The Toxicity of Plutonium, Americium and Curium: A Report Prepared Under Contract for the Commission of the European Communities Within Its Research and Development Programme on Plutonium Recycling in Light Water Reactors

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Elsevier, 22.10.2013 - 238 Seiten
The Toxicity of Plutonium, Americium and Curium provides a biological basis for an assessment of the radiological health problems resulting from human exposure to americium, curium, and plutonium. This book discusses the method of injection of the chelating agent DTPA for removing soluble forms of americium, curium, and plutonium.

Organized into 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the biological effects in man that are attributed to exposure to actinides. This text then examines the uses of americium and curium in transmission scanning studies in tissues, in smoke detectors, and in neutron sources. Other chapters consider the metabolism or effects of plutonium in humans that can be employed to predict the potential consequences of human exposure. This book discusses as well routes of entry of radioactive materials into the body by inhalation, by ingestion, through cuts, or by absorption through the intact skin. The final chapter deals with the assessment of the radiological health problems resulting from the use of mixed oxide fuels of uranium and plutonium in light water reactors.

This book is a valuable resource for scientists.
 

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Inhalt

Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION
1
Chapter 2 PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF BIOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE
3
Chapter 3 HUMAN EXPERIENCE
11
Chapter 4 METABOLISM IN ANIMALS
21
Chapter 5 TISSUES AT RISK
81
Chapter 6 PATHOLOGICAL EFFECTS IN ANIMALS
103
Chapter 7 THE HOT PARTICLE PROBLEM
143
Chapter 8 TREATMENT FOR ACCIDENTAL INTAKES
153
Chapter 9 A QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE BIOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF HUMAN EXPOSURE TO PLUTONIUM AMERICIU...
163
Chapter 10 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
179
APPENDIX
187
REFERENCES
189
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