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For I delivered unto you first of all, that which I also re

ceived, how that Christ died for our sins, according to

the Scriptures. St. Paul, meaning in this chapter to maintain a very fun- SERM. damental point of our religion (the resurrection of the XXVII, dead) against fome infidels or heretics, who among the Corinthians, his fcholars in the faith, did oppose it; doth, in order to the proof of his assertion, and refutation of that pernicious error, premise those doctrines, which he having received both from relation of the other Apostles, and by immediate revelation from God himself, had delivered unto them, ły wpútois, in the first place, or among the prime things; that is, as most eminent and important points of Christian doctrine; the truth whereof consequently (standing upon the same foundations with Chriftianity itself, upon Divine revelation and apostolical testimony) could nowise be disputed of, or doubted, by any good Christian. Of which doctrines (the collection of which he styleth the Gospel; that Gospel, by embracing and retaining which they were, he faith, to be saved) the first is that in our text, concerning the death of our Lord, undergone by him for our salvation: which point, as of all others in our religion it is of peculiar consequence, so it much concerneth us both firmly to believe it and well

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1 Cor. ii. 2.


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SERM. to understand it; for it is by faith in his blood that we are
XXVII. justified, and by knowing Christ crucified we shall be chiefly
Rom. iii. edified; the word imparting this knowledge being the
power of God to salvation. It therefore I mean now,

by Rom. i. 16. God's assistance, to explain and apply; the which I shall Philip. iii. do generally and absolutely; without any particular accommodation of


discourse to the words of this text; yet so as to comprehend all the particulars observable in them. The death of our Lord then is my subject, and about it I shall consider, 1. Its nature, or wherein it did confift. 2. Some peculiar adjuncts and respects thereof, which commend it to our regard, and render it considerable to us. 3. The principles and (impressive and meritorious) causes thereof. 4. The ends which it aimed at ; together with the fruits and effects of it. 5. Some practical influences, which the confideration thereof may and should have upon us.

1. As for the nature of it we must affirm, and believe assuredly, that it was a true and proper death; in kind not different from that death, to the which all we mortal

creatures are by the law and condition of our nature fubPl. lxxxix. ject, and which we must all sometime undergo; for, What

man is he that lịveth and shall not see death; that shall
deliver his foul from the hand of the grave ? that death,
which is signified by cessation from vital operations ; (of all
motions natural or voluntary, of all sense and knowledge,
appetite and passion ;) that death, which is caused by vio-
lent disunion, or dislocation, by distempering, or however
indisposing the parts, humours, spirits of the body, so
that the soul can no longer in them and by them conti-
nue to exercise those functions, for which its conjunction
thereto was intended, and cannot therefore fitly reside
therein a; that death, which is supposed to consist in the
dissolution of that vital band, whatever it be, whereby the
soul is linked and united to the body; or in that which is
thereupon consequent, the separation, department, and ab-



- 'Επεί κε πρώτα λίπη λεύκ' όσέα θυμός: Ψυχή δ', ούτ' όνειρος, αποπταμένη πιπότηται.

Hom. Odyf. A.


fence of the foul from the body; each of that couple, SERM. upon their divorce, returning home to their original prin- XXVII. ciples, as it were; the body to the earth from whence it Gen. ii. 19. was taken, and the Spirit unto God who gave it. Such Ecclef. xii. causes antecedent are specified in the story; such figns Pi. civ. 29. following are plainly implied, such a state is expressed in the very terms, whereby our death is commonly signified: the same extremity of anguish, the fame dilaceration of parts, the same effufion of blood, which would destroy our vital temper, quench our natural heat, stop our animal motions, exhaust our fpirits, and force out our breath, did work upon him; necessarily producing the like effects on him, as who had assumed the common imperfections and infirmities of our nature; in regard to which violences inupon

him he is said, áronteiver Ja, to be killed or Acts iji. 15. Παin και διαχειρίζεσθαι, to be difpatched; αναιρείσθαι, to be made away ; énonco Jav, to perish, or be destroyed; 150209geteo Jun, Ifa. liii. 8. to be cut off, as it is in Daniel; o párleo Jan, to be Naughtered ; Súso Jall, to be sacrificed; which words do all of Rev. v. 9. them fully import a real and proper death to have ensued upon those violent usages toward him.

And by the ordinary signs of death, apparent to sense, the soldiers judged him dead; and therefore, ws silov avtòr Tiên TEDxxóta, seeing him already dead, they forbare to break John xix. his legs: by the same all the world was fatisfied thereof; both his fpiteful enemies, that stood with delight, waiting for this utmost success of their malicious endeavours to destroy him; and his loving friends, who with compaf- Mark xiv. fionate respect attended upon him through the course of Luke xxii. his suffering; and those who were ready to perform their 27, last offices of kindness, in procuring a decent interment of 25.

viii. 33.
Dan. ix. 26.

John xviii. 4. xi. 50.


John xix.

his body

His transition also, and abiding in this state, are expressed by terms declaring the propriety of his death, and its agreement with our death. St. Mark telleth us, that BEÉRVEUGE, animam efflavit, he expired, breathed out his Mark xv. foul, or his last breath ; St. Matthew, ápñue tò aveīļa, ani-7

Matt. xxvii. mam egit, he let go his spirit, or gave up the ghost ; 50. St. John, wapéowxe aveīna, he delivered up his spirit into John xix.


Luke xxiii. 46.

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X. 15, 18.
xiii. 37.
1 John iii. 6.

2 Pet. i. 15.


SERM. God's hand; the which St. Luke expresseth done with a XXVII. formal resignation ; Father, said he, into thy hands I com

mend (or I depofe) my Spirit; he doth also himself fre

quently express his dying by laying down his life, and Παρατίθε.

bestowing it as a ranfom, which sheweth him really to John xv.13. have parted with it.

His death also (as ours is wont to be denoted by like phrases) is termed todos, excesus e vivis, a going out of

life, or from the society of men; (for Moses and Elias are Luke ix.31. said to tell, thu côoy aúrő, his decease, which he should ac*Αφιξις.

complish at Jerusalem ;) and metábasis, a passing over, or Acts xx. 29. translation from this into another world; (When, faith John xiii.i. St. John, Jejus knew that his time was come, lva Metabń,

that he should depart from this world.) His death also was John ii. 19. enigmatically described by the destruction or demolishment Matt. xxvi.

of his bodily temple, answerable to those circumlocu2 Cor. v. 1. tions concerning our ordinary death; the disolution of our

earthly house of tabernacle, or transitory abode, in St. Paul; 2 Pet. i. 14. the anodevis Tê oxnvázatos, laying down, or putting off our

tabernacle, in St. Peter.

It were also not hard to shew, how all other phrases and circumlocutions, by which human death is expressed, either in holy Scripture or in usual language, or among philosophers and more accurate speakers, are either expressly applied, or by consequence are plainly applicable

to the death of our Saviour ; fuch, for instance, as these 1 Tim.iv. in Scripture ; &váxuris, being resolved into our principles,

or the returning of them thither whence they came; dróLuke ii. 29. Augis, a being freed, licensed, or dismissed hence; éxenuíce 2 Cor. v. 8. $x cúSuatos, a going, or abode abroad; a peregrination,

or absentment from the body; an éxduris, putting off, or Acts xiii. being divested of the body; an ápaviopòs, disappearance,

or cessation in appearance to be; a going hence, and not xlix.33,&c. being seen; a falling on sleep, resting from our labours, 13. lii. s. ** Neeping with our fathers, being added, and gathered to our xxviii. 1. fathers; being taken, or cut off out of the land of the livlxxxviii

. 4. ing ; going down into the pit ; lying down, resting, sleeping Jer . xi. 19. in the dust; making our bed in darkness: these and the like

. 18. xxvi.19. Ezek. xxvi. 20. Dan. xii, 12. Job vii, 21. xvii. 16. XX. 11. xxi. 26. xvii. 13.

Phil. i. 23.

36. Gen.xxv.8.

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