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FELTHAM (Owen), an English author de

Thus we chastise the god of wide scended of a respectable Suffolk family, was

With water that is feminine, born about the middle of the seventeenth cen

Until the cooler nymph abate tury. He resiaed, many years in the family of His wrath, and so concorporate Cleavelanud the earl of Thomond, during which he published

Female of sex it seems.

Milton. his only known work, which is of great inerit,

Swarming next appeared entitled Resolves, Divine, Political, and Moral. The female bee, that feeds her husband drone. It went through twelve editions before the year 1709; and a thirteenth has lately appeared under

Other suns, perhaps,

With their attendant moons thou wilt descry, the superintendence of Mr. Cumming of the

Communicating male and female lignt; Board of Control. The author died about

Which two grea! sexes animate the world. Id. 1678.

He scrupled not to eat FELTING, in the mechanical arts, is the pro Against his better knowledge, not deceived, cess by which hair, wool, or silk is worked into

But fondly overcome with female charm. Id. a compact texture, without spinning or weaving ; 0! why did God create at last chiefly employed in the manufacture of hats. This novelty on earth, this fair defect See Hat Making.

Of nature ? And not fill the world at once FELTRE, or Feltri, the antient Feltria, With men, as angels, without feminine. Id. a town and bishop's see of the Austro-Venetian

If in the minority of natural viguur the parts of feterritory, in the delegation of Beluno. It has minality take place, upon the increase or growth

thereof the masculine appears.

Brotone. a population of 5200, and stands in a mountainous district, at the conflux of two small every line, with the Spaniard promiscuously, and

The female rhymes are in use with the Italian in rivers, not far from the Piave. It is well built, with the French alternately, as appears from the Alahaving a handsome square, a cathedral, and a rique, the Pucelle, or any of their later poems. provincial academy; it is likewise a place of

Dryden's Preface lo Ann. Mirab. some strength. In 1809 Buonaparte conferred If by a female hand he had foreseen the title of duke of Feltre on general Clarke, He was to die, his wish had rather been bis minister of war. It is fifty-three miles The lance and double ax of the fair warrior queen. borth-west of Verona, and eighty-three north of

Dryden. Padua.

So should young sympathy in female form, FELUŃCCA, 1. s. Fr. felouque ; Arab. felkon.

Climb the tall rock, spectatress of the storm ; A small open boat with six oars.

Life's sinking wrecks with secret sighs deplore,

And bleed for others' woes, herself on shore. I took a felucca at Naples to carry me to Rome.

Darwin. Addison.

My heart is feminine, nor can forgetFELUDJE, FELugia, or Anbar, a small

To all, except one image, madly blind; modern town of Asiatic Turkey, situated on the So sbakes the needle, and so stands the pole, east bank of the river Euphrates, north of Hallah. As vibrates my fond heart to my fixed soul. In the neighbourhood dates, grapes, grain, and

Byron. cotton, are produced. Here Soliman the Great, Of higher birth he seemed, and better days, pacha of Bagdad, erected a palace; and the No mark of vulgar toil that hand betrays, place was anciently of great celebrity ; it was So femininely white it might bespeak taken by the Romans under the emperor Julian,

Another sex, wben matched with that smooth

cheek. who reduced it to ashes.

But for his garb, and something in his gaze,
FEMALE, n. s. & adj.) Fr. femme, femelle ;
FEMALE-RHYMES,

More wild and high than woman's eye betrays.
Lai. femella, à

Id. FE'MINALITY,

fatu (Ainsworth). FEM'ININE, 1. s. & adj. A she'; one of the FEMERN, an island of Denmark, in the BalFEMINITY.

sex that produces tic, opposite to the coast of Holstein ; its circuit is young; a woman : female and feminine, mean about thirty miles ; its population 7600. Part of or pertaining to the female sex; soft; tender; of it is under tillage, the rest affords good pasdelicate: female-rhymes, are double rhymes; see turage. Fishing is one of the chief means of below: feminality and feminity, female nature; subsistence here; but the women are employed the quality or behavior of women.

in the knitting of stockings. God created mac in his own image ; male and fe- of nouns. See Gender. The feminine gender

FEMININE, in grammar, one of the genders male created be them.

If he offer it of the herd, whether it be male or in Latin, is formed of the masculine, by altering female, he shall offer it without blemish. Levit. its termination; particularly changing us and er

Hether great Venus brought this infant fayre, into a or ra. Thus, of the masculine bonus The yonger daughter of Chrysogoner,

equus, a good horse, is formed the feminine bona And unto Psyche, with great trust and care,

equa, a good mare; but this rule is far from Committed her, yfostered to bee,

being universal, most adjectives of the third deAnd trained up in true feminitee.

clension having the terminations of both genSpenser': Faerie Queene.

ders alike, and some those of all the three the same. Men, more divine,

In French, the feminine gender is generally exIndued with intellectual sense and soul, Are masters to their females, and their lords.

pressed, not by a different termination, but by a Shakspeare.

different article: thus, le is joined to a male, Ninias was no man of war at all, but together

and la to a ferrale. In English, the difference feminine, and subjected to ease and delicacy. of sex is generally expressed by different words;

Raleigh's History. as boy and girl, brother and sister, boar and

sow, &c. though sometimes the feminine is The hungry crocodile, and hissing snake, formed by varying the termination of the male Lurk in the troubled stream and fenny brake. into ess; as in abbot, abbess, &c.

Prior, FEM'ORAL, adj. Lat. femorulis. Belong

Mountains, and fens, and rivers, set bounds to deing to the thigh.

spotic power, and amidst these is the natural seat of

freedom and independence. The largest crooked needle should be used in taking

Robertson's History of Scotland, up the femoral arteries in amputation. Sharp. The star of Autumn rays his misty hair ;

FEMORIS os, the thigh bone, a long cylin Fierce from his fens the giant Ague springs. drical bone, situated between the pelvis and

Danoin. tibia. Its upper extremity affords three con Ten thousand forms by pining fancy viewed siderable processes; the head, the trochanter

Dissolve.- Above the sparkling flood

When Phæbus rears his awful brow, major, and trochanter minor. The head, which forms about two-thirds of a sphere, is turned

From lengthening lawn and valley low

The troops of fen-born mists retire. Beattie. inwards, and is received into the acetabulum of the os innominatum. It is covered by a carti

FEN. See DRAINING. Fens are either made lage, which is thickest in the middle, but which up of a congeries of bogs, or consist of a mulis wanting in its lower internal part, where its

titude of pools or lakes, with dry spots of land place is supplied by a round spongy fossa, to

intermixed like so many little islands. The fens which the strong ligament, usually called the

in Lincolnshire and elsewhere in England, bring round ligament, is attached. This is about an

many advantages to the inhabitants. Fowls and inch in length, flattish, and of a triangular shape,

fish are very plentiful in them. The pikes and having its narrow extremity attached to the fossa,

eels are large and easily caught, but they are while the broader end is fixed obliquely to the

usually coarse. Ducks, mallards, and teals, are rough surface near the inner and anterior edge

in such plenty as is scarcely to be conceived. They of the acetabulum of the os innominatum. The are taken by decoys in prodigious Rocks; but imhead of the os femoris is supported obliquely,

provements in drainage are annually banishing with respect to the rest of the bone, by a smaller these ancient distinctions of the fen districts. part, called the cervix, which, in the generality

The people have another very great advantage of subjects, is about an inch in length. The from these birds, in their feathers and quills

. lower extremity of the os femoris is larger than

Oats grow very well in many of the fen counthe upper one, and flattened, so as to form two tries, and in good seasons bring great advantage surfaces, of which the anterior one is broad and of great profit to them, i. e. the brassica napus ;

to the owners. There is also another vegetable convex, and the posterior narrower and slightly concave, This end of the bone terminates in the seed of which they call cole seed; and make two large protuberances, called condyles, which

an oil from it of great use in trade. are united before so as to form a pulley, but are

In Cambridgeshire the fen lands occupy perseparated behind by a considerable cavity, in haps a third of the whole surface of the county: which the crural vessels and nerves are secured the soil here is rich, black, and deep. In the from the compression to which they would other neighbourhood of Wisbeach it consists of a mixwise be exposed in the action of bending the of chalk, gravel, loam, and clay. Agues were

ture of sand and clay, or silt, and the uplands leg. FEN, n. s. Saxon, fenn; Goth. and once very common here; but are much diminished Fen'BERRY, Welsh, fen ; Teut. fenn ; BelFen’eorn, adj. gic, veen; Fr. fange; Italian,

The former state of the fen lands, and their FEN'NY, adj. fango. A marsh; bog; low, degradation to their present state, are given at FEN'SUCKED. fat ground. Fenberry is a

length in the Agricultural Report, chiefly from kind of blackberry: fenny, belonging to, or in

an able pamphlet by lord Hardwicke, a great habiting fens. Fenn-sucked, drawn out of the proprietor here. It was the opinion of Atkins, a fens.'

commissioner of sewers in the reign of James I.

1604, that these fens, a space of upwards of I go alone, Like to a lonely dragon, that his fen

280,000 acres, were once of the nature of landMakes feared and talked of more than seen.

meadows, fruitful, healthy, and very gainful to Shakspeare.

the inhabitants, and yielded much relief to the Fillet of a fenny snake,

highland counties in time of great droughts. In the cauldron boil and bake,

Id. Sir W. Dugdale, who was born 1605, and died Infect her beauty,

1686, was of the same opinion, adding as a You fensucked fogs, drawn by the powerful sun.

proof, ‘that great numbers of timber trees (oaks,

Id. King Lear. firs, &c.) formerly grew there, as is plain from Mexico is a city that stands in the midst of a great many being found in digging canals and drains, marsh or fen. Abbot's Description of the World. some of them severed from their roots, the roots The fen-born serpent.

Milton, standing as they grew, in firm earth, below the Driving in of piles is used for stone or brick houses, channel of Wisbeach river, at eight feet below

moor.' In 1635 the workmen, on deepening the and that only where the ground proves fenny or moorish.

Moxon. the then bottom, discovered a second bottom, He to Portina's watery marshes went; which was stony, with seven boats lying in it, A long canal the muddy fen divides,

covered with silt. And at Whittlesea, on digging And with a clear unsullied current glides. through the moor at eight feet deep, a perfect

Addison. soil was found with swards of grass lying on it, The surface is of black fen earth. Woodward. as they were at first mown. Henry of Hunting

of late years.

doir, who lived in the reign of Stephen, 1135, its being deemed unjust, a gradual one was described this fenny country 'as pleasant and adopted, which is now acted upon. In the year agreeable to the eye; watered by many rivers 1697 the Bedford level was divided into three which run through it, diversified by many large districts, north, middle, and south; having one and small lakes, and adorned by many woods surveyor for each of the former, and two for the and islands.' And William of Malmsbury, who latter. In 1753 the north level was separated lived in the first year of Henry II. 1154, has by act of parliament from the rest. In addition painted the state of the land round Thorney in to the public acts obtained for draining the fens, the most glowing colors : he says, it is a very several private ones have been granted, for paradise, in pleasure and delight it resembles draining separate districts with their limits, notheaven itself; the very marshes abounding in withstanding which, and the vast sums expended, trees, whose length without knots do emulate the much remains to be done; a great part of the stars.' "The plain there is as level as the sea, fens is now (1806) in danger of inundation; this which, with the flourishing of the grass, allureth calamity has visited them many times, producing the eye; in some parts there are apple-trees, in effects distressing and extensive beyond concepothers vines.' It appears then, on the authority tion, indeed many hundred acres of valuable of the authors quoted, that the fens were for- land now drowned, the misfortune aggravated merly wood and pasture. The engineers were by the proprietors being obliged to continue to of opinion that the country in question formerly pay a heavy tax, notwithstanding the loss of ineadow and wood, now fen, became so from their land. partial embankments preventing the waters from The interior drainage is performed in most the uplands going to the sea by their natural places by windmills, which are very uncertain in outfalls; want of proper and sufficient drains to their effects. Steam has been tried, and there convey these waters into the Ouse; neglect of can be no doubt would be incomparably prefersuch drains as were made for that purpose; and able, as working in all weathers. that these evils increased from the not embanking Embanking may be considered a necessary the river Ouse, and the erection of sluices across accompaniment of draining on the fen-lands. it preventing the flux and reflux of the sea; the The fens are divided into three large levels, and pot widening and deepening, where wanted, the each of these are subdivided into numerous river Ouse; and from not removing the gravels, districts by banks; but as these banks are made Weeds, &c., which have from time to time accu of fen-moor, and other light materials, whenever mulated in it,

the rivers are swelled with waters or any one The first attempt at draining any part of the district is deluged, either by rain, a breach of feos appears w have been made in the time of banks, or any other cause, the waters speedily Edward I. (1272, &c.); many others with various pass through these bright, moory, porous banks, success followed. The famous John of Gaunt, and drown all the circumjacent districts. The or Ghent, who died in 1393, and Margaret, fens have sometimes sustained £20,000 or countess of Richmond, were amongst the draining £30,000 damage by a breach of banks; but adventurers; but Gough, in his addition to these accidents seldom happen in the same disCamden, says "the reign of Elizabeth may be trict twice in twenty years; the water bowever, properly fixed on as the period when the level soaks through all fen banks every year in every began to become immediately a public case. district; and when the water-mills have lifted Many plans were proposed and abandoned the waters up out of the fens into the rivers in a between that time and 1634, when king Charles windy day, a great part of the water soaks back I. granted a charter of incorporation to Francis, through the porous banks in the night upon the earl of Bedford, and thirteen gentlemen adven- same land again. This water that soaks through turers with him, who jointly undertook to drain the bank, drowns the wheat in the winter, washes the level on a condition that they ahould have the manure into the dykes, destroys the best nagranted to them, as a recompense, 95,000 acres tural and artificial grasses, and prevents the fens (about one-third of the level). In 1649 this from being sown till too late in the season. This charter was confirmed to William, earl of Bed- stagnant water, lying on the surface, causes also ford, and his associates, by the convention par- fen agues, &c.; thus the waters that have soaked liament; and in 1653, the level being declared through the porous fen banks have done the fercompletely drained, the 95,000 acres were con- tile fens more real injury than all the other floods veyed to the adventurers, who had expended that have ever come upon them. The remedy £400,000, which is almost £4 4s. per acre on for the soaking through of the water is obviously the 95,000 acres, and about £1 8s. on the whole that of forming a puddle wall in the middle, breadth, if the whole level contain 285,000 which appears to have been first thought of acres, and it is generally supposed to contain among the fen bank-makers by Smith of Chat300,000 acres. In 1664 the corporation called teris, a professed embanker. See our article Conservators of the great level of the fens was EMBANKMENTS. With respect to embanking established. This body was empowered to levy from the sea, Vancouver is of opinion that the taxes on the 95,000 acres, to defray whatever ground ought to be covered by nature with samexpenses might arise in their preservation ; but phire or other plants, or with grass, before an only 83,000 acres were vested in the corporation, attempt is made to embank it: there is particular in trust for the earl of Bedford and his asso- danger in being too grasping. "If the sea has not ciates; the remaining 12,000 were allotted, 10,000 raised the salt marsh to its fruitful level, all exto the king, and 2000 to the earl of Portland. pectation of benefit is vein, the soil being immaAt first the levy was an equal acre tax, but upon ture, and not ripened for e..closure; and if again,

with a view of grasping a great extent of salt If a throstle sing, he falls strait a capering : marsh, the banks or sea wall be pushed farther He will fence with his own shadow. Shakspeare. outwards than where there is a firm and secure I'll prove it on his body, if he dare, foundation for it to stand upon, the bank will

Despite his nice fence and his active practice. Id blow up, and in both cases great losses and dis The' inhabitants each pasture and each plain appointments will ensue.'

Destroyed have, each field to waste is laid; Paring and burning land is every where ap

In fenced towers bestowed is their grain, proved of, and considered the sine qua non of

Before thou cam'st this kingdom to invade.

Fairfar. the fen districts, in breaking up turf. Without

Calmness is great advantage ; he that lets it corn crops are destroyed by the grub and

Another chafe, may warm him at his tire, wire-worm. Colonel Adeane, of Barbraham, has

Mark all his wand'rings, and enjoy his frets; 300 acres of meadows, which have been irrigated

As cunning fencers suffer heat to tire. Herbert. from the time of queen Elizabeth. Pallavicino, who was collector of Peter's pence in England, the foil will be in your bosom when you thought it a

A nimble fencer will put in a thrust so quick, that at the death of queen Mary, having £30,000 or

yard off.

Digby. £40,000 in his hands, had the art to turn Pro So much of adders' wisdom I have learnt, testant on the accession of queen Elizabeth, and To fence my ear against thy sorceries. Milton. appropriated the money to his own use; he

Are not the fences of discipline cast down? Is there bought with it an estate at Barbraham and other any conscience made of violating laws ? Bartou. lands near Bournbridge; and procuring a grant A beauteous heifer in the wood is bred; from the crown, of the river which passes

The stooping warriors aiming head to head, through them, was enabled legally to build a Engage their clashing horns; with dreadful sound sluice across it, and throw as much of the water The forest rattles, and the rocks rebound; as was necessary into a new canal of irrigation, They fence and push, and, pushing, loudly roar, which he dug to receive it in the method so well Their dewlaps and their sides are bath'd in gore. known, and commonly practised in Italy long

Dryden.

Shall I mention make before that period. The canals and the sluices

Of the vast mound that binds the Lucrine lake! are all well designed, and are the work of a man

Or the disdainful sea, that, shut from thence, evidently well acquainted with the practice; but,

Roars round the structure, and invades the fence. in taking the waters from them for spreading it

. by small channels over the meadows, there does

With love to friend, the impatient lover went, not seem to be the least intelligence or knowledge Fenc'd with the thorns, and trod the deep descent. of the husbandry of watering. No other art is

Id. exerted but that merely of opening in the bank There's no fonce against inundations, earthquakes, of the river small cuts for letting the water flow or hurricanes.

L'Estrange. on to the meadows always laterally, and never A man that cannot fence will keep out of bullies longitudinally, so necessary in works of this and gamesters' company.

Locke. kind. The water then finds its own distribution, The only fence against the world is a thorough and so irregularly, that many parts receive toó knowledge of it; into which a young gentleman should much, and others none at all. From the traces be entered by degrees, as he can bear it ; and the left of small channels in different parts of the earlier the better, so he can be in safe and skilful

Id. meadows, it would appear that the ancient dis hands to guide him. tribution formed under Pallavicino is lost, and If a man be to prepare his son for duels, I had that we see nothing at present but the miserable rather mine should be a gond wrestler than an ordipatch-work of workmen ignorant of the business. nary fencer, which is the most a gentleman can attain Irrigation has not spread from this example, but to, unless he will be constantly in the fencingschool, might be extensively practised on the banks of all

and every day exercising.

Id. the rivers.

Each motion of the heart rises to fury,

And love in their weak bosoms is a rage FENCE, n. s., v. a. & v.n. Latin, fendo, As terrible as hate, and as destructive : FENCE'Less, adj.

to drive away.

So the wind roars o'er the wide fenceles ocean, FENCE'FUL,

Guard ; defence; And heaves the billows of the boiling deep, FEN'CER, n. s.

( security; enclo Alike from North, from South. FENC'IBLE, adj. sure; the art or

Rowe's Jane Shore, FENC'Ing, n. s.

skill of defending

Let us bear this awfuì corpse to Cæsar, FENC'ING-MASTER,

one's self. To

And lay it in his sight, that it may stand FENC'ING-SCHOOL. fence is to enclose A fence betwixt us and the victor's wrath.

Addison. or guard : as a neuter verb, to practise the art of fencing; to guard against : fenceful, affording

While a man is learning to fence, he practises both

on friend and foe; but when he is a maste: in the art protection : fenceless, exposed; without defence :

he never exerts it but on what he thinks the right side. fencer and fercing-masters, are professors of the

Id. Spectator. art of fencing: fencible, capable of defence: See that the churchyard be fenced in with a decent fencing, the art of using weapons for defence rail or other inclosure. Ayliffe's Parergon. and occasional assault: fencing-school, a place

Minerva where the use of such weapons is taught. Taught artists first the carving tool to wield,

Chariots with brass to arm, and form the fenceful Thou hast clothed me with skin and flesh, and hast

shield.

Congrede. fenced me with bones and sinews. Job x. 11.

These, oeing polemical arts, could no more be He went about to make a bridge to a strong city, learned alone than fencing or cudgelplaying. which was fenced about with walls. 2 Moc. xii. 13.

Arbuthnot und Pope.

Bemploy their wiles and unavailing care, deep tosse, then, in order to make a fence against To pass the fences and surprise the fair. Pope. cattle, if the wall be four feet high, and slight That proved not fence enough to the reputation of posts of three feet high are placed just behind heir oppressors.

Decay of Piety. the wall, with a stall chain carried on from I wat she was a sheep o' sense,

post to post, no cattle or deer will ever attempt An' could behave herself wi' mense :

to jump against it; therefore it will be a secure I'll say't she never brak a fence,

fence against them; and if, these are painted Through thievish greed.

green they will not be discerned at a distance,

Burns. and at the same time the chain will secure perWe give some Latia, and a smatch of Greek ;

sons walking in the garden from falling over. Teach him to fence and figure twice a week;

In places where there are no good prospects to And having done, we think, the best we can,

be obtained from a garden, it is common to make Praise his proficiency, and dub him man.

Cowper.

the enclosure of park-pailing ; which, if well perThither he hied, enamour'd of the scene.

formed, will last many years, and has a much For rocks on rocks piled, as by magic spell,

better appearance than a wall: and this pale Here scorch'd with lightning, there with ivy green,

may be hid from the sight within, by plantations Penc'd from the north and east this savage dell.

of shrubs and evergreens; or there may be a

Beattie. quick hedge planted within the pale, which may Then for accomplishments of chivalry,

be trained up, so as to be an excellent fence by In case our lord the king should go to war again, he time the pales begin to decay. Fences round He learn'd the arts of riding, fencing, gunnery, parks are generally of paling; which if well And how to scale a fortress—or a nunnery. made of winter fallen oak, will last many years.

Byron.

But a principal thing to be observed is, not to Fence, in gardening and husbandry, wall, make them too heavy, else their own weight will ditch, bank, or other enclosure, made round gar- make them decay; therefore the pales should be dens, fields, woods, &c. In hot climates, where cleft thin; and the rails should be cut triangular, they have no occasion for walls to ripen their to prevent the wet lodging upon them; and the fruit, their gardens lie open, where they can posts should be good, and not placed too far have a water fence, and prospects; or else they asunder. One of these pales will thus last upare bounded with groves, which are much more wards of forty years. The common way of pleasing to the sight than dead walls; but, in making these fences is, to have every other pale cold countries, we are obliged to have walls to nine or ten inches above the intermediate ones ; shelter and ripen our fruit, although they take away so that the fence may be six feet and a half high, much from the pleasant prospect of the garden. which is enough for fallow deer; but, where Brick walls are accounted the best and warmest there are red deer, the fence should be one foot for fruit; and these being built pannel-wise, higher, otherwise they will leap over. Some enwith pillars at equal distances, save a great deal close their parks withi brick walls; and, in counof expense, as they can be built thinner than if tries where stone is cheap, the walls are built they were made plain without the pannels; and with this material; some with, and others withbesides, these pannels make the walls look the out, mortar. A kitchen garden if rightly conbandsomer. Stone walls, however, on account trived, will contain walling enough to afford a of their durability, are to be preferred to brick, supply of such fruits as require the assistance of especially those of square hewn stones. Those that walls, for any family: and being situated on one are made of rough stones, though they are very side, and quite out of sight of the house, may be dry and warm, yet, by their unevenness, are in- surrounded with walls which will screen the convenient to nail up trees to, unless pieces of kitchen garden from the sight of persons in the timber be laid in them here and there for that pleasure garden; and, being locked up, the fruit purpose. But, in large gardens, it is better to will be much better preserved than it can be in have the prospect open to the pleasure garden; the public garden. Too great a quantity of wallwhich should be surrounded with a fosse, that ing is often the occasion that so many ill-managed from the garden the adjacent country may be trees are to be seen in large gardens. The height viewed. Where the fosses are made round a gar- of garden walls should be twelve feet, which is a deu which is situated in a park, they are ex- moderate proportion; and, if the soil be good, it tremely proper; because hereby the prospect of may in time be well furnished with bearing the park will be obtained in the garden, which wood in every part, especially that part planted Tenders those gardens much more agreeable than with pears, notwithstanding the branches being those that are confined. In making these fosses trained horizontally from the bottom of the there have been many inventions : but, Miller, walls. See HortiCULTURE. in his Gardener's Dictionary, reckons none pre Dr. Anderson, in his Essays on Agriculture, ferable to those which have an upright wall next &c., observes, that, “The fences that are most the garden, which (where the soil will admit of universally employed, are either stone dikes or a deep trench) should be five or six feet high; hedges. Dikes, if well built, as effectually preand, from the foot of this wall, the ground on the serve a field from the intrusion of domestic anioutside should rise with a gradual easy slope, to mals, as any other kind of fence whatever; but the distance of eighteen or twenty feet; and, they afford'little warmth or shelter to the fields: where it can be allowed, if it slopes much farther whereas hedges, if good, answer both these purit will be easier, and less perceptible as a ditch, poses equally well. But the most material disto the eye, when viewed at a distance; but if the tinction between dikes and hedges is, that dikes ground 'is naturally wet, so as not to admit a are in the highest degree of perfection as soon as

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