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SELECTIONS FROM A LOCAL PREACHER'S

MANUSCRIPTS.-No. VII.

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THE PHILANTHROPY OF RELIGION. We have no opinion of any reli- always suffer them to confess, even gion that does not include, as a thing to themselves. Not all the meretri. of course, the idea of pure and active crious honour, nor all the unavoidphilanthropy. No man can really able distinctions of society can break love his fellow-man who does not the chain that binds the race togelove his Maker. He who does that ther in mutual dependency. That has the only motive to philanthropy unfeeling incarnation of all inhuman which can insure its existence as a evil, a proud man, would frequently principle in this needy world. So have to know himself but a helpthat, however limited in the minds less, cringing worm, were he deof not a few has become the meaning prived of the services of poorer men attached to the term “religion," its who are to him but as the dust belegitimate range really includes all neath his lordly feet! Poor, inflated the virtues of earth as well as some thing !- priding itself on its very of the mysteries of heaven.

shame, little cognizant of the golden People are apt to associate too ex- truth, that the more useful man is clusively with their thoughts of reli- the more honourable man! Of what gion the repulsive acrimony of po. the disciples of a certain German lemical divinity or the uninviting school would call a true man, it may tomes of tedious theological common be said, place which have contributed so Himself too much he prizes to be proud, much, by their solemn puerilities And nothing thinks so great in man as and petrifying dryness, to scare from amongst ordinary men the love of The philanthropic spirit of relitheological study. Such persons se- gion—we mean, of course, the Chrisriously err. Religion is not a contro tian-is evinced by its institutions: versy merely, unless it be a contro all of them adapted for the good of versy with all evil, to destroy which man while fitted and intended for the was its mission to the world; it is glory of the Almighty. Look, for not a barren detail of doctrines, un instance, at the SABBATH, the day of accompanied by a knowledge of their weekly rest; a day of especial value connexion with our practice; it is to the poor, whose minds and bodies not confined to catechisms and creeds so urgently require such a stated pe-it is a righteous principle, a work- riod of repose from their habitual ing power, a divine LIFE, whose toil. And yet how grudgingly do most visible manifestation here is most men yield obedience to this deseen in the effort to love our “neigh- mand of religion upon them; as if bour as ourselves.'

the requiroment were unlawfully asIt is generally admitted that reli- sessed by the Great Giver of the gion is necessary for man; yet how boon! We attribute much of this few study to be religious rightly! shortsightedness among the working. Men forget that the one duty of classes to the value of this religious earning their bread, or the one plea privilege, to the canting infidelity of sure of gratifying their love of the irreligious part of the newspaper amusement, is not the only duty, press, which is constantly pouring cannot be the only pleasure, de- its exciting and flattering poison into signed them by their Supreme Go the hearts of its legions of readers. vernor and Judge. There is the duty The result of this "leprous distiland there is the luxury of doing ment” into so many ears is, that good in other ways than as concern- every effort to teach people to observe ing themselves only. Man is more the Sabbath as a day of cessation dependant on man than the em- from labour and ordinary amusement, bittered feelings of the poor or the is blindly branded as a * pharisaical" unhallowed pride of the rich will movement. We are no advocates for compelling persons to the obser- ship of grovelling self! No reasonvance of a religious duty of this cha- able person—religion quite apartracter. The legitimate hold of true could do such an absurd and cruel religion is on the affections. If not thing as is practised by those who seated in the heart, producing a thus seek to enslave their poorer willing service, it is a delusion, a fellow-creatures, by robbing them of mockery, a lie. The only province their only resting place in the weariof Acts of Parliament here is to pro- some journey of life. Yet this is the tect those who would be religious tender mercy of an infidel worldlifrom undue annoyance at the hands ness! Let us thank Heaven that all of those who would not. Yet we in- gentlefolks are not so thoughtless dignantly repudiate the ignorant and depraved as this, or hard would charge of pharisaical motives made be the lot of those whom competition 80 frequently against those who and need would force into the Sun. would fain persuade men to under- day-market! stand their real interests. An in Sabbath pleasure-seekers should be treaty to Sabbath observance is not reminded that, whilst they are making to be viewed as necessarily synony- that day a season of riding, feasting mous with a wish to force one to it. or amusement, they are not merely

Much Sabbath-desecration is occa- showing their own boasted freedom sioned by the thoughtlessness of the from religious restraint, but are wearchurch-and-chapel-going rich. Who- ing out, by accumulated and unmitiever would urge on a poor man the gated toil, many thousands in the proper observance of the Lord's.dayland, who consider themselves obliged should keep it himself. There are to work then or lose their custom in thousands of tradesmen, and tens of the week. Greater refinement in thousands of servants, who practi- barbarity than this can hardly be cally know no Sabbath-whose Sa imagined. The sceptic who talks so turday night never comes till death- “intellectually" of " threadbare suthrough the culpable conduct of no perstitions" and of his right to Sabminally-pious employers, who, not bath-recreation, should at least see to content with the six days' servitude it that in his love of liberty he does of tradesmen and menials, exact un not compel the unwilling service of necessary things on the Sabbath, harder-working men and women, whilst they affect attention to its du- whose physical and mental requireties. There are some still more deli- ments are panting for recreation too, berately selfish-some who are worse though, perhaps, of a more exalted than thoughtless—who, on princi- kind. ple (?) set themselves against the We turn with a sickening heart right of a working-man to his weekly from the godless creed that holds the rest. “Do you open shop to-mor- habitual scorn of God's institutions row?" asked a lady in a tradesman's to be a virtue, and would teach men shop, one Saturday evening, in our to be licentious that they might hearing. “No, madam," was the be free. We earnestly counsel the reply, and one not very graciously working-classes-to which we hold received. The cool selfishness shown it an honour to belong ourselvesby this lady's manner as well as by not to be duped into a disregard of her words roused our indignation. sacred institutions by the plausible It made our blood curdle with a mo- but shallow declamations of the alementary feeling of horror, that any house driveller, or the senseless rihuman being should be expected to baldry of the Sunday press. They pass through a whole life of unvary talk of liberty! but it is the tinsel, ing drudgery without one allevi- not the gold, they give. ation to the weight of an incessant --- There is yet a liberty, unsung struggle for bread! and all for what ? By poets, and by senators unpraised, To dance attendance upon the viti- Which whoso tastes can be enslaved no tiated appetites or selfish humours of more : some incubus on the bosom of society, "Tis liberty of heart derived from heaven. whose whole life is a continual wor- They talk of right! but they would take from you the God-given right to fellows, and say, “ The Sabbath is a day of rest, to convert it into a day your friend; enjoy with us peaceof revelry, or toil, or drunken dissi- fully and religiously this holy day. pation. They tell you of your flag. Rest your wearied body and refresh ging body and weary soul, and invite your drooping spirit by a hallowed to recreation, but treat you to the use of this noble institution of our consuming excitement of a low ex man-loving Christianity." cursion-party, or the pitiful amuse. If there were no other proof of ments of a drinking-clique, as sub- the heavenly authority and genuine stitutes for the refreshing influences philanthropy of our gospel faith than of the house of God, the calm de- the appointment or confirmation of lights of healthful meditation, and this weekly resting-time, that alone the important and pleasing duties of would go far towards convincing us a religious and quiet home. How of the divine origin of our creed. much better all this for health, and The grasping and blind cupidity, the peace and respectability, than the over-reaching selfishness of humanity vapid routine of a Sabbath-breaker's as it is, would never have devised the life! We hold out the hand of in- institution it will even now scarcely treaty and brotherhood to all our tolerate.

W.R.

NOTICES OF BOOKS.

The New CASKET. A Gift Book for all Seasons. 12mo, pp. 188. London: The Religious Tract Society, 56, Paternoster-row.

We cannot sufficiently express our ad. miration of the operations of the Religious Tract Society. It is, in a high degree, a blessing and an honour to our country ; a fountain of truth and good ness, pouring forth its perennial streams through the length and breadth of our land, refreshing the intellect and purifying the heart, illustrating both the word and the works of God. The book before us is a beautiful Annual, in crimson cloth, embossed and gilt, and illustrated with paintings and engravings. But the matter of the work constitutes its great excel lence and value. Artistic skill and facts in nature are made subservient to the inculcation of the loftiest morality and the purest evangelical sentiment. Saving truth is the golden tissue interwoven in every part of the beautiful fabric, and the eternal life of the reader is the great object aimed at through the whole volume.

THE ELIJAH OF SOUTI AFRICA ; or, The Character and Spirit of the late Rev. John Philip, D.D., Unveiled and Vin dicated. By ROBERT PHILIP, Maberley Chapel. 18mo, pp. 72. London: J. Snow.

God is jealous for the honour of his people when they labour with a single ése to his glory; and he will certainly “ bring forth their righteousness as the light, and their judgment as the noonday." Their excellences may, for the

test of their faith and patience, be permitted to remain for a time eclipsed by prejudice and misrepresentation, but the day of retribution and vindication will coine. Dr. Philip is one of those worthies who combined in himself the divine and the Christian philanthropist, who was willing, not only to forego the comforts of his native land for the debilitating influence of the torrid zone, and the popularity which his exalted talents commanded at home for the toils and anxieties of a missionary life, but who was willing also to sacrifice his reputation in asserting the rights of the sable and down-trodden children of Ham. He knew that the claims of Cæsar often infringe upon the authority of Immanuel, and the opinions, policy and maxims of politicians often war against the inherent rights of humanity and the holy principles of religion ; but he nobly took his stand on the rock of eternal justice. and maintained his erect position as the defender of the oppressed and helpless sons of Africa, beedless of the odium and calumpy which iguorance and selfishness cast apon his good name. Honoured be his memory, and the memory of all who have the moral courage and the force of Christian principle to beard tbe powerful oppressor and rescue the helpless from bis iron grasp, and raise the fallen to their true position as social and immortal beings.

The sainted spirit of Dr. Philip has been called home; but his works have followed him there, nor will they be for

gotten on earth. The Rev. Robert Philiping, pions and useful class of niinisters, has come forward with a timely tribute and many thousands of precious sonls to his memory. It was meet and becom have been saved by their exertions. We ing in Mr. Philip to engage in this work. honour their devoted zeal and wish them An intimate acquaintance with the doc. still more abundant prosperity. The tor throngh nearly the whole of his general character of this book may be public career gives him an advantage seen from its tîle. The narratives are wlieh but few biographers possess ; while brief and simple, and the materials are bis strong affection, guided as it is by drawn from authentic records--the “ PriChristian principle, gives energy and mitive Methodist Magazine " for the eloquence to his pen. Though this little most part. While here and there a work is but a brief sketch of the devoted remark or an incident occurs which man, it will be read with great interest might have been better spared, there is and give increased intensity to the de- much which excites our admiration and sires of the Christian public for a com- praise. plete and extended Life of "the Elijah A FAMILIAR INTRODUCTION TO THE of South Africa."

SCIENCE OF ASTRONOMY, FOR THE USE THE TRIED CHRISTIAN; or, a Book of BEGINNERS, Nustrated by numerous of Consolation for the Afflicted. By the Engravings, and intended to accompany a Rev. WM. LEASK. 12mo, pp. 138. Lon sct of Diagrams, Painted on Glass for don: J. Snow, 35, Paternoster-row. exhibition in the Phantasmagoria Lantern.

The topics on wbich the author des. 12mo, pp. 40. London: W. E. and F. cants are — Trials common to Chris Newton, 3, Fleet-street, Temple Bar. tianity-Evidences of Adoption-Joy in Messrs. Newton are globe-makers to Sorrow-Heavenly Mindedness-Sanc the Queen, and have their beautiful shop lification - Fellowship with Christ - in Fleet-street, Dear Temple-bar. It was Meetness for Heaven-aud Sorrows at an their globe-manufactory in ChanceryEnd. In this little work there is an ease lane which we inspected some months and smoothness of expression, a serious ago, and from wbich we gave an account calmness and earnestness of spirit, a rich of the process of globe-making. The mellowness of sentiment and feeling, and little work before us is prepared for the a genuine eloquence and beauty of style, use of lecturers on astronomy, in the parwhich show the author's mind to be in lour or the school-room, by the use of perfect harinony with his respective the magic lantern. Indeed, it is a comthemes. It secures the attention and panion to this instructive and entertainimpresses the heart of the reader, and is ing instrument, illustrated with a complete well adapted to be useful.

set of diagrams, and supplying all ibat PorULAR SKETCHES OF CELEBRATED general information on euch topic of ('HARACTERS; including Descriptive Por- astronomy adapted for a popular lecture. traits of Wicklitje, Becket, Luther, Wol. The design is both well-conceived and sty, Jahomel, Milton, Cromwell, Byron, well-executed. By the use of this and Smith the Mormon, and Emerson. 8vo, a good magic lantern many a winter's pp. 100. London: Methodist New Con- evening may be passed in an instructive nexion Book-room, 3, Albany-crescent, and entertaining manner. Albany-road.

GREEX'ILLUSTRATED ALMANACK FOR This is a reprint of the Sketches which 1852. London: B. L. Green, 62, Puterduring the past year consecutively ap- noster-row. peared in the pages of our Magazine This is a sheet almanack, illustrated They are bigbly creditable to tbe author, with some good engravings, and containevincing considerable research, discri- ing some excellent sentiments. mination, and powers of eloquent descrip A PORTRAIT OF THE Rev. A. KILHAM, tion. As they have enriched the pages THE FIRST METHODIST REFORMER. of our Magazine, and been interesting to Leeds: Published by W. Stade, No. 7, our readers, we have no doubt they will Bond-street. prove acceptable and useful in their pre- In the December number of our sent form.

magazine there is an advertisement GOSPEL VICTORIES; or, Missionary of this portrait. It is there stated by Anecdotes of Imprisonments, Labours and the publisher that the portrait is conPersecutions, by Primitive Methodist sidered by those who were personally Preachers, between the years 1812 and acquainted with Mr. Kilbam to be faith1844. By Thomas Church. London: fal and accurate, and the best likeness Aylott and Jones.

ever published. It has been drawn on The Primitive Methodist preachers are stone, and printed by the eminent firm & courageous, hard-working, self-deny. of Standish and Co. We have a copy of

this portrait now before us, and are prepared to add our testimony to its excellence as a work of art. It is altogether a superior picture. The noble-minded reformer is represented as sitting in an arm-chair, with a book in his hand. The leading characteristic is that of the genuine Primitive Methodist preacher, while intelligence, uprightness and piety are depicted in his countenance, and his general aspect and attitude denote calmness, serenity and moral dignity. The portrait shows nearly the whole body, and is large enough for the parlour or the drawing-room. We mean to give it the best place in our dwelling, and should like to see it occupying a similar posi tion in all the families of our Connexion. Considering the size and excellence of the portrait, its price is very reasonable. See advertisement in our last number.

A PRACTICAL GUIDE for Retail Tradesmen and Others to Bookkeeping by Double Entry, or according to the Italian method of Debtor and Crcditor. By J. CALDEcott. 12mo, pp. 306. London: W. and T. Piper, 23, Paternoster-row.

This Work shall be noticed in our next Number.

THE CITY OF ROME: Its Edifices and its People. With numerous Engravings. 32mo, pp. 232. London: The Religious Tract Society, 56, Paternoster-row.

PROTESTANT TruthS AND PAPAL ERRORS. Sheet. London: Religious Tract Society, Paternoster-row.

THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION. London : Religious Tract Society, Paternoster-row.

LIVES OF THE POPEs, from the Age of Gregory I'II. to the Dawn of the Reformation; A.D., 1046—1431. Part II. 18mo, pp. 192. London: Religious Tract Society, 56, Paternoster-row. 1851.

THE UNION MAGAZINE, for Sundayschool Teachers. Vol. VIII., 1851. 12mo, pp. 428. London: Sunday-school Union, 60, Paternoster-row.

NOTES ON THE SCRIPTURE LESSONS FOR JANUARY, 1851. 12mo, pp. 150. London, Sunday-school Union, Paternoster-row.

THE BIBLE-CLASS MAGAZINE, Vol. IV., 1851. 12mo, pp. 332. London : Sunday-school Union, Paternoster-row.

CONGREGATIONALISM SCRIPTURAL ; or, the Nature and Constitution of the Church of Christ, as set forth in the New Testament. By G. J. ADENEY. 18mo, pp. 24. London: J. Snow, Paternoster-row.

BOOKS RECEIVED. The following books bave been received, but want of space compels us to postpone our views of them :

CONNEXIONAL DEPARTMENT.

SOME facts in the intelligence communicated this month are of a highly interesting and encouraging character. The account of the noble effort of our friends at Mossley will be read with unmingled pleasure. The realization of so large a sum by our own friends in Mossley alone, without either traversing beyond the bounds of that village or soliciting the help of other denomina tions, and without having resort to ba Zaars or any such means for raising money, and to accomplish the whole in a few days, not in promises merely, but in solid cash, is to do the work of God in a princely manner. We congratulate Mr. Ridley and the Mossley friends on this successful and surprising effort, and pray that their noble chapel, now free from debt, may be both crowded with worshippers and filled with the divine glory.

The opening of a commodious room

at Honley, in the Huddersfield Circuit, for both school and chapel, as the result of private benevolence, the re-opening of Kinnerton Chapel, in the Hawarden Circuit, and the purchase of a chapel at Wepre also; and the opening of a new chapel at the Levels, in the Thorne Circuit, under very favourable circumstances, are all encouraging facts. They should excite our gratitude and stimulate to zealous exertion.

Amid these instances of encouragement, and these motives to gratitude, we hope the appeal of our Chester friends will be responded to with a liberality that will terminate their difficulties, and once for all give them effectual and permanent relief. That excellent chapel and that old Circuit, including, as it does, many worthy friends, must be saved. Let the Copnexion say it shall be done, and it shall be done.

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