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assessor Toucheronde, against whom mer of “light." Gymnast takes up the the Judge had pronounced a sentence running:“which did not seem very equitable to that centumviral court." Bridlegoose

At Cahusac, a match being made by explains and defends his giving of judg- the lords of Estissac and Viscount Laument by a cast of the dice.

suu to shoot at a mark, Perotou had taken to pieces a set of decretals, and

set one of the leaves for the white to I posite on the end of a table in my

shoot at. Now I sell, nay I give and closet all the pokes and bags of the defendant, and then allow unto him the bequeath for ever and aye, the mould of first hasard of the dice, according to

my doublet to fifteen hundred hampers the usual manner of your worships. ,

full of black devils, if ever any archer

in the country (though they are singuThat being done, I thereafter lay down, upon the other end of the same table,

lar marksmen in Guienne) could hit the the bags and satchels of the plaintiff

white. Not the least bit of the holy (als your worships are accustomed to

scribble was contaminated or touched; do). ... Then do I likewise and semba

nay, and Sansornin the elder, who

held the stakes, swore to us ... that bly throw the dice for him, and forth

he had openly, visibly, and manifestly with livre hiir his chance.

seen the bolt of Carquelin moving right "But," quoth Trinquamelle, “my

to the round circle in the middle of the friend, how came you to know, under

white; and that just on the point, when stand, and resolve the obscurity of

it was going to enter, it had gone aside these various and seeming contrary

alout seven foot and four inches wide passage's in law?”

of it, towards the bake-house." “Even just," quoth Bridlegoose, “af

*Miracle!" cried Homenas. "Mira ter the fashion of your other worships; cle! miracle! Clerica, come wench, to wit, when there are many bags on

light, light here! Here's to you all, the one side and on the other, I then

gentlemen; I vow you seem to me very use my little small dice (after the cus

sound Christians." tomary manner of your other worships), in obedience to the law. ... I have other large dice, fair and goodly ones, What a treasure of joy is François which I employ in the fashion that Rabelais! Has anyone understood your other worships use to do when

better than he what George Meredith the matter is more plain, clear, and

means by the “cataract of laughter"? liquid; that is to say, when there are fewer bags.”

In parenthesis, we may say that (if we

remember rightly) Mr. Meredith uses Throughout the whole of the scene, the phrase to describe the "supper in which extends to five or six chapters, the manner of the ancients” in Smolthe ironical jest is kept up in the grav- lett's “Peregrine Pickle”; and that est manner. A more richly humorous super-excellent episode, had we space example is the banquet given by to give to it, would aptly serve our Bishop Homenas to Pantagruel and purpose. his suite, where the talk is in praise Half a century nearer to us than of the thrice-sacred decretals. One Smollett is Walter Savage Landor; and after other, on the spur of the moment, we might bring forward as a thorFriar John, Ponocrates, Eudemon, Car- oughly literary example of sustained palim, and the rest, invent a story of irony his “Citation and Examination of wonders achieved through the sacro- William Shakespeare," but with diffisant decrees; and at each recital, Ho- dence we submit that it is a little tough menas, getting steadily tipsier, pro- in the reading. Rather would we name claims a miracle, and clamors to the the matchless "Imaginary Conversawaiting-maids to fill him another brim- tions," and in especial such a piece as

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the talk between Louis XIV. and the that the young man has been simulatunctuous confessor.

ing consumption in order to defraud Still nearer to us, chronologically, is the an insurance company from whom be namesake of the author of "Hudibras," wanted to buy an annuity. “If this Samuel Butler, whose "Erewhon," at could have been shown to be the case no time as well known as it should he would have escaped a criminal proshave been, is greatly distinguished ecution and been sent to the hospital as among the minor, or even the greater, for a moral ailment.” But the prisoner efforts of satire. In “Erewhon" (need is damned by his appearance and his we say?) sickness is a crime, while cough; and in ten minutes the jury find crime receives the treatment that we him guilty. The judge, in passing senbestow on sickness. In working this tence of hard labor for life, says:out, Butler, as Garnett says, “holds an inverting mirror to the world's face It pains me much to see one who is with imperturbable gravity.”

yet so young, and whose prospects in

life were otherwise excellent, The chapter entitled “An Erewhonian

brought to this distressing condition by Trial" is a finished pattern of the au

a constitution which I can only regard thor's ironic art. He begins with the

as radically vicious; but yours is no directness and seeming earnestness of case for comparison; this is not your Swift:

first offence: you have led a career

of crime. ... You were convicted of But I shall perhaps best convey to

aggravated bronchitis last year; and I the reader an idea of the entire perver

find that, although you are now only sion of thought which exists among

twenty-three years old, you have been this extraordinary people, by describing

imprisoned on no fewer than fourteen the public trial of a man who was ac

occasions, for illnesses of a cused of pulmonary consumption-an

less hateful characteroffence which until quite recently was punished with death.

and so forth. Here, again, is an inThe case is clearly a very bad one. The stance of the art that raises the smile prisoner, a young man of twenty-three, which sympathy would repress. But coughs incessantly in the dock, and is all humor, and the appreciation of hukept on his legs there solely by the at- mor, have their foundation in malicetentions of the two surgeons in charge and who should know this more cerof him. Vainly does his counsel plead tainly than the masters of irony?

The Nation.

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BOOKS AND AUTHORS

Miss Carroll Watson Rankin's stories are those that girls would like to live, and though her sinall heroines are often naughty, their surroundings are so odd and uncommon that their sins do not suggest themselves as possible of imitation in an ordinary environment, and so their example is not mischievous. For instance “The Adopting of Rosa Marie," her latest book, will not lead any girl to adopt and conceal a baby,

first because half-breed Indian infants are not abandoned every day, and second, because few girls have a cottage at their command in which to conceal such infants when adopted, and so the fun of the story is innocuous. Henry Holt & Co.

Mr. Rupert Sargent Holland goes back to Alfieri for the first man in the group of those whose biographies are included in his “Builders of United Also, while watching the love making Italy." The others are Manzoni, Gio- of two young Americans, he may learn berti, Manin, Mazzini, Cavour, Gari- something of the customs and character baldi and Victor Emmanuel, and a por- of the native Indian and of the life trait is prefixed to each biography. Mr. which the resident white man and Holland's subject is perfectly con- woman carve out for themselves by genial to him, and he writes sympa- diligently taking thought for the least thetically of all his heroes, the poet, and greatest of details. Miss Sheldon the man of letters, the philosopher, the makes no pretence at describing be"Father of Venice," the prophet, the roes and a heroine but she reveals a statesman and the king, but he is never striking example of the manner in obtrusively partisan, and he carefully which the white man's burden is borne abstains from attributing Saxon ideals even by those pioneers who profess no to Italians. The book is a better his- aims not purely mercantile. Frederick tory of nineteenth century Italy than A. Stokes Co. many an elaborate work. Henry Holt & Co.

"The Top of the World," by Mr.

Mark E. Swan, is a story made from Mr. Randall Parrish calls his "The the extravaganza of the same title, Last Voyage of the Donna Isabel" a and its amusing quality might be taken romance, and the classification is cor- for granted without reading it, but no rect, except as concerns the closing child will be persuaded to forego that chapters, which are purely incredible. pleasure after one look at the book's It is the search for a treasure supposed "jacket,” on which is seen the wolf to be contained in a ship, for a cen- who swallowed a tablet of climate. tury and more, frozen into the ice a Maida, the heroine, appears on the little north of the Antarctic Circle, cover frozen into a cake of ice, and it which leads to the "last voyage," but is imperatively necessary to ascertain one is taken thither through the ways how she escaped, and within the cover of South American political intrigue, are colored pictures of an amazing flyand some clever if unprincipled Yan- ing-machine and Jack Frost, and Santa kee trickery. The hero tells of his Claus, and similarly interesting folk, bravery as modestly as may be, consid- and a story of the little girl who found ering that the author gives him impos- all of them at the “top of the world,” sibilities to recount, and the heroine is near the North Pole, which is really a brave woman, and well described. a wishing post, which once a year will Four full page pictures in color illus- grant a wish to any one who lays his trate the story, but the author's pen hand upon it. The small reader will does not need their assistance. A. C. instantly see a reason for Arctic exMcClurg & Co.

ploration. E. P. Dutton & Co.

From "Coffee and a Love Affair," by Mr. George P. Upton's "Standard Miss Mary Boardman Sheldon, he Concert Guide" differs from other books who is curious as to South American of the same species in including symcoffee may learn how it is grown, trans- phony, oratorio, cantata and symphonic ported, and sold, and something of the poem, everything in short, except opera, modern Colombian revolution, à dis- more elaborate than a song or a comturbance finely differentiated from the position for a single instrument. It revolutions of other republics, and from is arranged in alphabetical order by the Colombian revolution of old days. the names of composers; the date of

each work is given, and it is described contain adventures at least as interestclearly and simply with as few techni- ing as those of twentieth or nineteenth calities as possible, and with no ver- century Bill and Jack, or Revolutionbiage. It is plainly intended for music ary or Colonial William and John. The lovers, not for talkers about music. four volumes which now come to hand The younger European and American are “The Duke of Brittany," our Prince composers are fairly represented, but Arthur, nephew of John Lackland as the elder are not neglected and the his story is told by Henriette Jeanrebook will be found to be a complement naud, who adheres more closely to hisof the average American concert pro- tory than to Shakespeare's dramatic gramme.

More than fifty portraits, version; "Arnold of Winkelried," by some rarely published, illustrate the Gustav Höcked, who relates the whole work, and also many passages of music, story of the brave life to which the and it is substantially bound for the glorious deed at Sempach was so natupermanent use which it deserves. A. ral a culmination; "Marie Antoinette's C. McClurg & Co.

Youth," by Dr. Heinrich von Lenk, who

makes very slight attempts to soften Dr. Louis Adolphe Coernes' “The Ev- the republican version of the behavior olution of Modern Orchestration" is ad- of the young Princess; and as the dressed to musicians and to those really fourth, “Undine." All are illustrated learned in music, but American stu- and are bound in green cloth with a dents should regard it as one of the medallion portrait of the chief characbooks necessarily to be read, and im- ter ornamenting the cover, and each one mediately to be placed within reach will be regarded as a treasure by any of consultation for reference. Its child of discernment. A. C. McClurg three parts, "Preliminaries," "The Clas- & Co. sic Era," and "Romanticism," trace the entire history of the subject, includ- Those who flatter themselves that ing some links which modern teachers had an early copy of Fitzgerald's Omar are prone to regard as entirely negligi- fallen into their hands, they would ble because now neglected in practice, have perceived its merits, proclaimed and set the reader on the way to un- them, and so have prevented that long derstand, not only former methods of period of ignominious waiting at the orchestration, but also the real tendency bookseller's, now have the opportunity of certain modern methods. An intro- to test themselves. The editors of the ductory note by Mr. H. E. Krehbiel sets “Wisdom of the East" series are pubthe valuable seal of his approval upon lishing "The Diwan of Abu'l-Ala," the work which Harvard University translated by Mr. Henry Baerlein, and accepted, together with the score of the dedicated to Dr. E. J. Dillon. Abu'lauthor's “Zenobia," as a thesis, en- Ala was born in 973, forty-four years titling him to the degree of Doctor of before Omar Khayyam, and the DiPhilosophy. The Macmillan Co.

wan, or selection from his works, is

intended as an introduction to his biogParents who disapprove of the cur- raphy. The selections themselves are rent fiction prepared for children may introduced by a commentary occupyfind unexceptionable substitutes in the ing half the little book in which they twenty volumes of "Life Stories for printed and explaining their Children,” translated from the German strangeness as far as may be possible. by Mr. George P. Upton, for, although Inscrutable as a whole they will renearly all of them are true tales, they main for most readers, but in each

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quatrain may be discerned an eva- of mountain dew, will be found any-
sive, elusive idea that both charms and thing but objectionable. Bobbs Mer-
beckons. The author's life was a ro- rill Co.
mance in which public spirit, scepti-
cism, self-sacrifice and the power of Mr. R. H. Johnston was rarely
attraction were strangely blended, but equipped for the journey from North
the editor reserves its story for an- China to Burma, through Tibetan
other volume. Meanwhile here are the Ssuch’-uan and Yunnan, described in
quatrains, solid fragments of the hard his “From Peking to Mandalay." He
undeniable common sense of the East. is district officer and magistrate at
E. P. Dutton & Co.

Weihaiwei, knows the Chinese language

and has the most friendly disposition If easy reading must be preceded by towards the Chinese people, and made hard writing, the author of "The Little his long pilgrimage through to territory Brown Jug at Kildare," Mr. Meredith untrodden by any British foot unatNicholson, must have toiled mightily, tended except by baggage coolies, and for so lightly and swiftly is one passed he acted purely for his own pleasure. from one amazing position to another His journey was not his first adventhat the mind is no more conscious of ture in exploration, but it was his most being taxed than the eye which gazes important, occupying almost a year, upon tranquil sunlit landscape. and he brought home not only memoBriefly, the book tells the story of two ries but photographs of unvisited girls to whom chance simultaneously places, and many scientitic observagave absolute power in a sovereign tions. Moreover he has something of State, and sets forth the manner in the spirit of the mystic and of the poet, which they used it, and the able as- and he writes of his lonely communion sistance given to each by one of two with nature in terms that arouse profriends who had been complaining to found emotion. By a curious coinci

another that adventures never dence one passage in his book is almost came to them. As the two girl-gov- identical with one in which Jr. Oscar erned States are contiguous, difficul- Kuhns in his “The Sense of the Inties occur along the border, and attain finite" speaks of moments of elevated such magnitude that the militia is called vision granted to those who contemto arms, and the Governors of both plate the supremely beautiful in Art or States are imprisoned; but everything

in Nature, and as the two authors arrive ends happily for everybody except for at their opinion by entirely different two scheming officials. The means by routes this is interesting to the readers which this feat is effected make the of both. Generally, however, Jír. Johnmost amusing book that has yet been ston is the wise and curious observer written about the South, and a book of men and manners, with a decided at which the South will laugh quite turn for the study of national proclivias heartily as the North, for there is tives, and his note on the “yellow peril," no smallest savor of ill-humor or un- although only three pages in length, kindness anywhere in the story, and suggests a remedly worthy of the convery nearly all the essentials of the sideration of all sane men. Thus in ordinary romance of the South are ab- many ways his book marks a stage in sent from its pages. Those which re- the exploration of the East and is a main, the brave ladies and clever men, model for his successors. E. P. Dutthe occasional pistol and a suspicion ton & Co.

one

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