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ing in solution acetate and sometimes carbonate destroy it is often mowing the grass; and, if the of ammonia, and a small quantity of empyreu- field is ploughed up, plentiful dunging is good. matic oil, leaving charcoal, with various saline However, fern, cut while the sap is in ii

, and and earthy ingredients. From these products it left to rot upon the ground, is a very good mafollows, that the mould contained less oxygen, In some places of the north the inha more carbon, and more nitrogen than the vege- bitants mow it green, burn it, and make the table matter from which it had been formed; ashes up into balls with water : which, when though part of this nitrogen must probably have dried in the sun, they use to wash linen with, been derived from the animal matter unavoid- and find to be nearly as good as soap for that ably mixed with it.

purpose. The acids do not exert any very striking FERN, FEMALE. See Pteris. action on this mould ; they dissolve its earthy Fern, FLOWERING. See OSMUNDA. and inetallic ingredients. The fixed alkalies dis- FERN, MALE. See PolyPODIUM. solve it almost entirely, and evolve ammonia FERN, Mure's. See HEMIONITIS. during the solution. Alcohol merely takes up a FERN, SWEET. See SCANDIX. little resinous extractive matter. Water likewise FERNANDEZ, or Juan Fernandez, ar: dissolves a small quantity of extract.

island in the South Pacific Ocean, about 100 Saussure has remarked, as has been above miles from the coast of Chili, formerly a place stated, that vegetable mould, though the result of resort for the buccaneers, who were led to reof the putrefactive process, is not itself suscep- sort hither from the multitude of goats which it tible of putrefaction, but even rather retards it; nourished. To deprive their enemies of this hence it remains unaltered, evidently from the advantage, the Spaniards transported hither a cause already assigned, that no other principles considerable number of dogs, which, increasing are present in sufficient proportion to act on the greatly, almost extirpated the goats. There are cartwo accumulated in it. This, however, is to instances of two men living at different times be understood of it, only when the air is ex- alone on this island for many years; the one a cluded; for, when exposed to the atmosphere, it Musquito Indian: the other Alexander Selkirk, suffers a gradual change, until it is entirely de- a Scotchman, who was, after five years, taken on composed. The oxygen of the air becomes board an English Ship, which touched here in combined with its carbon, forming carbonic about 1710, and brought him back to Europe. acid, as Saussure found by enclosing it over From the bistory of this recluse Daniel de Foe quicksilver, in atmospheric air or oxygen gas. is said to have written his Adventures of RobinWhile this proceeds, the abstraction of carbon son Crusoe. See De Fos. This island was a appears to allow part of the oxygen and hydrogen propitious retreat to commodore Anson's squaof the mould, to combine and form water; for it dron in 1741, after having been buffeted with loses more of its weight than can be accounted for, tempests, and debilitated by an inveterate scurvy. merely from the quantity of carbon abstracted. They continued here three months; during These changes continue to proceed in a certain which time the dying crews, who or their arrival relation to each other, and terminate at length in could scarcely with one united effort heave the the entire decomposition, leaving the earthy and anchor, were restored to perfect health. Captain metallic substances originally contained in the Carteret, also, in the Swallow, in 1767, having vegetable matters. We perceive from this view, met with many difficulties and impediments in how necessary the frequent turning up of the his passage into the South Sea, attempted to soil is to enable the vegetable mould to form a make this island in order to recruit the health of pmper manure, by decomposing, and affording his men; but he found it fortified by the Spancarbonic acid to the growing plant.

iards. They in fact had settled an establishment ? Sax, fearn. A plant de- at the port called Juan Fernandez, on the southFeae'sy, ad. į scribed in the extracts.

west coast, since June 1750. But M. de Bou

gainville that same year is said to have touched The leaves are formed of a number of small pin- here for refreshments, although, in the narrative dules, dentated on the edges, and set close one by of the voyage, the fact is cautiously suppressed, another on slender ribs. On the back of these pin- The island is not quite fifteen miles long, and bules are produced the seeds, small and extremely six broad ; its only safe harbour is on the north numerous. The country people esteem it as a sovereign remedy decocted for the rickets in children.

side. It is said to have plenty of excellent Hill.

water, and to abound with a great variety of exThe berd sufficed, did late repair

cellent vegetables, and valuable wood : among To ferny heaths, and to their forest-lair. which are the sandal, the yellow wood, and

Dryden. a species of palm. Vast shoals of fish of There are great varieties of fern in different parts various kinds frequent the coast, particularly of the world; but they are seldom cultivated in gar- cod of a prodigious size. There are but few birds


here. The president of Chili usually appoints Hence dusky iron sleeps in dark abodes, And ferny foliage destles in the nodes. Darwin.

the governor of this island, who is one of the

commanders upon the Araucanian frontier. BePern, in botany, filix. See Filices. Fernis sides the port of Juan Fernandez, there is another, very common in dry and barren places. It is lying towards the south, called the English harone of the worst weeds for land, and very hard to bour, from the circumstance of lord Anson's destroy where it has a deep soil to root in. In squadron having anchored there; but it is insesome grounds the roots are found to the depth cure, and too much exposed. Long. 78° 30' W., of eight feet. One of the most effectual ways to lat. 33o Ano S

FERN, n. s.


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FERNE (Sir John), a celebrated antiquary, vited a number of workmen and artists, partiwas born in Lincolnshire, and educated at cularly watchmakers, to settle here; he even Oxford, whence he removed to the inner tem- erected a church for their use: but in 1786, ple, and in the beginning of the reign of James eight years after his death, the number of inhaI. was knighted and made keeper of the king's bitants did not exceed 600. The chateau of this signet for the north. He died about 1610: superficial philosopher is preserved, and shown having published The Blazon of Gentry, 4to., to strangers. 1586.

FERNS, a small town, or rather village, of Ferne (Henry), a bishop, the son of the pre- Ireland, in the county of Wexford, whích, united ceding, was born at York in 1602, and became with Leighlin, was once a bishop's see. In the first a commoner of St. Mary-hall Oxford, and year 1166 the king of Leinster burnt this town, afterwards fellow of Trinity College Cambridge. but afterwards founded an abbey in it, now in He enjoyed the livings of Masham in Yorkshire, ruins, as also a castle to which he retired. This and Medborn in Leicestershire; and, being occasioned the calling in of the Norman chiefs

, made archdeacon of Leicester, took, in 1642, and, eventually, the conquest of Ireland. Ferns his doctor's degree. The same year he published is fifteen miles north of Wexford. a piece in defence of the king, whose personal FEROCIOUS, adj. Fr. feroce ; Lat. feror. favor he obtained, and who, after the Reforma- FERO'CIOUSLY, adv. Savage; fierce; ravetion, made him master of Trinity College, dean Feroc'ity, n. S. of Ely, and bishop of Chester. He died in 1661.

The hare, that becometh a prey unto men, unto His works are-1. The Case of Conscience beasts and fowls of the air, is fruitful even unto sutouching Rebellion; 2. Episcopacy and Presby- perfetation ; but the lion and ferociow animal bath tery considered; 3. Sermons and Tracts. young ones but seldom, and but one at a time. FERNEL, or FERNELIUS (John), physician to

Broune's Vulgar Errows. Henry II. of France, was born in Picardy, about Untaught, uncultivated, as they were the end of the fifteenth century. Being sent to Inhospitable, full of ferocity. Philip's Briton. Paris, to study rhetoric and philosophy, he An uncommon ferocity in my countenance, with plied himself in a most intense manner. He the remarkable fatness of my nose, and extent of moy read Cicero, Plato, and Aristotle ; and, by imi- mouth, have procured me the name of lion. tating the style of the ancients, made the lectures

Addison's Guardian. he afterwards read on philosophical subjects as

Smedley rose in majesty of mud;

Shaking the horrors of his ample brows, eloquent as those of the other masters were barbarous. He also applied himself earnestly to

And each ferocious feature grim with ooze.

Pope. the mathematics; but this continual study occa

It is to the merciful maxims of Christianity, much sioned a long fit of sickness, which obliged him more than to any other cause, that we must ascribe to leave Paris. On his recovery he returned and the little ferocity and bloodshed which accompany studied physic, and at the same time taught phi- our modern victories.

Robertson's Sermon, losophy in the college of St. Barbara. In the And now to see them thus divided, stand course of these studies he invented several ma- In fixed ferocity, when joyous tears thematical instruments; and soon after began And sweet sensations should have welcomed, both reading lectures upon Hippocrates and Galen, Show what the passions are in their full growth. which gained him great reputation. He now

Byron. . composed his treatise on Physiology, and another The FEROE, FERRÆ, or Faroe Islands, are a De Venæ Sectione, upon both of which he read cluster of islands in the Northern Ocean, lectures for several years. While thus employed amounting to twenty-two in number, and lying he was sent for to court to see a lady whose re- between 61° 15' N. lat., and 62° 25'. Their covery was despaired of. He, however, accom- name is conjectured to have been derived either plished the cure; and on this occasion Henry II., from fær, a sheep, and æ, an island, from the then dauphin, offered him the place of first phy- number of these animals found on them by the sician to him; but Fernel, preferring his studies, first settlers, and which were introduced by the declined the employment. When Henry camé Norwegian pirates, who first discovered the to the throne he renewed his offers, which Fernel islands and made them their rendezvous; or was at last prevailed on to accept. He died in from fier, feathers, the feathers of sea-birds form1558, leaving behind him many other works, ing a staple article of their riches; or finally, as De Abditis Rerum Causis, seven books of from fiær, far distant, as relative to their position Pathology, a book on Remedies, &c., which with respect to Norway. The seventeen of them have been repeatedly printed, with his life which are inhabited, may be thus described :prefixed, written by William Plantius, his dis- 1. Fuglæ, Bird Island, north-eastern, is eight ciple.

miles in circuit, has some spots of ground proFERNESS, a cape and bay on the west coast ducing corn, and two villages. 2. Swina, Hog of Eday, one of the Orkney islands. Long. 2° Island, larger than Fugle, is composed of two 43' W., lat 59° 2' N.

hills, and nearly divided by a great bay on the FERNEY, a small town of France, on east, and another on the west; one village. 3. the frontier of Switzerland, five miles N.N.W. Videra, three leagues long and one broad ; on of Geneva. It is chiefly remarkable as the favo- the east side is a cavern penetrating quite rite residence of Voltaire. In the reigns of through the island, 300 feet long, and by which Louis XIII. and XIV. the inhabitants, who were a boat may pass as under the arch of a bridge; Protestants, were obliged to emigrate. In 1762 two villages. 4. Bordæ is four leagues long and Voltaire purchased the adjacen lands, and in- three broad, is intersected by two inlets dividiug

it into four peninsulas; it has a good winter port long, and five miles broad; has six churches, named Klaksund, on the north-west, and seven and ten villages. It has many spaces, covered villages. 5. Kuna, eight miles long, and two with basaltic columns. This island has two broad, is one steep conical hill; three villages. good winter harbours. The Monk is a great 6. Kelsa, nine miles long, and one broad; four lump of rock south of Sudere, surrounded by villages. Ostera, twenty miles long, and ten sunken rocks among which the currents are strong broad, has the highest hills among the group, is and dangerous. indented by five sounds, and has the good winter These islands are all vast mountains of rock, harbour of Kongshaven on the south-west ; it has generally rising in conical or angular summits of two small fresh-water lakes and many basaltic 1000 to 2000 feet elevation, and the coasts precolumns. It contains seven churches, and twenty senting perpendicular rocky cliffs of 200 to 300 villages or farms. Two singular rocking stones feet height. The grand formation is trap, with are seen in the sea near the island. Their length feltspar, glimmer, and grains of zeolite; the is twenty-four feet, and breadth eighteen, even only volcanic appearances are in basaltic when the sea is perfectly calm, they have a sen- columns, which cover considerable spaces. Many sible vibratory motion, and in storms move confused heaps of loose stones, and vast masses backwards and forwards several inches with a of rock, scattered on the sides of the hills, seem creaking noise : this effect is probably produced to denote some great convulsion, by which also by their remaining suspended on the summits of it would appear that many of the islands have other rocks after the clay on which they formerly been torn to pieces. The shores offer numerous rested hard been washed away. 8. Strom«, the deep caverns, the resort of seals. The mounlargest of the islands, is twenty-seven miles tains are only separated by very narrow glens, long, and seven broad. It has one town and through which run rivulets and brooks, many oi twenty villages and farms. The former, named which form cascades, and are useful in turning Thorshavn, is the only one on the islands, and corn mills. There are also some fresh-watei is on the south-east side of the island. It is the lakes, in which are trout and eels; and some seat of government and the centre of trade. It warm springs. consists of 100 wooden houses, with the same The quantity of arable land is very small, the number of families, of whom one half are fish- soil over the bed of rock being in general not ermen, servants, or paupers. There is a Latin more than a foot or two deep: Barley and rye school, and a wooden church, covered with slate. are the only cultivated grains; and turnips, The defences are a small fort, and garrison of carrots, and potatoes the only vegetables. The thirty-six men. At Kirkeboe, a village on the turnips are a yellow sort, but small and hard ; south end of the island, is the only stone church; and the potatoes diminutive and watery. Such, and here was the ancient seat of the popish however, is the industry of the people in some bishops. Westmanhamen, on the west side of places, that soil is often seen laid on the flat surthe island, is the best barbour of the group. 9. faces of large stones, in which potatoes of a good Nolsa, Needle Island, has its name from a quality are produced. The islands have no perforated hill resembling the eye of a needle. trees, though from the veins of soil they possess, It is five miles and a half long, and one and from the trunks of juniper trees found in the mile broad, and contains copper ore, mixed with soil, it would appear that they were not formerly gold; one village. 10, 11. Hesta, and Kolter, without wood.” Copper ore has been found, are little islands with a single farm each. 12. with particles of gold, but too poor to pay the Vange, has two lakes of fresh-water, one of expense of working. The climate, though very which is three miles long, and half a mile broad; foggy, is not unhealthy. The summers are they abound in large trout; three villages. 13. generally wet; the winters stormy but not cold, Mygenæs, the western island, is small and of the lakes or brooks seldom freezing to any thickdifficult access, so that it is only visited twice a ness, but snow falls in vast quantity. The year by the clergyman; one village. West of aurora borealis is common in winter, and is even this island is a great rock of basaltic columns, seen sometimes in August. The shores are trethe only resort amongst the islands of the Soland mendously beaten by the Atlantic waves, and goose. It pastures sheep and oxen, whose filesh the currents rush through the sounds and straits is the most esteemed of the islands. 14. Sanda with great violence, forming whirlpools almost is thirteen miles long, and one mile and a half equal to those of the Maelstrom, on the coast of broad; it has three lakes, and five villages. It Norway. The islands are deeply indented by is one of the most fertile, producing excellent inlets forming eight good harbours in winter, and potatoes. 15. Skua, a small island, is celebrated they have besides many roads named summer in the annals of the islands for containing the harbours. tomb of their hero Sigismund Bristesen. 16. The wild animals are only rats and mice;

the The Great Dimon is almost entirely inacces- domestic ones hored cattle, sheep, horses, and a sible ; and its inhabitants, of one family, having few hogs, dogs, and cats. The amphibious no place to haul up a boat, have no communica- animals are the walrus, and several species of tion with the other islands, unless when the the seal. Among the aquatic birds are many people of the latter visit them; and the clergy- kinds of ducks, particularly the eider, the auk, man who visits the island only every summer, is the puffin, penguin, diver, fulmer, sheer-water, obliged to be hoisted up by a rope. This island, gannet, gulls, petrel, &c. The only land birds as well as its neighbour the Little Dimon, is the of any consideration are the quail and wild grand resort of sea-fowls. 17. Sudero, the pigeon. Domestic fowls are common, but there southernmost of the group, is seventeen miles are no turkeys.


The population in 1782 was 4409 souls : in pointing upwards. Landt states the height of 1812, 5209. Their principal pursuits are cutting this peak to be 1200 feet, and we believe that turf for fuel, agriculture, rearing cattle and sheep, this does not much exceed the truth. The elemanufacturing the wool of the latter into coarse vation of Tindholm is probably about 500 feet. cloths or knit jackets and stockings, to dye and its singular appearance is much more strikwhich they make use of lichens, with which the ing. On one side, though very steep, it is coislands abound. The cattle are small; and, no vered with verdure almost to the summit, which pains being taken to select the best for breeding, consists of a number of long and slender peaks, few are to be met with that are well shaped. ranged along the ridge, which terminates on the They yield but a small quantity of milk, but it opposite side a perpendicular face of rock. In is sweet and rich. The sheep vary a little in ap- crossing the island of Vaagoe towards this rock, pearance and in the quality of their wool, which its summit is seen in a form bearing a close siis torn from them when the fleece begins to militude to the towers and pinnacles of Westloosen; but frequently that event is not waited minster Abbey. In some places there are ranges for, and the skin of the animals is cruelly lace- of columnar rocks; but, in general, they are not rated. The horses are small, and in general in such situations as to render them of much imnot well shaped. The best are to be seen in the portance in the scenery. The promontory of island of Suderoe. They are very seldom used, Niepen, in Stromoe, presents a beautiful range except for carrying home fuel from the mosses; of columns. There are some in Osteroe which there being no roads and no wheel carriages. are lofty, but, from their situation, not very The inhabitants are also employed in catching striking. Several very curious columnar rocks sea birds both for their flesh and feathers, the are to be seen in Suderve and Mygenæs. The former forming a good portion of their food, highest mountain is the Skellingfell, or Skielinge fresh or dried; and in hunting the seal for its Field, which rises very abruptly, terminating in a skin and oil. The fishery, which was formerly small platform. It exceeds 3000 feet in height; considerable, is now reduced to barely sufficient but it has not yet been very accurately meafor the consumption of the inhabitants, the fish sured. The frequency of fog, which often sudhaving forsaken these coasts; the principal kinds denly envelopes the adventurous traveller, even are hollibut, cod, haddock, and sey (gadus vi- in fine weather, renders the ascent of the Feroe rens.) Shoals of small whales, of 100 to 1000, mountains a very hazardous undertaking. The arrive periodically, and a great number are height of Slatturtind, in Osteroe, is 2825 feet; killed for their oil as well as for food. Seals and there are several mountains in the same were formerly taken in great numbers in the island, which appear equally high. There is caverns but they are not so numerous now. nothing in Feroe which can be called a valley.

Many of the inhabitants speak English, a Of the few lakes, the largest is in the island oí considerable intercourse having been kept up Vaagoe, being about three miles long, and one between these islands and Scotland during both in breadth. Beyond the upper end of the lakes the American and French wars. Some differ- there is generally a small extent of fat ground. ences having taken place in the year 1809 be- Barley is the principal article imported from tween some British merchants and the Icelanders, Denmark : pease, rye, meal, and oats being less an order in council was issued, commanding Bri- commonly used. In the year 1812, 5650 barrels tish subjects to consider the Icelanders, Faroese, of grain and meal were imported. It appears and the people of the Danish settlements in that a single mercantile house in Copenhagen Greenland, as stranger friends, and permitting a has of late years had a monopoly of the supply of trade between these places and the ports of Lon- these islands. don, Leith, and Liverpool, on certain conditions. The bird-catchers here are very adventurous. The money and the value of all the goods of Sir G. Mackenzie supplies the following account which Feroe and Iceland had been robbed by of their modes of procedure :- The fowlers are some privateers were also restored. In 1811, the provided with long poles, to the ends of which maritime war interrupting the supplies of the are fastened small poke nets. They display Faroese, a small but adequate export from Bri- great dexterity in casting this instrument over tain was permitted. Many romantic scenes are the birds, which invariably make towards the presented in the formation and appearance of water when they are disturbed. It is this these islands; and there is scarcely a promon- anxiety of the birds to seek the element in which tory or detached rock that does not present their security is to be found, which gives cersomething combining singularity with magnifi- tainty to the exertions of the fowler. The

Of these, the rock called the Witch's birds push their heads through the meshes of the Finger and the little island called Tindholm, the net, which, being dexterously inverted, keeps one on the east and the other on the west side of them suspended by the neck. When a fowling Vaagoe, are perhaps the most remarkable. The expedition is undertaken, two men fasten themformer is detached from the adjoining precipice selves to a rope, so that there may be eight or almost to the bottom. From some points of ten fathoms of it between them. One assists view it has the appearance of a grand square the other to ascend the rock by means of a pole, tower, surmounted by a lofty spire; and, when at the end of which is a hook, which is fastened the light falls in a particular direction, the re to the band of the climber's breeches, or io a semblances of a door and windows are quite rope tied round his waist, and thus he is pushed distinct a distance of five miles. When viewed up: but the most common method is for the in that position in which it appears detached climber to seat himself on a board fastened to

om the rock, it is not unlike a huge finger the end of the pole. They often ascend frightful


cliffs without any assistance. When the first fields, formed into circles, moving round in slow nas zot to a place where he has some footing, he cadence (which they call dancing) to a song in helps the other up by means of the rope to which which sometimes fifteen or twenty voices juin. they are both fastened. When they have gained The religious establishment of the whole of the elevation where the birds are pretty nume- these islands is under the superintendence of a rous, they assist each other from cliff to cliff. provost. There are seven parishes, and thirtyIt sometimes happens that one of them falls and nine places of worship, so that the duty of the pulls the other after him, when both are precipi- clergy is exceedingly laborious. The stipends iated into the sea, or dashed to pieces on the are inconsiderable, and are chiefly paid in kind. projecting rocks. When the rocks are so high and To the glebes a permanent stock of sheep, and smooth as to render it impossible for the fowlers sometimes a few cows, are attached. Glebes are to ascend, they are let down by means of a also provided for the widows of the clergy. strong rope from above. To prevent the rope Barley bread with milk or fat generally conbeing cut, a piece of wood is placed at the verge stitute the breakfast of the common people. In of the precipice. By means of a small line, the the autumn, when the lambs are slaughtered for fowler makes signals to those above, and they let drying, the blood is boiled with the milk. Dinhim down or pull him up accordingly. When ner consists of fish and water gruel, improved be reaches a shelf of the rock where the birds by being boiled with bones or fat. Soup is bare their nests, he unties himself, and proceeds sometimes made with fresh or dried meat, and to take them. Sometimes he places himself on turnip leaves. Dried lamb is eaten raw with a projecting rock, and, using his net with great tallow, and dried whale Aesh is esteemed a deadroitness, he catches the birds as they fly past licacy. On holydays a large pot is placed on the him; and this they call heining. This mode of fire, and a quantity of sea-birds boiled for supcatching birds is even practised while the fowiers per. The quantity of fat which these people are suspended. When a projection of the rock devour, and the state in which the rest of their is between the fowler and the place where the animal food is taken into the stomach, might be birds are, he swings himself from the rock deemed unwholesome; yet diseases are not freso far that he turns round the projection. In quent, and the appearance of the inhabitants this, great address and courage are requisite, every where is robust and healthy. Elephanas well as in swinging under a projection into a tiasis was formerly a prevalent disorder, and an cavern. When he cannot, with the help of his hospital was established near Thorshavn for the pole, swing far enough, he lets down a line to reception of lepers. The remedies used by the people stationed in a boat below, who swing natives are simple, and, as might be expected, him, by means of it, as far as is necessary to harmless and ineffectual, such as soaking the enable him to gain a safe place to stand upon. parts affected in water, into which a piece of old Besides being exposed to the risk of the rope gold or silver coin, or some ornament, is put, breaking, the fowler is frequently in danger of and decoctions of various plants applied exterbeing crushed by pieces of the rock falling down nally. The only surgical operation performed upon him.-Such are the hazardous means to is the extirpation of the uvula, when, from rewhich these poor people resort for procuring laxation, it lengthens and obstructs the passage

to the stomach and lungs. There is a surgeon The houses in Thorshavn are crowded together established at Thorshavn, with a salary from the without any regularity. The roofs are covered Danish government. first with birch bark, brought from Norway, over The inale dress consists entirely of woollen. which turf is laid. The green color of the tops stuffs, manufactured in the country. Their of the houses, assimilating with that of the soil jackets, which are worn in their ordinary occuasound the town, renders the place almost in- pations, are knitted, and ornamented with figuresvisible from the sea. The house of the com- in colored worsted. In full dress, they wear a mandant is the best furnished, but that of the long frock of a dark brown or black color, and land-foged (who is here high sheriff as well as breeches of the same. Their shoes are made of treasurer) is the most spacious. Though the sheep-skin, slightly tanned with the root of torexterior of the buildings does not promise much, mentilla They are formed by cutting a piece of yet the rooms are generally neat and clean. The askin proper length and breadth, and puckering, pason is a wretched stone building, in which very neatly, the parts for the toes and heel : the those convicted of crimes, such as sheep-stealing, fastening is a white woollen thong, knitted for are confined for several years. They are brought the purpose, and tied round the legs. The dress. cut occasionally, however, to work when any cap is formed like a bishop's mitre; on ordinary thing particular is required to be done. At the occasions they wear woollen caps, and sometimes mouth of the harbour are the remains of a small caps of skin, with the hairy part outermost. The but strong fort, the guns of which were de- men never cut their hair; and to appearance selstroyed by the British in the year 1808.

dom comb or wash it. The women wear their The hospitality of the Faroese is remarkable, hair combed backwards from the forehead, and and in their polite and respectful deportment, have white linen caps with : broad stiff border and strict honesty, they are no where exceeded. of coarse lace, rising perpendicularly. The cap To religious duties they pay the most regular is fastened by a colored silk or cotton kerchief attention. Almost every village has a church. tied under the chin, with a piece of riband floatOn the Sunday evenings, and on holydays, the ing behind. The rest of the dress much resempeople give themselves up to merriment. In bles that of the peasantry of Scotland, the matefine weather, groups of them are seen in the rials being coarser. They wear aprons, and


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