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cultivation of the coffee berry-and tepid souls and well-fed bodies. The the natives--and the happy settlement,

letters of General Lowell himself are on the banks of the African rivers, of supplemented by many others written our superabundant home population." Mr. Jarndyce, on requesting Esther

to him or about him by his friends, the Summerson to inform him what she fine flower of the State in their day, and Ada Clare thought of Mrs. Jel- but his own show a wonderfully tine lyby, received a reply which may in character, and give the reader a posterest those who are wondering what session forever, a vision of young became of husband and children dur- knighthood. Houghton, Mifflin & Co. ing the time the Suffragette was engaged at Westminster “fighting" for her vote. The following is the reply

Under the apt and alluring title of Mr. Jarndyce received to his question: "Nature's Craftsmen" Dr. Henry C. "We thought that perhaps it is right McCook groups in one delightful volto begin with the obligations of home,

ume the fruits of long study of those sir; and that, perhaps, while those are

tiny creatures of the insect world, -overlooked and neglected, no other duties can possibly be substituted for ants, bees, wasps, spiders, etc. whose them."

busy lives and diverting traits escape the ordinary observation and are

known to comparatively few even of The "sorrowful splendid past" of the Nature lovers and students. The book civil war has few names of young men is scientific, in the sense of being an on its death-list more worthy of eulogy accurate record of close and affectionthan Charles Russell Lowell's, and his ate study; and it is popular, in the “Life and Letters" of which Mr. Ed- sense of being written in a style so ward W. Emerson has made a vol- pleasing and so free from technical deume, must, even now, forty years after tail as to be easily understood by the his death, be counted among the mem- unscientific reader. If it is true that orable books of the season. In his the undevout astronomer is mad, it is great kinsman's poetry his figure is scarcely less true of the entomologist; forever enshrined as it seemed in its for from the almost infinitely little as last great moment of sacrifice, but well as from the infinitely great lesthe story of the ways which brought sons on the Divine wisdom and benefi. him to that noble end has not attained cence are to be drawn. Dr. McCook's the immortality of a book until now. work is not less valuable because he is Mr. Emerson guards himself against not blind to this aspect of his subject. undue enthusiasm with caution almost Some chapters of the book have ap. unique among American biographers, peared in Harper's Magazine and other and hardly equalled by any one ex- periodicals, but a large part is new cept Mr. Charles Francis Adams, but and so much as is old has been reperhaps wise in these days when new written and rearranged. One hundred men have arisen who knew not Joseph. or more illustrations from nature add and find it brilliantly clever to dispar- to the interest and attractiveness of age the deeds of arms that would these charming nature-studies. Harnever have tempted them to part their per & Bros.

SEVENTH

SERIES

No. 3284 June 15, 1907.

FROM BEGINNING

Vol. COLIII.

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CONTENTS.
A Colonial Study of London Civilization, By Edith Searle
Grossmann

NINETEENTH CENTURY AND AFTER 643
A Poet's Wife. By Florence MacCunn GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE 652
The Enemy's Camp. Chapters XVII and XVIII. (To be continued)

MACMILLAN'S MAGAZINE 662 The Last O'Hara. By Andrew James BLACKWOOD's MAGAZINE 670 Go to Skellig! By H. Ringsmill Moore MACMILLAN's Magazine 681 Culture in the Crucible. By T. H. S. Escott

LONDON QUARTERLY REVIEW 688 Worry.

NATION 693 The Mind of Christ.

SPECTATOR 695 The Cry of the Russian Children. By R. C. Lehmann PUNCA 698 The Nationalist Decision.

ECONOMIST 700 Hungary and the Austrian Elections.

OUTLOOK 702

VI.

VII. VIII. IX.

X. XI.

XII. XIII. XIV.

A PAGE OF VERSE
Sea-Roses. J. E. Healy
The Touchstone. E. Nesbit
Gift-Flowers. A. Hugh Fisher
BOOKS AND AUTHORS

642 THE NATION 642

842 703

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With a breath from your lips lol mar

scatter The blossoms that scented the air, And your mirror may say if it matter

One stays in your hair.

THE TOUCHSTONE. There was a garden, very strange, and

fair With all the roses summer never

brings. The snowy blossom of immortal

springs Lighted its boughs, and I, even I, was

there. There were new heavens. and the

earth was new. And still I told my heart the dre:im

was true.

Yet keep them a day in your bosom. Yet hold them one night in your

breastA day is a life for a blossom. And night is its rest.

.1. Hugh Fisher.

A COLONIAL STUDY OF LONDON CIVILIZATION.

The articles that have been pub- and amidst primitive circumstances, lished in this Review on the subject dropped off much of the social prejuof English insularity have brought out dice and superstition, the fossiled travery clearly the divergence of type be- ditions and antique customs, and at the tween the Englishman and the New same time lost much of the artistic and Zealander. The first two articles ex- polished perfection of style and appearpress the views of a Colonial, born and ance that characterizes twentieth-ceneducated in his own country, who has tury England. Briefly, the main differalready had some career there and ence is that the English are conserving whose claim to represent its indigenous and polishing an ancient type of society opinion is not much affected by an at- based on the predominance and appitack published in the humorous col- ness of a small section of the nation, umns of a local newspaper of dissim- while the Antipodeans are laboring to ilar politics. The reply of the Rhodes evolve a newer and more comprehenscholar, expressing the inherited or im- sive social system. Those who return ported view, is that of a New Zea- to the home of their ancestral race find lander educated at Oxford; but even he themselves face to face with a gigantreats England with a certain detach- tic and highly developed civilization. ment and draws contrasts which prac

Either their imagination is overtically concede the growth of a sepa

whelmed or else an instinct of criticisin rate nationality. Our "Motherland" is, is aroused. Had there not been a critand must be, the country that bore ical spirit in New Zealand, the country and bred us, and the sentiment that never would have attempted to avoid gives the title even to the land of our the old social evils, but would have forefathers is either unreal or unpa- slavishly copied good and bad alike. triotic. New Zealanders, however, are Jr. Thomson's statement that all who not a new or "young“ people, springing remain long enough in England must from unknown savage sources like the

fall in love with the conservative spirit, Tongans or Fijians; they possess as

might be less questionable if he had fully as any native-born Briton the in- written in Oxford" instead of “in tellectual heritage left by our common

England." For in the venerable uniancestors; all the centuries of English versity town, with its architectural history that precede the last fifty or beauty, its consecrated traditions, its sixty years are their own. It is only

aloofness from the vulgar struggle for from that date that they diverge. They Wealth and position, the conservatism are a British people, who from the out- of old forms show's its most attractive set were more adventurous and less aspect. trammelled by convention than the ma

But it is London and not Oxford jority of their countrymen, and who. which is the true product of old-world having settled in an untamed country

civilization; London which almost blots

out the rest of England by its own 1 “A Colonial View of Colonial Loyalty"

supreme significance. Now London, ip(The Nineteenth Century, October 1903); “The Insularity of the English” (The Nineteenth stead of converting all Colonials to the Century, April 1906, The Living Age, May 12, incient class system, has converted to 1906); “Insularity of the English: Another

imcompromising State Socialism sevColonial View” (The Nineteenth Century, September 1906).

eral who were once inclined towards

the so-called "Conservative party” in Einpire has been to the world, that New Zealand; because they see in the London now is to the Empire. The industrial proletariat the terrible price greatness of our ancestral race lies in that must be paid for Conservatism. Not its enormous national digestion. It all may see it, or care to see it. It is not swallows up tribes, races, territories, a sufficiently amusing sight to tourists. whole empires; and not only swallows No individual Colonial can claim to but assimilates them, suppressing naspeak for the whole colony. Some will tive characteristics or making them criticise, some will admire, each ac- subservient to its own expansion. Far cording to their temperament. London beyond the limits of its nominal dominmust be with all either a grande passion ion its influence has spread, conqueror a mortal antipathy. So it has been ing more by persistent and invincible amongst provincials, and so it is still. faith in itself than by cannon, and subIts literary lovers have been fewer stituting everywhere the English style than its haters, probably because its in dress, architecture, food, and cuscivilization is materialistic and unspir- toms for the native style. But in Lonitual. To Edward FitzGerald the city don the force is that of attraction inwas hideous and monstrous; Gissing stead of diffusion abroad. Here come painted it as a sordid modern inferno; the provincials, the Scotch, the Irish, its own Cockney poet described it, in the Americans, the Colonials, the for one of the most profoundly gloomy eigners; for pleasure, for education, for poems ever written, as "the City of a career, or for a refuge. The city sorts Dreadful Night." Yet in hate as well them out for its various uses, grinds as in love it draws to it all talent that clown their distinctive features, fits. is free to move, just as it did in the them into its own scheme, and turns days of Shakespeare or of Goldsmith. them out not so much individualities It is a huge emporium that forces the as atoms of a social system. Somesmaller shops off the field of competi- thing of the original substance may be tion, or reduces them to the position left, but first and foremost all citizens of supporting a bare existence by sup- must be Londoners, and only in the plying immediate local needs. Even second place Devonians, Cornishmen, Edinburgh has had to abdicate its old or North Countrymen. In the case of literary sovereignty; no young Scotch Colonials the process of assimilation is poet or philosopher of our days dreams more rapid, because their distinctive of seeking a career in the city that was character is as yet only "in the makonce the Athens of the North. Nor can ing,” but amongst them too there is an any British colony hope to compete

unassimilated remnant. even within its own boundaries with In trying to discover anything like a the enormous supplies of literature uniform design amongst this heterogepoured into it from the British market. neous web of material, an onlooker is Englishmen sometimes resent the high continually perplexed by inconsistenplaces which Scotchmen win for them- cies. Modern travellers have a trick of selves in the Church, the Government. stating that the country they happen to in literature and the professions. But it

be describing-America, China, India. or is Scotland that is the loser. Its nation- Russia-is a land of paradox and a bunality is yielded up and its intellectual dle of contradictions. This is a safe vigor is drained away to feed the great

remark to make of all communities, ness of the metropolis. The same cen- and may serve to qualify any dogmatic tripetal movement has begun from the generalizing about the cosmopolitan farthest colonies. What the British millions compressed within the narrow

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