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appointments, these bave been too much in prayer! 'The memorable night before the adopted end and aim of preacher and Livingstone preached at that time a people. We complain of Popery, bigotry. sermon on the sacrament, when, under poverty, emigration, death, retarding the that discourse, five hundred were conwork of God in Ireland. True we have verted, the ministers and people waited to grapple with all these trials; but we in prayer and wrestled with God till have a worse, yea a deadlier foe to con morning dawned on them. In Kilsyth, tend with! Would to God that this was eight hundred were converted to God in not true! Ministers of Christ, consider answer to prayer; a revival of religion well this matter.
in 1839. Does the Lord sead men empty It is said of charity, that "it should away? No, no. He answered the probegin at home, but it need not end there." tracted, believing prayers of Waller and So I would begin at home with proof Smith, in the salvation of hundreds and and self-condemnation. I feel convic- thousands of immortal souls! Let us tions of guilt and blame as I write. adopt the practice, and try the plans What amount of sacrifice have I made that urged forward the Methodist chariot for Christ, to promote his cause and with such rapid, all but miraculous glory in the earth? Wbat amount of speed in primitive days! Imitate those time have I devoted to prayer for the sainted men of God, and we shall soon descent of the Holy Ghost during the have apostolical Christianity in all its past ten or twenty years ? What time simple glory and saving power! We have I spent in holy communion, ardent shall yet have back also Primitive Mewrestling, agonizing prayer to God for å thodism! and then the sound of revivals lost world? What time spent in sup- will be heard in all our Churches. plication, protracted knocking at the In America, the land of revivals, all door of mercy; anxious waiting at Je. denominations of orthodox Christians hovah's throne, for “ power from on high" hold protracted meetings for praver for to “ go forth and preach the Word with the descent of the Holy Ghost. Shops the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven ?" are closed for days and weeks, worldly Let us all find fault with ourselves, for business is suspended for prayer and the we are “ verily guilty before God." preaching of the Word. In that land Wesley, and Fletcher, and J. Walsh they are favoured with almost constant took no denial when at private devotion. revivals. In the year 1822, the Presby. These servants of the Most High God terian Church at Albany, State of New prayed and wrestled with the Saviour, York, had fourteen hundred souls conand so far prevailed with the God-Man, verted to God in protracted revival serthat in leaving the closet for their labours vices, held for a few weeks. A short time they had as powerful a conviction that ago, if I mistake not in 1844, we had God would save sinners through their 1600 souls added to our Churches in the preaching as they had evidence of their Canadas by the above means. By our own own existence. How is it with us, my reports we are informed that our Canabeloved brethren, ministers of God? dian brethren are often favoured with Have you ever spent one hour with God special outpourings of the Spirit and inin prayer for a revival in the Church ? gathering of souls, by labour, prayer, Have you ever spent a night in this hal and special protracted revival services. lowed exercise ? Waller and Smith spent Let our beloved brethren in Ireland, on many a night in prayer to God for the all the stations, begin this “ work of salvation of souls. In the great and faith and labour of love" in simple deglorious revival that broke out at a pendance upon the Spirit, and he will place near Glasgow, in the year 1742, come down in all his fulness and pleni. ministers and people spent whole nights tude of power!
OUR MISSIONS.—THEIR CLAIMS CONSIDERED AND ENFORCED.
The following remarks appended to the Report of our Canadian Auxiliary Missionary Society, which has just come to hand, deserve the attention of our readers, both for their intrinsic excel lence and the encouragement they furnish to increased liberality in the support of & cause by which God is glorified, and the present and eternal happiness of man secured.
“The principle which actuates the genuine missionary band is derived from Heaven; and whether traced back to its source, followed onward through its progress, or contemplated in its final results, recommends itself to every rational creature. That principle is benevolence--the love or benevolence of Christ which constraineth us to employ our talents in promoting the salvation of
lost men. In the life of the blessed Redeemer we have a living personification of love; and when the professed followers of the Saviour imitate this example, but not till then, may they with justice claim the name of Christian. Times have been when but little of this energetic, Christ-like benevolence existed in the world; but these have not been the palmy days of the Church. The missionary zeal and enterprize of a Church furnish an unquestionable crite rion whereby we may judge of its religious attainments at any given point of time. It is utterly unreasonable and vain to expect a community to cry and sigh' for the condition of others, when spi ritual desolation reigns in their own souls. Often and truthfully has it been observed that 'charity,' or the love of God begins at home.' Self furnishes the starting point and the first scene of its operations; and it differs mainly from the sinful, self-love of the world in that it rests not at home. Disinterested and expansive, like its Divine author, the missionary spirit' stretches its arms like seas,' and as the limit of its operations, 'grasps in all the shore.' Wherever ignorance, sin and misery have established their court—whether in civilized or savage nations, whether in the city fall' or amid the wild scenery of the back-woodsthe Church, imbued with a missionary spirit, finds an appropriate place for carryiog on her operations.
“Entertaining these sentiments, your Committee contemplates with pleasure the present position as well as the past labours of our little band; nor would we omit to record our devout gratitude to the God of Missions for the wide fields of usefulness he has opened up before us, and the success with which he has crowned the labours of our Missionaries. Every sinner converted from the error of his way (and we rejoice to state that such instances have not been few the past year) is an attestation of the divine commission under which we act, au evidence of the presence of the angel of the covenant with our vanquishing hosts, a stimulus to greater effort and a pledge of future success. On most of our stations such animating indications have been vouchsafed. The dissemination of divine truth has resulted in the awakening of the careless and indiffe. rent to thoughtfulness and prayer, to penitence and faith. Deaths and removals have to some extent diminished our namber, yet the Circuit returns show on increase of 328 during the past year; and to such an extent have our Circuits
been enlarged that the division of several stations has been rendered necessary. And although the Lord of the harvest bas sent out into our section of his vineyard several additional labourers, yet we have openings either unoccupied or but partially supplied. The growing importance and rapid settlement of many of the townships in the interior call for prompt effort to supply the inhabitants with the word of life. The spirit of enterprize which ai present prevails in this province, connected with the immense natural advantages we possess, are attracting to our shores such large numbers from the fatherland, that soon the wilderness of the remotest part of Canada must yield to the hand of industry and become fruitful fields. But if, while natural harvests are gathered, the hearts of the people remain a moral waste, what will our progress avail ? How important, under these circumstances, that the Church exercise the necessary zeal and liberality for the gathering of this extensive harvest ! The settlers in these remote parts of our prosperous land are thirsting for the living water; and hence, may we not appropriately pray the Lord of the barvest to send forth more labourers, the fields being already while unto harvest ?
“Ner is it merely from the back-woods that the Macedonian cry is heard. From Montreal an urgent invitation has been sent for the re-establishment of a Church and the appointment of a suitable pastor. To this call, however, the Conference has found it impossible, at present, to attend, as the supply of that city with a missionary would leave another important station destitute of an adequate supply. Your Committee, nevertheless, feel deeply impressed with the importance of possessing an interest in Mon. treal; and fervently hope that at no distant day the Conference will be in & position to meet this demand.
"Indicative of tbe increase of zeal in the missionary enterprize, your Committee refer with pleasure to the increased liberality of the patrons of our Auxiliary Association. The amount subscribed during the past year exceeds that of the previous year; and we trust the same growing liberality will enable our suc. cessors in office to record still stronger evidences of expanding beneficence amongst us.
“Your Committee cannot conclude the present report without recording its gratitude to our beloved brethren in England for the increasing interest they manifest in our Canadian work, the en. enlarged liberality, the affectionate counsels, whereby they prompt us to greater diligence and ardoar in our hallowed en. terprize. And we doubt not, when the triumph of the Redeemer shall have been consommated, they shall have their reward, while they hear the Judge Eternal applaud their disinterested beneficence, and read amid the clear light of eternity the results of their well-directed enterprize.
* The removal of our esteemed bro. ther, the Rev. H. O. Crofts, from the superintendency of the Canadian mission, demands more than a passing notice. For twelve years he laboured as a missionary in Canada; two years as stationed preacher in Montreal; four years as superintendent of Canada East; and for six years as general superintendent of the whole mission. He was the ori. ginator of our Auxiliary Missionary Society; and in promoting the interests of the mission has again and again been brought nigh to the grave. In returning to the land which gave him birth, the prayers of our Zion in this country, for his personal welfare and his more abundant usefulness in the Lord's vineyard, accompany him.
“ With feelings of unmingled pleasure, your Committee hail the coming of the Rev. J. H. Robinson as the successor of the Rev. H. O. Crofts, as the superintendent of this mission. His well-known zeal and ability as a minister of Christ, his extensive acquaintance with the rules and usages of the body, and his practical knowledge of the working of our system, amply qualify him for the work to whieh the English Conference has appointed him. And while we address to brother R. a hearty welcome on his coming amongst us, we do not forget the debt of gratitude we owe to our beloved brethren in England for this most suitable ap pointment. Contemplating the united efforts of our esteemed brethren Robin. son and McClure in the oversight of the mission, we feel assured that our interests as a eommunity will be regarded. Respecting the position of the General and Assistant Superintendents, one fact alone gives us pain. Such is the lack of la. bourers, that both these brethren have the charge of stations, in addition to their general oversight of the work. This we view as an evil-an evil, however, which for the present cannot be obvi. ated. But your Committee hope, ere long, to see this evil rectified, and our brethren to whom is committed the superintendence of the mission devoting all their energies to the general work,
To the collectors and patrons of ou Auxiliary Association great praise is due, and your Committee would most cordially record its thanks for the aid they have given. To these, we would say, Persevere; yours is a noble enterprize, yours a glorious reward.
In conclusion, your Committee would call on the patrons and friends of our mission generally to pray for the divine blessing to rest upon us as a community, for the Spirit's influence to accompany our efforts to save soals from death. For we are deeply conscious that the wilderness must remain unproductive until
the Spirit is poured upon us from on high.' May the year upon which we are entering be characterized by increased zeal and liberality, and more abundant success!"
The attentive consideration of the preceding statements must awaken feelings of devout gratitude to the God of all grace for the partial realization of hopes directed to the highest objectsfor the spirit of holy zeal and expanding liberality so clearly indicated and for opportunities of further and yet more extensive usefulness. Ireland presents equal encouragements; and myriads of the inhabitants of the populous towns of Britain, now perishing for lack of knowledge, call loudly for that help which only Christian Churches can give, and which they were established to render.
Among the great facts which every Christian Church, and every officer and member of each Church, is called upon deeply to ponder, these stand prominently forth: The world is the usurped empire of the Prince of Darkness, who bolds his willing slaves in a bondage that connects with it a thousand forms of degradation and misery, and terminates in everlasting perdition; the Church is the depository of that truth and those instrumentalities by which alone the cruel chains are to be broken and liberty and salvation brought to the hapless, hopeless sons of men; and so far as that Church fails in exerting all the ability and in bringing into operation all the means it possesses for the accomplishment of those objects, so far does it fall short of comprehending the grandeur of its mission, and of fulfilling its divinely-appointed destiny. Are these facts, then, duly pondered by the officers and members of our Churches? And do they comprehend and practically recognize the obligations and responsi. bilities they involve? Taking--as it is surely right to take-the entire sum raised in our Home Circuits in aid of the missionary cause as the foundation of our
jadgment, only one reply can be made to these questions; and it cannot be matter of surprise that & gentleman of enlarged views and Christian pulanthropy, W. Martin, Esq., is reported to have stated, in more than one missionary. meeting in which he has most worthily oceupied tbe chair, that on looking over the subscription-lists in the missionary reports, the sums subscribed by indi vidaals and raised by the Circuits, with but few exceptions, excited his astonishment and grief. These feelings must be shared by all who compare those reports with others published by the Wesleyans, the Baptists, and other kindred denominations, and who have any knowledge of the comparative social position of the respective parties. Looking at the first of these, it is difficalt to resist the conviction that you are surveying the efforts of men who, conscious of the immense importance of the missionary cause, it is ever before their eyes, and finds points of attachment in all the passing events of life; and men, too, who, equally conscious of the expanding and hallowing influence of the missionary spirit, are labouring to cultivate it in the breasts of those to whom they are most endeared, and in whose welfare they have the deepest interest. In addition, therefore, to liberal or munificent legacies, donations, public collections, and yearly subscriptions by parents and children, husband and wife, &c., we have juvenile mission ary societies, ladies' serving societies and bazaars, missionary breakfast and teameetings, juvenile Christmas offerings, Christmas singers and new year's offer ings, missionary boxes and baskets, catule and poultry, trees and flowers, thank-offerings for success in business, for recovery from sickness, for family
mercies in a time of general suffering, for mercies received at sea, and for other special benefits received in connexion with the diversified relationships of social and domestic life; and to these are added free-will offerings, some in memory of departed friends-a Christian parent, a beloved daughter. &c.—by a sinner saved by grece, by & debtor to Methodism, the fruits of self-denjal, an expression of gratitude to Almighty God for sparing mercies, for preservation amidst disease and death, &c.; we see, in fact, a missiopary spirit identifying itself with the whole spiritual and natural life, everywhere living and active, combining with ani assimilating everything whereby it may increase its rigour, and pressing into its service every circumstanee by which it may accomplish its heaven-born purposes.
Were the officers and members of the New Connexion, instead of " comparing themselves with themselves," to consider attentively the standards set up by the communities previously named, or the sums contributed by a community which outstrips them all, the Free Church of Scotland, instead of expressions of satisfaction on account of slow advances made, deep humiliation occasioned by the disparity seen, would combine with convietions of obligation to rouse to efforts by which the present missionary income would soon be doubled. This ought to be done, because it may be done ; and as Mr. Turner at the close of his excellent article in the December Magazine has stated, “The credit of the Connexion demands it; the blood of the Redeemer calls for it; and if we will give heed to these, God, even our own God, will abundantly bless us."
NOTICES OF BOOKS.
A PRACTICAL GUIDE FOR RETAIL benefit his fellow-men-& department of TRADESMEN AND OTHERS TO BOOK study which, though less attractive to KEEPING BY DOUBLE ENTRY, or accord men of letters and poetry, bas yet intrining to the Italian Method of Debtor and sically a high degree of importance and Oreditor ; with Preliminary Remarks, practical utility. In our author's hands showing its general utility, and urging its the science is divested of the repulsive application to all kind of Accounts. By tecbnicalities with which it is often enJ. CALDECOTT. 12mo, pp. 307. London: cumbered and obscured, and by a lucid W. and T. Piper, Paternoster row.
development of its principles and their While authors in general select either practical application, expressed in a style the flowery fields of poetry, or the invit. remarkably clear, he has clothed the subing walks of general philosophy, or the jeet with such a degree of freshness and beaten path of history, or the inspir interest as cannot fail to please while it ing themes of divinity, Mr. Caldecottinstructs and benefits the student. has chosen the science of book-keep. In his introductory observations, our ing in which to exercise his powers and author delivers many excellent remarks
on the necessity of keeping correct accounts; the evil consequences of negleet and inaccuracy here are faithfully and graphically pourtrayed, both as they affect the tradesman himself, his family, and general society. Sound morality, prudence, and common honesty, as well as the general stability of trade and commerce, are shown to be involved in this question. It is insisted that the only method of securing perfect accuracy, and doing business on sound principles, is to be found in the practice of double entry. Our space will not allow us to enlarge upon the merits of this work, but, to indicate its leading features, we observe--the principles are concisely stated and practically illustrated, first, by a model in a simplified form, in which the ledger only is used; secondly, by a model in an amplified form, in which au xiliary books are used with the ledger; and thirdly, by a model in a comprebensive form, the principal featares of which are condensation, the check system for the prevention of error, and a division into open and private books, whereby the state of affairs is accurately ascertained, and the secrets of the business known only to the proprietor. On each branch Mr. Caldecott is not only complete master of the subject, but pursues a course the most likely to conduct the student, step by step, to the attainment of proficiency in the art of accounts. Ourown recommendation of the work may, perhaps, have but little weight; but it is only just to state that our opinion of its excellence is sustained by the united testimony of a large portion of the periodical press, and by the unqualified commendation of highly competent judges.
THE NEW BIBLICAL ATLAS AND SCRIP. TURE GAZETEER; with Descriptive Notices of the Tabernacle and the Temple. Royal 850. Pp. 96. London: the Religious Tract Society.
The science of geography is one which has made rapid advances within the last twenty years, and we are glad to find the Religious Tract Society keeping pace with the march of discovery and improvement. This handsome book has been carefully got up. The best authorities and the most recent discoveries have been rendered available to the production of a standard work for the biblical student, especially for the Christian pastor of scanty resources, and the Sunday-school teachers with limited opportunities. There is a fund of valuable information respecting the localities and geographical character of all important places men
tioned in the Holy Seriptures, and a complete set of maps, accurately delineated and admirably executed. In addition to a biblical atlas, we have an illustrated description of the tabernacle and the Jewish temple, with their furni. ture and utensils; and, finally, a Scriptural gazetteer. We confidently recommend the book to our readers as a boon which in possessing they will prize.
VOLCANOES; their History, Phenomena and Causes. The Religious Tract Society.
This is another volume of the monthly serials. Fraught with instruction and interesting information respecting the grand and terrific scenes and catastrophes which agitate our globe.
THE INFANT CLASS IN THE SUNDAY School. An Essay: to which the Committee of the Sunday School Union ad. judged the First Prize. By CHARLES REED. Pp. 136. London: Sunday School Union.
This is the best book we have met with on the subject of Infant Sunday School Education. The author has entered fully into the interesting subject of his task, and bringing to bear upon it the resources of a cultivated mind, a sound judgment, and matured experience as a Sunday-school teacher, he has produced & work of sterling merit and great practical utility.
Woman's TRIALS; or, Tales and Sketches from the Life around us. By T. S. ARTHUR. 18mo, pp. 182. London : Partridge and Oakey.
The stories of which this volume is composed, though fictitious, are true to nature, and in accordance with facts in real life. The object of the writer is to inspire sympathy for women in the various trials which exercise her in domestic life, arising either from misfortune or mismanagement. They are vivaciously written and have a good tendency.
THE Two CHRISTMAS Days. By Mrs. C. L. BALFOUR. Illustrated by original Wood Engravings. London: Partridge and Oakey.
A beautiful tale, illustrative of the transforming influence of total absti. nence, accompanied with genuine religion.
THE CHRISTIAN IN BUSINESS : or, Brief Memorials of Miss Mary Bridge, London : John Snow.
The subject of this memoir was a sterling Christian. To a vigorous and well-cultivated mind she united a benevolent disposition, a soundly converted heart, and an eminently consistent and holy life. The Word of God was her