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history, and from Nature herself, that world that so important an item of it all great and enduring progress is made as Germany should be quiet, contented, gradually.
and prosperous. It is scarcely needful In spite of these difficulties, however, to emphasize Prince Bülow's earnest the differences between the right and and consistent efforts to place the muleft wings of the Bloc have been com- tual relations of Germany and Great posed at least temporarily, and the ses- Britain on a more cordial and friendly sior which opened so stormily closed in basis. In his speeches, personally, and comparative calm.
above all in his actual foreign policy, It is as grand an aim as ever states- he has done his utmost to remove misman set before him, this brave attempt understandings and to avoid friction. of Prince Bülow's to teach the German The kindly hospitality to the British people the real meaning of Constitu- journalists who visited Berlin last tional Government; but whether it is year, the straightforward declarations possible for it to succeed under the of policy, and the warm-hearted appresent political conditions may well proval of every scheme for enabling be doubted. Yet even if it fails there the two nations to know more of each are some failures which are nobler than other, and so to like each other better, success, and a new element-the vos will be fresh in the memory of all. It populi--will have been brought into) is probable that nothing has damaged German politics, never wholly to disaj- the cause of Anglo-German friendship pear.
more than the recent German Navy The great problem of the re-orgail- Bill, and the distrust it has aroused in ization of the national finances is one a country whose very existence deon which the various sections that pends on her naval supremacy. That make up the Bloc are grievously di- Great Britain must retain this suprenivided, and it seems well-nigh impossi- acy unchallenged is a fact recognized ble that any practical scheme can be by virtually every party in the State. evolved which will at all reconcile the But it should be remembered that conflicting views of this unstable ma- Germany has never pretended to have jority on whose continued existence either the will or the ability to chalthat of the Chancellor himself, politi- lenge it, and that in view of the cally speaking, perhaps depends.
changes wrought in naval warfare by Nevertheless he has fought and won the practical demonstrations of the so many desperate parliamentary bat- Russo-Japanese conflict and the introtles in the past, that it is surely not duction of more powerful battleships, too much to hope that the old daunt- every first-class Power has been comless courage, the old superb power as il pelled to re-organize its naval defences. leader of men will enable him yet Germany is not the only Power who again to overcome the terrible obsta- has started building Dreadnoughtscles which confront him, and to build France, Japan, and the United States up a really strong, united, and trust have done the same, and they are not worthy majority out of the chaos of suspected of designs on their neighparties that now compose the Bloc. bors' property. It is only fair to ad
It must be remembered that a firmly mit that Germany has at least one obestablished, pacifically inclined Ger- vious reason for strengthening her man Government is one of the best fleet-namely, the rapid development guarantees for European peace. An of her trade and mercantile interests, excited nation is often a quarrelsome and her responsibilities as a Great nation, and it is better for the whole Power to protect her subjects settled
in foreign lands, tasks which she inust has even
a slight acquaintance with render it strong enough to perforni. his private life is the contrast between Surely the fault lies rather in the un- the imperturbable, almost cynical attisatisfactory state of feeling between tude assumed in public and the grathe two countries than in any measures cious, kindly, chivalrous nature which either of them may deem it vealed to those who know the real man necessary to take in their own defence. -a nature retaining the magic charm
I feel that any sketch of Prince Bü- of sincerity and singleness of heart, in low's political career would be incom- spite of that wide knowledge of the plete without a brief allusion to the so- world and brilliant culture which have called "('amarilla." It is probably true made bim one of the foremost diplothat a small clique bitterly inimical tr. matists in Europe. With most people him, both personally and politically, the outside veneer disguises the comhad a certain amount of influence in moner inaterial underneath, but with Court ('ircles, though I think this has Bernhard von Bülow it is the exact opbeen much exaggerated. Their hostil- posite—the veneer is assumed in order ity was, of course, carefully concealed to hide the beauty of that which unfrom the Emperor, but nevertheless it derlies it. It is for this reason that, alconstituted a real danger. For the though he is justly acknowledged to painful dénouement which finally re- be a great orator, his speeches are in moved these persons from the arena of a sense misleading, for if they occapublic life the Chancellor was not in sionally reveal his true character, they any way responsible, directly or indi- are more often mere brilliant tours de rectly. It will be said, perhaps, that force, epigrammatic, flippant, almost he ought to have warned the Emperor reckless; but representing after all against them. But the answer to this rather fireworks thrown up to dazzle is that he had no proofs, and that it and bewilder than the steady light of would be impossible for a Minister to bis resolute purpose. rid himself of his enemies by advanc- It may as well be admitted at once ing unsubstantiated accusations con- that this is a dangerous attitude for any cerning them to his Sovereign. It only man to take up with regard to public remains to be said that political antag- opinion, for it is safer to court popuonism in Germany is disgraced by a larity than to despise it; and since the ferocity and unscrupulousness for world generally takes you at your own which England happily has no parallel. valuation, it is the wisest plan to proNo slander is too dastardly, no lie too claim your virtues from the housetops. outrageous, to be employed for the pur- But there is a certain type of temperpose of discrediting an adversary. ament which is proud to such a degree
I have spoken of Prince Bülow's "en- that it prefers being misjudged to exemies," and that word is not by any plaining itself. Those who belong to means too forcible to describe the in
it have to pay the price of their pride, timidation and the spiteful intrigues sooner or later, but even then they sufwhich any statesman with a resolute fer in silence. If ever the day should policy, disdainful alike of bribes and come when the Fourth Chancellor is threats, has to encounter when he driven from office like his great predeholds the supremely difficult post of cessor, his enemies will not be gratified, German Chancellor.
as were those of Bismarck, by a storm Turning from the official to the more of passionate protest; for where the personal side of his character, perhaps pride of one led to self-vindication, the the first thing to strike anyone who pride of the other would seal his lips
from anything sterner than a careless even in his speeches; but those who igjest. The beau sabreur of debate, nore or overlook this aspect know very Prince Bülow is never merciless to his little of his true character. It is many opponents, relying more on the weapon years now since he married the beautiof good-tempered irony than on the ful and gifted woman whose devoted savage invective to which the Reich- comradeship has made an unfailing stag is so much addicted. But it would background of love and sympathy for a be a great mistake to imagine that the life politically so stormy and eventful. airy manner which so exasperates his To those who have seen them together foes has nothing deeper and more earn- it is difficult to think of one apart from est beneath it; not that it is an affecta- the other, so perfect is the community tion, for it springs from that sunny dis- of thought and interest. And if the position and keen
of humor Princess wishes-as it is said somewhich are the best aids for keeping times that she does—for a life in which heart and temper unspoiled in the cruel there would be no anxiety for his strain of political life.
safety, a life in which they would be When one remembers the crushing able to have more time to themselves, weight of responsibility, the overwork, and to dwell far from the noise and and the many anxieties to which he is strife of the great new-built metropolis constantly exposed, this indomitable of Central Europe; yet there is no more buoyancy of spirit is one of the most gracious hostess, no more helpful Minvaluable gifts he possesses.
ister's wife, to be found in any of the In personal appearance the Chancel- world's capitals than the present Gerlor is a worthy representative of that man “Reichskanzlerin." It is at NorderMecklenburg aristocracy the gallant ney, the little storm-swept island in the bearing of whose members made such North Sea, where they have spent the an impression on the great Napoleon summer holidays for some years past, that he said to his Marshals:
“I can and where their charm of manner and make you into kings, but not into kindness of heart have made them uniMecklenburg nobles." Tall, with :1 versally beloved, that they are able for stately carriage of the head and shoul- a few short weeks to enjoy the freedom ders which gives him grace and distinc- from public life and the simple opention, he has the broad brow of intellect, air pleasures which they find so reand a mouth and chin (clean-shaven ex- freshing after the stress of the Berlin cept for the soldierly moustache) which Parliamentary season. But even here show courage, energy, and decision. the whole forenoon is generally OCCUBut it is the eyes which arrest atten- pied with work, and it is only after tion-eyes beautiful and fearless, that lunch that the waiting “Kurgäste" are meet you with a directness and sin- rewarded by the appearance of the cerity rare indeed in any class, but for Chancellor, almost invariably accoma diplomatist almost unique. It is a panied by his wife, his favorite white face steadfast, proud, and self-reliant; carnation in his buttonhole, and a servyet with il sunny-tempered kindness iceable countrified stick in his hand, and grace in it which wins straight to setting out for one of those long ramthe heart.
bles over the sand-dunes, or by the sea, A man's faith is a sacred thing, not in which they both take such a delight. to be lightly commented on by strang- At Norderney, too, Prince Bülow can ers; and it is only possible to allude indulge to his heart's content in the very briefly here to the deep religious riding of which he is so passionately feeling, which is shown sometimes fond, for there is any amount of splen.
did galloping to be had on the well- to be true if the old steadfast faith is nigh boundless expanse of firm, level undermined, for the nation which has shore. But this forms only a brief in- forgotten the fear of God has taken terlude in that life of earnest work the first step towards learning the fear whose many-sided activities leave so of man. All who love Germany must little room for recreation of any sort. earnestly hope that she will speedily
In trying to sum up the general trend win back that noble idealism which is of Prince Bülow's policy, I think I can- so especially the heritage of her peonot do better than quote from one of ple. But the grandest code of ethics his own speeches:
never availed to save one soul, mucli
less to uplift and inspire a nation; and I cannot govern this country solely the great need for Germany to-day is for the benefit of Catholics, or solely not so much, as some would have us for the benefit of Protestants, any believe, Liberalism-some wondermore than I can conscientiously gov
working formula of self-governmentern with the support, and therefore
the old, old need of humanity: wholly in the interests of, any one of
That might the great political parties.
Christ.” Prince Bülow's secure my own majority, but not the
wise and patient statesmanship seeks true welfare of the State. I am will- first to educate the people to a better ing to co-operate with any party which sense of what is desirable and what is has this at heart; and it is my duty attainable in the national existence, to hold the balance even between con
and meanwhile to gradually give them flicting interests to the best of my ability, and strive always to promote the
more and more power of self-governgood of the whole, giving justice to all,
ment, by enhancing the importance of but favor to none.
the Reichstag to
known before in German politics, and No one who knows modern Germany by striving to draw from that body all can deny that it is just such a brave, the elements making for good in the yet moderate and far-sighted policy as State, and fuse them together into a this which she requires at the present governing majority which shall be pattime. For there is no doubt that she riotic but peaceful, loyal to the old trastands now at a very critical period in ditions, but steadily progressive her history. The extraordinary and towards new and wider ideals. He rapid increase in national prosperity has to a remarkable degree that indehas brought in its wake a great wave finable charm, often called “personal of materialism which is fraught with magnetism” for want of a more accuthe gravest dangers to the State. rate description, and few who have ex"Where there is no vision the people perienced it can form a perfectly imperish,” and the practical Hedonism of partial opinion with regard to him; but some phases of the national life, more of this I am sure there is no more particularly in the great cities, is gifted or noble personality in presentdeadly alike to soul and body. Bis- day European politics than the Fourth marck's proud boast, “We Germans Chancellor of the German Ei fear God and no one else," will cease
Sidney Garfield Norris. The Nineteenth Century and After.
DRAKE — AN ENGLISH EPIC. *
Mr. Noyes has, we really believe, avowed intention of doing it, was a achieved the impossible. He has writ- source of rapturous joy to the inhabiten a modern epic which can be read. tants of country house. The inhabi“Drake" bears visibly on its face all tants of modern country houses rarely the obvious epic features which spell like poetry at all, and still more rarely terror of shame to the ordinary poet, like it long. Few epics, it is true, are and terror of boredom to the ordinary as long as the novels which are conreader. There is the hero of the title- sumed in such abundance alike in town rôle, at once hero-soldier, and hero- and country.
But then novels are in sailor, and a little even hero-founder prose, and the sort of prose that seldom of an Empire, with something of the
asks its readers to rise above the comwrath of Achilles about him, much of mon level of easy-chair idleness; epics the world-wandering of Odysseus, and are in verse, and it is of the essence of more than a little of the pious patriot- verse to be a more choice, more distinism of Eneas. There are the orthodox guished, and more exacting thing than twelve books, the minimum consistent prose. And one of the penalties of with epic dignity, and there is the hurry and laziness is the loss of the blank verse, which “Paradise Lost" es- taste for the finer pleasures, and among tablished once for all as "the only them for the pleasure of hearing and wear” for the English epic poet. Mr. reading verse. Noyes, in fact, challenges at the out- Mr. Noyes, then, has plenty of lions set, all the scorn, which is the too prob- in his path. The very ground he able, and too probably justly deserved, walks on is strewn with the bones of lot of those who measure themselves his nameless and forgotten predeceswith Homer and Virgil and Milton. sors. But there is good ground for And he challenges at the same time all hoping that his own bones will escape the prejudice which belongs to what the lions and arrive safe with him at is the most unpopular form of poetry
the destined city of fame. Of course, in the world. Only the brave read he is not a Virgil or a Milton, or even epics now; and it is, generally speak- a Tasso. Non cuivis hom ini. But if ing, as vain for them to talk of the there be room for epic poetry which is glories of the heights they have climbed not of the supreme class, as there is as it is for the man who has seen the undoubtedly for the humbler lyric-a source of the Nile or the tops of the question about which much might be Himalayas to invite others to follow in said which must not be said here or his steps to felicity. He may know the now-then there is good hope for the splendors of the goal, but what others author of “Drake." He is still young. chiefly know is the length and discom- and so in any case there is the greatfort of the journey. The epic has ness of promise in the production of fallen on evil days, days that welcome such a poem. But there is more than neither the length nor the dignity that. No fit reader will read it withwhich are its essence. It seems
a out recognizing that there is in it also very long time indeed since the arrival a greatness of actual achievement. It of a man with the capacity of reciting is no sinall achievement, to begin with, twenty thousand lines of verse, and the
to have written an epic of which at
least one reader can say that he has Drako: An English Epic." Books IV:) XII. By Alfred Noyes. (Blackwood. 6s. net.
read it through with an interest that