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to corrupt a saint. Thou hast done much harm
upon me, Hal; God forgive thee for it! Before I
knew thee, Hal, I knew nothing; and now am I, if 95
a man should speak truly, little better than one of the
wicked. I must give over this life, and I will give
it over : by the Lord, an I do not, I am a villain :

I'll be damned for never a king's son in Christendom. Prince. Where shall we take a purse to-morrow, Jack? 100 Fal. 'Zounds, where thou wilt, lad; I'll make one; an

I do not, call me villain and baffle me.
Prince. I see a good amendment of life in thee; from

praying to purse-taking. Fal. Why, Hal, 'tis my vocation, Hal; 'tis no sin for a 105

man to labour in his vocation.

94. upon] Q 1; unto the rest. omitted Ff. an] Pope; and Q9, Ff. 2; and the rest.

95. am I] I am Ff. 98. by the Lord]

101. 'Zounds] omitted Ff. an] Qq 1,

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said. Johnson explains as a wicked was baffled and disgrac'd," and Marston, trick of repeating and applying holy What You Will, iv. i : “ Bar mee my texts," and Malone as “ citation or re- house; beate mee,-baffle mee,--scoffe citation ” (i.e. a damnable way of recit- mee,-deride me." In a letter dated ing the Scriptures).

22 May, 1570, Sir George Carey writes 92, 93. able . . , saint] Perhaps a to Lord Flemming, "I will baffull your proverbial saying. So in Burton, good name "; and his correspondent Anatomy of Melancholy, ed. 1634, P: replies, yee may rayle vpon my 482: "able to overcome a saint." Cf. honourable

yee please.' also Sonnets, cxliv. 7.

Nares: “Baffle was originally a punish93, 94. done.

harm upon] So in ment of infamy, inflicted on recreant Heywood, The Wise-Woman of Hogs: knights, one part of which was hangdon, v. iv: “ Young Chartley . I ing them up by the heels." was as virtuously given as any youth 103. amendment of life]Amendment in Europe till I fell into one Boyster's of life" is the Genevan rendering of the company; 'tis he that hath done all word rendered by “repentance" in the the harm upon me.” Cf. Brome, Authorised Version. Falstaff is again The Queens Exchange, iv. i; “These ridiculing the Puritans. rigorous courses have done hurt upon 105. 'tis my vocation] Falstaff here him." lq, with the exception of 1, repeats in ridicule another of the and Ff read done ... harm unto. Puritan shibboleths. See Middleton,

96, 97. one of the wicked] In mimicry The Family of Love, 111. ii : "Lipsalve. of the Puritans Falstaff here employs 'Tis my vocation, boy; we must never one of their canting expressions. See be weary of well-doing : love's as proper Overbury, Characters, À Button-Maker to a courtier as preciseness to a puritan.” of Amsterdam : “though most of the 105, 106. 'tis no ...

. . vocation] An wicked (as he calls them) be there.” allusion to I Corinthians vii. 20: “Let

99. be damned) See Overbury, Char- every man abide in the same vocation acters, A Button-Maker of Amsterdam: wherein he was called.” This text was "he cries out, 'Tis impossible for any often quoted and constantly commended man to be damn'd that lives in his by protestant divines. Latimer, Ser. Religion.” Another instance of mimicry mons: “Let every man therefore labour of Puritan cant.

in his vocation" (ed. Corrie, p. 359), 102. baffle] deride, treat with con- and the same author : “we must labour tumely. Beaumont and Fletcher, and do our business every one in his Love's Cure, v. i; "he That yesternight vocation” (Remains, ed. Corrie, p. 154). Enter POINS.

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Poins! Now shall we know if Gadshill have set a
match. O, if men were to be saved by merit, what
hole in hell were hot enough for him? This is the
most omnipotent villain than ever cried “Stand” to 110

a true man.
Prince. Good morrow, Ned.
Poins. Good morrow, sweet Hal. What says Monsieur

Remorse? what says Sir John Sack and Sugar? 107. Enter Poins] omitted Ff. 107. Poins !] See note infra. 108. match] Qq; Watch Ff. 114, 115. Sugar ? Fack /] Rowe; Sugar Iacke? Qq 1-4; Sugar, Iacke ? Qq 5-8; Sugar: lacke ? F. Cf. Nashe, Christ's Tears over Feru- some one or other attendant dailie in salem, 1593 (Grosart, iv. 95): “He the yard or house, or dwelling hard by held it as lawful for hym (since all vpon such matches, whether the preie be labouring in a mans vocation is but worth the following or no." The set a getting) to gette wealth as wel with Watch of F was also a cant phrase in use his Sword by the Highway side, as the among thieves. See Greene, Art of Laborer with his Spade or Mattock"; Conny-Catching (Grosart, X. 15): "The and Wilkins, Miseries of Enforced theefé is called a High lawier, He that Marriage (Hazlitt's Dodsley, ix. 528): setteth the watch, a scripper," and “this honest and needful calling of Dekker, Belman of London (Grosart, pursetaking."

jii. 151). 107. Poins !] Qq 3-8 and F print 110. omnipotent] capable of anything, Poines or Pointz in italics, as if the arrant. New Eng. Dict. quotes Nashe, words Now shall we ... true man Have with you (Grosart, iii.' 5I): were spoken by him.

" Farre more boystrous and cumber107, 108. set a match] “ To set a some than a pair of Swissers omnipomatch" signified in the argot of thieves tent galeaze breeches." to plot a robbery. So in Jonson, III. a true man] an honest man, as Bartholomew Fair (1614), v. iii: opposed to a thief. See 11. i. 93 post. “they'll be angry if they hear you

Sugar] Wright comeavesdropping, now they are setting pares S. Rowlands, The Letting of their match." See Greene, Art of Humours Blood in the Head-vaine Conny-Catching, 1591 (Grosart, X. 40): (Hunterian Club ed., p. 28); “signeur “ye high lawier [highwayman] when Sacke and Suger, drinke-drown'd he hath no set match to ride about"; reeles.” Simon Eyre, in Dekker's Dekker, Lanthorne and Candle-Light Shoemaker's Holiday, 11. v, appears to (Grosart, iii. 232) : “ The match being speak of sack and sugar as an old then agreed upon”; and The Misfor- man's drink: “old age, Sacke and tunes of Arthur (Hazlitt's Dodsley, iv. Sugar will steal upon us ere we be 311). • Match" sometimes occurs in aware." Hentzner, Moryson and the sense of plunder, theft, as in others observed it as a peculiarity of Pasquils Fests with the Merriments of the English that they sweetened their Mother Bunch (quoted in Ashton's wines with sugar. Malone quotes Dr. Humour, Wit, and Satire of the Seven. Venner, Via Řecta ad Vitam Longam, teenth Century): “which match [a 1622: “Some affect to drink sack with stolen purse) the fellow for feare of sugar, and some without, and upon hanging, willingly condescended to no other grounds, as I thinke, but as it surrender.” Wright refers to Harrison's is best pleasing to their palates." Description of England (ii. 16, ed. 1587): Sugar, in Venner's opinion, allayed “ Seldome .

waifaring men the heat of sack and retarded its penerobbed without the consent of the cham- trative quality. Sack, which, accordberleine, tapster, or ostler where they ing to Douce, is not mentioned earlier bait & lie, who ... giue intimation to than the twenty-third year of Henry

114. Sir.


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are ...

Jack! how agrees the devil and thee about thy soul, 115
that thou soldest him on Good Friday last for a cup
of Madeira and a cold capon's leg?

Prince. Sir John stands to his word, the devil shall have

his bargain; for he was never yet a breaker of pro-
verbs: he will give the devil his due.

Poins. Then art thou damned for keeping thy word with

the devil.
Prince. Else he had been damned for cozening the devil.
Poins. But, my lads, my lads, to-morrow morning, by

four o'clock, early at Gadshill! there are pilgrims 125
going to Canterbury with rich offerings, and traders
riding to London with fat purses : I have vizards for
you all; you have horses for yourselves : Gadshill
lies to-night in Rochester: I have bespoke supper
to-morrow night in Eastcheap: we may do it as 130
secure as sleep. If you will go, I will stuff your
purses full of crowns; if you will not, tarry at home

and be hanged.
Fal. Hear ye, Yedward; if I tarry at home and go not,
I'll hang you for going.

135 120. he ... due] in italics Ff. 123. been] omitted F.

130. to-morrow night] to morrow Ff. VIII., appears to have been a dry cf., e.g., Breton, Crossing of Proverbs, Spanish wine. The best qualities are 1616: P[roverb). There is no fire said to have been made at Xeres, and without smoake. C[rosse-answer]. Falstaff himself has much to say in Yes, in a flint." praise of “sherris-sack” in 2 Henry IV. 120. give . . . due] A proverbial sayiv. iii. 104. Span. secco, dry. Sher. ing. So in Henry V. 111. vii. 126, and wood, Eng. French Dict. : “Sack ... Jonson, A Tale of a Tub, v. v: “give Vin d'Espagne, vin sec."

the devil his due.” 115. agrees . thee] Pope would 125. Gadshill] A hill on the London emend the syntax by reading agree road about two miles north-west of and thou, but the use of a singular Rochester. The place had an ill reverb preceding a plural subject and of pute for robberies. Dekker and Web“ thee"

for " thou” accords with ster, West-ward Hoe, 11. ii : “as the Elizabethan idiom.

way lies over Gads-hill, very danger116. Good Friday) Good Friday was a black or total fast-day. Heywood, 127. vizards] Highwaymen Proverbs, Part I. xi : "he may his part vizards or masks. Earle, Microcosmoon Good Friday eat and fast never the graphie, A Younger Brother : "others worse.” Skelton (Why Come ye nat to

take a

more croked path, yet the Courte) accuses Wolsey of eating Kings high-way; where at length their capons stewed,

vizzard is pluck’t off, and they strike Fesaunt and partriche mewed," faire for Tiborne." Bailey's Dict. as a repast in Lent.

(Canting Words): “High-Pads .. 119, 120. breaker of proverbs] Cf. R. have a Vizor-Mask, and two or three Davenport, The City-Night-Cap, 1. ii: Perukes of different Colours and Makes, “so you break one Proverbs pate, and the better to conceal themselves.” give the other a plaister.” To break a 134. Yedward] A dialectal form of proverb was to Cross or gainsay it; Edward. So we find Yead






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Poins. You will, chops?
Fal. Hal, wilt thou make one?
Prince. Who, I rob? I a thief? not I, by my faith.
Fal. There's neither honesty, manhood, nor good fellow-

ship in thee, nor thou camest not of the blood royal, 140

if thou darest not stand for ten shillings. Prince. Well then, once in my days I'll be a madcap. Fal. Why, that's well said. Prince. Well, come what will, I'll tarry at home. Fal. By the Lord, I'll be a traitor then, when thou art 145

Prince. I care not.
Poins. Sir John, I prithee, leave the prince and me alone:

I will lay him down such reasons for this adventure
that he shall go.

150 Fal. Well, God give thee the spirit of persuasion and him

the ears of profiting, that what thou speakest may
move and what he hears may be believed, that the
true prince may, for recreation sake, prove a false
thief; for the poor abuses of the time want counten- 155

ance. Farewell: you shall find me in Eastcheap. Prince. Farewell, the latter spring! farewell, All-hallown summer!

[Exit Falstaff 138. Who,] Who, I ? Anon. conj. (apud Cambridge). by my faith] omitted Ff. 145. By the Lord] omitted Ff. 151. God give thee . . . and him] maist thou haue ... and he Ff. 154. true] omitted Qq 5-8. 157. Farewell, the] Farewel the Qq, Ff; Farewell, thou Pope and many editors. 158. Exit Falstaff ] Ff. 2-4 ; omitted Q9, F. Wives of Windsor, 1. i. 160. Dyce quotes English Gentleman : “as you have an example of Yedward in the Lanca- received your birth and breeding from shire dialect from Shadwell's Lancashire your Countrey; so are you to stand for Witches, 1.

her, even to the sacrifice of your dearest 136. chops] fat or chubby cheeks. lives.” Pope read cry, stand, for stand, Cotgrave: "Fafelu . Puffed up; and bid stand is the reading in Betterfat cheeked; a chops.” Cf. Marlowe, ton's acting copy of the play. Few of Malta, 11: “'tis not a stone

151-153. God.

move] Again of beef a-day will maintain you in these Falstaff ridicules the language of the chops. Let me see one that's some- Puritans. See Nashe, Anatomie of Abwhat leaner."

surditie (Grosart, i. 32): “Might the 140, 141. camest shillings] boast of the Spirit pind to their sleeues The points of this jest are that a royal make them elect before all other, they was a coin of the value of ten shillings will make men beleeue, they doe and that "stand for" signified (1) to nothing whereto the Spirit doth not represent, stand in the place of, and perswade them.” Cf. also Marlowe, (2) to make a fight for. For the Yew of Malta, 1 (Dyce, p. 152); and latter meaning Brome, Covent-Garden Jonson, Alchemist, 1. i : "Ananias. Weeded, ill. i: Nick. 40. sh. and The motion's good And of the spirit.” 3.d. you'l bate, the 3.d. will you not?

154. for sake] See note Drawer. We'll not much stand for 11. i. 70 post. that Sir, though our master sits at a 157, the latter spring Pope, followed dearę rent,” and R, Brathwaite, The by many editors, substituted thou for


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Poins. Now, my good sweet honey lord, ride with us to

morrow: I have a jest to execute that I cannot 160
manage alone. Falstaff, Bardolph, Peto and Gadshill
shall rob those men that we have already waylaid;
yourself and I will not be there; and when they have
the booty, if you and I do not rob them, cut this head
off from my

Prince. How shall we part with them in setting forth?
Poins. Why, we will set forth before or after them, and

appoint them a place of meeting, wherein it is at our
pleasure to fail, and then will they adventure upon
the exploit themselves; which they shall have no 170

sooner achieved, but we'll set upon them.
Prince. Yea, but 'tis like that they will know us by our

161. Bardolph, Poto] Theobald; Haruey, Rossill Qq, Ff. 165. off] omitted Qq 3-8, Ff. 166. How] But how Ff.

172. Yea] I Ff.


the, but the change is unnecessary. old age.” Cf. 2 Henry IV. 11. ii. 110:
The vocative of the definite article "the martlemas, your master."
was in general use in O.E. and is not 159. honey] A common term of en-
uncommon in the sixteenth century. dearment, as in Love's Labour's Lost,
Cf. N. Udall, Roister Doister, v. iv, v. ii. 530.
where Gawyn Goodlucke is addressing 161. Bardolph, Peto) The Haruey
C. Custance: “Come nowe, kisse me, and Rossill of Qq and Ff were per-
the pearle of perfect honestie," and haps the names of dramatis persone in
ibid. v. vi: “Oh the moste honeste the play as originally produced, after-
gentleman that ere I wist. I beseeche wards altered to Bardolph and Peto;
your mashyp .. to suppe with us.' or, as Theobald suggested, the names
For other examples cf. Spenser, Shep. of the actors who performed the parts
heards Calendar, viii. 190; 3 Henry of Bardolph and Peto. As in ii. iv.
VI. v. v. 38; King Lear, 1. i. 271; and 176, 178, 182, the Qq have Ross. for
Fulius Cæsar, v. iii. 99: “The last Gad. i.e. Gadshill, Wright suggests
of all the Romans, fare thee well!” that the minor parts may have been
The expression “latter spring” was taken sometimes by one actor and some-
used figuratively of the autumn of life times by another. The names Harvey
or the youth of old age. See Webster, and Rossill are not found in any list of
The Devil's Law-Case, 1. i :-

actors of the period. It is perhaps
Leonora. ..
with me

worth noting that in 2 Henry IV. II. 'Tis fall o'the leaf.

ii., Q has a stage-direction : “Enter Con. You enjoy the best of time: the Prince, Poynes, sir Iohn Russel, This latter spring of yours shows with other," where F gives: “Enter in my eye

Prince Henry, Pointz, Bardolfe, and More fruitful and more temperate Page." withal,

162. that

waylaid) for whom Than that whose date is only we have set an ambush, for whom the limited

ways are “laid” or watched. Cf. R. By the music of the cuckoo." Brome, A Jovial Crew, il: “The 157, 158. All-hallown summer] New Search is every way; the Country all Eng. Dict.: "a season of fine weather Jaid for you.' in the late autumn [about November ist 168, 169, wherein

fail] an apor All Saints' Day); also fig. brightness pointment we can fail to keep if we or beauty lingering or reappearing in please,


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