The Toxicity of Plutonium, Americium and Curium: A Report Prepared Under Contract for the Commission of the European Communities Within Its Research and Development Programme on Plutonium Recycling in Light Water Reactors
The Toxicity of Plutonium, Americium and Curium provides a biological basis for an assessment of the radiological health problems resulting from human exposure to americium, curium, and plutonium. This book discusses the method of injection of the chelating agent DTPA for removing soluble forms of americium, curium, and plutonium.
Organized into 10 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the biological effects in man that are attributed to exposure to actinides. This text then examines the uses of americium and curium in transmission scanning studies in tissues, in smoke detectors, and in neutron sources. Other chapters consider the metabolism or effects of plutonium in humans that can be employed to predict the potential consequences of human exposure. This book discusses as well routes of entry of radioactive materials into the body by inhalation, by ingestion, through cuts, or by absorption through the intact skin. The final chapter deals with the assessment of the radiological health problems resulting from the use of mixed oxide fuels of uranium and plutonium in light water reactors.
This book is a valuable resource for scientists.
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Chapter 5 TISSUES AT RISK
Chapter 6 PATHOLOGICAL EFFECTS IN ANIMALS
Chapter 7 THE HOT PARTICLE PROBLEM
Chapter 8 TREATMENT FOR ACCIDENTAL INTAKES
Chapter 9 A QUANTITATIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE BIOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF HUMAN EXPOSURE TO PLUTONIUM AMERICIU...
Chapter 10 SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
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106 man rad absorption accumulated actinides administration aerosol alpha emitters alpha irradiation alpha radiation alveolar americium and curium americium-2h1 amount of plutonium Annual Report Bair Ballou Battelle Pacific Northwest beagle dogs biological effects blood body bone cancers chemical form clearance compounds contamination deposition of plutonium distribution of plutonium DTPA elements estimated excretion exposed exposure factor forms of plutonium frequency gonads half-time hamsters Health Phys human IAEA ICRP insoluble intake intravenous injection isotopes kg_1 Lafuma lavage lesions leukaemias liver low LET lung cancer lymph nodes macrophages Masse metabolism Morin National Radiological Protection Nenot nitrate Nolibe observed organ osteosarcomas oxide Pacific Northwest Laboratory plutonium dioxide plutonium nitrate plutonium-239 dioxide Proc pulmonary cancers radioactive Radiobiology Radiological Protection Board radionuclides rats respiratory risk coefficients Sanders skeleton soluble forms species Stather studies Symp Taylor Thorotrast tissues toxicity tract translocated transportable tumours University of Utah Vienna wound