Form and Function in Language Research: Papers in Honour of Christian Lehmann
Johannes Helmbrecht, Yoko Nishina, Yong-Min Shin, Elisabeth Verhoeven, Stavros Skopeteas
Walter de Gruyter, 2009 - 350 Seiten
Language description enriches linguistic theory and linguistic theory sharpens language description. Based on evidence from the world's languages, functional-typological linguistics has established a number of thorough generalizations about the nature of linguistic categorizations and their manifestation in natural languages. Empirical studies in these fields of linguistics have contributed to sharpen linguistic theory in several respects.
This volume is a collection of 19 contributions from outstanding scholars in the field of functional-typological linguistics that address fundamental issues in the study of language, such as the nature of linguistic categories, the constitution of functional domains, and the form of cross-linguistic continua. Empirical data from individual languages and from typological samples are investigated in order to achieve generalizations about the properties of human grammar(s). Several grammatical phenomena are dealt with including tonal systems, person distinctions, modalities, reciprocity, complex predicates, grammatical relations, word order, clause linkage, and information structure.
The structure of the book illustrates the fundamental importance of the analytical distinction between the onomasiological and the semasiological approach to language and language diversity. Both perspectives are integrated in most papers with a dominant focus on either the former or the latter perspective.
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Weighing semantic distinctions in person forms
between grammar and lexis
on being sixty in Europe and beyond
Thoughts on imperfective imperatives
constraints on objecttopicalization in Korean
Zero and nothing in Jarawara
the various faces of syntax
alignment extraction and control
Areal typology of toneconsonant interaction and implosives in Kwa Kru and SouthernMande
The internal structure of adpositional phrases
toward demystifying serial verbs
some typological approaches
some data from the NorthCaucasian languages