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Fal. Marry, then, sweet wag, when thou art king, let not

us that are squires of the night's body be called
thieves of the day's beauty: let us be Diana's
foresters, gentlemen of the shade, minions of the
moon; and let men say we be men of good govern-
ment, being governed, as the sea is, by our noble
and chaste mistress the moon, under whose counten-

ance we steal.
Prince. Thou sayest well, and it holds well too; for the

fortune of us that are the moon's men doth ebb and
flow like the sea, being governed, as the sea is, by

30

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iv. iii: "answer me roundly to the government,” and Heywood, An Apolo point,” and Brome, A Mad Couple well ogy for Actors (Shak. Soc. ed., p. 44): Match'd, 11. i.

Many amongst us I know to be 23-25. let not

beauty] “A thief of government, of sober lives and temof the day's beauty”may have been, like perate carriages.” the German Tagesdieb, a euphemism 28, 29. being . . . moon] Cf. Hey. for a loafer, and a squire of the night's wood, King Edward IV. Part II. body" was perhaps à euphemism for a (Pearson, i. 162): “Women all are highwayman. “ Let us,” says Falstaff, gouernd by the moon,” and Dryden, “who go by the moon and not by the Absalom and Achitophel: “govern'd sun, be called, if

you

will, squires of by the moon, the giddy Jews. . . the night's body (i.e. highwaymen), Shakespeare and his contemporaries but not thieves of the day's beauty' refer frequently to the moon as the (i.e. loafers, wastrels).” Theobald sub- cause of the tides. See Drayton, The stituted booty for beauty, interpreting: Man in the Moon :“ Let us not be called thieves, the pur- I am the rectress of this globe loiners of that booty, which, to the pro- below, prietors, was the purchase of honest And with my course the sea doth labour and industry by day.” Steevens ebb and flow,” etc.; explains : “let not us who are body and Dekker, London Triumphing squires to the night,” i.e. adorn the (Pearson, iii. 242); and Donne, Metemnight, “be called a disgrace to the day.” psychosis, First Song: "this great soule Wright: “let us not be called thieves Which, as the Moon the Sea, by the sun, that is in broad daylight,” moves us.” Cf. also Hamlet, 1. i. 118, comparing, for the construction, Corio. and Midsummer-Night's Dream, 11. i. lanus, 11. iii. 19. Daniel conjectures 103. beauty for body and booty for beauty. 28-30. our steal] So Wilkins, There is a word-play upon night The Miseries of Enforced Marriage and “knight,” as also possibly on (Hazlitt's Dodsley, ix. 528): "the body,' "" beauty” and “booty.' moon, patroness of all purse takers.”

25, 26. Diana's foresters] attendants 29, 30. under . . . steal] with a play upon the huntress Diana. Cf. the ex- on the double meaning of countenance, pression “ Diana's rangers ” in Cymbe- viz. face and patronage. See lines 155, line, 11. iii. 73.

156, post. Pope's we-steal is happy 26. shade] darkness, as in Sonnets, and may be right. xviii, 11.

31. it holds well] the simile is apt. Cf. 26. minions] servants. Skelton, Speke, Donne, Biathanatos (ed. 1648, p. 49) : Parrot, 21: "I am a mynyon to wayt

“ heaven. is certainly good; Life, vppon a quene.”

but probably and possibly. For here 27, 28. of good government] of ex- it holds well which Athenagoras sayes emplary life. So in Beaumont and (Earthly things and Heavenly differ so, Fletcher, The Scornful Lady, 1: "Other as Veri-simile, & Verum].”

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the moon. As, for proof, now: a purse of gold
most resolutely snatched on Monday night and most 35
dissolutely spent on Tuesday morning; got with
swearing "Lay by " and spent with crying "Bring in;"
now in as low an ebb as the foot of the ladder, and
by and by in as high a flow as the ridge of the
gallows.

40 Fal. By the Lord, thou sayest true, lad. And is not my

hostess of the tavern a most sweet wench ?
Prince. As the honey of Hybla, my old lad of the castle.

And is not a buft jerkin a most sweet robe of dur-
ance ?

45

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34. proof, now : a) Rowe; proofe. Now a Qq 1-6, Ff. 41. By the Lord] omitted Ff. 43. As the honey of Hybla) As is the hony Ff.

36, 37. got Bring in”] got at my legs too"; and Wilkins, The with an oath bidding the traveller * Lay Miseries of Enforced Marriage (Hazby,” and spent with crying to the litt's Dodsley, ix. 528). drawer, “Bring in more wine.” “Lay 43. lad of the castle] A cant term for by” may have been equivalent to a roisterer. Steevens quotes from Har“Stand and deliver your purses," or vey, Pierce's Supererogation, 1593 was perhaps a command to the travellers (Grosart, ii. 44): “And heere is a lusty to put aside or throw down their arms. ladd of the Castell, that will binde See Brome, Covent-Garden Wecded, v. Bears, and ride golden Asses to death"; ii: “You shall receive no harm, sir. and Farmer cites the same author's Lay by your Armes, my Masters. I bring Foure Letters, 1592 (Grosart, i. 225): none but friends." Possibly it was one “Old Lads of the Castell, with their of the watchwords in use among high- rappinge bable.” “Old Dick of the waymen to which Bailey's Dict. (Cant- castle occurs in Nashe's Gabriel ing Words) refers: "When they meet Harvey's Hunt is up, The Dedication a Prize upon the Road, they have a (Grosart, iii. 6). Farmer says that “old Watch-Word, among them, which is lad of the castle" is equivalent to no sooner pronounced, but every one falls "old lad of Castile, a Castilian"; and on.” Hudson equates it with “stand Rushton suggests an allusion to the close," and others connect it with the Castle, one of the “allowed Stewnautical expression “lie by," to slacken houses” mentioned in Stow's Survey sail, to bring to. (Cf. Henry VIII, of London (ed. 1720, iv. 7). See Introd. III, i. 11.)

38-40. now : gallows] Cf. J. Hey. 44. a buff jerkin] An allusion to the wood, Three Hundred Epigrammes, 56: catchpole or sergeant who wore a jerkin “ Thou art at an ebbe in Newgate, or sleeveless jacket of a stout kind of But thou shalt be aflote at Tyburne ere leather called buff. Comedy of Errors, long.” The condemned man was com- iv. ii. 45: “he's in a suit of buff which pelled to climb to the ridge or crossbar rested him," and Barry, Ram Alley of the gallows. In the account of the (Hazlitt's Dodsley, x. 330) :

" certain execution of Guy Fawkes in The goblins (sergeants) in buff jackets." Weekely Newes, 31 January, 1606, we 44, 45. robe of durance] With a pla read that “ Fawkes was scarce able to on the meanings of durance, viz. bu. go up the ladder, yet, with much ado, by or other stout durable material (c!. the help on the hangman, went high "everlasting”). and imprisonment. enough to break his neck by the fall.” The same quibble occurs in Dekker Also Beaumont and Fletcher, Thierry and Webster, Westward Hoe, I. ii : and Theodoret, 1. i: "I do now begin “Honest Sergeant . . . where didst to feel myself Tuck'd into a halter, and buy this buffe? Let me not liue but a ladder Turning from me, one pulling Ile giue thee a good suite of durance."

p. xi.

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Fal. How now, how now, mad wag! what, in thy quips

and thy quiddities? what a plague have I to do with

a buff jerkin? Prince. Why, what a pox have I to do with my hostess of the tavern?

50 Fal. Well, thou hast called her to a reckoning many a

time and oft. Prince. Did I ever call for thee to pay thy part? Fal. No; I'll give thee thy due, thou hast paid all there. Prince. Yea, and elsewhere, so far as my coin would stretch; 55

and where it would not, I have used my credit.
Fal. Yea, and so used it that, were it not here apparent

that thou art heir apparent-But, I prithee, sweet
wag, shall there be gallows standing in England
when thou art king? and resolution thus fubbed as бо
it is with the rusty curb of old father antic the law?

Do not thou, when thou art king, hang a thief. 46. what, in] what in Qq 1, 5, 6, Ff. 57. not] omitted Ff.

58. apparentBut] Rowe; apparant. But Qq, Ff. 60. fubbed] fubd Q9 1-6; fobbid Fi; snubd or snub'd Qq 7, 8. 61. law ??] law, or law : Qq 1-6. 62. king] a king lq 3-6, Ff. Cf. Comedy of Errors, iv. iii. 27; "the purpose let it play openly with the lasman [the sergeant] that takes pity on civious wind." From this passage and decayed men and gives them suits of from Comedy of Errors, III. ii. 127, it durance"; and Middleton, Blurt, would appear that “heir”

was proMaster-Constable, III. ii; “Tell my nounced as “hair.” On the other lady that I go in a suit of durance for hand we read in Harvey, Three Proher sake."

per Letters, 1580: "we have ... ayer 46. quips] In Lyly's Alexander and bothe pro aere and pro haerede, for we say Campaspe (1584), 111. ii, Manes defines not Heire but plain Aire for him to (or a quip as “a short saying of a sharp else Scoggan's Aier were a poor jest).' witte, with a bitter sense in a sweete 60. fubbed] cheated, robbed of its word.” The word is well illustrated reward; as in Brome, The Court at Falstaff's expense in Merry Wives Beggar, 11. i; “My Fob has been fubd of Windsor, I. iii. 45. Bullokar, Ex- to day of six pieces.” Many editors positor : “Quippe. A quicke checke, prefer the fobb'd of F. So in Greene, a pretty taunt."

L. quippe, indeed, Mamillia (Grosart, ii. 102); “I will forsooth.

not.

fobbe you with fayre wordes, - 47: quiddities] quirks, quibbles.

quibbles. and foule deedes.” Bailey's Dict. Florio's Montaigne, 11. x: " neither (Canting Words) : "Fob, a Cheat, or gramaticall subtilties nor logicall quid- Trick.” For “resolution "cf. lines 34, dities.” The word originally had refer. 35 ante : "a purse of gold most resoence to the fine-spun arguments of the lutely snatched.” schoolmen the " quiddity

61. antic] mountebank, buffoon. See “whatness" of things. L. quidditas. Bailey's Dict. (Canting Words):

47. a plague] The "a" is a weakened Anticks, such as dress themselves up form of “on (= in). See Abbott, with Ribbons, mismatched Colours, Shakespearean Grammar, 24.

Feathers, &c.”; ct. also Henry V. III. 57,58. here ... apparent] Cf. Dekker, ii. 34, and Milton, Samson Agonistes, Guls Horn-Booke, 1609 (Grosart, ii. 1325. It. antico, grotesque.

See 227, 228); “You then, to whom chastity “ The Picture of an English Antick has given an heire apparant, take order in Ashton's Humour, Wit, and Satire that it may be apparant, and to that of the Seventeenth Century (p. 94).

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Prince. No, thou shalt.
Fal. Shall I ? O rare ! By the Lord, I'll be a brave
judge.

65 Prince. Thou judgest false already: I mean, thou shalt

have the hanging of the thieves and so become a

rare hangman. Fal. Well, Hal, well; and in some sort it jumps with my

humour as well as waiting in the court, I can tell 70

you.
Prince. For obtaining of suits?
Fal. Yea, for obtaining of suits, whereof the hangman

hath no lean wardrobe. 'Sblood, I am as melan-
choly as a gib cat or a lugged bear.

75 Prince. Or an old lion, or a lover's lute. Fal. Yea, or the drone of a Lincolnshire bagpipe.

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64. By the Lord] omitted Ff. 74. 'Sblood] omitted Ff. 64. O rare !] An exclamation which 75. a gtb cat] a tom cat, a male cat. is the subject of an epigram in Guilpin's Sherwood, Eng. French Dict.: “A Skialetheia (1598), where its excessive gibbe (or old male cat).” “Gib” is an use is ridiculed.

abbreviation of Gilbert; cf. Henryson, 64, 65. I'll .. judge) See Introd. Fables of Esope (Laing, p. 114): "Gibp. xxi. Brave, fine, as in As You Like Hunter our jollie cat (later called It, ill. iv. 43.

“ Gilbert").

The melancholy of the 66. judgest false] A double entendre was proverbial. See Sidney, --thou hast misunderstood me and thou Arcadia (ed. 1598, p. 386), and Lyly, art a false judge.

Midas, v. ii. “As melancholy as a 69, 70. jumps ... humour] agrees gib'd cat" is given in Ray's Proverbs. with, coincides with my inclination. 75. lugged bear] a baited bear, a bear Grim, the Collier of Croydon (Hazlitt's that has been toused and lugged by Dodsley, viii. 430): “if what I say dogs. Cf. Butler, Hudibras, i. iii :Shall jump with reason, then you'll

Thy bear is

out of peril, pardon me."

Though lugga,

lugg'd, indeed, and 72. obtaining of suits] So in Dekker, wounded ver'ill," Guls Horn-Booke (Grosart, ii. 239): and Middleton and Rowley, The “ If you be a Courtier, discourse of the Changeling, 11. i : " like a common obtaining of suits.” For Falstaff's Garden-bull I do but take breath to be quibble cf. Brome, The Northern lugg'd again. Baret, Alvearie, has Lasse, iv. i. : Squelch. How is it “To lug, shake or pull by the eare. rewarded? Holdup. By obtaining of Vellere, agitare, vellicare aurem. Sutes made out of cast Gowns."

77. drone . . . bagpipe] The drone 73, 74. whereof. wardrobe] The or bass pipe of a bagpipe emits a hangman's fee was thirteen pence half- deep, monotonous note. Butler's penny (see Middleton, No Wit, no Hudibras, 11. ii : " • Bagpipes of the Help Like a Woman's, v. i), and the loudest drones." The bagpipe was felon's clothes were his perquisite. once popular throughout England, but Brome, A Mad Couple well Match'd, in Shakespeare's day its use seems to 1. i: "I will do some .. death-de- have been restricted to Lancashire and serving thing (though these cloaths goe Lincolnshire. Heywood, The Witches to th' Hangman for 't).” See also of Lancashire, ul. i: “a Lancashire Bacon, Apophthegms (Spedding, vii. Bag-pipe is able to charme the 146); Middleton, The Roaring Girl, iv. Divell." “Lincolne-shire Bagpipe” is i; and Brome, The Northern Lasse, given first among the proverbs of Linv, i.

colnshire by Fuller (Worthies of Enga

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Prince. What sayest thou to a hare, or the melancholy

of Moor-ditch ? Fal. Thou hast the most unsavoury similes, and art in- 80

deed the most comparative, rascalliest, sweet young
prince. But, Hal, I prithee, trouble me no more
with vanity. I would to God thou and I knew
where a commodity of good names were

were to be
bought. An old lord of the council rated me the 85
other day in the street about you, sir, but I marked
him not; and yet he talked very wisely, but I re-
garded him not; and yet he talked wisely, and in

the street too. Prince. Thou didst well; for wisdom cries out in the 90

streets, and no man regards it. Fal. O, thou hast damnable iteration, and art indeed able

80. similes] smiles Qq 1-4, 6-8, F. rest. 83. to God] omitted Ff. wisdom . and] omitted Ff.

81. rascalliest] Qq 1, 2; rascallest the

88. and in] in Qq 6-8. 90, 91.

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land, 1662, p. 152). "The Bagpipe," ditch than a notcht mee thus." Malone he says, “in the judgement of the cites Taylor's Pennylesse Pilgrimage, Rural Midas's, carryeth away the credit 1618 (p. 129): “ moody, muddy, Moorefrom the Harp of Apollo himself." ditch melancholy.' Ray (Proverbs) cites Fuller, with the 81. comparative] fertile in similes remark, “whether because the people and comparisons. See note to mil, . here do more delight in the bagpipe 67 post, and cf. Love's Labour's Lost, than other, or whether they are more v. ii. 853-856. cunning in playing upon them." 84. commodity) supply, as in MeaWright quotes Drayton, Poly-Olbion, sure for Measure, iv. iii. 5. Sir W. xxiii. 266: “And Bells and Bagpipes Berkley, The Lost Lady (Hazlitt's next belong to Lincolnshire." Boswell Dodsley, xii. 585): “A commodity of refers to Armin, a Nest of Ninnies, beauty that would last forty years, 1608 (Shak. Soc. ed., p. 9): "a noyse would bear a good price.”. Reed quotes of minstrells and a Lincolnshire bag. from The Discoverie of the Knights of pipe was prepared—the minstrels for the Poste, 1597 : “it were well if they the great chamber, the bagpipe for the knew where a commoditie of names hall. Steevens suspected that by the were to be sould, and yet I thinke all “ drone of a Lincolnshire bagpipe” was the money in their purses could not meant the " dull croak of a frog.'

78. What ... hare] Steevens quotes 90, 91. for wisdom ... it] Proverbs Drayton, Poly-Olbion, ii. 204: “ The i. 20-24: “ Wisdom crieth without; melancholie Hare is form'd in brakes she uttereth her voice in the streets : and briers," and Webster, The White She crieth . i . saying . I have Devil (ed. Dyce, p. 26): "your melan- stretched out my hand, and no man choly hare."

regarded.” The words “ wisdom 79. Moor-ditch] A foul ditch, clogged and" are omitted in F in conformity with filth, draining Moorfields between with the Act of Parliament to Restrain Bishopsgate and Cripplegate. Steevens the Abuses of Players. See Introd. p. quotes Dekker, Guls Horn-Booke (Gros. ix. art, ii. 212): “a sorer labour then the

iteration] thou hast a clensing of Augeaes stable, or the scow- profane way of repeating Scripture ring of Moor-ditch.” See also The Play that will be thy damnation. Or posof Sir Thomas More (ed. Dyce, p. 51): sibly Falstaff refers to the Prince's • Moore had bin better a scowred More- trick of iterating what has been already

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