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maneuvres.

can just live in that heavenly old house

First she had to extend of yours and look after your work, and her hand to Stephen, then to exclaim at you can hunt and she can superintend the height of the vehicle from the the dairy, and so you're quite happy. ground, and the shortness of her own Now Cousin Marian---Cousin Marian legs, to give voice to certain misgivings you needn't pinch me, Kitty-Mr. as to the difficulty of preserving her Hardy knows just as well as I do that skirts from the wheel, and, finally, as Cousin Marian ouly knows fusty, the horse became restive and Stephen musty people-and, it we are to be in bewildered, to fling herself bodily on her set, we shall only know fusty, top of Kitty, who stood by holding the musty people too."

lantern. Stephen laughed again and drew 'the “I hope I haven't damaged you," she lash of bis whip lightly across the exclaimed. “Oh, Kitty, I've torn my horse's neck; the animal sprang for- glove-my nice white glove! Why ward and the light cart swung as they didn't you keep the lantern out of the rounded a corner.

way? I'm sure my finger's bleeding “Now farmer people," resumed Bess, too. Good-night, Mr. Hardy. Oh, "needn't ape gentility, they can just Kitty, hasn't it been odious? The go in for comfort, which is far more only part of the whole time that I ensatisfactory."

joyed was the drive home." “What a pretty horse," put in Kitty's The two little figures vanished round soft voice.

the angle of the house and Stephen She thought it was time to change pursued his way, now smiling to himthe conversation.

self as he thought of the prattle of one “Yes," rejoined Hardy, and his tone sister, now frowning as he remembered was well pleased. "He is about the the silence of the other. best I have. I bred him myself and There was no light in the passage, broke him."

but in answer to a shrill summons from "And isn't the cart comfy?" ex- Bess, the servant who had replaced claimed the irrepressible Bess. "It's Mrs. Green came clattering down the so springy and so light, and this is a stairs. nice warm rug, too. Ah, give me “Bring a light, please," said Kitty. comfort!"

"Oh, Louisa,” groaned Bess, "come “Well, 'tis better than going afoot and take off my shoes-they're so on such an evening as this," rejoined muddy I can't touch them!" the young farmer somewhat awk- Louisa, who had begun to clump wardly. "I could have called for you upstairs for the candle, now clumped at Mrs. Turnworth's if I had only down again in response to the appeal known. It is really not a fit night of her younger mistress, then, apparfor you to be walking."

ently bethinking herself when about “Beggars mustn't be choosers," re- halfway that she could not remove the sponded Bess. I don't like being a shoes without a light to see them by. beggar at all,” she added dolefully. mounted the stairs again at a gallop

By this time they had turned down and came clattering down again at such the little lane leading to the two farms, speed that her light was extinguished and Stephen presently drew up before before she reached the hall. the gate of the smaller one. Kitty, "Oh, good gracious!" exclaimed Bess murmuring her thanks, sprang to the in exasperation, as the noisy steps ground, but Bess did not accomplish began to retreat, "where are you off to the descent without a variety of little now ?"

"To get the matches, miss," responded Louisa cheerfully. "I do always leave 'em in the same place-in the attic window-sill—and then I do always know where to find 'em."

She spoke with modest pride, evidently expecting to be commended for her forethought.

"Well, give me the candlestick," said Kitty, "else perhaps you'll forget that by the time you've remembered the matches."

"So I mid," rejoined Louisa, with unimpaired good humor.

"Considering that she never by any chance goes near the attic except at bedtime, I don't quite see the point of keeping the matches there," said Bess.

Both girls were tired and cross. Kitty slowly removed her pretty white fur tippet and shook it, inwardly wondering whether it would recover the effects of that clinging fog; while Bess tapped discontentedly on the floor with the tip of her ill-used little shoe.

A clatter on the stairs, a heavy bump on the landing, and renewed clatter on the lower flight heralded the return of Louisa; the hurried and, for some time, ineffectual scraping of a match was at length rewarded by the appearance of a flame which revealed first Louisa's large red hand and presently her large red, good-humored face wreathed in smiles.

""Twas lucky you did think o' keepin' the candlestick, miss, else I'd ha' smashed en all to flinders when I did fall upon the stairs. I can never mind the landin' there, an' I do always fall," she added pleasantly.

"Well, don't fall over me, anyhow," remarked Bess acidly; "take off my shoes and put them carefully on one side until they dry. They're not to be put near the fire, mind-and not to be blacked."

"Would ye have the brown polish on 'em then?" inquired Louisa, as she

drew off one of the objects in question.

"Brown, no!" returned Bess with a little scream. "They're my very best shoes, they must be done with kid reviver-I'll do them myself if it comes to that."

"Well, it mid be safer," replied Louisa, turning to Bess's left foot. "Wold Cox there, he is a terr'ble wold chap for makin' mistakes. Yesterday 'twas, he was as near as anything puttin' blackin' on Miss Leslie's brown shoes. He be sich a one for thinkin' about his soul, ye know."

"What?" cried Kitty, turning round with a laugh.

"His soul, miss!" repeated Louisa. "There, he do go into a reg'lar stud thinkin' about it an' goin' over textses an' things in his mind. I do often say to en when he be a cleanin' the knives an' a stud-studdin' all the time: -'Maister Cox,' I do say, 'you'll have one o' your fingers off so sure as anything.' An' he do tell I not to take so much care for the things o' this world."

Bess laughed too, but somewhat unwillingly, for she was still contemplating the sad condition of the muddy shoes. "Bring me my trees, Louisa," she said "you know. Oh, I don't mean an oak or an ash or anything of that kind," as Louisa squatted back on her heels with a mystified expression. "I mean the little wooden things that go inside my shoes. You know where they are, don't you?"

“Oh, e-es, miss," responded Louisa delightedly. "I did find 'em in your room to-day an' I did put your other little shoes on 'em 'cause they was a bit damp arter you was out this mornin'. They didn't seem to fit so very well, but I did stretch an' stretch 'em an' the elastic at the back keeps 'em in place nice."

"You don't mean my goloshes!" ejaculated Bess, bursting into helpless

laughter, in which she was joined by Kitty.

It was, however, with a sort of groan that Bess at length caught up the candlestick and led the way to her sister's room, her little shoeless feet making a soft pad, pad on the uncarpeted stairs. She groaned all the time she was changing her dress and arranging her ruffled locks at the glass. Suddenly she rushed across the room and threw her arms round Kitty's neck, burrowing her head dejectedly on her sister's shoulder.

"Kitty, you'd always love me whatever happened, wouldn't you?"

"Darling, can you ask such a ques

tion?"

"Even if I was cast off and despised and-and-downtrodden by everybody else? I'd still be your own Bess, shouldn't I?"

"Of course you would, but why do you say such things?"

"Oh, because-because I'm getting desperate. I hate my life, and I can't bear it! Think of that horrible function to-day!"

"No, don't let's think of it," urged Kitty, pressing soft kisses on the little flushed face.

"Remember how we live here with old Cox thinking of his soul when he should be cleaning knives, and Louisa tumbling up and down stairs and putting goloshes on my best shoe-lasts. Here we are with nasty, smelly, india

The Times.

rubber hot-water bottles in our beds because we can't afford a fire, and going to have porridge for supper because it's cheap. We don't live like ladiesI think there's no use in pretending to be ladies."

"My pet," said Kitty, kissing her again.

"You said you'd love me, didn't you, Kitty, whatever I did?"

"Bess-really-"

"I'd rather be a good red herring than neither fish, flesh, nor fowl."

"I wonder what you mean," said Kitty, trying to obtain a glimpse of the face which was still rolling on ber shoulder.

"Now, if we lived on a farm," murmured Bess, "a nice, big, comfy farm, like the Hardys', and one just had one's work to think of, and to wear clean print frocks and pretty gathered sunbonnets! The dairy's lovely-I could be quite happy skimming cream and making butter, and if the parlor was done up all blue and white. You are sure you never, never, never could care for Stephen Hardy, Kitty?"

"Bess, I told you before and I tell you again I think that idea positively insulting!"

"I am sorry to hear you say that." returned Bess, "because you know, Kitty, I'm thinking-seriously thinking -if you are sure you wouldn't like him for yourself-of setting my own cap at Farmer Hardy."

(To be continued.)

SOME RECENT ARCHAEOLOGICAL DISCOVERIES.

The scholar of the old fashion, who the quoted with impartiality from his Ho- not mer, his Horace, his Virgil, and his Bible, must be a little befogged by the terrific dust which the archeologist's spade has been raising during a generation past. When Grote wrote

history of Greece, what was literature was not knowledge. and the Hellenist troubled himself more about a civilization before Agamemnon than about a civilization in the Garden of Eden. Man had, no doubt, been producing things many

no

and strange in the Nile Valley and in a very wide radius, in both the EuroMesopotamia for unnumbered genera- pean and Asiatic continents, had been tions, but what had a classical producing objects of utility and art scholar to do with those? Hellenic cul- since an equal antiquity and on only ture sprang into the world, like an little lower planes of culture. For Athene from the head of Zeus, by some centuries no prehistoric migrant by miraculous effect of the favorable con- land into the Greek peninsula or any ditions of the Promised Land upon part of the Ægean area could have gifted but undeveloped tribes that had avoided contact with some comparabeen wandering over Asiatic and Eu- tively high culture, nor would he have ropean steppes since they left the orig- found his Promised Land in any but inal seat of the Aryans. But nowadays a highly civilized state. Indeed, so what is come to this comfortable doc- wide is the circuit made by the outer trine? Every six months The Times ring of prehistoric cultures, whether prints from two to three columns of we regard them in Europe as derivamatter concerning ancient cultures of tives from the Ægean or as independthe Near East, which Greek litera- ent local evolutions in Sicily, Italy, the ture never mentioned at all, Minoan Iberic lands, the Danube Basin, and and Danubian and Hittite; and the the southern Balkans, and in Asia as writers of the articles evidently regard Hittite, or Syro-Cappadocian, or these cultures as having something, if Thraco-Phrygian, or what not, that the not everything, to say to the origin of chances are as greatly in favor of any Hellenic, civilization. Fuller accounts immigrant into the Ægean having preof the discoveries, which prompt these viously shared in one or other of them, articles, appear in specialist periodicals as they are in favor of his having had or highly technical books, which, if the ultimately to assimilate the civilization old-fashioned scholar consults them, which he would find in his new home. give him information usually provi- That is the a priori probability of sional and often contradictory. As a which every Hellenist has henceforplain man, he wants to know where he ward to take account. Let us see how stands. Evidently the old limitations far archæology has arrived at any posof his knowledge are no longer those itive proof that these prehistoric culof every one else. But what does the tures went to the making of the historic expansion imply? Has the bottom civilization which has mattered most been knocked out of his settled beliefs to the modern world. on the origin of that civilization which From this point of view it imports matters before all others to an Hellen- less how these cultures came into beist? In a word, what does all this re- ing and by which families of the hucent archæological discovery amount to man race they were developed, than in relation, at any rate, to Hellenism? to what point of social achievement

Well, in sum it amounts to this: that they attained, and what was their bisnot only was the geographical focus tory at the dawn of that historic peof historic Hellenic civilization the fo- riod, to which Greek literature bears cus also before that of a prehistoric something like contemporary witness. culture of immemorial antiquity and Take first the prebistoric culture of local development, which was on the the Ægean, which we never heard of highest plane of aim and achievement under any name till a generation ago, as prehistoric cultures go, but also that nor as Minoan till the last decade. In the geographical areas enclosing that cidentally it may be stated that those focus on west, north, and east, round questions concerning its origin and eth

un

of

nic character, which do not so inti- Nor has much clear light been mately concern us, are not much nearer thrown on the ethnological question by solution now than when Schliemann other lines of investigation, e. g., by first exposed the grave-treasure of My- the philologists who have examined the cenæ, except in this important respect; distribution and character of certain that we now know Ægean civilization place names which occur all over the to have been developed locally from Creek area, but seem to be pre-Greek. rude neolithic beginnings by an For, while Fick has called these Hit. broken process of evolution continued tite and Kretschmer thought them not throughout the Age of Bronze. But Indo-European, Conway claims them who the Ægean peoples were ethnolog- tor the Indo-European family ically is almost as obscure as ever, and speech. The craniologists do not yet like to remain so till some happy assure us of anything beyond the fact chance or patient labor brings about that the small dark type, called the the decipherment of the Cretan tab- Mediterranean Race, was the chief ba. lets and the determination of their fam- sis of Ægean man, but had already ily of language.

been contaminated by other racial eleWe are no nearer that decipherment. ments in the period of the earliest When Mr. Arthur Evans issues pres- men whose skulls it has been possible ently the first volume of his Scripta to examine. The pictorial and glyptic Minoa it will be seen how little can be representations of Ægean man, which done without the help of a bilingual have been found in considerable numtext, or one in some known alphabetic bers, seem to exclude certain wellcharacter. Nor even had we these, marked races of neighboring lands. would there be sure hope of advance. such as the negroid and the mongoloid, The three Præsian inscriptions in but leave an embarrassment of choice Greek characters of the historic clas- among the straight-nosed peoples of sical age, and an obscure language, fairly regular profile. which may or may not be a survival It is more satisfactory to turn to the of the Minoan of Crete, have been other questions which more nearly conturned this way and that by philolo cern Hellenists. The cumulative efgists to no better result than a doubt- fect of the discoveries made in Crete ful conclusion that they express an leaves no manner of doubt that Minoan Indo-European tongue very remotely culture can stand comparison with the akin to Greek. Written documents highest contemporary culture of Egypt continue to be found in Crete, and re- or Mesopotamia, and that artistically cent discoveries show that the Minoan it was more alive and progressive than linear script was still in local use af- either of these. So much has been ter the destruction of the latest Cnos- written about the combination of idealsian Palace, and probably continued istic aim with realistic execution exemto be so down to the close of the plified in the best Ægean work, whether Bronze Age. The very latest find has of the first great Minoan period, conbeen made by the Italian Mission at temporary with the Egyptian Middle Phæstos. It is a clay disc, over six Empire, or of the second and last, coninches in diameter, stamped with type; temporary with the Eighteenth Phabut the pictographic symbols which it ronic Dynasty, that we will only say bears have not quite the usual Cretan this: that, even after the Cnossian ivoforms, and, if Cretan at all, may be- ries, faience figurines, and faience and long to a local system used in the south plaster reliefs, after the Cnossian and of the island.

Haghia Triadha frescoes, the Haghia

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