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itonitis, and she has had to put off all
ful dress throwing every one else at Mrs. Ashley Carbonel's into the shade! I was to have been with the Rutters at Church Stretton for the week-end, but poor dear Mrs. Rutter has just written to say that her sister is dangerously ill at Woodhall Spa with something that may very likely develop into per
Miss Olive Shackle to Mrs. Vincent Olly.
(Telegram.) Will come with pleasure.
BOOKS AND AUTHORS.
"The Dickens Concordance," by Mary one who has experienced all its deWilliams, which is to contain a com- lights. Boy readers will find it divertplete list of characters and places men- ing; and boys of yesterday who buy tioned in Dickens, and also a full it for their boys of to-day may find alphabetical list, is shortly to be pub- reminders of their own lost youth if lished by Mr. Francis Griffiths,
they turn over its pages before relin
quishing it to the younger generation. The trend of prices for new novels The story is illustrated by L. J. in England appears to be downwards. Bridgman. Messrs. Sisley, Messrs. Chatto, and Messrs. Routledge are issuing them at Richard L. Metcalfe, author of “Of half-a-crown instead of 6s.; Mr. Heine- Such is the Kingdom" and other mann is starting 48. novels; and now stories from life, is a Nebraska newsMessrs. Blackwood are issuing Mrs. paper man; and the thirty or forty Cecil Thurston's newest work, “The sketches contained in the volume are Mystics," at 33. 6d, instead of 6s.
apparently reprinted from the news
paper in which they first appeared. “The Traveller's Joy" is a quaint, Many of them are comments upon little English inn, where a young liter- current happenings. What gives them ary man of some reputation in London value and a certain unity is the simpie hopes to find leisure and inspiration faith, the love for children, and the for his work. 'Upon the scene appears sympathy with goodness and truth the pretty niece of a neighboring pro- which pervade them. There is no atprietor and complications follow. In tempt at fine writing; still less is there spite of some promising bits of de- any mere playing with sentiment. All scription in the opening chapters, the of the stories are simple and genuine; story soon drops to the commonplace. and some of them have an indefinable Ernest Frederick Pierce is the author. though homely charm. The book is E. P. Dutton & Co.
published from the Woodruff-Collins
Press, Lincoln, Nebraska. In “Raymond Benson at Krampton," the second volume in Clarence B. Bur. Professor Kuno Francke's “German leigh's Raymond Benson series, life at Ideals of To-day," is written with the a New England country academy is intention of arousing sympathy with described with the spirit and vigor of German views of education, public life, literature and art, and in German "If you lose faith in my story," writes achievements in criticism, literature, Dr. Van Eeden, at the very beginning of sculpture, and the drama. All but one “The Quest,” “read no further, for then of the papers contained in it have been it was not written for you." The cau published before, and in the exception tion is not necessary, for of the three will be found an exposition of the pres- parts composing the book, the first, alent state of German literature and a though an allegory is concealed behopeful presage of its future. Those neath its deceptively simple fairy tale, who do not read German will find the is so thoroughly attractive that few volume an excellent guide to some cur- readers will find themselves able to rerent translations concerning which sist its charm, still less able to forego American criticism has little definite exploration of the two parts continuing to say.
The courteous frankness of it. The book is a compound of truths, the book is noteworthy and should half-truths, paradoxes, heresy, and mysmake friends for it, and accomplish ticism, through which the hero, Little its author's intention. Houghton, Johannes, moves, himself involved in a MiMin & Co.
mist concealing both his age and his
stature. This confusion apparently rep. Mr. Basil King's "The Giant's resents that riddle of the painful earth Strength” is concerned entirely with of which man always seeks and never the difficulties besetting a rich man's finds the solution, before which his endeavors to make reparation to the soul, be he gray beard or babe whose victims on whose ruin his early suc- first conscious thought has but just
were founded, to win their swam into his vision is but an impalforgiveness, and to be justified in pable, airy, infinitesimal atom, of itthe eyes of his own children and self helpless, hopeless, without duration friends. The vanity and futility of his or abiding place. Hither and thither efforts reveal the true way to him, the wanders the Little Johannes, following way declared by the Master to the now one and now another guide, good young man of great possessions, and death, dark devil, gnome, happy fairy, he is left to the task of following it mischievous elf, careless children, faswhile happiness comes to those who cinating woman, man assuming the have suffered through him. Mr. airs of one superior to religion, or a King's vivid sense of humor, hardly mysterious laboring man professing to felt in the talk or in the incidents of teach a religion transcending Christianthis story, has preserved him both ity in its present form. Upon one's from hysterical denunciations of the agreement with the statements of this capitalist, and from the presentation last guide, hunted to death by the mob, of quack remedies for diseases of the laid by curious science on his last body politic, and he treats both the re- couch, the dissecting table, depends ligious problem of repentance and the one's acceptance of the book as an eneconomic problem of the huge, unman- lightener or as a clever darkener of ageable fortune, so gravely, logically counsel. Evidently, he speaks the auand impressively, that he is really in- thor's last word, and it may content structive. Nevertheless, “The Giant's those who know naught better; to othStrength” is a good love story and to ers the book will still contain an abuneffect such a combination is no small dant treasury of fancy, wit, and clever feat. Harper & Brothers.
allegory. John W. Luce & Co.
No. 3283 June 8, 1907.
CONTENTS. I. Peasant Studies in French Fiction.
EDINBURGH REVIEW 579 II. The Life and Letters of Leslie Stephen. By G. W. Prothero
NINETEENT: CENTURY AND AFTER 598 The Enemy's Camp. Chapter XVII. (To be continued)
MACMILLAN'S MAGAZINE 607 The Need of the Poor. By Will Crooks
GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE 612 V. The Romance of a Bookseller. By Katharine Tynan
CORNHILL MAGAZINE 616 VI. My Moorish Friends, By Stephen Gwynn
MACMILLAN'S MAGAZINE 624 VII. The Rights of Subject Races. By Henry W. Nevinson NATION 630 VIII. President Roosevelt and the American People. SPECTATOR 632 IX. Some Orators at Westminster. By Henry W. Lucy
ALBANY REVIEW 635 X. A Transformed London
A PAGE OF VERSE
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PEASANT STUDIES IN FRENCH FICTION.*
Arcadian peasants, the porcelain fig. æstheticism of taste, and their process urines of the eighteenth century, berger was based upon the assumption that it and bergère of tinted ivory, in their is the office of art to superimpose pogreen-room setting of well-watered etry on nature. They left it to their meadow and shady woodland; the gen- successors to enunciate the converse tle shepherd with crook and panpipe, doctrine: that it is the function of the the shepherdess with white-fleeced flock artist to draw poetry from nature and and beribboned distaff, “Robin et to elicit from existing actualities the Marion," breathed their last when mod- poetry they enclose and emanate. ern fiction supplanted the old lyric “Dégager l'idéal du réel" became the travesties of village and rural life. In- dictum of the new schoolmen, who in animate effigies too far removed from their turn were destined to view the reality even to counterfeit nature, they advent of a later creed when a total were swept away like faded paper
divorce was effected between the ideal flowers, and relegated to the dusty in- of beauty and the presentment of truth. diguities of unremembered shelves Pastoralism died, without hope of where the muse dear to one generation
resurrection, and for a period the peasof readers is, according to time-hon- ant, as a theme in art, lay in abeyance; ored custom, consigned by the next. nor, when after the lapse of years, "on Their doom was a foregone conclusion; découvrait de nouveau le paysan et le the root of stability, truth to a living village comme on les avait déjà découmodel, was lacking. The aim of the verts une fois à la fin du 18ième pastoralists had been to present that siècle," was any single feature of the aspect, and only that aspect, of rus
older type rejuvenated. The whole ticity which they imagined could be en- sentiment of pre-Revolution days was dued with romance or invested with- revoked; the levity, the wit, lavished as they conceived of poetry--poetic on scenes and dialogues drawn from glamor. Their method was to engraft rural life, had vanished; the colored mental preconceptions of beauty and glasses through which peasant and lagrace upon “things as they are." They borer, cottager and villager, were created with adventitious adornings a
viewed, were broken. The new literary type whose refinement and charm were
epoch testified to a more vigorous grasp an artificial response to an artificial on life and the actualities of life. The
peasant's countenance, his gesture, his • 1 “La Mare au Diablo." Par George Sand. Paris, 1851.
environment, were delineated from a 2 “ Los Paysans." Par H. do Balzac. Paris, totally changed standpoint; gaiety, or 1845,
what bore a somewhat dubious likeness 3 “L'Ensorcelée." Par Barboy d'Aurovilly. Paris, 1864.
to it. had passed away; the light4 “Un Ceur Simple." (Trois Contos.) Par hearted loves and ephemeral sorrows of Gustave Flaubert. Paris, 1877.
the village-green tradition were sup5 “La Fille de Ferme." (“La Maison Tollier.'') Par Quy do Maupassant. Paris, 1881.
planted by serious, often by disastrous, 6 “La Fortune des Rougon." Par Emile passions. The peasant had ceased to. Zola. Paris, 1871.
be the toy of art, he had become in lit7 "La Torre qui Mourt." Par Roné Bazin. Paris, 1900.
erature, as in fact, a social, political or (And othor works.)
philanthropic problem, and his discov.