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were interesting and impressive, and ad mirably suited to the occasion which called them forth. Nearly 300 persons
were present, all of whom appeared much delighted with the evening's proceedings.
T. D. C.
New EruptiON of Etxa.—A mag- enjoyed so great a share of the natioca nificent eruption of Mount Etna, the respect. It is impossible not to be in first since 1843, was witnessed on the some measure affected by the grief 20th of August. A letter from Catania which will take so firm a hold on the states that, at eight P.m. of the 20th of minds of thousands. His brothers-inAugust, a party of English, composed of arms will have lost the great loadstone Captain and Mrs. Hallett, two Misses which has enchained their admiration Sankey, the Hon. Lieutenant Finch, 68th for years. His political friends and Light Infantry, and Lieutenant Raven- enemies will each mourn the departure bill, Royal Engineers, with three guides, of one who has commanded the irrethree muleteers, and a servant, together pressible deference of both. It is grawith eleven mules, left Nicolini, with antifying to state that for some time the intention of ascending Mount Etna, and Duke has manifested great respect for taking a shelter at the Casa Inglese. At religion, and has been regular in his eleven o'clock the party, in excellent attendance on divine worship. spirits, reached the Bosco, where they ANCIENT Woon.-Some sound beams, put on their light clothing. Passing the formed from the wood of the mulberryBosco about two miles, the huge crater tree, have been found in the ruins of Ni. below Elna, called the Colossi, glared neveh, where they are supposed to have awfully, and shortly threw up large been placed at least 700 years before the bodies of fire and smoke. Immediately birth of Christ. after, Etna vomited forth its fire and REMARKABLE INSTANCE OF LONGEashes. The scene was indescribably vity.-In April last, died, in Brooklyn, grand : heaven and earth presented one New York, Mrs. Elizabeth Fitzpatrick, magnificent glare of light, Etna above at the patriarchal age of 145 years. vomiting its sulphuric flames, the This venerable old lady was equally reColossi below belching forth its dense markable for plurality of husbands as masses of smoke, lurid from the furnace for length of days. She had been united below; the huge mountain poured out to no fewer than eight partners, four in from its interior prolonged moanings; Scotland and four in America. She was without, the hurricane roared in all its amazingly active, and her eyesight never mighty and awful majesty. The party failed her. Thirty children survive to were exposed to the greatest danger, but lament her death, which an antediluvian they returned in safety. Some villages could hardly call premature.-Morning and pasture-lands are reported to have Advertiser. been seriously damaged.
FREE LIBRARIES. - Manchester has DEATH OF THE DUKE OF WELLING taken the initiative in the laudable desire TON.-His Grace the Duke of Wellington now extensively felt to supply books on died at Walmer Castle, on Tuesday, all subjects, free of charge, to the workSeptember 14. The telegraphic despatch ing-classes in our large towns. By an which announced this startling and me Act, 13 & 14 Vic., c. 05, passed in 1850, lancholy event describes it as having and called “ The Public Libraries Act," occurred about half-past three o'clock, municipal corporations can levy a rate “after a succession of fits." It appears to meet the expenditure of such instituthat when the Duke was seized by tbe tions. Manchester, ever forward in works illness which had this melancholy termi of magnanimity, or utility, or charity, nation, an electric message was sent to has already finished and opened its summon Dr. Williams to Walmer Castle; “ Free Library.” The ceremony of but before the physician had time to opening took place on the 2nd inst. in reach the station at London-bridge ano presence of distinguished noblemen, ther telegraphic despatch had arrived M.P.s, several famed in the circles of there announcing the Duke's decease. the literali, and a large assembly of
His death will occasion a great chasm ladies and gentlemen. The library conin that world to which public admira tains 16,013 volumes, purchased at a tion is directed. With the exception of cost of £4,282. the sovereign, no one has for years
TO TIE MEMBERS AND FRIENDS OF THE
METHODIST NEW CONNEXION,
ON THE INCREASED CLAIMS OF THE MISSIONARY CAUSE
TO THEIR SUPPORT.
DEAR BRETHREN,—The last Conference determined, under the recommendation of the Missionary Committee, to enlarge the operations of the Society by opening several new stations in the populous towns of our own country. Bristol was selected as the first of the series, and the Rev. James Wilson, whose faithful labours at Bolton have been abundantly honoured of God, was appointed thereto. Bristol has been selected, not only as a town important in itself, but as the centre of a wide district reaching and connecting our remote and isolated outposts at Truro, London, and Birmingham.
With increased agencies there must be an increased expenditure, and if the Mission Fund is to be kept free from debt, and the General Treasurer free from embarrassment, the annual income of the Society must be augmented to £3000.
The Methodist New Connexion Missionary Society was founded by the Conference in 1825, and the whole income of the following year was £386 178.7d., of which sum £73 5s. 9d. was raised in Ireland. In 1835, the income had advanced to £714 ls. 6 d., which was raised in England. In 1846, the income was £2,068; and the last year, £2,013, including £51 raised by Bolton.
The income of the Society, as thus given, indicates great unsteadiness, partly arising from the state of trade, and partly from the spiritual condition of the Connexion. A great augmentation is shown between the income of 1826 and 1852; but the income of last year was below that of 1846, although we are more in number both in congregations and members, and have, at least, an equally prosperous trade. Our efforts in the great work of the world's evangelization have been feeble and intermittent, deficient not only in system but in Christian earnestness.
We are now an adult and established community, and if we possess the principles, the life of the true Church of God, that life should manifest itself in corresponding acts. A tree in its first years may bear no fruit-it is struggling for life-rooting itself in the earth, throwing out branches, and filling them with the sap needful to future fertility. So with onr Connexion : we had to struggle during a number of years for mere existence-to expound and defend our principles, to apply those principles in a wise and harmonious government, to found and adjust our institutions, &c. But now, by the blessing of the Highest, we have outgrown our infancy and pupilage; and as the responsibilities of spiritual manhood attach to us, it behoves that we address ourselves in earnest to the duties thereof. Those duties, while they include all that is needful to self-edification, go far beyond it. The Jewish Church had a local shrine, and a priesthood whose course was equally local and restricted. But the Christian Church is not confined to Jerusalem or Gerizim, and its ministers are to go and teach all nations. The one Church was stationary; the other is aggressive. The one received
proselytes when they presented themselves at her altar; the other goes out to seek in order to save the lost.
We have acted too much in the spirit of the old and abrogated dispensation—too little in the spirit of those who were ever pressing to the regions beyond. The conviction of this fact has of late greatly advanced amongst us, both in breadth and intenseness. The New Connexion has doubtless been called to bear witness to the scriptural liberty of the Church of Christ, but its most important mission is to evangelize. Without depreciating the former, the latter has claims upon us commandant as the soul, solemn as eternity, and imperative as the mandates of the Judge of all. The General Committee have long felt that the Connexion ought to do more, and, without wishing to diminish either our sympathies or our services toward Ireland and Canada, they regard the neglected population of our own country as having the first claims upon our endeavours. The Liverpool Conference resolved to appropriate one-fourth of the Mission income to the establishment of a Home Mission. Up to last Conference, however, only one new station had been opened; but the delay had been occasioned solely by the want of funds, and the Conference and the Committee were restrained, by the pledges they had given, from incurring debts by expending more than the liberality of the Connexion placed at their disposal. They therefore brought up the subject for the renewed deliberation and sanction of the last Conference, when the following resolutions were unanimously passed, viz:
"That, in the opinion of this Conference, the time has arrived for opening an additional Home Missionary station; and, as the city of Bristol has been repeatedly named in our Conferences and published documents, as presenting one of the most eligible fields of labour, not only on account of its situation and the number and character of its inhabitants, but also because friends once united with us in different Circuits are now residing there, some of whom have expressed a willingness to aid us in our operations—the Conference resolves that Bristol be considered as a Home Missionary station, and that the Stationing Committee appoint a suitable married preacher to labour there the ensuing year, under the direction of the Missionary Committee.
" That, looking to the feeling which pervades the Connexion for the extension of our Mission both at home and abroad, and the desirableness of largely increasing the missionary income, the Conference, while thankful to those Circuits who put forth their efforts in the way of collections, is more abundantly thankful to those other Circuits who add private subscriptions to their public collections; and, considering this the more excellent rule, most earnestly recommends it to the adoption of the whole of the Circuits : and, as such, directs all superintendents, in connexion with the other authorities, to carry out this plan in the ensuing year, and also to economize the local expenses as far as possible.
“That the Conference, delighted with the growing popularity of the juvenile efforts which are making, and with the increased amounts raised by our young friends, feels great pleasure in thanking them for their exertions during the past year, and the Missionary Committee is requested to prepare and circulate a plan of proceedings, so that juvenile associations may be organized in every part of the Connexion.
“That the Missionary Committee be charged with a special appeal to the Connexion, showing the amount which will have to be raised to meet the enlarged views and extended object of our people, placing before our Circuits and Societies, and especially before our juvenile friends, what has to be done, and urging upon them the most effectual way of accomplishing it without delay.”
In discharge of the special duty thus imposed upon them, the Committee, after a full consideration of the means best calculated to accomplish the object proposed, recommend the following general plan; viz. :
1. That as many of the friends in each Circuit as may be able be respectfully requested to increase their annual subscriptions to FIVE POUNDS. Not a few of those friends who now give only one pound, may and therefore ought to give five pounds; and many of those who give only a few pence to a weekly or monthly collector may give one or two pounds. It is also requested that these annual subscribers pay their money to the Secretary or Treasurer of the Committee connected with the place in which they reside; and that a list of the whole be prepared and read at the public-meeting every year, not to compliment the givers, but to stimulate others to imitate their example.
2. That the list of collectors be revised and their numbers increased, with districts, as far as practicable, assigned to them, so as to enable them to canvas the whole territory of a town or neighbourhood. They should be met regularly by the minister and Committee to pay in their moneys, and to be encouraged in their work.
3. That the whole of the collectors in a Circuit be convened in some central place once a-year, that one may hear what another is doing, and that, as the result of their combined wisdom and experience, they may adopt those plans which are found to be most successful. If possible, this meeting should be held when the Conference deputation may be present. Such a meeting could not fail to do good, not only in equalizing the missionary zeal by diffusing it throughout the Circuit, but would raise it everywhere to more intense ardour, and also give greater wisdom and vigour to its practical operations.
4. Public meetings, preceded by appropriate Sabbath services and collections, should be held in every place, however small the building, and a band of collectors, sustained by a suitable committee, should be organized.
5. In order that properly-organized Juvenile Missionary Societies may be established in connexion with our Sabbath and day-schools, the following plan is recommended :
a. That a Committee be appointed at a teachers' meeting, to consist of teachers and elder scholars, together with a treasurer and secretary.
b. That this Committee distribute books and cards among the scholars, and make the necessary arrangements for the money being paid weekly into the hands of the treasurer.
c. That where there is an objection to carry the missionary-box round the school every Sabbath, it will be found a good plan to hold a quarterly missionary meeting of the school, at which addresses should be delivered by the teachers and others, and a collection made.
d. That annual missionary meetings be held on the Sabbath afternoon in every school, or in the chapel connected therewith, and, where practicable, a sermon be preached suitable to the young. Short and simple resolutions may also be moved and seconded, and may be diversified by singing, or by suitable recitations by the scholars, &c., so as to give the whole proceedings a lively and popular character.
e. That a tea-meeting, comprising all the schools in the Circuit, be held in some place most convenient, once a year, to which all the
scholars who have collected not less than 23. 60. shall have a card of attendance; at which meeting a report shall be read of what has been done for the Mission in all the schools, and addresses delivered. A holiday may be the most convenient time for the holding of such meeting. The congregations should be invited to attend, and the expenses de frayed by a collection, the surplus, if any, being appropriated to the general Juvenile Fund.
6. It is also proposeil to prepare cards and collecting-books in a superior style, to be used by the children of our members and friends who do not attend the Sabbath-school.
8. In order to put the above plans into full and permanent operation, the various Conference deputations are requested to co-operate, during the next two or three years, with the superintendents of the Circuits they visit, in waiting npon the principal friends, to obtain an increase of their annual subscriptions, and also to meet the local committees and col. lectors; they are also requested to make a report to the General Secretary of the result of their labours, to facilitate which, printed forms will be prepared.
The above plan does not comprise much that is new, but it proposes that measures which are in successful operation in some Circuits should be extended to all. The adoption of a wise plan and the energetic working upon it, with an occasional revision to adapt it to altered circumstances, will be found the most effectual means of developing the liberality of our people. The selection of men to compose local committees and to fill the offices of treasurer and secretary, who combine, with business habits, a vivid conviction of the magnitude and claims of the missionary work, and whose hearts burn with zeal for the Lord of Hosts, is of the utmost importance; as upon their tact and devotedness the success realized will mainly depend. Such officers and committees exist in many places, and to these we commend our suggestions, in the earnest hope that they will promptly and energetically apply them. The scale of annual subscription demands revision to adapt it to the ability of our Churches and the wants of the mission. The whole Connexion only yields about eight subscribers of £5 each, and almost the whole of these were rendered for the first time during the last year. Individuals of the same class as those who amongst us are giving six, or ten, or twenty shillings, are giving in other communities their five or ten pounds, and many far more than that. We appeal to the prosperous manufacturer and tradesman, and to those who hold lucrative situations, if their contributions are equal to their means, or equal to that estimate which they profess to have of the urgent wants of a perishing world? We admit the pressure of local claims, and which in many cases have been liberally met ; but still there are a goodly number of friends who have the ability to give more to the mission, and whose hearts are full of the Saviour's tender love, and therefore need only reminding of this deficiency, and they will cheerfully rise to the height of their duty. Could we prevail upon ONE HUNDRED persons to give five pounds each, a very important accession would be made to our funds. Nor is it too much to hope that this may be done. Reader! are there no mercies, either to yourselves or those you love, which remain to be acknowledged ? Is the earthly subordinated to that which is spiritual, or has the passion for wealth and family aggrandizement enfeebled in you the love of Christ? Is your advancing prosperity indicated in the augmentation of your contribntions to the cause of God; or is it sccn only, or chiefly, in the accu.