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place she had left, and concluded, by assuring him that she would not forget to speak well of him when she went back to Heaven.

Quando sarò d'avanti al Signor mio

Di te mi loderò sovente a lui. Secondly, because ne s'offerse does not so much signify, "offered her assistance," as “ made her appearance to us, " and seems to have reference to the passage,

E già di quà da lei discende l’erta
Passando per li cerchi senza scorta

Tal che per lui ci fia la terra aperta. And thirdly, because tal ne s' offerse, with ne in the plural number, is scarcely compatible with the interpretation hitherto received, but peculiarly appropriate to the one I have propo

Beatrice appeared only to Virgil, but the Angel was then descending to present himself before Virgil while Dante was with him, as appears by the verses we have quoted above.

How the aposiopesis, se non—, is to be supplied, it is perhaps not very easy to determine. But it is probable that Virgil was on the point of saying something which was either disagreeable to Dante, or at least calculated to increase his apprehensions ; for instance, “if Beatrice has not deceived us," 6 if Heaven has not altered its decrees,” or something similar; and then suddenly correcting himself, or recollecting the promises of the Angel, finished his sentence in the tone and language of encouragement. I add a short remark on the third line of the first Canto.

Che la diritta via era smarrita. To say that che has in this place, the meaning of talmente chè, or perocchè or perchè, which is the explanation almost universally given, is certainly a mistake. Biagioli is the only annotator who has pointed out the error and inconsistency of this interpretation. He agrees with Volpi, that there is here an ellipsis of the preposition in, but neither he, nor Volpi, adduces any classical authority for the use of che in the sense of in che. There exists, however, a remarkable and conclusive instance of this kind in Petrarch, Part I. Son. II. v. 1.

Era il giorno che al Sol si scoloraro.
Dante himself furnishes another example, Inf. Cant. I. v. 11.

Tanto era pien di sonno in su quel punto
Che la verace via abbandonai.

L. Da Ponte.

NEW PUBLICATIONS.

Agriculture and Chemistry. Introductory Discourse to a few Lectures on the application of Chemistry to Agriculture, delivered before the New-York Atheneum. By William James Macneven, M. D. 8vo. pp. 40. New-York. G. & C. Carvill.

This is an extremely well written and interesting discourse, -short, pithy, popular, and pertinent. The writer's leading purpose seems to be to inculcate the value of a more scientific consideration of the objects of agriculture than is usually bestowed upon them, and to attract to studies of this nature, that worthless class of non-producers which is gradually growing up in the republic,—the youthful inheritors of large estates. Dr. Macneren, we think, hits the happy medium between the vagueness of the theorist on one side, and the narrow views of the practical man on the other. The invitation to our dandy buggy-drivers, and cock-fighters, to superintend farms, will not, we apprehend, be generally accepted. The following call upon our young women of fashion, (any one of whom, by the way, is worth the whole tribe of the silly young men they tolerate for their amusement,)has perhaps, a better chance of being listened to.“We learn from the sprightly and sensible letters of Lady M. Wortley Montague, that when she resided in Italy, it was quite fashionable for Italian ladies of the bighest rank and most distinguished intellect to possess a snall laboratory, according to the lights of that period, where they were wont, during the season of flowers, to detain the aromatic essence of the orange-flower and the roseso elegant as a condiment, so valuable as a remedy—and to distil those fragrant waters that remain in such request with the fair sex through the south of Europe. Here, also, their chemical skill, and peatness and cleanliness of manipulation, presided over the preparation of those delicious preserves and rich jeilies which, in anticipation of the joyous festivities of the winter, caused the mistress's pantry to vie with the master's cellar. At that time—and why not now ?-for a woman of the most cultivated mind the processes of the kitchen borrowed dignity from the association of science; and without repugnance to her taste, and with only a change of naine, she might descend from her cabinet above to her laboratory below stairs.'

Biography. Memoirs of Reopuolani, late Queen of the Sandwich Islands. 12mo: Crocker & Brewster. Boston.

Memoirs and Recollections of Count Segur, Ambassador from France to the courts of Russia and Prussia, &c. &c. Written by himself. One volume, 8vo. Boston, Wells & Lilly, and Bliss & White, New-York.

A Narrative of the Last Moments of the Life of Don Augustine de Iturbide, Ex-Emperor of Mexico. By Colonel Charles de Beneski. Translated from the Spanish, New-York, 1825.

Drama. Phelles, King of Tyre, or the Downfall of Tyranny. A Tragedy in Five Acts, as performed at the New York Theatre. New-York. C. Wiley. 1825.

Education. The Institutes of English Grammar, methodically arranged, with examples for Parsing, Exercises, &c. &c., and a key to the Oral Exercises. To which are added, four Appendixes. Designed for the use of Schools, Acadeinies, and private learners. By Goold Brown. Second Edition, revised and enlarged. S. Wood & Sons. One vol. 12m0. Robert Fowole. Boston. 1825. 18ino.

History. View and Description of the City of New-Orange, (now New-York,) as it was in the year 1673. 8vo. New-York.

In this little pamphlet, the industry of Mr. Moulton,* has collected many curious and valuable matters. An engraved view of the city as it

* Mr. Moulton is already known to the public as being, conjointly with Mr. Secretary Yates, the industrious collector of that maes of curious and valuable documents now publishing under the name of the “ History of New-York." The first part of the first volume has already appeared, and was prepared almost entirely by Mr. Moulton. It is our intention, in some future number, to discuss the merits of this work, which, we shall now merely say, will, in its completed state, be indispensably necessary to all such as wish to be minutely informed of the early history of this State.

was in 1673, when it contained three hundred bouses, and 2500 inhabitants, is prefixed It appeared originally on the map of the Dutch possessions on the American Continent published in Holland; an exact copy of it was made in 1769, by M. Du Simitiere, a French gentleman who resided some time in New-York; and this copy came to the hands of Mr. Moulton. The engraving is followed by a kind of memoir containing some notices of the history and customs of that period ; some documents showing the form of government and police of the city at that time, all traces of which are lost at the present day; and an enumeration of the wealthiest inhabitants of the city, made in the year 1674, when a tax was levied to reimburse the expenses incurred during the preceding year, in repairing the fortifications and otherwise providing for the defence of the city. Then follows a minute explana. tion of the plate, in which many curious particulars relating to the state of the colony one hundred and fifty years since, partly gathered from tradition, and partly drawn from ancient documents, are related, and the several portions of the view are compared and identified with their places in the city at the present day.

All the inatters contained in this publication are not equally select and valuable, and little can be said in praise of the order in which they are presented; but the nature and design of the work did not leave much opportunity for methodical arrangement. They are all, perhaps, worth preserving ; and the public is much indebted io Mr. Moulton, for collecting and giving to the world many facts, the evidence of which might otherwise soon be lost. The descendants of the original settlers of New-York, among whom the traditions and documents of its early history are preserved, compose but a small part of its population ; and amid the rapid influx of strangers from all nations, and all parts of the United States, these traditions are growing every day more obscure, and these documents becoming more scarce, and difficult of access. Yet the information they convey cannot be uninteresting to the merest stranger who has ever visited this city, and seen its waters thronged with vessels from all nations, its streets resounding with the noises of commerce, and its limits visibly extending froin day to day. The future and inevitable prosperity of New-York, has become a common topic of speculation. To those who are fond of dwelling upon this subject, and it must be owned that few of our citizens are not so in a greater or less degree, it inust certainly be an interesting employment to behold the city as it existed in its seminal speck, a century and a half ago, when it gave no indication of the greatness and splendour it was soon destined to attain. With the lapse of time and the growth of our city, what we now call only curious will become invaluable. What a treasure to a London antiquary would be such a representation of the original aspect and state of his city, as Mr Moulton has given us of ours. Mr. Moulton intimates, in this pamphlet, that he is in possession of some valuable information relating to an earlier period of the settlement of New-York, and that he has collected many particulars relating to the customs, manners, domestic habits, and amusements of the ancient inhabitants. We hope he will lose no time in giving them to the public.

History of Boston, No. 12. Boston.

Annals of the American Revolution ; or a record of the Causes and Events which produced and terminated in the Establishment and Independence of the American Republic, &c. To which is prefixed, a sum

mary account of the Settlement of the Country, and some of the principal Indian Wars, wbich have, at successive periods, afflicted its Inhabitants. To which are added, Remarks on the Principles and Comparative Advantages of the Constitution of our National Government; and an Appendix, containing a Biography of the principal Military Officers, who were instrumental in achieving our Independence, complied from a mass of authentic Documents, and arranged in Chronological and Historical Order. By Jedidiah Morse, D. D. Author of the American Universal Gazeteer. 8vo. pp. 450. Hartford.

Law. Laws of the State of New York, in relation to the Erie aud Champlain Canals, together with the Annual Reports of the Canal Commissioners, and other documents requisite to a complete official History of these Works. With Surveys, and other Engravings. Containing a detailed Account of the Dimensions and Cost of the Canal and the several Locks. 2 vols. royal 8vo. Albany. Published by the Authority of the State.

Mathematics. A Treatise on Surveying, &c. By the Rev. Abel Flint. Fisth Edition. With Additions and Illustrations. By George Gillett, SurveyorGeneral of the State of Connecticut. 8vo. Hartford. Walsh's Mercantile Arithmetic. Fifth Edition. Salem. J. R. Buffum.

Medicine. Typhus syncopalis, sinking typhus, or the spotted fever of New England, as it appeared in the epidemic of 1823, in Middletown, Connecticut. By Thomas Miner, M. D. Middletown, (Conn.) Printed for the author.

On the Surgical Anatomy of the Groin, as connected with Hernia of the Abdomen. By Alexander F. Vaché, of New-York. 1825.

A clear, systematic, and accurate description of the intricate Anatomy of the Groin. It is not often that we meet with Inaugural Dissertations, of equal merit, on this important and interesting ubject.

Miscellaneous. Visit of La Fayette to the La Fayette Female Academy, in Lexington, Ky. May 16, 1825, and the exercises in honour of the Nation's Guest; together with a catalogue of the Instructers, Visiters and Pupils of the Academy. Lexington, Ky.

The United States Literary Gazette, No. 9 and 10, for August. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard & Co.

The Port Folio, No. 279, for July, 1825.

Christian Patriotism: An address delivered at Concord, July the Fourth, 1825. By the Rev. Nathaniel Bouton 8vo. Pp24. Concord. A Plea for Africa, delivered July the Fourth By the Rev. Leonard Ba

8vo pp. 22. New-Haven. T. G. Woodward & Co. Boston Monthly Magazine No 3, for August, 1825.

A Serinon preached in the Church in Braitle-street, with Notes, Historical and Biographical. By John G. Palfiey, Pastor of the Church, 8vo. pp. 81. Boston.

The Long Island Journal of Philosophy, and Cabinet of Variety, Nos. 3, and 4. Huntington, L. I.

con.

Novels. Tadeuskund, the last king of the Lenape, an Historical Tale. Boston. Cummings, Hilliard & Co.

Frederick de Algeroy, the Hero of Camden Plains. A Revolutionary Tale. By Giles Gazer, Esq. New-York. Collins and Hannay, Collins & Co. È. Bliss & E. White, and W. B. Gilley.

If people will persist in writing wretched novels, notwithstanding that the public obstinately refuse to buy them, in were well would they always imitate the praiseworthy economy of the authors of Tadeuskund and Frederick de Algeroy, and contine themselves to a single volume. Less money would be lost in the publication, and less misery inflicted upon those who are so unfortunate as to undertake to read them.

We have had some difficulty in balancing the respective merits of these two works. If Tadeuskund has the more tragical conclusion, it must be owned that Frederick de Algeroy can boast of the more tragical commencement. If the author of Frederick de Algeroy has his Irishman and Scotchman who entertain us with abundance of their delightful dialects, the author of Tadeuskund, as if determined not to be outdone, introduces a Frenchman who chatters whole pages of French. In Tadeuskund there is a German, who talks something like a Welshman, but in Frederick de Algeroy there is a Yankee who talks like no other being. In a word, Tadeuskund has the most nonsense by just forty-one pages and three quarters, but that of Frederick de Algeroy is more exquisitely concocted.

Ornithology American Ornithology; or the Natural History of Birds inhabiting the United States, not given by Wilson ; with Figures drawn, engraved and coloured. By Charles Lucien Bonaparte. Vol. 1st. Imperial 4to. Philadelphia. Samuel Augustus Mitchell.

Poetry.
Don Juan, Cantos 17 and 18. C. Wiley. One vol. 18mo.

The Garland; or, Vew General Repository of Fugitive Poetry. No. 1. vol. 1. 8vo T. M. Skinner. Auburn.

Theology. Missionary Herald. Vol. XI. No. 8, for August. Boston. Crocker & Brewster.

A Sermon on Human Depravity. By Edmund Q. Sewall. 8vo. pp. 34. Amherst, N. H.

The American Baptist Magazine. Vol. V. No. 8, for August. Boston.

The Gospel Advocate, for August. Vol. 5. No. 8. Boston.

A Discourse delivered in the Middle Dutch Church in Cedar-street, on Sunday evening, June 12th, 1825, on occasion of the death of Mrs. Mary Laidlie. By Richard Varick Dev, A. M Pastor of the Congregational Church, Greenfield Hill, Connecticut. New-York. Wilder and Campbell. Broadway.

A discourse full of feeling and eloquence, which does equal credit to the head and heart of the writer. The following is the opening paragraph, and is forcibly expressed: " There is no tie which Death, the great Destroyer, revers for ever upon earth, more endearing in its intimacymore holy in its nature-more remcdiless in its dissolution, than that which binds children to an affectionate mother. It is when that loss is felt-when the full sensation of the bereavement first comes home to the bosem of the mourner-when the voice that from childhood sounded so sweetly in the ear, is kushed for ever in the grave-when the eye of love is dull, and glazed in the stillness of apathi-when the lineaments stamped upon the heart, with all its most hallowed associations, are fixod and inexpressive, and have become as the clods of the valley—it is then that the heart stricken muurner realize the dreariness-the solitude-the agony of his deprivation.”

The description of maternal love never tires by repetition, and the few words we subjoin, are not the less affecting becauso they have often been spoken before.

“But the attachment of a mother, no change of fortune-no loss of influence--not even the loss of character, can destroy. As the triumph of her children is her own, so is their downfall, and so is their dishonour. Her heart bleeds for them instinctively; her tears flow unbidden for their

Her eye follows them while present, and her soul goes with them while absent. With patience that never tires, and self-denjal that never ceases, she cheerfully sacrifices for them her own comforts and pleasures. Her sympathy is felt-not obtruded; her consolation is never officious, and always soothing to the spirither friendship is unalterable in life and strong in deathand she breathes her last sigh in a prayer for the welfare of her children."

sorrows.

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