally and more properly called, is said, traordinary cave, said to he artificial, and called by Dr. Hamilton, to be the Rhobogdium of Ptole- a Pict's house. Not far hence are two small my. It is not, however, the most northern point of lakes, at an elevation exceeding 400 feet above Ireland, which was what Ptolemy meant to de- the sea, called Lough Caolin and Lough-nasignate by this name. Mr. Wright therefore Cressa; one of these discharges its overflowing considers that geographer to apply this denomi- waters into the sea, through the whyndyke, nation to Malin Head, or Inishowen Head. called Carrick Mawr, or the Great Crag.

This splendid promontory, whose highest point Fair Isle, or Faro, as Buchanan calls it, a is 535 feet above the ocean's level, is, according small island lying between Orkney and Shetland, to the latter writer, composed of a body of co- thirty miles E.N. E. from the former, and twentylumnas green-stone, of such dimensions, that its four south-west from the latter. It is above three articulations are not at first very obvious; but, miles long, and nearly two broad, very craggy, upon surveying attentively one of the gigantic with three very high promontories (one of them columns, the joints and separatrices are distinctly called Sheep Craig, 480 feet high), which are marked. The whole structure of the promon- visible both from Orkney and Shetland. Butory consists of two parts; the one, at the sea chanan says, it is encompassed with lofty rocks ; i side, is an inclined plane, strewn with enormous and is every where inaccessible, unless upon the masses of the same stone, in the wildest and south-east, where, lowering a little, it affords a most terrific chaos; above this rises the mural safe station for small vessels.' There is great precipice of columnar green-stone, 250 feet in plenty of sea and water fowl, and all kinds of height. The scene of ruin at the base of these fish upon the coast. There is a small harbour at Titanian pillars is probably not exceeded in the south end, which is full of rocks, where only Europe. Here the sea heaves in a solemn ma- small boats can lie, and another at the north-east jos.ic swell, and in every retreat discloses the ap- end, larger and safer in summer, so that it serves


commodiously enough for their fishery. The even seems to give him the preference for har, duke of Medina Sidonia, commander of the mony, when he observes that Waller owned himfamous Spanish armada, in 1588, was wrecked self indebted for the harmony of his numbers to on the east coast of this island. The ship bruke Fairfax's Godfrey of Boulogne. He died about 20 pieces, but the duke and 200 men made their 1632, at his house, called Newhall, between Denescape. They lived here so long, that both they ton and Knaresborough. and the inhabitants were almost famished. At FAIRFAX, a county of Virginia, on the west length the duke, and the poor remains of his bank of the Potomac, twenty-five miles long and people, were carried over to the main land of eighteen broad. The chief town is Alexandria. Shetland, and thence to Dunkirk, by one Andrew Fairfax, a township of Vermont, in Franklin Humphrey, for which Andrew was rewarded with county, east of Georgia, on the bank of the 3000 merks.

Moille; nine miles from Lake Champlain. FAIRFAX (Sir Thomas), general of the parlia- FAIRFIELD, a populous maritime county of mentary forces in the civil wars, was the eldest Connecticut, forty-six miles long and thirty-five son of Ferdinando lord Fairfax, and born at broad, bordering on the state of New York. It Denton, the family seat, in Yorkshire, in 1611. is divided into thirteen townships. Danbury and He commenced his military career in the army Fairfield are the chief towns. under lord Vere in Holland ; and, when the dif- FAIRFIELD, the capital of the above county, ferences broke out into hostility between the king called Unquowa by the Indians, is seated on the and parliament, took a decided part in the favor Mill-run, a little above its influx into Long of the latter, being, as well as his father, a zealous Island Sound. It was burnt in 1777, by a party presbyterian. He had a principal command in of British and loyalists; by which it incurred a the north, where he and his father were defeated loss of above £40,109. It has been since rebuilt, in several engagements, particularly at Adderton and is now flourishing. It carries on a considerMoor, in June 1643. Sir Thomas was, however, able trade to the West Indies. It is twenty-two more successful in some subsequent actions, and miles south-west by west of New Haven, sixtyhe distinguished himself so greatly, at the battle four north-east of New York, and 161 of Philaof Marston Moor, that, when the army was new delphia. modelled, he was appointed general in the room FAIRFIELD, a county of South Carolina, in of the earl of Essex. In June, 1645, he defeated Camden district, forty miles square; seated bethe king's forces at Naseby, after which he tween the Wateree and Broad River. Winusbomarched to the west, where he obliged a number rough is the capital. of places to submit.

Upon the death of his FAIRFORD, a town in Gloucestershire, refather, in 1648, he succeeded to his title, and the markable for its church, which has curious painted same year took Colchester, after a brave resist- glass windows. They are said to have been taken ance by Sir George Lisle and Sir Charles Lucas, in a ship by John Tame, esq., towards the end o. whom his lordship, after the surrender, basely the fifteenth century, who built a church for their caused to be shot. He pretended to be against sake. They are preserved entire, and the figures putung the king to death, but took no steps to are extremely well drawn and colored. They prevent it; and, at the time of the execution, was represent the most remarkable histories in the engaged in prayer with major Harrison. He de- oid and New Testament. The painter was Alclined commanding the army against the presby- bert Durer. In the church are also a number of terians, who afterwards appeared in favor of monuments, particularly a curious one to the Charles II., and lived in retirement till measures memory of the founder, who died in the year were adopted for bringing back the king. He 1500 ; 'with his effigy in white marble. Near it was at the head of the committee appointed by is a handsome free school, endowed for sixty the house of commons to attend king Charles II. boys; besides which this town has many other at the Hague, and, having assisted in his restora- charitable institutions : it has also two neat tion, returned again to his seat in the country; bridges over the river Colne. It is twenty-two where he lived in a private manner till his death, miles E.S. E. of Gloucester, and seventy-nine and which took place in 1671 in the sixtieth year of a half west by north of London. his age. He wrote, says Mr. Walpole, Memori- Fair Weather Mount, a mountain on the als of Thomas Lord Fairfax, printed in 1699; north-east coast of North America, about 14,900 and was not only an historian but a poet. In feet above the level of the sea, and about twelve Mr. Thoresby's museum were preserved, in MS., miles north-east of Fair Weather Cape. It is one the following pieces :—The Psalms of David, the of the principal summits of the Cordillera of New Canticles, the Song of Moses, and other parts of Norfolk ; its base being formed by the summits Scripture, versified; a poem on Solitude; Notes of various surrounding mountains. It is covered of Sermons; and a Treatise on the Shortness of with perpetual snow. Long. 222° 47' E., lat. 58° Life. But the most remarkable of lord Fairfax's 57' N. works, says Walpole, were the verses he wrote on FAIRY, n. s. & adj. 1 Old Fr. faerie, a specthe horse on which Charles II. rode to his coro- FAIRYLIKE.

tre, fée, a nymph; Sax. nation. He gave a collection of MSS. to the perhd. Ab ēpa terra, fit et féọa Macedonum Bodleian library.

dialecto; unde {vepoi įvfepoi, et Romanis inFAIRFAX (Edward), natural son of Sir Thomas feri, qui Scoto-Saxonibus dicuntur feries nostraFairfax, was an English poet who lived in the tibusque; vulgo corruptius fuiries, saray Boviot reigns of Elizabeth and James I. He was an daijoves, sive dii manes.' — Baxter's Glossary. accomplished scholar. Dryden classes him with The French have also an old verb faer, to enSpenser, as a leading writer of the times; and chant. Fairy and fay are indiscriminately used

[ocr errors]

by our older writers. See Fay. Both, perhaps, the nymphs of the woods, mountains, rivers, came into our language from the French. An and springs; and an ancient scholiast on Theo imaginary being, or spirit, supposed to appear critus says, “The nymphs are demons which apin a diminutive human form, and generally of pear on the mountains in the figure of women.' the female sex: as an adjective, fairy means given The Arabs and other orientals have also their by, or belonging to fairies.

ginn and peri, of whom they entertain the like To this great fairy I'll commend thy acts,

notions. Fairies have been likewise described Make her thanks bless thee.

as of both sexes, and generally as of minute Shakspeare. Antony and Cleopatra. stature, though capable of assuming various Nan Page, my daughter, and my little son, forms and dimensions. The most elegant reAnd three or four more of their growth, we'll dress

presentation of these children of romantic fancy Like urchins, 'ouphes, and fuiries, green and white.

is to be found in the Midsummer Night's Dream Shakspeare.

of Shakspeare. Spenser's Fairy Queen is an Then let them all encircle him about,

epic poem, under the characters of fairies. The And fairy like to pinch the unclean knight :

belief of fairies subsists in many parts of our And ask him, why, that hour of fairy revel, In their so sacred paths he dares to tread

own country. The ‘Swart fairy of the mine,' is In shape prophane. Id. Merry Wives of Windsor. scarcely yet believed to have quitted our subter

raneous works. And, in the Highlands of ScotThis is the fairy land : oh, spight of spights,

land, new-born children are watched till the We talk with goblins, owls, and elvish sprights.


christening is over, lest they should be stolen or Be secret and discrete ; these fairy favours changed by some of these imaginary beings. Are lost when not concealed.

Fairy CIRCLE, or Ring, a phenomenon Dryden's Spanish Fryar. pretty frequent in the fields, &c. long supposed Such borrowed wealth, like fairy money, though it to be traced by the fairies in their dances. There were gold in the hand from which he received it, will are two kinds of it; one of about seven yards be but leaves and dust when it comes to use. Locke. in diameter, containing a round bare path, a foot

By the idea any one has of fairies, or centaurs, he broad, with green grass in the middle of it. cannot know that things, answering those ideas exist. The other is of a different size, encompassed

Id, with a circumference of grass. Some suppose Fays, faries, genii, elves, and demons, hear. these circles to be made by ants, which are often

Pope. found in great numbers in them. Messrs. Jessop What farther clishmaclaver might been said, and Walker, in the Philosophical Transactions, What bloody wars, if sprites had blood to shed,

ascribe them to lightning; which is thought to Nae man can tell ; but a' before their sight,

be confirmed by their being most frequently proA fairy train appeared in order bright ; Adown the glittering stream they featly danced ;

duced after a storm of that kind, as well as by Bright to the moon their various dresses glanced.

the color and brittleness of the grass roots when Burns.

first observed. Lightning, like all other fires, While frowning loves the threatening falchion moves round, and burns more in the extremity

than in the middle; the second circle arises And tittering graces peep behind the shield, from the first, the grass burnt up growing, very With jointed mail their fuiry limbs o'erwhelm, plentifully afterwards. Mr. Cavallo, however, Or nod with pausing step the plumed helm. in his valuable Treatise on Electricity, does not

Darwin. think that lightning is concerned in the formaThis hour we part my heart foreboded this : tion of them : They are not,' says he, always Thus ever fade my fairy dreams of bliss. Byron. of a circular figure; and, as I am informed,

Fairy. Fairies were most usually imagined they seem to be rather beds of mushrooms than to be women of an order superior to human the effects of lightning.' Other philosophers, nature, yet subject to wants, passions, accidents, who have examined these circles, believe they and even death; sprightly and benevolent while are produced by a kind of fungus breaking and young and handsome; morose, peevish, and pulverising the soil. malignant, if ugly, or in the decline of their Dr. Wollaston has examined this subject with beauty; fond of appearing in white, whence his usual ingenuity. He observed that the fungi they are often called the white ladies. Jervaise or mushrooms, first noticed by Withering, were of Tilleberry, marshal of the kingdom of Arles, found solely at the exterior niargin of the dark who lived in the beginning of the thirteenth cen- ring of grass. The breadth of the ring, in that intury, writes thus concerning them, in a work in- stance, measured from them towards the centre, scribed to the emperor Otho IV. It has been was about twelve or fourteen inches, while the asserted, by persons of unexceptionable credit, exterior ring, occupied by the mushrooms, was that fairies used to choose themselves gallants only about four or five inches broad. Dr. Wolfrom among men, and rewarded their attachment laston conjectured, from the position of the with an affluence of worldly goods; but if they mushrooms, that the rings were formed after the married, or boasted of a fairy's favors, they as manner described by Dr. Hutton, by a progresseverely smarted for such indiscretion.' Similar sive increase from a centre, and this opinion was tales are still current in Languedoc;. where strengthened by finding that a second species of there is not a village without some ancient seat fungus presented a similar arrangement, with reor cavern, which had the honor of being a fairy's spect to the relative position. of the ring and residence, or some spring where a fairy used to fungi, the fungi being always upon the external bathe. This idea of fairies has a near affinity margin of a dark ring of grass. 'I thought it with that of the Greeks and Romans, concerning not improbable,' says he, that the soil which



had once contnbuted to the support of fungi one circums ance that may frequently be obmight be so exhausted of some peculiar pabulum served respecting these co-cles, which can satisnecessary for their production, as to be rendered factorily be accounted for, according to the incapable of producing a second crop of that preceding hypothesis of the cause of their

increase, singular class of vegetables. The second year's and may be considered as a confirmation of its crop would consequently appear in a small ring truth. Whenever two adjacent circles are found surrounding the original centre of vegetation, to interfere, they not only do not cross each other, and, at every succeeding year, the defect of nu- but both circles are invariably obliterated betriment on one side, would necessarily cause the tween the points of contact; at least, in more Dew roots to extend themselves solely in the than twenty cases, I have seen no one instance opposite direction, and would occasion the circles to the contrary. The exhaustion occasioned by of fungi continually to proceed by annual en- each, obstructs the progress of the other, and both largement from the centre outwards. An appear- are starved. ance of luxuriance of the grass would follow as * I think it also not unworthy of observation, a natural consequence, as the soil of an interior that different species of fungi appear to require circle would always be enriched by the decayed the same nutriment; for in a case of interference, roots of fungi of the preceding year's growth. between the one circle of puff-balls and another

Dr. Wollaston often observed undecayed of mushrooms, they did not intersect; but I spawn, even below the most luxuriant grass. cannot say positively that I have seen more than

During the growth of the fungi, they so entirely one instance. I ouce found that a tree had inabsorb all nutriment from the soil beneath, that terrupted the regular progress of a circle; but the herbage is for a while destroyed, and a ring this appeared to be only a temporary impediment, appears, bare of grass, surrounding the dark ring as the extension had proceeded at the usual rate; lĩa transverse section be made of the soil beneath and, by passing obliquely from each side into the the ring, at this time, the part beneath the fungi soil beyond the tree, had given the ring the form appears paler than the soil on either side of it, of a kidney, so that another year or two would but that which is beneath the interior circle of probably reunite the two extremities into one dark grass, is found, on the contrary, to be con- curve surrounding the tree. Being desirous of siderably darker than the general surrounding ascertaining in what length of time a soil might soil. But, in the course of a few weeks after again recover the power of producing a fresh the fungi have ceased to appear, the soil where crop of fungi, I cut a groove, in one or two inthey stood grows darker, and the grass soon stances, along the diameter of a mushroom ring, Fegetates again with peculiar vigor, so that I and inserted a quantity of spawn taken from its have seen the surface covered with dark grass, circumference, with the hope of seeing it vegetate although the darkened soil has not exceeded half for some distance near the centre ; but the expean inch in thickness, while that beneath has con- riment failed altogether, as I shortly after quitted tinued white with spawn, for about two inches my residence in the country.' in depth. The section of the space occupied by Another modern writer, Mr. Wilson, ascribes the white spawn, has in general, nearly the same fairy rings to the action of grubs, concealed unform, and may be compared to that of a wave, der the ring among the roots of the herbage; and proceeding from the centre outwards, as its supposes, that the fungi give a preference to boundary on the inner side ascends obliquely to these rings, on account of the abundance of dead wards the surface, while its excerior termination vegetable matter to be found in them. is nearly in a vertical position. The extent occu- FAIRY OF THE Mine, an imaginary inhabipied by the spawn varies considerably, according tant of mines. The Germans believe in two to the season of the year, being greatest after the species ; one fierce and malevolent; the other a fungi have come to perfection, and is reduced to gentle race, appearing like little old men, dressed its smallest dimensions, and may, in some cases, like the miners, and not much above two feet not be discernible before the next year's crop high. These wander about the drifts and chambegins to make its appearance.

bers of the works; seem perpetually employed, * For the purpose of observing the progress of yet do nothing; some seem to cut the ore, or various circles, I marked them three or four sling what is cut into vessels, or turn the windyears in succession, by incisions of different forins, lass; but never do any harm to the miners, by which I could distinguish clearly the succes- unless provoked, as Agricola relates in his book sive annual increase, and I found it to vary in De Animantibus Subterraneis. different circles, from eight inches to as much as FAITH, n. s.

Fr. foy, foi ; Span. two feet. The broadest rings that I have seen, FAITH'BREACH, and Port. fe; Ital. were those of the common mushroom, (ag. cam- Faith'ed, adj. fedc ; Lat. fides. Mr. pestris); the narrowest are the most frequent, FAITHFUL

Tooke considers our and are those of the champignon (ag. orcades of FAITH'FUILY, adv. modern word faith, Dr. Withering). The mushroom accordingly FAITH'FULNESS, n. s. once written faieth, as makes circles of the largest diameter, but those FAITH'less, adj. the third person sinof the champignon are most regular. There are, FAITH'LESSNESS, n. s. ) gular of the Saxon bowever, as many as three other fungi that ex- verb fægan; Parkhurst, and others derive it hibit the same mode of extension, and produce from the Greek Telow; and this from the Hebrew the same effect upon the herbage. These are the ano, to persuade. Belief; credence: belief of ag. terrens, ag. procerus, and the lycoperdon revealed truth: and hence the truth believed, bovista, the last of which is far more common tenets held by man; a promise given by man o: than the two last-mentioned agarics. There is God: also, confidence, or trust, in a thing or


party believed ; and (the qualities which inspire If on my wounded breast thou drop a tear, this feeling) fidelity to engagements; sincerity; Think for whose sake my breast that wound did bear, veracity : faithbreach is a breach of honor or And faithfully my last desires fulfil,

Id. Ovid. faith : faithed, honest; sincere: as is faithful, As I perform my cruel father's will. which also means true to allegiance, duty, or And, therefore, I have often wondered to hear men regard, professed : faithless is without faith ; per- of several churches so heartily exclaim against the fidious; and, particularly, without belief in implicit faith of the church of Rome ; when the same revealed religion.

implicit faith is as much practised and required in

their own, though not so openly professed, and ingeAnd he seide to bir, doughtir, thi feith hath maad

nuously owned there.

Locke, the saaf.

Wiclif. Luk. 8.

The band that knits together and supports all comMy servant Moses is faithful in all mine house.

pacts, is truth and faithfulness.

South. Numbers. They are a very froward generation, children in

They suppose the nature of things to be truly and whom is no faith.

Deul. xxxii. 20. faithfully signified by their names, and thereupon For there is no faithfulness in your mouth; your

believe as they hear, and practise as they believe. inward part is very wickedness.

Id. Sermons.
Psalm lix.
Felix heard Paul concerning the faith.

Then faith shall fail, and holy hope shall die ;
Acts xxiv.

One lost in certainty, and one in joy. Prior. Adew myne owne dere spouse my worthy lorde, .

Faith is an entire dependence upon the truth, the The faithfull loue, that dyd vs both combyne,

power, the justice, and the mercy of God; which de• In mariage and peasable concorde,

pendence will certainly incline us to obey him in all Into your handes here I cleane resyne,


Swift. To be bestowed vppon your children and myne.


meet with frauds and faithless dealings Sir T. More.

from men; but after all, our own hearts are the The man that is faithful, thinks it more liberty to

greatest cheats ; aud there are none we are in greater be his friend's prisoner, than to be any other's danger from.

Mason. general.

Sir P. Sidney.

From every joy and pleasure torn, The name of faith being properly and strictly taken,

Life's weary vale I'll wander through ; it must needs have reference unto some uttered word,

And hopeless, comfortless, I'll mourn as the object of belief.


A faithless woman's broken vow. Burns. Whatsoever our hearts be to God and to his truth,

To praise him is to serve him, and fulfil believe we, or be we as yet faithless, for our conver

Doing and suffering his unquestioned will; sion or confirmation, the force of natural reason is

'Tis to believe what men inspired of old, great.


Faithful and faithfully informed, unfold;
I have been forsworn,

Candid and just, with no false aim in view,
In breaking faith with Julia whom I loved.

To take for truth what cannot but be true.

Cowper. I have this day received a traitor's judgment,

A nation famed for song, and beauty's charms, And by that name must die ; yet, heaven bear wit. Zealous, yet modest; innocent, though free;

Patient of toil; serene amidst alarms And, if I have a conscience, let it sink me,

Inflexible in faith ; invincible in arms! Beattie. Even as the axe falls, if I be not faithful. Id. FAITH, in philosophy and theology, is that

Never dare misfortune cross her foot, assent which we give to a proposition advanced Unless she doth it under this excuse,

by another, the truth of which we do not imThat she is issue to a faithless Jew.


mediately perceive from our own reason or exBoth Fell by our servants, by those men we loved most;

perience; or it is that judgment or assent of the A most unnatural and faithless service.


mind, the motive whereof is not any intrinsic His noble grace would have some pity

evidence, but the authority and testimony of Upon my wretched women, that so long

some other who reveals or relates it. Hence, Have followed both my fortunes faithfully. Id. as there are two kinds of authorities and tes

Vision in the next life is the perfecting of that faith timonies, the one of God, and the other of man, in this life, or that faith here is turned into vision faith becomes distinguished into divine and huthere, as hope into enjoying.

Hammond. For his own part he did faithfully promise to be

1. Faith, DIVINE, is that founded on the still in the king's power. Bacon's Henry VII. authority of God; or that assent we give to what

If they had gone to God without Moses, I should is revealed by God. The objects of this faith, have praised their faith ; but now they go to Moses therefore, are matters of Revelation. See Rewithout God, I hate their stubborn faithlessness. VELATION and THEOLOGY.

Bp. Hali's Contemplations. 2 Faith, Human, is that whereby we believe Her failing, while her fuith to me remains,

what is told us by men; and the object of it is I should conceal. Milton's Paradise Lost. matter of human testimony and evidence. See

So spake the seraph Abdiel, faithful found;
Among the faithless, faithful only he. Milton.

FAITHORN (William), an ingenious artist, a Seeming devotion doth but gild the knave,

native of London, was the disciple of Peak the That's neither faithful, honest, just, nor brave.

painter, and worked with him three or four Waller.

years. At the breaking out of the civil war Peak For you alone

espoused the royal cause, and Faithorn, who acI broke my faith with injured Palamon. Dryden. companied him, was taken prisoner, sent to LonWell I know him;

don, and confined in Aldersgate. In this unOf easy temper, naturally good,

comfortable situation he exercised his grarer; And fuithful to his word. Id. Don Sebastian, and executed a small head of the first Villars


[ocr errors]


« ZurückWeiter »