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King. Here is a dear, a true industrious friend,

Sir Walter Blunt, new lighted from his horsc,
Stain'd with the variation of each soil
Betwixt that Holmedon and this seat of ours;

And he hath brought us smooth and welcome news.
The Earl of Douglas is discomfited:
Ten thousand bold Scots, two and twenty knights,
Balk'd in their own blood did Sir Walter see
On Holmedon's plains. Of prisoners, Hotspur took 70
Mordake the Earl of Fife, and eldest son

62. a dear, a true] Qq 3, 4; deere, a true Qq 1, 2; a deare and true Qq 5-8, Ff.

64. Stain'd] Strain'd F, Dering MS. 69. blood did] bloud. Did Qq 1-4. 70. Holmedon's plains] Holmedon plaine Qq 6-8. 71. the] Pope; omitted Qq, Ff.

62. true industrious] hyphened by furrows (Cath. Angl., 1483, and SherTheobald-true-industrious, i.e. truly wood, Eng. French Dict.). O.E. balc, industrious.

a ridge between two furrows, and bal63. Sir Walter Blunt] Wright ob- ca, a heap. Of conjectural emendaserves that the news of the battle of tions the most interesting are Baked Humbleton Hill was brought to the (Grey), cf. Hamlet, 11. ii. 481; Bath'd king not by Sir Walter Blunt but by (Heath); Bark’d (Grant White, comNicholas Merbury, who received as paring Hamlet, 1. v. 71). his reward a pension of £40 a year. 71. The scansion may be, “ Mór | Rymer's Foedera, ix. 25.

dake Earl | of Fife , etc.” Pope read 63. new lighted] newly alighted. So the Earl, and is followed by many in Massinger, The Roman Actor, v. ii :- edd. Malone, omitting the article,

“There is a post, new lighted, says “the word earl is here used as a

That brings assured intelligence.” dissyllable.”
Cf. Richard II. 1. i. 82, and Hamlet, 71. Mordake] Murdach

Stewart, III. iv. 59.

eldest son of Robert Duke of Albany, 66. smooth and welcome] Epithets Regent of Scotland. antithetical to “uneven

" and "un-
71, 72. and eldest

Douglas] welcome” in line 50. For “smooth " Mordake was the eldest son of Robert cf. 2 Henry IV. Induction, lines 39, Duke of Albany, and Shakespeare has 40:

here (and in i. iii. 261) been misled by “ from Rumour's tongues a printer's error in Holinshed's ChronThey bring smooth comforts false.” icles (ed. 1808), iii. 21: "and of prison68. two and twenty] Theobald, fol. ers among other were these, Mordacke lowing Holinshed (see Introd. p. earle of Fife, son to the gouernour xxxvi), read three and twenty.

Archembald earle Dowglas, etc.,” 69. Balk'd .. blood] lying in balks where a comma should follow" goueror ridges which formed furrows drenched nour. On the following, page of with blood. A similar figure occurs in Holinshed we find “Mordake earle Milton, History of Britain (Bohn, v. of Fife, the duke of Albanies sonne." 211): "The Romans slew all; men, Theobald, supposing that a line was women, and the very drawing horses lost after “eldest son,” read, in line 72, lay heaped along the field in a gory The beaten Douglas. Rann reads the mixture of slaughter." Tollet quotes regent's son, The beaten Douglas. As from Pope's Iliad :

Mordake is called "eldest son," Bos“On heaps the Greeks, on heaps well Stone infers that Shakespeare the Trojans bled,

must have consulted Holinshed's HisAnd thick’ning round them rise torie of Scotland, where we read “ Murthe hills of dead."

docke Steward, eldest sonne to duke A balk signified a ridge between two Robert the gouernour.”

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To beaten Douglas; and the Earl of Athol,
Of Murray, Angus, and Menteith:
And is not this an honourable spoil ?

A gallant prize ? ha, cousin, is it not ?
West. In faith,

It is a conquest for a prince to boast of.
King. Yea, there thou makest me sad and makest me sin

In envy that my Lord Northumberland
Should be the father to so blest a son,
A son who is the theme of honour's tongue;
Amongst a grove, the very straightest plant;
Who is sweet Fortune's minion and her pride:
Whilst I, by looking on the praise of him,
See riot and dishonour stain the brow.
Of my young Harry. O that it could be proved
That some night-tripping fairy had exchanged
In cradle-clothes our children where they lay,
And call'd mine Percy, his Plantagenet !


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72. Earl] Earle Qq, Ff 1-3. 73. Murray) Murrey Qq; Murry F. A gallant of.] See note infra. 80. to] of Qq 5-8, Ff.


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72. the Earl of Athol] French, arrangement of the text is that of Shakespeareana Genealogica : “At the Steevens (1793). Qq I, 2 read :date of the battle of Holmedon there “A gallant prize? Ha coosen, is was virtually no •Earl of Athol,' that .

it not? In faith it is. dignity having been resigned to the West. A conquest for a Prince to crown in 1341, and it was not revived

boast of." until 1408, in the person of Walter And so all subsequent Qq and Ff, but Stewart, second son of King Robert II. without the blank between not ? and In There is, however, in Rymer's Foedera, faith. Pope read :a safe-conduct dated June 8, 1404, “A gallant prize ? ha, cousin, is it granted to Walter Stewart, Earl of not? Athol and Caithness, to enable him to West. In faith, a conquest for a visit the shrine of Thomas à Becket."

Prince to boast of." 73. Murray] Thomas Dunbar, second 83. minion] favourite, as in King Earl of Moray.

Fohn, 11. i. 392. 73. Angus] George Douglas, only son 85, 86. riot ... Harry] See Introd. of William, first Earl of Douglas. His pp. xvi-xviii and xxvii. mother, Margaret Stewart, was Count- 87, 88. That some lay] An alluess of Angus in her own right (French, sion to the popular belief that the fairies Shak. Gen.):

will steal a beautiful child at its birth, 73. Menteith]This was one of the titles leaving in exchange an ugly elfor of Murdach Earl of Fife, whose mother, changeling. See Midsummer-Night's Margaret Graham, was Countess of Dream, 11. i. 23; and Marlowe, The Menteith in her own right. In making Massacre at Paris (Dyce, p. 243): “My two persons of Fife and Menteith son! thou art a changeling, not my Shakespeare follows Holinshed, Chron- son. Cf. also Norton and Sackville, icles (ed. 1808), iii. 21: “Mordacke Gorboduc, Iv. i; Spenser, Faerie earle of Fife, Robert earle of Queene, 1. X. 35; Nashe, Foure Letters Angus, and (as some writers haue) the Confuted (Grosart, ii. 265); Romeo and earles of Atholl & Menteith."

Juliet, 1. iv. 54 (in this edition, Dow75-77. A gallant . . . boast of.] The den's note); Gay, Fables, Pt. I. iii.

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Then would I have his Harry, and he mine.

But let him from my thoughts. What think you, coz,
Of this young Percy's pride ? the prisoners,
Which he in this adventure hath surprised,
To his own use he keeps; and sends me word,
I shall have none but Mordake Earl of Fife.

95 West. This is his uncle's teaching: this is Worcester,

Malevolent to you in all aspects;
Which makes him prune himself, and bristle up

The crest of youth against your dignity.
King. But I have sent for him to answer this;

And for this cause a while we must neglect
Our holy purpose to Jerusalem,
Cousin, on Wednesday next our council we
Will hold at Windsor; so inform the lords:
But come yourself with speed to us again;


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101. a while) a-while F. 104. so] and so F.

103, 104. Cousin,

lords :) See note infra.



91. let him from] The omission of star " in Massinger, Duke of Milan, I. the verb, when of motion, is com- iii. See Introd. p. xxxvii.

98. prune himself).“ To prune" is a 92-95. the prisoners . . . Fife] Tollet technical term in falconry used of a and Steevens assert that by the law of hawk that trims or dresses her feathers arms Hotspur had an exclusive right in preparation for action. The Boke to the prisoners, excepting only the of St. Albans, 1486: “She proynith Earl of Fife, to whom, as a prince of when she fetcheth oyle with hir beke the blood royal, Henry was entitled over hir tayle and anoynteth hir fete by his acknowledged military preroga- and his federis. . . . And . . . that tive. Sir J. Turner, Pallas Armata (pr. tyme that she proynyth she is lykyng 1683), p. 341: “The Ransome of a and lusty, and whanne she hathe doone Prisoner belongs to him who took she will rowse hire myghtyly." Cf. him, unless he be a person of very Cymbeline, v. iv, 118. eminent quality, and then the Prince, 98, 99. bristle . . crest] Cf. King the State, or their General seizeth on John, iv. iii. 149: “Now ... . Doth him, giving some gratuity to those dogged war bristle his angry crest." who took him.”

100. I have . . . this] This is not 93. surprised] captured, as in ? according to Holinshed. See Introd. Henry , iv. ix. 8, and King Edward p. xxxvii. III. v. i.

103, 104. Pope's arrangement of the
97. Malevolent ... aspects] Wor- lines. Line 103 ends at “hold” in Q9
cester is likened to some “ill planet” and Ff. It has not been suggested to
which exerts an evil influence “ in all put cousin in a separate line and then
aspects. Aspect” is an astrological to divide as in Qq and Ff.
term strictly denoting the relative posi- 106, 107. more is to be .. .] we must
tions of the heavenly bodies at a given speak and act, not


but time, but loosely used with reference advisedly. For “out of anger ” cf. i. to the way in which they look upon iii. 51 and iv. iii. 7. post : You speak it the earth at a particular moment. Cf. out of fear and cold heart.” Johnson Troilus and Cressida, 1. iii. 92; Winter's paraphrases: "more is to be said than Tale, 11, i. 107; and Chaucer, Canter. anger will suff me to say: more than bury Tales, A. 1087. For “malevolent" can issue from a mind disturbed like in its astrological use cf. “malevolent mine."

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For more is to be said and to be done

Than out of anger can be uttered.
West. I will, my liege.


SCENE II.-London.

An Apartment of the Prince's.


Fal. Now, Hal, what time of day is it, lad ?
Prince. Thou art so fat-witted, with drinking of old sack

and unbuttoning thee after supper and sleeping upon
benches after noon, that thou hast forgotten to de-
mand that truly which thou wouldst truly know.
What a devil hast thou to do with the time of the day?
Unless hours were cups of sack, and minutes capons,
and clocks the tongues of bawds, and dials the signs
of leaping-houses, and the blessed sun himself a fair
hot wench in flame-coloured taffeta, I see no reason


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London. Prince's.] Theobald. Enter Falstaff.] Enter Falstaffe, and Pointz. Ff (substantially). 4. after noon] in the afternoone Ff.

108. West. . . .] Seymour would omit posed, that Falstaff had asked in the this line. If we adopt this proposal night what was the time of the day. and that anonymously made (Cam- The Prince, Moorman thinks, contends bridge Shakespeare) to transpose said that Falstaff's concern is with the night and done in line 106, the scene will and not with the day. There is no conclude with the conventional rhyming reason to suppose with Steevens that couplet,

the scene takes place at night, and that Scene 11.

this circumstance was forgotten by

Shakespeare when in line 112 the Prince London Prince's] Tradition wishes Poins a good morrow. says that the Prince had a residence 6. What a devil) A called Cold Harbour in the neighbour- taken from the French (12th century) hood of Eastcheap, and Holinshed comment diables !”; “ diables ” being (see Introd. p. xxxix) speaks of "the in the nominative (= vocative) princes house" in London. There In M.E. the expression is found as is nothing in the text to support “what devil,” but in the sixteenth Staunton's view that the scene is laid century the form “what a devil ” is in a tavern, while it is intrinsically im. found. Cf. Puttenham, English Poesie probable that the Prince's associates (Arber), III. xxiii. 274 [New Eng. met in a room in the palace as suggested Dict.]. by Capell.

2. fat-witted] thick-witted, dull; cf. "to leap” in Beaumont and Fletcher, Love's Labour's Lost, v. ii. 268: “Well- Cupid's Revenge, v; and “vaulting. liking wits they have; gross, gross; houses" in Middleton, Father Hub. fat, fat."

burd's Tales (Bullen, viii. 79). 4, 5. thou hast ... know] Falstaff 10. flame-coloured) bright red. So had asked a question the answer to in Middleton, Your Five Gallants, i. which could not concern a man of his I; and in Beaumont and Fletcher, The habits, tastes and way of life. Why Masque of the Inner Temple and Gray's should a man of pleasure ask aught Inn : “ Ènter four Cupids . . . attired so superfluous as the time of day, when in Aame-coloured taffeta.” Cotgrave : he might have asked of sack, capons, “Haulte couleur. A fierie red, or flame etc.? The point is not, as Johnson sup- colour."

9. Jeaping-houses] brothels. Cf, vb.

why thou shouldst be so superfluous to demand the

time of the day.
Fal. Indeed, you come near me now, Hal; for we that

take purses go by the moon and the seven stars, and
not by Phoebus, he, that wandering knight so fair. 15
And, I prithee, sweet wag, when thou art king, as,
God save thy grace,-majesty I should say, for

grace thou wilt have none, Prince. What, none? Fal. No, by my troth, not so much as will serve to be 20

prologue to an egg and butter. Prince. Well, how then? come, roundly, roundly.

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II. so] omitted Qq 2-8. 14. the seven] Qq 1-4; seven Qq 5-8, Ff. 16. king] a king Q 1. 18. none, --] Cambridge ; none. - Rowe (ed. 2); none Qq, Ff. 20. by my troth] omitted Ff. 22. come, roundly] Theobald; come roundly Oq, Ff.

13. you me] So in Lyly, " that wandering knight so fair” may Gallathea, III. I: "Eurota. Indeede be a quotation from some forgotten Ramia, if Louers were not vertuous, ballad on the subject of his adventures. then wert thou vicious. Ramia. What 17, 18. grace none] So in are you come so neere me? Tel. I Heywood, King Edward IV. Pt. I. thinke we came neere when wee saide (Pearson, i. 42): King., Tush! I you loued,” and Heywood, The Wise- meane his Grace?

Hobs. Grace, Woman of Hogsdon (Pearson, v. 283): quotha ? pray God he haue anie.” Chart. . . . Have I toucht you ? Senc.

20, 21. not. butter] Cf. Beaumont You have come somewhat neere me and Fletcher, Women Pleased, 1. ii: but toucht me not.”

“ 'Tis_treason to any good stomach 14. go by] tell the time by. So R. To hear a tedious grace said, and Davenport, King John and Matilda, I. no meat to 't.An egg and butter ii :

“ when .. our Dials retrograde was typical Friday or lenten fare; cf. do run, We leave to look on them, and Sir D. Lindsay, Kitteis Confessioun go by th’Sun."

(Laing, i. 136), where the curate bids 14. the seven stars] the Pleiades. Kittie, as a penance, Fridayis fyve See Minshew: “the Pleiades or seven na fische to eit, Bot butter and eggis stars," and Dekker, The King's Enter- ar better meit." The Puritans who tainment (Pearson, i. 324): “the introduced long graces before and after Moone, Sunne, and the seauene Starres, meat had no mind to fasting, and decalled the Pleiades.” The expression tested an egg and butter as a dish "Seven stars” is applied to the Hyades tainted with popery. See Middleton, by Gawain Douglas, Eneados, 1. xi. The Inner Temple Masque (Bullen, vii. 15. Phoebus

fair] Cf. Peele, 203): Plumporridge. I was born an Sir Clyomon and Sir Clamydes, xxi : Anabaptist, a fell foe To fish and Frias the owl . . . dares not, while Sir days; and shall I .. cleave to saltPhoebus shines, attempt abroad in fish ? Commit adultery with an egg Alight," and The Return from Parnassus, and butter ?" In Udall's Diotrephes, Pt. II. III. iv :

1588 (Arber, p. 6), there is a story of a "You grand-sire Phoebus with your Puritan at an inn who "would need louely eye,

saye grace (forsooth) before and after The firmaments eternall vaga. supper, and so stay them that were bond."

hungrie," till "one wiser then the rest Steevens saw a reference to El Donzel started up, saying my father had del Febo or the Knight of the Sun, the no grace before me, neither wil I have hero of a Spanish romance which was any. very popular in England in Shakes- 22. roundly] plainly, to the point. peare's age, and thought that the words So in Middleton, The Family of Love,


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