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horses, by our habits, and by every other appoint

ment, to be ourselves. Poins. Tut! our horses they shall not see; I'll tie them 175

in the wood ; our vizards we will change after we
leave them : and, sirrah, I have cases of buckram
for the nonce, to immask our noted outward gar-

ments. Prince. Yea, but I doubt they will be too hard for us. 180 Poins. Well, for two of them, I know them to be as true

bred cowards as ever turned back; and for the third,
if he fight longer than he sees reason, I'll forswear
arms. The virtue of this jest will be, the incompre-
hensible lies that this same fat rogue will tell us 185
when we meet at supper: how thirty, at least, he
fought with; what wards, what blows, what ex-
tremities he endured; and in the reproof of this

lives the jest. Prince. Well, I'll go with thee: provide us all things 190

necessary and meet me to-morrow night in East

cheap ;- there I'll sup. Farewell. Poins. Farewell, my lord.

[Exit. Prince. I know you all, and will a while uphold The unyoked humour of your idleness :

195 180. Yea, but] But Ff. 185. same] omitted Qq 5-8, Ff. 188. this] these Qq 6-8. 189. lives] Q 1; lies the rest. 194. a while] a-while Ff 1, 2.

173-174. appointment] article of 187. wards] guards, positions on equipment.

guard. The words “he lay at” may 177. cases] garments or suits, as in be supplied after “wards.” Measure for Measure, II. iv. 13, and 187-188. extremities]

of Hazlitt's Dodsley, vii. 423.

danger. 177. buckram] coarse linen stiffened 188. reproof] disproof, confutation. with glue.

189. lives] The reading of Q I re178. immask] to mask, to conceal as ceives support from Much Ado About with a mask. The word does not else- Nothing, iv. i. 190; and King John, where occur in Shakespeare, but ex- Iv. ii. 72. See also Coriolanus, iv. amples of“ inmask" are given in New iii. 26; and iv. i. 56 post. Eng. Dict.

191. to-morrow night] Capell reads 178. noted] marked, known.

to-night, but change is unnecessary. 180. too hard for us] more than a The Prince's appointment with Poins match for us. Cf. Henry VIII. v. i. is made for the evening following the 57: “I will play no more to-night; robbery. So Poins in lines 129-130 ante: you are too hard for me.

“I have bespoke supper to-morrow 184-185. incomprehensible] illimit night in Eastcheap." Knight removes able. An English Expositor, 1684 (7th any ambiguity by pointing meet me. edit.) : “ Incomprehensible. Which To-morrow night in Eastcheap, cannot be comprehended, or contained.” 195. unyoked) unrestrained, whether New Eng. Dict. quotes Nashe, Have the metaphor be that of an animal diswith you : He is asham'd of the in- porting itself when relieved of the yoke comprehensible corpulencie thereof" (cf. “unyoke,” to leave off work, in [i.e. of his book].

Hamlet, v, i, 59), or of a steed un


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Yet herein will I imitate the sun,
Who doth permit the base contagious clouds
To smother up his beauty from the world,
That, when he please again to be himself,
Being wanted, he may be more wonder'd at,
By breaking through the foul and ugly mists
Of vapours that did seem to strangle him.
If all the year were playing holidays,
To sport would be as tedious as to work ;
But when they seldom come, they wish'd for come,
And nothing pleaseth but rare accidents.
So, when this loose behaviour I throw off
And pay the debt I never promised,
By how much better than my word I am,
By so much shall I falsify men's hopes;
And like bright metal on a sullen ground,
My reformation, glittering o'er my fault,
Shall show more goodly and attract more eyes
Than that which hath no foil to set it off.



214. foil] foile Qq 1-3; soile, soyle or soyl the rest.

216. Exit.] omitted Ff.

tamed, that has never submitted to the Then those, which come by sweet yoke, as in 2 Henry IV. iv. ii. 103 : contingences"; “Like youthful steers unyoked.” Cot- and Sonnets, cii. 12. For “accidents," grave: “Desaccouplé . . . Uncoupied, incidents, cf. Tempest, v. i. 250. unyoaked.”

210. falsify . . . hopes) prove men's 195. humour] inclination.

anticipations to have been without 196-202. the sun him] Malone foundation. Malone quotes 2 Henry compares Sonnets, xxxiii. Cf. also IV. v. ii. 126-129. Hopes, expecta. Nashe, Preface to Sidney's Astrophel tions, as in Othello, 1. iii. 203. So“ to and Stella (1591): "The Sunne for a hope” was sometimes used in a neutral time may maske his golden head in a sense (cf. Gk. einiselv and L. sperare). cloud, yet in the end the thicke vaile 211. sullen ground] dark background. doth vanish, and his embellished blan- Steevens compares Richard II. 1. iii. dishment appeares”; Spenser, Facrie 265. Queene, 1. vi. 6; and Dekker, If this be 214. foil] a leaf of dull metal that not a good Play (Pearson, iii, 279) : "sets off” a brighter metal or a precious " Thou art a sunne,

stone in a jewel. Massinger, The And let no base cloudes muffle Guardian, II. v:thee."

"all these are 202. strangle] stille, extinguish. Cf. But foils and settings off." Romeo and Juliet, iv. iii. 35, and Mac. The soile (soyle or soy?) of Qq 4-8 and beth, 11. iv. 7.

Ff is certainly a misprint. 205. when.

come] So W. Basse 215. a skill] an art. See in J. Dennys, in Dover's Annalia Dubrensia (Vyv- Secrets of Angling, 1613, the lines by yan's Reprint, p. 52): “— dulcia sunt J. Davies entitled In due praise of this quo Rarius eveniunt solatia." Cf. praise-worthy Skill and Worke. The Sonnets, lii. 5-8.

verses open with: “In skils that all 206. nothing . . . accidents] So in doe seeke, but few doe finde," and conHerrick, Hesperides :

clude with: “Good things that come of course, “ Who thinke this skill's too low than, far lesse doe please,

for the high,


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I'll so offend, to make offence a skill;
Redeeming time when men think least I will.

215 [Exit.

SCENE III. London. The Palace.


SIR WALTER BLUNT, with others.
King. My blood hath been too cold and temperate,

Unapt to stir at these indignities,
And you have found me; for accordingly
You tread upon my patience: but be sure
I will from henceforth rather be myself,

Mighty and to be fear'd, than my condition ;
Which hath been smooth as oil, soft as young down,
And therefore lost that title of respect

Which the proud soul ne'er pays but to the proud.
Wor. Our house, my sovereign liege, little deserves

The scourge of greatness to be used on it;
And that same greatness too which our own hands

Have holp to make so portly.
North. My lord,
King. Worcester, get thee gone; for I do see


The Palace] Scene changes to an Apartment in the Palace. Theobald. me; for] Keightley read me so. 8. that] the Ff 2-4.

9. soul] omitted Ff 2-4. 14. My lord,-] Capell; My Lord Q9 4, 5; My Lord. the rest.

This Angler reade, and they'l be 5, 6. I will ... condition] I will tane thereby.”

rather be the king I am than follow 216. Redeeming] making amends for the mildness of my disposition. Contime misspent. See Ephesians v. 16. dition, disposition, temper, as in CorioSCENE III.

lanus, v. iv. 10: “Is't possible that so

short a time can alter the condition of London. The Palace] The scene a man,” and Middleton and Rowley, A should perhaps be laid at Windsor, Fair Quarrel, II. i: “Capt. Ager. where, in Holinshed, the Percys beard You know he's hasty,– Lady Ager. the King, requiring him to cause the So are the best conditions.” deliverance, by ransom or otherwise, of 8. title of respect] claim to respect, Edmund Mortimer. See also 1. i. 103, respect to which I have a title. 104 ante.

13. portly) stately, majestic. So in 3. found me] found me out, taken my Marlowe, Tamburlaine (Dyce, p. 11):

So in Othello, 11. i. 253. “this Soldan's daughter rich and brave Cf. Sidney, Arcadia, 11: “ Philoclea my queen and portly emperess.” had streight found her," i.e. read her A trisyllable; see note on 111. i. 67 post, secret; and Holland, Plutarch's Morals, 14. My lord,-) To amend the metre, 1603 : “Fulvius soone found him and Pope read My good lord, and Seyconceived presently what hee meant mour proposed good, my lord,

15. Worcester] a trisyllable, as in 4. You tread

patience] So in Richard II. 11. ii. 58. Hanmer read The Birth of Merlin, ii. ii : “Šir, you Hence, Worcester; Collier MS, Ld tread too hard upon my patience," Worcester,




Danger and disobedience in thine eye:
O, sir, your presence is too bold and peremptory,
And majesty might never yet endure
The moody frontier of a servant brow.
You have good leave to leave us: when we need
Your use and counsel, we shall send for you. [Exit Wor.
You were about to speak.

[To North. North.

Yea, my good lord.
Those prisoners in your highness' name demanded,
Which Harry Percy here at Holmedon took,
Were, as he says, not with such strength denied 25
As is deliver'd to your majesty :
Either envy, therefore, or misprision

Is guilty of this fault and not my son.
Hot. My liege, I did deny no prisoners.
But I remember, when the fight was done,


17. O, sir,] separate line S. Walker conj.

19. servant] servants Qq 6-8. 21. Exit Wor.] omitted Ff. 22. To North.) Rowe. 23. name) omitted Ff. 26. is] he Qq 5-8; was Ff. 27. Either envy', therefore] Who cither through

28. Is] Was Ff.

enuy Ff.


17. O, sir,] S. Walker would give a their faces"; but, as Nares remarks, separate line to 0, sir. Steevens (1793), “the moody forehead of a reading I see in line 15, ends lines 15, brow" is not sense. 16, at danger and sir.

20. good leave] So in Merchant of 17. peremptory] overbearing, as in Venice, 111. ii. 327. Love's Labour's Lost, iv. iii. 226.

25. with such strength denied] so 19. The moody ... brow] the sullen stubbornly refused. or angry menace of a subject's louring 26. deliver'd] reported, as frequently. brow. “ Frontier " signified a barricade Cf. v. ii. 26 post. or rampart, as in 11. iii. 54, or a strongly 27, 28. Either envy. . Son) my son fortified place on the border of an is not guilty of this fault, and the ofenemy's country or a vassal's domains fence to your majesty lies at the door of (as in Hamlet, iv. iv. 16); whence in one who made a false report whether metaphor the general sense of some through malice or an honest misunderthing presenting a formidable aspect, standing of my son's meaning. Wright threatening opposition or danger. compares Measure for Measure, 11. ii. Rolfe and Wright note that a similar 149: “Either this is envy in you, folly figure occurs in Henry V. 1. i. 9-11. or mistaking.” Either," a For “frontier” in the sense of a forti. syllable, as in Midsummer-Night's fied town or fortress on a frontier, see Dream, 11. ii. 156. Envy, malice, as Bernardo de Mendoza, Theorique and often. Misprision, mistaking; cf. Practise of Warre (trans. Sir E. Hoby, Cowell, Interpreter : “Misprision ... 1599, p. 118): “ It is likewise to bee signifieth, in our common law, neglect, marked whether the place be fortified or negligence, or over-sight ... also alreadie being a frontire, or had neede a mistaking and Travels of to be fortified anewe." Halliwell ex- Capt. John Smith (ed. Arber, p. 326) : plains frontier as front or border; “[they] desired there might be a token Steevens forehead, comparing given them to be known by, lest he Stubbes, Anatomic of Abuses : “their might hurt them by misprision.” The bolstred heir, which standeth crested whole passage is much corrupted in round their frontiers, and hanging over Ff, is in line 26 being altered into was



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When I was dry with rage and extreme toil,
Breathless and faint, leaning upon my sword,
Came there a certain lord, neat, and trimly dress'd,
Fresh as a bridegroom; and his chin new reap'd
Show'd like a stubble-land at harvest-home;

He was perfumed like a milliner;
And 'twixt his finger and his thumb he held
A pouncet-box, which ever and anon

his nose and took 't away again; Who therewith angry, when it next came there, 40

Took it in snuff; and still he smiled and talk'd, (he Q 5), Either envy, therefore into 36. He was milliner) See Who either through' enuy, and is in Florio's Montaigne, 11. xii : "a perline 28 into Was.

fumed quaint courtier"; The Return 31. dry] thirsty: North’s Plutarch, from Parnassus . (Hazlitt's Dodsley, Caius Marius : "he was very dry, and ix. 184): “ There is no fool to ... the asked for cold water to drink."

perfumed fool”; and Middleton, The 33-48. Came there . .) A curious Old Law, 11. ii : “So passing well parallel to this incident will be found perfum'd too! who's your milliner?" in Roman-British history. Tacitus, « Milliner” signified in Shakespeare's Annals, xiv. 39, and Milton, History of time a tradesman who dealt in gloves, Britain (Bohn, v. 212): “ Polycletus, purses and other perfumed wares imno Roman but a courtier, was sent by ported originally from Milan. See Nero to examine how things went. He A Warning for Fair Women, 1: admonishing Suetonius . . to the “The gloves you showed me and the Britons gave matter of laughter, Who Italian purse are both well made so much even till then were nursed up but trust me, the perfume I am afraid in their native liberty, as to wonder will not continue"; and W. Rowley, that so great a general . . should be A Search for Money, 1609 (Percy Soc. at the rebuke and ordering of a court. ed., ii. 17): “the milliners threw out servitor."

perfumes to catch him by the nose, and 33. neat] spruce, foppish. See the sweete gloves to fit his hand." description of a "neat fellow”. in See also W. Stafford, A briefe Conceipt Porter, Two Angry Women of Abing- of English pollicy, 1581 (ed. Furnivall, ton (Hazlitt's Dodsley, vii. 286). And p. 51). Brome, The Northern Lasse, iv. i: 38. pouncet-box] a box for containing “ His neatness consists most diverslie pounce, a fine aromatic powder. F. sir. Not only in the decent wearing ponce, L. pumicem. The word has no of those cloaths and clean linnen, prun- connection with the verb pounce, to ing his hair, ruffling his boots, or order- perforate. Warburton observes that ing his shooe-tyes.” To regularise the long before tobacco was introduced verse Pope read trimly for and trimly, aromatic powder was used as snuff. Capell and trim; but no change is 41. Took it in snuf] snuffed it up, required, Hotspur's impatience, here as with a play on the meaning often, hreaking through the restraints censed at it.” The same quibble occurs of metre.

in H. Glapthorne, The Hollander, I. i, 33. trimly] finely, elegantly.

where a Dutchman thought “to have 34. Fresh as

a bridegroom] Cf. 3 purchas'd a monopoly for Tobacco; Henry VI. 11. i. 23, 24, and Marston, but that the Vintners tooke in snuffe, What You Will, 11. i: “He is and inform'd the gallants, who had like neate as a bride-groome, fresh as a to have smoak'd him for 't." Shake. new-minted sixpence."

speare's reference is probably not to 34. new reap'd] newly trimmed, close tobacco, which was first brought and clipped. The beard was worn short made known in England by Sir John by men of fashion at the date of the Hawkins about 1565, but not used by play,

englishmen in many years after ” (E.

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