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July, August, and September of 1666. endeavoured to bring their children During these dreadful months, the to rule and obedience by telling them terrific sufferings of the inhabitants that they would send for Marshall almost defy description. Parents Howe!" beheld their children fall in dreadful From the west we entered this prisuccession by the hand of this insa- mitive-looking village, now containtiable and purple-faced destroyer. ing about 1000 inhabitants (at the Children turned aside, with fearful beginning of its extreme suffering, dread, at the distorted features of about one-third that number), and their parents in death. Every family, were surprised to discover that the while there were any left, buried their present race of occupants were unown dead; and one hapless woman willing or unable to tell us anything [Elizabeth Hancock, senior), as we about the plague of '66. We entered shall hereafter see, dug the graves by a* sweep of the road, exhibiting for and buried with her own hands in its curvature varied scenery of her husband and six children! Ap- wood, mountain and rock in striking palling as such a circumstance must relief; within a short mile is situated be, it is, however, only one of very that extraordinary Petrea of Engmany of a similar description occur- land, Stoney Middleton, presenting a ring on that awful occasion. We are continuous wall of rocks rising in now arrived at the period when the perpendicular grandeur to the height fury of the pestilence attained its of three and four hundred feet, leay. maximum—when it threatened the ing little more than a road between, terrified villagers with utter extermi- and where resides upon his own nation."
estate one of England's brightest orUp to the seventh month, everynaments of jurisprudence, Lord Chief family (as before stated) had of neces. Justice Denman—the honest, wise sity been compelled to bury their and valiant advocate (upon her trial own dead. When the last of a family for life) of the late Queen Caroline. died, or when one in a house expired Many of the houses are built within and the rest were in a dying condi- the rocks. One of the most striking tion, some person was obliged to un- of these giants of limestone and flint dertake (however disagreeable and is called the “Lover's Leap," from dangerous the task) the charge of re- the well-authenticated circumstance moving the corpse and instantly of a young woman, under the effect of burying it. “For this hazardous disappointed love, having, in the but necessary purpose," says William year 1760, dashed herself from the Wood, “the all-wise Providence had summit into the chasm beneath. Inendowed with sufficient nerve, hardi. credible as it may appear, she sushood, and indifference the person of tained but little injury from the Marshall Howe, a man of gigantic attempt; her face was a little disstature, a native of the village, and figured, and her body bruised by the of most courageous calibre. ... brambles and the rocky projections During the greatest fury of the that intercepted her fall."-(Rhodes.) plague he filled the fearful office of She repented of her rashness, led a burier of the coffinless] dead. ... very exemplary life and died adSuch was the awful occupation of vanced in years. Her name was Marshall Howe. He, however, tasted Baddeley. the bitter draught, by burying, with Between Eyam Dale and Middlehis own hands, his wife on the 27th ton Dale there stands a mountain and his son on the 30th of August tumuli called the “Riley Graves." of the fatal 1666 !" And he was no Here in a large green field adjoining ticed to smooth the raised mound a wood, were deposited the remains and pat the sods of these two graves of many who died of the plague; and with much more neatness and preci- in the centre of the meadow we saw sion than the graves of those bodies a circular or heart-shaped fence inwith whom he appeared to have no closing seven tombstones commemosympathy. “For a generation or two rative of nearly a whole family after the plague, parents in Eyam which was exterminated by the dis
ease in one week-three of them in language of Roberts, "the concentraone day! They were buried as they tion of all the more dreadful features died, without shroud-without coffin of that dreadful visitation in London, --without ceremony! One lone wo- without its palliatives.” Indeed, it man, the wife and mother, had to seems exceedingly strange that Eyam, scratch up the earth with her own a little mountain city, an insulated hands; and at the shallow sepulchres Zoar, secluded among the Peak of her own making, near her isolated mountains, and 150 miles from the dwelling, she had to perform all the metropolis, should have been visited solitary duties of interment to those by a pestilential disease which had most near and dear to her. The suf- scarcely ever occurred except in great ferings of this poor woman, in some and populous cities. It is, however, respects, resembled those of the pa matter of fact that “this terrible triarch Job. She was the Elizabeth plague was brought from London to Hancock, senr., before spoken of, and Eyam in a box of old clothes and some here follow the inscriptions to be seen tailor's patterns of cloth; and that at this day. The first victim was her George Vicars was the person who daughter," " Elizabeth Hancock, bu opened the terrible box," the first ried August 3, 1666." “John Han- seized, and the first victim to the cock, senr., buried August 4, 1666.” baleful disease. The population of “ John Hancock, jr., August 7, Eyam, at that juncture, consisted of 1666." "Oner Hancock, buried Au- about 330 inhabitants, of whom 259 gust 7, 1666.” “ William Hancock, fell by the plague. August 7, 1666.” “ Alice Hancock, Finding that the unerring sun had buried August 9, 1666.” “Ann gnomoned one of the suicidal Tors, Hancock, buried August 10, 1666." absurdly designated "Lovers' Leaps" What a mournful picture of do- (so numerous in the Peak country), mestic calamity do these few head into a most gigantic shadow on the stones present! On the four sides ground, our party took the broad hint of the tomb which contains the to be looking westward. With my ashes of the father of this family long-tried, faithful companion on my are the words, Horam nescitis. arm, we walked the length of MidOrate. Vigilate. (You do not know dleton Dale, whose white limestone the hour. Pray! Watch!) Equally tower-shaped rocks and deep umbraunshrined and unshrouded, both with geous shadows from the declining sun, and without stones of memorial, were
When buttress and buttress alternately many other victims deposited in this Seemed framed of ebon and ivory, and the neighbouring lands. Very
produced a most lovely scene. We different the sepulture of the wife of
paced to Tideswell (a distance of five William Mompesson, interred be
or six miles), and ere the turn of neath a handsome raised horizontal
another morn found ourselves snugly grave-stone, having an ancient and
seated in our comfortable lodging at richly-sculptured Saxon cross placed
Buxton, myself rich in the possession near it, and which was found buried
of 300 good specimens of the finelyin the earth, and afterwards set up marked land-shell called the Helix by John Howard the philanthropist.
arbustorum, which I had that day The inscription, when translated from
gathered. the Latin, in which it was composed
I need not make any farther menby Mompesson, runs thus: “ Cathe tion of the Tor, the deep dell, or rine, the wife of William Mompesson,
other characteristic scenery of this the Rector of this church, the daugh
well-known county. As a whole, I ter of Radolph Carr, late of Cocken,
consider it by no means equal in in the county of Durham, knight.
sublimity to the bold and majestic She was buried on the 26th day of Highlands, or to that of the lakes. August, in the year of our Lord, mountains and waterfalls of Cumber1666." “ Cave, nescitis horam.” land. Westmoreland, and the northern (Take heed, for ye know not the parts of Lancashire. In conclusion, hour.) “Mihi lucrum." (A gain to subscribe myself. as usual, thy me.)
J. H. M. “In Eyam the plagne was," in the
TESTIMONIES TO THE HOLY SCRIP- bad temper is a curse to the possesTURES.—“I can speak it from expe- sor, and its influence is most deadly rience," says the celebrated Erasmus, wherever it is found. It is allied to “ that there is little benefit to be de- martyrdom to be obliged to live with rived from the Scriptures if they be one of a complaining temper. To read cursorily or carelessly ; but if a hear one eternal round of complaint man exercise himself therein, con- and murmuring, to have every pleastantly and conscientiously, he will sant thought scared away by their evil find such efficacy in them as is not spirits, is, in truth, a sore trial. It to be found in any other book what. is like the sting of a scorpion, a persoever." “ The genuine philosophy petual nettle, destroying your peace, of Christ," says the same author, rendering life a burden. Its influ“cannot be derived from any source ence is most deadly; and the purest so successfully as from the books of and sweetest atmosphere is contami. the Gospels and Apostolic Epistles; nated into a deadly miasma wherin which, if a man philosophize with ever this evil genius prevails. It has a pious spirit, praying rather than been said truly, that while we ought arguing, he will find that there is not to let the bad temper of others nothing conducive to the happiness influence us, it would be as unrea. of man, and the performance of any sonable to spread a plaster of Spanish duty of human life, which is not, in flies on the skin and not expect them some of these writings, laid down, to draw, as to think of a family not discussed and determined, in a com- suffering because of the bad temper plete and satisfactory manner." of any one of its inmates. One string “That which stamps upon the Scrip- out of tune will destroy the music of tures the highest value," says Bishop an instrument otherwise perfect; and Porteus," that which renders them, if all the members of a Church, family strictly speaking, inestimable, and and neighbourhood, do not cultivate distinguishes them from all other a kind and affectionate temper, there books in this world, is this: that they will be discord and every evil work. and only they, contain the words of SABBATH DESECRATION AND eternal life. In this respect, every Rux.-A gentleman in the State of other book, even the noblest compo New York, who had been a very sucsitions of man, must fail ; they can. cessful merchant and farmer, died, not give us that which we most want, and left a large estate to his sons. and what is infinitely of more im They were sober, industrious, active portance to us than all other things and enterprising; they prospered in put together-ETERNAL LIFE."
their business and rapidly accumuFORGIVENESS OF INJURIES.-Mylated property. The accumulation inheart was heavy, for its trust had creased the desire for more, and they been abused, its kindness answered made haste to be rich. They grew with foul wrong ;so, turning gloomily uneasy at resting on the Sabbath, from my fellow-men, one summer and began to continue their business Sabbatlı-day, I strolled among the on that day. They hired labourers green mounds of the village burial- to work on the Sabbath, and in some place; where, pondering how all cases could get them cheaper than human love and hate find one sad they could other days. Their whole level, and bow, soon or late, wronged souls seemed to be swallowed up in and wrong-doer, each with meekened the one idea of accumulating wealth. face 'and cold hands folded over a But they had not continued long, still heart, pass the green threshold after they began to do business on of our common grave, whither all the Sabbath, before it was evident footsteps tend, whence none depart, they were losing as to character. awed for myself, and pitying my They began also to lose as to prorace, our common sorrow, like a perty; and one loss followed another mighty wave, swept all my pride till, through mismanagement and away, and, trembling, I forgave.- losses, they became bankrupts, and J. G. Whittier.
finally abandoned, vicious and miseThe Evils of Bad TEMPER.-A rable men. Said a most intelligent and
respectable observer, “ Few men ever seemed to prosper more, while they continued to observe the Sabbath ; and few erer ran down faster, as to character and property, after they began openly and habitually to profane it.
PARENTS, do all in your power to teach your children self-government. If a child is passionate, teach him by gentle and patient means to curb his temper. If he is greedy, cultivate liberality in him. If he is selfish, promote generosity. If he is sulky, charm him out of it by encouraging frank good-humour. If he is indo lent, accustom him to exertion, and train him so as to perform even onerous duties with alacrity. If pride comes in to make his obedience reluctant, subdue him, either by counsel or discipline. In short, give your children the habit of overcoming their besetting sins.
Two CLASSES OF CHRISTIANS.There are two classes of Christians: those who live chiefly by emotion, and those who live chiefly by faith. The
first class, those who live chiefly by emotion, remind one of ships, that move by the outward impulse of winds operating on sails. They are often at a dead calm, often out of their course, and sometimes driven back. And it is only when the winds are fair and powerful that they move onward with rapidity. The other class, those who live chiefly by faith, remind one of the magnificent steam ers which cross the Atlantic, which are moved by an interior and permanent principle, and which, setting at defiance all ordinary obstacles, ad. vance steadily and swiftly to their destination, through calm and storm, through cloud and sunshine.
A HAPPY HOUSEHOLD.-There is nothing on earth so beautiful as the household on which Christian love for ever smiles, and where religion walks a counsellor and a friend. No cloud can darken it, for its twin-stars are centered in the soul. No storms can make it tremble, for it has a heavenly support and a heavenly anchor.
CHEERFULNESS IX ADVERSITY.
Thou art a cheerful wight, my hardy friend,
A Christian's trust in heavenly love and aid.
London : Published by Partridge and Oakey.)
OPENING OF A DAY-SCHOOL, STRANGEWAYS, MANCHESTER. - Mr. Editor, The establisbment of day-schools in our Connexion is much to be desired. In this department of Christian labour and usefulness we are, as yet, behind our brethren of many other denominations, and certainly far from occupying the position it is our privilege and daty to occupy. Why should this be? A sound secular and religious education is of paramount importance to us, as a community, as well as to others; and truly we have ability, if it were rightly used, to open day-schools in communication with many of our chapels, and thus aid in diffusing light and knowledge, and in giving a direction to the aims and pursuits of our rising population. Let us try
Convinced of its importance, and encouraged by a most pleasing prospect, we resolved a short time ago to open a day-school, in the spacious room connected with our new chapel at Strangeways. A committee was appointed, and inquiries made respecting a teacher. Mr. T. Bullock, of Stafford, was engaged at a liberal salary, and on Monday, January 5th, the school was opened. Fifty scholars were received during the first week, and during this—the second week—the number of names on the book is upwards of seventy. With the success attending our efforts we are satisfied and encouraged, and the school, we doubt not, will be perfectly self-sustaining. To hear of similar efforts in other parts of the Connexion will afford us true pleasure.
PREACHING-PLACE OPENED AT LANG LEY, MACCLESFIELD CIRCUIT. — On Sabbath-day, January 11th, 1852, a commodious room, neatly fitteil up, was opened at Langley, for the public worship of Almighty God. The Rev. T. Griffith of Burslem delivered two im pressive sermons on the occasion. In the afternoon the room was well filled; but in the evening the congregation was overflowing. The collections amounted to upwards of £7. For some years we have had a small interest in this village; but only occupying a dwelling-house as our regular place of worship, our progpect of future success was necessarily very limited. The room which we now have will comfortably accommodate 120
adults; it has been well attended since the opening, and the Society has already obtained an accession of several members. May the Lord greatly increase the number!
T. W. SPECIAL SERVICES AT YARMOUTA.My Dear BROTAER,—You will be glad to hear that for nearly a fortnight we have been holding special services with a view to promote a revival of the work of God, and to learn that these services have not been altogether in vain. Accompanied by the divine blessing, they have resulted in the conversion of sin. ners and in the spiritual improvement of some of God's people. We know of eigbt who profess to have been brought into the glorious liberty of the children of God, seven of whom have united with the Church. Others are under serious impressions, which it is fervently hoped will never be effaced. May these impressions lead to a sound conversion to God! The good which has been done we trust is only a prelude tu what shall be accomplished. The burden of our prayer is, “O Lord, revive thy work!" “Save now, we beseech thee, O Lord ! O Lord, we beseech thee send now prosperity!" In the course of these services we have been favoured with the assistance of the three town missionaries, Messrs. Hitcham, Huggins and Vallens, and also Mr. Neaves, Primitive Methodist local preacher, and Mr. French, our own local preacher. The addresses delivered by these estimable brethren were plain, pointed and heart-searching, and calculated, by the blessing of God, to promote the salvation of sinners and the spiritual improvement of those who have already believed through grace. Although the weather for the most port has been very unfavourable, the attendance, on the whole, has been good, and for several evenings uncommonly so. For a long time we had seen and felt our need of a revival of God's work, and had been praying for it; and we now feel encouraged to persevere in the use of appropriate means to seek the abundant prosperity of Zion. May God crown our efforts with great success!
PRÉSENTATION TO MR. SHEDDEN, DUDLEY CIRCUIT. - The annual teameeting to the teachers of the Methodist New Connexion Sunday and